Results for 'Disasters'

319 found
Order:
  1.  13
    Gauging the Societal Impacts of Natural Disasters Using a Capability Approach.Colleen Murphy & Paolo Gardoni - 2010 - Disasters 34 (3):619-636.
    There is a widely acknowledged need for a single composite index that provides a comprehensive picture of the societal impact of disasters. A composite index combines and logically organizes important information policy-makers need to allocate resources for the recovery from natural disasters; it can also inform hazard mitigation strategies. This paper develops a Disaster Impact Index (DII) to gauge the societal impact of disasters on the basis of the changes in individuals’ capabilities. The DII can be interpreted (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  2.  86
    Rule Consequentialism and Disasters.Leonard Kahn - 2013 - Philosophical Studies 162 (2):219-236.
    Rule consequentialism (RC) is the view that it is right for A to do F in C if and only if A's doing F in C is in accordance with the the set of rules which, if accepted by all, would have consequences which are better than any alternative set of rules (i.e., the ideal code). I defend RC from two related objections. The first objection claims that RC requires obedience to the ideal code even if doing so has disastrous (...)
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  3.  10
    What Do Liberal Democratic States Owe the Victims of Disasters? A Rawlsian Account.Paul Voice - 2016 - Journal of Applied Philosophy 33 (4):396-410.
    Is there a principled way to understand what liberal democratic states owe, as a matter of justice, to the victims of disasters? This article shows what is normatively special and distinctive about disasters and argues for the view that there are substantial duties of justice for liberal democratic states. The article rejects both a libertarian and a utilitarian approach to this question and, based on broadly Rawlsian principles, argues for a ‘political definition’ of disasters that is concerned (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  4.  10
    Recovery From Natural and Man-Made Disasters As Capabilities Restoration and Enhancement.C. Murphy & P. Gardoni - 2008 - International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning 3 (4):1-17.
    In the literature on the recovery of societies from natural disasters, a dominant theme is the importance of pursuing and achieving sustainable recovery. Sustainability implies that recovery efforts should aim to (re-) build, maintain, and, if possible, enhance the quality of life of members of the disaster-stricken community in the short and long term. In this paper, we propose a capabilities-based approach to recovery and argue that it provides important theoretical resources for better realizing this ideal of sustainability in (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  5. Differential Vulnerabilities: Environmental and Economic Inequality and Government Response to Unnatural Disasters.Robert D. Bullard - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):753-784.
    This paper uses an environmental justice framework to examine government response to weather-related disasters dating back some eight decades. It places the 2005 Hurricane Katrina disaster in socio-historical context of past emergencies with an emphasis on race and class dynamics and social vulnerability. Key questions explored include: What went wrong? Can it happen again? Is government equipped to plan for, mitigate against, respond to, and recover from natural and manmade disasters? Can the public trust government response to be (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6.  16
    Tsunami-Tendenkoand Morality in Disasters.Satoshi Kodama - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):361-363.
    Disaster planning challenges our morality. Everyday rules of action may need to be suspended during large-scale disasters in favour of maxims that that may make prudential or practical sense and may even be morally preferable but emotionally hard to accept, such as tsunami-tendenko. This maxim dictates that the individual not stay and help others but run and preserve his or her life instead. Tsunami-tendenko became well known after the great East Japan earthquake on 11 March 2011, when almost all (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  7. Disasters Evermore? Reducing Our Vulnerabilities to Natural, Industrial, and Terrorist Disasters.Charles Perrow - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):733-752.
    Natural and industrial disasters are increasing in the U.S., and the terrorist threat is still with us. Our response has been proximate — remediation and protection B rather than basic B reducing our vulnerabilities. Reducing vulnerabilities will involve the deconcentration of hazardous materials, of population density in vulnerable areas, and of private centers of economic and political power. The objection that deconcentration will entail economic inefficiencies is addressed by examining four systems that are very large, highly efficient, robust, radically (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  8. Disasters and Health: Distress, Disorders, and Disaster Behaviors in Communities, Neighborhoods, and Nations.Robert J. Ursano, Carol S. Fullerton & Artin Terhakopian - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):1015-1028.
