Results for 'Deborrah Howes'

94 found
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  1.  42
    He Thinks He Knows: And More Developmental Evidence Against the Simulation (Role Taking) Theory.Josef Perner & Deborrah Howes - 1992 - Mind and Language 7 (1-2):72-86.
  2.  28
    Computational Rationality: Linking Mechanism and Behavior Through Bounded Utility Maximization.Richard L. Lewis, Andrew Howes & Satinder Singh - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):279-311.
    We propose a framework for including information-processing bounds in rational analyses. It is an application of bounded optimality (Russell & Subramanian, 1995) to the challenges of developing theories of mechanism and behavior. The framework is based on the idea that behaviors are generated by cognitive mechanisms that are adapted to the structure of not only the environment but also the mind and brain itself. We call the framework computational rationality to emphasize the incorporation of computational mechanism into the definition of (...)
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  3.  1
    Rational Adaptation Under Task and Processing Constraints: Implications for Testing Theories of Cognition and Action.Andrew Howes, Richard L. Lewis & Alonso Vera - 2009 - Psychological Review 116 (4):717-751.
  4.  27
    Utility Maximization and Bounds on Human Information Processing.Andrew Howes, Richard L. Lewis & Satinder Singh - 2014 - Topics in Cognitive Science 6 (2):198-203.
    Utility maximization is a key element of a number of theoretical approaches to explaining human behavior. Among these approaches are rational analysis, ideal observer theory, and signal detection theory. While some examples of these approaches define the utility maximization problem with little reference to the bounds imposed by the organism, others start with, and emphasize approaches in which bounds imposed by the information processing architecture are considered as an explicit part of the utility maximization problem. These latter approaches are the (...)
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  5.  4
    “Well, That's One Way”: Interactivity in Parsing and Production.Christine Howes, Patrick Gt Healey, Arash Eshghi & Julian Hough - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (4):359-359.
    We present empirical evidence from dialogue that challenges some of the key assumptions in the Pickering & Garrod (P&G) model of speaker-hearer coordination in dialogue. The P&G model also invokes an unnecessarily complex set of mechanisms. We show that a computational implementation, currently in development and based on a simpler model, can account for more of this type of dialogue data.
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  6.  63
    Managing Salience: The Importance of Intellectual Virtue in Analyses of Biased Scientific Reasoning.Moira Howes - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (4):736-754.
    Feminist critiques of science show that systematic biases strongly influence what scientific communities find salient. Features of reality relevant to women, for instance, may be under-appreciated or disregarded because of bias. Many feminist analyses of values in science identify problems with salience and suggest better epistemologies. But overlooked in such analyses are important discussions about intellectual virtues and the role they play in determining salience. Intellectual virtues influence what we should find salient. They do this in part by managing the (...)
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  7. Maternal Agency and the Immunological Paradox of Pregnancy.Moira Howes - 2007 - In Harold Kincaid & Jennifer McKitrick (eds.), Establishing Medical Reality: Essays in the Metaphysics and Epistemology of Biomedical Science. Spinger.
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  8. Conceptualizing the Maternal-Fetal Relationship in Reproductive Immunology.Moira Howes - 2008 - In Kenton Kroker, Jennifer Keelan & Pauline Mazumdar (eds.), Crafting Immunity: Working Histories of Clinical Immunology. Ashgate.
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  9.  1
    The Adaptive User: An Investigation Into the Cognitive and Task Constraints on the Generation of New Methods.Suzanne C. Charman & Andrew Howes - 2003 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 9 (4):236.
  10.  39
    Useful Theories Make Predictions.Andrew Howes - 2012 - Topics in Cognitive Science 4 (1):84-86.
    Stephen and Van Orden (this issue) propose that there is a complex system approach to cognitive science, and collectively the authors of the papers presented in this issue believe that this approach provides the means to drive a revolution in the science of the mind. Unfortunately, however illuminating, this explanation is absent and hyperbole is all too extensive. In contrast, I argue (1) that dynamic systems theory is not new to cognitive science and does not provide a basis for a (...)
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  11.  60
    Identifying Optimum Performance Trade-Offs Using a Cognitively Bounded Rational Analysis Model of Discretionary Task Interleaving.Christian P. Janssen, Duncan P. Brumby, John Dowell, Nick Chater & Andrew Howes - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):123-139.
    We report the results of a dual-task study in which participants performed a tracking and typing task under various experimental conditions. An objective payoff function was used to provide explicit feedback on how participants should trade off performance between the tasks. Results show that participants’ dual-task interleaving strategy was sensitive to changes in the difficulty of the tracking task and resulted in differences in overall task performance. To test the hypothesis that people select strategies that maximize payoff, a Cognitively Bounded (...)
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  12.  33
    Beyond STS: A Research‐Based Framework for Socioscientific Issues Education.Dana L. Zeidler, Troy D. Sadler, Michael L. Simmons & Elaine V. Howes - 2005 - Science Education 89 (3):357-377.
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  13.  25
    Visual Duration Threshold as a Function of Word-Probability.Davis H. Howes & R. L. Solomon - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (6):401.
