Results for 'Derek A. Muller'

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  1.  69
    Computing a Reality. Heinz von Foerster's Lecture at the A.U.M Conference in 1973. Edited by Albert Müller.Foerster H. Von & A. Müller - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1).
    Purpose: Commenting on the transcript of a lecture. Findings: The document reconstructs the development of the original 1973 lecture by Heinz von Foerster into his best-known paper, On Constructing a Reality. Many aspects of that paper can be identified as being shaped through interaction with the audience. Implications: The lecture documented here was a forerunner of a central paper in constructivism.
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  2.  40
    Computing a Reality. Heinz von Foerster's Lecture at the A.U.M Conference in 1973. Edited by Albert Müller.H. Foerster & A. Müller - 2008 - Constructivist Foundations 4 (1):62-69.
  3. Die Präparierte Zeit der Mensch in der Krise Seiner Eigenen Zielsetzungen [von] A.M. Klaus Müller. Geleitwort: Helmut Gollwitzer. Einführung: Wolf Häfele. [REVIEW]A. Klaus Müller - 1972
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  4.  48
    A Comment by Prof. F. Max Müller Concerning the Discussion on Evolution and Language.F. Max Müller - 1892 - The Monist 2 (2):286-286.
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  5. Max Müller's Encyclopaedia of Language: A Collection of Lectures by Max Müller Delivered at the Royal Institution of Great Britain.F. Max Müller - 1864 - Cosmo Publications.
     
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  6. Sapientiae Procerum Amore: Mélanges Médiévistes Offerts À Dom Jean-Pierre Müller O.S.B. À l'Occasion De Son 70ème Anniversaire (24 Février 1974). [REVIEW]Jean Pierre Müller & Theodor Wolfram Köhler (eds.) - 1974 - Editrice Anselmiana.
  7.  19
    Raising Cognitive Load with Linear Multimedia to Promote Conceptual Change.Derek A. Muller, Manjula D. Sharma & Peter Reimann - 2008 - Science Education 92 (2):278-296.
  8. Future Progress in Artificial Intelligence: A Poll Among Experts.Vincent C. Müller & Nick Bostrom - 2014 - AI Matters 1 (1):9-11.
    [This is the short version of: Müller, Vincent C. and Bostrom, Nick (forthcoming 2016), ‘Future progress in artificial intelligence: A survey of expert opinion’, in Vincent C. Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence (Synthese Library 377; Berlin: Springer).] - - - In some quarters, there is intense concern about high–level machine intelligence and superintelligent AI coming up in a few dec- ades, bringing with it significant risks for human- ity; in other quarters, these issues are ignored or considered science (...)
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  9.  14
    Reflections on a Revolution at Stanford.F. A. Muller - unknown
    We inquire into the question whether the Aristotelean or classical \emph{ideal} of science has been realised by the Model Revolution, initiated at Stanford University during the 1950ies and spread all around the world of philosophy of science --- \emph{salute} P.\ Suppes. The guiding principle of the Model Revolution is: \emph{a scientific theory is a set of structures in the domain of discourse of axiomatic set-theory}, characterised by a set-theoretical predicate. We expound some critical reflections on the Model Revolution; the conclusions (...)
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  10. Second-Order Science: A Vast and Largely Unexplored Science Frontier.K. H. Müller & A. Riegler - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):7-15.
    Context: Many recent research areas such as human cognition and quantum physics call the observer-independence of traditional science into question. Also, there is a growing need for self-reflexivity in science, i.e., a science that reflects on its own outcomes and products. Problem: We introduce the concept of second-order science that is based on the operation of re-entry. Our goal is to provide an overview of this largely unexplored science domain and of potential approaches in second-order fields. Method: We provide the (...)
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  11. The Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB]: A Model for the Sustainable Development of a Collaborative, Field-Wide Web Reference Service.A. Charles Muller - unknown
    The Digital Dictionary of Buddhism [DDB] (http://buddhism-dict.net/ddb), now on the Web for more than 15 years, has become a primary reference work for the field of Buddhist Studies. Containing over 53,000 entries, it is subscribed to by more than 30 university libraries (http://www.buddhism-dict.net/ddb/subscribing_libraries.html), and supported by the contributions of over 70 specialists, many of these recognized leaders in the field. It can perhaps be described as example of the type of web resource that has reached a degree of status and (...)
