Results for 'Dennis Mathew'

994 found
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  1. Odors: from chemical structures to gaseous plumes.Benjamin D. Young, James A. Escalon & Dennis Mathew - 2020 - Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews 111:19-29.
    We are immersed within an odorous sea of chemical currents that we parse into individual odors with complex structures. Odors have been posited as determined by the structural relation between the molecules that compose the chemical compounds and their interactions with the receptor site. But, naturally occurring smells are parsed from gaseous odor plumes. To give a comprehensive account of the nature of odors the chemosciences must account for these large distributed entities as well. We offer a focused review of (...)
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  2.  3
    Loss of Smell in COVID-19 Patients: Lessons and Opportunities.Dennis Mathew - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
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  3.  5
    The modern condition: essays at century's end.Dennis Hume Wrong - 1998 - Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press.
    In this collection, a leading sociologist brings his distinctive method of social criticism to bear on some of the most significant ideas, political and social events, and thinkers of the late twentieth century. In the first section, the author examines several concepts that have figured prominently in recent political-ideological controversies: capitalism, rationality, totalitarianism, power, alienation, left and right, and cultural relativism/ multiculturalism. He considers their origins, historical shifts in their meaning and the myths surrounding them, and their resonance beyond their (...)
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  4. Architectural Values, Political Affordances and Selective Permeability.Mathew Crippen & Vladan Klement - 2020 - Open Philosophy 3 (1):462–477.
    This article connects value-sensitive design to Gibson’s affordance theory: the view that we perceive in terms of the ease or difficulty with which we can negotiate space. Gibson’s ideas offer a nonsubjectivist way of grasping culturally relative values, out of which we develop a concept of political affordances, here understood as openings or closures for social action, often implicit. Political affordances are equally about environments and capacities to act in them. Capacities and hence the severity of affordances vary with age, (...)
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  5.  72
    Nurturing the Whole Person: The Ethics of Workplace Spirituality in a Society of Organizations.Mathew L. Sheep - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 66 (4):357-375.
    In a world which can be increasingly described as a “society of organizations,” it is incumbent upon organizational researchers to account for the role of organizations in determining the well-being of societies and the individuals that comprise them. Workplace spirituality is a young area of inquiry with potentially strong relevance to the well-being of individuals, organizations, and societies. Previous literature has not examined ethical dilemmas related to workplace spirituality that organizations might expect based upon the co-existence of multiple ethical work (...)
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  6.  8
    The Ecological Self.Freya Mathews - 1990 - Savage, Md.: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    The environmental philosophy that has grown from the ecological movement has often been accused of providing no rational arguments for the holistic concepts it embraces. This is the first book to consider the metaphysical foundations of ecological ethics. The author seeks to provide a metaphysical support for the basic institutions of the 'one-ness' and the interconnectedness of everything, the fundamental principles of the ecological movement.
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  7.  56
    Moral development and pr ethics.Mathew Cabot - 2005 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 20 (4):321 – 332.
    Research in public relations ethics has focused primarily on moral philosophy and applied normative ethics. Although these efforts may help to theoretically "ground" ethical behavior, they offer little help in understanding the complex processes by which public relations practitioners reason through moral decisions. This article is designed to introduce moral reasoning theories into public relations ethics research by using the Defining Issues Test to generate baseline data for future research.
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  8.  13
    The “reality” of the Lorentz contraction.Dennis Dieks - 1984 - Zeitschrift Für Allgemeine Wissenschaftstheorie 15 (2):330-342.
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  9.  34
    From Reality to World. A Critical Perspective on AI Fairness.Jean-Marie John-Mathews, Dominique Cardon & Christine Balagué - 2022 - Journal of Business Ethics 178 (4):945-959.
    Fairness of Artificial Intelligence decisions has become a big challenge for governments, companies, and societies. We offer a theoretical contribution to consider AI ethics outside of high-level and top-down approaches, based on the distinction between “reality” and “world” from Luc Boltanski. To do so, we provide a new perspective on the debate on AI fairness and show that criticism of ML unfairness is “realist”, in other words, grounded in an already instituted reality based on demographic categories produced by institutions. Second, (...)
