Results for 'Distraction'

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  1. NEXUS cervical spine criteria.S. Spine, A. Alertness & D. Distracting - 1998 - Nexus 32:461-469.
     
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  2.  24
    Genetically mediated resistance to distraction: Influence of dopamine transporter genotype on attentional selection.Bellgrove Mark, Newman Daniel, Cummins Tarrant, Tong Janette, Johnson Beth, Wagner Joseph, Goodrich Jack, Hawi Ziarih & Chambers Chris - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  3.  13
    Infinite Distraction.Dominic Pettman - 2015 - Malden, MA: Polity.
    It is sometimes argued that contemporary media technologies push individuals into collective action on an industrial scale, without them necessarily being aware of it. Yet what if the problem is not that we are all synchronized to the same affective networks and moments, but rather dispersed into countless different networks and moments? What if the effect of so-called social media is to calibrate the interactive spectacle so that we never fully feel the same way as other potential allies at the (...)
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  4. Distracted from Meaning: A Philosophy of Smartphones.Tiger C. Roholt - 2022 - London, UK: Bloomsbury Academic.
    When our smartphones distract us, much more is at stake than a momentary lapse of attention. Our use of smartphones can interfere with the building-blocks of meaningfulness and the actions that shape our self-identity. -/- By analyzing social interactions and evolving experiences, Roholt reveals the mechanisms of smartphone-distraction that impact our meaningful projects and activities. Roholt’s conception of meaning in life draws from a disparate group of philosophers—Susan Wolf, John Dewey, Hubert Dreyfus, Martin Heidegger, and Albert Borgmann. Central to (...)
  5.  30
    Distraction during learning with hypermedia: difficult tasks help to keep task goals on track.Katharina Scheiter, Peter Gerjets & Elke Heise - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:76754.
    In educational hypermedia environments, students are often confronted with potential sources of distraction arising from additional information that, albeit interesting, is unrelated to their current task goal. The paper investigates the conditions under which distraction occurs and hampers performance. Based on theories of volitional action control it was hypothesized that interesting information, especially if related to a pending goal, would interfere with task performance only when working on easy, but not on difficult tasks. In Experiment 1, 66 students (...)
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  6.  21
    Distracted Aesthetics: Towards a Hermeneutics of Engagement with Distractive Works of Art.Justin L. Harmon - 2023 - Eidos. A Journal for Philosophy of Culture 7 (2):36-51.
    Western aesthetics has privileged contemplation as a necessary condition for authentic aesthetic experience. In contrast, I argue that the adequacy of aesthetic comportment must be measured by the self-presentation of the object in question, shaped by the place from which such presentations issue. Thus, the specific character of many forms of art, particularly in urban contexts, solicits a kind of “distracted” engagement rather than contemplative attention. Distraction is a positive mode of aesthetic engagement. I begin with a critical account (...)
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  7.  11
    The power of distraction: diversion and reverie from Montaigne to Proust.Alessandra Aloisi - 2023 - New York: Bloomsbury Academic.
    Combining philosophy and literature, this book considers distraction not as an imperfection, but as a mental state with political and aesthetic potential.
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  8.  49
    When distraction helps: Evidence that concurrent articulation and irrelevant speech can facilitate insight problem solving.Linden J. Ball, John E. Marsh, Damien Litchfield, Rebecca L. Cook & Natalie Booth - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):76-96.
    We report an experiment investigating the “special-process” theory of insight problem solving, which claims that insight arises from non-conscious, non-reportable processes that enable problem re-structuring. We predicted that reducing opportunities for speech-based processing during insight problem solving should permit special processes to function more effectively and gain conscious awareness, thereby facilitating insight. We distracted speech-based processing by using either articulatory suppression or irrelevant speech, with findings for these conditions supporting the predicted insight facilitation effect relative to silent working or thinking (...)