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  12.  39
    Can a Constructive Empiricist Adopt the Concept of Observability?F. A. Muller - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 71 (1):80-97.
    Several arguments to the effect that the distinction between observables and unobservables cannot be drawn coherently within the confines of Constructive Empiricism are analysed and confuted. One argument, due to A. Musgrave, raises a problem that CE must but cannot solve, unless CE extends its epistemic policy, or so we argue.
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  13.  23
    A Behavioral Disinhibition Hypothesis of Interventions in Moral Dilemmas.Kees van den Bos, Patrick A. Müller & Tom Damen - 2011 - Emotion Review 3 (3):281-283.
    The present article puts forward a behavioral disinhibition hypothesis stating that, often, at least some levels of behavioral disinhibition are needed to overcome people’s inhibition to intervene in dilemmatic situations in which they have to choose between different actions with good reasons for each of the actions involved. Results reported indeed show that people to whom disinhibited behaviors were salient or people with stronger predispositions toward behavioral disinhibition were more likely to intervene in trolley and footbridge dilemmas.
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  14.  9
    A New Course of Action.K. H. Müller & A. Riegler - 2014 - Constructivist Foundations 10 (1):1-6.
    Context: The journal Constructivist Foundations celebrates ten years of publishing articles on constructivist approaches, in particular radical constructivism. Problem: In order to preserve the sustainability of radical constructivism and regain its appeal to new generations of researchers, we set up a new course of action for and with the radical constructivist community to study its innovative potential. This new avenue is “second-order science.” Method: We specify two motivations of second-order science, i.e., the inclusion of the observer, and self-reflexivity that allows (...)
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  15. Discerning Elementary Particles.F. A. Muller & M. P. Seevinck - 2009 - Philosophy of Science 76 (2):179-200.
    We maximally extend the quantum‐mechanical results of Muller and Saunders ( 2008 ) establishing the ‘weak discernibility’ of an arbitrary number of similar fermions in finite‐dimensional Hilbert spaces. This confutes the currently dominant view that ( A ) the quantum‐mechanical description of similar particles conflicts with Leibniz’s Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (PII); and that ( B ) the only way to save PII is by adopting some heavy metaphysical notion such as Scotusian haecceitas or Adamsian primitive thisness. (...)
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  16.  11
    Moral Distress in Nurses at an Acute Care Hospital in Switzerland: Results of a Pilot Study.M. Kleinknecht-Dolf, I. A. Frei, E. Spichiger, M. Muller, J. S. Martin & R. Spirig - 2015 - Nursing Ethics 22 (1):77-90.
  17. Can a Constructive Empiricist Adopt the Concept of Observability?F. A. Muller - 2003 - Philosophy of Science 71 (1):80-97.
    Alan Musgrave, Michael Friedman, Jeffrey Foss, and Richard Creath raised different objections against the Distinction between observables and unobservables when drawn within the confines of Bas C. van Fraassen's Constructive Empiricism, to the effect that the Distinction cannot be drawn there coherently. Van Fraassen has only responded to Musgrave but Musgrave claimed not to understand van Fraassen's succinct response. I argue that van Fraassen's response is not enough. What remains in the end is an unsolved problem which CE cannot afford (...)
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  18. Consciousness Without Physical Basis. A Metaphysical Meditation on the Immortality of the Soul.Olaf L. Müller - manuscript
    Can we conceive of a mind without body? Does, for example, the idea of the soul's immortality make sense? Certain versions of materialism deny such questions; I shall try to prove that these versions of materialism cannot be right. They fail because they cannot account for the mental vocabulary from the language of brains in the vat. Envatted expressions such as "I think", "I believe", etc., do not have to be reinterpreted when we translate them to our language; they are (...)
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  19. The Relativity of Simultaneity is Not a Temporal Illusion.F. A. Muller - 2014 - Analysis 74 (2):232-233.
    In this journal, Brogaard and Marlow recently argued that the relativity of simultaneity is an illusion. We claim their argument is fallacious.
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  20. Margaret A. Boden, Mind as Machine: A History of Cognitive Science , 2 Vols. [REVIEW]Vincent C. Müller - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (1):121-125.
    Review of: Margaret A. Boden, Mind as Machine: A History of Cognitive Science, 2 vols, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006, xlvii+1631, cloth $225, ISBN 0-19-924144-9. - Mind as Machine is Margaret Boden’s opus magnum. For one thing, it comes in two massive volumes of nearly 1700 pages, ... But it is not just the opus magnum in simple terms of size, but also a truly crowning achievement of half a century’s career in cognitive science.
