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Desmond M. Clarke [84]Desmond Clarke [20]
  1.  99
    Descartes’s Theory of Mind.Desmond Clarke - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    Descartes is possibly the most famous of all writers on the mind, but his theory of mind has been almost universally misunderstood, because his philosophy has not been seen in the context of his scientific work. Desmond Clarke offers a radical and convincing rereading, undoing the received perception of Descartes as the chief defender of mind/body dualism. For Clarke, the key is to interpret his philosophical efforts as an attempt to reconcile his scientific pursuits with the theologically orthodox views of (...)
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  2.  55
    Descartes' Philosophy of Science.Desmond M. Clarke - 1982 - Manchester University Press.
    ONE Introduction Rene Descartes is, in many ways, a victim of his own success as a philosopher. He notoriously wrote a small number of readily accessible, ...
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  3. Meditations and Other Metaphysical Writings.René Descartes & Desmond M. Clarke - 1998
  4.  10
    Hypotheses.Desmond M. Clarke - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article thinks about changes in the conception of hypothesis during the early modern period. It explains that during this period there was an urgency to redefine human knowledge so that uncertainty became one of its inevitable and acceptable features, and certainty was replaced by probability as an adequate achievement in knowledge of the natural world. It discusses Isaac Newton's deep-seated rejection of hypotheses and the assumption that their use in natural philosophy would compromise its status as genuine scientific knowledge.
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  5. Descartes' Philosophy of Science.Desmond M. Clarke - 1982 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    This major new study of Descartes explores a number of key issues, including his use of experience and reason in science; the metaphysical foundations of Cartesian science; the Cartesian concept of explanation and proof; and an empiricist interpretation of the _Regulae_ and the _Discourse_. Dr. Clarke argues that labels such as empiricism and rationalism are useless for understanding Descartes because, at least in his scientific methodology, he is very much an Aristotelian for whom reflection on ordinary experience is the primary (...)
     
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  6. The Equality of the Sexes: Three Feminist Texts of the Seventeenth Century.Desmond M. Clarke - 2013 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Desmond M. Clarke presents new translations, from French and Latin, of three of the first feminist tracts to support explicitly the equality of men and women: Marie le Jars de Gournay's The Equality of Men and Women, Anna Maria van Schurman's Dissertation, and François Poulain de la Barre's Physical and Moral Discourse concerning the Equality of Both Sexes. These works transformed the language and conceptual framework in which questions about women's equality were subsequently discussed. This edition includes new translations, from (...)
     
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  7. Causal Powers and Occasionalism From Descartes to Malebranche.Desmond Clarke - 2000 - In John Schuster, Stephen Gaukroger & John Sutton (eds.), Descartes' Natural Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 131--48.
     