    Disasters overwhelm resources and threaten the safety and functioning of communities. Mental health and community needs after catastrophic disasters can be substantial, however the effects of traumatic events are not exclusively bad with many people showing individual resilience and some reporting growth. Sustaining the social fabric of the community and facilitating recovery following disaster depends on leadership=s knowledge of a community=s resilience and vulnerabilities as well as an understanding of the distress, disorder, and health risk behavioral responses. A (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  9. Cognition and Natural Disasters: Stimulating an Environmental Historical Debate.Niki Pfeifer - forthcoming - In E. Vaz, A. Melo & C. J. de Melo (eds.), Proceedings of the Second World Congress of Environmental History. Environmental History in the Making. Springer.
    Modern cognitive and clinical psychology offer insight into how people deal with natural disasters. In my methodological paper, I make a strong case for incorporating experimental findings and theoretical concepts of modern psychology into environmental historical disaster research. I show how psychological factors may influence the production and interpretation of historical sources with respect to perceptions of and responses to disasters. While previous psychological approaches to history mostly involve psychoanalysis, I focus on empirical psychology. Specifically, I review a (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  10. The Moral Responsibility of Corporate Executives for Disasters.John D. Bishop - 1991 - Journal of Business Ethics 10 (5):377 - 383.
    This paper examines whether or not senior corporate executives are morally responsible for disasters which result from corporate activities. The discussion is limited to the case in which the information needed to prevent the disaster is present within the corporation, but fails to reach senior executives. The failure of information to reach executives is usually a result of negative information blockage, a phenomenon caused by the differing roles of constraints and goals within corporations. Executives should be held professionally responsible (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  11. Fear, Denial, and Sensible Action in the Face of Disasters.Elliot Aronson - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):855-872.
    How can we use our knowledge of how the mind works to help people act in ways that can prevent disaster, prepare for it, or at the very least, help them respond to a disaster in ways that will reduce its impact? This paper suggests that the most effective method for helping the public deal with disaster, and preventing denial, is to provide them with a concrete, doable, and effective strategy. A number of examples are discussed, including government warnings about (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  12.  35
    Corporate Executives: Disasters and Moral Responsibility. [REVIEW]Robert Larmer - 1996 - Journal of Business Ethics 15 (7):785 - 788.
    In his article The Moral Responsibility of Corporate Executives for Disasters, John Bishop has argued that we are justified on moral considerations for holding corporate executives responsible for disasters resulting from corporate activities, even in circumstances where they could not reasonably have been expected to possess the information necessary to avert these disasters. I argue that he is mistaken in this claim.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  13.  22
    Rousseau's Contributions to the Understanding of Contemporary Socioenvironmental Disasters.Evaldo Becker & Michele Amorim Becker - 2014 - Trans/Form/Ação 37 (2):111-126.
    Nosso objetivo no presente artigo é contextualizar as críticas de Rousseau àquilo que posteriormente será designado como ética socioambiental, a partir da qual se analisam as relações dos homens com o meio ambiente e como estas são determinadas e também determinantes de suas ações ético-políticas. Pretende-se ainda verificar em que medida o pensamento de Rousseau pode contribuir para o entendimento dos desastres socioambientais, na atualidade. This paper aims at contextualizing Rousseau's critiques of what would later be called the socio-environmental ethics, (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  14.  59
    Evolution, Neuroscience, and Prosocial Behavior in Disasters.John Protevi - unknown
    Sociologists have known for some time of the widespread incidence of prosocial behavior in the aftermath of disasters (research summarized in Rodriguez, Trainor, and Quarantelli 2006). They have also criticized the role of media in spreading “disaster myths” which include the idea of widespread anti-social behavior (Tierney, Bevc, and Kuligowski 2006). In this essay I will investigate the evolutionary theory and neuroscience needed to account for such prosocial behavior, as well as to discuss the political entailments and consequence of (...)