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  21.  68
    A Letter on the Present State of Affairs: Prior, Indeterminism and Relativity 40 Years Later.Thomas Müller & Niko Strobach - 2012 - Synthese 188 (3):469-485.
    The paper re-evaluates Prior's tenets about indeterminism and relativity from the point of view of the current state of the debate. We first discuss Prior's claims about indeterministic tense logic and about relativity separately and confront them with new technical developments. Then we combine the two topics in a discussion of indeterministic approaches to space-time logics. Finally we show why Prior would not have to "dig his heels in" when it comes to relativity: We point out a way of combining (...)
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  22.  28
    The Hydroid Hydractinia: A Versatile, Informative Cnidarian Representative.Uri Frank, Thomas Leitz & Werner A. Müller - 2001 - Bioessays 23 (10):963-971.
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  23.  25
    Orthology Prediction Methods: A Quality Assessment Using Curated Protein Families.Kalliopi Trachana, Tomas A. Larsson, Sean Powell, Wei-Hua Chen, Tobias Doerks, Jean Muller & Peer Bork - 2011 - Bioessays 33 (10):769-780.
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  24.  28
    A Bibliography of Recent Publications in Byzantine Studies.P. Schreiner, C. SCholz, P. Grossmann, A. MoffAtt, Kristoffel Demoen, E. TinnEfeld, Mm Mango, J. Herrin, G. Jeffreys, C. Jolivet-Levy, P. Odorico, A. KArpozelos, T. Kolias, J. Albani, S. Kalopissi-Verti, E. FolliEri, E. KislingEr, H. Wada, W. Aerts, J. Koder, E. GamillschEg, M. Grunbart, M. SaloMon, S. Bliznjuk, P. KarPov, Yn Lyubarskii, J. Rosenqvist, A. YAsinovskyi, T. Olajos, A. Cutler, W. Kaegi, Am Talbot, M. Stassinopoulou, A. Muller, J. Diethart, E. Trapp, C. Katsougiannopoulou, B. Schellewald, W. Seibt & T. Goria - 1997 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 90 (2):507-616.
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  25.  12
    Xiong Shili and the New Treatise: A Review Discussion of Xiong Shili, New Treatise on the Uniqueness of Consciousness, an Annotated Translation by John Makeham: New Haven: Yale University Press, 2015, ISBN: 978-0-300-19157-8, Hb, Lxviii+341pp.A. Charles Muller - 2017 - Sophia 56 (3):523-526.
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  26.  13
    Does Second-Order Cybernetics Provide a Framework for Theatre Studies?A. Müller - 2016 - Constructivist Foundations 11 (3):618-619.
    Open peer commentary on the article ““Black Box” Theatre: Second-Order Cybernetics and Naturalism in Rehearsal and Performance” by Tom Scholte. Upshot: Scholte’s attempt to link theatre studies with cybernetics faces at least two problems: historically, there could not have been any direct influence between these two fields; and conceptually, do we need second-order cybernetics, and the concept of the black box in particular, to account for the Stanislavski system?
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  27.  16
    A Bibliography of Byzantine Studies.P. Schreiner, C. SCholz, P. Grossmann, A. MoffAt, Kristoffel Demoen, F. TinneFeld, M. Mundell Mango, J. Herrin, E. JEffreys, C. Jolivet-Levy, P. Odorico, A. KArpozelos, T. Kolias, J. Albani, S. Kalopissi-Verti, E. FolliEri, E. KislingEr, H. Wada, W. Aerts, J. Koder, E. GamillschEg, M. Grunbart, M. SaloMon, S. Bliznjuk, P. KarPov, Yn Lyubarskii, J. Rosenqvist, A. YAsinovskyi, T. Olajos, A. Cutler, W. Kaegi, Am Talbot, M. Stassinopoulou, A. Muller, J. Diethart, E. Trapp, C. Katsougiannopoulou, B. Schellewald, C. Morrisson, V. IVanisevic, E. Oberlander-Tarnoveanu, W. Seibt, F. Goria, S. TrojanoS & Jh Featherstone - 1998 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 91 (1):222-317.
