Results for 'Dennis Gabor'

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  1. The Proper Priorities of Science and Technology.Dennis Gabor - 1972 - [Southampton, Eng.]University of Southampton.
  2.  43
    From White Elephant to Nobel Prize: Dennis Gabor's Wavefront Reconstruction.Sean F. Johnston - 2005 - Historical Studies in the Physical and Biological Sciences 36:35-70.
    Dennis Gabor devised a new concept for optical imaging in 1947 that went by a variety of names over the following decade: holoscopy, wavefront reconstruction, interference microscopy, diffraction microscopy and Gaboroscopy. A well-connected and creative research engineer, Gabor worked actively to publicize and exploit his concept, but the scheme failed to capture the interest of many researchers. Gabor’s theory was repeatedly deemed unintuitive and baffling; the technique was appraised by his contemporaries to be of dubious practicality (...)
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  3.  44
    The Virtue Ethics of Hume and Nietzsche by Christine Swanton. [REVIEW]Matthew Dennis & Andre Okawara - 2016 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 47 (3):510-515.
    Having established her pluralistic account as an influential position within contemporary virtue ethics, in this work Christine Swanton offers a virtue-ethical reading of David Hume and Friedrich Nietzsche with the aim of showing how they can further the development of virtue ethics beyond the Aristotelian and ancient eudaemonist traditions. Readers of Swanton’s other major work, Virtue Ethics: A Pluralistic View, may recall that many of its philosophical resources were drawn from Nietzsche and, to a lesser extent, from Hume. This new (...)
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  4. From Prayer to Pragmatism: A Biography of John L. Childs.Lawrence J. Dennis - 1992 - Southern Illinois University Press.
    Lawrence J. Dennis’s intellectual biography of John L. Childs, a leading figure in twentieth-century American educational philosophy between 1930 and 1960, traces Childs’s influence not only on education but also on midcentury politics, economics, and social issues. A disciple of John Dewey and an associate of William Heard Kilpatrick, George S. Counts, Boyd Bode, and other key figures in modern American education, Childs laid the philosophic basis for social reconstruction and became an important contributor to and interpreter of pragmatism (...)
     
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  5.  61
    Autobiographical Memory for Stressful Events: The Role of Autobiographical Memory in Posttraumatic Stress Disorder.David C. Rubin, Michelle F. Dennis & Jean C. Beckham - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (3):840-856.
    To provide the three-way comparisons needed to test existing theories, we compared (1) most-stressful memories to other memories and (2) involuntary to voluntary memories (3) in 75 community dwelling adults with and 42 without a current diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Each rated their three most-stressful, three most-positive, seven most-important and 15 word-cued autobiographical memories, and completed tests of personality and mood. Involuntary memories were then recorded and rated as they occurred for 2 weeks. Standard mechanisms of cognition and (...)
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  6.  44
    Absorbing New Subjects: Holography as an Analog of Photography.Sean F. Johnston - 2006 - Physics in Perspective 8:164-188.
    I discuss the early history of holography and explore how perceptions, applications, and forecasts of the subject were shaped by prior experience. I focus on the work of Dennis Gabor (1900–1979) in England,Yury N. Denisyuk (1927-2005) in the Soviet Union, and Emmett N. Leith (1927–2005) and Juris Upatnieks (b. 1936) in the United States. I show that the evolution of holography was simultaneously promoted and constrained by its identification as an analog of photography, an association that influenced its (...)
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  7.  41
    Telling Tales: George Stroke and the Historiography of Holography.Sean F. Johnston - 2004 - History and Technology 20:29-51.
    The history of holography, the technology of three-dimensional imaging that grew rapidly during the 1960s, has been written primarily by its historical actors and, like many new inventions, its concepts and activities became surrounded by myths and myth-making. The first historical account was disseminated by the central character of this paper, George W. Stroke, while a professor of Electrical Engineering at the University of Michigan. His claims embroiled several workers active in the field of holography and information processing during the (...)
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  8. Skepticist Philosophy as Ethnomethodology.Alex Dennis - 2003 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 33 (2):151-173.
