Results for 'Dina Goldin'

399 found
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  1.  93
    The Interactive Nature of Computing: Refuting the Strong Church–Turing Thesis. [REVIEW]Dina Goldin & Peter Wegner - 2008 - Minds and Machines 18 (1):17-38.
    The classical view of computing positions computation as a closed-box transformation of inputs (rational numbers or finite strings) to outputs. According to the interactive view of computing, computation is an ongoing interactive process rather than a function-based transformation of an input to an output. Specifically, communication with the outside world happens during the computation, not before or after it. This approach radically changes our understanding of what is computation and how it is modeled. The acceptance of interaction as a new (...)
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  2.  5
    Allan Gotthelf’s Teleology, First Principles, and Scientific Method in Aristotle’s Biology and James G. Lennox and Robert Bolton’s Being, Nature, and Life in Aristotle Owen Goldin Marquette Universi. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 2013 - Reason Papers 35 (1):149-157.
  3.  36
    Explaining an Eclipse: Aristotle’s Posterior Analytics 2.1-10.Travis Butler & Owen Goldin - 1998 - Philosophical Review 107 (1):149.
    In Explaining an Eclipse, Owen Goldin provides a book-length treatment of the first ten chapters of book 2 of the Posterior Analytics. Goldin’s aim is to answer one question: how can an Aristotelian demonstration show anything of scientific interest if all the premises are definitions? To this question Goldin gives his undivided attention.
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  4. Rituals of the Way the Philosophy of Xunzi.Paul Rakita Goldin & Hsün-tzu - 1999
     
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  5.  45
    Circular Justification and Explanation in Aristotle.Owen Goldin - 2013 - Phronesis 58 (3):195-214.
    Aristotle’s account of epistēmē is foundationalist. In contrast, the web of dialectical argumentation that constitutes justification for scientific principles is coherentist. Aristotle’s account of explanation is structurally parallel to the argument for a foundationalist account of justification. He accepts the first argument but his coherentist accounts of justification indicate that he would not accept the second. Where is the disanalogy? For Aristotle, the intelligibility of a demonstrative premise is the cause of the intelligibility of a demonstrated conclusion and causation is (...)
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  6.  21
    Kath’ Hauta Predicates and the ‘Commensurate Universals’.Owen Goldin - 2019 - Manuscrito 42 (4):44-84.
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  7.  26
    Estimating Large Numbers.David Landy, Noah Silbert & Aleah Goldin - 2013 - Cognitive Science 37 (5):775-799.
    Despite their importance in public discourse, numbers in the range of 1 million to 1 trillion are notoriously difficult to understand. We examine magnitude estimation by adult Americans when placing large numbers on a number line and when qualitatively evaluating descriptions of imaginary geopolitical scenarios. Prior theoretical conceptions predict a log-to-linear shift: People will either place numbers linearly or will place numbers according to a compressive logarithmic or power-shaped function (Barth & Paladino, ; Siegler & Opfer, ). While about half (...)
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  8.  12
    Wandering at Ease in the Zhuangzi.Paul Rakita Goldin & Roger T. Ames - 2000 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 120 (3):474.
  9.  54
    Persistent Misconceptions About Chinese “Legalism”.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (1):88-104.
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  10. Confucianism.Paul Goldin - 2010 - Routledge.
    "Confucianism" presents the history and salient tenets of Confucian thought, and discusses its viability, from both a social and a philosophical point of view, in the modern world. Despite most of the major Confucian texts having been translated into English, there remains a surprising lack of straightforward textbooks on Confucian philosophy in any Western language. Those that do exist are often oriented from the point of view of Western philosophy - or, worse, a peculiar school of thought within Western philosophy (...)
     
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  11.  11
    A Critical View of “On TB Vaccines, Patients’ Demands, and Modern Printed Media in Times of Biomedical Uncertainties: Buenos Aires, 1920–1950”. [REVIEW]Estela B. Quiñones, Lucas Goldin, Inés M. I. Bignone & Roberto A. Diez - 2018 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 15 (1):19-22.
    The putative Pueyo’s vaccine was a commercial venture that obtained marketing authorization in 1946, a turbulent period of Argentine history. After a few months, health authorities withdrew financial support from the state to buy the vaccine and required patients to sign a written consent to receive that product. An independent investigation did not find any evidence of benefit in non-clinical and clinical evaluation of the putative vaccine.
