Results for 'Devon Cass'

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Devon Cass
Australian National University (PhD)
  1.  22
    The Priority of Liberty: An Argument from Social Equality.Devon Cass - 2021 - Law and Philosophy 40 (2):129-161.
    John Rawls’s thesis that a certain package of basic liberties should be given lexical priority is of great interest for legal and political philosophy, but it has received relatively little defense from Rawls or his supporters. In this paper, I examine three arguments for the thesis: the first is based on the two ‘moral powers’; the second, on the social bases of self-respect; and the third, on a Kantian notion of autonomy. I argue none of these accounts successfully establishes 1) (...)
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  2. Why Markets Don't Stop Discrimination: CASS R. SUNSTEIN.Cass R. Sunstein - 1991 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (2):22-37.
    Markets, it is sometimes said, are hard on discrimination. An employer who finds himself refusing to hire qualified blacks and women will, in the long run, lose out to those who are willing to draw from a broader labor pool. Employer discrimination amounts to a self-destructive “taste” – self-destructive because employers who indulge that taste add to the costs of doing business. Added costs can only hurt. To put it simply, bigots are weak competitors. The market will drive them out. (...)
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  3. Conspiracy Theories: Causes and Cures.Cass R. Sunstein & Adrian Vermeule - 2009 - Journal of Political Philosophy 17 (2):202-227.
    Many millions of people hold conspiracy theories; they believe that powerful people have worked together in order to withhold the truth about some important practice or some terrible event. A recent example is the belief, widespread in some parts of the world, that the attacks of 9/11 were carried out not by Al Qaeda, but by Israel or the United States. Those who subscribe to conspiracy theories may create serious risks, including risks of violence, and the existence of such theories (...)
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  4.  4
    All in School: One Hundred Years of Education in Devon.Devon County Education Committee - 1971 - British Journal of Educational Studies 19 (1):107.
  5.  55
    Devon Acres CSA: Local Struggles in a Global Food System. [REVIEW]Robert Feagan & Amanda Henderson - 2009 - Agriculture and Human Values 26 (3):203-217.
    This paper focuses on examining the dynamic nature of community supported agriculture (CSA) and the real-world experiences which mark its contours, often making it distinct from the early idealized CSA “model.” Specifically, our study examines the narratives of the farmers of Devon Acres CSA over its duration, in tandem with a survey of recent shareholders in order to understand and explain its evolution. The framework we develop here shows that this CSA is largely characterized by instrumental and functional beliefs (...)
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  6. The Ethics of Influence: Government in the Age of Behavioral Science.Cass R. Sunstein (ed.) - 2016 - Cambridge University Press.
    In recent years, 'nudge units' or 'behavioral insights teams' have been created in the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, and other nations. All over the world, public officials are using the behavioral sciences to protect the environment, promote employment and economic growth, reduce poverty, and increase national security. In this book, Cass R. Sunstein, the eminent legal scholar and best-selling co-author of Nudge, breaks new ground with a deep yet highly readable investigation into the ethical issues surrounding nudges, (...)
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  7. Laws of Fear: Beyond the Precautionary Principle.Cass R. Sunstein - 2005 - Cambridge University Press.
    What is the relationship between fear, danger, and the law? Cass Sunstein attacks the increasingly influential Precautionary Principle - the idea that regulators should take steps to protect against potential harms, even if causal chains are uncertain and even if we do not know that harms are likely to come to fruition. Focusing on such problems as global warming, terrorism, DDT, and genetic engineering, Professor Sunstein argues that the Precautionary Principle is incoherent. Risks exist on all sides of social (...)
     
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  8.  10
    Against Tradition: CASS R. SUNSTEIN.Cass R. Sunstein - 1996 - Social Philosophy and Policy 13 (1):207-228.
    In recent years many people have suggested that rights come from traditions. More particularly, many people interested in American constitutional law have said that constitutional rights should be developed with close reference to American traditions. In this essay, I mean to challenge these claims. I argue that the enterprise of defining rights, including constitutional rights, should not be founded on an inquiry into tradition. Traditions should be assessed, not replicated. I also try to unpack some of the complexities in the (...)
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  9. Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions.Cass R. Sunstein & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.) - 2004 - Oxford University Press.
    Cass Sunstein and Martha Nussbaum bring together an all-star cast of contributors to explore the legal and political issues that underlie the campaign for animal rights and the opposition to it. Addressing ethical questions about ownership, protection against unjustified suffering, and the ability of animals to make their own choices free from human control, the authors offer numerous different perspectives on animal rights and animal welfare. They show that whatever one's ultimate conclusions, the relationship between human beings and nonhuman (...)
