Results for 'Derek Dalton'

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  1.  27
    Gender Differences in Ethics Research: The Importance of Controlling for the Social Desirability Response Bias. [REVIEW]Derek Dalton & Marc Ortegren - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 103 (1):73-93.
    Gender is one of the most frequently studied variables within the ethics literature. In prior studies that find gender differences, females consistently report more ethical responses than males. However, prior research also indicates that females are more prone to responding in a socially desirable fashion. Consequently, it is uncertain whether gender differences in ethical decision-making exist because females are more ethical or perhaps because females are more prone to the social desirability response bias. Using a sample of 30 scenarios from (...)
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  2.  19
    The Joint Effects of Machiavellianism and Ethical Environment on Whistle-Blowing.Derek Dalton & Robin R. Radtke - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 117 (1):153-172.
    Given the importance of the Machiavellianism construct on informing a wide range of ethics research, we focus on gaining a better understanding of Machiavellianism within the whistle-blower context. In this regard, we examine the effect of Machiavellianism on whistle-blowing, focusing on the underlying mechanisms through which Machiavellianism affects whistle-blowing. Further, because individuals who are higher in Machiavellianism (high Machs) are expected to be less likely to report wrongdoing, we examine the ability of an organization’s ethical environment to increase whistle-blowing intentions (...)
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  3.  1
    Becoming John Dewey: Dilemmas of a Philosopher and Naturalist.Thomas Dalton - 2002 - Indiana University Press.
    As one of America’s "public intellectuals," John Dewey was engaged in a lifelong struggle to understand the human mind and the nature of human inquiry. According to Thomas C. Dalton, the successful pursuit of this mission demanded that Dewey become more than just a philosopher; it compelled him to become thoroughly familiar with the theories and methods of physics, psychology, and neurosciences, as well as become engaged in educational and social reform. Tapping archival sources and Dewey’s extensive correspondence, (...) reveals that Dewey had close personal and intellectual ties to scientists and scholars who helped form the mature expression of his thought. Dewey’s relationships with F. M. Alexander, Henri Matisse, Niels Bohr, Myrtle McGraw, and Lawrence K. Frank, among others, show how Dewey dispersed pragmatism throughout American thought and culture. (shrink)
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  4. The Pains of Contraction Understanding Creation in Levinas Through Schelling.Drew M. Dalton - 2006 - Studia Phaenomenologica 6 (1):215 - 240.
    There is an apparent contradiction within Levinas’s work: on the one hand, Levinas upholds an account of existence that seemingly requires a creation narrative, while maintaining, on the other hand, that an account of the ethical import of that existence needs no recourse to the divine. This seeming contradiction results from a fundamental misunderstanding concerning Levinas’s account of creation and its logical consequences concerning the divine. This paper aims to clarify this misunderstanding by exploring the similarities between and influence of (...)
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  5. The Pains of Contraction.Drew Dalton - 2006 - Studia Phaenomenologica 6 (1):215-240.
    There is an apparent contradiction within Levinas’ work: on the one hand, Levinas upholds an account of existence that seemingly requires a creation narrative, while maintaining, on the other hand, that an account of the ethical import of that existence needs no recourse to the divine. This seeming contradiction results from a fundamental misunderstanding concerning Levinas’ account of creation and its logical consequences concerning the divine. This paper aims to clarify this misunderstanding by exploring the similarities between and influence of (...)
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  6. The Contribution of Ziauddin Sardar's Work to the Religion-Science Conversation.Anne Marie Dalton - 2007 - World Futures 63 (8):599 – 610.
    The article claims that Ziauddin Sardar's contribution to the religion-science conversation is primarily a performance situated in a social location that gives him access to a highly significant perspective. Sardar places Western science within the context of the Western culture from which it emerged and which it continues to serve. The contemporary hegemonous science of today is one form of science. Its acceptance as a universal and objective form enables its users and promoters to exercise imperialistic control over much of (...)
