Results for 'Dmitry A. Olshansky'

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  1.  34
    Book Reviews. [REVIEW]Zain Ali, Max Charlesworth, Hans-Georg Moeller, Christopher W. Gowans, Shalom Goldman, Dmitry A. Olshansky, Sor-Hoon Tan & Patrick Hutchings - 2005 - Sophia 44 (2):71-87.
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  2. A Note on Post-Marxist Ideology and Intertextuality From Althusser to Kristeva.Dmitry Olshansky - 2008 - Filozofija I Društvo 19 (1):333-340.
     
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  3.  10
    Primary Prevention with a Capital P.S. Jay Olshansky & Bruce A. Carnes - 2018 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 60 (4):478-496.
    The first longevity revolution began in the middle of the 19th century, accelerated through the first half of the 20th century, and led to the first and only quantum leap in human life expectancy.In the 20th century alone, life expectancy at birth in most developed nations rose by about 30 years. The first three quarters of the century were notable for gains made at younger and middle ages, and in the last quarter century, old age mortality declined. Nothing in history (...)
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  4.  9
    Human Longevity: Nature Vs. Nurture--Fact or Fiction.Bruce A. Carnes, S. Jay Olshansky, Leonid Gavrilov, Natalia Gavrilova & Douglas Grahn - 1998 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 42 (3):422-441.
  5. Lacan's Medievalism-Erin Felicia Labbie: Lacan's Medievalism, University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, 2006.Dmitry Olshansky - 2010 - Filozofija I Društvo 21 (3):217-220.
     
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  6. Prikazi.Vladimir Milisavljević, Dmitry Olshansky, Zagorka Golubović, Zoran Kinđić, Mirko Blagojević & Sandra Radenović - 2010 - Filozofija I Društvo 21 (3):165-223.
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  7.  48
    Behavior of a Magnetic Dipole Freely Floating on Water Surface.M. A. & H. Kh - manuscript
    In this paper, the authors have detected a new effect in the area of geomagnetism, related to the behavior of a magnetic dipole freely floating on water surface. An experiment is described in the present paper in which a magnetic dipole fixed upon a float placed on non- magnetized water surface undergoes displacement along with reorientation caused by fine structure of the earth's magnetic field. This fact can probably be explained by secular decrease of the earth's major dipole moment. Further, (...)
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  8. Chapter Thirteen Individual and Professional Differences in the Perception of Dramatic Art Dmitry A. Leontiev and Larissa Lagoutina.Dmitry A. Leontiev - 2007 - In L. I͡A Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.), Aesthetics and Innovation. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 241.
     
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  9. Chapter Twelve Translation of Values Through Art: Non-Classical Value Approach Dmitry A. Leontiev.Dmitry A. Leontiev - 2007 - In L. I͡A Dorfman, Colin Martindale & Vladimir Petrov (eds.), Aesthetics and Innovation. Cambridge Scholars Press. pp. 227.
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  10.  59
    From Being Motivated to Motivating Oneself: A Vygotskian Perspective.Eugene V. Aidman & Dmitry A. Leontiev - 1991 - Studies in East European Thought 42 (2):137-151.
    The aim of this paper has been to draw attention to the non-cognitive aspects of Vygotsky's theoretical heritage. We hope that we have succeeded in presenting here his principal ideas on motivation and volition in the present-day problem context. It should be noted that the problem of human freedom and self-determination was of great importance for Vygotsky, though the explicit discussion of this problem is not common in his writings. Approaching this problem both as a philosopher and as a psychologist, (...)
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  11.  5
    Graph of a Reflexive Game and Bélles-Léttres.Alexander G. Chkhartishvili & Dmitry A. Novikov - 2014 - Studia Humana 3 (3):11-15.
    The authors consider reflexive games that describe the interaction of subjects making decisions based on an awareness structure, i.e., a hierarchy of beliefs about essential parameters, beliefs about beliefs, and so on. It was shown that the language of graphs of reflexive games represents a convenient uniform description method for reflexion effects in bélles-léttres.