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  10.  17
    Medical practice variations: what the literature tells us (or does not) about what are warranted and unwarranted variations.Mathew Mercuri & Amiram Gafni - 2011 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 17 (4):671-677.
  11. The Poetic Experience of the World.Mathew Abbott - 2010 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 18 (4):493-516.
    In this article I develop Heidegger's phenomenology of poetry, showing that it may provide grounds for rejecting claims that he lapses into linguistic idealism. Proceeding via an analysis of the three concepts of language operative in the philosopher's work, I demonstrate how poetic language challenges language's designative and world-disclosive functions. The experience with poetic language, which disrupts Dasein's absorption by emerging out of equipmentality in the mode of the broken tool, brings Dasein to wonder at the world's existence in such (...)
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  12. Inquiring Attitudes and Erotetic Logic: Norms of Restriction and Expansion.Dennis Whitcomb & Jared Millson - forthcoming - Journal of the American Philosophical Association:1-23.
    A fascinating recent turn in epistemology focuses on inquiring attitudes like wondering and being curious. Many have argued that these attitudes are governed by norms similar to those that govern our doxastic attitudes. Yet, to date, this work has only considered norms that might *prohibit* having certain inquiring attitudes (``norms of restriction''), while ignoring those that might *require* having them (``norms of expansion''). We aim to address that omission by offering a framework that generates norms of expansion for inquiring attitudes. (...)
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  13. The Ethical and Economic Case for Sweatshop Regulation.Mathew Coakley & Michael Kates - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (3):553-558.
    Three types of objections have been raised against sweatshops. According to their critics, sweatshops are (1) exploitative, (2) coercive, and (3) harmful to workers. In “The Ethical and Economic Case Against Sweatshop Labor: A Critical Assessment,” Powell and Zwolinski critique all three objections and thereby offer what is arguably the most powerful defense of sweatshops in the philosophical literature to date. This article demonstrates that, whether or not unregulated sweatshops are exploitative or coercive, they are, pace Powell and Zwolinski, harmful (...)
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  14. One Kind of Asking.Dennis Whitcomb - 2017 - Philosophical Quarterly 67 (266).
    This paper extends several themes from recent work on norms of assertion. It does as much by applying those themes to the speech act of asking. In particular, it argues for the view that there is a species of asking which is governed by a certain norm, a norm to the effect that one should ask a question only if one doesn’t know its answer.
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  15.  58
    The Equivalence Principle(s).Dennis Lehmkuhl - 2022 - In Eleanor Knox & Alastair Wilson (eds.), The Routledge Companion to Philosophy of Physics. London, UK: Routledge.
    I discuss the relationship between different versions of the equivalence principle in general relativity, among them Einstein's equivalence principle, the weak equivalence principle, and the strong equivalence principle. I show that Einstein's version of the equivalence principle is intimately linked to his idea that in GR gravity and inertia are unified to a single field, quite like the electric and magnetic field had been unified in special relativistic electrodynamics. At the same time, what is now often called the strong equivalence (...)
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  16. Gap? What Gap?—On the Unity of Apperception and the Necessary Application of the Categories.Dennis Schulting - 2017 - In Giuseppe Motta & Udo Thiel (eds.), Immanuel Kant: Die Einheit des Bewusstseins (Kant-Studien Ergänzungshefte). DeGruyter. pp. 89-113.
  17. Intellectual Humility: Owning Our Limitations.Dennis Whitcomb, Heather Battaly, Jason Baehr & Daniel Howard-Snyder - 2017 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 94 (3):509-539.
    What is intellectual humility? In this essay, we aim to answer this question by assessing several contemporary accounts of intellectual humility, developing our own account, offering two reasons for our account, and meeting two objections and solving one puzzle.
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  18. Values in Psychometrics.Lisa D. Wijsen, Denny Borsboom & Anna Alexandrova - forthcoming - Perspectives on Psychological Science.
    When it originated in the late 19th century, psychometrics was a field with both a scientific and a social mission: psychometrics provided new methods for research into individual differences, and at the same time, these psychometric instruments were considered a means to create a new social order. In contrast, contemporary psychometrics - due to its highly technical nature and its limited involvement in substantive psychological research - has created the impression of being a value-free discipline. In this article, we develop (...)
