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Dennis Krebs [11]Dennis L. Krebs [9]
  1. Morality: An Evolutionary Account.Dennis Krebs - 2008 - Perspectives on Psychological Science 3 (3):149-172.
    Refinements in Darwin’s theory of the origin of a moral sense create a framework equipped to organize and integrate contemporary theory and research on morality. Morality originated in deferential, cooperative, and altruistic ‘‘social instincts,’’ or decision-making strategies, that enabled early humans to maximize their gains from social living and resolve their conflicts of interest in adaptive ways. Moral judgments, moral norms, and conscience originated from strategic interactions among members of groups who experienced confluences and conflicts of interest. Moral argumentation buttressed (...)
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  2.  13
    Toward a More Pragmatic Approach to Morality: A Critical Evaluation of Kohlberg's Model.Dennis L. Krebs & Kathy Denton - 2005 - Psychological Review 112 (3):629-649.
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  3.  31
    The Origins of Morality: An Evolutionary Account.Dennis L. Krebs - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    In order to account fully for morality, Dennis Krebs departs from traditional approaches to morality that suggest that children acquire morals through ...
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  4.  38
    The Construction of Moral Dilemmas in Everyday Life.Gillian R. Wark & Dennis L. Krebs - 2000 - Journal of Moral Education 29 (1):5-21.
    This study investigated the extent to which people interpret real-life moral dilemmas in terms of an internal moral orientation, as Gilligan (1982, 1988) has suggested, or in terms of the content of the dilemma, as Wark and Krebs (1996, 1997) have reported. Thirty women and 30 men listed the issues they saw in descriptions of real-life prosocial, antisocial and social pressure types of moral dilemma. Results revealed that Gilligan's model underestimates the influence of dilemma content. Moral dilemmas differed in the (...)
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  5.  23
    Gender and Perspective Differences in Moral Judgement and Moral Orientation.Dennis L. Krebs, Sandra C. Vermeulen, Kathy L. Denton & Jeremy I. Carpendale - 1994 - Journal of Moral Education 23 (1):17-26.
    Abstract Forty male and female adults responded to two forms of Kohlberg's test??one in the standard third?person form, and the other imagining themselves as the protagonists in Kohlberg's dilemmas. Females obtained slightly lower moral maturity scores than males across both forms, but there were no sex differences in moral orientation. There were no significant effects for the perspective from which Kohlberg's test was taken, on either moral maturity or moral orientation. Care?oriented moral judgements were more prevalent in dilemmas involving life (...)
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  6.  20
    The Forms and Functions of Real‐Life Moral Decision‐Making.Dennis L. Krebs, Kathy Denton & Gillian Wark - 1997 - Journal of Moral Education 26 (2):131-145.
    Abstract People rarely make the types of moral judgement evoked by Kohlberg's test when they make moral decisions in their everyday lives. The anticipated consequences of real?life moral decisions, to self and to others, may influence moral choices and the structure of moral reasoning. To understand real?life moral judgement we must attend to its functions, which, although they occasionally involve resolving hypothetical moral dilemmas like those on Kohlberg's test, more often involve promoting good social relations, upholding favourable self?concepts and justifying (...)
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  7.  78
    Psychological Approaches to Altruism: An Evaluation.Dennis Krebs - 1982 - Ethics 92 (3):447-458.
  8.  7
    Explanatory Limitations of Cognitive-Developmental Approaches to Morality.Dennis L. Krebs & Kathy Denton - 2006 - Psychological Review 113 (3):672-675.
  9.  8
    Evolutionary Games and Morality.Dennis Krebs - 2000 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 7 (1-2):1-2.
    The implications of game theory models of the evolution of strategies of exchange are explored with respect to the evolution of moral dispositions. I argue that dispositions to practice tit for tat strategies could have evolved, but the moral behaviours to which they give rise do not fare well on criteria of morality. Inasmuch as the strategy implicit in the Golden Rule is unconditional, it could not have evolved in environments containing strategies that exploit it. However, dispositions to invoke conditional (...)
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  10.  4
    Egoistic Incentives in Experimental Games.Dennis Krebs - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):713-714.
  11.  16
    Role‐Taking Ability and Altruistic Behaviour in Elementary School Children.Dennis Krebs & Bert Sturrup - 1982 - Journal of Moral Education 11 (2):94-100.
    Abstract Twenty?four second? and third?grade children were given two cognitively?based role?taking tests developed by Flavell et al. (1968). The children's social behaviour was observed over a two?month period. It was coded according to a scheme introduced by the anthropologists Whiting and Whiting (1975) which produces composite scores of egoism and altruism. Teachers rated the children's social behaviour and role?taking ability. IQ scores were obtained from school records. Tests of the reliability and validity of the measures of role?taking and altruism were (...)
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  12.  18
    Adaptive Altruistic Strategies.Dennis L. Krebs - 2002 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 25 (2):265-266.
    Biological, cognitive, and learning explanations of altruism, selfishness, and self-control can be integrated in terms of adaptive strategies. The key to understanding why humans and other animals sometimes resist temptation and sacrifice their immediate interests for the sake of others lies in mapping the design of the evolved mental mechanisms that give rise to the decisions in question.
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  13. Born Bad? Evaluating the Case Against the Evolution of Morality.Dennis Krebs - 2010 - In Henrik Høgh-Olesen (ed.), Human Morality and Sociality: Evolutionary and Comparative Perspectives. Palgrave-Macmillan.
     
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  14.  2
    Benign Folie À Deux: The Social Construction of Positive Illusions.Dennis L. Krebs & Kathy Denton - 2009 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 32 (6):525 - 526.
    McKay & Dennett (M&D) have done an admirable job of distinguishing among various forms of misbelief and evaluating the idea that they stem from evolved mental mechanisms. We argue that a complete account of misbeliefs must attend to the role that others play in creating and maintaining positive illusions.
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  15. Detecting Genetic Similarity Without Detecting Genetic Similarity.Dennis Krebs - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (3):533-534.
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  16.  6
    Deciphering the Structure of the Moral Sense. [REVIEW]Dennis Krebs - 2007 - Evolution and Human Behaviour 28:294-298.
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  17.  7
    In Response to the Idea That Morality Originated When Subordinate Members of Groups Banded Together to Constrain More Dominant Members, I Argue That a More General Function of Morality is to Uphold Systems of Cooperative Exchange Ever Threatened By.Dennis Krebs - 2000 - In Leonard Katz (ed.), Evolutionary Origins of Morality: Cross Disciplinary Perspectives. Imprint Academic. pp. 1--139.
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  18.  24
    On Levels of Analysis and Theoretical Integration: Models of Social Behavior.Dennis Krebs - 2000 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):260-261.
    Evolutionary theory supplies a framework for integrative models of social behavior. In addition to those that include conditioning, evolutionary theory is equipped to explain the acquisition of structures designed to enable individuals to learn by observing others, create mental models of the environment, and coordinate social interactions by taking the perspectives of others.
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  19.  4
    The Age of Empathy: Nature’s Lessons for a Kinder Society.Dennis L. Krebs - 2011 - Journal of Moral Education 40 (1):125-127.
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  20.  47
    The Many Faces of Self-Deception.Dennis Krebs, J'Anne Ward & Tim Racine - 1997 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 20 (1):119-119.
    Those who invoke the word self-deception to represent one phenomenon often argue that those who use it to represent another are misusing the construct. Better to recognize that self-deception is a fuzzy concept that may be used to represent a variety of mental processes and states, and to direct our energy toward distinguishing empirically among its forms and functions.
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