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  7.  58
    Collecting "Sensitive" Data in Business Ethics Research: A Case for the Unmatched Count Technique (UCT). [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton, Catherine M. Daily & James C. Wimbush - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1049-1057.
    Some would argue that the more promising areas of business ethics research are "sensitive." In such areas, it would be expected that subjects, if inclined to respond at all, would be guarded in their responses, or respond inaccurately. We provide an introduction to an empirical approach -- the unmatched block count (UCT) -- for collecting these potentially sensitive data which provides absolute anonymity and confidentiality to subjects and "legal immunity" to the researcher. Interestingly, under UCT protocol researchers could not divulge (...)
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  8.  8
    Corporate Governance Predictors of Adoption of Anti-Takeover Amendments: An Empirical Analysis. [REVIEW]Paula L. Rechner, Chamu Sundaramurthy & Dan R. Dalton - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (5):371 - 378.
    This study of 481 corporations provides an assessment of the relationship between several corporate governance variables (board composition, type of board leadership, officer and director stock holdings, institutional stock holdings, number of majority owners, existence of severance agreements) and adoption of anti-takeover amendments. The results of analysis suggest that the two groups (adopters/non-adopters) differ significantly in regards to these variables.
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  9.  59
    Review of The Philosophical Sense of Transcendence: Levinas and Plato on Loving Beyond Being, by Sara Allen. [REVIEW]Drew M. Dalton - 2013 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 39 (6):611-615.
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  10.  15
    Are Director Equity Policies Exclusionary?Dan R. Dalton - 2003 - Business Ethics Quarterly 13 (4):415-432.
    This paper examines two recent trends relative to boards of directors’ compensation, and their potential incompatibility. There has been some progress in increasing board diversity, specifically the inclusion of women and minorities on boards. The increasing trendrequiring directors to hold/purchase equity as a requirement of board membership may seriously compromise further improvements in diversifying boards. Also, an increasing number of companies compensate directors partially or fully in stock grants and options.These compensation policies may be exclusionary, especially for women and minorities, (...)
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  11.  11
    John Dewey, Myrtle McGraw and Logic: An Unusual Collaboration in the 1930s.Thomas C. Dalton & Victor W. Bergenn - 1996 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 27 (1):69-107.
  12.  14
    Extended Action.Peter Dalton - 1995 - Philosophia 24 (3-4):253-270.
  13.  16
    “Integrity Testing” for Personnel Selection: An Unsparing Perspective. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Michael B. Metzger - 1993 - Journal of Business Ethics 12 (2):147 - 156.
    Federal legislation (the Employee Polygraph Protection Act) adopted in 1988 prohibits virtually all private sector employers from requiring or requesting preemployment polygraph examinations for prospective employees. Since then, written integrity testing designed to reliably distinguish those prospective employees who may steal from the company from those who are far less likely to do so has been something of a growth industry. Indeed, the American Psychological Association has recently noted that honesty tests have demonstrated useful levels of validity as an employee (...)
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  14.  30
    Mimicry: Its Ubiquity, Importance, and Functionality.Tanya L. Chartrand & Amy N. Dalton - 2009 - In Ezequiel Morsella, John A. Bargh & Peter M. Gollwitzer (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Human Action. Oxford University Press. pp. 458--483.
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  15.  73
    Subjectivity and Orientation in Levinas and Kant.Stuart Dalton - 1999 - Continental Philosophy Review 32 (4):433-449.
    This essay presents an argument for reconceptualizing subjectivity as orientational rather than foundational in nature. My focus is on the work of Emmanuel Levinas and Immanuel Kant. I begin by summarizing Levinas''s theory of ethical subjectivity as a theory of the self where the internal and the external are in constant play. Then I turn to two works of Kant for resources to understand better the meaning of Levinas''s theory of the self. In "What is Orientation in Thinking?" Kant presents (...)
