Results for 'Deborah Myers'

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  1.  47
    Misrepresentation and Referential Confusion: Children's Difficulty with False Beliefs and Outdated Photographs.Josef Perner, Susan R. Leekam, Deborah Myers, Shalini Davis & Nicola Odgers - manuscript
    Three and 4-year-old children were tested on matched versions of Zaitchik's (1990) photo task and Wimmer and Perner's (1983) false belief task. Although replicating Zaitchik's finding that false belief and photo task are of equal difficulty, this applied only to mean performance across subjects and no substantial correlation between the two tasks was found. This suggests that the two tasks tap different intellectual abilities. It was further discovered that children's performance can be improved by drawing their attention to the back (...)
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  2. Individualism: The Cultural Logic of Modernity.Nancy Armstrong, Deborah Cook, James Cruise, Lisa Eck, Megan Heffernan, David Jenemann, Nigel Joseph, Tom McCall, Lucy McNeece, JoAnne Myers, Julie Orlemanski, Jonathon Penny, Dale Shin, Vivasvan Soni, Frederick Turner & Philip Weinstein - 2011 - Lexington Books.
    Individualism: The Cultural Logic of Modernity is an edited collection of sixteen essays on the idea of the modern sovereign individual in the western cultural tradition. Reconsidering the eighteenth-century realist novel, twentieth-century modernism, and underappreciated topics on individualism and literature, this volume provocatively revises and enriches our understanding of individualism as the generative premise of modernity itself.
     
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  3. The Vivisection Problem, a Controversy Between C.S. Myers and A. Leffingwell.Charles Samuel Myers & Albert Leffingwell - 1907
     
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  4. Notes on the Just War Theory: Whose Justice, Which Wars?Robert J. Myers - 1996 - Ethics and International Affairs 10:115–130.
    Dr. Myers challenges the legitimacy of the traditional concept of the "just war," revived during the Vietnam War and with the publication of Michael Walzer's Just and Unjust Wars in 1977.
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  5. Slavoj Žižek.Tony Myers - 2003 - Routledge.
    Slavoj Zizek is no ordinary philosopher. Approaching critical theory and psychoanalysis in a recklessly entertaining fashion, Zizek's critical eye alights upon a bewildering and exhilarating range of subjects, from the political apathy of contemporary life, to a joke about the man who thinks he's a chicken, from the ethicial heroism of Keanu Reeves in speed , to what toilet designs reveal about the national psyche. Tony Myers provides a clear and engaging guide to Zizek's key ideas, explaining the main (...)
     
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  6.  6
    Self-Governance and Cooperation.Liam Murphy & Robert H. Myers - 2001 - Philosophical Review 110 (4):609.
    Self-Governance and Cooperation offers solutions to two fundamental problems in moral philosophy, one concerning the nature and requirements of morality and the other the nature and requirements of practical reason. Robert Myers’s achievement is not just that his solutions are original and plausible, but that his arguments acknowledge and demonstrate the need to approach the problems as an inseparable pair. Philosophical tradition tells us that questions about the content of morality cannot be answered in isolation from questions about its (...)
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  7.  59
    Hans Morgenthau's Realism and American Foreign Policy.Robert J. Myers - 1997 - Ethics and International Affairs 11:253–270.
    Analyzing Morgenthau's Politics Among Nations, Myers provides a point-by-point discussion of his theory, concluding that the relevance of realism will be seen particularly in the search for a new balance of power in the post-Cold War world.
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  8.  19
    The Carnegie Poll on Values in American Foreign Policy.Robert J. Myers - 1989 - Ethics and International Affairs 3:297–301.
    In a brief summary of a poll conducted by the Carnegie Council, Myers outlines the American public's views on issues ranging from foreign policy/peace issues to economic security, defense, and human rights.
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  9.  14
    The End of the Hermit Kingdom.Robert J. Myers - 1988 - Ethics and International Affairs 2:99–114.
    The election of Roh Tae Woo marked the beginning of a new stage in Korean politics: "the period of Korean-style democracy." Myers follows events leading up to this change and predicts a less threatening, less Confucian politics for the Korea of the future.
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  10. Donald Davidson’s Triangulation Argument: A Philosophical Inquiry.Robert H. Myers & Claudine Verheggen - 2016 - Routledge.
    According to many commentators, Davidson’s earlier work on philosophy of action and truth-theoretic semantics is the basis for his reputation, and his later forays into broader metaphysical and epistemological issues, and eventually into what became known as the triangulation argument, are much less successful. This book by two of his former students aims to change that perception. In Part One, Verheggen begins by providing an explanation and defense of the triangulation argument, then explores its implications for questions concerning semantic normativity (...)
     