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  12.  29
    Validity and Reliability of an Instrument for Assessing Case Analyses in Bioengineering Ethics Education.Ilya M. Goldin, Rosa Lynn Pinkus & Kevin Ashley - 2015 - Science and Engineering Ethics 21 (3):789-807.
    Assessment in ethics education faces a challenge. From the perspectives of teachers, students, and third-party evaluators like the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology and the National Institutes of Health, assessment of student performance is essential. Because of the complexity of ethical case analysis, however, it is difficult to formulate assessment criteria, and to recognize when students fulfill them. Improvement in students’ moral reasoning skills can serve as the focus of assessment. In previous work, Rosa Lynn Pinkus and Claire Gloeckner (...)
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  13. After Confucius: Studies in Early Chinese Philosophy.Paul Rakita Goldin - 2005 - University of Hawai'i Press.
  14. Confucianism.Paul Goldin - 2010 - Routledge.
    "Confucianism" presents the history and salient tenets of Confucian thought, and discusses its viability, from both a social and a philosophical point of view, in the modern world. Despite most of the major Confucian texts having been translated into English, there remains a surprising lack of straightforward textbooks on Confucian philosophy in any Western language. Those that do exist are often oriented from the point of view of Western philosophy - or, worse, a peculiar school of thought within Western philosophy (...)
     
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  15. The Greeks and the Environment.Laura Westra, Thomas M. Robinson, Madonna R. Adams, Donald N. Blakeley, C. W. DeMarco, Owen Goldin, Alan Holland, Timothy A. Mahoney, Mohan Matten, M. Oelschlaeger, Anthony Preus, J. M. Rist, T. M. Robinson, Richard Shearman & Daryl McGowan Tress - 1997 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Environmental ethicists have frequently criticized ancient Greek philosophy as anti-environmental for a view of philosophy that is counterproductive to environmental ethics and a view of the world that puts nature at the disposal of people. This provocative collection of original essays reexamines the views of nature and ecology found in the thought of Plato, Aristotle, the Stoics, and Plotinus. Recognizing that these thinkers were not confronted with the environmental degradation that threatens contemporary philosophers, the contributors to this book find that (...)
     
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  16.  21
    Tamir, Rawls and the Temple Mount.Owen Goldin - 2005 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (3):289-298.
    abstract What gives ethical and political validity to a state? This is to ask what a state is for and to provide a means to determine whether or not a constitution is just. In this paper I compare the account given by Tamir in Liberal Nationalism with that of Rawls, in order to clarify the decisive differences. Although both recognize the importance of particular associations and the moral imperative to be fair, Tamir places priority on the first and Rawls on (...)
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  17.  88
    Han Fei's Doctrine of Self-Interest.Paul R. Goldin - 2001 - Asian Philosophy 11 (3):151 – 159.
    Chapter 49 of the Han Feizi, entitled 'Wudu', includes one of the earliest discussions in Chinese history of the concepts of gong and si: Han Fei takes si to mean 'acting in one's own interest'. Gong is simply what opposes si. 'Acting in one's own interest' is not inherently reprehensible in Han Fei's view; but a ruler must remember why ministers propose their policies: they are concerned only with enriching themselves, and look upon the ruler as nothing more than a (...)
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  18.  13
    The Socratic Turn: Knowledge of Good and Evil in an Age of Science, Written by Dustin Sebell.Owen Goldin - 2018 - Polis 35 (1):237-240.
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  19.  14
    Response to Editor.Paul R. Goldin - 2011 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 38 (2):328-329.
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  20.  41
    Dao Companion to the Philosophy of Han Fei.Paul R. Goldin (ed.) - 2013 - Springer.
    This edited volume on the thinker, his views on politics and philosophy, and the tensions of his relations with Confucianism (which he derided) is the first of its kind in English.Featuring contributions from specialists in various ...
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  21.  17
    Toward a Semantic General Theory of Everything.Alexei V. Samsonovich, Rebecca F. Goldin & Giorgio A. Ascoli - 2010 - Complexity 15 (4):NA-NA.
  22.  7
    Ciceronian Business Ethics.Owen Goldin - 2006 - Studies in the History of Ethics 12.