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  16.  12
    On the Dynamics of Corporate Size and Illegal Activity: An Empirical Assessment. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Idalene F. Kesner - 1988 - Journal of Business Ethics 7 (11):861 - 870.
    This research, relying on companies continuously listed on the Fortune 500 over a five-year period (n=384), provides an empirical assessment of two hypotheses. Based on 334 violations over the period the results indicate: (1) gross differences in illegal activity based on corporate size, and (2) similar differences in corporate recidivism also based on size. Discussion includes a number of size related dynamics which may account in part for such results.
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  17.  21
    Genetic Screening in the Workplace: Legislative and Ethical Implications. [REVIEW]William D. Murry, James C. Wimbush & Dan R. Dalton - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (4):365 - 378.
    This paper discusses legal and ethical issues related to genetic screening. It is argued that persons identified with actual or perceived deleterious genetic markers are protected by the American with Disabilities Act of 1990 and the Civil Rights Act of 1991, if members of a protected group, regardless of whether or not they are currently ill. However, legislation may not protect all employees in all scenarios, in which case, ethical principles should guide decision-making. In doing so a model of preventive (...)
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  18.  63
    Pascal's Wager: The First Argument. [REVIEW]Peter C. Dalton - 1976 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 7 (2):346 - 368.
  19.  34
    Pascal's Wager: The Second Argument.Peter C. Dalton - 1975 - Southern Journal of Philosophy 13 (1):31-46.
  20.  14
    The Status of Artistic Illusion in Concrescence.Wayne A. Dalton - 1974 - Process Studies 4 (3):207-211.
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  21.  54
    The Developmental Roots of Consciousness and Emotional Experience.Thomas C. Dalton - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (1):55-89.
    Charles Darwin is generally credited with having formulated the first systematic attempt to explain the evolutionary origins and function of the expression of emotions in animals and humans. His ingenious theory, however, was burdened with popular misconceptions about human phylogenetic heritage and bore the philosophical and theoretical deficiencies of the brain science of his era that his successors strove to overcome. In their attempts to rectify Darwin?s errors, William James, James Mark Baldwin and John Dewey each made important contributions to (...)
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  22.  47
    Review of “a Revolutionary Way of Thinking: From a Near Fatal Accident to a New Science of Healing” by Charles Krebs. [REVIEW]T. C. Dalton - 2000 - Consciousness and Emotion 1 (2):324-329.
  23.  12
    On the Antecedents of Corporate Severance Agreements: An Empirical Assessment. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Paula L. Rechner - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (6):455 - 462.
    This study of major corporations (n=481) provides an empirical assessment of the effects of several corporate governance variables (CEO duality, boards of director composition, officers and directors common stock holdings, institutional common stock holdings, number of majority owners) on the adoption of so-called severance agreements. A discriminant analysis indicates a significant multivariate function. Wilks lambda univariate analyses suggest that the percentage of common stock held by owners and directors and number of majority stock holders are the more robust discriminators.
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  24.  12
    Unity and Undecidability.Stuart Dalton - 1998 - Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (4):25-32.
    This essay argues that, in the first Critique, the need for unity leads Kant to re-inscribe the subject in a situation of multiplicity and undecidability. The result, however, is not a relativization that negates the meaning of the subject’s existence, but rather a contextualization that makes meaning possible. This reading clarifies some of the connections between Kant and contemporary postmodernism, especially the work of Jacques Derrida.
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  25.  10
    Possessiveness and Embodiment.Peter Dalton - 1998 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (2):187-201.
    In “Economy,” Henry Thoreau argues against the common view that it is highly worthwhile for a human being to work hard in order to obtain material possessions. Thoreau’s objections are forceful, wide-ranging, and extraordinarily well written. Yet his readers, like almost everyone else, continue to desire, pursue, or acquire more and more material things as well as more and more money, the primary means to such things. Thoreau knew that this was true of the people of his own time, but (...)
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  26.  18
    Human Persistence Through Time.Peter C. Dalton - 1977 - New Scholasticism 51 (2):162-181.