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  11. Resisting History: Historicism and its Discontents in German-Jewish Thought.David N. Myers - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    Nineteenth-century European thought, especially in Germany, was increasingly dominated by a new historicist impulse to situate every event, person, or text in its particular context. At odds with the transcendent claims of philosophy and--more significantly--theology, historicism came to be attacked by its critics for reducing human experience to a series of disconnected moments, each of which was the product of decidedly mundane, rather than sacred, origins. By the late nineteenth century and into the Weimar period, historicism was seen by many (...)
     
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  12.  17
    Self Governance and Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 1999 - Oxford University Press.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism. He puts forward a radically new case for the existence of both agent-neutral and agent-relative values, and gives an innovative answer to the question how such disparate values can be weighed against each other. The result is a theory of morality which combines a balanced account of its content with a ringing affirmation of its authority.
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  13. Self-Governance & Cooperation.Robert H. Myers - 2003 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 66 (2):498-501.
    Robert Myers presents an original moral theory which charts a course between the extremes of consequentialism and contractualism, portraying morality not simply as a matter of promoting the overall good but rather as a matter of cooperating in its promotion. This gives him answers to two of the most vexing questions in moral philosophy: how can increasing general welfare and respecting individual rights be equally fundamental features of moral activity, and what gives morality's demands their special character of inescapability?
     
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  14. Worldly Ethics: Democratic Politics and Care for the World.Ella Myers - 2013 - Duke University Press.
    What is the spirit that animates collective action? What is the ethos of democracy? _Worldly Ethics _offers a powerful and original response to these questions, arguing that associative democratic politics, in which citizens join together and struggle to shape shared conditions, requires a world-centered ethos. This distinctive ethos, Ella Myers shows, involves care for "worldly things," which are the common and contentious objects of concern around which democratic actors mobilize. In articulating the meaning of worldly ethics, she reveals the (...)
     
