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David-Hillel Ruben
Birkbeck College
  1. Explaining Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Routledge.
    This book introduces readers to the topic of explanation. The insights of Plato, Aristotle, J.S. Mill and Carl Hempel are examined, and are used to argue against the view that explanation is merely a problem for the philosophy of science. Having established its importance for understanding knowledge in general, the book concludes with a bold and original explanation of explanation.
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  2.  24
    Varieties of Social Explanation: An Introduction to the Philosophy of Social Science.David-Hillel Ruben & Daniel Little - 1993 - Philosophical Review 102 (1):120.
  3. Traditions and True Successors.David-Hillel Ruben - 2013 - Social Epistemology 27 (1):32 - 46.
    What constitutes numerically one and the same tradition diachronically, at different times? This question is the focus of often violent dispute in societies. Is it capable of a rational resolution? Many accounts attempt that resolution with a diagnosis of ambiguity of the disputed concept-Islam, Marxism, or democracy for example. The diagnosis offered is in terms of vagueness, namely the vague criteria for sameness or similarity of central beliefs and practices.
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  4. A Conditional Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2016 - Philosophical Studies 173 (1):271-287.
    What I shall do in this paper is to propose an analysis of ‘Agent P tries to A’ in terms of a subjunctive conditional, that avoids some of the problems that beset most alternative accounts of trying, which I call ‘referential views’. They are so-named because on these alternative accounts, ‘P tries to A’ entails that there is a trying to A by P, and therefore the expression ‘P’s trying to A’ can occur in the subject of a sentence and (...)
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  5.  87
    Explaining Contrastive Facts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1987 - Analysis 47 (1):35-37.
  6. The Physical Action Theory of Trying.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Methode 4 (6).
    Metaphysically speaking, just what is trying? There appear to be two options: to place it on the side of the mind or on the side of the world. Volitionists, who think that to try is to engage in a mental act, perhaps identical to willing and perhaps not, take the mind-side option. The second, or world-side option identifies trying to do something with one of the more basic actions by which one tries to do that thing. The trying is then (...)
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  7. W.B. Gallie and Essentially Contested Concepts.David-Hillel Ruben - 2010 - Philosophical Papers 39 (2):257-270.
    In virtue of what are later and an earlier group members of one and the numerically same tradition? Gallie was one of the few philosophers to have engaged with issues surrounding this question. My article is not a faithful exegesis of Gallie but develops a terminology in which to discuss issues surrounding the numerical identity of a tradition over time, based on some of his insights.
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  8. Disjunctive Theories of Perception and Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2008 - In Adrian Haddock & Fiona Macpherson (eds.), Disjunctivism: Perception, Action, Knowledge. Oxford University Press. pp. 227--243.
    A comparison of disjunctive theories of action and perception. The development of a theory of action that warrants the name, a disjunctive theory. On this theory, there is an exclusive disjunction: either an action or an event (in one sense). It follows that in that sense basic actions do not have events intrinsic to them.
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  9.  91
    Trying in Some Way.David-Hillel Ruben - 2013 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 91 (4):719-733.
    Does 'Person P tried to A' entail that there is some particular, whether a mental act or a brain state or whatever, that is a trying? Most discussions of trying assume that this entailment holds. There is no good reason for holding that this is a valid inference. In particular, I examine one 'Davidsonian' argument that might be used to justify the validity of such an inference and argue that the argument is not sound. See: http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/IxsuPqt7rvdzqMxpFiTv/full.
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  10.  34
    John Searle’s The Construction of Social Reality.David-Hillel Ruben - 1997 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 57 (2):443-447.
  11.  84
    Action and its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    David-Hillel Ruben mounts a defence of some unusual and original positions in the philosophy of action. Written from a point of view out of sympathy with the assumptions of much of contemporary philosophical action theory, his book draws its inspiration from philosophers as diverse as Aristotle, Berkeley, and Marx. Ruben 's work is located in the tradition of the metaphysics of action, and will attract much attention from his peers and from students in the field.
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  12. The Metaphysics of the Social World.David-Hillel Ruben - 1988 - Mind 97 (385):141-143.
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  13.  83
    Social Wholes and Parts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1983 - Mind 92 (366):219-238.