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  23.  62
    Aristotle’s Theory of Actuality. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 1997 - Ancient Philosophy 17 (1):226-230.
  24.  24
    Philoponus, On Aristotle, Posterior Analytics 1.19-34.Owen Goldin & Marije Martijn - unknown
    Aristotle described the scientific explanation of universal or general facts as deducing them through scientific demonstrations, that is, through syllogisms that met requirements he first formulated of logical validity and explanatoriness. In Chapters 19-23, he adds arguments for the further logical restrictions that scientific demonstrations can neither be indefinitely long nor infinitely extendible through the interposition of new middle terms. Chapters 24-26 argue for the superiority of universal over particular demonstration, of affirmative over negative demonstration, and of direct negative demonstration (...)
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  25. The Problem of Title of the «Posterior Analytics», and Thoughts From Commentators.Owen Goldin - 2009 - Documenti E Studi Sulla Tradizione Filosofica Medievale 20:127-147.
    The Prior and Posterior Analytics were entitled Ta Analutika by Aristotle himself. But it is not at all clear what Aristotle had in mind in grouping these two works together and in giving them this common title. This question was discussed at length by the ancient Greek commentators on Aristotle. Two main possibilities emerged. The first is that taken by Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ammonius, and Philoponus in his commentary on APr. According to this line of thought, Aristotle has in mind (...)
     
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  26.  16
    Wang, Zhongjiang,Daoism Excavated: Cosmos and Humanity in Early Manuscripts, Trans. By Livia Kohn St. Petersburg, FL: Three Pines, 2015, Vi + 212 Pages: Wang, Zhongjiang 王中江,Studies on the Conceptual History of Daoist Doctrine道家學説的觀念史研究 Beijing 北京: Zhonghua Shuju 中華書局, 2015, 2 + 454 Pages. [REVIEW]Paul R. Goldin - 2019 - Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 18 (1):151-154.
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  27.  30
    Why Daoism is Not Environmentalism.Paul R. Goldin - 2005 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 32 (1):75–87.
  28.  30
    David Bronstein. Aristotle on Knowledge and Learning: The Posterior Analytics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. Xiii+272. $74.00. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 2017 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 7 (1):173-176.
  29.  43
    Aristotle on Homonymy: Dialectic and Science. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 2010 - Ancient Philosophy 30 (1):183-186.
  30.  79
    Letters Pro and Con.Amy Goldin - 1968 - Journal of Aesthetics and Art Criticism 27 (2):227-229.
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  31.  51
    Atoms, Complexes, and Demonstration: Posterior Analytics 96b15-25.Owen Goldin - 2004 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 35 (4):707-727.
    There is agreement neither concerning the point that is being made in Posterior analytics 96b15–25 nor the issue Aristotle intends to address. There are two major lines of interpretation of this passage. According to one, sketched by Themistius and developed by Philoponus and Eustratius, Aristotle is primarily concerned with determining the definitions of the infimae species that fall under a certain genus. They understand Aristotle as arguing that this requires collating definitional predictions, seeing which are common to which species. Pacius, (...)
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  32.  34
    "The Continuous and the Discrete: Ancient Physical Theories From a Contemporary Perspective", by Michael J. White. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 1995 - Ancient Philosophy 15 (1):277.
  33.  8
    Colloquium 2 Commentary on Halper.Owen Goldin - 2018 - Proceedings of the Boston Area Colloquium of Ancient Philosophy 33 (1):61-67.
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  34.  46
    Those Who Don't Know Speak: Translations of the Daode Jing by People Who Do Not Know Chinese.Paul R. Goldin - 2002 - Asian Philosophy 12 (3):183 – 195.
    This essay discusses selected English translations of the Daode jing by people who do not know Chinese, and criticizes them on three counts: they rely heavily on earlier translations; they fail any basic test of accuracy; and they distort and simplify the philosophy of the original. The paper concludes by considering why publishers continue to market such works, and why readers consume them.
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  35.  4
    Review of The Socratic Turn: Knowledge of Good and Evil in an Age of Science, by Dustin Sebell. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - unknown
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  36.  31
    Aristotle’s On Generation and Corruption I. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 2006 - International Philosophical Quarterly 46 (1):132-133.
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  37.  18
    Appeals to History in Early Chinese Philosophy and Rhetoric.Paul R. Goldin - 2008 - Journal of Chinese Philosophy 35 (1):79–96.