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  19.  19
    The figure of this world: Agamben and the question of political ontology.Mathew Abbott - 2014 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    Introduction: the figure of this world -- 1. The question of political ontology -- 2. The poetic experience of the world -- 3. The myth of the earth -- 4. The unbearable -- 5. The creature before the law -- 6. The animal for which animality is an issue -- 7. Understanding the happy -- 8. The picture and its captives -- 9. The passing of the figure of this world.
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  20.  9
    Shared semantics: Exploring the interface between human and chimpanzee gestural communication.Mathew Henderson, Patrick G. Grosz, Kirsty E. Graham, Catherine Hobaiter & Pritty Patel-Grosz - forthcoming - Mind and Language.
    Striking similarities across ape gestural repertoires suggest shared phylogenetic origins that likely provided a foundation for the emergence of language. We pilot a novel approach for exploring possible semantic universals across human and nonhuman ape species. In a forced‐choice task, n = 300 participants watched 10 chimpanzee gesture forms performed by a human and chose from responses that paralleled inferred meanings for chimpanzee gestures. Participants agreed on a single meaning for nine gesture forms; in six of these the agreed form‐meaning (...)
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  21.  31
    Barry Bonds vs. the Media.Mathew A. Cabot - 2011 - Journal of Mass Media Ethics 26 (1):66-70.
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  22.  25
    Effect of probability of competing responses in probabilistic verbal acquisition.Mathew Erdelyi, Barbara Watts & James F. Voss - 1964 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 68 (4):323.
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  23. Guilt: The Debt and the Stain.Samuel Reis-Dennis - manuscript
    Abstract: Contemporary analytic philosophers of the “reactive attitudes” tend to share a simple conception of guilt as “self-directed blame”—roughly, an “unpleasant affect” felt in combination with, or in response to, the thought that one has violated a moral requirement, evinced substandard “quality of will,” or is blameworthy. I believe that this simple conception is inadequate. As an alternative, I offer my own theory of guilt’s logic and its connection to morality. In doing so, I attempt to articulate guilt’s defining thought (...)
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  24. Public Choice Iii.Dennis Mueller - 2003 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book represents a considerable revision and expansion of Public Choice II. Six new chapters have been added, and several chapters from the previous edition have been extensively revised. The discussion of empirical work in public choice has been greatly expanded. As in the previous editions, all of the major topics of public choice are covered. These include: why the state exists, voting rules, federalism, the theory of clubs, two-party and multiparty electoral systems, rent seeking, bureaucracy, interest groups, dictatorship, the (...)
     
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  25. Curiosity was Framed.Dennis Whitcomb - 2010 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 81 (3):664-687.
    This paper explores the nature of curiosity from an epistemological point of view. First it motivates this exploration by explaining why epistemologists do and should care about what curiosity is. Then it surveys the relevant literature and develops a particular approach.
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  26.  22
    Patient participation in the clinical encounter and clinical practice guidelines: The case of patients’ participation in a GRADEd world.Mathew Mercuri, Brian S. Baigrie & Amiram Gafni - 2021 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 85 (C):192-199.
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  27.  10
    The Effects of Mirror Feedback during Target Directed Movements on Ipsilateral Corticospinal Excitability.Mathew Yarossi, Thushini Manuweera, Sergei V. Adamovich & Eugene Tunik - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  28.  3
    Editor’s Words: Kyoto School, Everydayness, and the Logic of Social History.Dennis Stromback - forthcoming - Journal of East Asian Philosophy.
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  29.  43
    Confucianism and American Philosophy.Mathew A. Foust - 2017 - Albany, USA: SUNY Press.
    In this highly original work, Mathew A. Foust breaks new ground in comparative studies through his exploration of the connections between Confucianism and the American Transcendentalist and Pragmatist movements. In his examination of a broad range of philosophers, including Confucius, Mencius, Xunzi, Ralph Waldo Emerson, Henry David Thoreau, Charles Peirce, William James, and Josiah Royce, Foust traces direct lines of influence from early translations of Confucian texts and brings to light conceptual affinities that have been previously overlooked. Combining resources (...)
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  30.  77
    Re-Examining Sartre’s Reading of The Myth Of Sisyphus.Mathew Lamb - 2012 - Philosophy Today 56 (1):100-111.