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  9. Distracted drivers and unattended experience.Wayne Wright - 2005 - Synthese 144 (1):41-68.
    Consider the much-discussed case of the distracted driver, who is alleged to successfully navigate his car for miles despite being completely oblivious to his visual states. Perhaps he is deeply engrossed in the music playing over the radio or in philosophical reflection, and as a result he goes about unaware of the scene unfolding before him on the road. That the distracted driver has visual experiences of which he is not aware is a possibility that first-order representationalists happily accept, but (...)
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  10.  5
    Distraction.Damon Young - 2010 - Routledge.
    Most of us struggle with distraction every day: the familiar feeling that our attention is not quite where it should be. We feel it at work and at home and it can be frustrating and uncomfortable. But what is distraction? In his lucid, timely book, Damon Young shows that distraction is more than too many stimuli, or too little attention. It is actually a matter of value - to be distracted is to be torn away from what (...)
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  11. Distraction.Damon Young - 2010 - Routledge.
    Most of us struggle with distraction every day: the familiar feeling that our attention is not quite where it should be. We feel it at work and at home and it can be frustrating and uncomfortable. But what is distraction? In his lucid, timely book, Damon Young shows that distraction is more than too many stimuli, or too little attention. It is actually a matter of value - to be distracted is to be torn away from what (...)
     
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  12.  14
    Emotional distraction in working memory: Bayesian-based evidence of the equivalent effect of positive and neutral interference.Javier Pacios, José M. Caperos, David del Río & Fernando Maestú - 2021 - Cognition and Emotion 35 (2):282-290.
    Evidence has shown that negative distracting stimuli are most difficult to control when we are focused in a relevant task, while positive and neutral distractors might be equally overcome. Still, r...
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  13.  41
    The problem of distraction.Paul North - 2012 - Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
    The demand for a cause : not-always-thinking -- A face for distraction -- Kafka (diaspora) -- Heidegger (dissipation) -- Benjamin (entertainment) -- Epilogue : distraction and politics.
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  14.  9
    ``Coherentists' Distractions".Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1995 - Philosophical Topics 23 (1):257-275.
  15. Effects of rumination and distraction on naturally occurring depressed mood.Susan Nolen-Hoeksema & Jannay Morrow - 1993 - Cognition and Emotion 7 (6):561-570.
    Mildly-to-moderately depressed and nondepressed subjects were randomly assigned to spend 8 minutes focusing their attention on their current feeling states and personal characteristics (rumination condition) or on descriptions of geographic locations and objects (distraction condition). Depressed subjects in the rumination condition became significantly more depressed, whereas depressed subjects in the distraction condition became significantly less depressed. Rumination and distraction did not affect the moods of nondepressed subjects. These results support the hypothesis that ruminative responses to depressed mood (...)
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  16.  88
    Phenomenology of Distraction, or Attention in the Fissuring of Time and Space.Michael Marder - 2011 - Research in Phenomenology 41 (3):396-419.
    The goal of “Phenomenology of Distraction“ is to explore the imbrication of attention and distraction within existential spatiality and temporality. First, I juxtapose the Heideggerian dispersion of concern (which includes, among other things, the attentive comportment) in everyday life, conceived as a way to get distracted from one's impending mortality, to Fernando Pessoa's embracing of the inauthentic, superficial, and restless existence, where attention necessarily reverts into distraction. Second, I consider the philosophical confessions of St. Augustine and Jean-Jacques (...)
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  17.  10
    Coherentists’ Distractions.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1995 - Philosophical Topics 23 (1):257-274.
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  18.  14
    The plenitude of distraction.Marina Van Zuylen - 2017 - New York, NY: Sequence Press.
    This short book takes a second look at distraction, extracting untold pleasures from its alleged dangers, defending and celebrating the unfocused life for the small and great wonders it can deliver. It tracks the paths of writers that built their works around non-linear thinking. Bergson called on distraction to sharpen our perceptions; Proust's greatest epiphany came from stumbling, not walking in a straight line; Nietzsche never trusted a thought that didn't come from perambulation. The wanderings documented in these (...)