  14.  77
    A Critique of Folk, Popular and ‘Art’ Music.Frank Howes - 1962 - British Journal of Aesthetics 2 (3):239-248.
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  15.  12
    Challenging Fitness Ideology: Why an Adventurous Approach to Physical Activity is Better for Well-Being.Moira Howes - 2016 - Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 10 (2):132-147.
    In this paper, I argue that adventurous approaches to physical activity can contribute more to well-being than approaches that have been shaped by fitness ideology. To defend this claim, I draw on work in philosophy and psychology concerning internal goods and intrinsic motivation, respectively. This work shows that motivating ourselves intrinsically and cultivating the internal goods of physical activity can contribute significantly to well-being. Unfortunately, the discourse and images associated with fitness culture tend to undermine intrinsic motivation and the cultivation (...)
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  16.  8
    The Self of Philosophy and the Self of Immunology.Moira Howes - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (1):118-130.
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  17.  46
    Menstrual Function, Menstrual Suppression, and the Immunology of the Human Female Reproductive Tract.Moira Howes - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (1):16-30.
  18.  1
    Puzzling the Jesus of the Parables: A Response to Ruben Zimmermann.Llewellyn Howes - 2017 - Hts Theological Studies 73 (4):1-9.
    This article responds to Ruben Zimmermann's latest book, Puzzling the Parables of Jesus. In particular, one aspect of his proposed method is challenged, namely, his conscious attempt to do away with considerations of the pre-Easter context when interpreting the parables. The article finishes by proposing a variant methodology of parable interpretation, featuring the parable of the Good Samaritan as a working example.
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  19. WILLIAMS, B.: "Ethics and the Limits of Philosophy". [REVIEW]J. Howes - 1987 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 65:221.
     
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  20.  5
    Learning Consistent, Interactive, and Meaningful Task‐Action Mappings: A Computational Model.Andrew Howes & Richard M. Young - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20 (3):301-356.
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  21.  14
    More Than 8,192 Ways to Skin a Cat: Modeling Behavior in Multidimensional Strategy Spaces.Mason R. Smith, Richard L. Lewis, Andrew Howes, Alina Chu, Collin Green & Alonso Vera - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society.
  22.  15
    Terror in and Out of Power.Dustin Ells Howes - 2012 - European Journal of Political Theory 11 (1):25-58.
    This article explores the relationship between terror, power and the rule of law. First, tracing Burke’s use of the term terror back to ancient Greek usage, I argue that being terrified is incommensurable with the experience of acting together with others. In this way, terror and power are distinct. However, most acts of terror aim to terrify some people while inoculating others from terror. Witnesses to the terror of others may feel empowered by the destruction of the power of others. (...)
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  23.  3
    The Cultural Legacy of the First World War in Brazil: Roberto Simonsen and the Ideology of Development.Robert Howes - 2016 - Environment, Space, Place 8 (2):29-68.
    The article examines the impact of the First World War in Brazil through contemporary cartoons and press comment. It shows how the war disrupted trade and undermined the optimism of economic and political liberalism. The war dispelled the myth of the superiority of European civilisation, leading Brazilians to re-evaluate their own cultural heritage and their relationship with the outside world. The result was a critical nationalism concerned to identify the causes of Brazil’ problems and find new solutions to them. One (...)
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  24.  31
    Feminist Technology. Edited by Linda L. Layne, Sharra L. Vostral and Kate Boyer. Urbana, Chicago, and Springfield: University of Illinois Press, 2010. [REVIEW]Moira Howes - 2012 - Hypatia 27 (2):446-449.
  25.  2
    Early Childhood Memories: Accuracy and Affect.M. Howes, M. Siegel & F. Brown - 1993 - Cognition 47 (2):95-119.
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  26.  36
    "Rethinking" the Preface of the Tractatus.Bruce Howes - 2007 - Philosophical Investigations 30 (1):3–24.
    It is generally considered the case that an authorial preface is an author’s opportunity to give the reader a hand in interpreting the work he or she is about to read. It is strange then that the Preface to Wittgenstein’s Tractatus (1922) has often been overlooked. Max Black’s (1964) influential A Companion toWittgenstein’sTractatus, for example, passes over the Preface in silence. And even in the latest published edition of the so-called Prototractatus (1996), the Preface is the only part that appears (...)
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  27. Learning Consistent, Interactive and Meaningful Device Methods: A Computational Approach.A. Howes & R. M. Young - 1996 - Cognitive Science 20:301-356.
     
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  28.  13
    Creating Necessity: Well-Used Violence in the Thought of Machiavelli.Dustin Ells Howes - 2012 - Symploke 20 (1):183-207.
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  29.  1
    On the Interpretation of Word Frequency as a Variable Affecting Speed of Recognition.Davis Howes - 1954 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 48 (2):106.
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  30.  4
    Chaucer and Clothing: Clerical and Academic Costume in the General Prologue to "The Canterbury Tales"Laura F. Hodges.Laura L. Howes - 2006 - Speculum 81 (4):1209-1211.
