Results for 'Debra A. Fleischman'

995 found
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  1.  17
    Convergent Behavioral and Neuropsychological Evidence for a Distinction Between Identification and Production Forms of Repetition Priming.John De Gabrieli, Chandan J. Vaidya, Maria Stone, Wendy S. Francis, Sharon L. Thompson-Schill, Debra A. Fleischman, Jared R. Tinklenberg, Jerome A. Yesavage & Robert S. Wilson - 1999 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 128 (4):479.
  2.  52
    Justice and the Politics of Difference.Debra A. DeBruin - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):398-400.
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  3. A Reader in Feminist Ethics.Debra A. Shogan (ed.) - 1992 - Canadian Scholars' Press.
     
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  4.  41
    Being a Self: Considerations From Functional Imaging.Debra A. Gusnard - 2005 - Consciousness and Cognition 14 (4):679-697.
    Having a self is associated with important advantages for an organism.These advantages have been suggested to include mechanisms supporting elaborate capacities for planning, decision-making, and behavioral control. Acknowledging such functionality offers possibilities for obtaining traction on investigation of neural correlates of selfhood. A method that has potential for investigating some of the brain-based properties of self arising in behavioral contexts varying in requirements for such behavioral guidance and control is functional brain imaging. Data obtained with this method are beginning to (...)
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  5. How Clinical Trials Really Work Rethinking Research Ethics.Debra A. DeBruin, Joan Liaschenko & Anastasia Fisher - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (2):121-139.
    Clinical trials are a central mechanism in the production of medical knowledge. They are the gold standard by which such knowledge is evaluated. They are widespread both in the United States and internationally; a National Institute of Health database reports over 106,000 active industry and government-sponsored trials (National Institutes of Health n.d.). They are an engine of the economy. The work of trials is complex; multiple people with diverse interests working across multiple settings simultaneously participate in them, and they are (...)
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  6.  3
    Policing Women to Protect Fetuses: Coercive Interventions During Pregnancy.Debra A. DeBruin & Mary Faith Marshall - 2019 - In Wanda Teays (ed.), Analyzing Violence Against Women. Springer. pp. 95-111.
    Women are routinely subjected to penetrating surveillance during pregnancy. On the surface, this may appear to flow from a cultural commitment to protect babies – a cultural practice of “better safe than sorry” that is particularly vigilant given the vulnerability of fetuses and babies. In reality, pregnancy occasions incursions against human rights and well-being that would be anathema in other contexts. Our cultural practices concerning risk in pregnancy are infused with oppressive norms about women’s responsibility for pregnancy outcomes and the (...)
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  7.  32
    Can One Justify Morality To Fooles?Debra A. DeBruin - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (1):1-31.
    A note of urgency can sometimes be heard, even in otherwise unhurried writers, when they ask for a justification of morality. Unless the ethical life, or morality, can be justified by philosophy, we shall be open to relativism, amoralism, and disorder. As they often put it: when an amoralist calls ethical considerations in doubt, and suggests that there is no reason to follow the requirements of morality, what can we say to him?Why should one be moral? This question is nearly (...)
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  8.  21
    Proactive Crisis Management and Ethical Discourse: Dow Chemical's Issues Management Bulletins 1979-1990. [REVIEW]Debra A. Kernisky - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (8):843-853.
    This study employed a Discourse Ethicality survey instrument to analyze the legitimacy and ethicality of one of Dow Chemical's externally focused, rhetorical, crisis management strategies. A stratified random sample of the issues management bulletin The Point Is . . ., published over a ten year time period, was evaluated. The bulletins were divided into three time periods corresponding to significant events in Dow's history over the ten year period. Statistical and thematic analysis determined that perceived legitimacy and ethicality increased in (...)
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  9.  20
    Looking Beyond the Limitations of “Vulnerability”: Reforming Safeguards in Research.Debra A. DeBruin - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):76-78.
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  10.  10
    Individual Differences and Arousal: Implications for the Study of Mood and Memory.William Revelle & Debra A. Loftus - 1990 - Cognition and Emotion 4 (3):209-237.
  11.  27
    Ethics Review of Social, Behavioral, and Economic Research: Where Should We Go From Here'.Raymond De Vries, Debra A. DeBruin & Andrew Goodgame - 2004 - Ethics and Behavior 14 (4):351 – 368.
    It is not unusual for researchers to complain about institutional review board (IRB) oversight, but social scientists have a unique set of objections to the work of ethics committees. In an effort to better understand the problems associated with ethics review of social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBES) research, this article examines 3 different aspects of research ethics committees: (a) the composition of review boards; (b) the guidelines used by these boards to review SBES - and in particular, behavioral health (...)
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  12.  27
    Justice and the Inclusion of Women in Clinical Studies: An Argument for Further Reform.Debra A. DeBruin - 1994 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 4 (2):117-146.
  13.  7
    Figural Aftereffects in Adulthood.Debra A. Cowart, Beverly Atkeson & Robert H. Pollack - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 14 (5):326-328.
  14.  6
    Autobiographical Remembering: An Integrative Approach.Debra A. Bekerian & Barbara H. Dritschel - 1992 - In Martin A. Conway, David C. Rubin, H. Spinnler & W. Wagenaar (eds.), Theoretical Perspectives on Autobiographical Memory. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 135--150.
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  15.  88
    From Pmtct to a More Comprehensive Aids Response for Women: A Much-Needed Shift.Cynthia Eyakuze, Debra A. Jones, Ann M. Starrs & Naomi Sorkin - 2008 - Developing World Bioethics 8 (1):33–42.
    Half of the 33.2 million people living with HIV today are women. Yet, responses to the epidemic are not adequately meeting the needs of women. This article critically evaluates how prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) programs, the principal framework under which women's health is currently addressed in the global response to AIDS, have tended to focus on the prevention of HIV transmission from HIV-positive women to their infants. This paper concludes that more than ten years after their inception, PMTCT programs (...)
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  16.  15
    Reclaiming the Body for Faith.Debra A. Reagan - 2013 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 67 (1):42-57.
    This essay examines what it means to be embodied members of the Body of Christ, exploring the metaphor in 1 Corinthians 12:12–27 in terms of gender, race/ethnicity, variant embodiment, abused bodies, and sexual bodies.
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  17.  47
    Videotaping.Debra A. Kreidler - 1995 - Teaching Philosophy 18 (4):345-350.
  18. The Rights of Animals.Debra A. Miller (ed.) - 2008 - Greenhaven Press.
  19.  21
    Finding Order in Schizophrenic Thought Disorder.Debra A. Titone - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (3):115.
  20.  21
    Memories Bound: The Neuroscience of Dreams.Debra A. Titone - 2002 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (1):4-5.
  21. A Social Concept in Decline.Debra A. Arvanites & Burke T. Ward - forthcoming - Contemporary Issues in Business Ethics.
     
