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Dominique Raynaud
Université Grenoble Alpes
  1.  53
    Le Tracé Continu des Sections Coniques À la Renaissance: Applications Optico-Perspectives, Héritage de la Tradition Mathématique Arabe.Dominique Raynaud - 2007 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 17 (2):299-345.
    The perfect compass, used by al-Qūhī, al-Sijzī and his successors for the continuous drawing of conic sections, reappeared after a long eclipse in the works of Renaissance mathematicians like Francesco Barozzi in Venice. The resurgence of this instrument seems to have depended on its interest to solve new optico-perspective problems. Having reviewed the various instruments designed for the drawing of conic sections, the article is focused on the sole conic compass. Theoretical and empirical applications are detailed. Contrarily to the common (...)
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  2.  78
    La perspective aérienne de Léonard de Vinci et ses origines dans l'optique d'ibn al-haytham ( de aspectibus , III, 7).Dominique Raynaud - 2009 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 19 (2):225-246.
    Le concept de perspective aérienne a été introduit par Léonard de Vinci (1452-1519). L'article étudie sa dépendance vis-à-vis de l'Optique de Ptolémée et surtout de la tradition optique inaugurée par le Kitâb al-manâzir d'Ibn al-Haytham (m. après 1040). Ce traité, accessible par plusieurs manuscrits latins et italien, qui a fait l'objet de nombreux commentaires médiévaux, offre une théorie générale de la perception visuelle émancipée du seul cas de l'illusion lunaire, dans laquelle les facteurs physiques et psychologiques sont étroitement associés. L'extinction (...)
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  3.  47
    Building the Stemma Codicum of Geometrical Diagrams. A Treatise on Optics by Ibn Al-Haytham as a Test Case.Dominique Raynaud - 2014 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 68 (2):207-239.
    In view of the progress made in recent decades in the fields of stemmatology and the analysis of geometric diagrams, the present article explores the possibility of establishing the stemma codicum of a handwritten tradition from geometric diagrams alone. This exploratory method is tested on Ibn al-Haytham’s Epistle on the Shape of the Eclipse, because this work has not yet been issued in a critical edition. Separate stemmata were constructed on the basis of the diagrams and the text, and a (...)
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  4.  21
    Mario Bunge: A Centenary Festschrift.Mario Augusto Bunge, Michael R. Matthews, Guillermo M. Denegri, Eduardo L. Ortiz, Heinz W. Droste, Alberto Cordero, Pierre Deleporte, María Manzano, Manuel Crescencio Moreno, Dominique Raynaud, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe, Nicholas Rescher, Richard T. W. Arthur, Rögnvaldur D. Ingthorsson, Evandro Agazzi, Ingvar Johansson, Joseph Agassi, Nimrod Bar-Am, Alberto Cupani, Gustavo E. Romero, Andrés Rivadulla, Art Hobson, Olival Freire Junior, Peter Slezak, Ignacio Morgado-Bernal, Marta Crivos, Leonardo Ivarola, Andreas Pickel, Russell Blackford, Michael Kary, A. Z. Obiedat, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Luis Marone, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Francisco Yannarella, Mauro A. E. Chaparro, José Geiser Villavicencio- Pulido, Martín Orensanz, Jean-Pierre Marquis, Reinhard Kahle, Ibrahim A. Halloun, José María Gil, Omar Ahmad, Byron Kaldis, Marc Silberstein, Carolina I. García Curilaf, Rafael González del Solar, Javier Lopez de Casenave, Íñigo Ongay de Felipe & Villavicencio-Pulid (eds.) - 2019 - Springer Verlag.
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  5.  15
    Andalò di Negro’s De Compositione Astrolabii: A Critical Edition with English Translation and Notes.Bernardo Mota, Samuel Gessner & Dominique Raynaud - 2019 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 73 (6):551-617.