    To what extend can genuinely mereological considerations apply to talk of wholes and parts in discussions of the relationship between individual persons and the social groups, etc. to which they belong?
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  14.  70
    A Counterfactual Theory of Causal Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1994 - Noûs 28 (4):465-481.
  15. Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben (ed.) - 1993 - Oxford University Press.
    The aim of this series is to bring together important recent writings in major areas of philosophical inquiry, selected from a variety of sources, mostly periodicals, which may not be conveniently available to the university student or the general reader. The editor of each volume contributes an introductory essay on the items chosen and on the questions with which they deal. A selective bibliography is appended as a guide to further reading. This volume presents a selection of the most important (...)
     
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  16.  10
    Marxism and Materialism: A Study in Marxist Theory of Knowledge.David-Hillel Ruben - 1977 - Science and Society 44 (3):360-363.
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  17.  55
    Mental Overpopulation and the Problem of Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:111-124.
  18.  48
    A Puzzle About Posthumous Predication.David-Hillel Ruben - 1988 - Philosophical Review 97 (2):211-236.
  19.  7
    Explaining Contrastive Facts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1986 - Analysis 46 (4):35-37.
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  20. Con-Reasons as Causes.David-Hillel Ruben - 2009 - In Constantine Sandis (ed.), New Essays on the Explanation of Action. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 62--74.
    Book synopsis: This collection of previously unpublished essays presents the newest developments in the thought of international scholars working on the explanation of action. The contributions focus on a wide range of interlocking issues relating to agency, deliberation, motivation, mental causation, teleology, interprative explanation and the ontology of actions and their reasons. Challenging numerous current orthodoxies, and offering positive suggestions from a variety of different perspectives, this book provides essential reading for anyone interested in the explanation of action.
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  21.  28
    Realism in the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1989 - In Hilary Lawson & Lisa Appignanesi (eds.), Dismantling Truth. Weidenfeld.
  22.  14
    From Rousseau to Lenin: Studies in Ideology and Science.David-Hillel Ruben, Lucio Colletti, John Merrington & Judith White - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (93):377.
  23. Lewis and the Problem of Causal Sufficiency.David-Hillel Ruben - 1980 - Analysis 41 (1):38-41.
    Lewis' counterfactual account of deterministic causation has no way in which to represent causal sufficiency. In the case in which the cause and effect actually occur, the conditional, c box-arrow e is trivially true, equivalent to the material conditional. Yet in deterministic causation, one needs a notion of causal sufficiency that is stronger than that.
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  24. The Causal and Deliberative Strength of Reasons for Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 2010 - In J. Aguilar & A. Buckareff (eds.), Causing Human Actions: New Perspectives on the Causal Theory of Action. Bradford.
    Is the thought that having a reason for action can also be the cause of the action for which it is the reason coherent? This is an attempt to say exactly what is involved in such a thought, with special reference to the case of con-reasons, reasons that count against the action the agent eventually choses.
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  25. The Existence of Social Entities.David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Philosophical Quarterly 32 (129):295-310.
  26.  10
    Mental Overpopulation and the Problem of Action.David-Hillel Ruben - 1995 - Journal of Philosophical Research 20:511-524.
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  27. Marxism and Materialism: A Study in Marxist Theory of Knowledge.David-Hillel Ruben - 1979 - Humanities Press.
    Argument that Marx has a realist ontology and a correspondence theory of truth. His views are compared to both Hegel's and Kant's. This interpretation departs from more Hegelian, 'idealist' interpretations that often rely on misunderstanding some of the work of the early Marx. There is also a discussion and partial defence of Lenin's Materialism and Empirio-Criticism.
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  28.  31
    II—Social Properties and Their Basis.David-Hillel Ruben - 1985 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 85 (1):23-46.
  29. Issues in Marxist Philosophy.John Mepham & David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Studies in Soviet Thought 24 (3):227-229.
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  30.  25
    The Thought of Karl Marx: An Introduction.David-Hillel Ruben & David McLellan - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (90):79.
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  31. Review: H Ow We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions. [REVIEW]David-Hillel Ruben - 2005 - Mind 114 (455):734-737.
    A review of Berent Enc's How We Act: Causes, Reasons, and Intentions.
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  32. Act Individuation: The Cambridge Theory.David-Hillel Ruben - 1999 - Analysis 59 (4):276–283.