    Direct download  
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  20
    Places That Disasters Leave Behind.B. Janz - manuscript
    In 2004 Orlando Florida was hit with an almost unprecedented series of storms and hurricanes. Within two months, Hurricanes Charley, Frances, and Jeanne hit, and Hurricane Ivan made a near miss. Billions of dollars of damage resulted from these disasters, and several dozen lives were lost. It is tempting, in the case of extreme events, to either regard them as having no need of interpretation (that is, as simply given, material events shared by everyone), or as a kind of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  16.  1
    Ethical Considerations of Triage Following Natural Disasters: The IDF Experience in Haiti as a Case Study.Efrat Ram-Tiktin - 2017 - Bioethics 31 (4):467-475.
    Natural disasters in populated areas may result in massive casualties and extensive destruction of infrastructure. Humanitarian aid delegations may have to cope with the complicated issue of patient prioritization under conditions of severe resource scarcity. A triage model, consisting of five principles, is proposed for the prioritization of patients, and it is argued that rational and reasonable agents would agree upon them. The Israel Defense Force's humanitarian mission to Haiti following the 2010 earthquake serves as a case study for (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  17.  3
    Aging and Disasters: Facing Natural and Other Disasters.Bryan Kibbe - 2011 - In Ethics, Aging, and Society: The Critical Turn. Springer Publishing. pp. 255-279.
    “Aging and Disasters,” is an effort to tell a consistent and compelling story about the elderly amidst catastrophic disaster, and to then develop an ethical analysis and practical strategy for addressing the unique situation of the elderly. In the first portion of the chapter I make the case that the elderly are routinely overlooked amidst catastrophic disasters, and thereby often suffer disproportionately relative to the general population. More than being just a vulnerable population of people, the elderly are (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  18.  1
    Rethinking Media Events in the Context of a Global Public Sphere: Exploring the Audience of Global Disasters in Greece.Maria Kyriakidou - 2008 - Communications - the European Journal of Communication Research 33 (3):273-291.
    Current accounts on globalization and transnational media flows have reformed traditional debates on media events and have raised questions on the integrative potential of media events at a global level. This article addresses this issue by employing the case of global disasters as media events and exploring some of the characteristics of the global public sphere surrounding them in one of its particular actualizations: that of the Greek audience. The article is empirically grounded on focus group discussions through which (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  1
    Liberty, Policy, and Natural Disasters.Aeon J. Skoble - 2000 - Journal des Economistes Et des Etudes Humaines 10 (4).
    Le rôle de l’Etat face aux catastrophes naturelles est examiné en fonction des critères d’ efficacité et de liberté. Les bureaucraties d’assistance face aux désastres ont des points communs, mais aussi d’importantes différences, avec celles de la santé publique. Certains programmes gouvernementaux faits pour assister les victimes de catastrophes naturelles ont des effets pervers en créant plus de souffrance, et d’autres entretiennent activement les comportements irresponsables. Le rôle de l’Etat en tant que coordinateur des efforts d’assistance est justifié, mais il (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  3
    Bedside Resource Stewardship in Disasters: A Provider's Dilemma Practicing in an Ethical Gap.M. Daniel - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):331-335.
    During disasters, clinicians may be forced to play dual roles, as both a provider and an allocator of scarce resources. At present, a clear framework to govern resource stewardship at the bedside is lacking. Clinicians who find themselves practicing in this ethical gap between clinical and public health ethics can experience significant moral distress. One provider describes her experience allocating an oxygen tank in the intensive care unit at a hospital in Port-au-Prince, Haiti, immediately following the 2010 earthquake. Using (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  2
    Press Freedom, Oil Exports, and Risk for Natural Disasters: A Challenge for Climato-Economic Theory?Joana Arantes, Randolph C. Grace & Simon Kemp - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):483-483.
    Does the interaction between climactic demands, monetary resources, and freedom suggest a more general relationship between the environmental challenges that human societies face and their resources to meet those challenges? Using data on press freedom (Van de Vliert 2011a), we found no evidence of a similar interaction with natural resources (as measured by oil exports) or risk for natural disasters.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22.  3
    Ethical Issues in Secondary Uses of Human Biological Materials From Mass Disasters.Bartha Maria Knoppers, Madelaine Saginur & Howard Cash - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine & Ethics 34 (2):352-365.
