Results for 'Dominique E. Martin'

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  1.  18
    Certainty, Science, and the Brain-Based Definition of Death.Dominique E. Martin, Cynthia Forlini & Emma Tumilty - 2023 - American Journal of Bioethics Neuroscience 14 (3):279-282.
    Nair-Collins and Joffe (2023) highlight the complexities inherent to the clinical diagnosis of death by neurologic criteria and inconsistencies between legal, scientific, and clinical standards for...
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  2.  18
    Banking on Living Kidney Donors—A New Way to Facilitate Donation without Compromising on Ethical Values.Dominique E. Martin & Gabriel M. Danovitch - 2017 - Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 42 (5):537-558.
    Public surveys conducted in many countries report widespread willingness of individuals to donate a kidney while alive to a family member or close friend, yet thousands suffer and many die each year while waiting for a kidney transplant. Advocates of financial incentive programs or “regulated markets” in kidneys present the problem of the kidney shortage as one of insufficient public motivation to donate, arguing that incentives will increase the number of donors. Others believe the solutions lie—at least in part—in facilitating (...)
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  3.  3
    7. Deciding about Living Organ Donation.Dominique E. Martin - 2021 - In Solveig Lena Hansen & Silke Schicktanz (eds.), Ethical Challenges of Organ Transplantation. Transcript Verlag. pp. 133-150.
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  4.  26
    Pediatric Donation After Circulatory Determination of Death: Respecting the Interests of Children Through Routine Consideration of Donation Opportunities.Dominique E. Martin, Marion J. Siebelink & Beatriz Domínguez-Gil - 2015 - American Journal of Bioethics 15 (8):23-25.
  5.  54
    The Red Market: On the Trail of the World’s Organ Brokers, Bone Thieves, Blood Farmers, and Child Traffickers: Scott Carney, 2011, William Morrow. [REVIEW]Dominique E. Martin - 2012 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 9 (2):205-207.
    The Red Market: On the Trail of the World’s Organ Brokers, Bone Thieves, Blood Farmers, and Child Traffickers Content Type Journal Article Category Book Review Pages 1-3 DOI 10.1007/s11673-012-9361-3 Authors Dominique E. Martin, 39 Eltham Street, Flemington, 3031 Australia Journal Journal of Bioethical Inquiry Online ISSN 1872-4353 Print ISSN 1176-7529.
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  6.  15
    A Call for Dialysis-Specific Resource Allocation Guidelines During COVID-19.Jordan A. Parsons & Dominique E. Martin - 2020 - American Journal of Bioethics 20 (7):199-201.
    Volume 20, Issue 7, July 2020, Page 199-201.
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  7.  15
    Transitions in decision-making authority at the end of life: a problem of law, ethics and practice in deceased donation.Shih-Ning Then & Dominique E. Martin - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):112-117.
    Where a person is unable to make medical decisions for themselves, law and practice allows others to make decisions on their behalf. This is common at the end of a person’s life where decision-making capacity is often lost. A further, and separate, decision that is often considered at the time of death (and often preceding death) is whether the person wanted to act as an organ or tissue donor. However, in some jurisdictions, the lawful decision-maker for the donation decision (the (...)
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  8.  16
    Uterus Transplantation as a Surgical Innovation.Alicia Pérez-Blanco, José-Antonio Seoane, Teresa Aldabo Pallás, Montserrat Nieto-Moro, Rocío Núñez Calonge, Alfonso de la Fuente & Dominique E. Martin - 2023 - Journal of Bioethical Inquiry 20 (3):367-378.
    Uterus transplantation (UTx) research has been introduced in several countries, with trials in Sweden and the United States producing successful outcomes. The growing interest in developing UTx trials in other countries, such as Spain, the Netherlands, Japan, and Australia, raises important questions regarding the ethics of surgical innovation research in the field of UTx. This paper examines the current state of UTx in the context of the surgical innovation paradigm and IDEAL framework and discusses the ethical challenges faced by those (...)