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  15.  57
    Ethics Consultation in United States Hospitals: A National Survey.Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert A. Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):13 – 25.
    Context: Although ethics consultation is commonplace in United States (U.S.) hospitals, descriptive data about this health service are lacking. Objective: To describe the prevalence, practitioners, and processes of ethics consultation in U.S. hospitals. Design: A 56-item phone or questionnaire survey of the "best informant" within each hospital. Participants: Random sample of 600 U.S. general hospitals, stratified by bed size. Results: The response rate was 87.4%. Ethics consultation services (ECSs) were found in 81% of all general hospitals in the U.S., and (...)
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  16.  42
    Towards an Understanding of Ethical Behaviour in Small Firms.S. Vyakarnam, Andrew R. Bailey, A. Myers & D. Burnett - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (15):1625-1636.
    Allthough small business accounts for over 90% of businesses in U.K. and indeed elsewhere, they remain the largely uncharted area of ethics. There has not been any research based on the perspective of small business owners, to define what echical delemmas they face and how, if at all, they resolve them. This paper explores ethics from the perspective of small business owner, using focus groups and reports on four clearly identifiable themes of ethical delemmas; entrepreneurial activity itself, conflicts of personal (...)
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  17.  95
    Interactive Team Cognition.Nancy J. Cooke, Jamie C. Gorman, Christopher W. Myers & Jasmine L. Duran - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (2):255-285.
    Cognition in work teams has been predominantly understood and explained in terms of shared cognition with a focus on the similarity of static knowledge structures across individual team members. Inspired by the current zeitgeist in cognitive science, as well as by empirical data and pragmatic concerns, we offer an alternative theory of team cognition. Interactive Team Cognition (ITC) theory posits that (1) team cognition is an activity, not a property or a product; (2) team cognition should be measured and studied (...)
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  18.  33
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project: Preliminary Notes From a Pilot Project to Establish Quality Measures for Ethics Consultation.M. Swiderski Deborah, M. Ettinger Katharine, Nancy Mayris Webber & N. Dubler - 2010 - HEC Forum 22 (1):65-72.
    The Clinical Ethics Credentialing Project (CECP) was intiated in 2007 in response to the lack of uniform standards for both the training of clinical ethics consultants, and for evaluating their work as consultants. CECP participants, all practicing clinical ethics consultants, met monthly to apply a standard evaluation instrument, the “QI tool”, to their consultation notes. This paper describes, from a qualitative perspective, how participants grappled with applying standards to their work. Although the process was marked by resistance and disagreement, it (...)
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  19.  27
    William James: His LIfe and Thought.Gerald Myers - 1986 - Yale University Press.
  20. Moral Progress: A Process Critique of MacIntyre (Review).William T. Myers - 2001 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 15 (3):253-256.
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  21. Fundamentals of Experimental Design.Jerome L. Myers - 1972 - Boston: Allyn & Bacon.
  22.  30
    Game as Paradox: A Rebuttal of Suits.David Myers - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 39 (1):155-168.
    Here I examine Bernard Suits?s definition of games and explain why that definition is in need of reference to representation or, put more generally, to semiosis. And, once admitting the necessity of the representational in games, Suits?s definition must also then admit the essential paradoxy of games.
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  23.  14
    Response to Open Peer Commentaries on "Ethics Consultation in U.S. Hospitals: A National Survey".Ellen Fox, Sarah Myers & Robert Pearlman - 2007 - American Journal of Bioethics 7 (2):1-3.
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  24. New York Branch of the American Psychological Association.Robert A. Cummins, G. C. Myers, E. L. Cornell, A. I. Gates & A. T. Poffenberger - 1918 - Journal of Philosophy, Psychology and Scientific Methods 15 (5):130-134.
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  25.  23
    The Silent Majority: Who Speaks at IRB Meetings.Philip J. Candilis, Charles W. Lidz, Paul S. Appelbaum, Robert M. Arnold, William P. Gardner, Suzanne Myers, Albert J. Grudzinskas Jr & Lorna J. Simon - 2012 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 34 (4):15-20.
    Institutional review boards are almost universally considered to be overworked and understaffed. They also require substantial commitments of time and resources from their members. Although some surveys report average IRB memberships of 15 people or more, federal regulations require only five. We present data on IRB meetings at eight of the top 25 academic medical centers in the United States funded by the National Institutes of Health. These data indicate substantial contributions from primary reviewers and chairs during protocol discussions but (...)
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  26.  52
    Extrapolating Human Probability Judgment.Daniel Osherson, Edward E. Smith, Tracy S. Myers, Eldar Shafir & Michael Stob - 1994 - Theory and Decision 36 (2):103-129.
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  27.  38
    Every Picture Tells a Story: Illustrations in E.O. Wilson's Sociobiology. [REVIEW]Greg Myers - 1988 - Human Studies 11 (2-3):235 - 269.
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  28. The Vivisection Problem: A Personal Explanation.Charles S. Myers - 1906 - International Journal of Ethics 16 (2):235.
  29. Perceptual Events, States, and Processes.Charles Mason Myers - 1962 - Philosophy of Science 29 (July):285-291.
    The notion that there is a category mistake or some other conceptual confusion in regarding seeing, hearing, and other forms of perception as events, states, or processes is incorrect. Ryle's analysis of "seeing" as an achievement word does not rule out our regarding seeing as an event, but in fact suggests that we do so when we carry the analysis beyond the point where Ryle leaves it. Furthermore there are uses of "see" not noticed by Ryle which justify our saying (...)
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  30. New Books. [REVIEW]J. C., C. S. Myers, Helen Wodehouse, J. W. Scott, John Edgar & B. A. - 1910 - Mind 19 (73):125-136.
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  31. Perception and the Sentience Hypothesis.Gerald E. Myers - 1963 - Mind 72 (January):111-120.
  32.  45
    Neonatal Viability in the 1990s: Held Hostage by Technology.Jonathan Muraskas, Patricia A. Marshall, Paul Tomich, Thomas F. Myers, John G. Gianopoulos & David C. Thomasma - 1999 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 8 (2):160-170.
