Results for 'Dieter Wallach'

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  1.  36
    Implicit and Explicit Learning in a Hybrid Architecture of Cognition.Christian Lebiere & Dieter Wallach - 1999 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 22 (5):772-773.
    We present a theoretical account of implicit and explicit learning in terms of ACT-R, an integrated architecture of human cognition as a computational supplement to Dienes & Perner's conceptual analysis of knowledge. Explicit learning is explained in ACT-R by the acquisition of new symbolic knowledge, whereas implicit learning amounts to statistically adjusting subsymbolic quantities associated with that knowledge. We discuss the common foundation of a set of models that are able to explain data gathered in several signature paradigms of implicit (...)
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  2. Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong.Wendell Wallach & Colin Allen - 2008 - Oxford University Press.
    Computers are already approving financial transactions, controlling electrical supplies, and driving trains. Soon, service robots will be taking care of the elderly in their homes, and military robots will have their own targeting and firing protocols. Colin Allen and Wendell Wallach argue that as robots take on more and more responsibility, they must be programmed with moral decision-making abilities, for our own safety. Taking a fast paced tour through the latest thinking about philosophical ethics and artificial intelligence, the authors (...)
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  3.  21
    The Kinetic Depth Effect.Hans Wallach & D. N. O'Connell - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (4):205.
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  4.  15
    Selected Opinions of Judge Richard W. Wallach.Richard W. Wallach - 2000 - Cardozo Studies in Law and Literature 12 (2):219-242.
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  5.  47
    Brightness Constancy and the Nature of Achromatic Colors.Hans Wallach - 1948 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 38 (3):310.
  6. A Response to Joan Wallach Scott.Joan Wallach Scott - 1995 - In Jeffrey Williams (ed.), Pc Wars: Politics and Theory in the Academy. Routledge.
  7. A Conceptual and Computational Model of Moral Decision Making in Human and Artificial Agents.Wendell Wallach, Stan Franklin & Colin Allen - 2010 - Topics in Cognitive Science 2 (3):454-485.
    Recently, there has been a resurgence of interest in general, comprehensive models of human cognition. Such models aim to explain higher-order cognitive faculties, such as deliberation and planning. Given a computational representation, the validity of these models can be tested in computer simulations such as software agents or embodied robots. The push to implement computational models of this kind has created the field of artificial general intelligence (AGI). Moral decision making is arguably one of the most challenging tasks for computational (...)
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  8. Robot Minds and Human Ethics: The Need for a Comprehensive Model of Moral Decision Making. [REVIEW]Wendell Wallach - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (3):243-250.
    Building artificial moral agents (AMAs) underscores the fragmentary character of presently available models of human ethical behavior. It is a distinctly different enterprise from either the attempt by moral philosophers to illuminate the “ought” of ethics or the research by cognitive scientists directed at revealing the mechanisms that influence moral psychology, and yet it draws on both. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have tended to stress the importance of particular cognitive mechanisms, e.g., reasoning, moral sentiments, heuristics, intuitions, or a moral grammar, (...)
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  9. Machine Morality: Bottom-Up and Top-Down Approaches for Modelling Human Moral Faculties. [REVIEW]Wendell Wallach, Colin Allen & Iva Smit - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (4):565-582.
    The implementation of moral decision making abilities in artificial intelligence (AI) is a natural and necessary extension to the social mechanisms of autonomous software agents and robots. Engineers exploring design strategies for systems sensitive to moral considerations in their choices and actions will need to determine what role ethical theory should play in defining control architectures for such systems. The architectures for morally intelligent agents fall within two broad approaches: the top-down imposition of ethical theories, and the bottom-up building of (...)
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  10.  22
    The Memory Effect of Visual Perception of Three-Dimensional Form.Hans Wallach, D. N. O'Connell & Ulric Neisser - 1953 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 45 (5):360.
  11.  77
    Consciousness and Ethics: Artificially Conscious Moral Agents.Wendell Wallach, Colin Allen & Stan Franklin - 2011 - International Journal of Machine Consciousness 3 (01):177-192.
  12.  26
    Bayesian Representation of a Prolonged Archaeological Debate.Efraim Wallach - 2018 - Synthese 195 (1):401-431.
