33 found
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  1.  32
    What Capabilities for the Animal?Dominique Lestel - 2011 - Biosemiotics 4 (1):83-102.
  2.  18
    The Withering of Shared Life Through the Loss of Biodiversity.Dominique Lestel - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (2):307-325.
    The article defends a conception of ecology that considers what ecosystems mean not only in themselves but also for themselves. Each living being is thus a message for another living being, and not merely a functional piece in a physical process of energy exchange or in an evolutionary process in which individual reproduction is all that counts. The article deems that the hatred of the animal kingdom characteristic of Western history and the resulting atrophy of our imagination of the living (...)
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  3.  9
    The Biosemiotics and Phylogenesis of Culture.Dominique Lestel - 2002 - Social Science Information 41 (1):35-68.
    The question of animal cultures has once again become a subject of debate in ethology, and is now one of its most active and problematic areas. One surprising feature of this research, however, is the lack of attention paid to the communications that go on in these complex animal societies, with the exception of mechanisms of social learning. This neglect of communications is all the more troubling because many ethologists are unwilling to acknowledge that animals have cultures precisely because they (...)
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  4.  44
    The Carnivore's Ethics.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):161-167.
    The position of veganism is ulti- mately inconsistent, speciesist and unrealistic. To be human is to fully embrace the fact that our bodies can be formed from other animals. Unlike vegans, carnivores permit themselves to be intoxicated by other animals and take plea- sure in meat eating. Nevertheless, factory farming should be rejected and meat consumed responsibly.
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  5.  18
    The Infinite Debt of the Human Towards the Animal.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):171-181.
    The philosophies of Jacques Derrida and Paul Shepard, while rarely encoun- tering the other, nevertheless prove to be surprisingly complementary. Derrida acknowl- edges the impossibility and necessity of the human/animal frontier, thinking the human/ animal relation in a paradigm of seeing and being seen, conceived in particular in the context of a sphere of the intimate. Shepard's not merely biological but ontological interpretation of evolution argues that humans need animals, not only metabolically but for their mental development. From the positive (...)
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  6.  14
    Hybrid Communities.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):61-73.
    This article provides an extract from the second half of Lestel's book Animality . His book is divided into two parts. In the first part Lestel considers a number of ways in which humans and animals have been represented, particularly with respect to their supposed differences and borderline cases, over the course of Western history. To this end one reads of various depictions, construc- tions, and erasures of animals, including those of feral children, the animal-machines of Des- cartes and company, (...)
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  7.  12
    Ethology and Ethnology: The Coming Synthesis A General Introduction.Dominique Lestel - 2006 - Social Science Information 45 (2):147-153.
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  8.  26
    Dissolving Nature in Culture: Some Philosophical Stakes of the Question of Animal Cultures.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):93-110.
    Biological attention to evolution and animal life has primarily emphasized a filiative approach that, although important, overlooks crucial dimensions highlighted by an ecological approach to animal human societies. Increased attention to singular animals and critical scrutiny of the operating definitions of society and culture indicates that vast dimensions of this area have been overlooked and remain to be studied. It is particularly important to pursue the aspects of signification, meaning, individuation, and subjectivity. Attention to animal human societies, or to animal (...)
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  9.  23
    The Friends of My Friends.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):133-147.
    Relations between humans and animals occur under myriad forms and with profound richness. However, taking account of these relations often poses a considerable difficulty. That humans have a strong interest in many other animals, and that humans give rise to a reciprocal interest among many animals, is an important cultural and evolutionary occurrence. Common living and the sharing of territory often give rise to social ties between humans and animals. It is important to study the material dimensions that render possible (...)
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  10.  13
    Symbols of Discord: Are Apes That Talk Trivia More Interesting Than Apes That Don't Talk at All?Dominique Lestel - 1994 - Social Science Information 33 (2):335-369.
  11.  21
    The Animal Outside the Text: An Interview with Dominique Lestel.Dominique Lestel & Matthew Chrulew - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):187-196.
    This interview ranges across a number of topics relevant to Dominique Lestel's thought: the history and philosophy of ethology; animal culture; realist-Cartesian and bi-constructivist ethology; biosemiotics; philo- sophical anthropology; animal studies; the other-than-human; veganism; and technology. It touches on thinkers including Bruno Latour, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Paul Shepard, and Donna Haraway.
