Results for 'Disorder'

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  1. The Disordered Mind.George Graham - 2021 - New York: Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group.
    The Disordered Mind, Third Edition is a wide-ranging introduction to the philosophy of mental disorder or illness. It examines and explains, from a philosophical standpoint, what mental disorder is: its reality, causes, consequences, compassionate treatment, and more. Revised and updated throughout, the third edition includes enhanced discussions of the distinction between mental health and illness, selfhood and delusions about the self, impairments of basic psychological capacities in mental disorder and the distinct roles that mental causation and neural (...)
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  2. Emotional Disorder and Attention.Kent Bach - 1993 - In George Graham (ed.), Philosophical Psychopathology. Cambridge: MIT Press.
    Some would say that philosophy can contribute more to the occurrence of mental disorder than to the study of it. Thinking too much does have its risks, but so do willful ignorance and selective inattention. Well, what can philosophy contribute? It is not equipped to enumerate the symptoms and varieties of disorder or to identify their diverse causes, much less offer cures (maybe it can do that-personal philosophical therapy is now available in the Netherlands). On the other hand, (...)
     
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  3. Ontologies, Disorders and Prototypes.Cristina Amoretti, Marcello Frixione, Antonio Lieto & Greta Adamo - 2016 - In Proceedings of IACAP 2016.
    As it emerged from philosophical analyses and cognitive research, most concepts exhibit typicality effects, and resist to the efforts of defining them in terms of necessary and sufficient conditions. This holds also in the case of many medical concepts. This is a problem for the design of computer science ontologies, since knowledge representation formalisms commonly adopted in this field (such as, in the first place, the Web Ontology Language - OWL) do not allow for the representation of concepts in terms (...)
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  4. The Disorder Status of Psychopathy.Luca Malatesti & Elvio Baccarini - 2022 - In Luca Malatesti, John McMillan & Marko Jurjako (eds.), Psychopathy: Its Uses, Validity and Status. Cham: Springer. pp. 291-309.
    In this chapter, we investigate whether psychopathy is a mental disorder. We argue that addressing this question requires engaging, at least, with three principal issues that have conceptual, empirical, and normative dimensions. First, it must be established whether current measures of psychopathy individuate a unitary class of individuals. By this we mean that persons classifed as psychopaths should share some relevant similarities that support explanation, prediction, and treatment. Second, it must be proven that psychopathy harms the person who has (...)
     
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  5. Disordered, Disabled, Disregarded, Dismissed: The Moral Costs of Exemptions From Accountability.David Shoemaker - forthcoming - In Matt King & Joshua May (eds.), Agency in Mental Disorder: Philosophical Dimensions. Oxford University Press.
    According to a popular line of thought, being excluded from interpersonal life is to be exempted from accountability, and vice versa. In ordinary life, this is most often illustrated by the treatment of people with serious psychological disorders. When people are excluded from valuable domains on the basis of their arbitrary characteristics (such as race and sex), they are discriminated against, prevented from receiving the benefits of participation in those domains for morally irrelevant reasons. Exemption from accountability—via exclusion from the (...)
     
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  6. Autonomy, Enactivism, and Mental Disorder: A Philosophical Account.Michelle Maiese - 2022 - New York, NY: Routledge.
    This book brings together insights from the enactivist approach in philosophy of mind and existing work on autonomous agency from both philosophy of action and feminist philosophy. It then utilizes this proposed account of autonomous agency to make sense of the impairments in agency that commonly occur in cases of dissociative identity disorder, mood disorders, and psychopathy. While much of the existing philosophical work on autonomy focuses on threats that come from outside the agent, this book addresses how inner (...)
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  7. The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness.George Graham - 2010 - Routledge.
    _The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness, second edition_ examines and explains, from a philosophical standpoint, what mental disorder is: its reality, causes, consequences, and more. It is also an outstanding introduction to philosophy of mind from the perspective of mental disorder. Revised and updated throughout, this _second edition_ includes new discussions of grief and psychopathy, the problems of the psychophysical basis of disorder, the nature of selfhood, and clarification of the relation (...)
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  8. Disorder: expressions of an amorphous phenomenon in human history: essays in honour of Gert Melville.Gert Melville, Jörg Sonntag & Mirko Breitenstein (eds.) - 2020 - Münster: Aschendorff Verlag.
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  9. Eating Disorders: The Ethics of Media Reporting.Noelle Graham - 2010 - Bioethics Research Notes 22 (2):25.
    Graham, Noelle Comparisons are drawn between media reporting of eating disorders and other.forms of self-harm. Proper understanding of these illnesses can protect sufferers from further harm caused by inaccurate and insensitive reporting.
     