    This article examines the effect of material evidence upon historiographic hypotheses. Through a series of successive Bayesian conditionalizations, I analyze the extended competition among several hypotheses that offered different accounts of the transition between the Bronze Age and the Iron Age in Palestine and in particular to the “emergence of Israel”. The model reconstructs, with low sensitivity to initial assumptions, the actual outcomes including a complete alteration of the scientific consensus. Several known issues of Bayesian confirmation, including the problem of (...)
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  13.  34
    Implementing Moral Decision Making Faculties in Computers and Robots.Wendell Wallach - 2008 - AI and Society 22 (4):463-475.
    The challenge of designing computer systems and robots with the ability to make moral judgments is stepping out of science fiction and moving into the laboratory. Engineers and scholars, anticipating practical necessities, are writing articles, participating in conference workshops, and initiating a few experiments directed at substantiating rudimentary moral reasoning in hardware and software. The subject has been designated by several names, including machine ethics, machine morality, artificial morality, or computational morality. Most references to the challenge elucidate one facet or (...)
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  14.  72
    Framing Robot Arms Control.Wendell Wallach & Colin Allen - 2013 - Ethics and Information Technology 15 (2):125-135.
    The development of autonomous, robotic weaponry is progressing rapidly. Many observers agree that banning the initiation of lethal activity by autonomous weapons is a worthy goal. Some disagree with this goal, on the grounds that robots may equal and exceed the ethical conduct of human soldiers on the battlefield. Those who seek arms-control agreements limiting the use of military robots face practical difficulties. One such difficulty concerns defining the notion of an autonomous action by a robot. Another challenge concerns how (...)
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  15. Feminists Theorize the Political.Judith Butler & Joan Wallach Scott (eds.) - 1992 - Routledge.
  16.  44
    Contemporary Aristotelianism.John R. Wallach - 1992 - Political Theory 20 (4):613-641.
  17. Erkenntnistheorie in Leipzig: Ein Beitrag Zur Universitäts- Und Philosophiegeschichte: Dieter Wittich Zum 75. Geburtstag.Dieter Wittich & Monika Runge (eds.) - 2006 - Rosa-Luxemburg-Stiftung Sachsen.
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  18.  9
    Beyond Cost-Benefit Analysis in the Governance of Synthetic Biology.Wendell Wallach, Marc Saner & Gary Marchant - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (S1):S70-S77.
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  19.  31
    The Role of Head Movements and Vestibular and Visual Cues in Sound Localization.H. Wallach - 1940 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 27 (4):339.
  20. Robot Morals and Human Ethics: The Seminar.Wendell Wallach - 2010 - Teaching Ethics 11 (1):87-92.
    Building artificial moral agents (AMAs) underscores the fragmentary character of presently available models of human ethical behavior. It is a distinctly different enterprise from either the attempt by moral philosophers to illuminate the “ought” of ethics or the research by cognitive scientists directed at revealing the mechanisms that influence moral psychology, and yet it draws on both. Philosophers and cognitive scientists have tended to stress the importance of particular cognitive mechanisms, e.g., reasoning, moral sentiments, heuristics, intuitions, or a moral grammar, (...)
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  21. Gender: Still a Useful Category of Analysis?Joan Wallach Scott - 2010 - Diogenes 57 (1):7-14.
    This paper traces the history of uses of the word “gender”. It suggests that though “gender” has been recuperated and become commonplace, many issues persist around the way “women” and “men”, and the power relations between them, are defined and are evolving. Provided it still allows us to question the meanings attached to the sexes, how they are established and in what contexts, gender remains a useful, because critical, analytical category.
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  22.  8
    III. Liberals, Communitarians, and the Tasks of Political Theory.John R. Wallach - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (4):581-611.
  23.  36
    Liberals, Communitarians, and the Tasks of Political Theory.John R. Wallach - 1987 - Political Theory 15 (4):581-611.
  24.  32
    Niche Construction Theory as an Explanatory Framework for Human Phenomena.Efraim Wallach - 2016 - Synthese 193 (8).
    Niche Construction Theory has been gaining acceptance as an explanatory framework for processes in biological and human evolution. Human cultural niche construction, in particular, is suggested as a basis for understanding many phenomena that involve human genetic and cultural evolution. Herein I assess the ability of the cultural niche construction framework to meet this explanatory role by looking into several NCT-inspired accounts that have been offered for two important episodes of human evolution, and by examining the contribution of NCT to (...)