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  10. The Law of Group Polarization.Cass R. Sunstein - 2002 - Journal of Political Philosophy 10 (2):175–195.
  11. Moral Heuristics.Cass R. Sunstein - 2005 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (4):531-542.
    With respect to questions of fact, people use heuristics – mental short-cuts, or rules of thumb, that generally work well, but that also lead to systematic errors. People use moral heuristics too – moral short-cuts, or rules of thumb, that lead to mistaken and even absurd moral judgments. These judgments are highly relevant not only to morality, but to law and politics as well. Examples are given from a number of domains, including risk regulation, punishment, reproduction and sexuality, and the (...)
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  12. Introduction to Martha C. Nussbaum and Cass R. Sunstein.Cass R. Sunstein - 2005 - In Shasta Gaughen (ed.), Animal Rights. Greenhaven Press.
  13.  10
    Misophonia and Potential Underlying Mechanisms: A Perspective.Devon B. Palumbo, Ola Alsalman, Dirk De Ridder, Jae-Jin Song & Sven Vanneste - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  14.  39
    Republic.Com 2.0.Cass R. Sunstein - 2009 - Princeton University Press.
    This is a compelling if sober set of questions from America's foremost legal scholar."--Lawrence Lessig, Stanford University.
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  15.  15
    The Moderating Roles of Follower Conscientiousness and Agreeableness on the Relationship Between Peer Transparency and Follower Transparency.Cass Shum, Anthony Gatling, Laura Book & Billy Bai - 2019 - Journal of Business Ethics 154 (2):483-495.
    Transparency is an underpinning of workplace ethics. However, most of the existing research has focused on the relationship between leader transparency and its consequences. Drawing on social and self-regulation theory research, we examine the antecedents of followers’ transparency. Specifically, we propose that followers have higher levels of transparency when they are working with peers who have a high level of transparency. We further suggest that followers’ conscientiousness and agreeableness moderate the relationship between peer transparency and followers’ transparency. Using a time-lagged (...)
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  16.  11
    Pain’s Description: Beginning Grammar and Biological Philology.Devon E. Hinton - 2012 - Emotion Review 4 (3):322-323.
    How can pain complaints be elicited and analyzed so as to increase the empathic bond between patient and clinician? I will argue that though Wierzbicka’s approach to this question is useful—an exploration of certain abstract dimensions of pain’s meaning—it fails to examine key aspects that are the most useful and crucial for cultural analysis and for building empathic bonds between the clinician and patient. Not just a grammar of pain is needed; rather a biological philology of pain.
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  17.  20
    Aristotle's Two Systems.Cass Weller & Daniel W. Graham - 1991 - Philosophical Review 100 (2):324.
  18.  65
    Nudges, Agency, and Abstraction: A Reply to Critics.Cass R. Sunstein - 2015 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 6 (3):511-529.
    This essay has three general themes. The first involves the claim that nudging threatens human agency. My basic response is that human agency is fully retained and that agency is always exercised in the context of some kind of choice architecture. The second theme involves the importance of having a sufficiently capacious sense of the category of nudges, and a full appreciation of the differences among them. Some nudges either enlist or combat behavioral biases but others do not, and even (...)
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  19. Preferences and Politics.Cass R. Sunstein - 1991 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 20 (1):3-34.
  20.  56
    Hume on the Normativity of Practical Reasons.Cass Weller - 2013 - Hume Studies 39 (1):3-35.
    In this paper, I argue that Hume accepts two claims. The first is that it is not possible for a human agent, having adopted an end, to remain committed to it, have it in view, and be indifferent to what he or she acknowledges as the proper means of realizing it, where indifference is the absence of a favoring attitude.1 The second is that, other things being equal, an agent who fails through weak resolve to take the acknowledged means to (...)
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  21.  15
    Cass Sunstein, Risk and Reason:Risk and Reason.Kristin Shrader‐Frechette - 2004 - Ethics 114 (2):376-380.
  22. Encountering the Face of the Other: The Implications of the Work of Emmanuel Lévinas for Research in Education.Cass Dykeman - 1993 - Journal of Thought 28 (3-4):5-15.
     
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  23.  43
    Deliberating Groups Versus Prediction Markets (or Hayek's Challenge to Habermas).Cass R. Sunstein - 2012 - In Alvin I. Goldman & Dennis Whitcomb (eds.), Episteme. Oxford University Press. pp. 192-213.
