Results for 'Difference Principle'

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  1.  13
    Reiman on Labor, Value, and the Difference Principle.Jan Narveson - 2014 - Journal of Ethics 18 (1):47-74.
    In As Free and as Just as Possible: The Theory of Marxian Liberalism, Jeffrey Reiman proposes to develop a theory of “Marxian Liberalism.” ‘Liberalism’ here is defined by the principle that “sane adult human beings should be free in the sense of free from coercion that would block their ability to act on the choices they make.” While the idea of coercion could use some glossing, it is not obvious that poverty, unemployment, racism, and sexism are as such coercive. (...)
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  2. The Difference Principle: Incentives or Equality?Luca Ferrero - unknown
    1.1.1 In a recent series of papers, G.A. Cohen has presented an egalitarian interpretation of the Difference Principle (hereafter, DP).1 According to this principle—first introduced by Rawls in A Theory of Justice2—inequalities in the distribution of primary goods3 are legitimate only to the extent that they maximize the prospects of the least advantaged members of society. Cohen argues that, once it is properly applied, DP does not legitimate any departure from equality. According to him, the distribution that (...)
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  3.  47
    Rawls különbözeti elve (Rawls’ Difference Principle).Attila Tanyi - 2007 - Hungarian Review of Political Science (Politikatudomanyi Szemle) 16 (2):125-150.
    This paper deals with the third and most disputed principle of John Rawls’s theory of justice: the so-called difference principle. My reasoning has three parts. I first present and examine the principle. My investigation is driven by three questions: what considerations lead Rawls to the acceptance of the principle; what the principle’s relation to effectiveness is; and what and how much the principle demands. A proper understanding of the principle permits me to (...)
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  4.  51
    How Does the Difference Principle Make a Difference?Zoltan Miklosi - 2010 - Res Publica 16 (3):263-280.
    The paper examines the relationship between the two parts of Rawls’ second principle of justice. More specifically, it explores the ways in which the Difference Principle (DP) may constrain the range of acceptable social arrangements in light of the stated lexical priority of the requirement of fair equality of opportunity (FEO) over the DP. The paper discusses two possibilities. First, it examines the role the DP may play within an institutional scheme that satisfies the requirement of FEO. (...)
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  5. The Difference Principle at Work.Samuel Arnold - 2012 - Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (1):94-118.
  6. Property-Owning Democracy and the Difference Principle.Samuel Freeman - 2013 - Analyse & Kritik 35 (1):9-36.
    John Rawls says: “The main problem of distributive justice is the choice of a social system.” Property-owning democracy is the social system that Rawls thought best realized the requirements of his principles of justice. This article discusses Rawls’s conception of property-owning democracy and how it is related to his difference principle. I explain why Rawls thought that welfare-state capitalism could not fulfill his principles; it is mainly because of the connection he perceived between capitalism and utilitarianism.
     
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  7. Locke and the Right to (Acquire) Property: A Lockean Argument for the Rawlsian Difference Principle.Richard Oxenberg - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:55-66.
    The purpose of my paper is to show the derivation of what is sometimes called the ‘new liberalism’ (or ‘progressive liberalism’) from the basic principles of classical liberalism, through a reading of John Locke’s treatment of the right to property in his Second Treatise of Government. Locke’s work sharply distinguishes between the natural right to property in the ‘state of nature’ and the societal right to property as established in a socio-economic political system. Whereas the former does not depend on (...)
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  8. The Difference Principle, Equality of Opportunity, and Cosmopolitan Justice.Gillian Brock - 2005 - Journal of Moral Philosophy 2 (3):333-351.
    What kinds of principles of justice should a cosmopolitan support? In recent years some have argued that a cosmopolitan should endorse a Global Difference Principle. It has also been suggested that a cosmopolitan should support a Principle of Global Equality of Opportunity. In this paper I examine how compelling these two suggestions are. I argue against a Global Difference Principle, but for an alternative Needs-Based Minimum Floor Principle (where these are not co-extensive, as I (...)
