27 found
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  1. Neuroconstructivism - I: How the Brain Constructs Cognition.Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas & Gert Westermann - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? Neuroconstructivism is a pioneering 2 volume work that sets out a whole new framework for considering the complex topic of development, integrating data from cognitive studies, computational work, and neuroimaging.
     
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  2. Analogy as Relational Priming: A Developmental and Computational Perspective on the Origins of a Complex Cognitive Skill.Robert Leech, Denis Mareschal & Richard P. Cooper - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):357-378.
    The development of analogical reasoning has traditionally been understood in terms of theories of adult competence. This approach emphasizes structured representations and structure mapping. In contrast, we argue that by taking a developmental perspective, analogical reasoning can be viewed as the product of a substantially different cognitive ability – relational priming. To illustrate this, we present a computational (here connectionist) account where analogy arises gradually as a by-product of pattern completion in a recurrent network. Initial exposure to a situation primes (...)
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  3. Neuroconstructivism - Ii: Perspectives and Prospects.Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann & Mark H. Johnson - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? Neuroconstructivism is a pioneering 2 volume work that sets out a whole new framework for considering the complex topic of development, integrating data from cognitive studies, computational work, and neuroimaging.
     
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  4. The “What” and “Where” of Object Representations in Infancy.Denis Mareschal & Mark H. Johnson - 2003 - Cognition 88 (3):259-276.
  5.  40
    Object Knowledge in Infancy: Current Controversies and Approaches.Denis Mareschal - 2000 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 4 (11):408-416.
  6.  38
    Categorization in Infancy.Denis Mareschal & Paul C. Quinn - 2001 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 5 (10):443-450.
  7.  42
    The Goal Circuit Model: A Hierarchical Multi‐Route Model of the Acquisition and Control of Routine Sequential Action in Humans.Richard P. Cooper, Nicolas Ruh & Denis Mareschal - 2014 - Cognitive Science 38 (2):244-274.
    Human control of action in routine situations involves a flexible interplay between (a) task-dependent serial ordering constraints; (b) top-down, or intentional, control processes; and (c) bottom-up, or environmentally triggered, affordances. In addition, the interaction between these influences is modulated by learning mechanisms that, over time, appear to reduce the need for top-down control processes while still allowing those processes to intervene at any point if necessary or if desired. We present a model of the acquisition and control of goal-directed action (...)
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  8.  3
    Asymmetric Interference in 3‐ to 4‐Month‐Olds' Sequential Category Learning.Denis Mareschal, Paul C. Quinn & Robert M. French - 2002 - Cognitive Science 26 (3):377-389.
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  9.  1
    The Role of Bottom-Up Processing in Perceptual Categorization by 3- to 4-Month-Old Infants: Simulations and Data.Robert M. French, Denis Mareschal, Martial Mermillod & Paul C. Quinn - 2004 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 133 (3):382-397.
  10.  19
    Précis of Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition.Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas, Gert Westermann, Denis Mareschal & Mark H. Johnson - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):321-331.
    Neuroconstructivism: How the Brain Constructs Cognition proposes a unifying framework for the study of cognitive development that brings together (1) constructivism (which views development as the progressive elaboration of increasingly complex structures), (2) cognitive neuroscience (which aims to understand the neural mechanisms underlying behavior), and (3) computational modeling (which proposes formal and explicit specifications of information processing). The guiding principle of our approach is context dependence, within and (in contrast to Marr [1982]) between levels of organization. We propose that three (...)
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  11. TRACX: A Recognition-Based Connectionist Framework for Sequence Segmentation and Chunk Extraction.Robert M. French, Caspar Addyman & Denis Mareschal - 2011 - Psychological Review 118 (4):614-636.
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  12.  35
    Modeling Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience.Gert Westermann, Sylvain Sirois, Thomas R. Shultz & Denis Mareschal - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):227-232.
  13.  28
    Studying Development in the 21st Century.Michael S. C. Thomas, Gert Westermann, Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois & Michael Spratling - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (3):345-356.
    In this response, we consider four main issues arising from the commentaries to the target article. These include further details of the theory of interactive specialization, the relationship between neuroconstructivism and selectionism, the implications of neuroconstructivism for the notion of representation, and the role of genetics in theories of development. We conclude by stressing the importance of multidisciplinary approaches in the future study of cognitive development and by identifying the directions in which neuroconstructivism can expand in the Twenty-first Century.
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  14.  7
    Brain and Cognitive Development.Gert Westermann, Sylvain Sirois, Thomas R. Shultz & Denis Mareschal - 2006 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 10 (5):227-232.
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  15.  9
    Is the Mystery of Thought Demystified by Context-Dependent Categorisation? Towards a New Relation Between Language and Thought.Michael S. C. Thomas, Harry R. M. Purser & Denis Mareschal - 2012 - Mind and Language 27 (5):595-618.
  16.  13
    The Dual Route Hypothesis in Visual Cognition: Why a Developmental Approach is Necessary.Denis Mareschal & Jordy Kaufman - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (1):111-112.
    Norman presents intriguing arguments in support of a mapping between ecological and constructivist visual cognition, on the one hand, onto the dorsal ventral dual route processing hypothesis, on the other hand. Unfortunately, his account is incompatible with developmental data on the functional emergence of the dorsal and ventral routes. We argue that it is essential for theories of adult visual cognition to take constraints from development seriously.
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  17.  10
    From Neural Constructivism to Children's Cognitive Development: Bridging the Gap.Denis Mareschal & Thomas R. Shultz - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (4):571-572.
    Missing from Quartz & Sejnowski's (Q&S's) unique and valuable effort to relate cognitive development to neural constructivism is an examination of the global emergent properties of adding new neural circuits. Such emergent properties can be studied with computational models. Modeling with generative connectionist networks shows that synaptogenic mechanisms can account for progressive increases in children's representational power.
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  18.  2
    The Planning and Execution of Natural Sequential Actions in the Preschool Years.Livia Freier, Richard P. Cooper & Denis Mareschal - 2015 - Cognition 144:58-66.
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  19.  2
    Growing Cognition From Recycled Parts.Robert Leech, Denis Mareschal & Richard P. Cooper - 2008 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 31 (4):401-414.
    In this response, we reiterate the importance of development (both ontogenetic and phylogenetic) in the understanding of a complex cognitive skill – analogical reasoning. Four key questions structure the response: Does relational priming exist, and is it sufficient for analogy? What do we mean by relations as transformations? Could all or any relations be represented as transformations? And what about the challenge of more complex analogies? In addressing these questions we bring together a number of supportive commentaries, strengthening our emergentist (...)
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  20.  2
    Can There Be Embodiment Without a Body/Brain?Denis Mareschal - 2001 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (1):49-50.
    A mature science strives to provide causal explanations of observed phenomena rather than focusing on taxonomic descriptions of data. A field theory model is a step towards providing a truly scientific account of development. However, the model is under-constrained in that it ignores the boundary conditions defined by the physical constraints imposed by the infant's developing brain and body.
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  21.  6
    Models of Atypical Development Must Also Be Models of Normal Development.Gert Westermann & Denis Mareschal - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (6):771-772.
    Connectionist models aiming to reveal the mechanisms of atypical development must in their undamaged form constitute plausible models of normal development and follow a developmental trajectory that matches empirical data. Constructivist models that adapt their structure to the learning task satisfy this demand. They are therefore more informative in the study of atypical development than the static models employed by Thomas & Karmiloff-Smith (T&K-S).
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  22.  2
    Where Do Concepts Come From?Denis Mareschal, P. Quinn & Stephen Eg Lea - 2010 - In Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.), The Making of Human Concepts. Oxford University Press.
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  23. Spatial Localization of Touch in the First Year of Life: Early Influence of a Visual Spatial Code and the Development of Remapping Across Changes in Limb Position.Andrew J. Bremner, Denis Mareschal, Sarah Lloyd-Fox & Charles Spence - 2008 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 137 (1):149-162.
  24. Neuroconstructivism - I & Ii.Mareschal Denis, H. Johnson Mark, Sirois Sylvain, Spratling Michael, S. C. Thomas Michael & Westermann Gert - 2007 - Oxford University Press.
    What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? Neuroconstructivism is a pioneering 2 volume work that sets out a whole new framework for considering the complex topic of development, integrating data from cognitive studies, computational work, and neuroimaging.
     