    For multiple reasons, deliberating groups often converge on falsehood rather than truth. Individual errors may be amplified rather than cured. Group members may fall victim to a bad cascade, either informational or reputational. Deliberators may emphasize shared information at the expense of uniquely held information. Finally, group polarization may lead even rational people to unjustified extremism. By contrast, prediction markets often produce accurate results, because they create strong incentives for revelation of privately held knowledge and succeed in aggregating widely dispersed (...)
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  24. The Partial Constitution.Cass Sunstein - 1996 - Law and Philosophy 15 (4):437-445.
     
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  25.  8
    Contemplative Nation: A Philosophical Account of Jewish Theological Language.Cass Fisher - 2012 - Stanford University Press.
    Hermeneutic theory and the study of Jewish theology : toward a new model of Jewish theological language -- Jewish theology as a religious and doxastic practice -- Forms of theological language in Mekhilta of Rabbi Ishmael -- Forms of theological language in Franz Rosenzweig's The star of redemption.
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  26.  75
    Preferences, Paternalism, and Liberty.Cass Sunstein - 2006 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 59:233-264.
    Our goal in this chapter is to draw on empirical work about preference formation and welfare to propose a distinctive form of paternalism, libertarian in spirit, one that should be acceptable to those who are firmly committed to freedom of choice on grounds of either autonomy or welfare. Indeed, we urge that a kind of ‘libertarian paternalism’ provides a basis for both understanding and rethinking many social practices, including those that deal with worker welfare, consumer protection, and the family.
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  27.  44
    Has liberalism ruined everything?Cass R. Sunstein - 2020 - Contemporary Political Theory 19 (2):175-187.
    There has been considerable recent discussion of the social effects of “liberalism,” which are said to include a growth in out-of-wedlock childbirth, repudiation of traditions, a rise in populism, increased reliance on technocracy, inequality, environmental degradation, sexual promiscuity, deterioration of civic associations, a diminution of civic virtue, political correctness on university campuses, and a general sense of alienation. There is good reason for skepticism about these claims. Liberalism is not a person, and it is not an agent in history. Claims (...)
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  28. Incompletely Theorized Agreements in Constitutional Law.Cass R. Sunstein - 2007 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 74 (1):1-24.
    How is constitutionalism possible, when people disagree on so many questions about what is good and what is right? The answer lies in two kinds of incompletely theorized agreement - both reached amidst the sharpest disagreements about the fundamental issues in social life. The first consist of agreements on abstract formulations ; these agreements are crucial to constitution-making as a social practice. The second consist of agreements on particular doctrines and practices; these agreements are crucial to life and law under (...)
     
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  29.  67
    Cost‐Benefit Analysis and the Environment.Cass R. Sunstein - 2005 - Ethics 115 (2):351-385.
  30. Le Casse-Tête de la Citoyenneté Par Droit de Naissance.Ayelet Shachar - 2012 - Les Ateliers de L’Ethique 7 (2):89-116.
    Cet article est la traduction française de l’introduction du livre d’Ayelet Shachar, «The Puzzle of Birthright Citizenship», avec la permission de l’éditeur, tirée de The Birthright Lottery : Citizenship and Global Inequality, Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, pp.1-18. © 2009 President and Fellows of Harvard College. Traduction de Martin Provencher.This paper is the French translation of Ayelet Shachar’s introduction, «The Puzzle of Birthright Citizenship», digitally reproduced by permission of the publisher from The Birthright Lottery : Citizenship and Global Inequality, Cambridge, (...)
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  31.  2
    Judgments of Beauty in Theory Evaluation.Devon Brickhouse-Bryson - 2021 - Lexington Books.
    The role of judgments of beauty in scientific theory evaluation is the subject of significant debate in contemporary philosophy of science. This book advances that debate by broadening its scope. In Judgments of Beauty in Theory Evaluation, the author argues that judgments of beauty are a justified part of theory evaluation of all sorts: not only scientific theory evaluation, but also philosophical theory evaluation. The author argues for this thesis by providing an account of beauty—inherited from Kant and Mothersill—on which (...)
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  32.  51
    Historical Explanations Always Involve Counterfactual History.Cass R. Sunstein - 2016 - Journal of the Philosophy of History 10 (3):433-440.
    _ Source: _Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 433 - 440 Historical explanations are a form of counterfactual history. To offer an explanation of what happened, historians have to identify causes, and whenever they identify causes, they immediately conjure up a counterfactual history, a parallel world. No one doubts that there is a great deal of distance between science fiction novelists and the world’s great historians, but along an important dimension, they are playing the same game.
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  33.  28
    Towards a Social Ethic of Technology.Richard Devon - 2004 - Techne 8 (1):99-115.
