Results for 'Dieter Wallach'

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  1.  34
    Implicit and Explicit Learning in a Hybrid Architecture of Cognition.Christian Lebiere & Dieter Wallach - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):772-773.
    We present a theoretical account of implicit and explicit learning in terms of ACT-R, an integrated architecture of human cognition as a computational supplement to Dienes & Perner's conceptual analysis of knowledge. Explicit learning is explained in ACT-R by the acquisition of new symbolic knowledge, whereas implicit learning amounts to statistically adjusting subsymbolic quantities associated with that knowledge. We discuss the common foundation of a set of models that are able to explain data gathered in several signature paradigms of implicit (...)
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  2.  12
    Selected Opinions of Judge Richard W. Wallach.Richard W. Wallach - 2000 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 12 (2):219-242.
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  3.  98
    Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong.Wendell Wallach & Colin Allen - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Computers are already approving financial transactions, controlling electrical supplies, and driving trains. Soon, service robots will be taking care of the elderly in their homes, and military robots will have their own targeting and firing protocols. Colin Allen and Wendell Wallach argue that as robots take on more and more responsibility, they must be programmed with moral decision-making abilities, for our own safety. Taking a fast paced tour through the latest thinking about philosophical ethics and artificial intelligence, the authors (...)
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  4. The Platonic Political Art: A Study of Critical Reason and Democracy.John R. Wallach - 2001 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In this first comprehensive treatment of Plato’s political thought in a long time, John Wallach offers a "critical historicist" interpretation of Plato. Wallach shows how Plato’s theory, while a radical critique of the conventional ethical and political practice of his own era, can be seen as having the potential for contributing to democratic discourse about ethics and politics today. The author argues that Plato articulates and "solves" his Socratic Problem in his various dialogues in different but potentially complementary (...)
     
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  5. Democracy and Goodness: A Historicist Political Theory.John R. Wallach - 2018 - Cambridge University Press.
    Citizens, political leaders, and scholars invoke the term 'democracy' to describe present-day states without grasping its roots or prospects in theory or practice. This book clarifies the political discourse about democracy by identifying that its primary focus is human activity, not consent. It points out how democracy is neither self-legitimating nor self-justifying and so requires critical, ethical discourse to address its ongoing problems, such as inequality and exclusion. Wallach pinpoints how democracy has historically depended on notions of goodness to (...)
     
