Results for 'Dominik Kowalski'

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  1. Kultura dyskusji.Dominik Kowalski - 2008 - Estetyka I Krytyka 1 (1):149-160.
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  2. Argumentacja I Racjonalna Zmiana Przekonán.Wojciech Suchoń, Irena Trzcieniecka-Schneider & Dominik Kowalski (eds.) - 2010 - Wydawn. Uniwersytetu Jagiellońskiego.
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  3.  6
    Kowalski.Ludwik Kowalski - 1990 - Inquiry: Critical Thinking Across the Disciplines 5 (1):15-15.
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  4.  15
    Kowalski (From Page 13).Ludwik Kowalski - 1990 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 5 (1):15-15.
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  5.  4
    Dominik Finkeide (Paris): Streit Um Paulus. Annäherungen an Die Lektüren von Alain Badiou, Giorgio Agamben Und Slavoj Zizek.Dominik Finkelde - 2006 - Philosophische Rundschau 53 (4):303 - 331.
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  6. Autobiografia/Józef Kremer; przygotował do druku Edmund Kowalski.Edmund Kowalski & Józef Kremer - 1992 - Archiwum Historii Filozofii I Myśli Społecznej 37.
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  7.  5
    Logic for Problem Solving.Robert Kowalski - 1979
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  8.  38
    The Ethics of Clinical Care and the Ethics of Clinical Research: Yin and Yang.Charles J. Kowalski, Raymond J. Hutchinson & Adam J. Mrdjenovich - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (1):7-32.
    The Belmont Report’s distinction between research and the practice of accepted therapy has led various authors to suggest that these purportedly distinct activities should be governed by different ethical principles. We consider some of the ethical consequences of attempts to separate the two and conclude that separation fails along ontological, ethical, and epistemological dimensions. Clinical practice and clinical research, as with yin and yang, can be thought of as complementary forces interacting to form a dynamic system in which the whole (...)
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  9. Accuracy and Credal Imprecision.Dominik Berger & Nilanjan Das - 2020 - Noûs 54 (3):666-703.
    Many have claimed that epistemic rationality sometimes requires us to have imprecise credal states (i.e. credal states representable only by sets of credence functions) rather than precise ones (i.e. credal states representable by single credence functions). Some writers have recently argued that this claim conflicts with accuracy-centered epistemology, i.e., the project of justifying epistemic norms by appealing solely to the overall accuracy of the doxastic states they recommend. But these arguments are far from decisive. In this essay, we prove some (...)
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  10.  31
    Analytic Cut and Interpolation for Bi-Intuitionistic Logic.Tomasz Kowalski & Hiroakira Ono - 2017 - Review of Symbolic Logic 10 (2):259-283.
    We prove that certain natural sequent systems for bi-intuitionistic logic have the analytic cut property. In the process we show that the (global) subformula property implies the (local) analytic cut property, thereby demonstrating their equivalence. Applying a version of Maehara technique modified in several ways, we prove that bi-intuitionistic logic enjoys the classical Craig interpolation property and Maximova variable separation property; its Halldén completeness follows.
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  11.  16
    A Note on Monothetic BCI.Tomasz Kowalski & Sam Butchart - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (4):541-544.
    In "Variations on a theme of Curry," Humberstone conjectured that a certain logic, intermediate between BCI and BCK, is none other than monothetic BCI—the smallest extension of BCI in which all theorems are provably equivalent. In this note, we present a proof of this conjecture.
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  12.  34
    Theories of Cognition in the Later Middle Ages. [REVIEW]Dominik Perler - 1999 - Philosophical Review 108 (1):143-146.
    Historians of philosophy often credit Descartes, Locke, and other seventeenth-century authors with having introduced one of the most vexing problems into epistemology: the problem of mental representations. For these authors claimed that our knowledge of the external world is always mediated by mental representations, so that we have immediate access only to these representations, the ideas in our mind. As is well known, this “veil-of-ideas epistemology” gave rise to a number of skeptical questions. How can we be certain that our (...)