    Ethnomethodology is in trouble, its conceptual apparatus prone to indifference or misunderstanding both from "conventional" sociologists and from its own practitioners. This article describes some of these loci of confusion and suggests that they have a common root in the relationship between ethnomethodology and conventional sociology. Ethnomethodologists' desire to find a principled theoretical framework for dealing with this relationship is shown to be the common basis for subsequent confusion, and some of the corollaries of their putative solution(s) are elaborated with (...)
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  9. Evil, Fine-Tuning and the Creation of the Universe.Dan Dennis - 2011 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 70 (2):139-145.
    Could God have created a better universe? Well, the fundamental scientific laws and parameters of the universe have to be within a certain miniscule range, for a life-sustaining universe to develop: the universe must be ‘Fine Tuned’. Therefore the ‘embryonic universe’ that came into existence with the ‘big bang’ had to be either exactly as it was or within a certain tiny range, for there to develop a life-sustaining universe. If it is better that there exist a life-sustaining universe than (...)
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  10.  84
    Comparing Methods for Single Paragraph Similarity Analysis.Benjamin Stone, Simon Dennis & Peter J. Kwantes - 2011 - Topics in Cognitive Science 3 (1):92-122.
    The focus of this paper is two-fold. First, similarities generated from six semantic models were compared to human ratings of paragraph similarity on two datasets—23 World Entertainment News Network paragraphs and 50 ABC newswire paragraphs. Contrary to findings on smaller textual units such as word associations (Griffiths, Tenenbaum, & Steyvers, 2007), our results suggest that when single paragraphs are compared, simple nonreductive models (word overlap and vector space) can provide better similarity estimates than more complex models (LSA, Topic Model, SpNMF, (...)
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  11.  46
    Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective.Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis - 2003 - Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
    This article reports three experiments that investigated the relationship between working memory capacity and syllogistic and five-term series spatial inference. A series of complex and simple verbal and spatial working memory measures were employed. Correlational analyses showed that verbal and spatial working memory span tasks consistently predicted syllogistic and spatial reasoning performance. A confirmatory factor analysis showed that three factors best accounted for the data--a verbal, a spatial, and a general factor. Syllogistic reasoning performance loaded all three factors, whilst spatial (...)
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  12. Working Memory, Inhibitory Control and the Development of Children's Reasoning.Dr Simon J. Handley, A. Capon, M. Beveridge, I. Dennis & J. St BT Evans - 2004 - Thinking and Reasoning 10 (2):175 – 195.
    The ability to reason independently from one's own goals or beliefs has long been recognised as a key characteristic of the development of formal operational thought. In this article we present the results of a study that examined the correlates of this ability in a group of 10-year-old children ( N = 61). Participants were presented with conditional and relational reasoning items, where the content was manipulated such that the conclusion to the arguments were either congruent, neutral, or incongruent with (...)
     
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  13.  62
    Was Heidegger a Nonconceptualist?Peter Dennis - 2012 - Ratio 25 (1):108-117.
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  14. On Necessity as a Defence to Crime: Possibilities, Problems and the Limits of Justification and Excuse.Ian Howard Dennis - 2009 - Criminal Law and Philosophy 3 (1):29-49.
    The article reviews recent developments in England in the law of necessity as a defence to crime and calls for its further extension. It argues that the defence of necessity presents the criminal law with difficult questions of competing values and the ordering of harms. English law has taken a nuanced position on the respective roles of the courts and the legislature in the ordering of harms, although the development of the law has been pragmatic rather than coherently theorised. The (...)
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  15. Michael Polanyi And The Liberal Philosophical Tradition In Hungary.Éva Gábor - 1998 - Tradition and Discovery 25 (2):5-10.
    This essay describes the Hungarian historical background out of which Michael Polanyi’s lifelong commitment to a liberal, democratic form of government grew. Hungary’s liberal thinkers blossomed in the nineteenth centruy, but their orientation was more political and practical than philosophical. Enlightenment ideas did not penetrate deeply into Hungarian society, which in recent centuries was hampered by its Eastern European and feudal ties. Thus Polanyi felt he had to move to more liberal countries.
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  16.  42
    A Framework Linking Non-Living and Living Systems: Classification of Persistence, Survival and Evolution Transitions. [REVIEW]L. Dennis, R. W. Gray, L. H. Kauffman, J. Brender McNair & N. J. Woolf - 2009 - Foundations of Science 14 (3):217-238.
