Results for 'Disorder personality'

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  1. Is Borderline Personality Disorder a Moral or Clinical Condition? Assessing Charland's Argument From Treatment.Greg Horne - 2014 - Neuroethics 7 (2):215-226.
    Louis Charland has argued that the Cluster B personality disorders, including borderline personality disorder, are primarily moral rather than clinical conditions. Part of his argument stems from reflections on effective treatment of borderline personality disorder. In the argument from treatment, he claims that successful treatment of all Cluster B personality disorders requires a positive change in a patient’s moral character. Based on this claim, he concludes (1) that these disorders are, at root, deficits in (...)
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  2.  72
    What Is Personality Disorder?Hanna Pickard - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):181-184.
    The DSM-IV-TR (American Psychiatric Association 1994, 689) defines personality disorder (PD) as: An enduring pattern of experience and behavior that deviates markedly from the expectations of an individual’s culture. This pattern is manifested in two (or more) of the following areas: 1 Cognition (i.e., ways of perceiving and interpreting self, other people, and events); 2 Affectivity (i.e., the range, intensity, lability, and appropriateness of emotional response); 3 Interpersonal functioning; and 4 Impulse control. B The enduring ..
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  3.  94
    Fuzzy Fault Lines: Selves in Multiple Personality Disorder.George Graham - 1999 - Philosophical Explorations 2 (3):159-174.
    This paper outlines a multidimensional conception of Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD) that differs from the 'orthodox' conception in terms of the content of its commitment to the reality of the self. Unlike the orthodox conception it recognizes that selves are fuzzy entities. By appreciating the possibility that selves are fuzzy entities, it is possible to rebut a form of fictionalism about the self which appeals to clinical data from MPD. Realism about self can be preserved in the face (...)
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  4.  52
    Ontological Insecurity: A Guiding Framework for Borderline Personality Disorder.Tina Pietsch, John Wilson & Matthew McDonald - 2010 - Journal of Phenomenological Psychology 41 (1):85-105.
    The purpose of this inquiry is to explore the experience of Borderline Personality Disorder with the aim of developing a more liberating approach to its diagnosis and treatment. Eight participants diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder were recruited from a psychiatric hospital operated by the Surrey and Borders NHS Trust and an outpatient daycentre based in London, United Kingdom. A narrative approach to methodology was employed to collect and analyse the participants’ life-stories. Themes to emerge from the (...)
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  5. What is Borderline Personality Disorder?John-Michael Kuczynski - 2018 - Madison, WI, USA: Freud Institute.
    It is concisely explained what Borderline Personality Disorder is and how it differs from psychopathy.
     
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  6.  93
    A Discursive Account of Multiple Personality Disorder.Grant R. Gillett - 1997 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 4 (3):213-22.
  7.  71
    Self and Identity in Borderline Personality Disorder: Agency and Mental Time Travel.Natalie Gold & Michalis Kyratsous - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):1020-1028.
  8.  12
    Dangerous and Severe Personality Disorder: An Ethical Concept?Sally Glen - 2005 - Nursing Philosophy 6 (2):98-105.
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  9.  15
    An Evaluation of a Managed Clinical Network for Personality Disorder: Breaking New Ground or Top Dressing?Elaine Hogard & Roger Ellis - 2010 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 16 (6):1147-1156.
  10. Personal Identity, Multiple Personality Disorder, and Moral Personhood.Steve Matthews - 1998 - Philosophical Psychology 11 (1):67-88.
    Marya Schechtman argues that psychological continuity accounts of personal identity, as represented by Derek Parfit's account, fail to escape the circularity objection. She claims that Parfit's deployment of quasi-memory (and other quasi-psychological) states to escape circularity implicitly commit us to an implausible view of human psychology. Schechtman suggests that what is lacking here is a coherence condition, and that this is something essential in any account of personal identity. In response to this I argue first that circularity may be escaped (...)
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  11.  21
    Narrative Self-Appropriation: Embodiment, Alienness, and Personal Responsibility in the Context of Borderline Personality Disorder.Allan Køster - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (6):465-482.
    It is often emphasised that persons diagnosed with borderline personality disorder show difficulties in understanding their own psychological states. In this article, I argue that from a phenomenological perspective, BPD can be understood as an existential modality in which the embodied self is profoundly saturated by an alienness regarding the person’s own affects and responses. However, the balance of familiarity and alienness is not static, but can be cultivated through, e.g., psychotherapy. Following this line of thought, I present (...)
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  12.  21
    Personality Disorder and Competence to Refuse Treatment.E. Winburn & R. Mullen - 2008 - Journal of Medical Ethics 34 (10):715-716.
    The traditional view that having a personality disorder, unlike other mental disorders, is not usually reason enough to consider a person incompetent to make healthcare decisions is challenged. The example of a case in which a woman was treated for a physical disorder without her consent illustrates that personality disorder can render a person incompetent to refuse essential treatment, particularly because it can affect the doctor–patient relationship within which consent is given.
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  13.  39
    NICE Guidelines, Clinical Practice and Antisocial Personality Disorder: The Ethical Implications of Ontological Uncertainty.M. D. Pickersgill - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (11):668-671.
    The British National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence (NICE) has recently (28 January 2009) released new guidelines for the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of the psychiatric category antisocial personality disorder (ASPD). Evident in these recommendations is a broader ambiguity regarding the ontology of ASPD. Although, perhaps, a mundane feature of much of medicine, in this case, ontological uncertainty has significant ethical implications as a product of the profound consequences for an individual categorised with this disorder. This (...)
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  14.  31
    Proposition: A Personality Disorder May Nullify Responsibility for a Criminal Act.Robert Kinscherff - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):745-759.
    This article argues in support of the proposition that “A Personality Disorder May Nullify Responsibility for a Criminal Act.” Building upon research in categorical and dimensional controversies in diagnosis, neurocognitive science and the behavioral genetics of mental disorders, and difficulties in differential diagnosis and co-morbidity with personality disorders, this article holds that a per se rule barring personality diagnosis as a basis for a defense of legal insanity is scientifically and conceptually indefensible. Rather, focus should be (...)
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  15. Psychotherapy for Borderline Personality Disorder: Mentalization Based Treatment.Anthony Bateman & Peter Fonagy - 2004 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Borderline Personality disorder is a severe personality dysfunction characterized by behavioural features such as impulsivity, identity disturbance, suicidal behaviour, emptiness, and intense and unstable relationships. Approximately 2% of the population are thought to meet the criteria for BPD. The authors of this volume - Anthony Bateman and Peter Fonagy - have developed a psychoanalytically oriented treatment to BPD known as mentalization treatment. With randomised controlled trials having shown this method to be effective, this book presents the first (...)
     