    The emergence of new obstetrical and neonatal technologies, as well as more aggressive clinical management, has significantly improved the survival of extremely low birth weight infants. This development has heightened concerns about the limits of viability. ELBW infants, weighing less than 1,000 grams and no larger than the palm of one's hand, are often described as of late twentieth century technology. Improved survivability of ELBW infants has provided opportunities for long-term follow-up. Information on their physical and emotional development contributes to (...)
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  33. Śaṅkarācārya and Ānanda.Michael W. Myers - 1998 - Philosophy East and West 48 (4):553-567.
    This essay defends the view of G. C. Pande that, contrary to received opinion, "ānanda" (bliss, felicity) is accepted by Śaṅkara (ca. 788-820) as a feature of Brahman consistent with and parallel to sat (being) and cit (consciousness). It also includes a counterargument by B. N. K. Sharma, and in conclusion offers a reasoned judgment of the arguments of Śaṅkara and these two contemporary philosophers.
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  34. The Social Psychology of Sustainability.David Myers - 2003 - World Futures 59 (3 & 4):201 – 211.
    The earth cannot support humanity's increasing population and consumption. Concerned scientists and citizens are therefore wondering how we might work toward a sustainable, survivable human future. Sustainability involves increased technological efficiency and agricultural productivity, but also incentives and attitudes that moderate consumption. Social psychology contributes to changing attitudes and behavior with evidence that a) materialism exacts psychic as well as environmental costs, and b) economic growth has failed to improve human morale. Two principles-the adaptation level phenomenon and social comparison-help explain (...)
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  35. Vitalism: A Brief Historical and Critical Review.Charles S. Myers - 1900 - Mind 9 (34):218-233.
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  36.  43
    Finding Value in Davidson.Robert H. Myers - 2004 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 34 (1):107 - 136.
    Can an effective argument against scepticism about objective values be modelled on Donald Davidson’s familiar argument against scepticism about external things?
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  37.  32
    The Ethics of Aggregation and Hormone Replacement Therapy.Anne Drapkin Lyerly, Evan R. Myers & Ruth R. Faden - 2001 - Health Care Analysis 9 (2):187-211.
    The use of aggregated quality of life estimatesin the formation of public policy and practiceguidelines raises concerns about the moralrelevance of variability in values inpreferences for health care. This variabilitymay reflect unique and deeply held beliefs thatmay be lost when averaged with the preferencesof other individuals. Feminist moral theorieswhich argue for attention to context andparticularity underline the importance ofascertaining the extent to which differences inpreferences for health states revealinformation which is morally relevant toclinicians and policymakers. To facilitatethese considerations, we present (...)
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  38. Experimentation on Emotion.Charles S. Myers - 1901 - Mind 10 (37):114-115.
  39. Professor Wundt on Hypnotism and Suggestion.Frederic W. H. Myers - 1893 - Mind 2 (5):95-101.
  40.  86
    Pharisaism and Values in Art.E. G. Lanuza & R. Myers - 1971 - Diogenes 19 (76):26-45.
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  41.  75
    Introspection and Self-Knowledge.Gerald E. Myers - 1986 - American Philosophical Quarterly 23 (April):199-207.
    Since locke, introspection has been generally defined as a form of observation. this is true, for example, of the classical tradition in psychology exemplified by wundt and titchener. recent experimental work by cognitive psychologists continues to treat introspection as a mode of observation while denying its alleged success in identifying cognitive processes. besides psychologists, philosophers such as james, ryle, and quinton are discussed, and they, too, define introspection as a type of observation analogous to perception. the present article calls attention (...)
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  42.  33
    Alan G. Gross, Joseph E. Harmon, and Michael Reidy,Communicating Science: The Scientific Article From the Seventeenth Century to the Present. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002. [REVIEW]Greg Myers - 2003 - Metascience 12 (3):374-377.
  43. Perception and the 'Time-Lag' Argument.Gerald E. Myers - 1957 - Analysis 17 (April):97-102.
  44.  47
    The New England Mind.Andrew B. Myers - 1954 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 29 (3):454-455.
  45.  80
    Enthusiastic Improvement: Mary Astell and Damaris Masham on Sociability.Joanne E. Myers - 2013 - Hypatia 28 (3):533-550.
    Many commentators have contrasted the way that sociability is theorized in the writings of Mary Astell and Damaris Masham, emphasizing the extent to which Masham is more interested in embodied, worldly existence. I argue, by contrast, that Astell's own interest in imagining a constitutively relational individual emerges once we pay attention to her use of religious texts and tropes. To explore the relevance of Astell's Christianity, I emphasize both how Astell's Christianity shapes her view of the individual's relation to society (...)
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  46.  89
    William James on Time Perception.Gerald E. Myers - 1971 - Philosophy of Science 38 (September):353-360.
    James argued that time is a sensation, and the main point of this paper is to deny that claim. The concept of the specious present is explained, indicating how it clarifies the concept of "the present moment." But neither it nor an argument used by Mach and James show time to be a sensation. The analysis presented here requires distinguishing concepts of sensation from concepts of temporal relations. James' view is really a theory that time-as-duration is sensed. But this assumes (...)
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  47.  64
    William James's Theory of Emotion.Gerald E. Myers - 1969 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 5 (2):67-89.
  48.  11
    Meeting Newell's Other Challenge: Cognitive Architectures as the Basis for Cognitive Engineering.Wayne D. Gray, Michael J. Schoelles & Christopher W. Myers - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (5):609-610.
    We use the Newell Test as a basis for evaluating ACT-R as an effective architecture for cognitive engineering. Of the 12 functional criteria discussed by Anderson & Lebiere (A&L), we discuss the strengths and weaknesses of ACT-R on the six that we postulate are the most relevant to cognitive engineering.
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  49.  35
    The Future of Education.E. D. Myers - 1944 - Thought: Fordham University Quarterly 19 (4):707-709.
  50.  12
    Analytical Thought Experiments.C. Mason Myers - 1986 - Metaphilosophy 17 (2-3):109-118.
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