  33.  27
    Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):130-149.
  34. Tacit Promising.David-Hillel Ruben - 1972 - Ethics 83 (1):71-79.
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  35.  25
    Explanation in the Social Sciences: Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences*: David-Hillel Ruben.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:95-117.
    Are explanations in the social sciences fundamentally different from explanations in the natural sciences? Many philosophers think that they are, and I call such philosophers ‘difference theorists’. Many difference theorists locate that difference in the alleged fact that only in the natural sciences does explanation essentially include laws.
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  36.  25
    The Thought of Karl Marx: An Introduction. [REVIEW]David-Hillel Ruben - 1973 - Philosophical Quarterly 23 (90):79-81.
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  37. The Metaphysics of the Social World.David-Hillel Ruben - 1985 - London: Routledge & Kegan Paul.
    An analysis of the theses of social holism and individualism, and arguments for the metaphysical integrity and irreducibility of both social properties and social entities. The last chapter discusses explanation in social science.
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  38. Causal Scepticism.David-Hillel Ruben - 1982 - Ratio (2):161-172.
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  39.  2
    Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences in The Philosophy of the Human Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 15 (1):130-149.
  40.  13
    Explanation in the Social Sciences: Singular Explanation and the Social Sciences.David-Hillel Ruben - 1990 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 27:95-117.
    Are explanations in the social sciences fundamentally different from explanations in the natural sciences? Many philosophers think that they are, and I call such philosophers ‘difference theorists’. Many difference theorists locate that difference in the alleged fact that only in the natural sciences does explanation essentially include laws.
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  41.  5
    Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 1998 - In E. Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Abingdon, UK: Routledge.
    Book synopsis: The Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy is the most ambitious international philosophy project in many years. Edited by Edward Craig and assisted by thirty specialist subject editors, the REP consists of ten volumes of the world's most eminent philosophers writing for the needs of students and teachers of philosophy internationally. The REP is a project on an unparalleled scale.
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  42.  4
    Marxism.David-Hillel Ruben - 1994 - In Ernest Sosa (ed.), A Companion to Metaphysics. Blackwell.
    Book synopsis: A Companion to Metaphysics provides a survey of the whole of metaphysics and includes articles by many of the most distinguished scholars in the field.
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  43.  24
    Philosophy of Economics By C. Dyke Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1981, 184 + Viii Pp., £5.15.David-Hillel Ruben - 1981 - Philosophy 56 (218):582-.
  44. Beyond Supervenience and Construction.David-Hillel Ruben - 2015 - Journal of Social Ontology 1 (1):121-141.
    If reduction of the social to the physical fail, what options remain for understanding their relationship? Two such options are supervenience and constructivism. Both are vitiated by a similar fault. So the choices are limited: reduction after all, or emergence.
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  45. Issues in Marxist Philosophy, Vols. 1, 2, and 3. Vol. 4, 1981.John Mepham & David-Hillel Ruben (eds.) - 1979 - Harvester Press.
    -- v. 2. Materialism -- v.4. Social and political philosophy.
     
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  46. Issues In Marxist Philosophy, Vol. 1.J. Mepham & David-Hillel Ruben (eds.) - 1979 - Harvester.
     
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  47.  7
    Action and Its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben - 2003 - Duke University Press.
    an examination of both the causal theory of action and the agent causalist theory, and a proposal for a third alternative.
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  48. Action and Its Explanation.David-Hillel Ruben & G. F. Schueler - 2005 - Philosophical Quarterly 55 (218):139-142.
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  49.  42
    Actions and Their Parts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1999 - In The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy. pp. 73-80.
    Do all actions have parts, and, if so, are their parts also actions? If they have parts, are there basic parts of actions which themselves have no further parts?
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  50.  45
    Actions and Their Parts.David-Hillel Ruben - 1999 - The Proceedings of the Twentieth World Congress of Philosophy 1999:73-80.
    The Causal Theory of Action (CTA) is the view that x is person p’s token action if x is a movement of p’s body caused in the right way by p’s mental states which rationalise x. But there seem to be many actions which are part of a ‘larger’ action, like some particular movement executed in shaving, which are preceded by nosuch rationalising mental states. To cover these cases, the amended CTA says that some item x is a person p’s (...)
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