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  16. Mentalization-Based Treatment for Borderline Personality Disorder: A Practical Guide.Anthony Bateman & Peter Fonagy - 2007 - Oxford University Press UK.
    Mentalizing - the ability to understand oneself and others by inferring the mental states that lie behind overt behavior - develops during childhood within the context of a secure attachment relationship. It is crucial to self-regulation and constructive, intimate relationships. Failure to retain mentalizing, particularly in the midst of emotional interactions, is a core problem in borderline personality disorder and results in severe emotional fluctuations, impulsivity, and vulnerability to interpersonal and social interactions. Mentalization-based treatment for borderline personality (...)
     
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  17.  23
    Personality Disorder” and Capacity to Make Treatment Decisions.G. Szmukler - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (10):647-650.
    Whether treatment decision-making capacity can be meaningfully applied to patients with a diagnosis of “personality disorder” is examined. Patients presenting to a psychiatric emergency clinic with threats of self-harm are considered, two having been assessed and reviewed in detail. It was found that capacity can be meaningfully assessed in such patients, although the process is more complex than in patients with diagnoses of a more conventional kind. The process of assessing capacity in such patients is very time-consuming and (...)
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  18.  61
    Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication?Richard J. Bonnie - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):760-763.
    The determinative issue in applying the insanity defense is whether the defendant experienced a legally relevant functional impairment at the time of the offense. Categorical exclusion of personality disorders from the definition of mental disease is clinically and morally arbitrary because it may lead to unfair conviction of a defendant with a personality disorder who actually experienced severe, legally relevant impairments at the time of the crime. There is no need to consider such a drastic approach in (...)
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  19.  14
    Identity-Related Autobiographical Memories and Cultural Life Scripts in Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder.Carsten René Jørgensen, Dorthe Berntsen, Morten Bech, Morten Kjølbye, Birgit E. Bennedsen & Stine B. Ramsgaard - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (2):788-798.
    Disturbed identity is one of the defining characteristics of Borderline Personality Disorder manifested in a broad spectrum of dysfunctions related to the self, including disturbances in meaning-generating self-narratives. Autobiographical memories are memories of personal events that provide crucial building-blocks in our construction of a life-story, self-concept, and a meaning-generating narrative identity. The cultural life script represents culturally shared expectations as to the order and timing of life events in a prototypical life course within a given culture. It is (...)
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  20. Addiction in Context: Philosophical Lessons From a Personality Disorder Clinic.Hanna Pickard & Steve Pearce - 2013 - In . pp. 165-189.
    Popular and neurobiological accounts of addiction tend to treat it as a form of compulsion. This contrasts with personality disorder, where most problematic behaviours are treated as voluntary. But high levels of co-morbidity, overlapping diagnostic traits, and the effectiveness of a range of comparable clinical interventions for addiction and personality disorder suggest that this difference in treatment is unjustified. Drawing on this range of clinical interventions, we argue that addiction is not a form of compulsion. Rather, (...)
     