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  22.  45
    A Critique of Superson's Feminist Definition of Sexual Harassment.Debra A. DeBruin - 1998 - Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (1):49-62.
  23. Managing Social Anxiety: A Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Approach Therapist Guide.Debra A. Hope, Richard G. Heimberg & Cynthia L. Turk - 2010 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This revised workbook is designed for patients' use as they work, either with a qualified mental health professional or on their own, to manage social anxiety. Based on the principles of cognitive-behavioral therapy, the treatment program described is evidence-based and proven effective. Complete with user-friendly forms and worksheets, as well as relatable case examples and chapter review questions, this workbook contains all the tools necessary to help patients manage their anxiety and improve their quality of life.
     
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  24. Justifying Morality to Fooles.Debra A. Debruin - 1988 - Dissertation, University of Pittsburgh
    Why should one be moral? There is a very strong tradition in moral philosophy of attempting to answer this question by trying to provide a rational justification of morality. Rationalist moral theorists interpret this question as a challenge posed by amoralists, agents who lack any moral sentiments, and so who take themselves to have no reason to be moral. Thus, rationalist moral theorists set out to show that, whatever our sentiments, rationality--which is supposed to be essential to all agents--demands that (...)
     
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  25.  25
    Forensic Applications of Theories of Cognition and Emotion.Debra A. Bekerian & Susan J. Goodrich - 1999 - In Tim Dalgleish & M. J. Powers (eds.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion. Wiley. pp. 783--798.
  26.  2
    Recovered and False Memories.Debra A. Bekerian & Susan J. Goodrich - 2000 - In G. Berrios & J. Hodges (eds.), Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice. Cambridge University Press. pp. 432.
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  27. Book Review:Justice and the Politics of Difference. Iris Marion Young. [REVIEW]Debra A. DeBruin - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):398-.
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  28. Ethics on the Inside?Debra A. Debruin - 2007 - In Lisa A. Eckenwiler & Felicia Cohn (eds.), The Ethics of Bioethics: Mapping the Moral Landscape. Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 161--169.
     
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  29.  16
    Fetal Risk, Fetal Purity, and the Perils Posed by Pregnant Women.Debra A. DeBruin - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (2):12-14.
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  30.  16
    How Clinical Trials Really Work: Rethinking Research Ethics.Debra A. DeBruin Joan Liaschenko Anastasia Fisher - 2011 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 21 (2):121-139.
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  31. Neural Substrates of Self-Awareness.Debra A. Gusnard - 2006 - In John T. Cacioppo, Penny S. Visser & Cynthia L. Pickett (eds.), Social Neuroscience: People Thinking About Thinking People. MIT Press. pp. 41-62.
     