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  9.  90
    Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift.Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
    This volume has 41 chapters written to honor the 100th birthday of Mario Bunge. It celebrates the work of this influential Argentine/Canadian physicist and philosopher. Contributions show the value of Bunge’s science-informed philosophy and his systematic approach to philosophical problems. The chapters explore the exceptionally wide spectrum of Bunge’s contributions to: metaphysics, methodology and philosophy of science, philosophy of mathematics, philosophy of physics, philosophy of psychology, philosophy of social science, philosophy of biology, philosophy of technology, moral philosophy, social and political (...)
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  10.  18
    Histoire du livre.Jean-Dominique Mellot - 2005 - Cultura:27-42.
    A «proto-história» do livro e a história da imprensa foram sobretudo assuntos dos bibliófi­los, dos bibliográficos e dos historiadores da literatura, ou seja, de especialistas ambicionando defender uma identidade, ou de distinguir, na massa da produção impressa ao longo dos sécu­los, o raro, o monumental, o anedótico, o literário... A partir de meados do século XX c com Apparition du Livre (1a Ed. 1958) de Lucien Febvre et Henri-Jean Martin, a história do livro, usufruindo dos desenvolvimentos da sociologia histórica (...)
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  11.  15
    Plagiarism, Integrity, and Workplace Deviance: A Criterion Study.Daniel E. Martin - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):36-50.
    Plagiarism is increasingly evident in business and academia. Though links between demographic, personality, and situational factors have been found, previous research has not used actual plagiarism behavior as a criterion variable. Previous research on academic dishonesty has consistently used self-report measures to establish prevalence of dishonest behavior. In this study we use actual plagiarism behavior to establish its prevalence, as well as relationships between integrity-related personal selection and workplace deviance measures. This research covers new ground in two respects: (a) That (...)
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  12.  36
    Mammalian synthetic biology – from tools to therapies.Dominique Aubel & Martin Fussenegger - 2010 - Bioessays 32 (4):332-345.
    Mammalian synthetic biology holds the promise of providing novel therapeutic strategies, and the first success stories are beginning to be reported. Here we focus on the latest generation of mammalian transgene control devices, highlight state‐of‐the‐art synthetic gene network design, and cover prototype therapeutic circuits. These will have an impact on future gene‐ and cell‐based therapies and help bring drug discovery into a new era. The inventory of biological parts that are essential for life on this planet is becoming increasingly complete. (...)
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  13.  3
    The Mind's I Has Two Eyes: Discussion.J. E. Martin - 1990 - Philosophy 65 (254):510-515.
    In ‘Minds, Machines and Gödel’, 1961, J. R. Lucas proposed that Godel's theorem made possible a refutation of mechanism—the thesis that mind is wholly comprehensible as a consistent, rule-governed machine. A sympathetic reading of Lucas's argument might run something as follows: ‘If I am a machine then it will be possible in principle to give a specification of the consistent formal system, L, that represents me. If this formal system were handed to me, I would be able to prove a (...)
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  14.  10
    TMI (Too Much Information).Kirsten E. Martin - 2011 - Business and Professional Ethics Journal 30 (1-2):1-32.
    Organizations have a vested interest in customers, employees, and users to disclose information within existing expectations of privacy. This empirical examination uses theoretical sampling and experimental design to identify the factors individuals consider when disclosing information within privacy expectations. The findings from a factorial vignette survey are theoretically generalizable and show that an individual’s relationship to the recipient (familiarity) and the degree to which the information is protected from being easily transferred to others (friction) positively influence the odds that disclosure (...)
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  15.  11
    The Influence of Temporal Orientation and Affective Frame on Use of Ethical Decision-Making Strategies.Laura E. Martin - 2011 - Ethics and Behavior 21 (2):127-146.