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  9.  39
    The Genetic Difference Principle.Colin Farrelly - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (2):21 – 28.
    In the newly emerging debates about genetics and justice three distinct principles have begun to emerge concerning what the distributive aim of genetic interventions should be. These principles are: genetic equality, a genetic decent minimum, and the genetic difference principle. In this paper, I examine the rationale of each of these principles and argue that genetic equality and a genetic decent minimum are ill-equipped to tackle what I call the currency problem and the problem of weight. The genetic (...)
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  10.  66
    Disparate Goods and Rawls' Difference Principle: A Social Choice Theoretic Treatment.Allan Gibbard - 1979 - Theory and Decision 11 (3):267.
    Rawls' Difference Principle asserts that a basic economic structure is just if it makes the worst off people as well off as is feasible. How well off someone is is to be measured by an ???index??? of ???primary social goods???. It is this index that gives content to the principle, and Rawls gives no adequate directions for constructing it. In this essay a version of the difference principle is proposed that fits much of what Rawls (...)
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  11.  47
    Just Savings and the Difference Principle.Steven Wall - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 116 (1):79-102.
    The issue of just savings between generations presents an important,and for the most part unappreciated, problem for Rawls's theory ofdistributive justice. This paper argues that the just savingsprinciple, as Rawls formulates it in his recent work, standsin tension with the difference principle. When thought through,the just savings principle – and more precisely the foundationon which it rests – give us reason to reject the differenceprinciple in favor of a less egalitarian principle ofdistributive justice.
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  12.  39
    The Difference Principle, Rising Inequality, and Supply-Side Economics: How Rawls Got Hijacked by the Right.Mark R. Reiff - 2012 - Revue de Philosophie Économique 13 (2):119.
    Rawls intended the difference principle to be a liberal egalitarian principle of justice. By that I mean he intended it to provide a moral justification for a moderate amount of redistribution of income from the most advantaged members of society to the least. But since the difference principle was introduced, economic inequality has increased dramatically, reaching levels now not seen since just before the Great Depression, levels that Rawls surely would have thought perverse. Many blame (...)
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  13.  7
    Towards Principled Responsible Research and Innovation: Employing the Difference Principle in Funding Decisions.Doris Schroeder & Miltos Ladikas - unknown
    Responsible Research and Innovation has emerged as a science policy framework that attempts to import broad social values into technological innovation processes whilst supporting institutional decision-making under conditions of uncertainty and ambiguity. When looking at RRI from a ‘principled’ perspective, we consider responsibility and justice to be important cornerstones of the framework. The main aim of this article is to suggest a method of realising these principles through the application of a limited Rawlsian Difference Principle in the distribution (...)
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  14.  57
    The Difference Principle and Time.Daniel Attas - 2008 - Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):209-232.
    Rawls's difference principle contains a certain normative ambiguity, so that opposing views, including strong inegalitarian ones, might find a home under it. The element that introduces this indeterminacy is the absence of an explicit reference to time . Thus, a society that agrees on the difference principle as the proper justification of basic political-economic institutions, might nevertheless disagree on whether their specific institutions are justified by that principle. Such disagreement would most often centre on issues (...)
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  15.  21
    The Difference Principle is Not Action-Guiding.Rupert Read - 2011 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 14 (4):487-503.
    Utilitarianism would allow any degree of inequality whatsoever productive of the greatest happiness of the greatest number. But it does not guide political action, because determining what level of inequality would produce the greatest happiness of the greatest number is opaque due to well-known psychological coordination problems. Does Rawlsian liberalism, as is generally assumed, have some superiority to Utilitarianism in this regard? This paper argues not; for Rawls?s ?difference principle? would allow any degree of inequality whatsoever that best (...)
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  16.  12
    Reiman's Libertarian Interpretation of Rawls' Difference Principle.Lawrence Alexander - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:13-18.
