Results for 'Diana Betz'

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  1.  63
    Framing How We Think About Disagreement.Joshua Alexander, Diana Betz, Chad Gonnerman & John Philip Waterman - 2018 - Philosophical Studies 175 (10):2539-2566.
    Disagreement is a hot topic right now in epistemology, where there is spirited debate between epistemologists who argue that we should be moved by the fact that we disagree and those who argue that we need not. Both sides to this debate often use what is commonly called “the method of cases,” designing hypothetical cases involving peer disagreement and using what we think about those cases as evidence that specific normative theories are true or false, and as reasons for believing (...)
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  2.  22
    Antiquity and Humanity: Essays on Ancient Religion and Philosophy: Presented to Hans Dieter Betz on His 70th Birthday.Hans Dieter Betz, Adela Yarbro Collins & Margaret Mary Mitchell (eds.) - 2001 - Mohr Siebeck.
  3. Ancient and Modern Perspectives on the Bible and Culture Essays in Honor of Hans Dieter Betz.Hans Dieter Betz & Adela Yarbro Collins - 1998
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  4.  33
    Prediction or Prophecy? The Boundaries of Economic Foreknowledge and Their Socio-Political Consequences.Gregor Betz - 2006 - DUV.
    Gregor Betz explores the following questions: Where are the limits of economics, in particular the limits of economic foreknowledge? Are macroeconomic forecasts credible predictions or mere prophecies and what would this imply for the way economic policy decisions are taken? Is rational economic decision making possible without forecasting at all?
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  5. Revamping Hypothetico-Deductivism: A Dialectic Account of Confirmation. [REVIEW]Gregor Betz - 2013 - Erkenntnis 78 (5):991-1009.
    We use recently developed approaches in argumentation theory in order to revamp the hypothetico-deductive model of confirmation, thus alleviating the well-known paradoxes the H-D account faces. More specifically, we introduce the concept of dialectic confirmation on the background of the so-called theory of dialectical structures (Betz 2010, 2012b). Dialectic confirmation generalises hypothetico-deductive confirmation and mitigates the raven paradox, the grue paradox, the tacking paradox, the paradox from conceptual difference, and the problem of surprising evidence.
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  6.  9
    Filosofia interculturale. Piccola rapsodia concettuale a tre voci.Giuseppe Cacciatore, D., Giuseppe Anna & Rosario Diana - 2014 - Research Trends in Humanities Education & Philosophy 1:11-15.
    Tre studiosi di filosofia interculturale espongono – molto sinteticamente – le loro posizioni su alcuni snodi problematici del loro oggetto di ricerca. Cacciatore si concentra sulla relazione teorica, assai fruttuosa, fra lo storicismo critico-problematico, antiontologico e antimetafisico, della Scuola napoletana e i temi connessi all’interculturalità. D’Anna ritrova in Aristotele – discusso anche attraverso Pietro Piovani e Raul Fornet-Betancourt – un concetto di universale che, distinto da quello di assoluto, è inclusivo della molteplicità e dunque funzionale alla riflessione interculturale. Diana (...)
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  7.  52
    Descartes' »Meditationen über die Grundlagen der Philosophie«. Ein systematischer Kommentar.Gregor Betz - 2011 - Reclam.
    Descartes' "Meditationen" sind vielleicht 'der' Klassiker der Philosophie. Sie behandeln grundlegende Fragen: Welche Arten von Gegenständen kommen in der Welt vor? Was für eine Art von Ding bin ich? Bin ich frei? Was ist Wahrheit? Welchen Status haben logische Wahrheiten oder mathematische Theoreme? Was kann ich wissen? Gregor Betz' systematischer Kommentar rekonstruiert die entsprechenden Gedankengänge und Begründungen und versucht Antworten auf Descartes' Fragen zu geben. Auch andere Philosophen, insbesondere des 20. Jahrhunderts, werden in einen Dialog mit Descartes gestellt. Denn (...)
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  8. In Defence of the Value Free Ideal.Gregor Betz - 2013 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 3 (2):207-220.
    The ideal of value free science states that the justification of scientific findings should not be based on non-epistemic (e.g. moral or political) values. It has been criticized on the grounds that scientists have to employ moral judgements in managing inductive risks. The paper seeks to defuse this methodological critique. Allegedly value-laden decisions can be systematically avoided, it argues, by making uncertainties explicit and articulating findings carefully. Such careful uncertainty articulation, understood as a methodological strategy, is exemplified by the current (...)