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  13.  36
    Credence as Doxastic Tendency.Dominik Kauss - 2020 - Synthese 197 (10):4495-4518.
    This paper addresses the ongoing debate over the relation between belief and credence. A proposal is made to reverse the currently predominant order of analysis, by taking belief as conceptually basic and credence as the phenomenon to be clarified. In brief, the proposal is to explicate an agent’s credence in a proposition P as the agent’s tendency toward believing P. Platitudinous as this reduction may seem, it runs counter to all of the major positions in the debate, including the Threshold (...)
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  14.  39
    Outcomes in Branching Space-Time and GHZ-Bell Theorems.Tomasz Kowalski & Tomasz Placek - 1999 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 50 (3):349-375.
    The paper intends to provide an algebraic framework in which subluminal causation can be analysed. The framework merges Belnap's 'outcomes in branching time' with his 'branching space-time' (BST). it is shown that an important structure in BST, called 'family of outcomes of an event', is a boolean algebra. We define next non-stochastic common cause and analyse GHZ-Bell theorems. We prove that there is no common cause that accounts for results of GHZ-Bell experiment but construct common causes for two other quantum (...)
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  15.  15
    Schemata, CONSORT, and the Salk Polio Vaccine Trial.Charles J. Kowalski & Adam J. Mrdjenovich - 2018 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 43 (1):64-82.
    In this essay, we defend the design of the Salk polio vaccine trial and try to put some limits on the role schemata should play in designing clinical research studies. Our presentation is structured as a response to de Freitas and Pietrobon who identified the CONSORT statement as a schema that would have, had it existed at the time, ruled out the design of the Salk polio vaccine trial of 1954 in favor of a completely randomized controlled clinical trial. We (...)
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  16.  39
    Semisimplicity, EDPC and Discriminator Varieties of Residuated Lattices.Tomasz Kowalski - 2004 - Studia Logica 77 (2):255 - 265.
    We prove that all semisimple varieties of FL ew-algebras are discriminator varieties. A characterisation of discriminator and EDPC varieties of FL ew-algebras follows. It matches exactly a natural classification of logics over FL ew proposed by H. Ono.
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  17.  31
    Semisimple Varieties of Modal Algebras.Tomasz Kowalski & Marcus Kracht - 2006 - Studia Logica 83 (1-3):351-363.
    In this paper we show that a variety of modal algebras of finite type is semisimple iff it is discriminator iff it is both weakly transitive and cyclic. This fact has been claimed already in [4] (based on joint work by the two authors) but the proof was fatally flawed.
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  18.  39
    Residuated Lattices: An Algebraic Glimpse at Substructural Logics.Nikolaos Galatos, Peter Jipsen, Tomasz Kowalski & Hiroakira Ono - 2007 - Elsevier.
    This is also where we begin investigating lattices of logics and varieties, rather than particular examples.
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  19.  32
    Abstract Argumentation.Robert A. Kowalski & Francesca Toni - 1996 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 4 (3-4):275-296.
    In this paper we explore the thesis that the role of argumentation in practical reasoning in general and legal reasoning in particular is to justify the use of defeasible rules to derive a conclusion in preference to the use of other defeasible rules to derive a conflicting conclusion. The defeasibility of rules is expressed by means of non-provability claims as additional conditions of the rules.We outline an abstract approach to defeasible reasoning and argumentation which includes many existing formalisms, including default (...)
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  20. Ancient and Medieval Theories of Intentionality.Dominik Perler (ed.) - 2001 - Brill.
    This volume analyses ancient and medieval theories of intentionality in various contexts: perception, imagination, and intellectual thinking.
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  21.  11
    Comparative Effectiveness Research: Decision-Based Evidence.Charles Joseph Kowalski & Adam Joel Mrdjenovich - 2014 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 57 (2):224-248.
    Survival of the fittest in evolutionary biology has a counterpart in the evolution of research paradigms. It’s called survival of the funded, and there is a sense in which paradigms are even more adaptable than species. Whereas species may become extinct if their fitness declines below a critical threshold, paradigms can rise again, perhaps with a new name, following fiscal collapse, provided only that funding is once again made available.A current example is the born-again concept of comparative effectiveness research , (...)