  27.  19
    The General Will and the Legislator in Rousseau's on the Social Contract.Stuart Dalton - 1996 - Southwest Philosophy Review 12 (2):85-97.
  28.  29
    Bodies of Experience and Bodies of Thought: Freud and Kant on Excessively Intense Ideas.Stuart Dalton - 1999 - Angelaki 4 (3):93 – 101.
  29.  11
    Being and Time for Schelling.Drew M. Dalton - 2008 - Idealistic Studies 38 (3):175-184.
    The recent re-evaluation of Schelling’s work has blossomed interest and research into a number of Schelling’s core ideas. Amongst these Schelling’s analysis of God, the creative act and human freedom have been amongst the most explored. Much less explored has been his theory of temporality, a theory which not only underpins but is essential to understanding properly these other insights. It is the goal of this essay to correct that oversight by offering some initial remarks concerning Schelling’s theory of temporality, (...)
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  30.  19
    Hume's Third Cause.Peter Dalton - 2003 - Journal of Philosophical Research 28:169-190.
    It is widely believed that Hume recognizes only two types of causality-one equivalent to a constant conjunction between two "objects," the other involving somesort of necessary connection between them. I will refer to these types, respectively, as "conjunction" and "necessity." I believe that Hume relies on a third type of causality-a process by which a constant conjunction of perceptions causes someone to acquire a mental habit. To remain close to Hume's terminology, I will refer to the process as "repetition." The (...)
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  31.  18
    Otherwise Than Nothing.Drew M. Dalton - 2009 - Philosophy and Theology 21 (1/2):105-128.
    Central to Emmanuel Levinas’s critique of Martin Heidegger is his assessment that Heidegger’s phenomenology delimits the possibility of dealing with ethical questions in any sincere way. According to Levinas, Heidegger ontologizes these questions, reducing them to mere means to a deeper understanding of Being. Levinas, by contrast, attempts to forge a phenomenology which can providea metaphysical account of ethics which goes beyond being. In this paper we will explore the nature and validity of Levinas’s critiqueof Heidegger by comparing his approach (...)
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  32.  21
    An Issue in Corporate Social Responsibility: An Experiential Approach to Establish the Value of Human Life. [REVIEW]Dan R. Dalton & Richard A. Cosier - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (4):311 - 315.
    While the notion of establishing a value for human life may be uncomfortable for some, we argue that it is a fundamental requirement for many aspects of public policy. We compare a number of approaches which have been traditionally relied on to make estimations. Also, we provide an exercise which provides an unusual, but we hope provocative, perspective on the evaluation of human life.
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  33.  14
    Kantian Freedom and the Possibility of the Critical Philosophy.Peter C. Dalton - 1983 - Idealistic Studies 13 (2):85-109.
  34.  20
    The Development of Perfection: The Interiorization of Buddhist Ritual in the Eighth and Ninth Centuries.Jacob Dalton - 2004 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 32 (1):1-30.
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  35.  6
    Voter Malaise and the Disruption of Truth and Timelessness.Philip D. Dalton - 2002 - American Journal of Semiotics 18 (1/4):221-236.
    The increasing awareness of the incommensurability between voters’ attitudes about voting and the reality of voting are contributing to the much written-about voter malaise which plagues U.S. elections. Voters who assume their role is to determine the ideal, right, or best candidate confront an election system in our current communication environment that attempts to market candidates to match voters’ ideals, while also providing a surfeit of information that both contradicts the ideal depictions while also making transparent the process by which (...)
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  36.  22
    Nancy and Kant on Inoperative Communities.Stuart Dalton - 2000 - Critical Horizons 1 (1):29-50.
    This essay argues that Kant's explanation of the purposiveness-without-a-purpose of beauty (in the third Critique) can help to make sense of Nancy's theory of the inoperative community.