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  28.  16
    A Bibliography of Byzantine Studies.P. Schriener, C. SCholz, P. Grossmann, A. MoffAtt, Kristoffel Demoen, W. Brandes, Vf Tinnefeld, Mm Mango, C. Jolivet-Levy, P. Odorico, A. KArpozilos, T. Kolias, J. Albani, S. Kalopissi-Verti, E. FolliEri, A. AcconciA Longo, E. KislingEr, H. Wada, W. Aerts, M. Grunbart, M. SalaMon, Jn Ljubarskij, J. Rosenqvist, Y. Otuken, A. YAsinovskyi, T. Olajos, A. Cutler, W. Kaegi, Am Talbot, D. Triantaphyllopulos, M. Stassinopoulou, A. Muller, J. Diethart, E. Trapp, C. Troelsgard, C. Katsougiannopoulou, C. Morrisson, E. Oberlander-Tarnoveanu, W. Seibt, D. Feissel, F. Goria & S. TroianoS - 1999 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 92 (2):557-810.
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  29.  5
    Applying Grounded Theory to Data Collected Through Participatory Research on African Independent Churches’ Liturgical Rituals: A Comparative Study.Bethel A. Müller & Cas J. Wepener - 2011 - Hts Theological Studies 67 (2).
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  30.  17
    A Bibliography of Byzantine Studies. - German, English, Italian, French.P. Schreiner, C. SCholz, P. Grossmann, Kristoffel Demoen, W. Brandes, F. TinneFeld, J. Herrin, B. Flusin, C. Jolivetlevy, B. Mondrain, A. KArpozilos, T. Kolias, J. Albani, S. KalopiSsiverti, E. FolliEri, W. Aerts, E. KislingEr, J. Koder, E. GamillschEg, M. Grunbart, M. SalaMon, Yn Lyubarskii, J. Rosenqvist, Y. Otuken, A. YAsinovskyi, T. Olajos, A. Cutler, W. Kaegi, Am Talbot, M. Stassinopoulou, A. Muller, J. Diethart, E. Trapp, C. Troelsgard, C. Katsougiannopoulou, C. Morrisson, W. Seibt, D. Feissel, S. TroianoS & F. Goria - 1997 - Byzantinische Zeitschrift 90 (1):174-348.
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  31. The Barth Legacy: New Athanasius or Origen Redivivus? A Response to TF Torrance.Richard A. Muller - 1990 - The Thomist 54 (4):673-704.
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  32. Polish Solectwo–A Latent Field for Rural Governance,[W:].M. Derek & A. Mielczarek - forthcoming - Mind.
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  33. The Silesian Horseherd, Das Pferdebürla: Questions of the Hour, Tr. By O.A. Fechter.Max Muller & Oscar A. Fechter - 1903
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  34. Future Progress in Artificial Intelligence: A Survey of Expert Opinion.Vincent C. Müller & Nick Bostrom - 2016 - In Vincent Müller (ed.), Fundamental Issues of Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 553-571.
    There is, in some quarters, concern about high–level machine intelligence and superintelligent AI coming up in a few decades, bringing with it significant risks for humanity. In other quarters, these issues are ignored or considered science fiction. We wanted to clarify what the distribution of opinions actually is, what probability the best experts currently assign to high–level machine intelligence coming up within a particular time–frame, which risks they see with that development, and how fast they see these developing. We thus (...)
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  35.  20
    An Integrative Conceptualization of Organizational Compassion and Organizational Justice: A Sensemaking Perspective.Khuram Shahzad & Alan R. Muller - 2016 - Business Ethics: A European Review 25 (2):144-158.
    Organizational scholars tend to view justice and compassion as incompatible. While both have important functions in organizational life, compassion's affective elements appear difficult to synthesize with the reasoning and impartiality that underlie the concept of justice. We draw on theoretical arguments from the sensemaking perspective to argue that we can integrate organizational compassion and organizational justice conceptually because both are inherently dynamic processes that rely on emotional and cognitive components, and both are shaped by the social context of the organization. (...)
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  36. Autonomous Cars: In Favor of a Mandatory Ethics Setting.Jan Gogoll & Julian F. Müller - 2017 - Science and Engineering Ethics 23 (3):681-700.
    The recent progress in the development of autonomous cars has seen ethical questions come to the forefront. In particular, life and death decisions regarding the behavior of self-driving cars in trolley dilemma situations are attracting widespread interest in the recent debate. In this essay we want to ask whether we should implement a mandatory ethics setting for the whole of society or, whether every driver should have the choice to select his own personal ethics setting. While the consensus view seems (...)