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  8.  95
    Malebranche and Occasionalism: A Reply to Steven Nadler.Desmond M. Clarke - 1995 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 33 (3):499-504.
    In Malebranche's account of occasional causality, God exercises his general will with respect to every event that merits a causal explanation. Nadler distinguishes two pictures of God's involvement; (1) there are as many distinct acts of God's will as there are causal events to be explained; (2) God's will is exercised once only, when the natural order of causes is created. I argue that Malebranche's concept of God is inconsistent with a real distinction between God and acts of his will, (...)
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  9.  65
    The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe.Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    In this Handbook twenty-six leading scholars survey the development of philosophy between the middle of the sixteenth century and the early eighteenth century.
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  10.  3
    Locke and French Materialism.Desmond M. Clarke - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):109-111.
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  11.  9
    The Epistemology of Religious Belief.Desmond M. Clarke - 2011 - In Desmond M. Clarke & Catherine Wilson (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy in Early Modern Europe. Oxford University Press.
    This article examines the epistemological aspects of religious belief in early modern Europe. It suggests that the most prominent feature of Christian creeds during this period was their plurality and mutual inconsistency and that efforts to address this issue focused on the capacity of our natural cognitive faculties to limit the scope of faith and to establish the authenticity and meaning of documents that were said to have been inspired by God. It was widely accepted that the probability of any (...)
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  12.  38
    Descartes' Use of "Demonstration" and "Deduction".Desmond M. Clarke - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 54 (4):333-344.
  13.  15
    Blaise Pascal.Desmond Clarke - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  14.  28
    Physics and Metaphysics in Descartes' "Principles".Desmond Clarke - 1979 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 10 (2):89.
  15.  15
    The Impact Rules of Descartes' Physics.Desmond M. Clarke - 1977 - Isis 68 (1):55-66.
  16.  14
    Louis de la Forge.Desmond Clarke - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  17.  12
    Henricus Regius.Desmond Clarke - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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  18.  19
    Dormitive Powers and Scholastic Qualities: A Reply to Hutchison.Desmond M. Clarke - 1993 - History of Science 31 (3):317-327.
  19.  16
    The Concept of Experience in Descartes' Theory of Knowledge.Desmond M. Clarke - 1976 - Studia Leibnitiana 8 (1):18 - 39.
    Nach der üblichen Interpretation löst der Rationalist Descartes empirische Fragen durch einen Rekurs auf die Evidenz der Vernunft, wobei er dieser den Vorzug gegenüber offensichtlich widersprechenden Erfahrungstatsachen einräumt. Dieser Aufsatz stellt 1. einige relevante Züge der Cartesischen Theorie des Subjekts des Erfahrungswissens dar; 2. untersucht er die Vielfalt der Bedeutungen, in denen Descartes das Wort expérience gebraucht, und 3. sucht er zu zeigen, daß die Texte, in denen Descartes behauptet, er ziehe die Vernunft der Erfahrung vor, in Übereinstimmung mit 1. (...)
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  20.  11
    Descartes' Use Of.Desmond M. Clarke - 1977 - Modern Schoolman 54 (4):333-344.
  21.  10
    The Ambiguous Role of Experience in Cartesian Science.Desmond M. Clarke - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:151 - 164.
    Descartes' methodology is ambiguous about the role of empirical evidence in science. This ambiguity does not derive from Rationalist qualms about the specifically empirical character of such evidence; for the apparant clash of experience and reason is explained by the need to re-interpret perceptions in terms of new theories, and by the frequently "contaminated" status of so-called experimental evidence. The ambiguity results, rather, from: (a) Descartes' predilection for "ordinary experience" rather than experiments as a source of warrant, and (b) the (...)
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  22.  1
    Acting According to Conscience.Desmond M. Clarke - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 22:135-149.
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  23.  4
    Acting According to Conscience.Desmond M. Clarke - 1987 - In J. D. G. Evans (ed.), Moral Philosophy and Contemporary Problems. Cambridge University Press. pp. 135--149.
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  24.  17
    Acting According to Conscience: Desmond M. Clarke.Desmond M. Clarke - 1987 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 22:135-149.
    We have inherited from the history of moral philosophy two very different proposals about how we ought to behave. According to one view, we are required to do what is morally right; on the alternative formulation, we are required to do what we believe to be morally right. Unless these twin demands on our moral decision-making can be made to coincide by definition, it is inevitable that in some cases our beliefs about what is morally right may be mistaken. In (...)
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  25.  34
    Anna Maria van Schurman and Women's Education.Desmond M. Clarke - 2013 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 138 (3):347-360.
    Opponents of women's education assumed that women were less naturally gifted than men, that education was inappropriate for Christian women, or that it was irrational to educate women because they could not fulfil the civil and ecclesiastical offices for which education was the required preparation. Van Schurman argued against all three assumptions in her Dissertatio . She presented her arguments as syllogisms, which she based on the authority of the Bible, on the Christian churches' understanding of human nature, and on (...)
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  26.  17
    Anna Maria Van Schurman And Women's Education.Desmond Clarke - 2013 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 138 (3):347-360.
    Opponents of women's education assumed that women were less naturally gifted than men, that education was inappropriate for Christian women, or that it was irrational to educate women because they could not fulfil the civil and ecclesiastical offices for which education was the required preparation. Van Schurman argued against all three assumptions in her Dissertatio. She presented her arguments as syllogisms, which she based on the authority of the Bible, on the Christian churches' understanding of human nature, and on the (...)
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  27.  8
    A New Basis for Moral Philosophy.Desmond M. Clarke - 1987 - Philosophical Books 28 (1):41-42.
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  28. Book Distribution: A Transatlantic Comparison.Desmond Clarke - 1999 - Logos 10 (2):92-95.
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  29. Berkeley: Philosophical Writings.Desmond M. Clarke - 2009 - Cambridge University Press.
    George Berkeley was a university teacher, a missionary, and later a Church of Ireland bishop. The over-riding objective of his long philosophical career was to counteract objections to religious belief that resulted from new philosophies associated with the Scientific Revolution. Accordingly, he argued against scepticism and atheism in the Principles and the Three Dialogues; he rejected theories of force in the Essay on Motion; he offered a new theory of meaning for religious language in Alciphron; and he modified his earlier (...)
     
