Results for 'Dirk Hesse'

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  1.  7
    Forschung im Maßregelvollzug – Contra.Dirk Hesse - 2019 - Ethik in der Medizin 31 (3):255-260.
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  2.  19
    Communication Without Sender or Receiver? On Virtualisation in the Information Process.Dirk Müller, Aaron Ruß & Wolfgang Hesse - 2008 - Poiesis and Praxis 5 (3-4):185-192.
    A communication process can be described in terms of a sender transmitting information to a receiver. What happens if one of the two subject roles in this process is virtualised, i.e. substituted by a machine? Is it still appropriate to refer to this as an information transfer even if its source or target is missing? Can information originate from an unknown sender or be transmitted to a (completely) unknown receiver? Before examining these questions and answering them, one has to clarify (...)
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  3.  22
    Information, Information Systems, Information Society: Interpretations and Implications.Wolfgang Hesse, Dirk Müller & Aaron Ruß - 2008 - Poiesis and Praxis 5 (3-4):159-183.
    The term information has become a universal and omnipresent keyword in almost all areas of our modern world—be it in science or society in general. This is not only obvious from the naming of whole scientific branches like Information Theory, Information Science or Informatics but even more from common speaking—characterising our present time and society as information age viz. information society. However, what information might mean, is by no means clear and there is a wide range of interpretations covering, among (...)
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  4.  20
    Duhem, Quine and a New Empiricism: Mary Hesse.Mary Hesse - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 3:191-209.
    As in the case of great books in all branches of philosophy, Pierre Duhem's Le Théorie Physique, first published in 1906, can be looked to as the progenitor of many different and even conflicting currents in subsequent philosophy of science. On a superficial reading, it seems to be an expression of what later came to be called deductivist and instrumentalist analyses of scientific theory. Duhem's very definition of physical theory, put forward early in the book, is the quintessence of instrumentalism: (...)
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  5.  51
    The Construction of Reality.Michael A. Arbib & Mary B. Hesse - 1986 - Cambridge University Press.
    In this book, Michael Arbib, a researcher in artificial intelligence and brain theory, joins forces with Mary Hesse, a philosopher of science, to present an integrated account of how humans 'construct' reality through interaction with the social and physical world around them. The book is a major expansion of the Gifford Lectures delivered by the authors at the University of Edinburgh in the autumn of 1983. The authors reconcile a theory of the individual's construction of reality as a network (...)
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  6.  19
    Information: A Universal Metaphor in Natural and Cultural Sciences? [REVIEW]Michael Bölker, Mathias Gutmann & Wolfgang Hesse - 2008 - Poiesis and Praxis 5 (3-4):155-158.
    Information: a universal metaphor in natural and cultural sciences? Content Type Journal Article DOI 10.1007/s10202-008-0046-2 Authors Michael Bölker, Philipps-Universität Marburg Fachbereich 17: Biologie Karl-von-Frisch-Straße 8 35032 Marburg Germany Mathias Gutmann, Philipps-Universität Marburg Institut für Philosophie Wilhelm Röpke Str. 6B 35032 Marburg Germany Wolfgang Hesse, Philipps-Universität Marburg Fachbereich 12: Mathematik und Informatik Hans-Meerwein-Straße 35032 Marburg Germany Journal Poiesis & Praxis: International Journal of Technology Assessment and Ethics of Science Online ISSN 1615-6617 Print ISSN 1615-6609 Journal Volume Volume 5 Journal Issue (...)
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  7. Models and Analogies in Science.Mary B. Hesse - 1963 - University of Notre Dame Press.
  8. Revolutions and Reconstructions in the Philosophy of Science.Mary Hesse - 1980 - Harvester Press.
  9.  49
    The Structure of Scientific Inference.Mary Hesse - 1974 - [London]Macmillan.
  10. Applications of Inductive Logic: Proceedings of a Conference at the Queen's College, Oxford 21-24, August 1978.L. Jonathan Cohen & Mary B. Hesse (eds.) - 1980 - Oxford University Press.
  11.  53
    The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. [REVIEW]Mary Hesse - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (3):263-269.
  12. The Cognitive Claims of Metaphor.Mary Hesse - 1988 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 2 (1):1 - 16.
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  13. Analogy and Confirmation Theory.Mary Hesse - 1964 - Philosophy of Science 31 (4):319-327.
    The argument from analogy is examined from the point of view of Carnap's confirmation theory. It is argued that if inductive arguments are to be applicable to the real world, they must contain elementary analogical inferences. Carnap's system as originally developed (theλ -system) is not strong enough to take account of analogical arguments, but it is shown that the new system, which he has announced but not published in detail (theη -system), is capable of satisfying the conditions of inductive analogy. (...)
