30 found
Order:
Disambiguations
Derek Turner [22]Derek D. Turner [8]Derek Donald Turner [1]
See also
Derek D. Turner
Connecticut College
  1.  53
    Local Underdetermination in Historical Science.Derek Turner - 2005 - Philosophy of Science 72 (1):209-230.
  2.  43
    Making Prehistory: Historical Science and the Scientific Realism Debate.Derek Turner - 2007 - Cambridge University Press.
    Scientists often make surprising claims about things that no one can observe. In physics, chemistry, and molecular biology, scientists can at least experiment on those unobservable entities, but what about researchers in fields such as paleobiology and geology who study prehistory, where no such experimentation is possible? Do scientists discover facts about the distant past or do they, in some sense, make prehistory? In this book Derek Turner argues that this problem has surprising and important consequences for the scientific realism (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  3.  10
    De-Extinction as Artificial Species Selection.Derek D. Turner - 2017 - Philosophy and Technology 30 (4):395-411.
    This paper offers a paleobiological perspective on the debate concerning the possible use of biotechnology to bring back extinct species. One lesson from paleobiology is that extinction selectivity matters in addition to extinction rates and extinction magnitude. Combining some of Darwin’s insights about artificial selection with the theory of species selection that paleobiologists developed in the 1970s and 1980s provides a useful context for thinking about de-extinction. Using recent work on the prioritization of candidate species for de-extinction as a test (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  4.  21
    Paleontology: A Philosophical Introduction.Derek Turner - 2011 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the wake of the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s, paleontologists continue to investigate far-reaching questions about how evolution works. Many of those questions have a philosophical dimension. How is macroevolution related to evolutionary changes within populations? Is evolutionary history contingent? How much can we know about the causes of evolutionary trends? How do paleontologists read the patterns in the fossil record to learn about the underlying evolutionary processes? Derek Turner explores these and other questions, introducing the reader (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  5.  28
    Introduction: Scientific Knowledge of the Deep Past.Adrian Currie & Derek Turner - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 55:43-46.
  6.  47
    The Topography of Historical Contingency.Rob Inkpen & Derek Turner - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (1):1-19.
    Abstract Starting with Ben-Menahem's definition of historical contingency as sensitivity to variations in initial conditions, we suggest that historical events and processes can be thought of as forming a complex landscape of contingency and necessity. We suggest three different ways of extending and elaborating Ben-Menahem's concepts: (1) By supplementing them with a notion of historical disturbance; (2) by pointing out that contingency and necessity are subject to scaling effects; (3) by showing how degrees of contingency/necessity can change over time. We (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  7. Why Not NIMBY?Simon Feldman & Derek Turner - 2010 - Ethics, Place and Environment 13 (3):251-266.
    This paper examines a particularly egregious example of a NIMBY claim and considers three proposals for explaining what about that claim might be ethically problematic: The NIMBY claimant is being selfish or self-serving; The NIMBY claim cannot be morally justified, because respecting everyone's NIMBY claims leaves communities worse off; and if policymakers were to defer to people's NIMBY claims, they would end up perpetuating environmental injustices. We argue that these proposals fail to explain why there is anything wrong with the (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  8.  12
    A Second Look at the Colors of the Dinosaurs.Derek D. Turner - 2016 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 55:60-68.
  9.  32
    Gould's Replay Revisited.Derek Turner - 2011 - Biology and Philosophy 26 (1):65-79.
    This paper develops a critical response to John Beatty’s recent (2006) engagement with Stephen Jay Gould’s claim that evolutionary history is contingent. Beatty identifies two senses of contingency in Gould’s work: an unpredictability sense and a causal dependence sense. He denies that Gould associates contingency with stochastic phenomena, such as drift. In reply to Beatty, this paper develops two main claims. The first is an interpretive claim: Gould really thinks of contingency has having to do with stochastic effects at the (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   4 citations  
  10.  14
    The Lack of Clarity in the Precautionary Principle.Derek Turner & Lauren Hartzell - 2004 - Environmental Values 13 (4):449 - 460.
    The precautionary principle states, roughly, that it is better to take precautionary measures now than to deal with serious harms to the environment or human health later on. This paper builds on the work of Neil A. Manson in order to show that the precautionary principle, in all of its forms, is fraught with vagueness and ambiguity. We examine the version of the precautionary principle that was formulated at the Wingspread Conference sponsored by the Science and Environmental Health Network in (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  11.  20
    How Much Can We Know About the Causes of Evolutionary Trends?Derek D. Turner - 2009 - Biology and Philosophy 24 (3):341-357.
    One of the first questions that paleontologists ask when they identify a large-scale trend in the fossil record (e.g., size increase, complexity increase) is whether it is passive or driven. In this article, I explore two questions about driven trends: (1) what is the underlying cause or source of the directional bias? and (2) has the strength of the directional bias changed over time? I identify two underdetermination problems that prevent scientists from giving complete answers to these two questions.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  12.  21
    Philosophical Issues in Recent Paleontology.Derek D. Turner - 2014 - Philosophy Compass 9 (7):494-505.
    The distinction between idiographic science, which aims to reconstruct sequences of particular events, and nomothetic science, which aims to discover laws and regularities, is crucial for understanding the paleobiological revolution of the 1970s and 1980s. Stephen Jay Gould at times seemed conflicted about whether to say (a) that idiographic science is fine as it is or (b) that paleontology would have more credibility if it were more nomothetic. Ironically, one of the lasting results of the paleobiological revolution was a new (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  13. "Environmental Ethics: Readings in Theory and Application," 6th Edition, Ed. Louis P. Pojman and Paul Pojman.Derek Turner - 2012 - Teaching Philosophy 35 (4):448-451.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  15
    The Past Vs. The Tiny: Historical Science and the Abductive Arguments for Realism.Derek Turner - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (1):1-17.