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  12.  12
    From Being Motivated to Motivating Oneself: A Vygotskian Perspective.Eugene V. Aidman & Dmitry A. Leontiev - 1991 - Studies in Soviet Thought 42 (2):137-151.
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  13. Dugin Eurasianism: A Window on the Minds of the Russian Elite or an Intellectual Ploy?Dmitry Shlapentokh - 2007 - Studies in East European Thought 59 (3):215-236.
    This paper considers the views of Alexander Dugin, a leading proponent of Eurasianism in contemporary Russia. The point of his teaching is the preservation of the traditional social/cultural make-up of each civilization. He also believes that the Russian Slavs together with the minorities of the Russian Federation constitute a quasi-unity of Eurasian civilization. He emphasizes that globalism, led by the USA, is a mortal threat to the cultural identity of Russia/Eurasia and all other civilizations. For this reason the USA and (...)
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  14.  34
    A Few More Useful 8-Valued Logics for Reasoning with Tetralattice Eight.Dmitry Zaitsev - 2009 - Studia Logica 92 (2):265 - 280.
    In their useful logic for a computer network Shramko and Wansing generalize initial values of Belnap’s 4-valued logic to the set 16 to be the power-set of Belnap’s 4. This generalization results in a very specific algebraic structure — the trilattice SIXTEEN 3 with three orderings: information, truth and falsity. In this paper, a slightly different way of generalization is presented. As a base for further generalization a set 3 is chosen, where initial values are a — incoming data is (...)
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  15.  25
    Bi-Facial Truth: A Case for Generalized Truth Values.Dmitry Zaitsev & Yaroslav Shramko - 2013 - Studia Logica 101 (6):1299-1318.
    We explore a possibility of generalization of classical truth values by distinguishing between their ontological and epistemic aspects and combining these aspects within a joint semantical framework. The outcome is four generalized classical truth values implemented by Cartesian product of two sets of classical truth values, where each generalized value comprises both ontological and epistemic components. This allows one to define two unary twin connectives that can be called “semi-classical negations”. Each of these negations deals only with one of the (...)
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  16.  21
    N. A. Vasil’Ev’s Logic and the Problem of Future Random Events.Dmitry Maximov - 2018 - Axiomathes 28 (2):201-217.
    The solution of the problem of the future random events truth is considered in Vasil’ev’s logic. N. A. Vasil’ev graded the logic according to two levels—the level of facts, i.e. time fixed events, and the level of notions or rules, governing these facts. The mathematical construction previously suggested for imaginary Vasil’ev’s logic, extends to the early variant of his logic—a logic of notions. In the paper, we investigate the meaning of problematic and uncertain assertions introduced by Vasil’ev. As a result, (...)
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  17.  5
    Rational Agency From a Truth-Functional Perspective.Ekaterina Kubyshkina & Dmitry V. Zaitsev - 2016 - Logic and Logical Philosophy 25 (4):499-520.
    The aim of the present paper is to introduce a system, where the epistemic state of an agent is represented truth-functionally. In order to obtain this system, we propose a four-valued logic, that we call the logic of rational agent, where the fact of knowing something is formalized at the level of valuations, without the explicit use of epistemic knowledge operator. On the basis of this semantics, a sound and complete system with two distinct truth-functional negations is provided. These negations (...)
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  18.  11
    A Few More Useful 8-Valued Logics for Reasoning with Tetralattice EIGHT 4.Dmitry Zaitsev - 2009 - Studia Logica 92 (2):265-280.
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  19.  14
    A Resilience Toolbox and Research Design for Black Sky Hazards to Power Grids.Dmitry Borisoglebsky & Liz Varga - 2019 - Complexity 2019:1-15.