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  9.  64
    Gender Differences in Proclivity for Unethical Behavior.Michael Betz, Lenahan O'Connell & Jon M. Shepard - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (5):321 - 324.
    This paper explores possible connections between gender and the willingness to engage in unethical business behavior. Two approaches to gender and ethics are presented: the structural approach and the socialization approach. Data from a sample of 213 business school students reveal that men are more than two times as likely as women to engage in actions regarded as unethical but it is also important to note that relatively few would engage in any of these actions with the exception of buying (...)
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  10. Imaging Recollection and Familiarity in the Medial Temporal Lobe: A Three-Component Model.Rachel A. Diana, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Charan Ranganath - 2007 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 11 (9):379-386.
  11.  22
    The Proactive Corporation: Its Nature and Causes. [REVIEW]Jon M. Shepard, Michael Betz & Lenahan O'Connell - 1997 - Journal of Business Ethics 16 (10):1001-1010.
    We argue that the stakeholder perspective on corporate social responsibility is in the process of being enlarged. Due to the process of institutional isomorphism, corporations are increasingly adopting organizational features designed to promote proactivity over mere reactivity in their stakeholder relationships. We identify two sources of pressure promoting the emergence of the proactive corporation -- stakeholder activism and the recognition of the social embeddedness of the economy. The final section describes four organizational design dimensions being installed by the more proactive (...)
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  12.  27
    Debate Dynamics: How Controversy Improves Our Beliefs.Gregor Betz - 2012 - Springer.
    By means of multi-agent simulations, it investigates the truth and consensus-conduciveness of controversial debates. The book brings together research in formal epistemology and argumentation theory.
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  13. Justifying Inference to the Best Explanation as a Practical Meta-Syllogism on Dialectical Structures.Gregor Betz - 2013 - Synthese 190 (16):3553-3578.
    This article discusses how inference to the best explanation can be justified as a practical meta - argument. It is, firstly, justified as a practical argument insofar as accepting the best explanation as true can be shown to further a specific aim. And because this aim is a discursive one which proponents can rationally pursue in — and relative to — a complex controversy, namely maximising the robustness of one’s position, IBE can be conceived, secondly, as a meta - argument. (...)
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  14. Subliminal Conditioning of Attitudes.J. A. Krosnick, A. L. Betz, L. J. Jussim & A. R. Lynn - 1992 - Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin 18:152-62.
  15. On Degrees of Justification.Gregor Betz - 2012 - Erkenntnis 77 (2):237-272.
    This paper gives an explication of our intuitive notion of strength of justification in a controversial debate. It defines a thesis' degree of justification within the bipolar argumentation framework of the theory of dialectical structures as the ratio of coherently adoptable positions according to which that thesis is true over all coherently adoptable positions. Broadening this definition, the notion of conditional degree of justification, i.e.\ degree of partial entailment, is introduced. Thus defined degrees of justification correspond to our pre-theoretic intuitions (...)
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  16.  94
    What’s the Worst Case? The Methodology of Possibilistic Prediction.Gregor Betz - 2010 - Analyse & Kritik 32 (1):87-106.
    Frank Knight (1921) famously distinguished the epistemic modes of certainty, risk, and uncertainty in order to characterize situations where deterministic, probabilistic or possibilistic foreknowledge is available. Because our probabilistic knowledge is limited, i.e. because many systems, e.g. the global climate, cannot be described and predicted probabilistically in a reliable way, Knight's third category, possibilistic foreknowledge, is not simply swept by the probabilistic mode. This raises the question how to justify possibilistic predictionsincluding the identication of the worst case. The development of (...)
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  17.  26
    Theorie dialektischer Strukturen.Gregor Betz - 2010 - Klostermann.
    Wo Meinungen aufeinanderprallen, um Verständnis geworben und Überzeugungsarbeit geleistet wird, sind Begründungen nicht weit. Für jede Überzeugung gibt es immer ein, zwei Gründe, die mit Gegengründen konfrontiert und, im Gegenzug, mit weiteren Überlegungen verteidigt werden usw. usf. Schnell sind wir verwirrt und drohen, ohne uns der "Grammatikregeln" vernünftigen Argumentierens zu besinnen, nicht mehr durchzublicken. Die Theorie dialektischer Strukturen leistet einen Beitrag zur Grammatik vernünftigen Argumentierens. Sie stellt Begriffe und Verfahren bereit, um Fragen, die sich angesichts einer komplexen Argumentation stellen können, (...)
