49 found
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  1.  13
    Structure‐Mapping: A Theoretical Framework for Analogy.Dedre Gentner - 1983 - Cognitive Science 7 (2):155-170.
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  2.  30
    Bootstrapping the Mind: Analogical Processes and Symbol Systems.Dedre Gentner - 2010 - Cognitive Science 34 (5):752-775.
    Human cognition is striking in its brilliance and its adaptability. How do we get that way? How do we move from the nearly helpless state of infants to the cognitive proficiency that characterizes adults? In this paper I argue, first, that analogical ability is the key factor in our prodigious capacity, and, second, that possession of a symbol system is crucial to the full expression of analogical ability.
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  3. What Language Might Tell Us About the Perception of Cause.Phillip Wolff & Dedre Gentner - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 453--458.
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  4.  34
    Causal Systems Categories: Differences in Novice and Expert Categorization of Causal Phenomena.Benjamin M. Rottman, Dedre Gentner & Micah B. Goldwater - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (5):919-932.
    We investigated the understanding of causal systems categories—categories defined by common causal structure rather than by common domain content—among college students. We asked students who were either novices or experts in the physical sciences to sort descriptions of real-world phenomena that varied in their causal structure (e.g., negative feedback vs. causal chain) and in their content domain (e.g., economics vs. biology). Our hypothesis was that there would be a shift from domain-based sorting to causal sorting with increasing expertise in the (...)
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  5.  26
    Similarity and the Development of Rules.Dedre Gentner & José Medina - 1998 - Cognition 65 (2-3):263-297.
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  6.  36
    Language Helps Children Succeed on a Classic Analogy Task.Stella Christie & Dedre Gentner - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):383-397.
    Adult humans show exceptional relational ability relative to other species. In this research, we trace the development of this ability in young children. We used a task widely used in comparative research—the relational match-to-sample task, which requires participants to notice and match the identity relation: for example, AA should match BB instead of CD. Despite the simplicity of this relation, children under 4 years of age failed to pass this test (Experiment 1), and their performance did not improve even with (...)
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  7.  12
    MAC/FAC: A Model of Similarity‐Based Retrieval.Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner & Keith Law - 1995 - Cognitive Science 19 (2):141-205.
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  8.  36
    A Cross-Linguistic Study of Early Word Meaning: Universal Ontology and Linguistic Influence.Mutsumi Imai & Dedre Gentner - 1997 - Cognition 62 (2):169-200.
  9.  10
    Extending SME to Handle Large‐Scale Cognitive Modeling.Kenneth D. Forbus, Ronald W. Ferguson, Andrew Lovett & Dedre Gentner - 2017 - Cognitive Science 41 (5):1152-1201.
    Analogy and similarity are central phenomena in human cognition, involved in processes ranging from visual perception to conceptual change. To capture this centrality requires that a model of comparison must be able to integrate with other processes and handle the size and complexity of the representations required by the tasks being modeled. This paper describes extensions to Structure-Mapping Engine since its inception in 1986 that have increased its scope of operation. We first review the basic SME algorithm, describe psychological evidence (...)
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  10. Psychology in Cognitive Science: 1978–2038.Dedre Gentner - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):328-344.
    This paper considers the past and future of Psychology within Cognitive Science. In the history section, I focus on three questions: (a) how has the position of Psychology evolved within Cognitive Science, relative to the other disciplines that make up Cognitive Science; (b) how have particular Cognitive Science areas within Psychology waxed or waned; and (c) what have we gained and lost. After discussing what’s happened since the late 1970s, when the Society and the journal began, I speculate about where (...)
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  11.  11
    Why We 'Re so Smart'.Dedre Gentner - 2003 - In Dedre Getner & Susan Goldin-Meadow (eds.), Language in Mind: Advances in the Study of Language and Thought. MIT Press. pp. 195--235.
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  12.  4
    On the Acquisition of Abstract Knowledge: Structural Alignment and Explication in Learning Causal System Categories.Micah B. Goldwater & Dedre Gentner - 2015 - Cognition 137:137-153.
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  13.  3
    Systematicity and Surface Similarity in the Development of Analogy.Dedre Gentner & Cecile Toupin - 1986 - Cognitive Science 10 (3):277-300.
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  14.  15
    Relations, Objects, and the Composition of Analogies.Dedre Gentner & Kenneth J. Kurtz - 2006 - Cognitive Science 30 (4):609-642.
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  15.  28
    What Difference Reveals About Similarity.Eyal Sagi, Dedre Gentner & Andrew Lovett - 2012 - Cognitive Science 36 (6):1019-1050.
    Detecting that two images are different is faster for highly dissimilar images than for highly similar images. Paradoxically, we showed that the reverse occurs when people are asked to describe how two images differ—that is, to state a difference between two images. Following structure-mapping theory, we propose that this disassociation arises from the multistage nature of the comparison process. Detecting that two images are different can be done in the initial (local-matching) stage, but only for pairs with low overlap; thus, (...)
