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David-Hillel Ruben
Birkbeck College
  1. Positive and Natural Law Revisited.David-Hillel Ruben - 1972 - Modern Schoolman 49 (4):295-317.
    The article argues that the famous debate on natural and positive law between Lon Fuller and HLA Hart rests on a dispute about whether or not that something is a law provides on its own a prima facie reason for doing something.
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  2.  30
    Prime Cuts And The Method Of Recombination.David-Hillel Ruben - forthcoming - Episteme 2021.
    Whether some condition is equivalent to a conjunction of some (sub-) conditions has been a major issue in analytic philosophy. Examples include: knowledge, acting freely, causation, and justice. Philosophers have striven to offer analyses of these, and other concepts, by showing them equivalent to such a conjunction. Timothy Williamson offers a number of arguments for the idea that knowledge is ‘prime’, hence not equivalent to or composed by some such conjunction. I focus on one of his arguments: the requirement that (...)
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  3.  22
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  4. The Physical Action Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  5. Explaining Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Routledge.
    This book introduces readers to the topic of explanation. The insights of Plato, Aristotle, J.S. Mill and Carl Hempel are examined, and are used to argue against the view that explanation is merely a problem for the philosophy of science. Having established its importance for understanding knowledge in general, the book concludes with a bold and original explanation of explanation.
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  6. Traditions and True Successors.David-Hillel Ruben - 2013 - Social Epistemology 27 (1):32 - 46.
    What constitutes numerically one and the same tradition diachronically, at different times? This question is the focus of often violent dispute in societies. Is it capable of a rational resolution? Many accounts attempt that resolution with a diagnosis of ambiguity of the disputed concept-Islam, Marxism, or democracy for example. The diagnosis offered is in terms of vagueness, namely the vague criteria for sameness or similarity of central beliefs and practices.
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  7. Disjunctive Theories of Perception and Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 227--243.
    A comparison of disjunctive theories of action and perception. The development of a theory of action that warrants the name, a disjunctive theory. On this theory, there is an exclusive disjunction: either an action or an event (in one sense). It follows that in that sense basic actions do not have events intrinsic to them.
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  8. A Conditional Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (1):271-287.
    What I shall do in this paper is to propose an analysis of ‘Agent P tries to A’ in terms of a subjunctive conditional, that avoids some of the problems that beset most alternative accounts of trying, which I call ‘referential views’. They are so-named because on these alternative accounts, ‘P tries to A’ entails that there is a trying to A by P, and therefore the expression ‘P’s trying to A’ can occur in the subject of a sentence and (...)
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  9. W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts.David-Hillel Ruben - 2010 - Philosophical Papers 39 (2):257-270.
    In virtue of what are later and an earlier group members of one and the numerically same tradition? Gallie was one of the few philosophers to have engaged with issues surrounding this question. My article is not a faithful exegesis of Gallie but develops a terminology in which to discuss issues surrounding the numerical identity of a tradition over time, based on some of his insights.
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  10. Social Properties (Facts and Entities): Philosophical Aspects.David-Hillel Ruben - 2001 - In International Encyclopaedia of the Social and Behavioral Sciences.
  11.  81
    Action and its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    David-Hillel Ruben mounts a defence of some unusual and original positions in the philosophy of action. Written from a point of view out of sympathy with the assumptions of much of contemporary philosophical action theory, his book draws its inspiration from philosophers as diverse as Aristotle, Berkeley, and Marx. Ruben 's work is located in the tradition of the metaphysics of action, and will attract much attention from his peers and from students in the field.
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  12. Beyond Supervenience and Construction.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):121-141.
    If reduction of the social to the physical fail, what options remain for understanding their relationship? Two such options are supervenience and constructivism. Both are vitiated by a similar fault. So the choices are limited: reduction after all, or emergence.
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  13.  86
    Trying in Some Way.David-Hillel Ruben - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):719-733.