    This paper addresses the ethical issues of secondary uses of samples collected for identification purposes following mass disasters. It studies norms governing secondary use of samples , ultimately concluding that limited secondary research uses of these samples should be permissible.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  23.  4
    [Book Review] Disasters and Dilemmas, Strategies for Real-Life Decision Making. [REVIEW]Adam Morton - 1993 - Ethics 103 (2):382-385.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   32 citations  
  24.  17
    The Volcanic Asymmetry or the Question of Permanent Sovereignty Over Natural Disasters.Alejandra Mancilla - 2015 - Journal of Political Philosophy 23 (1):192-212.
    Why do we assign to countries rights to all the positive utilities from their natural resources, but hold them under no duty to bear costs for the negative utilities generated by those resources for those beyond their borders? In this paper I suggest that this ‘volcanic asymmetry’ has been overlooked by statist and cosmopolitan theories and that, despite of the arguments that might be given on its behalf, keeping this asymmetry requires further normative justification. I present two ways of getting (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  25. ""Introduction: What" Really" Happens When Disasters Happen: Preparations and Responses.Joel Towers - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):815-818.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  26. Introduction: What We Talk About When We Talk About Disasters.Jonathan Veitch - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):653-658.
    No categories
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  27.  3
    Disasters and Dilemmas.Ross Harrison & Adam Morton - 1993 - Philosophical Quarterly 43 (171):270.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   6 citations  
  28. Seeing It Coming: A Complexity Approach to Disasters and Humanitarian Crises.Claudio Cioffi-Revilla - 2014 - Complexity 19 (6):95-108.
  29.  84
    Book Review: Creation Untamed: The Bible, God, and Natural Disasters[REVIEW]Dennis Olson - 2011 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 65 (4):421-421.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  30. Population Vulnerabilities, Preconditions, and the Consequences of Disasters.Irwin Redlener - 2008 - Social Research: An International Quarterly 75 (3):785-792.
    In every corner of the globe, natural hazards are ubiquitous and varied from every perspective. Atmospheric and weather conditions, geological movements and other recurrent disturbances would occur with or without the existence of humans on the planet. It is when these natural events cause catastrophic consequences for human populations that they become what we call Adisasters.@ The extent to which people are at risk under disaster conditions, irrespective of etiology, is dependent upon many factors, not the least of which is (...)
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  31.  7
    Great Planting Disasters: Pitfalls in Technical Assistance in Forestry. [REVIEW]Louise Fortmann - 1988 - Agriculture and Human Values 5 (1-2):49-60.
    Social forestry, in contrast to traditional forestry, is intended to meet biological/environmental, procedural and equity goals. Social forestry projects may not fulfill this multiplicity of goals either because priority is given to a single goal or because various factors including the structure and norms of implementing institutions and the distribution of local power overwhelm procedural and distributive intentions. Thus, despite participatory and equitable project designs, social forestry projects may result in the distribution of benefits to the rich and costs to (...)
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  32.  7
    Beyond Hopes and Disasters: The Rejuvenation of Utopia.J. -J. Goux - 2006 - Diogenes 53 (1):95-102.
    Nowadays there is a paradox ruling utopia. The place for the ‘spirit of youth’ in our society, apart from the traditional age groups, ought to mean a strong upswell of utopian projects, since youth is the age for questioning the world as it is, and idealistically rebuilding the future. And yet there is a paralysis of optimistic imagination as to the future. It is the unpredictability of the future, in a world that makes creating the new in every field its (...)
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  33. Beyond Hopes and Disasters: The Rejuvenation of Utopia.Goux Jean-Joseph - 2006 - Diogenes 53 (1):95-102.
  34.  18
    Disasters and Dilemmas: Strategies for Real-Life Decision Making.Christopher W. Morris - 1993 - Philosophical Books 34 (1):49-51.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  35.  1
    The Ebola Clinical Trials: A Precedent for Research Ethics in Disasters.Philippe Calain - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):3-8.
    The West African Ebola epidemic has set in motion a collective endeavour to conduct accelerated clinical trials, testing unproven but potentially lifesaving interventions in the course of a major public health crisis. This unprecedented effort was supported by the recommendations of an ad hoc ethics panel convened in August 2014 by the WHO. By considering why and on what conditions the exceptional circumstances of the Ebola epidemic justified the use of unproven interventions, the panel's recommendations have challenged conventional thinking about (...)