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  20.  13
    A General Method for Proving Decidability of Intuitionistic Modal Logics.Natasha Alechina & Dmitry Shkatov - 2006 - Journal of Applied Logic 4 (3):219-230.
  21.  21
    A Tale of TALE, PREP1, PBX1, and MEIS1: Interconnections and Competition in Cancer.Francesco Blasi, Chiara Bruckmann, Dmitry Penkov & Leila Dardaei - 2017 - Bioessays 39 (5).
  22.  1
    Evaluation as a Humanitarian Methodology and Practice. “From Psycholinguistic to Complex Humanitarian Expertise” Round Table.Dmitry Leontiev & Grigorii Tulchinskii - 2018 - Russian Journal of Philosophical Sciences 2:120-140.
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  23. Tjeerd B. Jongeling, Teun Koetsier & Evert Wattel, a Logical Approach to Qualitative Reasoning With'several'... 15.Vladimir Markin, Dmitry Zaitsev, Imaginary Logic, Lloyd Humberstone, Implicational Converses, Jose M. Mendez, Francisco Salto, Pedro Mendez, Roger Vergauwen & Ray Lam - 2002 - Logique Et Analyse 45:1.
     
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  24. Imaginary Logic-2: Formal Reconstruction of the Unnoticed Nikolai Vasiliev's Logical System* Vladimir Markin and Dmitry Zaitsev.Logique A. Analyse - 2002 - Logique Et Analyse 45:39.
  25. Bø and Bön: Ancient Shamanic Traditions of Siberia and Tibet in Their Relation to the Teachings of a Central Asian Buddha.Dmitry Ermakov - 2008 - Vajra Publications.
     
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  26.  10
    Linear Logic with Fixed Resources.Dmitry A. Archangelsky & Mikhail A. Taitslin - 1994 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 67 (1-3):3-28.
    In this paper we continue the study of Girard's Linear Logic and introduce a new Linear Logic with modalities. Our logic describes not only the consumption, but also the presence of resources. We introduce a new semantics and a new calculus for this logic. In contrast to the results of Lincoln [7] and Kanovich [4] about the NP-completeness of the problem of the construction of a proof for a given sequent in the multiplicative fragment of Girard's Linear Logic, we present (...)
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  27.  12
    The so-Called ‚Itinerary Stade‘ and the Accuracy of Eratosthenes' Measurement of the Earth.Dmitry A. Shcheglov - 2018 - Klio 100 (1):153-177.
    Summary This paper presents a new argument against the widely accepted view that Eratosthenes and some other Greek authors of the pre-Roman period measured distances in special stades that were much shorter than the ‚common‘ stade of 185 m attested by the majority of sources.
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  28.  27
    On the Issue of Religious Tolerance in Modern Russia: National Identity and Religion.Dmitry A. Golovushkin - 2004 - Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies 3 (7):101-110.
    The sources of religious tolerance but also of religious nationalism in post-soviet Russia can be found basically in the group identification of nationality and religion. In crisis situations, the historical religion of the Russian society - Orthodoxy - becomes the criterion for identifying the national identity. However, despite the fact that the majority of Russians in our times consider themselves Orthodox, many of them are not believers. The observable effect of the “external belief” results in the fact that the religion (...)
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  29.  4
    Linear Logic for Nets with Bounded Resources.Dmitry A. Archangelsky, Mikhail I. Dekhtyar & Mikhail A. Taitslin - 1996 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 78 (1-3):3-28.
    In this paper we introduce a new type of nets with bounded types of distributed resources . Linear Logic to describe the behaviour of BR-nets is defined. It is based on Girard's Linear Logic but captures not only consumption of resources but their presence as well. Theorem of soundness and completeness of the proposed axiomatization is proved and the complexity of the provability problem is established for the general case and some particular ones.
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  30.  49
    On Combinations of Propositional Dynamic Logic and Doxastic Modal Logics.Renate A. Schmidt & Dmitry Tishkovsky - 2008 - Journal of Logic, Language and Information 17 (1):109-129.