    Does 'Person P tried to A' entail that there is some particular, whether a mental act or a brain state or whatever, that is a trying? Most discussions of trying assume that this entailment holds. There is no good reason for holding that this is a valid inference. In particular, I examine one 'Davidsonian' argument that might be used to justify the validity of such an inference and argue that the argument is not sound. See: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/IxsuPqt7rvdzqMxpFiTv/full.
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  14.  86
    Explaining Contrastive Facts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):35-37.
  15. Con-Reasons as Causes.David-Hillel Ruben - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 62--74.
    Book synopsis: This collection of previously unpublished essays presents the newest developments in the thought of international scholars working on the explanation of action. The contributions focus on a wide range of interlocking issues relating to agency, deliberation, motivation, mental causation, teleology, interprative explanation and the ontology of actions and their reasons. Challenging numerous current orthodoxies, and offering positive suggestions from a variety of different perspectives, this book provides essential reading for anyone interested in the explanation of action.
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  16.  33
    John Searle’s The Construction of Social Reality.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):443-447.
  17. The Causal and Deliberative Strength of Reasons for Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2010 - In J. Aguilar & A. Buckareff (eds.), Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action. Bradford.
    Is the thought that having a reason for action can also be the cause of the action for which it is the reason coherent? This is an attempt to say exactly what is involved in such a thought, with special reference to the case of con-reasons, reasons that count against the action the agent eventually choses.
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  18. Action and Its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben & G. F. Schueler - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (218):139-142.
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  19.  85
    The Active and the Passive: David -Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):229-246.
    How to draw the distinction between activity and passivity? Whatever that might be, the causal theory of action cannot give the right answer, as it offers an essentially passive account of human action.
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  20.  48
    Mental Overpopulation and the Problem of Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:111-124.
  21.  69
    A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1994 - Noûs 28 (4):465-481.
  22. The Existence of Social Entities.David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (129):295-310.
  23.  6
    Explaining Contrastive Facts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1986 - Analysis 46 (4):35-37.
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  24. Warnock on Rules.David-Hillel Ruben - 1972 - Philosophical Quarterly 22 (89):349-354.
    A discussion of Geoffrey Warnock's views on the analysis of rules.
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  25. Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben (ed.) - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editor of each volume contributes an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. This volume presents a selection of the most important (...)
     
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  26.  47
    A Puzzle About Posthumous Predication.David-Hillel Ruben - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (2):211-236.
  27. Going in Circles.David-Hillel Ruben - 2009 - In Chrysostomos Mantzavinos (ed.), Philosophy of the Social Sciences: Philosophical Theory and Scientific Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 312.
    What might it mean to say that there is such a thing as a hermeneutic circle in the social sciences? A consideration of some remarks by Charles Taylor and others and an interpretive reconstruction, and assessment, of the idea of such a circle.
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  28. Review: How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions. [REVIEW]David-Hillel Ruben - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):734-737.
    A review of Berent Enc's How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions.
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  29.  6
    Marxism and Materialism: A Study in Marxist Theory of Knowledge.David-Hillel Ruben - 1977 - Science and Society 44 (3):360-363.
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  30. The Metaphysics of the Social World.David-Hillel Ruben - 1988 - Mind 97 (385):141-143.
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  31.  73
    Causal Scepticism or Invisible Cement.David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Ratio (Misc.) 24 (2):161.
    I defend the view, hardly original with me, that there is no evidence, deductive or non-deductive, for any of our causal beliefs, that does not already assume that there are some causal connections, and hence that there is no way in which experience on its own, or with causalität-free principles, can support the structure of out causal knowledge. The deductive case is perhaps obvious. In the case of non-deductive arguments, I consider how experience of constant conjunctions, together with the employment (...)
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  32. Simple Attentive Miscalculation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1992 - Analysis 52 (3):184-190.
  33.  73
    Social Wholes and Parts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1983 - Mind 92 (366):219-238.