    This study examined the role of temporal orientation and affective frame in the execution of ethical decision-making strategies. In reflecting on a past experience or imagining a future experience, participants thought about experiences that they considered either positive or negative. The participants recorded their thinking about that experience by responding to several questions, and their responses were content-analyzed for the use of ethical decision-making strategies. The findings indicated that a future temporal orientation was associated with greater strategy use. Likewise, a (...)
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  16.  39
    Maintaining Trust and Credibility in a Continuously Evolving Organic Food System.Martin Hvarregaard Thorsøe - 2015 - Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 28 (4):767-787.
    Credibility is particularly important in organic food systems because there are only marginal visual and sensorial differences between organic and conventionally produced products, requiring consumers to trust in producers’ quality claims. In this article I explore what challenges the credibility of organic food systems and I explore how credibility of organic food systems can be maintained, using the Danish organic food system as a case study. The question is increasingly relevant as the sale of organic food is growing in Denmark (...)
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  17. The 'Argumentum ad Hominem' and Two Theses about Evolutionary Epistemology: "Gödelian" Reflections.James E. Martin - 1991 - Metaphilosophy 22 (1):63.
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  18.  5
    Tacitus.E. Keitel & Ronald Martin - 1983 - American Journal of Philology 104 (1):102.
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  19.  62
    Reading R. S. Peters on Education Today.Stefaan E. Cuypers & Christopher Martin - 2009 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 43 (s1):3-7.
    This introduction to this special issue offers an overview of R. S. Peters' seminal role in the development of modern philosophy of education, acknowledging the originality and range of his work, and indicating his continuing importance to the field. It explains the structure and organisation of the collection and provides a rationale for this body of work as a rereading of Peters in the light of current concerns.
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  20.  63
    Plagiarism, Integrity, and Workplace Deviance: A Criterion Study.Daniel E. Martin PhD, Asha Rao & Lloyd R. Sloan - 2009 - Ethics and Behavior 19 (1):36-50.
    Plagiarism is increasingly evident in business and academia. Though links between demographic, personality, and situational factors have been found, previous research has not used actual plagiarism behavior as a criterion variable. Previous research on academic dishonesty has consistently used self-report measures to establish prevalence of dishonest behavior. In this study we use actual plagiarism behavior to establish its prevalence, as well as relationships between integrity-related personal selection and workplace deviance measures. This research covers new ground in two respects: (a) That (...)
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  21.  11
    Offrandes dans les sanctuaires thasiens (campagnes d’étude 2000-2014).Christine Aubry, Stephanie Huysecom-Haxhi, Jacky Kozlowski, Jean-Jacques Maffre, Arthur Muller, Marie-Dominique Nenna, Martin Perron, Anne Tichit & Christine Walter - 2014 - Bulletin de Correspondance Hellénique 138 (2):665-687.
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  22. Reading R. S. Peters Today: Analysis, Ethics, and the Aims of Education.Stefaan E. Cuypers & Christopher Martin (eds.) - 2011 - Wiley-Blackwell.
    _Reading R. S. Peters Today: Analysis, Ethics and the Aims of Education_ reassesses British philosopher Richard Stanley Peters’ educational writings by examining them against the most recent developments in philosophy and practice. Critically reassesses R. S. Peters, a philosopher who had a profound influence on a generation of educationalists Brings clarity to a number of key educational questions Exposes mainstream, orthodox arguments to sympathetic critical scrutiny.
     
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  23.  13
    Grammatical rules and explanations of behavior.Robert E. Sanders & Larry W. Martin - 1975 - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 18 (1):65 – 82.
    Theories in the behavioral sciences are constrained so that stated relationships are empirically testable and explanations have predictive power. These constraints constitute the classical paradigm, and are trivial just when ?causal relationships? do not hold. It appears that such relationships do not hold for linguistic, and presumably other, behaviors, thus precluding study within the classical paradigm. This compels study of those behaviors in terms of the non?traditional approach to testability and explanation developed in Chomskyan linguistics. These constitute the grammatical paradigm. (...)