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  37. Probability Theory and Causation: A Branching Space-Times Analysis.Thomas Müller - 2005 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 56 (3):487-520.
    We provide a formally rigorous framework for integrating singular causation, as understood by Nuel Belnap's theory of causae causantes, and objective single case probabilities. The central notion is that of a causal probability space whose sample space consists of causal alternatives. Such a probability space is generally not isomorphic to a product space. We give a causally motivated statement of the Markov condition and an analysis of the concept of screening-off.
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  38. Drugs as Instruments: A New Framework for Non-Addictive Psychoactive Drug Use.Christian P. Müller & Gunter Schumann - 2011 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 34 (6):293-310.
    Most people who are regular consumers of psychoactive drugs are not drug addicts, nor will they ever become addicts. In neurobiological theories, non-addictive drug consumption is acknowledged only as a prerequisite for addiction, but not as a stable and widespread behavior in its own right. This target article proposes a new neurobiological framework theory for non-addictive psychoactive drug consumption, introducing the concept of Psychoactive drugs are consumed for their effects on mental states. Humans are able to learn that mental states (...)
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  39.  37
    Can Neuroscience Contribute to Practical Ethics? A Critical Review and Discussion of the Methodological and Translational Challenges of the Neuroscience of Ethics.Eric Racine, Veljko Dubljević, Ralf J. Jox, Bernard Baertschi, Julia F. Christensen, Michele Farisco, Fabrice Jotterand, Guy Kahane & Sabine Müller - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (5):328-337.
    Neuroethics is an interdisciplinary field that arose in response to novel ethical challenges posed by advances in neuroscience. Historically, neuroethics has provided an opportunity to synergize different disciplines, notably proposing a two-way dialogue between an ‘ethics of neuroscience’ and a ‘neuroscience of ethics’. However, questions surface as to whether a ‘neuroscience of ethics’ is a useful and unified branch of research and whether it can actually inform or lead to theoretical insights and transferable practical knowledge to help resolve ethical questions. (...)
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  40.  30
    Exploring the Geography of Corporate Philanthropic Disaster Response: A Study of Fortune Global 500 Firms.Alan Muller & Gail Whiteman - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 84 (4):589-603.
    In recent years, major disasters have figured prominently in the media. While corporate response to disasters may have raised corporate philanthropy to a new level, it remains an understudied phenomenon. This article draws on comparative research on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate philanthropy to explore the geography of corporate philanthropic disaster response. The study analyzes donation announcements made by Fortune Global 500 firms from North America, Europe and Asia to look for regional patterns across three recent disasters: the South (...)
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  41. Gun Control: A European Perspective.Vincent C. Müller - 2015 - Essays in Philosophy 16 (2):247-261.
    From a European perspective the US debate about gun control is puzzling because we have no such debate: It seems obvious to us that dangerous weapons need tight control and that ‘guns’ fall under that category. I suggest that this difference occurs due to different habits that generate different attitudes and support this explanation with an analogy to the habits about knives. I conclude that it is plausible that individual knife-people or gun-people do not want tight regulatory legislation—but tight knife (...)
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  42.  16
    CIFOL: Case-Intensional First Order Logic: Toward a Theory of Sorts.Nuel Belnap & Thomas Müller - 2014 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 43 (2-3):393-437.
    This is part I of a two-part essay introducing case-intensional first order logic, an easy-to-use, uniform, powerful, and useful combination of first-order logic with modal logic resulting from philosophical and technical modifications of Bressan’s General interpreted modal calculus. CIFOL starts with a set of cases; each expression has an extension in each case and an intension, which is the function from the cases to the respective case-relative extensions. Predication is intensional; identity is extensional. Definite descriptions are context-independent terms, and lambda-predicates (...)
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  43. Legal Vs. Ethical Obligations – a Comment on the EPSRC’s Principles for Robotics.Vincent C. Müller - 2017 - Connection Science 29 (2):137-141.
    While the 2010 EPSRC principles for robotics state a set of 5 rules of what ‘should’ be done, I argue they should differentiate between legal obligations and ethical demands. Only if we make this difference can we state clearly what the legal obligations already are, and what additional ethical demands we want to make. I provide suggestions how to revise the rules in this light and how to make them more structured.
