Results for 'Devon Moriarty'

131 found
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  1.  12
    The Coaxing Architecture of Reddit’s R/Science: Adopting Ethos-Assessment Heuristics to Evaluate Science Experts on the Internet.Devon Moriarty & Ashley Rose Mehlenbacher - 2019 - Social Epistemology 33 (6):514-524.
    ABSTRACTConcerned with how individuals assess scientific experts on the Internet, our research investigates the virtual r/science subreddit and their popular Ask-Me-Anything series, where sci...
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  2.  40
    Dialogue - CEO Compensation.Robert Kolb & Jeffrey Moriarty - 2011 - Business Ethics Quarterly 21 (4):679-691.
    Must CEOs Be Saints? Contra Moriarty on CEO Abstemiousness by Robert KolbIn this journal, Jeffrey Moriarty argued that CEOs must refuse to accept compensation above the minimum compensation that will induce them to accept and per­form their jobs. Acting otherwise, he maintains, violates the CEO’s fiduciary duty, even for a CEO new to the firm. I argue that Moriarty’s conclusion rests on a failure to adequately distinguish when a person acts as a fiduciary from when she acts (...)
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  3.  88
    Business Ethics and (or as) Political Philosophy.Joseph Heath, Jeffrey Moriarty & Wayne Norman - 2010 - Business Ethics Quarterly 20 (3):427-452.
    There is considerable overlap between the interests of business ethicists and those of political philosophers. Questions about the moral justifiability of the capitalist system, the basis of property rights, and the problem of inequality in the distribution of income have been of central importance in both fields. However, political philosophers have developed, especially over the past four decades, a set of tools and concepts for addressing these questions that are in many ways quite distinctive. Most business ethicists, on the other (...)
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  4.  34
    Accountable to Whom? Rethinking the Role of Corporations in Political CSR.Waheed Hussain & Jeffrey Moriarty - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (3):519-534.
  5. Rawls, Self-Respect, and the Opportunity for Meaningful Work.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2009 - Social Theory and Practice 35 (3):441-459.
    John Rawls says that one of the requirements for stability is “[s]ociety as an employer of last resort” (PLP, lix). He explains: “[t]he lack of . . . the opportunity for meaningful work and occupation is destructive . . . of citizens’ self-respect” (PLP, lix). Rawls implies in these claims that the opportunity for meaningful work is a social basis of self-respect. This constitutes a significant shift in his account of self-respect, one that has been overlooked. I begin by clarifying (...)
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  6.  58
    On the Relevance of Political Philosophy to Business Ethics.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (3):455-473.
    The central problems of political philosophy (e.g., legitimate authority, distributive justice) mirror the central problems of businessethics. The question naturally arises: should political theories be applied to problems in business ethics? If a version of egalitarianism is the correct theory of justice for states, for example, does it follow that it is the correct theory of justice for businesses? If states should be democratically governed by their citizens, should businesses be democratically managed by their employees? Most theorists who have considered (...)
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  7. Desert-Based Justice.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2018 - In Serena Olsaretti (ed.), Oxford Handbook of Distributive Justice. New York, NY, USA: pp. 152-173.
  8.  9
    The Connection Between Stakeholder Theory and Stakeholder Democracy: An Excavation and Defense.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2014 - Business and Society 53 (6):820-852.
    In early writings, stakeholder theorists supported giving all stakeholders formal, binding control over the corporation, in particular, over its board of directors. In recent writings, however, they claim that stakeholder theory does not require changing the current structure of corporate governance and further claim to be “agnostic” about the value of doing so. This article’s purpose is to highlight this shift and to argue that it is a mistake. It argues that, for instrumental reasons, stakeholder theorists should support giving all (...)
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  9. Do CEOs Get Paid Too Much?Jeffrey Moriarty - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (2):257-281.