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  22.  14
    Legitimation Work Within a Cross-Sector Social Partnership.Dominik Rueede & Karin Kreutzer - 2015 - Journal of Business Ethics 128 (1):39-58.
    This study illuminates how a cross-sector social partnership legitimizes itself toward multiple internal and external stakeholders. Within a single-case study design, we collected retrospective and real time data on the partnership between Deutsche Post DHL and The United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs. Within this partnership, Deutsche Post DHL provides corporate volunteers that support disaster response after natural disasters on a pro bono basis. The main objects that needed legitimacy as well as the audiences from which legitimacy (...)
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  23.  76
    Carnap, Goguen, and the Hyperontologies: Logical Pluralism and Heterogeneous Structuring in Ontology Design. [REVIEW]Dominik Lücke - 2010 - Logica Universalis 4 (2):255-333.
    This paper addresses questions of universality related to ontological engineering, namely aims at substantiating (negative) answers to the following three basic questions: (i) Is there a ‘universal ontology’?, (ii) Is there a ‘universal formal ontology language’?, and (iii) Is there a universally applicable ‘mode of reasoning’ for formal ontologies? To support our answers in a principled way, we present a general framework for the design of formal ontologies resting on two main principles: firstly, we endorse Rudolf Carnap’s principle of logical (...)
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  24.  25
    Gibt Es so Etwas Wie Intellektuelle Toleranz?Dominik Balg - 2020 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 97 (2):319-342.
    In this article, it will be argued that tolerance is not necessarily a political or ethical, but rather an abstract attitude that can be applied to many different dimensions of normative evaluation. More specifically, it will be argued that there are genuinely intellectual forms of tolerance that are epistemically motivated and that need to be assessed on purely epistemic grounds. To establish this claim, an abstract characterization of tolerance will be applied to the epistemic phenomenon of disagreement in order to (...)
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  25.  29
    The Use of Logical Models in Legal Problem Solving.Robert Kowalski & Marek Sergot - 1990 - Ratio Juris 3 (2):201-218.
  26.  12
    Suárez on the Unity of Material Substances.Dominik Perler - 2020 - Vivarium 58 (3):143-167.
    Many late medieval Aristotelians assumed that a natural substance has several substantial forms in addition to matter as really distinct parts. This assumption gave rise to a unity problem: why is a substance more than a conglomeration of all these parts? This paper discusses Francisco Suárez’s answer. It first shows that he rejected the idea that there is a plurality of forms, emphasizing instead that each substance has a single form and hence a single structuring principle. It then examines his (...)
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  27. Occasionalismus. Theorien der Kausalität im arabisch-islamischen und im europäischen Denken.Dominik Perler & Ulrich Rudolph - 2000 - Göttingen, Deutschland: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht.
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  28.  30
    When Ethics Precludes Randomization: Put Prospective, Matched-Pair Observational Studies to Work.Charles Joseph Kowalski - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (2):184-197.
    In a recent paper in this journal, John Worrall (2008) used the example of a series of trials involving extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), a technology for the treatment of respiratory failure in newborns, to illustrate the relationship between ethics and epistemology in medical research. One of the issues considered was whether or not it was ethical to perform a particular clinical trial at all, and he showed clearly that the answer was intimately related to epistemological judgments about the weight to (...)
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  29.  30
    Patient Preference Clinical Trials: Why and When They Will Sometimes Be Preferred.Charles Joseph Kowalski & Adam Joel Mrdjenovich - 2013 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 56 (1):18-35.
    David Sackett and Jack Wennberg have each introduced and developed ideas and methods that have had major impacts on how we think about and perform clinical research. Sackett is best known for his work in Evidence-Based Medicine (Sackett et al. 1997); Wennberg, upon noting wide geographic (and other) variations in best practices for the same conditions, stressed the importance of comparative effectiveness in clinical decision-making (Wennberg et al. 1993). When these two collaborated in an editorial about the current state of (...)
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  30.  17
    Pragmatic Problems with Clinical Equipoise.Charles J. Kowalski - 2010 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 53 (2):161-173.
  31.  15
    Zweifel und Gewissheit: Skeptische Debatten im Mittelalter.Dominik Perler - 2006 - Frankfurt a.M.: Klostermann.
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  32. Faculties in Medieval Philosophy.Dominik Perler - 2015 - In The Faculties: A History. Oxford University Press. pp. 97-139.
  33.  41
    Quasi-Subtractive Varieties.Tomasz Kowalski, Francesco Paoli & Matthew Spinks - 2011 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 76 (4):1261-1286.
    Varieties like groups, rings, or Boolean algebras have the property that, in any of their members, the lattice of congruences is isomorphic to a lattice of more manageable objects, for example normal subgroups of groups, two-sided ideals of rings, filters (or ideals) of Boolean algebras.algebraic logic can explain these phenomena at a rather satisfactory level of generality: in every member A of a τ-regular variety the lattice of congruences of A is isomorphic to the lattice of deductive filters on (...)
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  34.  15
    Weakly Associative Relation Algebras Hold the Key to the Universe.Tomasz Kowalski - 2007 - Bulletin of the Section of Logic 36 (3/4):145-157.
  35.  11
    Ritual, Self and Yoga: On the Ways and Goals of Salvation in the Kaṭha Upaniṣad.Dominik Haas - 2019 - Journal of Indian Philosophy 47 (5):1019-1052.
    Throughout its history, the renowned Kaṭha Upaniṣad has often been described as being both incoherent and contradictory. The aim of this paper is to show to what purpose the text was created. To this end, it discusses the connection of the three paths to salvation depicted in the text, viz. the Agnicayana, the Upaniṣadic method of self-knowledge, and yoga. The first part retraces how in the Upaniṣads, the Agnicayana was transformed into a non-material or mental ritual and linked with self-knowledge. (...)
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  36.  36
    Suárez on Consciousness.Dominik Perler - 2014 - Vivarium 52 (3-4):261-286.
    It seems quite natural that we have cognitive access not only to things around us, but also to our own acts of perceiving and thinking. How is this access possible? How is it related to the access we have to external things? And how certain is it? This paper discusses these questions by focusing on Francisco Suárez’s theory, which gives an account of various forms of access to oneself and thereby presents an elaborate theory of consciousness. It argues that Suárez (...)
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  37.  43
    Understanding (with) Toy Models.Alexander Reutlinger, Dominik Hangleiter & Stephan Hartmann - 2018 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 69 (4):1069-1099.
    Toy models are highly idealized and extremely simple models. Although they are omnipresent across scientific disciplines, toy models are a surprisingly under-appreciated subject in the philosophy of science. The main philosophical puzzle regarding toy models concerns what the epistemic goal of toy modelling is. One promising proposal for answering this question is the claim that the epistemic goal of toy models is to provide individual scientists with understanding. The aim of this article is to precisely articulate and to defend this (...)
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  38.  28
    Felicitometry: Measuring the 'Quality' in Quality of Life.Charles Kowalski, Steven Pennell & Amiram Vinokur - 2008 - Bioethics 22 (6):307–313.
    Following Bernheim,1 we examine aspects of 'felicitometrics,'2 the measurement of the 'quality' term in Quality of Life (QOL). Bernheim argued that overall QOL is best captured as the Gestalt3 of a global self-assessment and suggested that the Anamnestic Comparative Self Assessment (ACSA) approach, in which subjects' memories of the best and worst times of their lives are used to anchor a Visual Analog Scale (VAS), provided a serious answer to the serious question, 'How have you been?' Bernheim compares and contrasts (...)
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  39.  26
    Placebo Controls: Scientific and Ethical Issues.Charles J. Kowalski - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):33 – 34.
  40.  7
    Duns Scotus's Philosophy of Language.Dominik Perler - 2003 - In Thomas Williams (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to Duns Scotus. Cambridge, Vereinigtes Königreich: Cambridge University Press. pp. 161.
  41.  35
    Sense And Sustainability: The Paradoxes That Sustain.R. Kowalski - 2013 - World Futures 69 (2):75 - 88.