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  12.  10
    The Metaphors of Complexity: The Language and Cognitive Resources of Artificial Life.Dominique Lestel - 1996 - Social Science Information 35 (3):511-540.
    The use of computers has opened access to complex phenomena for the comprehension of which no operational narrative traditions are available. Notions of “life”, “cognition” and “intelligence” constitute metaphors and procedures for description and understanding that make it possible to discuss these phenomena, however. They represent cognitive resources for scientists. Why do computer scientists “play” at being biologists, and why do they view it as essential to naturalize their artifacts? When this question is taken as the starting point, it becomes (...)
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  13.  7
    Tools, Techniques and Animals: The Role of Mediations of Actions in the Dynamics of Social Behaviours.Dominique Lestel & Emmanuelle Grundmann - 1999 - Social Science Information 38 (3):367-407.
    The definition of tool proposed by Beck is still the one referred to in ethology when discussing the question of tool-use in animals, and its pertinence is rarely questioned. However, observations on technical behaviours in animals have multiplied over the last 20 years, and these have profoundly altered our earlier representations. In the present article, we show that Beck's definition is insufficient and that it does not, in fact, work. More generally, we replace a theory of tools with a theory (...)
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  14.  14
    Shared Life: An Introduction.Dominique Lestel & Hollis Taylor - 2013 - Social Science Information 52 (2):183-186.
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  15.  5
    Dissolving Nature in Culture: Some Philosophical Stakes of the Question of Animal Cultures.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):93-110.
    Biological attention to evolution and animal life has primarily emphasized a filiative approach that, although important, overlooks crucial dimensions highlighted by an ecological approach to animal human societies. Increased attention to singular animals and critical scrutiny of the operating definitions of society and culture indicates that vast dimensions of this area have been overlooked and remain to be studied. It is particularly important to pursue the aspects of signification, meaning, individuation, and subjectivity. Attention to animal human societies, or to animal (...)
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  16.  9
    Portrait de L’Animal Comme Sujet.Dominique Lestel - 1999 - Revue de Synthèse 120 (1):139-164.
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  17.  7
    L'anthropologie des laboratoires et la pratique de l'intelligence artificielle.Dominique Lestel - 1989 - Social Science Information 28 (4):685-703.
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  18.  7
    Non-Human Artistic Practices: A Challenge to the Social Sciences of the Future.Dominique Lestel - 2011 - Social Science Information 50 (3-4):505-512.
    The article suggests that the phylogenic basis for contemporary Western artistic practices lies in a social practice of the distinctive features found in the species, as seen in certain birds and mammals. Using the cases of birdsong, ape-paintings, knot-tying in certain orangutans and the intriguing stone-handling of some monkeys, the article shows that the question of non-human artistic practices is not only largely unexplored, but that contemporary ethology and psychology are still incapable of really tackling the problem. More generally, some (...)
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  19.  6
    Fourmis cybernétiques et robots-insectes: socialité et cognition à l'interface de la robotique et de l'éthologie expérimentale.Dominique Lestel - 1992 - Social Science Information 31 (2):179-211.
  20.  7
    Neutraliser le mythe de Prométhée.Dominique Lestel - 2011 - Multitudes 47 (4):148-150.
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  21.  3
    Pensée-fourmi, raison pratique et cognition distribuée: le raisonnement complexe comme fait cognitif total.Dominique Lestel - 1993 - Social Science Information 32 (4):605-642.
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  22.  35
    Human/Animal Communications, Language, and Evolution.Dominique Lestel - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):201-211.
    The article compares the research programs of teaching symbolic language to chimpanzees, pointing on the dichotomy between artificial language vs. ASL, and the dichotomy between researchers who decided to establish emotional relationships between themselves and the apes, and those who have seen apes as instrumental devices. It is concluded that the experiments with the most interesting results have been both with artificial language and ASL, but with strong affiliation between researchers and animal involved in the experiments. The experiments on talking (...)
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  23.  15
    Reasoning Patterns and Innovation Management in a Neuro-Embryology Laboratory.Benoît Grison & Dominique Lestel - 1997 - Social Science Information 36 (3):541-555.