    In 2003, CEOs of the 365 largest U.S. corporations were paid on average $8 million, 301 times as much as factory workers. This paper asks whether CEOs get paid too much. Appealing to widely recognized moral values, I distinguish three views of justice in wages: the agreement view, the desert view, and the utility view. I argue that, no matter which view is correct, CEOs get paid too much. I conclude by offering two ways CEO pay might be reduced.
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  10.  42
    Is ‘Equal Pay for Equal Work’ Merely a Principle of Nondiscrimination?Jeffrey Moriarty - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (3):435-461.
    Should people who perform equal work receive equal pay? Most would say ‘yes’, at least insofar as this question is understood to be asking whether employers should be permitted to discriminate against employees on the basis of race or sex. But suppose the employees belong to all of the same traditionally protected groups. Is (what I call) nondiscriminatory unequal pay for equal work wrong? Drawing an analogy with price discrimination, I argue that it is not intrinsically wrong, but it can (...)
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  11.  25
    On the Origin, Content, and Relevance of the Market Failures Approach.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2020 - Journal of Business Ethics 165 (1):113-124.
    The view of business ethics that Christopher McMahon calls the “implicit morality of the market” and Joseph Heath calls the “market failures approach” has received a significant amount of recent attention. The idea of this view is that we can derive an ethics for market participants by thinking about the “point” of market activity, and asking what the world would have to be like for this point to be realized. While this view has been much-discussed, it is still not well-understood. (...)
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  12.  16
    What’s in a Wage? A New Approach to the Justification of Pay.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2020 - Business Ethics Quarterly 30 (1):119-137.
    ABSTRACT:In this address, I distinguish and explore three conceptions of wages. A wage is a reward, given in recognition of the performance of a valued task. It is also an incentive: a way to entice workers to take and keep jobs, and to motivate them to work hard. Finally, a wage is a price of labor, and like all prices, conveys valuable information about relative scarcity. I show that each conception of wages has its own normative logic, or appropriate justification, (...)
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  13. How Much Compensation Can CEOs Permissibly Accept?Jeffrey Moriarty - 2009 - Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (2):235-250.
    Debates about the ethics of executive compensation are dominated by familiar themes. Many writers consider whether the amount of pay CEOs receive is too large—relative to firm performance, foreign CEO pay, or employee pay. Many others consider whether the process by which CEOs are paid is compromised by weak or self-serving boards of directors. This paper examines the issue from a new perspective. I focus on the duties executives themselves have with respect to their own compensation. I argue that CEOs’ (...)
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  14.  98
    Participation in the Workplace: Are Employees Special?Jeffrey Moriarty - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 92 (3):373-384.
    Many arguments have been advanced in favor of employee participation in firm decision-making. Two of the most influential are the "interest protection argument" and the "autonomy argument." I argue that the case for granting participation rights to some other stakeholders, such as suppliers and community members, is at least as strong, according to the reasons given in these arguments, as the case for granting them to certain employees. I then consider how proponents of these arguments might modify their arguments, or (...)
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  15.  15
    Early Modern French Thought: The Age of Suspicion.Michael Moriarty - 2003 - Oxford University Press.
    This book deals with three major French thinkers of the seventeenth century, Descartes, Pascal, and Malebranche. It examines their influential critical accounts of the impact of the body and of social relationships on experience, and the need to correct this by reference to metaphysical or religious truth.
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  16.  95
    Against the Asymmetry of Desert.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2003 - Noûs 37 (3):518–536.
    Desert plays a central role in most contemporary theories of retributive justice, but little or no role in most contemporary theories of distributive justice. This asymmetric treatment of desert is prima facie strange. I consider several popular arguments against the use of desert in distributive justice, and argue that none of them can be used to justify the asymmetry.
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  17.  83
    Justice in Compensation: A Defense.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2012 - Business Ethics: A European Review 21 (1):64-76.
    Business ethicists have written much about ethical issues in employment. Except for a handful of articles on the very high pay of chief executive officers and the very low pay of workers in overseas sweatshops, however, little has been written about the ethics of compensation. This is prima facie strange. Workers care about their pay, and they think about it in normative terms. This article's purpose is to consider whether business ethicists' neglect of the normative aspects of compensation is justified. (...)