    Scientific realism is fundamentally a view about unobservable things, events, processes, and so on, but things can be unobservable either because they are tiny or because they are past. The familiar abductive arguments for scientific realism lend more justification to scientific realism about the tiny than to realism about the past. This paper examines both the “basic” abductive arguments for realism advanced by philosophers such as Ian Hacking and Michael Devitt, as well as Richard Boyd’s version of the inference to (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  15.  28
    Sic Transitivity.John Post & Derek Turner - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:67-82.
    In order to defend the regress argument for foundationalism against Post’s objection that relevant forms of inferential justification are not transitive, Lydia McGrew and Timothy McGrew define a relation E of positive evidence, which, they contend, has the following features: It is a necessary condition for any inferential justification; it is transitive and irreflexive; and it enables both a strengthened regress argument proof against Post’s objection and an argument that nothing can ever appear in its own justificational ancestry. In reply, (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  16.  32
    Defending Science — Within Reason: Between Scientism and Cynicism, by Susan Haack. [REVIEW]Derek Turner - 2004 - Disputatio 1 (17):84-90.
  17.  2
    Are We at War with Nature?Derek D. Turner - 2005 - Environmental Values 14 (1):21 - 36.
    A number of people, from William James to Dave Foreman and Vandana Shiva, have suggested that humans are at war with nature. Moreover, the analogy with warfare figures in at least one important argument for strategic monkeywrenching. In general, an analogy can be used for purposes of (1) justification; (2) persuasion; or (3) as a tool for generating novel hypotheses and recommendations. This paper argues that the analogy with warfare should not be used for justificatory or rhetorical purposes, but that (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  18.  30
    Comments on P. Kyle Stanford's “Getting Real” The Hypothesis of Organic Fossil Origins”.Derek Turner - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3-4):245-250.
  19.  52
    An Evolutionary Account of Chronic Pain: Integrating the Natural Method in Evolutionary Psychology.Kenneth J. Sufka & Derek D. Turner - 2005 - Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):243-257.
    This paper offers an evolutionary account of chronic pain. Chronic pain is a maladaptive by-product of pain mechanisms and neural plasticity, both of which are highly adaptive. This account shows how evolutionary psychology can be integrated with Flanagan's natural method, and in a way that avoids the usual charges of panglossian adaptationism and an uncritical commitment to a modular picture of the mind. Evolutionary psychology is most promising when it adopts a bottom-up research strategy that focuses on basic affective and (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  2
    The Functions of Fossils: Inference and Explanation in Functional Morphology.Derek Turner - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 31 (1):193-212.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  21.  32
    The Progress of Darwinism.Derek Turner - 2006 - Biology and Philosophy 21 (2):277-285.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  4
    Biases in the Selection of Candidate Species for De-Extinction.Derek D. Turner - 2017 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 20 (1):21-24.
    Entrenched biases in favour of large, charismatic mammals, towards predators, towards terrestrial animals and towards species that have cultural importance can influence the selection of candidate species for de-extinction research. Often, the species with the highest existence value will also be the ones that raise the most serious animal welfare concerns.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  16
    Misleading Observable Analogues in Paleontology.Derek Turner - 2005 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 36 (1):175-183.
    Carman argues, in ‘The electrons of the dinosaurs and the center of the Earth’, that we may have more reason to be realists about dinosaurs than about electrons, because there are plenty of observable analogues for dinosaurs but not for electrons. These observable analogues severely restrict the range of plausible ontologies, thus reducing the threat of underdetermination. In response to this argument, I show that the observable analogues for ancient organisms are a mixed epistemic blessing at best, and I discuss (...)
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  8
    Monkeywrenching, Perverse Incentives and Ecodefence.Derek D. Turner - 2006 - Environmental Values 15 (2):213 - 232.
    By focusing too narrowly on consequentialist arguments for ecosabotage, environmental philosophers such as Michael Martin (1990) and Thomas Young (2001) have tended to overlook two important facts about monkeywrenching. First, advocates of monkeywrenching see sabotage above all as a technique for counteracting perverse economic incentives. Second, their main argument for monkeywrenching – which I will call the ecodefence argument – is not consequentialist at all. After calling attention to these two under-appreciated aspects of monkeywrenching, I go on to offer a (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25.  4
    Why Not NIMBY?Simon Feldman & Derek Turner - 2014 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 17 (1):105-115.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26.  2
    Sic Transitivity: Reply to McGrew and McGrew.John Post & Derek Turner - 2000 - Journal of Philosophical Research 25:67-82.
    In order to defend the regress argument for foundationalism against Post’s objection that relevant forms of inferential justification are not transitive, Lydia McGrew and Timothy McGrew define a relation E of positive evidence, which, they contend, has the following features: It is a necessary condition for any inferential justification; it is transitive and irreflexive; and it enables both a strengthened regress argument proof against Post’s objection and an argument that nothing can ever appear in its own justificational ancestry. In reply, (...)
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  5
    Proportionality and the Precautionary Principle.Derek Turner - 2013 - Ethics, Policy and Environment 16 (3):341-343.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  28.  1
    Comments on P. Kyle Stanford’s “Getting Real” The Hypothesis of Organic Fossil Origins”.Derek Turner - 2010 - Modern Schoolman 87 (3/4):245-250.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  3
    Brill Online Books and Journals.Rob Inkpen & Derek Turner - 2012 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 6 (1).
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30.  1
    The Relaxed Forces Strategy for Testing Natural State Theories: The Case of the ZFEL.Derek Turner - unknown
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography