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  1. Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory. [REVIEW]Elisabet Garriga & Domènec Melé - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics 53 (1-2):51-71.
    The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) field presents not only a landscape of theories but also a proliferation of approaches, which are controversial, complex and unclear. This article tries to clarify the situation, mapping the territory by classifying the main CSR theories and related approaches in four groups: (1) instrumental theories, in which the corporation is seen as only an instrument for wealth creation, and its social activities are only a means to achieve economic results; (2) political theories, which concern themselves (...)
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  2.  89
    Integrating Personalism Into Virtue-Based Business Ethics: The Personalist and the Common Good Principles.Domènec Melé - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (1):227-244.
    Some virtue ethicists are reluctant to consider principles and standards in business ethics. However, this is problematic. This paper argues that realistic Personalism can be integrated into virtue-based business ethics, giving it a more complete base. More specifically, two principles are proposed: the Personalist Principle (PP) and the Common Good Principle (CGP). The PP includes the Golden Rule and makes explicit the duty of respect, benevolence, and care for people, emphasizing human dignity and the innate rights of every human being. (...)
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  3. The Firm as a “Community of Persons”: A Pillar of Humanistic Business Ethos.Domènec Melé - 2012 - Journal of Business Ethics 106 (1):89-101.
    The article starts by arguing that seeing the firm as a mere nexus of contracts or as an abstract entity where different stakeholder interests concur is insufficient for a “humanistic business ethos”, which entails a complete view of the human being. It seems more appropriate to understand the firm as a human community, a concept which can be found in several sources, including managerial literature, business ethics scholars, and Catholic Social Teaching. In addition, there are also philosophical grounds that support (...)
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  4. Business Ethics in Action: Seeking Human Excellence in Organizations.Domènec Melé - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    The role of ethics in business -- Business in society : beyond the market and laws? -- Cultural diversity and international standards for business -- Ethics, at the core of the human action -- Individual responsibility and moral judgments in business -- Frequent ethical issues in business -- The purpose of the firm and mision-driven management -- Use and misuse of power -- Human virtues in leadership of organizations -- Ethics in organizational cultures and structures.
     
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  5.  38
    The Challenge of Humanistic Management.Domènec Melé - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1):77 - 88.
    According to the origin of the word "humanism" and the concept of humanitas where the former comes from, management could be called humanistic when its outlook emphasizes common human needs and is oriented to the development of human virtue, in all its forms, to its fullest extent. A first approach to humanistic management, although quite incomplete, was developed mainly in the middle of the 20th century. It was centered on human motivations. A second approach to humanistic management sprang up in (...)
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  6.  20
    Christian Ethics and Spirituality in Leading Business Organizations: Editorial Introduction.Domènec Melé & Joan Fontrodona - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 145 (4):671-679.
    Christian ethics applied to economics and business has a long tradition. This dates back at least to the thirteenth century, with noteworthy developments in the four following centuries and again in the last century. Christian faith and reason intertwine to bring about principles, criteria, and guidelines for action and a set of virtues with relevance for economic activity. Christian spirituality, with 2000 years of history, has been embedded in Christianity from its beginning, but the application to modern business activity is (...)
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  7.  87
    Ethical Education in Accounting: Integrating Rules, Values and Virtues. [REVIEW]Domènec Melé - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (1):97 - 109.
    Ethics in accounting and ethical education have seen an increase in interest in the last decade. However, despite the renewed interest some important shortcomings persist. Generally, rules, principles, values and virtues are presented in a fragmented fashion. In addition, only a few authors consider the role of the accountants character in presenting relevant and truthful information in financial reporting and the importance of practical reasoning in accounting. This article holds that rules, values and virtues are interconnected. This provides a sound (...)
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  8.  40
    Organizational Humanizing Cultures: Do They Generate Social Capital? [REVIEW]Domènec Melé - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1-2):3 - 14.
    An organizational culture can be defined as "Organizational Humanizing Culture" if it presents the following features: (1) recognition of the person in his or her dignity, rights, uniqueness, sociability and capacity for personal growth, (2) respect for persons and their human rights, (3) care and service for persons around one, and (4) management towards the common good versus particular interests. Current findings and generalized experience suggest that an organizational culture with these features tends to bring about trust and associability, which (...)
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  9.  54
    Exploring the Principle of Subsidiarity in Organisational Forms.Domènec Melé - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (3):293-305.
    The paper starts with a case study of a medium-sized company in which a strong and successful change in the organisational form and job design took place. A bureaucratic organisation with highly-specialised jobs was converted into a new organisation in which employees became much more autonomous in managing their own work. This not only entailed new techniques and managerial systems but also a new anthropological vision. Bureaucratic rules were reduced, but not eliminated completely, and management became less authoritarian. Employees could (...)
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  10.  40
    Cultural Diversity and Universal Ethics in a Global World.Domènec Melé & Carlos Sánchez-Runde - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4):681-687.
    Cultural diversity and globalization bring about a tension between universal ethics and local values and norms. Simultaneously, the current globalization and the existence of an increasingly interconnected world seem to require a common ground to promote dialog, peace, and a more humane world. This article is the introduction to a special issue of the Journal of Business Ethics regarding these problems. We highlight five topics, which intertwine the eight papers of this issue. The first is whether moral diversity in different (...)
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  11.  26
    Facing the Crisis: Toward a New Humanistic Synthesis for Business. [REVIEW]Domènec Melé, Antonio Argandoña & Carlos Sanchez-Runde - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 99 (1):1 - 4.
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  12.  65
    Can an Sme Become a Global Corporate Citizen? Evidence From a Case Study.Heidi Weltzien Hoivivonk & Domènec Melé - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):551-563.
    Global Corporate Citizenship (GCC) continues to become increasingly popular in large corporations. However, this concept has rarely been considered in small and medium size enterprises (SMEs). A case study of a Norwegian clothing company illustrates how GCC can be also applied to small companies. This case study also shows that SMEs can be very innovative in exercising corporate citizenship, without necessarily following the patterns of large multinational companies. The company studied engages as partner in some voluntary labor initiatives promoted by (...)
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  13.  6
    Ethics in Finance and Accounting: Editorial Introduction.Domènec Melé, Josep M. Rosanas & Joan Fontrodona - 2017 - Journal of Business Ethics 140 (4):609-613.
    In light of the recent crisis and its aftershocks, it becomes crucial to reflect on the relationship between finance and accounting and on how to integrate ethics and efficiency, as well as on how to motivate and empower practitioners in the world of finance to commit to justice, fairness and enhanced understanding, and to improving their personal integrity. This article, written as an editorial introduction to a special issue includes works related to control measurement and ethical behavior, misbehaviors in finances (...)
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  14.  41
    Corporate Ethical Policies in Large Corporations in Argentina, Brazil and Spain.Domènec Melé, Patricia Debeljuh & M. Cecilia Arruda - 2006 - Journal of Business Ethics 63 (1):21-38.
    This paper examines the status of Corporate Ethical Policies (CEP) in large companies in Argentina, Brazil and Spain, with a special emphasis on Corporate Ethics Statements (CES), documents that define the firms’ philosophy, values and norms of conduct. It is based on a survey of the 500 largest companies in these nations. The findings reveal many similarities between these countries. Among other things, it emerges that most companies give consideration to ethics in business and have adopted some kind of formal (...)
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  15.  52
    Managing Ethically Cultural Diversity: Learning From Thomas Aquinas.João César das Neves & Domènec Melé - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 116 (4):769-780.
    Cultural diversity is an inescapable reality and a concern in many businesses where it can often raise ethical questions and dilemmas. This paper aims to offer suggestions to certain problems facing managers in dealing with cultural diversity through the inspiration of Thomas Aquinas. Although he may be perceived as a voice from the distant past, we can still find in his writings helpful and original ideas and criteria. He welcomes cultural differences as a part of the perfection of the universe. (...)
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  16.  27
    Integrating Ethics Into Management.Domènec Melé - 2008 - Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):291-297.
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  17.  40
    European Vs. American Approaches to Institutionalisation of Business Ethics: The Spanish Case.Manuel Guillén, Domènec Melé & Patrick Murphy - 2002 - Business Ethics: A European Review 11 (2):167-178.