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  18.  18
    An Organizational Field Approach to Corporate Rationality: The Role of Stakeholder Activism.Lenahan L. O’Connell, Carroll U. Stephens, Michael Betz, Jon M. Shepard & Jamie R. Hendry - 2005 - Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):93-111.
    This paper contends that rationality is more properly evaluated as a property of an organization’s relationships with its stakeholders than of the organization itself. We predicate our approach on the observation that stakeholders can hold goals quite distinct from those of owners and top managers, and these too can be rationally pursued. We build upon stakeholder theory and Weber’s classic distinction between wertrationalitat and zweckrationalitat, adding to them the “new institutionalist” concept of the organization field . Stakeholders employ a variety (...)
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  19.  72
    Are Climate Models Credible Worlds? Prospects and Limitations of Possibilistic Climate Prediction.Gregor Betz - 2015 - European Journal for Philosophy of Science 5 (2):191-215.
    Climate models don’t give us probabilistic forecasts. To interpret their results, alternatively, as serious possibilities seems problematic inasmuch as climate models rely on contrary-to-fact assumptions: why should we consider their implications as possible if their assumptions are known to be false? The paper explores a way to address this possibilistic challenge. It introduces the concepts of a perfect and of an imperfect credible world, and discusses whether climate models can be interpreted as imperfect credible worlds. That would allow one to (...)
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  20.  23
    Probabilities in Climate Policy Advice: A Critical Comment.Gregor Betz - 2007 - Climatic Change 85 (1-2):1-9.
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  21.  84
    Evaluating Dialectical Structures.Gregor Betz - 2009 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 38 (3):283-312.
    This paper develops concepts and procedures for the evaluation of complex debates. They provide means for answering such questions as whether a thesis has to be considered as proven or disproven in a debate or who carries a burden of proof. While being based on classical logic, this framework represents an (argument-based) approach to non-monotonic, or defeasible reasoning. Debates are analysed as dialectical structures, i.e. argumentation systems with an attack- as well as a support-relationship. The recursive status assignment over the (...)
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  22.  16
    The Vicious Circle Theorem – a Graph-Theoretical Analysis of Dialectical Structures.Gregor Betz - 2005 - Argumentation 19 (1):53-64.
    This article sets up a graph-theoretical framework for argumentation-analysis (dialectical analysis) which expands classical argument-analysis. Within this framework, a main theorem on the existence of inconsistencies in debates is stated and proved: the vicious circle theorem. Subsequently, two corollaries which generalize the main theorem are derived. Finally, a brief outlook is given on further expansions and possible applications of the developed framework.
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  23.  46
    Beyond the Sublime: The Aesthetics of the Analogy of Being (Part One).John R. Betz - 2005 - Modern Theology 21 (3):367-411.
    This essay is concerned with modern and postmodern theories of the sublime and with a possible theological response to them. The essay first discusses the “modern sublime” and the “postmodern sublime” , and shows how these versions of the sublime terminate in one or the other form of “pure immanence” and, hence, are not sublime in any standard sense of the term. The essay then argues, in a second part, for an aesthetic of the beautiful and the sublime based upon (...)
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  24. Petitio Principii and Circular Argumentation as Seen From a Theory of Dialectical Structures.Gregor Betz - 2010 - Synthese 175 (3):327-349.
    This paper investigates in how far a theory of dialectical structures sheds new light on the old problem of giving a satisfying account of the fallacy of petitio principii, or begging the question. It defends that (i) circular argumentation on the one hand and petitio principii on the other hand are two distinct features of complex argumentation, and that (ii) it is impossible to make general statements about the defectiveness of an argumentation that exhibits these features. Such an argumentation, in (...)
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  25.  25
    The Case for Climate Engineering Research: An Analysis of the “Arm the Future” Argument.Gregor Betz - 2012 - Climatic Change 111 (2):473-485.
    With the evidence for anthropogenic climate change piling up, suggesting that climate impacts of GHG emissions might have been underestimated in the past (Allison et al. 2009; WBGU 2009), and mitigation policies apparently lagging behind what many scientists consider as necessary reductions in order to prevent dangerous climate change, the debate about intentional climate change, or “climate engineering”, as we shall say in the following, has gained momentum in the past years. While efforts to technically modify earth’s climate had been (...)
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  26.  65
    Recollection, Familiarity and Memory Strength: Confusion About Confounds.Rachel A. Diana & Charan Ranganath - 2011 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 15 (8):337-338.