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  10.  3
    Global Disorder: America and the Threat of World Conflict.Robert Harvey - 2003 - Carroll & Graf.
    In 1990, when the Berlin Wall fell and the Cold War ended, economic and political analysts declared the world a safer place. But not political journalist Robert Harvey. The roar of international optimism only intensified the pangs of his geopolitical anxiety. In 1995, in The Return of the Strong, he warned Western democracies that the tides of economic globalization were sweeping the world toward a new crisis. Unfortunately, the attack on the World Trade Center in New York City on September (...)
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  11.  7
    Neurodevelopmental Disorders Across the Lifespan: A Neuroconstructivist Approach.Emily K. Farran & Annette Karmiloff-Smith (eds.) - 2011 - Oxford University Press.
    This book is unique in presenting evidence on development across the lifespan across multiple levels of description. The authors use a well-defined disorder - Williams syndrome, to explore the impact of genes, brain development, behaviour, as well as the individual's environment on development.
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  12. Developmental Disorders: Diagnostic Criteria and Clinical Assessment.Stephen R. Hooper, George W. Hynd & Richard E. Mattison (eds.) - 1991 - Psychology Press.
    These two companion volumes provide a comprehensive review and critical evaluation of the major DSM-III and DSM-III-R child disorders. Their major goal is to provide diagnostic and assessment guidelines that are based on scientific literature in specific clinical domains. Each chapter contains a discussion of the historical background of a particular diagnosis, definitional issues, a critical but selective review of the literature addressing the diagnosis in question, proposed changes in the diagnostic criteria based on the available literature, and proposed assessment (...)
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  13.  6
    Disorders of Volition.Natalie Sebanz & Wolfgang Prinz (eds.) - 2009 - Bradford Books.
    Philosophers, psychologists, neuroscientists, and psychiatrists examine the will and its pathologies from theoretical and empirical perspectives, offering a conceptual overview and discussing schizophrenia, depression, prefrontal lobe damage, and substance abuse as disorders of volition. Science tries to understand human action from two perspectives, the cognitive and the volitional. The volitional approach, in contrast to the more dominant "outside-in" studies of cognition, looks at actions from the inside out, examining how actions are formed and informed by internal conditions. In Disorders of (...)
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  14.  98
    Personality Disorders: Moral or Medical Kinds—Or Both?Peter Zachar & Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2010 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 17 (2):101-117.
    This article critically examines Louis Charland’s claim that personality disorders are moral rather than medical kinds by exploring the relationship between personality disorders and virtue ethics. We propose that the conceptual resources of virtue theory can inform psychiatry’s thinking about personality disorders, but also that virtue theory as understood by Aristotle cannot be reduced to the narrow domain of ‘the moral’ in the modern sense of the term. Some overlap between the moral domain’s notion of character-based ethics and the medical (...)
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  15. Developmental Disorders and Cognitive Architecture.Edouard Machery - 2011 - In Pieter R. Adriaens & Andreas de Block (eds.), Maladapting Minds: Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory. Oxford University Press.
    For the last thirty years, cognitive scientists have attempted to describe the cognitive architecture of typically developing human beings, using, among other sources of evidence, the dissociations that result from developmental psychopathologies such as autism spectrum disorders, Williams syndrome, and Down syndrome. Thus, in his recent defense of the massive modularity hypothesis, Steven Pinker insists on the importance of such dissociations to identify the components of the typical cognitive architecture (2005, 4; my emphasis): This kind of faculty psychology has numerous (...)
     
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  16. Mental Disorders and the "System of Judgmental Responsibility".Anita Allen - 2010 - Boston University Law Review 90:621-640.
    Thesis: Those affected by mental disorders whose actions are episodically influenced by their disorder are often overlooked by philosophers of moral and ethical responsibility. Allen gives us reasons for thinking it is inappropriate to either: a) “summarily exclude people with mental problems out of the universe of moral agents, reducing them to the status of rocks, trees, animals, and infants” b) “include the group on the false assumption that their moral lives are precisely like the paradigmatic moral lives of (...)
     
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  17. Mental Disorder, Diagnosis, Treatment and Ethics.Piers Allott - 2009 - Journal of Ethics in Mental Health 1 (1):8.
    This short contribution questions the ethics of basing the way we think and act in relation to mental disorder on beliefs and assumptions that are in the view of the author at best, unhelpful and at worst, simply incorrect.
     