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  19. Distracted Daycare and Child Welfare: An Ethical Analysis.Shane J. Ralston - 2020 - Ethics and Social Welfare 14 (3):315-330.
    Parental overuse of portable technology poses a bonafide threat to the welfare and development of children. In the past decade, researchers have documented this phenomenon whereby parents pay far more attention to handheld electronic devices than to their children's safety and developmental needs. What most studies have failed to examine is the extent to which workers in privately owned and operated daycares also exhibit technology-induced distracted behavior. This article aims to identify the moral harm of caregivers' distracted behaviour in a (...)
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  20.  21
    The Problem of Distraction.Paul North - 2012 - Stanford, California: Stanford University Press.
    We live in an age of distraction. Contemporary analyses of culture, politics, techno-science, and psychology insist on this. They often suggest remedies for it, or ways to capitalize on it. Yet they almost never investigate the meaning and history of distraction itself. This book corrects this lack of attention. It inquires into the effects of distraction, defined not as the opposite of attention, but as truly discontinuous intellect. Human being has to be reconceived, according to this argument, (...)
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  21.  26
    Effect of nonverbal distraction on short-term storage.Michael J. Watkins, Olga C. Watkins, Fergus I. Craik & Gregory Mazuryk - 1973 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 101 (2):296.
  22.  95
    Distracted by Disability.Adrienne Asch - 1998 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 7 (1):77-87.
    People with disabilities use more medical care and see health professionals more often than do those of the same age, ethnic group, or economic class who do not have impairments. An indisputable medical goal is.
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  23. Theorizing Digital Distraction.Mark L. Hanin - 2020 - Philosophy and Technology 34 (2):395-406.
    This commentary contributes to philosophical reflection on the growing challenge of digital distraction and the value of attention in the digital age. It clarifies the nature of the problem in conceptual and historical terms; analyzes “freedom of attention” as an organizing ideal for moral and political theorizing; considers some constraints of political morality on coercive state action to bolster users’ attentional resources; comments on corporate moral responsibility; and touches on some reform ideas. In particular, the commentary develops a response (...)
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  24.  17
    Reformist Distractions and Educational Labor: Two Perspectives on Paying for Grades.Bryan R. Warnick - 2016 - Educational Theory 66 (5):581-598.
    In this essay Bryan Warnick examines two recent analyses of the practice of paying students for grades, with a focus on educational justice. Philosopher Derrick Darby argues against cash-for-grades programs on the grounds that such programs leave educational inequality intact. Warnick contends that Darby's arguments are incomplete. Increasing levels of educational “adequacy” is morally desirable, Warnick argues, even if inequality remains unchanged. There is also an obligation to engage in “localized practice reforms” that benefit small groups of disadvantaged students, even (...)
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  25.  29
    Distraction of attention with the use of virtual reality. Influence of the level of game complexity on the level of experienced pain.Marcin Czub & Joanna Piskorz - 2014 - Polish Psychological Bulletin 45 (4):480-487.
    : Research done in recent years shows that Virtual Reality can be an effective tool for distracting attention from pain. The purpose of this study was to test how the complexity of Virtual Environment influences the experienced intensity of thermal pain stimuli. A within-subjects design experiment was conducted, using cold pressor test for pain stimulation. Research was done on 31 students of Wroclaw Universities. Participants played games created for the purpose of the study, using head mounted displays and movement sensors. (...)
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  26.  18
    Effects of distraction on memory and cognition: a commentary.Fergus I. M. Craik - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:105208.
    This commentary is a review of the findings and ideas reported in the preceding nine articles on the effects of distraction on aspects of cognitive performance. The articles themselves deal with the disruptive effects of distraction on recall of words, objects and events, also on visual processing, category formation and other cognitive tasks. The commentary assesses the part played by “domain-general” suppression of distracting information and the “domain-specific” competition arising when tasks and distraction involve very similar material. (...)