    John Rawls’ Difference Principle, which requires that primary goods--income, wealth, and opportunities--be distributed so as to maximize the primary goods of the least advantaged class, has both a libertarian and a welfarist interpretation. The welfarist interpretation, which fits somewhat more easily with Rawls’ method for deriving principles of justice--rational contractors choosing principles behind the veil of ignorance--and with Rawls’ contention that there is a natural affirmative duty to aid others and to help establish and maintain just institutions, is (...)
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  17. Reiman’s Libertarian Interpretation of Rawls’ Difference Principle.Lawrence Alexander - 1984 - Philosophy Research Archives 10:13-18.
    John Rawls’ Difference Principle, which requires that primary goods--income, wealth, and opportunities--be distributed so as to maximize the primary goods of the least advantaged class, has both a libertarian and a welfarist interpretation. The welfarist interpretation, which fits somewhat more easily with Rawls’ method for deriving principles of justice--rational contractors choosing principles behind the veil of ignorance--and with Rawls’ contention that there is a natural affirmative duty to aid others and to help establish and maintain just institutions, is (...)
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  18. Locke and the Right to Property: A Lockean Argument for the Rawlsian Difference Principle.Richard Oxenberg - 2010 - Social Philosophy Today 26:55-66.
    The purpose of my paper is to show the derivation of what is sometimes called the ‘new liberalism’ from the basic principles of classical liberalism, through a reading of John Locke’s treatment of the right to property in his Second Treatise of Government. Locke’s work sharply distinguishes between the natural right to property in the ‘state of nature’ and the societal right to property as established in a socio-economic political system. Whereas the former does not depend on the consent of (...)
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  19. G- A. Cohen's Critique of Rawls's Difference Principle.Samuel Freeman - 2013 - The Harvard Review of Philosophy 19:23-45.
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  20. Environmental Justice and Rawls' Difference Principle.Derek Bell - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (3):287-306.
    It is widely acknowledged that low-income and minority communities in liberal democratic societies suffer a disproportionate burden of environmental hazards. Is “environmental injustice” a necessary feature of liberal societies or is its prevalence due to the failure of existing liberal democracies to live up to liberal principles of justice? One leading version of liberalism, John Rawls’ “justice as fairness,” can be “extended” to accommodate the concerns expressed by advocates of environmental justice. Moreover, Rawlsian environmental justice has some significant advantages over (...)
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  21.  36
    The Revisionist Difference Principle.Andrew D. Williams - 1995 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (2):257 - 281.
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  22. The Labor Theory of the Difference Principle.Jeffrey H. Reiman - 1983 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 12 (2):133-159.
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  23. A Trans-Generational Difference Principle.Daniel Attas - 2009 - In Axel Gosseries & Lukas H. Meyer (eds.), Intergenerational Justice. Oxford University Press.
     
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  24.  51
    Rawls, the Difference Principle, and Economic Inequality.Walter E. Schaller - 1998 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 79 (4):368–391.
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  25.  25
    John Rawls's Difference Principle, Utilitarianism, and the Optimum Degree of Inequality. [REVIEW]Scott Gordon - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (9):275-280.
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  26.  51
    Social Choice and the Derivation of Rawls's Difference Principle.Steven Strasnick - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (4):85-99.
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  27.  49
    The Better Endowed and the Difference Principle.Christopher McMahon - 1989 - Analysis 49 (4):213 - 216.
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  28.  61
    Rawls's Original Position and the Difference Principle.Alan H. Goldman - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):845-849.
  29.  27
    'A Note on Rawls'?Decision-Theoretic? Argument for the Difference Principle.Nollaig Mackenzie - 1977 - Theory and Decision 8 (4):381-385.
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  30.  43
    Rawls's Difference Principle.J. E. J. Altham - 1973 - Philosophy 48 (183):75 - 78.
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  31. Vive la Difference? Rawls' "Difference Principle" and the Fatal Premise Upon Which It Rests.Robert V. Andelson - 1975 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 56 (2):207.
     
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  32. Distributive Justice and the Difference Principle.Tom L. Beauchamp - 1980 - In Gene Blocker & Elizabeth Smith (eds.), John Rawls' Theory of Social Justice. Ohio University Press. pp. 132--161.