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  21.  32
    Borderline Personality Disorder, Discrimination, and Survivors of Chronic Childhood Trauma.Andrea Nicki - 2016 - Ijfab: International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 9 (1):218-245.
    Many feminist researchers have been critical of the psychiatric category of borderline personality disorder 1 and have emphasized the gendered nature of the diagnosis. It is estimated that people diagnosed with BPD comprise 1 to 2 percent of the general population in the United States in a given year, and that women represent 75 percent of those diagnosed.2 Critics have argued that the diagnosis reinforces double-binds for women and pathologizes traits associated with both conventional femininity, such as emotionality, (...)
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  22.  86
    Multiple Personality Disorder: A Phenomenological/Postmodern Account.James R. Mensch - manuscript
    A striking feature of post-modernism is its distrust of the subject. If the modern period, beginning with Descartes, sought in the subject a source of certainty, an Archimedian point from which all else could be derived, post- modernism has taken the opposite tack. Rather than taking the self as a foundation, it has seen it as founded, as dependent on the accidents which situate consciousness in the world. The same holds for the unity of the subject. Modernity, in its search (...)
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  23.  55
    The Chasm Within: My Battle With Personality Disorder.Jessica Gray - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):185-190.
    Long before i knew I had a personality disorder, I simply knew that my life felt unbearably difficult to live. For me, life has always been an uphill struggle, and at times I have just let myself tumble down the hill I have strived so hard to climb. Fortunately, I now understand how to keep going, and even to avoid falling down in the first place, but this learning process has taken the entire twenty-eight years of my life, (...)
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  24.  52
    Personality Disorder and the Law: Some Awkward Questions.Jill Peay - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):231-244.
    All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood. (Article 1, Universal Declaration of Human Rights 1948) This resounding statement encapsulates a number of problematic themes for lawyers with respect to personality disorder, and acutely so for the extremes of personality disorder embraced by designations such as psychopathy or dangerous and severe personality disorder (...)
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  25.  51
    Responsibility in Cases of Multiple Personality Disorder.Walter Sinnott-Armstrong & Stephen Behnke - 2000 - Noûs 34 (s14):301-323.
    Multiple Personality Disorder (MPD), now also known as Dissociative Iden- tity Disorder, raises many questions about the nature of persons, the goals of treatment, the suggestibility of patients, and the reliability of defendant reports of their own mental states. These issues become crucial when courts need to decide whether or not to punish a person with MPD who has committed a crime. This paper will explore that issue and propose a test of when people with MPD should (...)
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  26.  36
    Why the Histrionic Personality Disorder Should Not Be in the DSM: A New Taxonomic and Moral Analysis. Gould - 2011 - International Journal of Feminist Approaches to Bioethics 4 (1):26-40.
    The scene was pleasant on both sides. A cruder lover would have lost the view of her pretty ways and attitudes, and spoiled all by stupid attempts at caresses, utterly destructive of the drama. Grancourt preferred the drama. Gwendolen … found her spirits rising … as she played at reigning. Perhaps if Klesmer had seen more of her in this unconscious kind of acting, instead of when she was trying to be theatrical, he might have rated her chances [on stage] (...)
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  27.  33
    Informed Consent for Research in Borderline Personality Disorder.Rachel E. Dew - 2007 - BMC Medical Ethics 8 (1):1-4.
    Background Previous research on informed consent for research in psychiatric patients has centered on disorders that affect comprehension and appreciation of risks. Little has been written about consent to research in those subjects with Borderline Personality Disorder, a prevalent and disabling condition. Discussion Despite apparently intact cognition and comprehension of risks, a borderline subject may deliberately choose self-harm in order to fulfill abnormal psychological needs, or due to suicidality. Alternatively, such a subject may refuse enrollment due to transference (...)
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  28. Personality and Dangerousness: Genealogies of Antisocial Personality Disorder.David McCallum - 2001 - Cambridge University Press.
    In the aftermath of the Port Arthur shootings, Dunblane or the schoolyard killings in America, communities try to come to terms with private and public trauma and there is a need to understand what kind of person can commit such terrible acts. The problem of how to understand dangerousness often centres on the role of the mental health and criminal justice systems and it is from the intersection of these two institutions that the categorisation of dangerous persons has emerged. This (...)
     