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  27.  31
    Visual distraction during word-list retrieval does not consistently disrupt memory.Pamela J. L. Rae & Timothy J. Perfect - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5.
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  28.  25
    Distractibility during retrieval of long-term memory: domain-general interference, neural networks and increased susceptibility in normal aging.Peter E. Wais & Adam Gazzaley - 2014 - Frontiers in Psychology 5:76196.
    The mere presence of irrelevant external stimuli results in interference with the fidelity of details retrieved from long-term memory (LTM). Recent studies suggest that distractibility during LTM retrieval occurs when the focus of resource-limited, top-down mechanisms that guide the selection of relevant mnemonic details is disrupted by representations of external distractors. We review findings from four studies that reveal distractibility during episodic retrieval. The approach cued participants to recall previously studied visual details when their eyes were closed, or were open (...)
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  29. Coherentists' Distractions.Jonathan L. Kvanvig - 1995 - Philosophical Topics 23 (1):257-274.
    The heart of coherentism is found in two aspects, one negative and one positive. On the negative side, coherentism is a contrary of foundationalism, the view that the epistemic status of our beliefs ultimately traces to, or derives from, basic beliefs.
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  30.  83
    Media multitasking, attention, and distraction: a critical discussion.Jesper Aagaard - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):885-896.
    Students often multitask with technologies such as computers, laptops, tablets and smartphones during class. Unfortunately, numerous empirical studies firmly establish a significant drop in academic performance caused by this media multitasking. In this paper it is argued that cognitive studies may have clarified the negative consequences of this activity, yet they struggle to address the processes involved in it. A cognitive characterization of attention as a mental phenomenon neglects the interaction between bodies and technologies, and it is suggested that a (...)
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  31. Attraction, Distraction and Action: Multiple Perspectives on Attentional Capture. Advances in Psychology.Charles L. Folk & Bradley S. Gibson (eds.) - 2001 - Elsevier.
  32.  10
    Distracted from Meaning: A Philosophy of Smartphones, by Tiger C. Roholt.Antonio L. Sartori - 2023 - Teaching Philosophy 46 (4):589-594.
  33. Distractions.Aldous Huxley - 1945 - In Christopher Isherwood (ed.), Vedanta for the Western world. Hollywood: The Marcel Rodd Co..
     
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  34. Distracted images : Ablenkung, Zerstreuung, Konstellation.Benjamin Brewer - 2018 - In Nassima Sahraoui & Caroline Sauter (eds.), Thinking in constellations: Walter Benjamin in the humanities. Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Press.
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  35.  16
    Distraction and Santayana's Idea of Progress.Christopher Perricone - 1983 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 19 (2):167 - 181.
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  36.  10
    “Unattended, distracting or irrelevant”: Theoretical implications of terminological choices in auditory selective attention research.Shiri Makov, Danna Pinto, Paz Har-Shai Yahav, Lee M. Miller & Elana Zion Golumbic - 2023 - Cognition 231 (C):105313.
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  37.  2
    Politiques de la distraction.Paul Sztulman & Dork Zabunyan (eds.) - 2021 - Dijon: Les presses du réel.
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  38. ‘Those distracting terrors of the enemy’: demonic possession and exorcism in the thought of John Wesley.Robert Webster - 2003 - Bulletin of the John Rylands Library 85 (2):373-385.
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  39.  15
    Crossmodal spatial distraction across the lifespan.Tiziana Pedale, Serena Mastroberardino, Michele Capurso, Andrew J. Bremner, Charles Spence & Valerio Santangelo - 2021 - Cognition 210 (C):104617.