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  32.  20
    Dueling Ethical Frameworks for Allocating Health Resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, J. Eline Garrett, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):54 – 56.
  33. Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale: The Moral Limits of Markets.Debra Satz - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    In Why Some Things Should Not Be for Sale, philosopher Debra Satz takes a penetrating look at those commodity exchanges that strike most of us as problematic. What considerations, she asks, ought to guide the debates about such markets? What is it about a market involving prostitution or the sale of kidneys that makes it morally objectionable? How is a market in weapons or pollution different than a market in soybeans or automobiles? Are laws and social policies banning the (...)
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  34.  10
    Ethics Versus Outcomes: Managerial Responses to Incentive-Driven and Goal-Induced Employee Behavior.Gary M. Fleischman, Eric N. Johnson, Kenton B. Walker & Sean R. Valentine - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 158 (4):951-967.
    Management plays an important role in reinforcing ethics in organizations. To support this aim, managers must use incentive and goal programs in ethical ways. This study examines experimentally the potential ethical costs associated with incentive-driven and goal-induced employee behavior from a managerial perspective. In a quasi-experimental setting, 243 MBA students with significant professional work experience evaluated a hypothetical employee’s ethical behavior under incentive pay systems modeled on a business case. In the role of the employee’s manager, participants evaluated the ethicality (...)
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  35.  16
    Attending to Social Vulnerability When Rationing Pandemic Resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):42.
    Pandemic plans are increasingly attending to groups experiencing health disparities and other social vulnerabilities. Although some pandemic guidance is silent on the issue, guidance that attends to socially vulnerable groups ranges widely, some procedural (often calling for public engagement), and some substantive. Public engagement objectives vary from merely educational to seeking reflective input into the ethical commitments that should guide pandemic planning and response. Some plans that concern rationing during a severe pandemic recommend ways to protect socially vulnerable groups without (...)
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  36.  28
    Psychopathy and Verbal Emotion Processing in Non-Incarcerated Males.L. Stephen Long & Debra A. Titone - 2007 - Cognition and Emotion 21 (1):119-145.
  37.  19
    Ontogenetic Considerations in the Phylogenetic History and Adaptive Significance of the Bias in Human Handedness.George F. Michel & Debra A. Harkins - 1987 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 10 (2):283-284.
  38.  9
    What Grandma Thinks About Hypnosis.John Sabini & Debra A. Kossman - 1986 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 9 (3):481-482.
  39.  27
    Professionals' Tax Liability Assessments and Ethical Evaluations in an Equitable Relief Innocent Spouse Case.Gary Fleischman & Sean Valentine - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 42 (1):27-44.
    This study used a national sample of professionals and a questionnaire containing equitable relief vignettes to explore whether the new equitable relief subset of the revised innocent spouse rules is helpful to the IRS when making relief decisions. The study also addressed the ethical and gender issues associated with equitable relief innocent spouse cases. The results suggested that several equitable relief factors are useful as discriminators in the relief decision. The results also demonstrated that the recognition of an ethical issue (...)
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  40.  73
    Corporate Ethical Values, Group Creativity, Job Satisfaction and Turnover Intention: The Impact of Work Context on Work Response. [REVIEW]Sean Valentine, Lynn Godkin, Gary M. Fleischman & Roland Kidwell - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 98 (3):353 - 372.
    A corporate culture strengthened by ethical values and other positive business practices likely yields more favorable employee work responses. Thus, the purpose of this study was to assess the degree to which perceived corporate ethical values work in concert with group creativity to influence both job satisfaction and turnover intention. Using a self-report questionnaire, information was collected from 781 healthcare and administrative employees working at a multi-campus education-based healthcare organization. Additional survey data was collected from a comparative convenience sample of (...)
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  41.  97
    Ethics Training and Businesspersons' Perceptions of Organizational Ethics.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):381 - 390.
    Ethics training is commonly cited as a primary method for increasing employees ethical decision making and conduct. However, little is known about how the presence of ethics training can enhance other components of an organization's ethical environment such as employees perception of company ethical values. Using a national sample of 313 business professionals employed in the United States, the relationship between ethics training and perceived organizational ethics was explored. The results of the analysis provide significant statistical support for the notion (...)
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  42. Professional Ethical Standards, Corporate Social Responsibility, and the Perceived Role of Ethics and Social Responsibility.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):657-666.
    This study explored several proposed relationships among professional ethical standards, corporate social responsibility, and the perceived role of ethics and social responsibility. Data were collected from 313 business managers registered with a large professional research association with a mailed self-report questionnaire. Mediated regression analysis indicated that perceptions of corporate social responsibility partially mediated the positive relationship between perceived professional ethical standards and the believed importance of ethics and social responsibility. Perceptions of corporate social responsibility also fully mediated the negative relationship (...)
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  43.  20
    A Conceptual Model for the Translation of Bioethics Research and Scholarship.Debra J. H. Mathews, D. Micah Hester, Jeffrey Kahn, Amy McGuire, Ross McKinney, Keith Meador, Sean Philpott-Jones, Stuart Youngner & Benjamin S. Wilfond - 2016 - Hastings Center Report 46 (5):34-39.
    While the bioethics literature demonstrates that the field has spent substantial time and thought over the last four decades on the goals, methods, and desired outcomes for service and training in bioethics, there has been less progress defining the nature and goals of bioethics research and scholarship. This gap makes it difficult both to describe the breadth and depth of these areas of bioethics and, importantly, to gauge their success. However, the gap also presents us with an opportunity to define (...)
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  44.  16
    Ethics Training and Businesspersons? Perceptions of Organizational Ethics.Sean Valentine & Gary Fleischman - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 52 (4):391-400.
    Ethics training is commonly cited as a primary method for increasing employees' ethical decision making and conduct. However, little is known about how the presence of ethics training can enhance other components of an organization's ethical environment such as employees' perception of company ethical values. Using a national sample of 313 business professionals employed in the United States, the relationship between ethics training and perceived organizational ethics was explored. The results of the analysis provide significant statistical support for the notion (...)
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  45.  35
    I Am ... , I Have ... , I Suffer From ... : A Linguist Reflects on the Language of Illness and Disease. [REVIEW]Suzanne Fleischman - 1999 - Journal of Medical Humanities 20 (1):3-32.
    Part personal documentary, part exercise in medical semantics, this essay brings the analytical tools of a linguist and the human perspective of a patient receiving treatment in the American health care system to bear on the language we use—for the most part unconsciously—to talk about illness and disease. Topics to be explored include linguistic ramifications of the illness/disease distinction; referring expressions for health disorders; the “linguistic construction” of disease (what's in a name?); the “translation” of biomedical information from the specialists' (...)
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  46. Latin American Perspectives on Globalization: Ethics, Politics, and Alternative Visions.Linda Martín Alcoff, Debra A. Castillo, Santiago Castro-Gómez, Rafael Cervantes Martínez, Felipe Gil Chamizo, Raúl Fornet-Betancourt, Jorge J. E. Gracia, María Mercedes Jaramillo, María Pía Lara-Zavala, Eduardo Mendieta, Walter Mignolo, Iván Petrella, Roberto Regalado Álvarez, Mario Sáenz, Ofelia Schutte & Leopoldo Zea (eds.) - 2002 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    From the most prominent thinkers in Latin American philosophy, literature, politics, and social science comes a challenge to conventional theories of globalization. The contributors to this volume imagine a discourse in which revolution requires no temporalized march of progress or takeovers of state power but instead aims at local control and the material conditions for human dignity.
     