  18.  20
    Moral Legitimacy in Controversial Projects and Its Relationship with Social License to Operate: A Case Study.Domènec Melé & Jaume Armengou - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 136 (4):729-742.
    Moral legitimacy entails intrinsic value and helps executives convince firm’s stakeholders and the general public of the ethical acceptability of an institution or its activities or projects. Social license to operate is the social approval of those affected by a certain business activity, and it is receiving increasing attention, especially in the context of controversial projects such as mining and public works. Moral legitimacy provides ethical support to SLO. Drawing from the Aristotelian-Thomistic tradition and taking substantive justice and the common (...)
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  19.  30
    “Human Quality Treatment”: Five Organizational Levels.Domènec Melé - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (4):457-471.
    Quality is commonly applied to products and processes, but we can also define human quality in dealing with people. This requires first establishing what treatment is appropriate to the human condition. Through an inquiry into the characteristics that define the human being and what ethical requirements constitute a good treatment, we define “Human Quality Treatment” as dealing with persons in a way appropriate to the human condition, which entails acting with respect for their human dignity and rights, caring for their (...)
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  20.  12
    Editorial Introduction: Towards a More Humanistic Management.Domènec Melé - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 88 (S3):413 - 416.
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  21.  9
    Re-Thinking Capitalism: What We Can Learn From Scholasticism?Domènec Melé - 2016 - Journal of Business Ethics 133 (2):293-304.
    The macro-level business ethics in Scholasticism contrasts with modern Anglo-Saxon Capitalism, which is very influential worldwide. Scholasticism, developed between the thirteenth and the mid-seventeenth centuries, deals with key elements of free market morality, including private property, contracts, profits, prices, and free competition. For over 500 years Scholasticism tried to understand economic phenomena and business activities and reflected on them from an ethical perspective. Scholasticism offered the crucial lesson of the centrality of justice and the role of practical wisdom in considering (...)
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  22.  13
    The Practice of Networking: An Ethical Approach.Domènec Melé - 2009 - Journal of Business Ethics 90 (S4):487 - 503.
    Focusing on the virtue-ethics tradition, this article analyzes the practice of networking within the business context. First, it distinguishes three types of networking: utilitarian, emotional, and virtuous. Virtuous networking does not exclude utilitarian and emotional networking, but these latter forms should be practiced with reciprocity. It is argued that virtuous networking requires (1) acting with good faith, sharing honest goals, and participating in licit activities; (2) sharing information, knowledge, and resources with reciprocity and even with gratuity; (3) serving with justice (...)
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  23.  7
    Scholastic Thought and Business Ethics: An Overview.Domènec Melé - 2013 - In Christopher Luetege (ed.), Handbook of the Philosophical Foundations of Business Ethics. Springer. pp. 133--158.
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  24.  36
    Loyalty in Business: Subversive Doctrine or Real Need?Domènec Mele - 2001 - Business Ethics Quarterly 11 (1):11-26.
    Loyalty within the firm, though praised by some, is criticized by others. An analysis of the historical and current significance of theconcept of loyalty can aid in both understanding its critics and responding to them. Loyalty in the business world is generallyunderstood in three ways: i) transactional retention, ii) sentimental attraction, and iii) willingness to commit oneself. In the third type,the commitment to adhere to a person, cause, or institution may contribute to human flourishing and therefore generate the humanvirtue of (...)
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  25.  4
    The “Freely Adaptive System”. Application of This Cybernetic Model to an Organization Formed by Two Dynamic Human Systems.Domènec Melé, M. Nuria Chinchilla & Marta López-Jurado - 2019 - Philosophy of Management 18 (1):89-106.
    Management cybernetics has been in development since the 1960s, although its implementation has been relatively modest. Two of the best-known proposals are Beer’s Viable System Model and Steinbruner’s Cybernetic Theory of Decision. Both are homeostatic systems, inspired by living organisms. Professor Juan A. Pérez López argued that homeostatic systems are not fully appropriated for human beings, and proposed instead the “Freely Adaptive System” model to explain the dynamics of an organization formed by two dynamic human systems. This model, although it (...)
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  26.  3
    Organizational Factors in the Individual Ethical Behaviour. The Notion of the “Organizational Moral Structure”.Paulina Roszkowska & Domènec Melé - forthcoming - Humanistic Management Journal:1-23.
    Various organizational factors reported in the hitherto literature affect individual behaviour within a company. In this paper, we conduct a literature review thereof, and propose a notion of the “Organizational Moral Structure” defined as a comprehensive framework of interrelated organizational factors that condition, incite or influence good or bad moral behaviour of individuals within the organization. Drawing from a wide bibliographical review and our own reflection on recent business scandals, we identify seven constituents of the “Organizational Moral Structure”: 1) leader’s (...)
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  27.  2
    Religious Approaches on Business Ethics: Current Situation and Future Perspectives.Domènec Melé - 2015 - Ramon Llull Journal of Applied Ethics 6 (6):137-160.
    The Business Ethics Movement began in the mid-1970s. For the first two decades philosophical theories were dominant, but in recent years an increasing presence of religious approaches, in both empirical and conceptual research, can be noted, in spite of some objections to the presence of religions in the business ethics field. Empirical research, generally based on psychological and sociological studies, shows the influence of religious faith on several business issues. Conceptual research includes a variety of business ethics issues studied from (...)
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  28.  28
    Early Business Ethics in Spain: The Salamanca School (1526--1614). [REVIEW]Domènec Melé - 1999 - Journal of Business Ethics 22 (3):175 - 189.
    Business ethics is not a novelty: it has important antecedents, among which we find the Spanish "Salamanca School". Its most brilliant period was during the sixteenth and early seventeenth century, a historical epoch when Spain was one of the principal centers of commerce in Europe. In this article, we present a panoramic view of business ethics as developed by this school and discuss its potential contributions to new developments in business ethics. The Salamanca School was primarily focused on action, yet (...)
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  29.  46
    The View and Purpose of the Firm in Freeman’s Stakeholder Theory.Domènec Melé - 2009 - Philosophy of Management 8 (3):3-13.
    Stakeholder Theory, presented by R. Edward Freeman, is a managerial theory which sees the firm as ‘connected networks of stakeholder interests’. The purpose of the firm in Freeman’s theory is ‘value creation and trade’ and ‘creation of value for each appropriate stakeholder’. This article argues that although ST presents important insights, its view of the firm is incomplete and its vision of the purpose of the business in society needs to be refined.
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  30.  19
    Philosophy as a Base for Management: An Aristotelian Integrative Proposal.Juan Fontrodona & Domènec Melé - 2002 - Philosophy of Management 2 (2):3-9.
    Current theories of management have difficulty overcoming certain problems and limitations related to some features of the field itself: multiplicity, multidisciplinarity, fragmentation, presence or lack of paradigms, self-referentiality, and ethnocentrism. This paper first reviews these issues broadly. Then, itemphasises the preponderance of the scientific method and the exclusion of philosophy as theoretical foundations for management. It proposes taking philosophy as the science to provide the foundations of management. It explains how philosophy - especially philosophy that has its roots in Aristotelian (...)
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  31.  10
    Humanism in Economics and Business.Martin Schlag & Domènec Melé (eds.) - 2015 - Springer Verlag.
    The aim of this chapter is to reflect and provide a tentative answer to the question posited in the title. The first section provides a brief summary of the origin of that “humanism” typical of Modernity. The second section attempts to demonstrate the intrinsically individualistic and atheistic dimension entailed in this Modernist vision of man. In the third part, which can be considered the nucleus of this chapter, we present an exposition of how, from the basic characteristics of this “humanistic” (...)
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  32.  4
    Understanding Humanistic Management.Domenec Melé - 2016 - Humanistic Management Journal 1 (1):33-55.
    Humanistic management is a people-oriented management that seeks profits for human ends. It contrasts with other types of management that are essentially oriented toward profits, with people seen as mere resources to serve this goal. This article reviews the historical development of humanistic management and the ever-increasing body of literature on the concept as well as the different meanings that scholars attribute to it. It then explores what form a genuine humanism might have by presenting seven propositions labeled as: 1) (...)
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  33.  48
    Power, Freedom and Authority in Management: Mary Parker Follett’s ‘Power-With’.Domènec Melé & Josep Rosanas - 2003 - Philosophy of Management 3 (2):35-46.
    Power is one of the key ideas in management, and so is the concept of authority. However, most studies on power are rather instrumental, dealing with the place of power in management, and how to achieve it. Less attention has been paid to the essential concepts of power and authority themselves in managementthought and how they have evolved. To clarify these concepts, and to better understand the notions of power and authority in management and their proper use in organisations, this (...)
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  34.  11
    Aquinas and the Market: Toward a Humane Economy, by Mary L. Hirschfeld. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2018. 288 Pp. [REVIEW]Domènec Melé & Alfredo Pastor - 2019 - Business Ethics Quarterly 29 (3):425-428.
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  35. Human Development in Business: Values and Humanistic Management in the Encyclical Caritas in Veritate.Domènec Melé & Claus Dierksmeier (eds.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    A significant voice in encouraging the theoretical development and practical implementation of humanistic management is Pope Benedict XVI. In his Encyclical Letter Caritas in Veritate, published in 2009, he proposed a new humanistic synthesis to realign the economy with its social purpose. The aim of this book is to interpret, comment, and develop aspects of this Encyclical Letter which are significant for economic and business activity and contribute to humanistic management. The authors, specialists in their different fields, provide an interdisciplinary (...)
     
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  36. Three Keys Concepts of Catholic Humanism for Economic Activity: Human Dignity, Human Rights and Integral Human Development.Domènec Melé - 2015 - In Martin Schlag & Domènec Melé (eds.), Humanism in Economics and Business. Springer Verlag.
     
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  37.  19
    Introduction.Domènec Melé & Antonio Argandoña - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 44 (1):1 - 2.
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  38.  17
    The Encyclical-Letter “Caritas in Veritate”: Ethical Challenges for Business. [REVIEW]Domènec Melé & Michael Naughton - 2011 - Journal of Business Ethics 100 (S1):1-7.
    This article serves as an editorial introduction to this special issue on Pope Benedict’s encyclical-letter, Caritas in Veritate ( 2009 ) and its engagement with the field of business ethics. According to this document , love in truth, which includes justice, is indeed presented as a basic moral foundation for economic and business ethics. The article provides an overview of some major themes in the encyclical and their relationship to the essays in this special issue. The authors in this issue (...)
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  39.  26
    Organization of Work in the Company and Family Rights of the Employees.Domènec Melé - 1989 - Journal of Business Ethics 8 (8):647 - 655.
    The duty to respect, protect and help the family rights is related very closely with the organization of work in the firm. This paper summarizes and illustrates, using mini-case studies, the relationship between the organization of work in companies and the family rights and duties of employees.
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  40.  28
    Ethics in Accounting and Accountability: Editorial Introduction. [REVIEW]Domènec Melé & Josep M. Rosanas - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 57 (1):1 - 3.
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  41.  6
    Political Wisdom in Management and Corporate Governance.Ricardo Calleja & Domènec Melé - 2016 - Philosophy of Management 15 (2):99-119.
    In response to conventional rationalistic approaches to management and corporate governance, the Aristotelian tradition is emerging as a basis for alternative theories in which practical wisdom is central. This paper, following Aristotle and Thomas Aquinas, considers the specificity of “political wisdom” -directed to the common good- as being different from individual practical wisdom. We suggest that the business firm is a “political community”, understood as a whole formed by free and intelligent individuals called to cooperate for common goals and to (...)
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  42.  5
    Sustaining Humanity Beyond Humanism: Editorial Introduction. [REVIEW]Annette Kleinfeld, Stephan Cludts & Domènec Melé - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 45 (1/2):1 - 2.
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  43. Christian Humanism in Economics and Business.Martin Schlag & Domènec Melé - 2015 - In Martin Schlag & Domènec Melé (eds.), Humanism in Economics and Business. Springer Verlag.
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