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  6.  12
    The Kinetic Depth Effect.Hans Wallach & D. N. O'Connell - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):205.
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  7. Artificial Morality: Top-Down, Bottom-Up, and Hybrid Approaches. [REVIEW]Colin Allen, Iva Smit & Wendell Wallach - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):149-155.
    A principal goal of the discipline of artificial morality is to design artificial agents to act as if they are moral agents. Intermediate goals of artificial morality are directed at building into AI systems sensitivity to the values, ethics, and legality of activities. The development of an effective foundation for the field of artificial morality involves exploring the technological and philosophical issues involved in making computers into explicit moral reasoners. The goal of this paper is to discuss strategies for implementing (...)
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  8. Robot Minds and Human Ethics: The Need for a Comprehensive Model of Moral Decision Making. [REVIEW]Wendell Wallach - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):243-250.
    Building artificial moral agents (AMAs) underscores the fragmentary character of presently available models of human ethical behavior. It is a distinctly different enterprise from either the attempt by moral philosophers to illuminate the “ought” of ethics or the research by cognitive scientists directed at revealing the mechanisms that influence moral psychology, and yet it draws on both. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have tended to stress the importance of particular cognitive mechanisms, e.g., reasoning, moral sentiments, heuristics, intuitions, or a moral grammar, (...)
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  9. Machine Morality: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Approaches for Modelling Human Moral Faculties. [REVIEW]Wendell Wallach, Colin Allen & Iva Smit - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (4):565-582.
    The implementation of moral decision making abilities in artificial intelligence (AI) is a natural and necessary extension to the social mechanisms of autonomous software agents and robots. Engineers exploring design strategies for systems sensitive to moral considerations in their choices and actions will need to determine what role ethical theory should play in defining control architectures for such systems. The architectures for morally intelligent agents fall within two broad approaches: the top-down imposition of ethical theories, and the bottom-up building of (...)
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  10.  53
    Consciousness and Ethics: Artificially Conscious Moral Agents.Wendell Wallach, Colin Allen & Stan Franklin - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):177-192.
  11. A Conceptual and Computational Model of Moral Decision Making in Human and Artificial Agents.Wendell Wallach, Stan Franklin & Colin Allen - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):454-485.
    Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in general, comprehensive models of human cognition. Such models aim to explain higher-order cognitive faculties, such as deliberation and planning. Given a computational representation, the validity of these models can be tested in computer simulations such as software agents or embodied robots. The push to implement computational models of this kind has created the field of artificial general intelligence (AGI). Moral decision making is arguably one of the most challenging tasks for computational (...)
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  12.  32
    Brightness Constancy and the Nature of Achromatic Colors.Hans Wallach - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):310.
  13.  53
    Framing Robot Arms Control.Wendell Wallach & Colin Allen - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (2):125-135.
    The development of autonomous, robotic weaponry is progressing rapidly. Many observers agree that banning the initiation of lethal activity by autonomous weapons is a worthy goal. Some disagree with this goal, on the grounds that robots may equal and exceed the ethical conduct of human soldiers on the battlefield. Those who seek arms-control agreements limiting the use of military robots face practical difficulties. One such difficulty concerns defining the notion of an autonomous action by a robot. Another challenge concerns how (...)
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  14.  14
    The Memory Effect of Visual Perception of Three-Dimensional Form.Hans Wallach, D. N. O'Connell & Ulric Neisser - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):360.
  15.  26
    Implementing Moral Decision Making Faculties in Computers and Robots.Wendell Wallach - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (4):463-475.
    The challenge of designing computer systems and robots with the ability to make moral judgments is stepping out of science fiction and moving into the laboratory. Engineers and scholars, anticipating practical necessities, are writing articles, participating in conference workshops, and initiating a few experiments directed at substantiating rudimentary moral reasoning in hardware and software. The subject has been designated by several names, including machine ethics, machine morality, artificial morality, or computational morality. Most references to the challenge elucidate one facet or (...)
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  16.  29
    Individual Differences in Mental Imagery Ability: A Computational Analysis.Stephen M. Kosslyn, Jennifer Brunn, Kyle R. Cave & Roger W. Wallach - 1984 - Cognition 18 (1-3):195-243.
  17.  34
    Liberals, Communitarians, and the Tasks of Political Theory.John R. Wallach - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (4):581-611.
  18.  87
    Cognitive Models of Moral Decision Making.Wendell Wallach - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):420-429.
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  19.  21
    The Role of Head Movements and Vestibular and Visual Cues in Sound Localization.H. Wallach - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):339.