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  24.  25
    Chronic and intermittent AIDS: Related bereavement in a panel of homosexual men in New York City.Laura Dean, William E. Hall & John L. Martin - forthcoming - Journal of Palliative Care.
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  25.  29
    Nurses as agents of disruption: Operationalizing a framework to redress inequities in healthcare access among Indigenous Peoples.Tara C. Horrill, Donna E. Martin, Josée G. Lavoie & Annette S. H. Schultz - 2021 - Nursing Inquiry 28 (3):e12394.
    Health equity is a global concern. Although health equity extends far beyond the equitable distribution of healthcare, equitable access to healthcare is essential to the achievement of health equity. In Canada, Indigenous Peoples experience inequities in health and healthcare access. Cultural safety and trauma‐ and violence‐informed care have been proposed as models of care to improve healthcare access, yet practitioners lack guidance on how to implement these models. In this paper, we build upon an existing framework of equity‐oriented care for (...)
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  26.  10
    Using fuzzy cognitive mapping and social capital to explain differences in sustainability perceptions between farmers in the northeast US and Denmark.Chris Kjeldsen, Martin Hvarregaard Thorsøe & Bonnie Averbuch - 2021 - Agriculture and Human Values 39 (1):435-453.
    Farmers are key actors in the transition towards sustainable agricultural practices. Therefore, it is important to understand farmers’ motivations to encourage lasting change. This study investigated how farmers from the two different social contexts of the northeast US and Denmark perceive sustainability. Twenty farmers constructed Fuzzy Cognitive Maps to model their practices and perceived outcomes. The maps were analyzed using social capital as an analytical framework. The results showed that sustainability perceptions differed between US and Danish farmers. Specifically, Danish farmers (...)
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  27. New Studies in the Politics and Culture of U. S. Communism.Michael E. Brown, Randy Martin, Frank Rosengarten & George Snedeker - 1995 - Science and Society 59 (1):107-109.
  28.  32
    Supplementary report: Alternation in a T maze with habit held constant.Merrell E. Thompson & Edward J. Martin - 1961 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 62 (6):629.
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  29.  38
    A study of retinal summation.L. E. Travis & R. Martin - 1934 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 17 (6):773.
  30.  22
    Rebalance power and strengthen farmers’ position in the EU food system? A CDA of the Farm to Fork Strategy.Aziz Omar & Martin Hvarregaard Thorsøe - 2024 - Agriculture and Human Values 41 (2):631-646.
    The Farm to Fork (F2F) Strategy at the heart of the European Union’s Green Deal set out to create a “just transition” towards a sustainable food system, with benefits for all actors. We conducted a critical discourse analysis (CDA) to explore discourses around power in the food system and farmers’ position in the communication and implementation of the Farm to Fork Strategy. Discourse analysis encapsulates various scientific methodologies for deciphering the meaning behind the creation and communication of different forms of (...)
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  31. Ontology.Levinas E. Martin Heidegger - 1996 - Diacritics.–John Hopkins University Press 26 (1):11-32.
     
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  32.  36
    Introduction.Ward E. Jones & Thomas Martin - 2004 - Philosophical Papers 33 (3):243-250.
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  33. Reading R. S. Peters Today.Stefaan E. Cuypers & Christopher Martin (eds.) - 2011-09-16 - Wiley‐Blackwell.
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  34. The essential role of human databases for learning in and validation of affectively competent agents. Cowie, R., Douglas-Cowie, E., Martin, J.-C.-, Devillers & L. - 2010 - In Klaus R. Scherer, Tanja Bänziger & Etienne Roesch (eds.), A Blueprint for Affective Computing: A Sourcebook and Manual. Oxford University Press.
     
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  35.  8
    Introduction: Reading R. S. Peters on Education Today.Stefaan E. Cuypers & Christopher Martin - 2011-09-16 - In Stefaan E. Cuypers & Christopher Martin (eds.), Reading R. S. Peters Today. Wiley‐Blackwell. pp. 1–5.