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  14. Theories and the Transitivity of Confirmation.Mary Hesse - 1970 - Philosophy of Science 37 (1):50-63.
    Hempel's qualitative criteria of converse consequence and special consequence for confirmation are examined, and the resulting paradoxes traced to the general intransitivity of confirmation. Adopting a probabilistic measure of confirmation, a limiting form of transitivity of confirmation from evidence to predictions is derived, and it is shown to what extent its application depends on prior probability judgments. In arguments involving this kind of transitivity therefore there is no necessary "convergence of opinion" in the sense claimed by some personalists. The conditions (...)
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  15.  59
    Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Dover Publications.
    This history of physics focuses on the question, "How do bodies act on one another across space?" The variety of answers illustrates the function of fundamental analogies or models in physics as well as the role of so-called unobservable entities. Forces and Fields presents an in-depth look at the science of ancient Greece, and it examines the influence of antique philosophy on seventeenth-century thought. Additional topics embrace many elements of modern physics--the empirical basis of quantum mechanics, wave-particle duality and the (...)
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  16. Models in Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1953 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 4 (15):198-214.
  17.  33
    Unfamiliar Noises.Richard Rorty & Mary Hesse - 1987 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 61 (1):283 - 311.
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  18.  20
    Verbal and Visual Causal Arguments.Uwe Oestermeier & Friedrich W. Hesse - 2000 - Cognition 75 (1):65-104.
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  19.  35
    Truth and the Growth of Scientific Knowledge.Mary Hesse - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:261 - 280.
  20.  65
    Ramifications of 'Grue'.Mary Hesse - 1969 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 20 (1):13-25.
  21.  31
    In Defence of Objectivity.Mary B. Hesse - 1972 - Proceedings of the British Academy 58.
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  22.  14
    Emotional Influences on Semantic Priming.Martin Haänze & Friedrich W. Hesse - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (2):195-205.
  23. Logic of Discovery in Maxwell's Electromagnetic Theory.Mary Hesse - 1973 - In Ronald N. Giere & Richard S. Westfall (eds.), Foundations of Scientific Method: The Nineteenth Century. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. pp. 86--114.
     
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  24. Fine's Criteria of Meaning Change.Mary Hesse - 1968 - Journal of Philosophy 65 (2):46-52.
  25. Is There an Independent Observation Language?Mary Hesse - 1970 - In Robert Colodny (ed.), The Nature and Function of Scientific Theories. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 36--77.
     
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  26.  25
    Forces and Fields: The Concept of Action at a Distance in the History of Physics.Mary B. Hesse - 1961 - Westport, Conn., Greenwood Press.
  27.  13
    AIDS Homecare and Hospice in San Francisco: A Model for Compassionate Care.Marcy A. Fraser & Jerilyn Hesse - forthcoming - Journal of Palliative Care.
  28.  8
    Hooke's Philosophical Algebra.Mary Hesse - 1966 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 57:67-83.
  29.  62
    Aristotle's Logic of Analogy.Mary Hesse - 1965 - Philosophical Quarterly 15 (61):328-340.
  30.  21
    14. Models, Metaphors and Truth.Mary Hesse - 1995 - In Zdravko Radman (ed.), From a Metaphorical Point of View: A Multidisciplinary Approach to the Cognitive Content of Metaphor. De Gruyter. pp. 351-372.
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  31.  5
    Motivated Shortcomings in Explanation: The Role of Comparative Self-Evaluation and Awareness of Explanation Recipient's Knowledge.Devin G. Ray, Josephine Neugebauer, Kai Sassenberg, Jürgen Buder & Friedrich W. Hesse - 2013 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 142 (2):445.
  32. Comment on Kuhn's "Commensurability, Comparability, Communicability".Mary Hesse - 1982 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1982:704-711.
    Kuhn 's incommensurability thesis of 1962 still implies a very radical critique of standard theories of meaning. It is argued that incommensurability is sufficiently pervasive throughout the development of theories as to call in question standard linguistic palliatives, and that Kuhn 's critique of extensionalist translation must be carried further into a theory of interpretation which not only depends on holistic meanings, but also explicitly addresses the ostensive and analogical processes of language learning. Such a theory is required for the (...)
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  33.  91
    Keynes and the Method of Analogy.Mary Hesse - 1987 - Topoi 6 (1):65-74.
  34.  26
    Duhem, Quine and a New Empiricism.Mary Hesse - 1969 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Lectures 3:191-209.