  27. George Herbert Mead in the Twenty-First Century.Mitchell Aboulafia, Guido Baggio, Joseph Betz, Kelvin J. Booth, Nuria Sara Miras Boronat, James Campbell, Gary A. Cook, Stephen Everett, Alicia Garcia Ruiz, Judith M. Green, Jacquelyn Ann K. Kegley, Erkki Kilpinen, Roman Madzia, John Ryder, Matteo Santarelli & David W. Woods - 2013 - Lexington Books.
    While rooted in careful study of Mead’s original writings and transcribed lectures and the historical context in which that work was carried out, the papers in this volume have brought Mead’s work to bear on contemporary issues in metaphysics, epistemology, cognitive science, and social and political philosophy.
     
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  28.  57
    John Dewey and Paulo Freire.Joseph Betz - 1992 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 28 (1):107 - 126.
  29.  28
    Chaos, Plurality and Model Metrics in Climate Science.Gregor Betz - 2013 - In Ulrich V. Gähde & Stephan Hartmann (eds.), Models, Simulation, and the Reduction of Complexity. de Gruyter. pp. 255-264.
  30.  33
    Ethical Aspects of Climate Engineering. Karlsruhe.Gregor Betz & Sebastian Cacean - 2012 - KIT Scientific Publishing.
    This study investigates the ethical aspects of deploying and researching into so-called climate engineering methods, i.e. large-scale technical interventions in the climate system with the objective of offsetting anthropogenic climate change. The moral reasons in favour of and against R&D into and deployment of CE methods are analysed by means of argument maps. These argument maps provide an overview of the CE controversy and help to structure the complex debate.
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  31.  72
    Truth in Evidence and Truth in Arguments Without Logical Omniscience.Gregor Betz - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 67 (4):1117-1137.
    Science advances by means of argument and debate. Based on a formal model of complex argumentation, this article assesses the interplay between evidential and inferential drivers in scientific controversy, and explains, in particular, why both evidence accumulation and argumentation are veritistically valuable. By improving the conditions for applying veritistic indicators , novel evidence and arguments allow us to distinguish true from false hypotheses more reliably. Because such veritistic indicators also underpin inductive reasoning, evidence accumulation and argumentation enhance the reliability of (...)
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  32.  42
    What Range of Future Scenarios Should Climate Policy Be Based On? Modal Falsificationism and its Limitations.Gregor Betz - 2009 - Philosophia Naturalis 46 (1):133-158.
    Climate policy decisions are decisions under uncertainty and are, therefore, based on a range of future climate scenarios, describing possible consequences of alternative policies. Accordingly, the methodology for setting up such a scenario range becomes pivotal in climate policy advice. The preferred methodology of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change will be characterised as ,,modal verificationism"; it suffers from severe shortcomings which disqualify it for scientific policy advice. Modal falsificationism, as a more sound alternative, would radically alter the way the (...)
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  33.  21
    Reading "Sibylline Leaves": J. G. Hamann in the History of Ideas.John R. Betz - 2012 - In Lisa Marie Anderson (ed.), Hamann and the Tradition. Northwestern University Press. pp. 93-118.
  34.  39
    Business Ethics and Politics.Joseph Betz - 1998 - Business Ethics Quarterly 8 (4):693-702.
    What is the relation of business ethics to politics? My answer has two parts. First, business ethics exists quite apart from politics in matters of simple, basic ethical norms like those prohibiting lying, wanton injury, sexual harrassment. One would be foolish to unsettlethis settled ethics as A. Z. Carr does in this article, “Is Business Bluffing Ethical?” For the business community thus loses the public’s trust and invites a government regulation of business smothering to business and burdensome to government.Second, there (...)
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  35.  5
    Enlightenment Revisited: Hamann as the First and Best Critic of Kant's Philosophy.John R. Betz - 2004 - Modern Theology 20 (2):291-301.
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  36.  28
    Der Umgang mit Zukunftswissen in der Klimapolitikberatung. Eine Fallstudie zum Stern Review.Gregor Betz - 2008 - Philosophia Naturalis 45 (1):95-129.
    The Stern Review on The Economics of Climate Change is a highly influential welfare analysis of climate policy measures which has been published in 2006. This paper identifies and systematically assesses the long-term socioeconomic and climatic predictions the Stern Review relies on, and reflects them philosophically. Being a cost-benefit analysis, the Stern Review has to predict the benefits of climate mitigation policies, i.e.the damaging consequences of climate change which might be avoided, as well as the costs of implementing such policies. (...)
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  37.  48
    Evolution and the Modern Deus Ex Machina.Margaret Betz - 2012 - Think 11 (30):111-114.