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  16.  7
    Rapid Learning in a Children's Museum Via Analogical Comparison.Dedre Gentner, Susan C. Levine, Raedy Ping, Ashley Isaia, Sonica Dhillon, Claire Bradley & Garrett Honke - 2016 - Cognitive Science 40 (1):224-240.
    We tested whether analogical training could help children learn a key principle of elementary engineering—namely, the use of a diagonal brace to stabilize a structure. The context for this learning was a construction activity at the Chicago Children's Museum, in which children and their families build a model skyscraper together. The results indicate that even a single brief analogical comparison can confer insight. The results also reveal conditions that support analogical learning.
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  17.  1
    The Career of Metaphor.Brian F. Bowdle & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (1):193-216.
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  18.  21
    Spatial Language Facilitates Spatial Cognition: Evidence From Children Who Lack Language Input.Dedre Gentner, Asli Özyürek, Özge Gürcanli & Susan Goldin-Meadow - 2013 - Cognition 127 (3):318-330.
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  19.  58
    Structure-Mapping in Metaphor Comprehension.Phillip Wolff & Dedre Gentner - 2011 - Cognitive Science 35 (8):1456-1488.
    Metaphor has a double life. It can be described as a directional process in which a stable, familiar base domain provides inferential structure to a less clearly specified target. But metaphor is also described as a process of finding commonalities, an inherently symmetric process. In this second view, both concepts may be altered by the metaphorical comparison. Whereas most theories of metaphor capture one of these aspects, we offer a model based on structure-mapping that captures both sides of metaphor processing. (...)
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  20. The Roles of Similarity in Transfer: Separating Retrievability From Inferential Soundness.Kenneth D. Forbus, Dedre Gentner & Mary Jo Rattermann - 1993 - Cognitive Psychology 25 (4).
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  21.  9
    Reviving Inert Knowledge: Analogical Abstraction Supports Relational Retrieval of Past Events.Dedre Gentner, Jeffrey Loewenstein, Leigh Thompson & Kenneth D. Forbus - 2009 - Cognitive Science 33 (8):1343-1382.
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  22.  17
    Relational Language Supports Relational Cognition in Humans and Apes.Dedre Gentner & Stella Christie - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (2):136-137.
    We agree with Penn et al. that our human cognitive superiority derives from our exceptional relational ability. We far exceed other species in our ability to grasp analogies and to combine relations into higher-order structures (Gentner 2003). However, we argue here that possession of an elaborated symbol system is necessary to make our relational capacity operational.
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  23.  38
    Spatial Cognition in Apes and Humans.Dedre Gentner - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (5):192-194.
  24.  6
    Systematicity as a Selection Constraint in Analogical Mapping.Catherine A. Clement & Dedre Gentner - 1991 - Cognitive Science 15 (1):89-132.
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  25. Respects for Similarity.Douglas L. Medin, Robert L. Goldstone & Dedre Gentner - 1993 - Psychological Review 100 (2):254-278.
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  26. Making a Silk Purse Out of Two Sow's Ears: Young Children's Use of Comparison in Category Learning.Laura L. Namy & Dedre Gentner - 2002 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 131 (1):5-15.
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  27.  8
    Analogy and Creativity in the Works of Johannes Kepler.Dedre Gentner, Sarah Brem, Ron Ferguson, Philip Wolff, Arthur B. Markman & Ken Forbus - 1997 - In T. B. Ward, S. M. Smith & J. Viad (eds.), Creative Thought: An Investigation of Conceptual Structures and Processes. American Psychological Association.
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  28.  23
    Metaphor and Knowledge Change.Dedre Gentner & Phillip Wolff - 2000 - In Eric Dietrich Art Markman (ed.), Cognitive Dynamics: Conceptual Change in Humans and Machines. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 295--342.
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  29.  12
    Nonintentional Similarity Processing.Arthur B. Markman & Dedre Gentner - 2005 - In Ran R. Hassin, James S. Uleman & John A. Bargh (eds.), The New Unconscious. Oxford University Press. pp. 107--137.
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  30.  12
    Can Relationality Be Distinguished From Abstractness in Noun Mutability.Dedre Gentner & J. Asmuth - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 863--868.
  31.  2
    Does Language About Similarity Play a Role in Fostering Similarity Comparison in Children?Şeyda Özçalışkan, Susan Goldin-Meadow, Dedre Gentner & Carolyn Mylander - 2009 - Cognition 112 (2):217-228.
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  32.  8
    Incremental Structure-Mapping.Kenneth D. Forbus, Ronald W. Ferguson & Dedre Gentner - 1994 - In Ashwin Ram & Kurt Eiselt (eds.), Proceedings of the Sixteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Erlbaum. pp. 313--318.
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  33.  17
    Spatial Language and Landmark Use: Can 3-, 4-, and 5-Year-Olds Find the Middle.Nina Simms & Dedre Gentner - 2008 - In B. C. Love, K. McRae & V. M. Sloutsky (eds.), Proceedings of the 30th Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 191--196.