    This chapter contains sections titled: References.
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  36.  30
    Interpretation as abduction.Jerry R. Hobbs, Mark E. Stickel, Douglas E. Appelt & Paul Martin - 1993 - Artificial Intelligence 63 (1-2):69-142.
  37.  22
    Effect of mood on lexical decisions.David M. Clark, John D. Teasdale, Donald E. Broadbent & Maryanne Martin - 1983 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 21 (3):175-178.
  38.  59
    Applying Cases to Solve Ethical Problems: The Significance of Positive and Process-Oriented Reflection.Alison L. Antes, Chase E. Thiel, Laura E. Martin, Cheryl K. Stenmark, Shane Connelly, Lynn D. Devenport & Michael D. Mumford - 2012 - Ethics and Behavior 22 (2):113 - 130.
    This study examined the role of reflection on personal cases for making ethical decisions with regard to new ethical problems. Participants assumed the position of a business manager in a hypothetical organization and solved ethical problems that might be encountered. Prior to making a decision for the business problems, participants reflected on a relevant ethical experience. The findings revealed that application of material garnered from reflection on a personal experience was associated with decisions of higher ethicality. However, whether the case (...)
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  39. Poverty, Exploitation, Mere Things and Mere Means.Martin Sticker - 2021 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 26 (2):1-17.
    I argue that, alongside the already well-established prohibition against treating persons as mere means, Kant’s Formula of Humanity requires a prohibition against treating persons as mere things. The former captures ethical violations due to someone’s (perceived) instrumental value, e.g. exploitation, the latter captures cases in which I mistreat others because they have no instrumental value to me. These are cases in which I am indifferent and complacent towards persons in need; forms of mistreatment frequently suffered by the world’s poorest. I (...)
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  40.  15
    Lettres choisies de Martin Buber, 1899-1965.Martin Buber, Dominique Bourel & Florence Heymann - 2004
    M. Buber, figure majeure de l'intelligentsia juive et européenne, a entretenu sa vie durant une immense correspondance. Propose une sélection de près de 200 lettres, des premiers échanges du jeune Buber avec Theodore Herzl, le fondateur du sionisme, jusqu'à l'année de sa mort en 1965. Sa correspondance montre qu'il a toujours souhaité un retour de la diaspora juive en Palestine.
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  41.  25
    Risk, Regulation, and Financial Incentives for Living Kidney Donation.Dominique Martin & Sarah White - 2014 - American Journal of Bioethics 14 (10):46-48.
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  42.  23
    On Certainty, Change, and “Mathematical Hinges”.James V. Martin - 2022 - Topoi 41 (5):987-1002.
    Annalisa Coliva (Int J Study Skept 10(3–4):346–366, 2020) asks, “Are there mathematical hinges?” I argue here, against Coliva’s own conclusion, that there are. I further claim that this affirmative answer allows a case to be made for taking the concept of a hinge to be a useful and general-purpose tool for studying mathematical practice in its real complexity. Seeing how Wittgenstein can, and why he would, countenance mathematical hinges additionally gives us a deeper understanding of some of his latest thoughts (...)
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  43. Contrasting Electroencephalography-Derived Entropy and Neural Oscillations With Highly Skilled Meditators.Jacob H. Young, Martha E. Arterberry & Joshua P. Martin - 2021 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 15.
    Meditation is an umbrella term for a number of mental training practices designed to improve the monitoring and regulation of attention and emotion. Some forms of meditation are now being used for clinical intervention. To accompany the increased clinical interest in meditation, research investigating the neural basis of these practices is needed. A central hypothesis of contemplative neuroscience is that meditative states, which are unique on a phenomenological level, differ on a neurophysiological level. To identify the electrophysiological correlates of meditation (...)
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  44.  18
    TEAM: An experiment in the design of transportable natural-language interfaces.Barbara J. Grosz, Douglas E. Appelt, Paul A. Martin & Fernando C. N. Pereira - 1987 - Artificial Intelligence 32 (2):173-243.