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  38. Police Violence.Joseph Betz - 1985 - In Frederick Elliston & Michael Feldberg (eds.), Moral Issues in Police Work. Rowman & Allanheld. pp. 177--196.
     
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  39.  74
    Violence: Garver's Definition and a Deweyan Correction.Joseph Betz - 1977 - Ethics 87 (4):339-351.
  40.  36
    Per una lettura di “Finale di partita” di Samuel Beckett. Appunti da un seminario.Rosario Diana - 2011 - Bollettino Del Centro di Studi Vichiani 41:1.
    [Reading Samuel Beckett's "Fin de Partie". Notes from a seminar]. The paper sets out the results of a didactic workshop about Fin de Partie by Samuel Beckett held by the Author at the ISPF. After clarifying the link between the concept of absurdity and the concept of contradiction, and touching the issue in Giuseppe Rensi, Jean-Paul Sartre and Albert Camus, the Author presents his ontological reading of Beckett’s play.
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  41.  25
    A Mathematical Model of Churchmanian Inquiring Systems with Special Reference to Popper's Measures For?The Severity of Tests?Ian I. Mitroff, Frederick Betz & Richard O. Mason - 1970 - Theory and Decision 1 (2):155-178.
  42. Prediction.Gregor Betz - 2011 - In Ian Jarvie & Jesus Zamora-Bonilla (eds.), Handbook of Philosophy of Social Science. Sage Publications.
    Predictive success as an aim of science -- On the very possibility of prediction in the social sciences -- Empirical facts about social prediction: its mode, object and performance -- Understanding poor forecast performance.
     
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  43.  39
    "A Sociology of Religion," by Michael Hill.Joseph Betz - 1976 - Modern Schoolman 53 (3):299-302.
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  44.  35
    Is Epistemic Trust of Veritistic Value?Gregor Betz, Michael Baurmann & Rainer Cramm - 2013 - Ethics and Politics 15 (2):25-41.
    Epistemic trust figures prominently in our socio-cognitive practices. By assigning different degrees of competence to agents, we distinguish between experts and novices and determine the trustworthiness of testimony. This paper probes the claim that epistemic trust furthers our epistemic enterprise. More specifically, it assesses the veritistic value of competence attribution in an epistemic community, i.e., in a group of agents that collaboratively seek to track down the truth. The results, obtained by simulating opinion dynamics, tend to subvert the very idea (...)
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  45.  36
    Are Dogs the New Hummer?Margaret Betz - 2011 - Think 10 (27):105-108.
    Pet adoption from an animal rescue shelter would seem to be one of those indisputable things in life that only increases a person's positive karma. Kant spoke of morality residing in a good will and pure intention; saving a dog from being euthanized by providing it with a loving, secure home seems the living embodiment of that. Or so it would seem.
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  46.  55
    Proportionality, Just War Theory, and America’s 2003–2004 War Against Iraq.Joseph Betz - 2005 - Social Philosophy Today 21:137-156.
    Just war theory requires that a nation at war respect proportionality both before it goes to war, jus ad bellum, and in the way it fights a war, jus in bello. To respect proportionality is to know or estimate on good evidence that the whole war and the tactics used in the war will not generate more evil and harm and costs than they will generate good and help and benefits. This paper argues that the 2003–2004 U.S. war on Iraq (...)
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  47.  29
    Corrigendum: Imaging Recollection and Familiarity in the Medial Temporal Lobe: A Three-Component Model.Rachel A. Diana, Andrew P. Yonelinas & Charan Ranganath - 2008 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):128.
  48. After Barth : A New Introduction to Erich Pryzywara's Analogia Entis.John R. Betz - 2010 - In Thomas Joseph White (ed.), The Analogy of Being: Invention of the Antichrist or the Wisdom of God? W.B. Eerdmans Pub. Co..
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  49. Colonial Citizens: Republican Rights, Paternal Privilege, and Gender in French Syria and Lebanon. By Elizabeth Thompson.D. M. Betz - 2003 - The European Legacy 8 (1):92-93.
     
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  50.  33
    Sissela Bok on the Analogy of Deception and Violence.Joseph Betz - 1985 - Journal of Value Inquiry 19 (3):217-224.
    Bok defines lying in the same way as Augustine and Kant. But she wants to oppose their position that one cannot lie to save an innocent life. This position was successfully and consistently opposed by Constant and Grotius who did so by redefining lying so that the untruth one tells to save an innocent life does not count as a lie since it does not violate a right. Bok refuses to use this way. She instead uses her analogy of deception (...)
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