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  34.  5
    Journal of The Cognitive Science Society.Robert L. Goldstone, John R. Anderson, Nick Chater, Andy Clark, Shimon Edelman, Kenneth Forbus, Dedre Gentner, Raymond W. Gibbs Jr, James Greeno & Robert A. Jacobs - 2004 - Cognitive Science 28 (3).
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  35.  14
    Modeling Qualitative Differences in Symmetry Judgments.Ronald W. Ferguson, Alexander Aminoff & Dedre Gentner - 1996 - In Garrison W. Cottrell (ed.), Proceedings of the Eighteenth Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 12.
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  36.  2
    Efforts to Encourage Multidisciplinarity in the Cognitive Science Society.James G. Greeno, William J. Clancey, Clayton Lewis, Mark Seidenberg, Sharon Derry, Morton Ann Gernsbacher, Patrick Langley, Michael Shafto, Dedre Gentner, Alan Lesgold & Colleen M. Seifert - 1998 - Cognitive Science 22 (1):131-132.
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  37.  14
    Relational Language Helps Children Reason Analogically.Dedre Gentner, Nina Simms & Stephen Flusberg - 2009 - In N. A. Taatgen & H. van Rijn (eds.), Proceedings of the 31st Annual Conference of the Cognitive Science Society. pp. 1054--1059.
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  38.  9
    Conceptual Centrality and the Role of Comparison.Jason Jameson & Dedre Gentner - 2007 - In McNamara D. S. & Trafton J. G. (eds.), Proceedings of the 29th Annual Cognitive Science Society. Cognitive Science Society. pp. 64--70.
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  39.  8
    MACIFAC: A Model of Si~ I~ Ari~-~ s~ Retrieval.Kenneth D. Forsus, Dedre Gentner & L. A. W. Keith - 1994 - Cognitive Science 19:141-205.
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  40.  7
    Well‐Hidden Regularities: Abstract Uses of in and on Retain an Aspect of Their Spatial Meaning.Anja Jamrozik & Dedre Gentner - 2015 - Cognitive Science 39 (8):1881-1911.
    Prepositions name spatial relationships. But they are also used to convey abstract, non-spatial relationships —raising the question of how the abstract uses relate to the concrete spatial uses. Despite considerable success in delineating these relationships, no general account exists for the two most frequently extended prepositions: in and on. We test the proposal that what is preserved in abstract uses of these prepositions is the relative degree of control between the located object and the reference object. Across four experiments, we (...)
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  41.  5
    Language and Analogy in Conceptual Change.Dedre Gentner & Nina Simms - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (3):128-129.
    Carey proposes that the acquisition of the natural numbers relies on the interaction between language and analogical processes: specifically, on an analogical mapping from ordinal linguistic structure to ordinal conceptual structure. We suggest that this analogy in fact requires several steps. Further, we propose that additional analogical processes enter into the acquisition of number.
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  42.  9
    Deep Thinking in Children: The Case for Knowledge Change in Analogical Development.Dedre Gentner & Mary Jo Rattermann - 1998 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 21 (6):837-838.
    Halford, Wilson & Phillips argue that cognitive development is driven by increases in processing capacity. We suggest that changes in relational knowledge are as important or more so. We present evidence that 3-year-olds' analogical abilities are sharply improved by teaching them relational labels; over a 30-minute experimental session children gained approximately 2 years in effective performance. These results mandate caution interpreting age-related change as indicating maturational change, and call for a deeper consideration of the role of epistemological change in cognitive (...)
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  43.  5
    Analogical Inference and Analogical Access.Dedre Gentner - 1988 - In Armand Prieditis (ed.), Analogica. Morgan Kaufmann Publishers. pp. 63--88.
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  44.  9
    Exhuming Similarity.Dedre Gentner - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (4):669-669.
    Tenenbaum and Griffiths' paper attempts to subsume theories of similarity – including spatial models, featural models, and structure-mapping models – into a framework based on Bayesian generalization. But in so doing it misses significant phenomena of comparison. It would be more fruitful to examine how comparison processes suggest hypotheses than to try to derive similarity from Bayesian reasoning. [Shepard; Tenenbaum & Griffiths].
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  45.  3
    Keith J. Holyoak and Paul Thagard,Mental Leaps: Analogy in Creative Thought. [REVIEW]Dedre Gentner & Arthur B. Markman - 1996 - Pragmatics and Cognitionpragmatics and Cognition 4 (2):407-409.
  46.  1
    Naming Motion Events in Spanish and English.Paula Cifuentes-Férez & Dedre Gentner - 2006 - Cognitive Linguistics 17 (4).
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  47.  1
    Metaphor Processing, Psychology Of.Dedre Gentner & Brian Bowdle - 2002 - In Lynn Nadel (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Macmillan.
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  48. Analogy-Based Reasoning and Metaphor.Dedre Gentner & Arthur B. Markman - 2002 - In M. Arbib (ed.), The Handbook of Brain Theory and Neural Networks. MIT Press. pp. 106--109.
  49. Detecting Anomalous Features in Complex Stimuli: The Role of Structured Comparison.Kenneth J. Kurtz & Dedre Gentner - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 19 (3):219.
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