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  17
    Disasters in Topology Without the Axiom of Choice.Kyriakos Keremedis - 2001 - Archive for Mathematical Logic 40 (8):569-580.
    We show that some well known theorems in topology may not be true without the axiom of choice.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  17
    The Disasters of March 11th.James Dwyer, Kenzo Hamano & Hsuan Hui Wei - 2012 - Hastings Center Report 42 (4):11-13.
  38.  15
    Sufficiency of Care in Disasters: Ventilation, Ventilator Triage, and the Misconception of Guideline-Driven Treatment.Griffin Trotter - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):294.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  39.  16
    Disasters, Catastrophes, and Worse.Kenneth Kipnis - 2013 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 22 (3):297-307.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  11
    Family Participation in the Care of Patients in Public Health Disasters.Tia Powell - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):288.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  14
    Psychosocial and Ethical Response to Disasters: A SWOT Analysis of Post-Tsunami Disaster Management in Sri Lanka.Chesmal Siriwardhana, Suwin Hewage, Ruwan Deshabandu, Sisira Siribaddana & Athula Sumathipala - 2012 - Asian Bioethics Review 4 (3):171-182.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  42.  14
    Legal Briefing: Crisis Standards of Care and Legal Protections During Disasters and Emergencies.Thaddeus M. Pope & Mitchell F. Palazzo - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):358-367.
  43.  13
    Everyday Disasters.Joseph J. Fins - 2005 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 14 (2):207-213.
    “That's my dad on the floor.”And there he was unconscious in a pool of blood in the bathroom. A paramedic who had accompanied him to the john was holding him off the ground, the USMC tattoo on his forearm cradling his head. My sister shrieked, and I went down on my knees to see about his airway. “We need a doctor here. Cardiac Team!” Could this really be happening to him? To us? Jesus Christ.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44.  6
    Seth R. Reice. The Silver Lining: The Benefits of Natural Disasters. 213 Pp., Illus., Figs., Tables, Index. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001. [REVIEW]Stephen J. Pyne - 2002 - Isis 93 (2):346-347.
    No categories
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45.  12
    Tsunami-Tendenkoand Morality in Disasters.Atsushi Asai - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (5):365-366.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46.  13
    The Elephant in the Room: Collaboration and Competition Among Relief Organizations During High-Profile Disasters.Italo Subbarao, Matthew K. Wynia & Frederick M. Burkle Jr - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (4):328.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47.  12
    Resource Stewardship in Disasters: Alone at the Bedside.J. T. Berger - 2012 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 23 (4):336-337.
    Discussions about resource allocation commonly invoke concerns of unfair and variable decisions when physicians ration at the bedside. This concern is no less germane in disaster medicine, in which physicians make triage and allocation decisions under duress, and patients and their families may be challenged to self-advocate. Unfortunately, a real-time mechanism to support a process for ethical decision making may not be available to medical relief workers. Yet, resources for ethics decision support can be important for the moral well-being of (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  48.  9
    Conceptualising Phases of Disasters: The Drop Loop Model.Caroline Clarinval & Ayesha Ahmad - 2015 - Asian Bioethics Review 7 (1):81-97.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49.  7
    J. Toner Roman Disasters. Pp. X + 220, Ills. Cambridge and Malden, MA: Polity Press, 2013. Cased, £20. ISBN: 978-0-7456-5102-6. [REVIEW]Lee L. Brice - 2015 - The Classical Review 65 (2):616-617.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50.  15
    Physician Obligation to Provide Care During Disasters: Should Physicians Have Been Required to Go to Fukushima?A. Akabayashi, Y. Takimoto & Y. Hayashi - 2012 - Journal of Medical Ethics 38 (11):697-698.
    On 11 March 2011, Japan experienced a major disaster brought about by a 9.0-magnitude earthquake and a massive tsunami that followed. This disaster caused extensive damage to the Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant with the release of a large amount of radiation, leading to a crisis level 7 on the International Atomic Energy Agency scale. In this report, we discuss the obligations of physicians to provide care during the initial weeks after the disaster. We appeal to the obligation of general (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 319