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  44.  64
    True Imaginings Integrating Panentheism and A Personal View of God.Klaus Müller - 2019 - European Journal for Philosophy of Religion 11 (1):61-81.
    The perhaps most challenging problem for a panentheistic paradigm in Christian god-talk consists in integrating the trait of personhood in the monistic horizon of this approach. A very helpful way to this goal seems to be the concept of imagination. Its logic of an “as if” represents a modified variation of Kant`s idea of the postulates of reason. Reflections of Jürgen Werbick, Douglas Headley, and Volker Gerhardt substantiate the philosophical and theological capabilities of this solution which also include a sensibility (...)
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  45. What is a Digital State?Vincent C. Müller - 2013 - In Mark J. Bishop & Yasemin Erden (eds.), The Scandal of Computation - What is Computation? - AISB Convention 2013. AISB. pp. 11-16.
    There is much discussion about whether the human mind is a computer, whether the human brain could be emulated on a computer, and whether at all physical entities are computers (pancomputationalism). These discussions, and others, require criteria for what is digital. I propose that a state is digital if and only if it is a token of a type that serves a particular function - typically a representational function for the system. This proposal is made on a syntactic level, assuming (...)
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  46.  8
    Postdoctoral Life Scientists and Supervision Work in the Contemporary University: A Case Study of Changes in the Cultural Norms of Science.Ruth Müller - 2014 - Minerva 52 (3):329-349.
    This paper explores the ways in which postdoctoral life scientists engage in supervision work in academic institutions in Austria. Reward systems and career conditions in academic institutions in most European and other OECD countries have changed significantly during the last two decades. While an increasing focus is put on evaluating research performances, little reward is attached to excellent performances in mentoring and advising students. Postdoctoral scientists mostly inhabit fragile institutional positions and experience harsh competition, as the number of available senior (...)
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  47.  66
    Towards a Theory of Limited Indeterminism in Branching Space-Times.Thomas Müller - 2010 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 39 (4):395-423.
    Branching space-times (BST; Belnap, Synthese 92:385–434, 1992 ) is the most advanced formal framework for representing indeterminism. BST is however based on continuous partial orderings, while our natural way of describing indeterministic scenarios may be called discrete. This paper establishes a theorem providing a discrete data format for BST: it is proved that a discrete representation of indeterministic scenarios leading to BST models is possible in an important subclass of cases. This result enables the representation of limited indeterminism in BST (...)
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  48. A Dialogue Concerning Two World Systems: Info-Computational Vs. Mechanistic.Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Vincent C. Müller - 2011 - In Gordana Dodig-Crnkovic & Mark Burgin (eds.), Information and computation: Essays on scientific and philosophical understanding of foundations of information and computation. World Scientific. pp. 149-184.
    The dialogue develops arguments for and against a broad new world system - info-computationalist naturalism - that is supposed to overcome the traditional mechanistic view. It would make the older mechanistic view into a special case of the new general info-computationalist framework (rather like Euclidian geometry remains valid inside a broader notion of geometry). We primarily discuss what the info-computational paradigm would mean, especially its pancomputationalist component. This includes the requirements for a the new generalized notion of computing that would (...)
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  49.  36
    Alternatives to Histories? Employing a Local Notion of Modal Consistency in Branching Theories.Thomas Müller - 2014 - Erkenntnis 79 (S3):1-22.
    Branching theories are popular frameworks for modeling objective indeterminism in the form of a future of open possibilities. In such theories, the notion of a history plays a crucial role: it is both a basic ingredient in the axiomatic definition of the framework, and it is used as a parameter of truth in semantics for languages with a future tense. Furthermore, histories—complete possible courses of events—ground the notion of modal consistency: a set of events is modally consistent iff there is (...)
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  50. Against a Minimalist Reading of Bell's Theorem: Lessons From Fine.Thomas Müller & Tomasz Placek - 2001 - Synthese 128 (3):343 - 379.
    Since the validity of Bell's inequalities implies the existence of joint probabilities for non-commuting observables, there is no universal consensus as to what the violation of these inequalities signifies. While the majority view is that the violation teaches us an important lesson about the possibility of explanations, if not about metaphysical issues, there is also a minimalist position claiming that the violation is to be expected from simple facts about probability theory. This minimalist position is backed by theorems due to (...)
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