    An ethnographic case study of a group of neuro-embryologists is described. We focused on the study of uncertainty management and innovation in the reasoning of those experts, tackling a complex, “ill-structured” problem. The problematics of uncertainty become a tool for investigating the dynamics of distributed reasoning in a natural setting. During the research task, the sequence of predefined methods, which constitute the loosely planned portion of the subjects' cognitive process, is studied: it emerges that the contextual contingencies gave rise to (...)
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  24.  22
    Genèse des Sciences Humaines.Laurent Bourquin, Jean-Marc Rohrbasser, Christine Théré, Éric Hamraoui, Thierry Martin, Joseph Romano, Philippe J. Bernard, Céline Jouin, Jean-Marc Drouin & Dominique Lestel - 1999 - Revue de Synthèse 120 (4):657-684.
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  25.  25
    The Animal Outside the Text: An Interview with Dominique Lestel.Matthew Chrulew & Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):187-196.
    This interview ranges across a number of topics relevant to Dominique Lestel's thought: the history and philosophy of ethology; animal culture; realist-Cartesian and bi-constructivist ethology; biosemiotics; philo- sophical anthropology; animal studies; the other-than-human; veganism; and technology. It touches on thinkers including Bruno Latour, Jacques Derrida, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze, Paul Shepard, and Donna Haraway.
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  26.  2
    Biology and Social Life: A New Rubric of Book Reviews.Dominique Lestel - 1998 - Social Science Information 37 (4):753-753.
  27.  13
    Epistemological Interlude.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):151-160.
    The dominant post-Enlightenment Western view of animals has seen them as some kind of machine, objects of no true moral significance, which it is permissible to subject to a range of treatments that would never be tolerated if practised on humans. In reality, defenders of animals, rather than being sentimentalists or somehow insufficiently attached to their own species, are far more in accord with scientific evidence and with the best interests of humanity itself. Animals are fundamentally makers and interpreters of (...)
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  28.  10
    Inimese ja looma vaheline suhtlemine, keel, evolutsioon. Kokkuvõte.Dominique Lestel - 2002 - Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):212-212.
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  29.  12
    Mirror Effects.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):47-57.
    This extract from Lestel's Paroles de singes analyses the methodological debates of the research into the linguistic capabilities of great apes. Lestel uncovers the strategic blindness, methodological fumbling, and other “mirror effects” of these experiments, and reflects on the questions of anthropomorphism and common knowledge. Are the apes simulating language; are the ape-researchers simulating results? Parallels with research into artificial intelligence reveal a preoccupation with questions of cognition.
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  30.  14
    Toward an Ethnography of Animal Worlds.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):75-89.
    The convergence between ethology and ethnography has significantly transformed studies of animal subjectivity and culture. The future of both fields lies in a cultural zoology that treats animals as subjects partaking in culture. Nonetheless, significant resistance to such an approach exists on each side of the dis- ciplinary divide. Biologists and social scientists content themselves with definitions of culture that prevent them from taking heed of crucial dimensions of it. Beyond that, the very organiz- ation of scholarly knowledge in university (...)
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  31. To Free Life From Itself: Bioethics and Aesthetics of Animality.Dominique Lestel - forthcoming - Bioethics and Art.
     
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  32.  8
    The Question of the Animal Subject: Thoughts on the Fourth Wound to Human Narcissism.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):113-125.
    To the three classic wounds to human narcissism – that of Copernicus , Darwin , and Freud – there must be appended a fourth wound: man is not the only subject in the universe. While most philoso- phers are unwilling to accept it, ethological research shows that animals are also subjects; indeed, in human/animal hybrid communities, certain animals can become individuals or even persons. Through animal biography, anec- dotes, and other often disqualified but nonethe- less empirical forms of knowledge, we (...)
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  33.  8
    The Question of the Animal Subject: Thoughts on the Fourth Wound to Human Narcissism.Dominique Lestel - 2014 - Angelaki 19 (3):113-125.
    To the three classic wounds to human narcissism – that of Copernicus, Darwin, and Freud – there must be appended a fourth wound: man is not the only subject in the universe. While most philoso- phers are unwilling to accept it, ethological research shows that animals are also subjects; indeed, in human/animal hybrid communities, certain animals can become individuals or even persons. Through animal biography, anec- dotes, and other often disqualified but nonethe- less empirical forms of knowledge, we can come (...)
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