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  25. Plato's Progeny: How Plato and Socrates Still Captivate the Modern Mind.John R. Wallach - 2003 - Mind 112 (445):151-156.
  26.  42
    Wendell Wallach and Colin Allen: Moral Machines: Teaching Robots Right From Wrong: Oxford University Press, 2009, 273 Pp, ISBN: 978-0-19-537404-9. [REVIEW]Vincent Wiegel - 2010 - Ethics and Information Technology 12 (4):359-361.
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  27. Artificial Morality: Top-Down, Bottom-Up, and Hybrid Approaches. [REVIEW]Colin Allen, Iva Smit & Wendell Wallach - 2005 - Ethics and Information Technology 7 (3):149-155.
    A principal goal of the discipline of artificial morality is to design artificial agents to act as if they are moral agents. Intermediate goals of artificial morality are directed at building into AI systems sensitivity to the values, ethics, and legality of activities. The development of an effective foundation for the field of artificial morality involves exploring the technological and philosophical issues involved in making computers into explicit moral reasoners. The goal of this paper is to discuss strategies for implementing (...)
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  28.  14
    Platonic Power and Political Realism.John R. Wallach - 2014 - Polis 31 (1):28-58.
    Despite often being condemned for having a paradigmatically unrealistic or dangerous conception of power, Plato expends much effort in constructing his distinctive conception of power. In the wake of Socrates’ trial and execution, Plato writes about conventional, elitist, and radically unethical conceptions of power only to ‘refute’ them on behalf of a favoured conception of power allied with justice. Are his arguments as pathetic or wrong-headed as many theorists make them out to be – from Machiavelli to contemporary political realists, (...)
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  29. The Platonic Political Art: A Study of Critical Reason and Democracy.John R. Wallach - 2001 - Pennsylvania State University Press.
    In this first comprehensive treatment of Plato’s political thought in a long time, John Wallach offers a "critical historicist" interpretation of Plato. Wallach shows how Plato’s theory, while a radical critique of the conventional ethical and political practice of his own era, can be seen as having the potential for contributing to democratic discourse about ethics and politics today. The author argues that Plato articulates and "solves" his Socratic Problem in his various dialogues in different but potentially complementary (...)
     
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  30. Psychobiology of Altered States of Consciousness.Dieter Vaitl, Niels Birbaumer, John Gruzelier, Graham A. Jamieson, Boris Kotchoubey, Andrea Kübler, Dietrich Lehmann, Wolfgang H. R. Miltner, Ulrich Ott, Peter Pütz, Gebhard Sammer, Inge Strauch, Ute Strehl, Jiri Wackermann & Thomas Weiss - 2005 - Psychological Bulletin 131 (1):98-127.
  31.  7
    On Constancy of Visual Speed.H. Wallach - 1939 - Psychological Review 46 (6):541-552.
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  32.  9
    An Interview with Professor Dieter Birnbacher: Reflections on Ethical Universality.Hanna Schudy & Dieter Birnbacher - 2012 - Intergenerational Justice Review 6 (1).
    Dieter Birnbacher is professor of philosophy at the University of Düsseldorf and a member of the Foundation for the Rights of Future Generations’ scientific board. In 1988 he published the book Verantwortung für zukünftige Generationen ; which was translated into French and Polish. Hanna Schudy is an ethicist and environmentalist interested in questions of intergenerational responsibility concerning the natural environment. She is a doctoral student at the University of Wroclaw and a DAAD scholarship holder. The interview was conducted in (...)
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  33.  9
    Griechische Goldbleche des 8 Jahrhunderts v. Chr. By Dieter Ohly. Pp. 171, 31 pll. Berlin: Gebr. Mann, 1953. DM. 28.J. K. Brock & Dieter Ohly - 1954 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 74:226-227.
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  34.  6
    Troublemakers: A Philosophy of Puer Robustus.Dieter Thomä - 2019 - New York: Polity.
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  35.  33
    Three Functions of Motor-Sensory Feedback in Object Perception.Hans Wallach - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (1):84-85.
  36.  7
    Rethinking Goodness.Michael A. Wallach & Lise Wallach - 1990 - State University of New York Press.