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  25. Neuroconstructivism: Volume 1: How the Brain Constructs Cognition.Denis Mareschal, Mark H. Johnson, Sylvain Sirois, Michael Spratling, Michael S. C. Thomas & Gert Westermann - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand development necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach, integrating data from cognitive studies, computational work, and neuroimaging - an approach till now seldom taken in the study of child development. Neuroconstructivism is a major new 2 volume publication that seeks to redress this balance, presenting an integrative new framework for (...)
     
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  26. Neuroconstructivism: Volume Ii, Perspectives and Prospects.Denis Mareschal, Sylvain Sirois, Gert Westermann & Mark H. Johnson - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    What are the processes, from conception to adulthood, that enable a single cell to grow into a sentient adult? The processes that occur along the way are so complex that any attempt to understand development necessitates a multi-disciplinary approach, integrating data from cognitive studies, computational work, and neuroimaging - an approach till now seldom taken in the study of child development. Neuroconstructivism is a major new 2 volume publication that seeks to redress this balance, presenting an integrative new framework for (...)
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  27.  7
    The Making of Human Concepts.Denis Mareschal, Paul Quinn & Stephen E. G. Lea (eds.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    Human adults appear different from other animals in their ability to form abstract mental representations that go beyond perceptual similarity. In short, they can conceptualize the world. This book brings together leading psychologists and neuroscientists to tackle the age-old puzzle of what might be unique about human concepts.
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