    We propose a framework for analyzing the development, operation and failure to survive of all things, living, non-living or organized groupings. This framework is a sequence of developments that improve survival capability. Framework processes range from origination of any entity/system, to the development of increased survival capability and development of life-forms and organizations that use intelligence. This work deals with a series of developmental changes that arise from the uncovering of emergent properties. The framework is intended to be general, but (...)
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  17.  68
    The Beneficial and the Harmful.Maurice Dennis - 1967 - Analysis 27 (5):159 - 162.
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  18. Quantum Consciousness: Reconciling Science and Spirituality Toward Our Evolutionary Future(S).Kingsley L. Dennis - 2010 - World Futures 66 (7):511-524.
  19.  43
    The Use of Water as a Medium for Altered States of Consciousness in Early Jewish Mysticism: A Cross-Disciplinary Analysis.Geoffrey W. Dennis - 2008 - Anthropology of Consciousness 19 (1):84-106.
    This article combines the disciplines of textual/linguistic analysis, anthropology, and perceptual psychology to examine selected ancient Jewish mystical texts that claim to describe the praxis for ascents into heaven and encounters with angelic spirits in order to reconstruct the psychosocial context of these literary works. Specifically, the article examines Hekhalot or "Divine Palaces" texts that deal with hydromancy, giving attention to their mythic–symbolic assumptions, their described preparatory and triggering rituals, and their accounts of the ASC (altered states of consciousness) visions (...)
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  20.  90
    Sensoring the Future: Complex Geographies of Connectivity and Communication.Kingsley Dennis - 2008 - World Futures 64 (1):22 – 33.
    Visions of an interconnected future are on the rise that foresee technologies moving toward ubiquitous "everywhere" computing and the rise of the "Internet of Things." This article examines emerging trends in informational connectivity that indicates shifts toward upcoming scenarios of re-imagined geographies and spatial landscapes that are sensored and networked. I examine how the relationships, processes, and flows between people, physical objects, and the environment will make implicit information explicit and engagement between the physical and the digital more commonplace. These (...)
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  21.  23
    Dewey's Debt to Albert Coombs Barnes.Lawrence J. Dennis - 1972 - Educational Theory 22 (3):325-333.
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  22.  19
    The Ethical Undercurrents of Pension Fund Management: Establishing a Research Agenda.Bryan Dennis - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (3):315-335.
    Over the last two decades, institutional investing has rocked the world of corporate governance in a transformation that has begunto be reflected in the finance, legal, and management literatures. Traditional players have seen their roles change and bases of powershift, and new actors have entered the governance equation. These transitions have entailed an ethical upheaval that is only beginningto be addressed in the business ethics literature.This paper attempts to facilitate research in this area by integrating various literatures into an examination (...)
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  23.  68
    Predicting the Difficulty of Complex Logical Reasoning Problems.Stephen E. Newstead, Peter Bradon, Simon J. Handley, Ian Dennis & Jonathan St B. T. Evans - 2006 - Thinking and Reasoning 12 (1):62 – 90.
    The aim of the present research was to develop a difficulty model for logical reasoning problems involving complex ordered arrays used in the Graduate Record Examination. The approach used involved breaking down the problems into their basic cognitive elements such as the complexity of the rules used, the number of mental models required to represent the problem, and question type. Weightings for these different elements were derived from two experimental studies and from the reasoning literature. Based on these weights, difficulty (...)
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  24.  51
    A Logical Critique of Mathematical Formalism in Economics.Ken Dennis - 1995 - Journal of Economic Methodology 2 (2):181-200.
    Mathematical economic theory is lacking in logical rigour. Even if the mathematics used in constructing formal economic theory is rigorous as pure mathematics, economic theory possesses both mathematical and non-mathematical components. But mathematical reductionism fails to formalize the non-mathematical components of economic theory, and the method of numerics (outlined in this paper) shows how, in simple cases, the two components of economic theory can be formally identified, distinguished, and integrated. However, the real challenge to formalizing economic theory points not to (...)
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  25.  35
    Mead and Dewey: Thematic Connections on Educational Topics.Lawrence J. Dennis & George W. Stickel - 1981 - Educational Theory 31 (3-4):319-331.