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  18.  26
    Memory Disorders in Psychiatric Practice.G. Berrios & J. Hodges (eds.) - 2000 - Cambridge University Press.
    Throwing new light on established conditions and introducing two new syndromes, this book is a major contribution to the clinical management of memory disorders ...
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  19.  2
    Personality Disorders and States of Aloneness.John G. McGraw (ed.) - 2012 - Rodopi.
    This book is the second volume of an interdisciplinary study, chiefly one of philosophy and psychology, which concerns personality, especially the abnormal in terms of states of aloneness, primarily that of the negative emotional isolation customarily known as loneliness. Other states of aloneness investigated include solitude, reclusiveness, seclusion, desolation, isolation, and what the author terms “aloneliness,” “alonism,” “lonism,” and “lonerism.”Insofar as this study most explicitly focuses on abnormal personalities, it employs the general and specific definitions of personality aberrations as formulated (...)
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  20.  40
    Eating Disorders.Rida Usman Khalafzai - 2009 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 15 (1):5.
    Khalafzai, Rida Usman The prevalence of eating disorders is increasing. This article provides an overview of these disorders and explores the biological and social conditions that influence their development.
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  21. Mental Disorders Involve Limits on Control, Not Extreme Preferences.Chandra Sripada - forthcoming - In Matt King & Joshua May (eds.), Agency in Mental Disorder: Philosophical Dimensions. Oxford University Press.
    According to a standard picture of agency, a person’s actions always reflect what they most desire, and many theorists extend this model to mental illness. In this chapter, I pin down exactly where this “volitional” view goes wrong. The key is to recognize that human motivational architecture involves a regulatory control structure: we have both spontaneous states (e.g., automatically-elicited thoughts and action tendencies, etc.) as well as regulatory mechanisms that allow us to suppress or modulate these spontaneous states. Our regulatory (...)
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  22. Mental Disorder, Illness and Biological Disfunction.David Papineau - 1994 - Philosophy 37:73-82.
    I shall begin with the "anti-psychiatry" view that the lack of a physical basis excludes many familiar mental disorders from the category of "illness". My response to this argument will be that anti-psychiatrists are probably right to hold that most mental disorders do not involve any physical disorder, but that they are wrong to conclude from this that these mental disorders are not illnesses.
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  23. Language Disorders.Yosef Grodzinsky - 2003 - In L. Nadel (ed.), Encyclopedia of Cognitive Science. Nature Publishing Group.
     
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  24.  8
    Bipolar Disorder in Children and Adolescents.Gabrielle A. Carlson - 2008 - A Critical Review. In: Shaffer D, Waslick Bd, Editors. The Many Faces of Depression in Children and Adolescents. Review of Psychiatry 21:105-28.
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  25. Psychiatric Disorder: Frequency and Mechanisms in Understanding Violence.Tine Burke - 2009 - In Annie Bartlett & Gillian McGauley (eds.), Forensic Mental Health: Concepts, Systems, and Practice. Oxford University Press.
     
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  26.  3
    Mental Disorder and Human Rights.Joan Busfield - 2006 - In Lydia Morris (ed.), Rights: Sociological Perspectives. Routledge. pp. 209.
  27. Memory Disorders in Neurological Disease.R. Angelergues - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 3--268.
     
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  28. Disorders of Consciousness in Psychiatry.H. Ey - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 3--112.
     
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  29.  59
    Disordered Faculties: Joseph Raz on Euthanasia Versus on the Amoralist.Terence Rajivan Edward - manuscript
    I argue that Joseph Raz’s paper on euthanasia faces a problem of coherence with Joseph Raz’s paper addressing the question of “Why should I be moral?”.
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  30. Disorders of Perception and Awareness.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press.
     
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  31.  3
    Disorders Of.Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 143.
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  32.  26
    Formal Thought Disorder and Logical Form: A Symbolic Computational Model of Terminological Knowledge.Luis M. Augusto & Farshad Badie - 2022 - Journal of Knowledge Structures and Systems 3 (4):1-37.
    Although formal thought disorder (FTD) has been for long a clinical label in the assessment of some psychiatric disorders, in particular of schizophrenia, it remains a source of controversy, mostly because it is hard to say what exactly the “formal” in FTD refers to. We see anomalous processing of terminological knowledge, a core construct of human knowledge in general, behind FTD symptoms and we approach this anomaly from a strictly formal perspective. More specifically, we present here a symbolic computational (...)
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  33. Developmental Disorders of Speech.T. T. S. Ingram - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 4--407.
     