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  29. Mapping the Edges and the in-Between: A Critical Analysis of Borderline Personality Disorder.Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2009 - Oxford University Press.
    Borderline Personality Disorder is a diagnosis given to a significant number of people in the Western world. Yet many of the core concepts and symptoms that underlye this diagnosis are questionable. This book presents a compelling analysis of BPD, arguing that it needs to be approached in a new light- one that will benefit patients.
     
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  30.  53
    Responsibility Without Blame: Empathy and the Effective Treatment of Personality Disorder.Hanna Pickard - 2011 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 18 (3):209-224.
  31.  23
    Epistemic Injustice and Responsibility in Borderline Personality Disorder.Kyratsous Michalis & Sanati Abdi - 2017 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 23 (5):974-980.
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  32.  8
    Moving Toward Connectedness – A Qualitative Study of Recovery Processes for People With Borderline Personality Disorder.Britt Kverme, Eli Natvik, Marius Veseth & Christian Moltu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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  33.  5
    A Non-Linear Predictive Model of Borderline Personality Disorder Based on Multilayer Perceptron.Nelson M. Maldonato, Raffaele Sperandeo, Enrico Moretto & Silvia Dell'Orco - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  34.  10
    Electrophysiological Characteristics in Depressive Personality Disorder: An Event-Related Potential Study.Hong-Hua Yu, Si-Meng Gu, Fang-Min Yao, Zhi-Ren Wang & Wen-Qing Fu - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  35. Multiple Personality Disorder and its Hosts.Ian Hacking - 1992 - History of the Human Sciences 5 (2):3-31.
  36.  20
    Moral Disorder In the DSM-IV?: The Cluster B Personality Disorders.Marga Reimer - 2013 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 20 (3):203-215.
  37.  8
    Feasibility of Group Schema Therapy for Outpatients with Severe Borderline Personality Disorder in Germany: A Pilot Study with Three Year Follow-Up.Fassbinder Eva, Schuetze Maren, Kranich Annika, Sipos Valerija, Hohagen Fritz, Shaw Ida, Farrell Joan, Arntz Arnoud & Schweiger Ulrich - 2016 - Frontiers in Psychology 7.
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  38.  9
    Self Over Time: Another Difference Between Borderline Personality Disorder and Bipolar Disorder.P. Borda Juan - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (4):603-607.
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  39.  8
    Proposition: A Personality Disorder May Nullify Responsibility for a Criminal Act.Robert Kinscherff - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):745-759.
  40. Speaking for Our Selves: An Assessment of Multiple Personality Disorder.Nicholas Humphrey & Daniel C. Dennett - 1989 - Raritan 9 (1):68-98.
  41.  4
    Historical Roots of Histrionic Personality Disorder.Filipa Novais, Andreia Araújo & Paula Godinho - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  42.  14
    Autobiographical Memory in Depressed and Nondepressed Patients with Borderline Personality Disorder After Long‐Term Psychotherapy.Philip Spinhoven, A. J. Willem Van der Does, Richard Van Dyck & Ismay P. Kremers - 2006 - Cognition and Emotion 20 (3-4):448-465.
  43.  3
    Shifted Intrinsic Connectivity of Central Executive and Salience Network in Borderline Personality Disorder.Anselm Doll - 2013 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 7.
  44.  14
    Borderline Personality Disorder: A Dysregulation of the Endogenous Opioid System?Borwin Bandelow, Christian Schmahl, Peter Falkai & Dirk Wedekind - 2010 - Psychological Review 117 (2):623-636.
  45.  16
    Should a Personality Disorder Qualify as a Mental Disease in Insanity Adjudication?Richard J. Bonnie - 2010 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 38 (4):760-763.
  46.  7
    Exclusion-Proneness in Borderline Personality Disorder Inpatients Impairs Alliance in Mentalization-Based Group Therapy.Sebastian Euler, Johannes Wrege, Mareike Busmann, Hannah J. Lindenmeyer, Daniel Sollberger, Undine E. Lang, Jens Gaab & Marc Walter - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  47.  11
    Episodic Memory and Consciousness in Antisocial Personality Disorder and Conduct Disorder.Franco Fabbro & Cristiano Crescentini - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  48.  10
    Implicit Self-and Other-Associations in Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Traits.Anoek Weertman, Arnoud Arntz, Peter J. de Jong & Mike Rinck - 2008 - Cognition and Emotion 22 (7):1253-1275.
  49.  2
    Strategies to Deal With Suicide and Non-Suicidal Self-Injury in Borderline Personality Disorder, the Case of DBT.Paco Prada, Nader Perroud, Eva Rüfenacht & Rosetta Nicastro - 2018 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  50.  36
    Commodity/Body/Sign: Borderline Personality Disorder and the Signification of Self-Injurious Behavior.Nancy Nyquist Potter - 2003 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 10 (1):1-16.
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