  45.  3
    Can professional nursing value claims be refused? Might nursing values be accepted provisionally and tentatively?Martin Lipscomb - forthcoming - Nursing Inquiry:e12621.
    Value–act relationships are less secure than is commonly supposed and this insecurity is leveraged to address two questions. First, can nurses refuse professional value claims (e.g., claims regarding care and compassion)? Second, even when value claims are accepted, might values be held provisionally and tentatively? These questions may seem absurd. Nurses deliver care and nursing is, we are told, a profession the members of which hold and share values. However, focusing attention on the problematic nature of professional value claims qua (...)
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  46.  45
    Identifying Agnotological Ploys: How to Stay Clear of Unjustified Dissent.Martin Carrier - 2018 - In Antonio Piccolomini D’Aragona, Martin Carrier, Roger Deulofeu, Axel Gelfert, Jens Harbecke, Paul Hoyningen-Huene, Lara Huber, Peter Hucklenbroich, Ludger Jansen, Elizaveta Kostrova, Keizo Matsubara, Anne Sophie Meincke, Andrea Reichenberger, Kian Salimkhani & Javier Suárez (eds.), Philosophy of Science: Between the Natural Sciences, the Social Sciences, and the Humanities. Cham: Springer Verlag. pp. 155-169.
    Agnotology concerns the creation and preservation of confusion and ignorance. Certain positions are advocated in science in order to promote sociopolitical interests with the result of launching mock controversies or epistemically unjustified dissent. I propose to identify agnotological ploys by the discrepancy between the conclusions suggested by the design of a study and the conclusions actually drawn or intimated. This mechanism of “false advertising” serves to implement agnotological endeavors and helps identify them without having to invoke the intentions of the (...)
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  47.  30
    Mathematical Problems. Lecture Delivered Before the International Congress of Mathematicians at Paris in 1900.David Hilbert, Mary Winston Newsom, Felix E. Browder, Donald A. Martin, G. Kreisel & Martin Davis - 1979 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 44 (1):116-119.
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  48.  26
    Improving misrepresentations amid unwavering misrepresenters.Martin L. Jönsson & Jakob Bergman - 2022 - Synthese 200 (4):1-23.
    In recruitment, promotion, admission, and other forms of wealth and power apportion, an evaluator typically ranks a set of candidates in terms of their competence. If the evaluator is prejudiced, the resulting ranking will misrepresent the candidates’ actual rankings. This constitutes not only a moral and a practical problem, but also an epistemological one, which begs the question of what we should do—epistemologically—to mitigate it. In a recent paper, Jönsson and Sjödahl in [Episteme 14:499–517, 2017], argue that the epistemic problem (...)
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  49.  68
    Boarding and Day School Students: A Large-Scale Multilevel Investigation of Academic Outcomes Among Students and Classrooms.Andrew J. Martin, Emma C. Burns, Roger Kennett, Joel Pearson & Vera Munro-Smith - 2021 - Frontiers in Psychology 11:608949.
    Boarding school is a major educational option for many students (e.g., students living in remote areas, or whose parents are working interstate or overseas, etc.). This study explored the motivation, engagement, and achievement of boarding and day students who are educated in the same classrooms and receive the same syllabus and instruction from the same teachers (thus a powerful research design to enable unique comparisons). Among 2,803 students (boardingn= 481; dayn= 2,322) from 6 Australian high schools and controlling for background (...)
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  50.  6
    L’Arabie marchande: État et commerce sous les sultans rasūlides du Yémen (626–858/1229–1454). By Éric Vallet.Daniel Martin Varisco - 2021 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 133 (1).
    L’Arabie marchande: État et commerce sous les sultans rasūlides du Yémen. By Éric Vallet. Bibliothèque historique des pays d’Islam, vol. 1. Paris: Publications de la Sorbonne, 2010. Pp. 872. €90.
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