    The Royal Society report updates the anthropogenic impacts on ecosystems services and our inability to rise to this challenge. Sustainable development is argued to be a linguistic device that has been instrumental in deflecting us from addressing the paradox at the heart of the oxymoron. The relationships between the social, environmental, and economic are explored together with the utility of the I = PAT equation, with reference to the Hardin Taboo, Jevons's, and Easterlin's paradoxes. A more prominent role for phronesis (...)
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  42.  15
    BCK is Not Structurally Complete.Tomasz Kowalski - 2014 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 55 (2):197-204.
    We exhibit a simple inference rule, which is admissible but not derivable in BCK, proving that BCK is not structurally complete. The argument is proof-theoretical.
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  43.  16
    Libet’s Experiment: A Complex Replication.Tomáš Dominik, Daniel Dostál, Martin Zielina, Jan Šmahaj, Zuzana Sedláčková & Roman Procházka - 2018 - Consciousness and Cognition 65:1-26.
  44.  23
    Seeing and Judging: Ockham and Wodeham on Sensory Cognition.Dominik Perler - 2008 - In Kärkkäinen Knuuttila (ed.), Theories of Perception in Medieval and Early Modern Philosophy. pp. 151--169.
  45.  12
    Changing Types: Information Dynamics for Qualitative Type Spaces.Dominik Klein & Eric Pacuit - 2014 - Studia Logica 102 (2):297-319.
    Many different approaches to describing the players’ knowledge and beliefs can be found in the literature on the epistemic foundations of game theory. We focus here on non-probabilistic approaches. The two most prominent are the so-called Kripkeor Aumann- structures and knowledge structures (non-probabilistic variants of Harsanyi type spaces). Much of the recent work on Kripke structures has focused on dynamic extensions and simple ways of incorporating these. We argue that many of these ideas can be applied to knowledge structures as (...)
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  46.  30
    Felicitometric Hermeneutics: Interpreting Quality of Life Measurements.Charles J. Kowalski, Jan L. Bernheim, Nancy Adair Birk & Peter Theuns - 2012 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 33 (3):207-220.
    The use of quality of life (QOL) outcomes in clinical trials is increasing as a number of practical, ethical, methodological, and regulatory reasons for their use have become apparent. It is important, then, that QOL measurements and differences between QOL scores be readily interpretable. We study interpretation in two contexts: when determining QOL and when basing decisions on QOL differences. We consider both clinical situations involving individual patients and research contexts, e.g., randomized clinical trials, involving groups of patients. We note (...)
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  47.  90
    Was There a Pyrrhonian Crisis in Early Modern Philosophy? A Critical Notice of Richard H. Popkin.Dominik Perler - 2004 - Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 86 (2):209-220.
  48.  13
    Le'sniewski's Ontology Extended with the Axiom of Choice.James Kowalski - 1977 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 18 (1):1-78.
  49. Understanding (With) Toy Models.Alexander Reutlinger, Dominik Hangleiter & Stephan Hartmann - 2016 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science:axx005.
    Toy models are highly idealized and extremely simple models. Although they are omnipresent across scientific disciplines, toy models are a surprisingly under-appreciated subject in the philosophy of science. The main philosophical puzzle regarding toy models is that it is an unsettled question what the epistemic goal of toy modeling is. One promising proposal for answering this question is the claim that the epistemic goal of toy models is to provide individual scientists with understanding. The aim of this paper is to (...)
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  50.  28
    Knowledge, Belief, Normality, and Introspection.Dominik Klein, Olivier Roy & Norbert Gratzl - 2017 - Synthese 195 (10):4343-4372.
    We study two logics of knowledge and belief stemming from the work of Stalnaker, omitting positive introspection for knowledge. The two systems are equivalent with positive introspection, but not without. We show that while the logic of beliefs remains unaffected by omitting introspection for knowledge in one system, it brings significant changes to the other. The resulting logic of belief is non-normal, and its complete axiomatization uses an infinite hierarchy of coherence constraints. We conclude by returning to the philosophical interpretation (...)
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