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  31.  7
    Laura F. Hodges, Chaucer and Clothing: Clerical and Academic Costume in the General Prologue to “The Canterbury Tales.” (Chaucer Studies, 34.) Woodbridge, Eng., and Rochester, N.Y.: Boydell and Brewer, 2005. Pp. Xiv, 316 Plus 8 Color Plates; 16 Black-and-White Plates. $90. [REVIEW]Laura L. Howes - 2006 - Speculum 81 (4):1209-1211.
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  32.  1
    The Problem of Inclusion in Deliberative Environmental Valuation.Andrés Vargas, Alex Lo, Michael Howes & Nicholas Rohde - 2017 - Environmental Values 26 (2):157-176.
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  33.  7
    Conservative Democratic Thought and the War on Terror.Dustin Ells Howes - 2010 - Human Rights Review 11 (1):135-149.
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  34.  2
    Predicting Short‐Term Remembering as Boundedly Optimal Strategy Choice.Andrew Howes, Geoffrey B. Duggan, Kiran Kalidindi, Yuan‐Chi Tseng & Richard L. Lewis - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (5):1192-1223.
    It is known that, on average, people adapt their choice of memory strategy to the subjective utility of interaction. What is not known is whether an individual's choices are boundedly optimal. Two experiments are reported that test the hypothesis that an individual's decisions about the distribution of remembering between internal and external resources are boundedly optimal where optimality is defined relative to experience, cognitive constraints, and reward. The theory makes predictions that are tested against data, not fitted to it. The (...)
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  35.  5
    Hiccups: A New Explanation for the Mysterious Reflex.Daniel Howes - 2012 - Bioessays 34 (6):451-453.
  36. Mark Dooley, The Politics of Exodus: Søren Kierkegaard's Ethics of Responsibility Reviewed By.Bruce Howes - 2002 - Philosophy in Review 22 (4):267-269.
     
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  37.  2
    Chaucer's Legendary Good WomenFlorence Percival.Laura L. Howes - 2003 - Speculum 78 (1):244-246.
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  38.  1
    Doing Justice' to the Dead Sea Scrolls: Reading 1QS 8:1-4 in Literary and Sectarian Context.Llewellyn Howes - 2016 - Hts Theological Studies 72 (4):1-7.
    Within the Community Rule, 1QS 8:1-4 has at times been used as an intertext to support claims pertaining to the future expectations of both early Jesus movements and the historical Jesus himself. In particular, the passage has functioned as an intertext to support the notion that Jesus and some of his earliest movements foresaw the future restoration and liberation of greater Israel in toto, including outsiders. Without getting involved in this larger New Testament debate, the current article wishes to address (...)
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  39.  3
    Cotta Against the Stoics.J. R. Howes - 1963 - Sophia 2 (1):11-17.
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  40.  3
    God “Exists” and “Being”.John Howes - 1968 - Sophia 7 (3):26-31.
  41.  4
    Florence Percival, Chaucer's Legendary Good Women. Cambridge, Eng.: Cambridge University Press, 1998. Pp. Xii, 338; 1 Diagram. $69.95. [REVIEW]Laura L. Howes - 2003 - Speculum 78 (1):244-246.
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  42. A Note on McGinnies' "Emotionality and Perceptual Defense.".Davis H. Howes & Richard L. Solomon - 1950 - Psychological Review 57 (4):229-234.
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  43.  5
    Mill on Women and Human Development.John Howes - 1986 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 64 (S1):66-74.
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  44.  1
    Why Contextual Preference Reversals Maximize Expected Value.Andrew Howes, Paul A. Warren, George Farmer, Wael El-Deredy & Richard L. Lewis - 2016 - Psychological Review 123 (4):368-391.
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  45.  6
    The Study of Perception and the Architectural Idea.Ethel Puffer Howes - 1910 - Philosophical Review 19 (5):505-511.
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  46.  2
    Does Happiness Increase the Objectivity of Arguers?Moira Howes - unknown
    At first glance, happiness and objectivity seem to have little in common. I claim, however, that subjective and eudaimonic happiness promotes arguer objectivity. To support my claim, I focus on connections between happiness, social intelligence, and intellectual virtue. After addressing objections concerning unhappy objective and happy unobjective arguers, I conclude that communities should value happiness in argumentative contexts and use happiness as an indicator of their capacity for objective argumentation.
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  47.  5
    (3) is Berlin Right About Mill's Arguments Against Censorship.John Howes - 1976 - Philosophical Papers 5 (1):85-98.
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  48.  6
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Carlos Nuñes Silva, John M. Cogan, William Wyckoff & Moira Howes - 2007 - Ethics, Place and Environment 10 (3):351 – 361.
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  49.  1
    Word Frequency, Personal Values, and Visual Duration Thresholds.Richard L. Solomon & Davis H. Howes - 1951 - Psychological Review 58 (4):256-270.
  50.  2
    Christian Prophecy in Japan: Uchimura Kanzō.John Howes - 2007 - Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 34 (1):127-150.
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