  26.  49
    Dithyrambs and Ploughshares: The Cycle of Creation and Criticism in Nietzsche's Aesthetics.Amanda Dennis - 2011 - The European Legacy 16 (4):469 - 485.
    Pairing Thus Spoke Zarathustra with On the Genealogy of Morality foregrounds tensions between artistic creation and critical interpretation in Nietzsche's work. From The Birth of Tragedy to his genesis of the concept, Will to Power, Nietzsche describes the real, or ?what is,? in terms of a creative, form-giving force. We might therefore read Zarathustra?a linguistically experimental, richly allegorical, self-reflexive, modernist prose poem?as the pre-eminent, artistic mode of philosophical expression, at least for Nietzsche. But Zarathustra is followed by a sober Abhandlung (...)
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  27.  29
    Phenomenology: Philosophy, Psychology and Education.Russell Dennis - 1974 - Educational Theory 24 (2):142-154.
  28.  23
    The Teaching of Medical Ethics at Southampton University Medical School.K. J. Dennis & M. R. Hall - 1977 - Journal of Medical Ethics 3 (4):183-185.
    For centuries medical schools in Britain and elsewhere had a fairly static curriculum based on what might be called the 'three Rs' of medicine, and consequently had to make room for new subjects as the need arose in a fashion which was sometimes makeshift. However, Southampton University has only had a medical school for six years, and therefore their course on medical ethics and legal medicine was carefully integrated into the curriculum after some preliminary experiments carried out by a subcommittee (...)
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  29.  38
    A Review of “Cultivating the Spirit: How College Can Enhance Students' Inner Lives”. [REVIEW]Riki Sarah Dennis - 2011 - World Futures 67 (6):449 - 452.
    World Futures, Volume 67, Issue 6, Page 449-452, August-September 2011.
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  30.  35
    The Political and Ethical Aspects of Lynching.Alfred Pearce Dennis - 1905 - International Journal of Ethics 15 (2):149-161.
  31.  32
    Conversations Platonic and Neoplatonic: Intellect, Soul, and Nature.Gary Gabor - 2011 - International Journal of the Platonic Tradition 5 (2):339-341.
  32.  33
    Art Encounters Deleuze and Guattari: Thought Beyond Representation. By Simon O'Sullivan.Amanda Dennis - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (1):168-169.
  33.  30
    Music Appreciation: The Confrontation of Social Interest and Aesthetic Experience.Lawrence J. Dennis & Peter G. Whitehouse - 1977 - Educational Theory 27 (2):141-147.
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  34.  31
    Culture and Individual Differences.Arthur B. Markman, Serge Blok, John Dennis, Micah Goldwater, Kyungil Kim, Jeff Laux, Lisa Narvaez & Eric Taylor - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):831-831.
    Tests of economic theory often focus on choice outcomes and find significant individual differences in these outcomes. This variability may mask universal psychological processes that lead to different choices because of differences across cultures in the information people have available when making decisions. On this view, decision making research within and across cultures must focus on the processes underlying choice.
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  35.  31
    Refractions of Reality: Philosophy and the Moving Image.Amanda M. Dennis - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (1):115 – 119.
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  36.  20
    Plato’s Republic.Gary Gabor - 2011 - International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (4):535-537.
  37.  17
    Reviews. [REVIEW]D. Gabor - 1958 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 9 (34):351-352.
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  38.  30
    Money and Motivational Activation.Arthur B. Markman, Serge Blok, John Dennis, Micah Goldwater, Kyungil Kim, Jeff Laux, Lisa Narvaez & Jon Rein - 2006 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 29 (2):190-190.
    Different aspects of people's interactions with money are best conceptualized using the drug and tool theories. The key question is when these models of money are most likely to guide behavior. We suggest that the Drug Theory characterizes motivationally active uses of money and that the Tool Theory characterizes behavior in motivationally cool situations. (Published Online April 5 2006).
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  39.  15
    Book Notes. [REVIEW]Gary Gabor - 2007 - International Philosophical Quarterly 47 (1):128-129.
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  40.  7
    Reviews. [REVIEW]D. Gabor - 1966 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 16 (64):351-352.