  31.  3
    Making space for cultural equality in educational leadership: school ethos and postcolonial pedagogy.Mathew Barnard - 2024 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book foregrounds postcolonial theory as a lens through which to explore the concept of 'global heritage' and argues that the meso-level spaces of institutional ethos and cultural pedagogy must take an active role in the pursuit of cultural equality. Through interviews and accounts of observational, eampirical data, chapters draw attention to how the cultural capital of Global Majority students is institutionally positioned as a racialised and inferior cultural capital that is constantly required to 'prove itself' in the Western school. (...)
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  32. Why Poetry.Mathew Zapruder - 2017
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  33.  50
    Restoring Responsibility: Ethics in Government, Business, and Healthcare.Dennis F. Thompson - 1980 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    In this important collection of essays Dennis Thompson argues for a more robust conception of responsibility in public life than prevails in contemporary democracies. He suggests that we should stop thinking so much about public ethics in terms of individual vices and start thinking about it more in terms of institutional vices. Combining theory and practice with many concrete examples and proposals for reform, these essays could be used in courses in applied ethics or political theory and will be (...)
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  34.  32
    Overcoming Individual Limitations Through Distributed Computation: Rational Information Accumulation in Multigenerational Populations.Mathew D. Hardy, Peaks M. Krafft, Bill Thompson & Thomas L. Griffiths - 2022 - Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (3):550-573.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 14, Issue 3, Page 550-573, July 2022.
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  35.  19
    Demythologizing `or'. MathewsBill Jr - 1974 - Mind 83 (329):106-107.
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  36.  10
    Abbas Kiarostami and film-philosophy.Mathew Abbott - 2017 - Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
    This book presents a powerful new film-philosophy through the cinema of Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami. Mathew Abbott argues that Kiarostami's films carry out cinematic thinking: they do not just illustrate pre-existing philosophical ideas, but do real philosophical work. Crossing the divide between analytic and continental philosophy, he draws on Ludwig Wittgenstein, Stanley Cavell, John McDowell, Alice Crary, Noël Carroll, Giorgio Agamben and Martin Heidegger, bringing out the thinking at work in Kiarostami's later films: Taste of Cherry, The Wind Will (...)
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  37. The Metaphysics of Super‐Substantivalism.Dennis Lehmkuhl - 2018 - Noûs 52 (1):24-46.
    Recent decades have seen a revived interest in super-substantivalism, the idea that spacetime is the only fundamental substance and matter some kind of aspect, property or consequence of spacetime structure. However, the metaphysical debate so far has misidentified a particular variant of super-substantivalism with the position per se. I distinguish between a super-substantival core commitment and different ways of fleshing it out. I then investigate how general relativity and alternative spacetime theories square with the different variants of super-substantivalism.
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  38.  23
    The effectiveness of clinical guideline implementation strategies – a synthesis of systematic review findings.Mathew Prior, Michelle Guerin & Karen Grimmer-Somers - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (5):888-897.
  39.  12
    Michael Fried and Philosophy: Absorption, Theatricality, and Modernism.Mathew Abbott (ed.) - 2017 - London: Routledge.
    This book brings together philosophers, literary theorists, and art historians to argue for the philosophical significance of Michael Fried’s art history and criticism. It demonstrates that Fried’s analyses of absorption and theatricality, and the accounts of modernism he develops from them, can throw new light on problems in aesthetics, and questions of authenticity, scepticism, modernity, and politics. Featuring an essay by Fried and articles from world-leading scholars, this collection contributes to current debates in aesthetics, modernism studies, literary studies, art theory, (...)
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  40. Nature, significance, and the human perspective: Refusing the choice between scientism and posthumanism.Mathew Abbott - forthcoming - Thesis Eleven.
    This paper criticises contemporary posthumanist theories of anthropocentrism by reading an early essay by Bertrand Russell alongside work by Rosi Braidotti and Jane Bennett. It argues that, despite appearances, scientism and posthumanism share key commitments in common, such that clarifying the problems with which Russell struggles regarding nature and significance can illuminate symmetrical problems in posthumanism. Against these alternatives, the paper draws on insights from Bernard Williams, contemporary Hegelian philosophy, and J. J. Gibson’s work on animal agency to sketch a (...)