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  34.  10
    Disorders of Face Perception.Andrew W. Young - 2011 - In Andy Calder, Gillian Rhodes, Mark Johnson & Jim Haxby (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Face Perception. Oxford University Press. pp. 77--91.
    This article gives an overview of what we can learn about face perception from studying its disorders. The term “disorders” is broadly interpreted to include acquired brain injury and disease, neurodevelopmental differences, and neuropsychiatric problems. The article examines the reasons for various opinions about what can be learnt from disorders, ranging from the entire spectrum from “nothing that isn't misleading” to “everything worth knowing.” Cognitive neuropsychology typically operates in a unique way, in which the emphasis is on detailed analysis of (...)
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  35.  8
    Mental Disorder, Methodology, and Meaning.Peter Zachar - 2017 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 24 (1):45-48.
    In this brief commentary, I would like to discuss two reservations I have about the article by Bergner and Bunford. Before doing so let me make some preliminary remarks.Their hypothesis that the concept of disability unites the various mental disorder constructs that have been proposed over the centuries and across cultures is reasonable and accords well with common sense. The concept of disability does a lot of good work in helping us to understand mental disorders.With respect to the authors’ (...)
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  36.  46
    Extending Disorder: Essentialism, Family Resemblance and Secondary Sense. [REVIEW]Neil Pickering - 2013 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 16 (2):185-195.
    It is commonly thought that mental disorder is a valid concept only in so far as it is an extension of or continuous with the concept of physical disorder. A valid extension has to meet two criteria: determination and coherence. Essentialists meet these criteria through necessary and sufficient conditions for being a disorder. Two Wittgensteinian alternatives to essentialism are considered and assessed against the two criteria. These are the family resemblance approach and the secondary sense approach. Where (...)
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  37.  5
    Disorders of Skilled Movements.Kenneth M. Heilman, Robert T. Watson & Leslie J. Gonzalez Rothi - 2000 - In Martha J. Farah & Todd E. Feinberg (eds.), Patient-Based Approaches to Cognitive Neuroscience. MIT Press. pp. 335.
  38. Disorders of Written Language Following Right Hemisphere Lesions: Spatial Dysgraphia.Henry Hecaen & P. Marcie - 1974 - In S. J. Dimond & J. Graham Beaumont (eds.), Hemisphere Function in the Human Brain. Elek. pp. 345--366.
  39.  5
    Disorders of Self: Myths, Metaphors, and the Demand Characteristics of Treatment.Martin T. Orne & Nancy K. Bauer-Manley - 1991 - In J. Strauss (ed.), The Self: Interdisciplinary Approaches. Springer Verlag. pp. 93--106.
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  40. Disorders of Spatial Orientation and Awareness: Unilateral Neglect.Anne Aimola Davies - 2004 - In Jennie Ponsford (ed.), Cognitive and Behavioral Rehabilitation: From Neurobiology to Clinical Practice. Guilford Press. pp. 175-223.
     
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  41. Disorderly Politics: Reading Xviih the Grain.Bill Schwarz - 2007 - In Brian Meeks & Stuart Hall (eds.), Culture, Politics, Race and Diaspora: The Thought of Stuart Hall. Lawrence & Wishart. pp. 45.
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  42.  21
    Genetic Disorders and Developmental Interactions Across Cognitive Domains.Gaia Scerif & Annette Karmiloff-Smith - 2005 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 9 (3):126-135.
  43. Chaos, Disorder, and Mixing: A New Fin-de-Siècle Image of Science.Amy Dahan Dalmedico - 2004 - In M. Norton Wise (ed.), Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science. Duke University Press.
     
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  44.  13
    Borderline Disorder: Medical Personnel and Law Enforcement.Dien Ho, Kenneth Richman & Mark Bigney - 2014 - The Hasting Center: Bioethics Forum Essay.
  45. Global Disorders of Consciousness.Nicholas D. Schiff - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 589--604.
  46. Chaos, Disorder, and Mixing: A New 'Fin-de-Siècle'.Amy Dahan Dalmedico - 2004 - In M. Norton Wise (ed.), Growing Explanations: Historical Perspectives on Recent Science. Duke University Press.
     
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  47.  22
    Communication Disorders, Interpersonal Conflicts and Sexual Dysfunctions.Marciante Nunzia - 2016 - Latest Issue of Pragmatics Cognition 23 (3):501-504.
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  48.  13
    Disorders of the Self in Dementia.William W. Seeley & Bruce L. Miller - 2005 - In Todd E. Feinberg & Julian Paul Keenan (eds.), The Lost Self: Pathologies of the Brain and Identity. Oxford University Press. pp. 147--165.
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  49.  85
    The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind And.Terence Cuneo - 2012 - Mind 121 (483):484.
  50. Disorders of Higher Nervous Activity: Introductory Remarks.M. Critchley - 1969 - In P. Vinken & G. Bruyn (eds.), Handbook of Clinical Neurology. North Holland. pp. 3--1.
     
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