    We prove completeness and decidability results for a family of combinations of propositional dynamic logic and unimodal doxastic logics in which the modalities may interact. The kind of interactions we consider include three forms of commuting axioms, namely, axioms similar to the axiom of perfect recall and the axiom of no learning from temporal logic, and a Church–Rosser axiom. We investigate the influence of the substitution rule on the properties of these logics and propose a new semantics for the test (...)
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  31.  44
    Interactions Between Knowledge, Action and Commitment Within Agent Dynamic Logic.Renate A. Schmidt, Dmitry Tishkovsky & Ullrich Hustadt - 2004 - Studia Logica 78 (3):381-415.
    This paper considers a new class of agent dynamic logics which provide a formal means of specifying and reasoning about the agents activities and informational, motivational and practical aspects of the behaviour of the agents. We present a Hilbert-style deductive system for a basic agent dynamic logic and consider a number of extensions of this logic with axiom schemata formalising interactions between knowledge and commitment (expressing an agent s awareness of her commitments), and interactions between knowledge and actions (expressing no (...)
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  32.  9
    Hydrogeny.Evelina Domnitch & Dmitry Gelfand - 2011 - Continent 1 (3):156-157.
    Nature's simplest atom and mother of all matter, hydrogen feeds the stars as well as interlaces the molecules of their biological descendants – to whom it ultimately whispers the secrets of quantum reality. Hydrogen’s most prevalent earthly guise lies within the composition of water. A slight electrical disturbance can split water into hydrogen and oxygen gas, resulting in diaphanous bubble clouds slowly rising towards the liquid’s surface. Though the founding fathers of electrochemistry posited that the mass of liberated bubbles is (...)
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  33. Beyond the Nation-State: The Zionist Political Imagination From Pinsker to Ben-Gurion.Dmitry Shumsky - 2018 - Yale University Press.
    _A revisionist account of Zionist history, challenging the inevitability of a one-state solution, from a bold, path-breaking young scholar_ The Jewish nation-state has often been thought of as Zionism’s end goal. In this bracing history of the idea of the Jewish state in modern Zionism, from its beginnings in the late nineteenth century until the establishment of the state of Israel, Dmitry Shumsky challenges this deeply rooted assumption. In doing so, he complicates the narrative of the Zionist quest for (...)
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  34.  20
    Posidonius on the Dry West and the Wet East: Fragment 223 Ek Reconsidered.Dmitry A. Shcheglov - 2006 - Classical Quarterly 56 (2):509-527.
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  35.  77
    Consumer Ethics: A Cross-Cultural Study of the Ethical Beliefs of Turkish and American Consumers.Mohammed Y. A. Rawwas, Ziad Swaidan & Mine Oyman - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (2):183-195.
    The ethical climate in Turkey is beset by ethical problems. Bribery, environmental pollution, tax frauds, deceptive advertising, production of unsafe products, and the ethical violations that involved politicians and business professionals are just a few examples. The purpose of this study is to compare and contrast the ethical beliefs of American and Turkish consumers using the Ethical Position Questionnaire (EPQ) of Forsyth (1980), the Machiavellianism scale, and the Consumer Ethical Practices of Muncy and Vitell questionnaire (MVQ). A sample of 376 (...)
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  36.  1
    Paul T. Keyser; John Scarborough . The Oxford Handbook of Science and Medicine in the Classical World. Xvi + 1,045 Pp., Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2018. £115 . ISBN 9780199734146. [REVIEW]Dmitry A. Shcheglov - 2019 - Isis 110 (4):808-809.
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  37.  12
    The Accuracy of Ancient Cartography Reassessed: The Longitude Error in Ptolemy’s Map.Dmitry A. Shcheglov - 2016 - Isis 107 (4):687-706.