  34.  31
    Research Participants’ Understanding of and Reactions to Certificates of Confidentiality.Laura M. Beskow, Devon K. Check & Natalie Ammarell - 2014 - Ajob Empirical Bioethics 5 (1):12-22.
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  35.  25
    The Myth of Original Existence.Cass Weller - 2002 - Hume Studies 28 (2):195-230.
    The myth of original existence is a story told by many readers of Hume. According to it, the author of the Treatise argues that no passion is unreasonable or contrary to reason on the grounds that passions have no ingredient ideas, and, having no ingredient ideas, are in no position to disagree with or be contrary to the product of reason, belief. While Hume doesn't actually say that passions contain no ideas to provide them with their objects, he does say (...)
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  36.  23
    Default Rules Are Better Than Active Choosing.Cass R. Sunstein - 2017 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 21 (8):600-606.
  37.  31
    Second‐Order Decisions.Cass R. Sunstein & Edna Ullmann‐Margalit - 1999 - Ethics 110 (1):5-31.
  38. Deliberating Groups Vs. Prediction Markets (or Hayek's Challenge to Habermas).Cass R. Sunstein - 2006 - Episteme 3 (3):192-213.
    For multiple reasons, deliberating groups often converge on falsehood rather than truth. Individual errors may be amplifi ed rather than cured. Group members may fall victim to a bad cascade, either informational or reputational. Deliberators may emphasize shared information at the expense of uniquely held information. Finally, group polarization may lead even rational people to unjustifi ed extremism. By contrast, prediction markets often produce accurate results, because they create strong incentives for revelation of privately held knowledge and succeed in aggregating (...)
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  39. Introduction: What Are Animal Rights.Cass Sunstein - 2004 - In Cass R. Sunstein & Martha Craven Nussbaum (eds.), Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions. Oxford University Press. pp. 3--21.
     
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  40.  8
    Deliberating Groups Versus Prediction Markets.Cass R. Sunstein - 2006 - Episteme 3 (3):192-213.
    For multiple reasons, deliberating groups often converge on falsehood rather than truth. Individual errors may be amplified rather than cured. Group members may fall victim to a bad cascade, either informational or reputational. Deliberators may emphasize shared information at the expense of uniquely held information. Finally, group polarization may lead even rational people to unjustified extremism. By contrast, prediction markets often produce accurate results, because they create strong incentives for revelation of privately held knowledge and succeed in aggregating widely dispersed (...)
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  41.  13
    The Klein bottle of digital identity.Kimberly Cass - 2021 - AI and Society 36 (3):1073-1074.
  42.  13
    Democracy and the Internet1.Cass R. Sunstein - 2008 - In M. J. van den Joven & J. Weckert (eds.), Information Technology and Moral Philosophy. Cambridge University Press. pp. 93.
  43.  19
    Autonomy by Default.Cass R. Sunstein - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):1-2.
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  44.  1
    Normal Rationality: Decisions and Social Order.Avishai Margalit & Cass R. Sunstein (eds.) - 2017 - Oxford University Press.
    This is a selection of the most important work of Edna Ullmann-Margalit, an unorthodox and deeply original philosopher whose work illuminated the largest mysteries of human life. It centres on two questions: How do people proceed when they cannot act on the basis of reasons, or project likely consequences? How is social order possible?
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  45.  46
    Why Hume is a Direct Realist.Cass Weller - 2001 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 83 (3):258-285.
  46.  61
    Solidarity Goods.Cass R. Sunstein & Edna Ullmann-Margalit - 2001 - Journal of Political Philosophy 9 (2):129–149.
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  47.  7
    Deliberating Groups Vs. Prediction Markets.Cass R. Sunstein - 2006 - Episteme: A Journal of Social Epistemology 3 (3):192-213.
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  48.  29
    A teoria da prova em Leibniz.Mark Julian Cass - 2013 - Scientiae Studia 11 (2):267-279.
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  49.  17
    Towards a Social Ethic of Technology.Richard Devon - 2004 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (1):99-115.
  50.  31
    Scratched Fingers, Ruined Lives, and Acknowledged Lesser Goods.Cass Weller - 2004 - Hume Studies 30 (1):51-85.
    Everyone is familiar with the cases Hume parades in this passage when he dramatically displays just how far one’s preferences and other passions can go without being contrary to reason. His general point is tediously clear. Whatever failing there is in one who prefers the destruction of the world to the scratching of his finger or chooses his total ruin to prevent the least uneasiness of a person wholly unknown to him, it is not a failing of reason, unless this (...)
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