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  18. Desert and Distributive Justice in a Theory of Justice.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2002 - Journal of Social Philosophy 33 (1):131–143.
    Some writers think that John Rawls rejects desert as a distributive criterion because he thinks that people are not capable of deserving anything. I argue that Rawls does not think this, and that he rejects desert because he thinks that we cannot tell what people deserve. I then offer a criticism of Rawls's rejection of desert based on its correct interpretation.
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  19.  34
    Hunting ≠ Predation.Paul Veatch Moriarty & Mark Woods - 1997 - Environmental Ethics 19 (4):391-404.
    Holmes Rolston has defended certain forms of hunting and meat eating when these activities are seen as natural participation in the food chains in which we evolved. Ned Hettinger has suggested that some of Rolston’s principles that govern our interactions with plants and animals might appear to be inconsistent with Rolston’s defense of these activities. Hettinger attempts to show that they are not. We argue that Rolston’s principles are not consistent with hunting, given Hettinger’s modifications. In his defense of Rolston, (...)
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  20.  39
    Compensation Ethics and Organizational Commitment.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2014 - Business Ethics Quarterly 24 (1):31-53.
    If an employee is committed to his firm—if he is “attached” or “bound” to it—then his firm may be able to obtain a discount on his labor. This paper asks: Is it wrong for firms to do so? If we understand just or fair pay solely in terms of voluntary agreements between employers and employees, the answer seems to be ‘no.’ Against this, I argue that, in some cases, it is ‘yes.’ In particular, it is wrong for firms to try (...)
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  21.  19
    Do-Not-Attempt-Resuscitation (DNAR) Orders: Understanding and Interpretation of Their Use in the Hospitalised Patient in Ireland. A Brief Report.Helen O’Brien, Siobhan Scarlett, Anne Brady, Kieran Harkin, Rose Anne Kenny & Jeanne Moriarty - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (3):201-203.
    Following the introduction of do-not-resuscitate orders in the 1970s, there was widespread misinterpretation of the term among healthcare professionals. In this brief report, we present findings from a survey of healthcare professionals. Our aim was to examine current understanding of the term do-not-attempt-resuscitate, decision-making surrounding DNAR and awareness of current guidelines. The survey was distributed to doctors and nurses in a university teaching hospital and affiliated primary care physicians in Dublin via email and by hard copy at educational meetings from (...)
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  22.  77
    Smilansky, Arneson, and the Asymmetry of Desert.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (3):537-545.
    Desert plays an important role in most contemporary theories of retributive justice, but an unimportant role in most contemporary theories of distributive justice. Saul Smilansky has recently put forward a defense of this asymmetry. In this study, I argue that it fails. Then, drawing on an argument of Richard Arneson’s, I suggest an alternative consequentialist rationale for the asymmetry. But while this shows that desert cannot be expected to play the same role in distributive justice that it can play in (...)
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  23.  50
    McMahon on Workplace Democracy.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2007 - Journal of Business Ethics 71 (4):339-345.
    This paper offers a sympathetic critique of Christopher McMahon’s Authority and Democracy: A General Theory of Government and Management. Although I find fault with some of his arguments, my goal is not to show that these arguments are irreparable, but to highlight issues that deserve further consideration. After defining some terms, first, I raise an objection to McMahon’s rejection of the moral unity of management (MUM) thesis. Second, I draw attention to his “moralization” of the workplace, and examine the role (...)
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  24.  7
    The MIXED Framework: A Novel Approach to Evaluating Mixed-Methods Rigor.Ann L. Eckhardt & Holli A. DeVon - 2017 - Nursing Inquiry 24 (4):e12189.
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  25.  18
    Against Pay Secrecy.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2018 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 35 (4):689-704.
    Many firms keep pay secret. They do not make information about what their employees are paid available inside or outside of the firm, i.e. to other employees or to the public at large. Indeed, many firms discourage their employees from, or sanction them for, disclosing their pay. Against this, I argue that there are good moral reasons for firms to be transparent about pay. Pay transparency prevents injustice, promotes autonomy, and increases efficiency. After presenting the positive case for pay transparency, (...)