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  38.  12
    Rozwój osobowości w naturalnych i utrudnionych warunkach.Dmitry A. Leontiev - 2016 - Studia Z Historii Filozofii 7 (1):157-175.
    Artykuł poświęcony jest specyfice rozwoju osobowości osób z OMZ, który rozumiany jest jako rozwój w utrudnionych warunkach, nie jest on tożsamy ani z normalnym, ani anomalnym rozwojem. Cele, ukierunkowanie i kryteria rozwoju w utrudnionych warunkach nie odbiegają od normalnego rozwoju, jednak deficyt określonej kategorii zasobów rozwoju wymaga podniesionej mobilizacji pozostałych zasobów i podnosi miarę wysiłków, które należy dostosować do indywiduum dla osiągnięcia celów rozwoju. Teoretyczny model, zaproponowany w artykule, opisuje osobowościowy rozwój przez mechanizmy współdziałania fizycznych, społecznych i osobowościowych zasobów, kompensacje (...)
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  39.  9
    Clustered and Genome-Wide Transient Mutagenesis in Human Cancers: Hypermutation Without Permanent Mutators or Loss of Fitness.Steven A. Roberts & Dmitry A. Gordenin - 2014 - Bioessays 36 (4):382-393.
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  40. What the Externalist Can Know A Priori.Paul A. Boghossian - 1997 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 97 (2):161-75.
    Controversy continues to attach to the question whether an externalism about mental content is compatible with a traditional doctrine of privileged self-knowledge. By an externalism about mental content, I mean the view that what concepts our thoughts involve may depend not only on facts that are internal to us, but on facts about our environment. It is worth emphasizing, if only because it is still occasionally misperceived, that this thesis is supposed to apply at the level of sense and not (...)
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  41.  84
    Newton on Action at a Distance and the Cause of Gravity.Steffen Ducheyne - 2011 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 42 (1):154-159.
    In this discussion paper, I seek to challenge Hylarie Kochiras’ recent claims on Newton’s attitude towards action at a distance, which will be presented in Section 1. In doing so, I shall include the positions of Andrew Janiak and John Henry in my discussion and present my own tackle on the matter . Additionally, I seek to strengthen Kochiras’ argument that Newton sought to explain the cause of gravity in terms of secondary causation . I also provide some specification on (...)
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  42. Being in a Position to Know and Closure.Jan Heylen - 2016 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):63-67.
    The focus of this article is the question whether the notion of being in a position to know is closed under modus ponens. The question is answered negatively.
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  43. Phenomenological Architecture of a Mind and Operational Architectonics of the Brain: The Unified Metastable Continuum.Andrew A. Fingelkurts, Alexander A. Fingelkurts & Carlos F. H. Neves - 2009 - In Robert Kozma & John Caulfield (eds.), Journal of New Mathematics and Natural Computing. Special Issue on Neurodynamic Correlates of Higher Cognition and Consciousness: Theoretical and Experimental Approaches - in Honor of Walter J Freeman's 80th Birthday. World Scientific. pp. 221-244.
    In our contribution we will observe phenomenal architecture of a mind and operational architectonics of the brain and will show their intimate connectedness within a single integrated metastable continuum. The notion of operation of different complexity is the fundamental and central one in bridging the gap between brain and mind: it is precisely by means of this notion that it is possible to identify what at the same time belongs to the phenomenal conscious level and to the neurophysiological level of (...)
     
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  44.  56
    Filozofowanie a prawda o człowieku / Philosophizing and the True Knowledge of Human Being, 2014.Marek A. Pepliński - 2014 - Filo-Sofija 26 (3):85-98.
    Philosophizing and the True Knowledge of Human Being -/- The article presents the principles and method of classical philosophy. This kind of philosophy, developed mainly in ancient and medieval times, is still viable and interesting today. What is more important, it can be used as grounds for academic philosophy. Doing so provides a philosopher with resources for autonomy in her philosophical inquiry as well as the usefulness and application of its results for various cultural, social, and political tasks. The last (...)