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  41.  7
    Demythologizing 'Or'.Bill Mathews - 1974 - Mind 83 (329):106-107.
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  42.  11
    How to succeed in the practice of medicine.Joseph McDowell Mathews - 1905 - New York,: Arno Press.
    How TO SUCCEED IN THE PRACTICE OF MEDICINE CHAPTER I REQUIREMENTS FOR ENTERING THE MEDICAL PROFESSION It is not within the province of the writer to ...
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  43.  54
    Six criticisms of "the arbitrary as basis for rational morality".Shailer Mathews, G. Watts Cunningham, Frank H. Knight, Walton H. Hamilton, Max Ascoli & David F. Swenson - 1933 - International Journal of Ethics 43 (2):144-166.
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  44. .Dennis Krämer - 2020
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  45. The Animal for which Animality is an Issue: nietzsche, agamben, and the anthropological machine.Mathew Abbott - 2011 - Angelaki 16 (4):87-99.
    There is congruence between Nietzsche’s philosophy of life and the biopolitical philosophy of Giorgio Agamben. For both philosophers the human animal possesses a divided relationship to its being alive. For both philosophers this division is of a political nature, such that membership in political community as we know it is conditional on the human animal’s alienation from its biological being. Both philosophers are also concerned with the possibility of transformation and, because of the connection they establish between politics and animality, (...)
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  46. The Ontogenesis of the Human Person: A Neo-Aristotelian View.Mathew Lu - 2013 - University of St. Thomas Journal of Law and Public Policy 8 (1):96-116.
    In this paper I examine the question of when human life begins from a neo-Aristotelian perspective. In my view, the basic principles of Aristotle’s metaphysics inform an account of human life (and the human person) that offers the best available explanation of the available phenomena. This account – the substance account of the human person – can fully incorporate the contemporary findings of empirical embryology, while also recognizing the essential uniqueness of rational human nature.
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  47.  42
    Von Neumann’s Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata: A Useful Framework for Biosemiotics?Dennis P. Waters - 2012 - Biosemiotics 5 (1):5-15.
    As interpreted by Pattee, von Neumann’s Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata has proved to be a useful tool for understanding some of the difficulties and paradoxes of molecular biosemiotics. But is its utility limited to molecular systems or is it more generally applicable within biosemiotics? One way of answering that question is to look at the Theory as a model for one particular high-level biosemiotic activity, human language. If the model is not useful for language, then it certainly cannot be generally (...)
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  48.  62
    Conservation and Self-Realization: A Deep Ecology Perspective.Freya Mathews - 1988 - Environmental Ethics 10 (4):347-355.
    Nature in its wider cosmic sense is not at risk from human exploitation and predation. To see life on Earth as but a local manifestation of this wider, indestructable and inexhaustible nature is to shield ourselves from despair over the fate of our Earth. But to take this wide view also appears to make interventionist political action on behalf of nature-which is to say, conservation-superfluous. If we identify with nature in its widest sense, as deep ecology prescribes, then the “self-defence” (...)
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  49. Interpersonal Comparisons of the Good: Epistemic not Impossible.Mathew Coakley - 2016 - Utilitas 28 (3):288-313.
    To evaluate the overall good/welfare of any action, policy or institutional choice we need some way of comparing the benefits and losses to those affected: we need to make interpersonal comparisons of the good/welfare. Yet sceptics have worried either: that such comparisons are impossible as they involve an impossible introspection across individuals, getting ‘into their minds’; that they are indeterminate as individual-level information is compatible with a range of welfare numbers; or that they are metaphysically mysterious as they assume the (...)
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  50. Defusing Thomson's Violinist Analogy.Mathew Lu - 2013 - Human Life Review 39 (1):46-62.
    In this paper I take a critical look at Judith Jarvis Thomson famous violinist analogy for abortion. I argue that while the violinist example does show that a right to life does not entail a right to be given the means of life, the violinist cast is relevantly different from the pregnancy case. I also argue that Thomson's positive argument in favor of the permissibility of abortion fails because it is based on a false conception of bodily self-ownsership. Finally, I (...)
     
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