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  26. The Epistemological Argument Against Desert.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2005 - Utilitas 17 (2):205-221.
    Most contemporary political philosophers deny that justice requires giving people what they deserve. According to a familiar anti-desert argument, the influence of genes and environment on people's actions and traits undermines all desert-claims. According to a less familiar – but more plausible – argument, the influence of genes and environment on people's actions and traits undermines some desert-claims (or all desert-claims to an extent). But, it says, we do not know which ones (or to what extent). This article examines this (...)
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  27.  36
    Strangers in a Strange Land: The Problem of Exotic Species.M. Woods & P. V. Moriarty - 2001 - Environmental Values 10 (2):163-191.
    Environmentalists consider invasions by exotic species of plants and animals to be one of the most serious environmental problems we face today, as well as one of the leading causes of biodiversity loss. We argue that in order to develop and enact sensible policies, it is crucial to consider two philosophical questions: What exactly makes a species native or exotic, and What values are at stake? We focus on the first of these two questions, and offer some preliminary suggestions with (...)
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  28.  18
    Fallen Nature Fallen Selves: Early Modern French Thought Ii.Michael Moriarty - 2006 - Oxford University Press UK.
    From the late sixteenth to the late seventeenth centuries, French writing is especially concerned with analysing human nature. The ancient ethical vision of man's nature and goal survives, even, to some extent, in Descartes. But it is put into question especially by the revival of St Augustine's thought, which focuses on the contradictions and disorders of human desires and aspirations. Analyses of behaviour display a powerful suspicion of appearances. Human beings are increasingly seen as motivated by self-love: they are driven (...)
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  29. Grace and Religious Belief in Pascal.Michael Moriarty - 2003 - In Nicholas Hammond (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Pascal. Cambridge University Press. pp. 144--61.
     
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  30. Business Ethics: An Overview.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2008 - Philosophy Compass 3 (5):956-972.
    This essay provides an overview of business ethics. I describe important issues, identify some of the normative considerations animating them, and offer a roadmap of references for those wishing to learn more. I focus on issues in normative business ethics, but discuss briefly the growing body of work in descriptive business ethics. I conclude with a comment on the changing nature of the field.
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  31.  41
    The Ad Hominem Argument of Berkeley’s Analyst.Clare Marie Moriarty - 2018 - British Journal for the History of Philosophy 26 (3):429-451.
    ABSTRACTThis paper responds to two issues in interpreting George Berkeley’s Analyst. First, it explains why the text contains no discussion of religious mysteries or points of faith, despite the claims of the text's subtitle; I argue that the subtitle must be understood, and its success assessed, in conjunction with material external to the text. Second, it’s unclear how naturally the arguments of the Analyst sit with Berkeley’s broader views. He criticizes the methodology of calculus and conceptually problematic entities, and the (...)
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  32.  43
    Does Distributive Justice Pay? Sternberg’s Compensation Ethics.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2011 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 25 (1):33-48.
    Compensation has received a great deal of attention from social scientists. Characteristically, they have been concerned with the causes and effects of various compensation schemes. By contrast, few theorists have addressed the normative aspects of compensation. An exception is Elaine Sternberg, who offers in Just Business a comprehensive theory of compensation ethics. This paper critically examines her theory, and argues that the justification she gives for it fails. Its failure is instructive, however. The main argument Sternberg gives for her theory (...)
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  33. Time-Limited Dynamic Psychotherapy and God Image.Glendon Moriarty - 2008 - In Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.), God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice. Haworth Pastoral Press.
     
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  34.  48
    Liberty, Desert, and the Market: A Philosophical Study. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Moriarty - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (4):734-735.
    This is a review of Serena Olsaretti's book Liberty, Desert, and the Market.
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  35. Fallen Nature, Fallen Selves.Michael Moriarty - 2007 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 69 (2):388-388.