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  41. The Dynamics of War and Revolution.Lawrence Dennis - 1980 - Institute for Historical Review.
  42. Rethinking Secularization: Philosophy and the Prophecy of a Secular Age.Herbert De Vriese & Gary Gabor (eds.) - 2009 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
     
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  43. Imre Lakatos' Hungarian Dissertation. A Documentation Arranged by Gábor Kutrovátz.Gábor Kutrovátz - 2002 - In G. Kampis, L.: Kvasz & M. Stöltzner (eds.), Appraising Lakatos: Mathematics, Methodology and the Man. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 353--374.
     
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  44.  82
    Review of Dennis Des Chene, Life's Form: Late Aristotelian Conceptions of the Soul. [REVIEW]John Sutton - 2002 - Metapsychology 6 (22).
    In the late 16th and early 17th centuries, a number of ‘liberal Jesuit scholastics’ produced the last great synthesis of Aristotelian psychology with Christian theology. In this magnificently sympathetic reconstruction of their systems of the soul, Dennis Des Chene rescues Toletus, Suarez, and the other ‘schoolmen’ from neglect which resulted from scornful dismissals by Descartes and his fellows. Deliberating bypassing the political and medical contexts of their work, and focusing almost exclusively on Jesuit rather than other, ‘dissident’ Renaissance Aristotelianisms, (...)
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  45.  18
    Dennis Schmidt and His Conception of Philosophical Hermeneutics.Luiz Rohden & Dennis Schmidt - 2017 - Filosofia Unisinos 18 (3).
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  46.  14
    Die Araber Und Die Antike Wissenschaftstheorie: [Übersetzung Aus Dem Ungarischen von Johanna Till Und Gábor Kerekes].Miklos Maróth, Johanna Till & Gábor Kerekes - 1994 - Brill.
    The book then discusses another group of issues ("whether it is, what it is, how and why it is"), which determined the argumentation, the axiomatic ordering of the sciences, and concludes with a demonstration on the basis of concrete ...
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  47.  39
    On Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia.Stephen Menn - 2000 - Perspectives on Science 8 (2):119-143.
    Dennis Des Chene's Physiologia: Natural Philosophy in Late Aristotelian and Cartesian Thought reconstructs the discourse of late scholastic natural philosophy, and assesses Descartes' agreements and disagreements. In a critical discussion, I offer a different interpretation of late scholastic theories of final causality and of God's concursus with created efficient causes. Fonseca's and Suárez' conceptions of final causality in nature depend on their claim that a single action can be the action of two agents at once--in particular, of God and (...)
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  48.  21
    Hume on Luxury: A Response to John Dennis?J. Stafford - 1999 - History of Political Thought 20 (4):646-648.
    Hume's essay ‘Of Luxury’ criticizes two extreme and contrasting doctrines: that luxury is always beneficial to society and that it is always baneful. Hume identifies the exponent of the first proposition as Bernard Mandeville in his book The Fable of the Bees, but does not name the second target of his essay. It is most probably John Dennis, one of Mandeville's contemporary critics. The evidence for this is that Hume challenges and contradicts three clearly defined theses advanced in (...)'s book Vice and Luxury Publick Mischiefs. (shrink)
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  49.  4
    Interview with Gábor István Bíró.Phil Mullins - 2019 - Tradition and Discovery 45 (1):55-61.
    This interview with Gábor István Bíró reviews topics explored in his 2017 Budapest University of Technology and Economics dissertation on Polanyi’s work in economics education and on his diagrammatic film.
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  50.  22
    Foreknowledge: Nelson Pike and Newcomb's Problem: DENNIS M. AHERN.Dennis M. Ahern - 1979 - Religious Studies 15 (4):475-490.
    The problem of foreknowledge and freedom presents a challenge to the defender of traditional Western theism. Nelson Pike has argued that the existence of an essentially omniscient God who possesses foreknowledge is incompatible with human freedom. Pike's opponents in this matter, among whom is Alvin Plantinga, argue that no incompatibility has yet been shown. I shall develop the view that neither Pike nor his opponents have conclusively settled the question whether foreknowledge and freedom are compatible. Furthermore there is a reason (...)
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