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  47.  9
    Generating Explanations of Social and Nonsocial Events.Kathleen M. Galotti, Debra A. Kossman & John P. Sabini - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (5):455-458.
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  48.  14
    The Therapeutic “Mis”Conception: An Examination of its Normative Assumptions and a Call for its Revision.Debra J. H. Mathews, Joseph J. Fins & Eric Racine - 2018 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 27 (1):154-162.
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  49.  54
    Just Say “No!” to Lethal Autonomous Robotic Weapons.William M. Fleischman - 2015 - Journal of Information, Communication and Ethics in Society 13 (3/4):299-313.
    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to consider the question of equipping fully autonomous robotic weapons with the capacity to kill. Current ideas concerning the feasibility and advisability of developing and deploying such weapons, including the proposal that they be equipped with a so-called “ethical governor”, are reviewed and critiqued. The perspective adopted for this study includes software engineering practice as well as ethical and legal aspects of the use of lethal autonomous robotic weapons. Design/methodology/approach – In the (...)
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  50.  20
    An Evolutionary Behaviorist Perspective on Orgasm.Diana S. Fleischman - 2016 - Socioaffective Neuroscience and Psychology 6.
    Evolutionary explanations for sexual behavior and orgasm most often posit facilitating reproduction as the primary function. Other reproductive benefits of sexual pleasure and orgasm such as improved bonding of parents have also been discussed but not thoroughly. Although sex is known to be highly reinforcing, behaviorist principles are rarely invoked alongside evolutionary psychology in order to account for human sexual and social behavior. In this paper, I will argue that intense sexual pleasure, especially orgasm, can be understood as a primary (...)
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