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  36. God Image Handbook for Spiritual Counseling and Psychotherapy: Research, Theory, and Practice.Glendon Moriarty & Louis Hoffman (eds.) - 2008 - Haworth Pastoral Press.
  37.  25
    Towards a Social Ethic of Technology.Richard Devon - 2004 - Techne 8 (1):99-115.
  38.  35
    The Place of Engineering and the Engineering of Place.Gene Moriarty - 2000 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 5 (2):83-96.
    The role or place of engineering is to engineer place, a location of engaging life events. That is the case for focal engineering, which is distinguished from two other kinds of engineering: traditional engineering and modernist engineering. These three kinds of engineering are discussed in terms of ways of knowing appropriate to them: know-how for traditionalist engineering, knowhow/know- what for modernist engineering, and know-how/know- what/know-why for focalengineering. Various notions of place and space are relevant to the three kinds of engineering (...)
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  39.  17
    Towards a Social Ethic of Technology.Richard Devon - 2004 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 8 (1):99-115.
  40. Taste and Ideology in Seventeenth-Century France.Michael Moriarty - 1988
     
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  41.  2
    Wealth, Commerce and Philosophy: Foundational Thinkers and Business Ethics. [REVIEW]Jeffrey Moriarty - 2018 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 3.
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  42. Just Deserts: The Significance of Desert to Distributive Justice.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2002 - Dissertation, Rutgers the State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick
    The view that justice requires giving people what they deserve is both ancient and plausible. Yet many contemporary political philosophers, including John Rawls and Robert Nozick, have put forward distributive theories that give no place to desert. In this dissertation, I give reason to believe that the contemporary rejection of desert is mistaken, and that desert should be taken seriously by political philosophers. ;This project is incomplete in the sense that I do not say how seriously desert should be taken---how (...)
     
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  43.  4
    Acute Aerobic Exercise Based Cognitive and Motor Priming: Practical Applications and Mechanisms.Terence A. Moriarty, Christine Mermier, Len Kravitz, Ann Gibson, Nicholas Beltz & Micah Zuhl - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  44.  15
    Risky Pay and the Financial Crisis: Who's Responsible?Jeffrey Moriarty - 2018 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 42 (1):156-173.
  45.  74
    Teaching & Learning Guide for Business Ethics: An Overview.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2009 - Philosophy Compass 4 (5):873-876.
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  46.  19
    Wanted: Positive Arguments for Markets.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2017 - Journal of Value Inquiry 51 (4):641-645.
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  47.  19
    Three Futures: Nightmare, Diversion, Vision.Patrick Moriarty & Damon Honnery - 2018 - World Futures 74 (2):51-67.
    Possible futures can, for simplicity, be reduced to three broad options: “Business-as-usual economic growth”, “Green economic growth”, and “Ecological sustainability”. We critically discuss the feasibility and sustainability of each. We find that the Nightmare option will eventually be undermined by ecological deterioration and rising resource scarcity, while the Diversion option, we argue, is doomed to failure. The Vision option is for us the only viable future, but requires unprecedented socioeconomic changes. Regardless of path, either Earth biophysical changes, or socioeconomic changes—or (...)
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  48.  36
    A Comparison of Reader Response with Informed Author/Viewer Analysis.Sandra E. Moriarty - 1991 - Semiotics:179-194.
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  49.  21
    The Demands of Stakeholder Theory for Corporate Governance.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2016 - Business Ethics Journal Review 4 (8):47-52.
    Aimee Barbeau advances a thoughtful critique of my article, “The Connection Between Stakeholder Theory and Stakeholder Democracy: An Excavation and Defense.” Although Barbeau does much to push forward the debate about corporate governance, she does it without undermining my thesis. For what Barbeau has shown is not that stakeholder theorists should not endorse stakeholder boards of directors, but that they should also endorse other ways for stakeholders to participate in decision-making processes within firms.
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  50.  2
    Business Ethics.Jeffrey Moriarty - 2016 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
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