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  45. Aristóteles frente a Platón en torno a la separación y eternidad de la Forma.Silvana Di Camillo - 2018 - Páginas de Filosofía (Universidad Nacional del Comahue) 18 (21):140-163.
    Aristóteles comparte con Platón la concepción de la forma como causa del ser y del conocimiento de las cosas. Sin embargo, un análisis de sus críticas a las Ideas muestra que encuentra en la separación de las Ideas y las cosas sensibles la aporía fundamental de la teoría platónica. Con el propósito de circunscribir el significado de “separación” aplicable a las Ideas, concentraremos nuestro estudio en dos objeciones: 1) el argumento que conduce al tercer hombre y 2) la inutilidad de (...)
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  46. Signs, Toy Models, and the A Priori.Lydia Patton - 2009 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 40 (3):281-289.
    The Marburg neo-Kantians argue that Hermann von Helmholtz's empiricist account of the a priori does not account for certain knowledge, since it is based on a psychological phenomenon, trust in the regularities of nature. They argue that Helmholtz's account raises the 'problem of validity' (Gueltigkeitsproblem): how to establish a warranted claim that observed regularities are based on actual relations. I reconstruct Heinrich Hertz's and Ludwig Wittgenstein's Bild theoretic answer to the problem of validity: that scientists and philosophers can depict the (...)
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  47. A Manifesto for a Processual Philosophy of Biology.John A. Dupre & Daniel J. Nicholson - 2018 - In Daniel J. Nicholson & John A. Dupre (eds.), Everything Flows: Towards a Processual Philosophy of Biology.
    This chapter argues that scientific and philosophical progress in our understanding of the living world requires that we abandon a metaphysics of things in favour of one centred on processes. We identify three main empirical motivations for adopting a process ontology in biology: metabolic turnover, life cycles, and ecological interdependence. We show how taking a processual stance in the philosophy of biology enables us to ground existing critiques of essentialism, reductionism, and mechanicism, all of which have traditionally been associated with (...)
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  48. Law Is the Command of the Sovereign: H. L. A. Hart Reconsidered.Andrew Stumpff Morrison - 2016 - Ratio Juris 29 (3):364-384.
    This article presents a critical reevaluation of the thesis—closely associated with H. L. A. Hart, and central to the views of most recent legal philosophers—that the idea of state coercion is not logically essential to the definition of law. The author argues that even laws governing contracts must ultimately be understood as “commands of the sovereign, backed by force.” This follows in part from recognition that the “sovereign,” defined rigorously, at the highest level of abstraction, is that person or entity (...)
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  49. A Passage Theory of Time.Martin A. Lipman - 2018 - In Karen Bennett & Dean Zimmerman (eds.), Oxford Studies in Metaphysics: Volume 11. Oxford University Press. pp. 95-122.
    This paper proposes a view of time that takes passage to be the most basic temporal notion, instead of the usual A-theoretic and B-theoretic notions, and explores how we should think of a world that exhibits such a genuine temporal passage. It will be argued that an objective passage of time can only be made sense of from an atemporal point of view and only when it is able to constitute a genuine change of objects across time. This requires that (...)
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  50. A Priori Conjectural Knowledge in Physics: The Comprehensibility of the Universe.Nicholas Maxwell - 2005 - In Michael Veber & Michael Shaffer (eds.), What Place for the A Priori? Chicago: Open Court. pp. 211-240.
    In this paper I argue for a priori conjectural scientific knowledge about the world. Physics persistently only accepts unified theories, even though endlessly many empirically more successful disunified rivals are always available. This persistent preference for unified theories, against empirical considerations, means that physics makes a substantial, persistent metaphysical assumption, to the effect that the universe has a (more or less) unified dynamic structure. In order to clarify what this assumption amounts to, I solve the problem of what it means (...)
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