    The ability to resist distracting stimuli whilst voluntarily focusing on a task is fundamental to our everyday cognitive functioning. Here, we investigated how this ability develops, and thereafter declines, across the lifespan using a single task/experiment. Young children (5–7 years), older children (10–11 years), young adults (20–27 years), and older adults (62–86 years) were presented with complex visual scenes. Endogenous (voluntary) attention was engaged by having the participants search for a visual target presented on either the left or right side (...)
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  40. The "distraction" of contemporary art according to Yves Michaud.Róbert Karul - 2020 - In Peter Šajda (ed.), Modern and Postmodern Crises of Symbolic Structures: Essays in Philosophical Anthropology. Leiden ;: Brill | Rodopi.
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  41.  32
    The distraction paradigm: Equating difficulty is difficult.Damaso Karlye, Provost Alexander, Michie Pat, Brown Scott, Schall Ulrich & Todd Juanita - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  42.  26
    Distraction from emotional information reduces biased judgements.Heather C. Lench, Shane W. Bench & Elizabeth L. Davis - 2016 - Cognition and Emotion 30 (4).
  43.  35
    Behavioral distraction by auditory novelty is not only about novelty: The role of the distracter’s informational value.Fabrice B. R. Parmentier, Jane V. Elsley & Jessica K. Ljungberg - 2010 - Cognition 115 (3):504-511.
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  44.  13
    Distraction Modulates Self-Referential Effects in the Processing of Monetary and Social Rewards.Jia Zhu & Youlong Zhan - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 9.
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  45.  14
    Distraction.Robert Smith - 1998 - Angelaki 3 (2):133 – 146.
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  46.  11
    Kierkegaard’s Divine Distractions.David Wisdo - 2021 - Sophia 60 (4):889-898.
    In his discourse The Glory of Being Human, Kierkegaard dons his spiritual therapist hat not only to help us recognize the futility of worldly ways of distraction but also to appreciate other more stable and edifying kinds of diversions which he calls ‘divine distractions,’ for instance, contemplating the lilies of the field and the birds of the air. Although the discourse The Glory of Being Human was published in 1847, two years before The Sickness Unto Death, Kierkegaard introduces in (...)
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  47.  15
    Multi-modal distraction: Insights from children’s limited attention.Pawel J. Matusz, Hannah Broadbent, Jessica Ferrari, Benjamin Forrest, Rebecca Merkley & Gaia Scerif - 2015 - Cognition 136 (C):156-165.
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  48.  38
    Evenly Suspended Distractive Attention.Lyat Friedman - 2014 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 18 (1/2):84-101.
    This article reviews recent cognitive and neurological approaches to the study of attention. It argues that such research is based on the notion that attention has a positive cognitive function selecting, like a sieve or a filter, elements from the background and foreground, to then be processed by the brain and made conscious when required. These approaches fail to explain cognitive overload and recent findings demonstrating that recognition and understanding—sensory, visual and semantic—also occur prior to attention. Merleau-Ponty and Freud offer (...)
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  49.  9
    Attention for Distraction: Modernity, Modernism and Perception.Ernst van Alphen - 2017 - Text Matters - a Journal of Literature, Theory and Culture 7 (7):87-97.
    Particularly in the latter half of the nineteenth century sensorial experiences changed at breakneck speed. Social and technological developments of modernity like the industrial revolution, rapid urban expansion, the advance of capitalism and the invention of new technologies transformed the field of the senses. Instead of attentiveness, distraction became prevalent. It is not only Baudelaire who addressed these transformations in his poems, but they can also be recognized in the works of novelist Gustave Flaubert and painter Edward Munch. By (...)
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  50.  19
    Affective distraction along the flexibility-stability continuum.Anna Foerster, Constantin Schmidts, Thomas Kleinsorge & Wilfried Kunde - 2019 - Cognition and Emotion 34 (3):438-449.
    This study explored whether conditions that promote flexibility in task processing enhance the detrimental impact of irrelevant negative stimulation on performance. We approached this flexibility f...
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