    As in the case of great books in all branches of philosophy, Pierre Duhem's Le Théorie Physique , first published in 1906, can be looked to as the progenitor of many different and even conflicting currents in subsequent philosophy of science. On a superficial reading, it seems to be an expression of what later came to be called deductivist and instrumentalist analyses of scientific theory. Duhem's very definition of physical theory, put forward early in the book, is the quintessence of (...)
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  35.  48
    How To Be Postmodern Without Being A Feminist.Mary Hesse - 1994 - The Monist 77 (4):445-461.
    “Feminist epistemology”: on the face of it this is a contradiction in terms. “Feminism” has its origins in a social subgroup, which has tended to be particularist, separatist, and even sexist; “epistemology” is the study of the conditions of knowledge, or more modestly of justified belief, which are common to human beings as such. The question whether we can or cannot attain such conditions rationally is one of the most important topics of debate in modern philosophy, and it by no (...)
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  36. Applications of Inductive Logic.L. J. Cohen & M. B. Hesse - 1983 - Mind 92 (365):145-147.
     
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  37.  74
    Gilbert and the Historians (II).Mary B. Hesse - 1960 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (42):130-142.
  38.  33
    Whewell’s Cosilience of Inductions and Predictions.Mary Hesse - 1971 - The Monist 55 (3):520-524.
    In his paper “William Whewell on the Consilience of Inductions” Professor Laudan has suggested that Whewell’s use of “consilience of inductions” is not the same as mine in my paper of that title. Suppose we have a theory T which entails three empirical laws L1, L2, L3. L1 is supposed already confirmed by direct evidence of its instances, but we have as yet no direct evidence for L2 or for L3. Then Laudan distinguishes two problems: Whewell’s problem: T is suggested (...)
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  39.  63
    Operational Definition and Analogy in Physical Theories.Mary Hesse - 1951 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 2 (8):281-294.
  40.  35
    Selected Bioethical Issues in Japanese and German Textbooks of Biology for Lower Secondary Schools.Malte Peters*, Yumiko Ono, Koji Shimizu & Manfred Hesse - 1997 - Journal of Moral Education 26 (4):473-489.
    Abstract Some aspects of the coverage of bioethical issues in Japanese (11) and German (10 series) biology textbooks for lower secondary school have been investigated, concentrating on the treatment of environmental issues. It was found that German textbooks devote more space to these problems than the Japanese ones and that the style of presentation in German books is aimed at appealing to the emotions of the pupils, whereas that of the Japanese ones is a more traditional scientific one. The inclusion (...)
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  41.  67
    The Hunt for Scientific Reason.Mary Hesse - 1980 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1980:3 - 22.
    The thesis of underdetermination of theory by evidence has led to an opposition between realism and relationism in philosophy of science. Various forms of the thesis are examined, and it is concluded that it is true in at least a weak form that brings realism into doubt. Realists therefore need, among other things, a theory of degrees of confirmation to support rational theory choice. Recent such theories due to Glymour and Friedman are examined, and it is argued that their criterion (...)
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  42.  13
    Habermas and the Force of Dialectical Argument.Mary Hesse - 1995 - History of European Ideas 21 (3):367-378.
    In his theory of rational discourse, Habermas has made essential use of the concept of 'force of the better argument'. He does not explicitly discuss the theories of meaning and of inference that must underpin this concept, but usually construes it in terms of univocal meaning and propositional inference. These assumptions are challenged by means of examples from the use of metaphor and analogical argument in science, and it is suggested that a generalisation of such arguments applies to philosophical discourse (...)
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  43.  28
    Boole's Philosophy of Logic.Mary B. Hesse - 1952 - Annals of Science 8 (1):61-81.
  44.  40
    On Defining Analogy.Mary B. Hesse - 1959 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 60:79 - 100.
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  45.  11
    Induction by Enumeration and Induction by Elimination.Jaakko Hintikka, Imre Lakatos, J. R. Lucas, R. Carnap, M. B. Hesse & J. Hintikka - 1975 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 40 (3):448-449.
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  46.  53
    "Rationality" in Science and Morals.Mary Hesse - 1988 - Zygon 23 (3):327-332.
  47.  44
    An Introduction to the Constructivist Philosophy of the Erlangen School.Reinhard Hesse - 1979 - International Philosophical Quarterly 19 (3):353-362.
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  48.  32
    Gilbert and the Historians (I).Mary B. Hesse - 1960 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 11 (41):1-10.
  49.  44
    Habermas' Consensus Theory of Truth.Mary Hesse - 1978 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1978:373 - 396.
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  50.  76
    On What There is in Physics. [REVIEW]Mary Hesse - 1962 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 13 (51):234-244.
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