  20.  24
    None of Us is a Democrat Now.John R. Wallach - 2010 - Theory and Event 13 (2).
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  21. Socratic Citizenship.John Wallach - 1988 - History of Political Thought 9 (3):393-413.
  22.  9
    Discussions About the Use of Life-Sustaining Treatments: A Literature Review of Physicians' and Patients' Attitudes and Practices. End of Life Study Group.Rita T. Layson, Harold M. Adelman, Paul M. Wallach, Mark P. Pfeifer, Sarah Johnston & Robert A. McNutt - 1994 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 5 (3):195.
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  23.  7
    Rethinking Goodness.Michael A. Wallach & Lise Wallach - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    Essays, most of which were published between 1978 and 1985. Evans writes social, not political history. These essays do not give a coherent picture of 19th (and early 20th) century Germany, but make interesting supplementary reading.
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  24.  21
    Book in Review: Plato: Political Philosopher, by Malcolm Schofield. Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 2006. 384 Pp. $45.00. [REVIEW]John R. Wallach - 2009 - Political Theory 37 (1):181-185.
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  25.  14
    Three Functions of Motor-Sensory Feedback in Object Perception.Hans Wallach - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):84-85.
  26.  33
    Art, Science, and Representation: Toward an Experimental Psychology of Aesthetics.Michael A. Wallach - 1959 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (2):159-173.
  27.  19
    An Experimental Analysis of the Law of Effect.H. Wallach & M. Henle - 1941 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (4):340.
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  28.  23
    Cultural Diversity and Informed Consent.Ellen Agard, Daniel Finkelstein & Edward Wallach - 1998 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 9 (2):173.
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  29.  37
    Meyer Schapiro's Essay on Style: Falling Into the Void.Alan Wallach - 1997 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 55 (1):11-15.
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  30.  19
    Interstimulus Interval and Time Estimation in Ratings of Signaled Shock Aversiveness.Milton D. Suboski, Tonnar G. Brace, Louise A. Jarrold, Kurt J. Teller & Richard Dieter - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 96 (2):407.
  31.  32
    The Challenge of Moral Machines.Wendell Wallach - 2009 - Philosophy Now 72:6-9.
  32. Plato's Socratic Problem, and Ours.John R. Wallach - 1997 - History of Political Thought 18 (3):377-398.
  33.  18
    Time Estimation and the Interstimulus Interval Function in Classical Conditioning.Kurt J. Teller, Richard Dieter & Milton D. Suboski - 1972 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 95 (2):445.
  34.  11
    The Conscience of the Machine.Wendell Wallach - 2009 - Philosophy Now 72:4-4.
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  35.  13
    Hegels Theorie Über den Zufall.Henrich Dieter - 1959 - Kant-Studien 50 (1-4):131-148.
  36.  23
    Applied Ethicists: Naysayers or Problem Solvers?Wendell Wallach - 2010 - Interaction Studies 11 (2):283-289.
  37.  10
    The Limits of Reproductive Technology: Who Decides?Ellen S. Agard & Edward E. Wallach - 1999 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 10 (4):329.
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  38.  10
    The Constancy of Colored Objects in Colored Illumination.H. Wallach & A. Galloway - 1946 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 36 (2):119.
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  39.  16
    Commentary: Secondary Smoke Surrounds the Capital Punishment Debate.Richard C. Dieter - 1994 - Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (1):2-84.
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  40.  7
    Amor Hominis — Amor Crucis. Zu Luthers Aristoteleskritik in der Prohatio Zur 28. These der „Heidelberger Disputation“.Theodor Dieter - 1987 - Neue Zeitschrift für Systematicsche Theologie Und Religionsphilosophie 29 (1-3):241-258.
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  41.  8
    The Classical Tradition: Literary and Historical Studies in Honor of Harry Caplan. [REVIEW]R. M. Ogilvie, H. Caplan & L. Wallach - 1968 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 88:249-250.
  42.  6
    A Further Study of the Function of Reward.H. Wallach & M. Henle - 1942 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 30 (2):147.
  43.  4
    How Best to Critique Egoism?Lise Wallach & Michael A. Wallach - 1989 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 12 (4):726-727.
  44.  3
    American Constitutionalism and Democratic Virtue.John R. Wallach - 2002 - Ratio Juris 15 (3):219-241.
  45. Weak Quantum Theory: Formal Framework and Selected Applications. Weak Quantum Theory: Complementarity and Entanglement in Physics and Beyond.H. Atmanspacher, H. Romer & H. Wallach - 2006 - Foundations of Physics 32:379-406.
     
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  46. Heiliger Geist Und Vernunft Bei Luther.Theodor Dieter - 2009 - In Edith Düsing, Werner Neuer & Hans-Dieter Klein (eds.), Geist Und Heiliger Geist: Philosophische Und Theologische Modelle von Paulus Und Johannes Bis Barth Und Balthasar. Königshausen & Neumann.
     
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  47. Konstellationsforschung zur klassischen deutschen Philosophie.H. Dieter - 2005 - In Martin Mulsow & Marcelo Stamm (eds.), Konstellationsforschung. Suhrkamp.
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  48. Cognitive, Emotive, and Ethical Aspects of Decision Making in Humans and in Ai.Iva Smit, Wendell Wallach & G. E. Lasker (eds.) - 2005 - International Institute for Advanced Studies in Systems Research and Cybernetics.
  49. After Virtue: An Essay in Moral Theory.J. R. Wallach - 1983 - Télos 1983 (57):233-240.
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  50. Books in Review.John R. Wallach - 1989 - Political Theory 17 (2):338-342.
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