     
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  33.  33
    Two Interpretations of the Difference Principle in Rawls's Theory of Justice.Prakash P. Shenoy & Rex Martin - 1983 - Theoria 49 (3):113-141.
  34.  24
    On Strasnick's "Derivation" of Rawls's "Difference Principle".Robert Paul Wolff - 1976 - Journal of Philosophy 73 (21):849-858.
  35.  27
    Is the Difference Principle a Principle of Justice?Christine Swanton - 1981 - Mind 90 (359):415-421.
  36.  10
    Reply to Narveson, “Reiman on Labor, Value and the Difference Principle”.Jeffrey Reiman - 2014 - Journal of Ethics 18 (3):229-237.
    Jan Narveson presents a lengthy critique of my book, As Free and as Just as Possible: The Theory of Marxian Liberalism. Central to the disagreement between Narveson and myself is the Marxian notion, endorsed by me and rejected by Narveson, that private property is coercive, in particular, that capitalist ownership of productive resources coerces workers to work for capitalists. In As Free and as Just as Possible, I hold that people have a natural right to liberty understood as freedom from (...)
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  37.  27
    Does the Difference Principle Really Favour the Worst Off?D. W. Haslett - 1985 - Mind 94 (373):111-115.
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  38.  9
    Knowledge and Psychological Explanation 37–52 Sanford C. Goldberg/Anti-Individualism, Conceptual Omniscience, and Skepticism 53–78 Steven Wall/Just Savings and the Difference Principle 79–102. [REVIEW]Alison Hills, Christopher Mcmahon & Once More Friends - 2003 - Philosophical Studies 116:325-326.
  39.  17
    Justice and the Difference Principle.David Copp - 1974 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 4 (2):229 - 240.
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  40.  23
    Rawls, the Lexical Difference Principle and Equality.Pat Shaw - 1992 - Philosophical Quarterly 42 (166):71-77.
  41.  7
    An Alternative Derivation of the Difference Principle.Nollaig MacKenzie - 1974 - Dialogue 13 (4):787-793.
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  42.  1
    The Difference Principle. The Key to a Just Democratic Society.Marita Brčić - 2010 - Filozofska Istrazivanja 30 (1-2):61-78.
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  43. The Difference Principle at Work.Arnold Samuel - 2012 - Journal of Political Philosophy 20 (1):94-118.
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  44. Environmental Justice and Rawls’ Difference Principle.Derek Bell - 2004 - Environmental Ethics 26 (3):287-306.
    It is widely acknowledged that low-income and minority communities in liberal democratic societies suffer a disproportionate burden of environmental hazards. Is “environmental injustice” a necessary feature of liberal societies or is its prevalence due to the failure of existing liberal democracies to live up to liberal principles of justice? One leading version of liberalism, John Rawls’ “justice as fairness,” can be “extended” to accommodate the concerns expressed by advocates of environmental justice. Moreover, Rawlsian environmental justice has some significant advantages over (...)
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  45. A Philosophical Appraisal of John Rawls’ Difference Principle in the Context of the Quota System of Nigeria.Macaulay A. Kanu - 2015 - Philosophy Study 5 (2).
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  46. Some Remarks on the Difference Principle.Dale Luegenbehl - 1976 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 57 (3):292.
     
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  47. The better endowed and the difference principle.Christopher Mcmahon - 1989 - Erkenntnis 49 (4):213.
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  48. John Rawls's Difference Principle, Utilitarianism, and the Optimum Degree of Inequality.Rawls John - 1973 - Journal of Philosophy 70 (9):275-280.
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  49. 4 The Difference Principle.Eliane Saadé - 2015 - In The Concept of Justice and Equality: On the Dispute Between John Rawls and Gerald Cohen. De Gruyter. pp. 89-103.
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  50. Rawls's Difference Principle and a Problem of Sacrifice.Paul Voice - 1999 - In Henry R. Richardson Paul J. Weithman (ed.), The Two Principles and their Justifications. pp. 28-35.
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