    To what extend can genuinely mereological considerations apply to talk of wholes and parts in discussions of the relationship between individual persons and the social groups, etc. to which they belong?
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  34.  20
    Realism in the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1989 - In Hilary Lawson & Lisa Appignanesi (eds.), Dismantling Truth. Weidenfeld.
    To what extend do the standard tests for realism, say in the philosophy of mind, apply to the social sciences?
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  35.  97
    Lewis and the Problem of Causal Sufficiency.David-Hillel Ruben - 1980 - Analysis 41 (1):38-41.
    Lewis' counterfactual account of deterministic causation has no way in which to represent causal sufficiency. In the case in which the cause and effect actually occur, the conditional, c box-arrow e is trivially true, equivalent to the material conditional. Yet in deterministic causation, one needs a notion of causal sufficiency that is stronger than that.
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  36. Review of Natural Agency. [REVIEW]David-Hillel Ruben - 1991 - Mind (2):287-290.
  37. Act Individuation: The Cambridge Theory.David-Hillel Ruben - 1999 - Analysis 59 (4):276–283.
  38. Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 185 (3):379-380.
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  39.  40
    One-Particularism in the Theory of Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (11):2677-2694.
    In this paper, I intend to introduce what I think is a novel proposal in the metaphysics of action: one-particularism. In order to do so, I must first explain two ideas: a concept in the semantics of English that many philosophers of action take to be of great importance in action theory, causative alternation; and the idea of an intrinsic event. By attempting to understand the role that intrinsic events are meant to play in action theory, I then introduce my (...)
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  40.  31
    Philosophy of the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1998 - In A. GraylingOxford University Press (ed.), Philosophy: A Guide Through the Subject vol. 2.
    Book synopsis: This is the first volume of a two-volume introduction to and guide through philosophy. It is intended to orientate, assist, and stimulate the reader at every stage in the study of the subject. Eleven extended essays have been specially commissioned from leading philosophers; each surveys a major area of the subject and offers an accessible but sophisticated account of the main debates. An extended introduction maps out the philosophical terrain and explains how the different subjects relate to each (...)
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  41.  9
    Mental Overpopulation and the Problem of Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:511-524.
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  42. The Metaphysics of the Social World.David-Hillel Ruben - 1987 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 38 (1):127-132.
     
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  43.  26
    Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):130-149.
  44.  27
    II—Social Properties and Their Basis.David-Hillel Ruben - 1984 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 85 (1):23-46.
  45. Tacit Promising.David-Hillel Ruben - 1972 - Ethics 83 (1):71-79.
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  46.  11
    From Rousseau to Lenin: Studies in Ideology and Science.David-Hillel Ruben, Lucio Colletti, John Merrington & Judith White - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):377.
  47.  60
    Epistemological Empiricism: The Duality of Beliefs and Experiences Reconsidered.David-Hillel Ruben - 1976 - The Monist 59 (July):392-403.
    The empiricist theory of epistemological warrant is not without its attractions. If our beliefs are to be more than “hypothetical”, if they are to be beliefs about our world, then surely at some point our beliefs must be warranted by and anchored to the world by our experience. If our beliefs were not so anchored by our experience, then—to switch metaphors now with C.I. Lewis—“… the whole system of such would provide no better assurance of anything in it than that (...)
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  48.  22
    Explanation in the Social Sciences: Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences*: David-Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:95-117.
    Are explanations in the social sciences fundamentally different from explanations in the natural sciences? Many philosophers think that they are, and I call such philosophers ‘difference theorists’. Many difference theorists locate that difference in the alleged fact that only in the natural sciences does explanation essentially include laws.
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  49.  24
    The Thought of Karl Marx: An Introduction.David-Hillel Ruben & David McLellan - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (90):79.
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  50.  16
    Marxism and Dialectics.David-Hillel Ruben - 1979 - In J. Mepham & David-Hillel Ruben (eds.), Issues In Marxist Philosophy, vol. 1. Harvester.
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