  38.  46
    Coordinate Systems for Dendritic Spines: A Somatocentric Approach.Giorgio A. Ascoli & Rebecca F. Goldin - 1997 - Complexity 2 (4):40-48.
  39.  36
    Insidious Syncretism in the Political Philosophy of Huai‐Nan‐Tzu 1.Paul Rakita Goldin - 1999 - Asian Philosophy 9 (3):165 – 191.
    This is a study of the ninth chapter of the Huai-nan-tzu, a Chinese philosophical text compiled in the mid-second century BC. The chapter (entitled Chu-shu [The techniques of the ruler]) has been consistently interpreted as a proposal for a benign government that is rooted in the syncretic Taoist principles of the Huai-nan-tzu and is designed to serve the best interests of the people. I argue, on the contrary, that the text makes skilful (and deliberately deceptive) use of vocabulary from the (...)
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  40.  18
    The Teaching Instinct.Cecilia I. Calero, A. P. Goldin & M. Sigman - 2018 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9 (4):819-830.
    Teaching allows human culture to exist and to develop. Despite its significance, it has not been studied in depth by the cognitive neurosciences. Here we propose two hypotheses to boost the claim that teaching is a human instinct, and to expand our understanding of how teaching occurs as a dynamic bi-directional relation within the teacher-learner dyad. First, we explore how children naturally use ostensive communication when teaching; allowing them to be set in the emitter side of natural pedagogy. Then, we (...)
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  41.  5
    Self, Sameness, and Soul in Alcibiades I_ and the _Timaeus.Owen Goldin - 1993 - Freiburger Zeitschrift für Philosophie Und Theologie 40 (1-2):5-19.
  42.  5
    Ancient Atomism and Digital Philosophy.Owen Goldin - 2018 - Review of Metaphysics 72 (2).
    What is it for a philosophical account to be atomist? What is the attraction of an atomistic metaphysics? These questions are best approached by considering representative varieties of atomism. The present paper offers a preliminary account of atomism in general and then, in order to shed light on atomism in general and its appeal, considers two very different varieties of atomism: that of Democritus and that of Fredkin’s “digital ontology.” Atomistic accounts are philosophically attractive for two related reasons. First, on (...)
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  43.  66
    Metaphysical Explanation and “Partcularization” in Maimonides' Guide of the Perplexed.Owen Goldin - 1992 - Journal of Philosophical Research 17:189-213.
    Within The Guide of the Perplexed Maimonides presents an argument that is intended to render probable the temporal creation of the cosmos. In one of these arguments Maimonides adopts the Kalamic strategy of arguing for the necessity of there being a “particularizing” agent. Maimonides argues that even one who grants Aristotelian science can still ask why the heavenly realm is as it is, to which there is no reply forthcoming but “God so willed it.” The argument is effective against the (...)
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  44.  39
    Parmenides on Possibility and Thought.Owen Goldin - 1993 - Apeiron 26 (1):19 - 35.
  45.  26
    Principles and Proofs: Aristotle’s Theory. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 1997 - International Studies in Philosophy 29 (2):137-138.
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  46.  25
    Cause and Explanation in Ancient Greek Thought, by R.J. Hankinson.Owen Goldin - 2000 - Ancient Philosophy 20 (2):518-520.
  47.  25
    The Chain of Change: A Study of Aristotle’s Physics VII. [REVIEW]Owen Goldin - 1993 - Ancient Philosophy 13 (1):189.
  48.  30
    Aristotle, the Pythagoreans, and Structural Realism.Owen Goldin - 2016 - Review of Metaphysics 69 (4):687-707.
    Aristotle’s main objection to Pythagorean number ontology is that it posits as a basic subject what can exist only as inherent in a subject. The author then shows how contemporary structural realists posit an ontology much like that of Aristotle’s Pythagoreans. Both take the objects of knowledge to be structure, not the subject of structure. He discusses both how pancomputationalists such as Edward Fredkin approach the Pythagorean account insofar as on their account all reality can in principle be expressed as (...)
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  49.  9
    To Tell the Truth: Dissoi Logoi 4 & Aristotle's Response.Owen Goldin - unknown
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  50.  42
    Inference From Signs.Owen Goldin - 2003 - Ancient Philosophy 23 (2):452-459.
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