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  30.  28
    Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol.1.Desmond M. Clarke - 1974 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 23:248-254.
  31. Boston Studies in the Philosophy of Science, Vol.1.Desmond M. Clarke - 1974 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 23:248-254.
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  32.  17
    Causation and Liability in Tort Law.Desmond M. Clarke - 2014 - Jurisprudence 5 (2):217-243.
    Many recent decisions in tort law attempt to combine two conceptually incommensurable features: a traditional 'but for' test of factual causation, and the scientific or medical evidence that is required to explain how some injury occurred. Even when applied to macroscopic objects, the 'but for' test fails to identify causes, because it merely rephrases in the language of possible worlds what may be inferred from what is inductively known about the actual world. Since scientific theories explain the occurrence of events (...)
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  33. Church and State Essays in Political Philosophy.Desmond M. Clarke - 1984
     
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  34.  5
    Church, State and Society: A Reply to Brendan Purcell.Desmond M. Clarke - 1986 - Irish Philosophical Journal 3 (2):117-125.
  35. Descartes. A Biography.Desmond M. Clarke - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):386-386.
    René Descartes is best remembered today for writing 'I think, therefore I am', but his main contribution to the history of ideas was his effort to construct a philosophy that would be sympathetic to the new sciences that emerged in the seventeenth century. To a great extent he was the midwife to the Scientific Revolution and a significant contributor to its key concepts. In four major publications, he fashioned a philosophical system that accommodated the needs of these new sciences and (...)
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  36. Descartes: A Biography.Desmond M. Clarke - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    René Descartes is best remembered today for writing 'I think, therefore I am', but his main contribution to the history of ideas was his effort to construct a philosophy that would be sympathetic to the new sciences that emerged in the seventeenth century. To a great extent he was the midwife to the Scientific Revolution and a significant contributor to its key concepts. In four major publications, he fashioned a philosophical system that accommodated the needs of these new sciences and (...)
     
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  37.  5
    Descartes: Critical and Interpretive Essays.Desmond M. Clarke - 1981 - Philosophical Books 22 (1):12-14.
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  38. Descartes' Concept of Scientific Explanation.Desmond Clarke - 1998 - In John Cottingham (ed.), Descartes. Oxford University Press.
  39.  4
    Descartesova filozofija znanosti in znanstvena revolucija.Desmond M. Clarke - 1996 - Filozofski Vestnik 17 (3).
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  40.  1
    Descartes: Philosophy, Mathematics and Physics.Desmond M. Clarke - 1982 - Philosophical Books 23 (2):82-84.
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  41. Descarten Theory of Mind.Desmond M. Clarke - 2005 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 67 (1):187-188.
    Descartes is possibly the most famous of all writers on the mind, but his theory of mind has been almost universally misunderstood, because his philosophy has not been seen in the context of his scientific work. Desmond Clarke offers a radical and convincing rereading, undoing the received perception of Descartes as the chief defender of mind/body dualism. For Clarke, the key is to interpret his philosophical efforts as an attempt to reconcile his scientific pursuits with the theologically orthodox views of (...)
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  42. Descartes: The philosophical writings. Transl. By John Cottingham, Robert Stoothoff and Dugald Murdoch. [REVIEW]Desmond M. Clarke - 1986 - Studia Leibnitiana 18:94.
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  43. Explanation, Consciousness, and Cartesian Dualism.Desmond M. Clarke - 2002 - In R. E. Auxier & L. E. Hahn (eds.), The Philosophy of Marjorie Grene. La Salle, Illinois: Open Court. pp. 29--471.
  44. E. J. AITON: The Vortex Theory of Planetary Motions. [REVIEW]Desmond M. Clarke - 1977 - Studia Leibnitiana 9:146.
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  45.  54
    Exorcising Ryle's Ghost From Cartesian Metaphysics.Desmond M. Clarke - 2001 - Philosophical Inquiry 23 (3-4):27-36.
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  46.  37
    Emily R. Grosholz. Cartesian Method and the Problem of Reduction. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991. Pp. Ix + 161. ISBN 0-19-824250-6. £22.50. [REVIEW]Desmond Clarke - 1992 - British Journal for the History of Science 25 (2):266-267.
  47. French Philosophy, 1572-1675.Desmond M. Clarke - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Desmond M. Clarke presents a thematic history of French philosophy from the middle of the sixteenth century to the beginning of Louis XIV's reign. While the traditional philosophy of the schools was taught throughout this period by authors who have faded into permanent obscurity, a whole generation of writers who were not professional philosophers--some of whom never even attended a school or college--addressed issues that were prominent in French public life. Clarke explores such topics as the novel political theory espoused (...)
     
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  48.  25
    François Poulain de la Barre.Desmond Clarke - forthcoming - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  49. George Berkeley: Philosophical Writings.Desmond M. Clarke (ed.) - 2008 - Cambridge University Press.
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  50.  22
    Innate Ideas.Desmond M. Clarke - 1975 - Philosophical Studies (Dublin) 24:52-63.
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