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  37.  8
    Book Review:Social Reforms: As Related to Realities and Delusions; an Examination of the Increase and Distribution of Wealth, From 1801 to 1910. W. H. Mallock. [REVIEW]Hugh Dalton - 1914 - Ethics 25 (1):119-.
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  38.  10
    Strange Bedfellows.Drew M. Dalton - 2006 - Idealistic Studies 36 (1):13-26.
    Much has been made within certain philosophic circles of Emmanuel Levinas’s interaction with and critique of Western philosophy in general and German Idealism in particular. What is little recognized, however, is that J. G. Fichte is often the hidden target of this salvo. Indeed, Fichte appears within Levinas’s work as one of the major foils against whom he attempts to define his own insights. Whenexamined in light of Levinas’s attack, however, Fichte’s work actually appears to be in remarkable contiguity with (...)
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  39.  19
    A Theological Escape From the Cartesian Circle?Peter Dalton - 1997 - International Journal for Philosophy of Religion 42 (1):41-59.
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  40.  6
    The Developmental Gap in Phenomenal Experience: A Comment on J. G. Taylor's “Cortical Activity and the Explanatory Gap”.Thomas C. Dalton - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):159-164.
    J. G. Taylor advances an empirically testable local neural network model to understand the neural correlates of phenomenal experience. Taylor's model is better able to explain the presence and unity of phenomenal consciousness which support the idea that consciousness is coherent, undivided, and centered. However, Taylor fails to offer a satisfactory explanation of the nonlinear relationship between local and global neural systems. In addition, the ontological assumptions that PE is immediate, intrinsic, and incorrigible limit an understanding of the different experiential (...)
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  41.  6
    Book Review:Gold and Prices. W. J. Ashley; Environment and Efficiency. M. H. Thomson; The Social Policy of Bismarck. Annie Ashley. [REVIEW]Hugh Dalton - 1914 - Ethics 24 (2):246-.
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  42.  12
    The Position is Arranged.John Dalton & Emilie Severino - 2010 - Angelaki 15 (1):61-76.
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  43.  12
    Book Review:Arthur James Balfour, as Philosopher and Thinker: A Collection of the More Important and Interesting Passages in His Non-Political Writings, Speeches, and Addresses (1879-1912). Arthur James Balfour. [REVIEW]Hugh Dalton - 1913 - Ethics 23 (4):481-.
  44.  9
    Beginnings and Endings in Nietzsche's Beyond Good and Evil.Stuart Dalton - 1998 - Journal of Nietzsche Studies 15:59-69.
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  45.  8
    Power and Fate.Peter C. Dalton - 1975 - New Scholasticism 49 (4):451-466.
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  46. The Developmental Gap in Phenomenal Experience: A Comment on J. G. Taylor's "Cortical Activity and the Explanatory Gap''. J:Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):159-164. [REVIEW]Thomas C. Dalton - 1998 - Consciousness and Cognition 7 (2):159-164.
    J. G. Taylor advances an empirically testable local neural network model to understand the neural correlates of phenomenal experience. Taylor's model is better able to explain the presence (i.e., persistence, latency, and seamlessness) and unity of phenomenal consciousness which support the idea that consciousness is coherent, undivided, and centered. However, Taylor fails to offer a satisfactory explanation of the nonlinear relationship between local and global neural systems. In addition, the ontological assumptions that PE is immediate, intrinsic, and incorrigible limit an (...)
     
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  47.  2
    Book Review:The Underlying Principles of Modern Legislation. W. Jethro Brown. [REVIEW]Hugh Dalton - 1913 - Ethics 24 (1):124-.
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  48.  7
    Book Review:Work and Wealth: A Human Valuation. J. A. Hobson. [REVIEW]Hugh Dalton - 1915 - Ethics 25 (2):265-.
  49.  7
    The Position is Arranged.Emilie Severino & John Dalton - 2010 - Angelaki 15 (1):61-76.
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  50.  6
    Liberty, Autonomy, Toleration.Peter Dalton - 1986 - Philosophical Papers 15 (2-3):185--196.
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