    Essays, most of which were published between 1978 and 1985. Evans writes social, not political history. These essays do not give a coherent picture of 19th (and early 20th) century Germany, but make interesting supplementary reading.
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  37.  18
    Joan Wallach Scott: The Politics of the Veil: Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ, 2007, 208 Pp, Price £19.95 , ISBN 978-1-4008-2789-3. [REVIEW]Brenna Bhandar - 2009 - Feminist Legal Studies 17 (3):345-351.
  38.  40
    Art, Science, and Representation: Toward an Experimental Psychology of Aesthetics.Michael A. Wallach - 1959 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 18 (2):159-173.
  39.  18
    Rhetoric and Paradox:: Cicero, 'Paradoxa Stoicorum IV'.Barbara Wallach - 1990 - Hermes 118 (2):171-183.
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  40.  2
    Weak Quantum Theory: Formal Framework and Selected Applications. Weak Quantum Theory: Complementarity and Entanglement in Physics and Beyond.H. Atmanspacher, H. Romer & H. Wallach - 2002 - Foundations of Physics 32 (3):379-406.
    The concepts of complementarity and entanglement are considered with respect to their significance in and beyond physics. A formally generalized, weak version of quantum theory, more general than ordinary quantum theory of physical systems, is outlined and tentatively applied to two examples.
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  41. Project MUSE Journals Franciscan Studies Volume 67, 2009 Back to Bacon: Dieter Hattrup and Bonaventure's Authorship of the De Reductione. [REVIEW]Dieter Hattrup & Timothy J. Johnson - 2009 - Franciscan Studies 67.
     
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  42. Uber Theorie Und Praxis. Einleitung von Dieter Henrich.Dieter Heinrich, Immanuel Kant, Friedrich von Gentz & August Wilhelm Rehberg - 1967 - Suhrkamp.
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  43.  57
    How Decoherence Can Solve the Measurement Problem.Dieter Zeh - manuscript
  44.  12
    Self-Consciousness and the Philosophy of Mind.Dieter Sturma - 1995 - Proceedings of the Eighth International Kant Congress 1:661-674.
  45.  55
    What Does Protention "Protend"?Dieter Lohmar - 2002 - Philosophy Today 46 (9999):154-167.
  46. Between Kant and Hegel: Lectures on German Idealism.Dieter Henrich - 2003 - Harvard University Press.
    Thanks to the editorial work of David Pacini, the lectures appear here with annotations linking them to editions of the masterworks of German philosophy as they ...
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  47. The Proof-Structure of Kant's Transcendental Deduction.Dieter Henrich - 1969 - Review of Metaphysics 22 (4):640-659.
    Hence, there is still controversy over which of the two versions of the deduction deserves priority and whether indeed any distinction between them can be maintained that would go beyond questions of presentation and involve the structure of the proof itself. Schopenhauer and Heidegger held that the first edition alone fully expresses Kant's unique philosophy, while Kant himself, as well as many other Kantians, have only seen a difference in the method of presentation.
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  48.  57
    Ethics and Social Science: Which Kind of Co-Operation? [REVIEW]Dieter Birnbacher - 1999 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 2 (4):319-336.
    The relation between ethics and social science is often conceived as complementary, both disciplines cooperating in the solution of concrete moral problems. Against this, the paper argues that not only applied ethics but even certain parts of general ethics have to incorporate sociological and psychological data and theories from the start. Applied ethics depends on social science in order to asses the impact of its own principles on the concrete realities which these principles are to regulate as well as in (...)
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  49.  47
    Dialectic as the 'Self-Fulfillment' of Logic.Dieter Wandschneider - 2010 - In Nektarios Limnatis (ed.), The Dimensions of Hegel's Dialectic. London, New York: Continuum. pp. 31–54.
    The scope of my considerations here is defined along two lines, which seem to me of essential relevance for a theory of dialectic. On the one hand, the form of negation that – as self-referring antinomical negation – gains a quasi-semantic expulsory force [Sprengkraft] and therewith a forwarding [weiterverweisenden] character; on the other hand, the notion that every logical category is defective insofar as the explicit meaning of a category does not express everything that is already implicitly presupposed for its (...)
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  50. Kant Über Selbstbewusstsein Zum Zusammenhang von Erkenntniskritik Und Theorie des Selbstbewusstseins.Dieter Sturma - 1985 - G. Olms.
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