    In this article, we publish the critical edition of Andalò di Negro’s De compositione astrolabii, with English translation and commentary. The mathematician and astronomer Andalò di Negro presumably redacted this treatise on the astrolabe in the 1330s, while residing at the court of King Robert of Naples. The present edition has three purposes: first, to make available a text missing from the previous compilations of works by Andalò di Negro; second, to revise a privately circulated edition of the text; and (...)
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  6.  70
    Chronique et motifs de la controverse entre les écoles médicales de Paris et de Montpellier.Dominique Raynaud - 2011 - In Pascal Nouvel (ed.), Repenser le Vitalisme: Histoire Et Philosophie du Vitalisme. Presses Universitaires de France. pp. 33--55.
    The controversy between the medical schools of Paris and Montpellier extends roughly from the death of Barthez (1806) to the publication of the Introduction to the study of experimental medicine of Claude Bernard (1865), with a peak during which the controversy merges with the polemic between Louis Peisse and Jacques Lordat (1840-1843). This study aims to document as accurately as possible the arguments that were exchanged during this controversy, by seeking their reasons and explaining how the experimental medicine in Paris (...)
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  7.  24
    Debates on the Foundations of Linear Perspective From Piero Della Francesca to Egnatio Danti: A Case of Upside-Down Mathematics.Dominique Raynaud - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4-5):474-504.
    In the Quattrocento and Cinquecento the rise of linear perspective caused many polemics which opposed the supporters of an artificial geometrisation of sight to those who were praising the qualities of the drawing according to nature, or were invoking some arguments on a physiological basis. ese debates can be grouped according to the four alternatives that form their central concerns: restricted vs. broad field of vision; ocular immobility vs. mobility; curvilinear vs. planar picture; monocular vs. binocular vision. By retaining the (...)
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  8.  69
    Duhem, Quine, Wittgenstein and the Sociology of Scientific Knowledge: Continuity of Self-Legitimation?Dominique Raynaud - 2003 - Epistemologia 26 (1):133-160.
    Contemporary sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) is defined by its relativist trend. Its programme often calls for the support of philosophers, such as Duhem, Quine, and Wittgenstein. A critical re-reading of key texts shows that the main principles of relativism are only derivable with difficulty. The thesis of the underdetermination of theory doesn't forbid that Duhem, in many places, validates a correspondence-consistency theory of truth. He never said that social beliefs and interests fill the lack of underdetermination. Quine's idea of (...)
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  9.  7
    Florence and Baghdad: Renaissance Art and Arab Science (Hans Belting). [REVIEW]Dominique Raynaud - 2012 - Isis 103:570-572.
    A (critical) review of Hans Belting's essay.
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  10.  9
    Hans Belting. Florence and Baghdad: Renaissance Art and Arab Science. Translated by Deborah Lucas Schneider. 312 Pp. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 2011. $39.95. [REVIEW]Dominique Raynaud - 2012 - Isis 103 (3):570-572.
  11.  36
    Ibn al-Haytham sur la vision binoculaire: un précurseur de l'optique physiologique.Dominique Raynaud - 2003 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 13 (1):79-99.
    L'optique physiologique moderne introduit les notions relatives aux conditions de fusion des images binoculaires par le concept de correspondance, prêté à Christiaan Huygens (1704), et par une expérience attribuée à Christoph Scheiner (1619). L'article montre que la conceptualisation de l'expérience remonte en fait à Ptolémée (90-168) et à Ibn al-Haytham (m. ap. 1040), et précise les connaissances que ce dernier avait des mécanismes de la vision binoculaire. Il est ensuite expliqué pourquoi Ibn al-Haytham, mathématicien mais ici expérimentateur, ne donne pas (...)
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  12.  62
    L'émergence d'une sociologie des œuvres: une évaluation critique.Dominique Raynaud - 1999 - Cahiers Internationaux de Sociologie 106:119-143.
    Le regain actuel de la sociologie de l'art semble lié à un essai de constitution d'un programme de 'sociologie des œuvres', différencié de la classique sociologie de la production et de la réception artistiques. Ce programme, épigone des théories de la communication, fait l'hypothèse de codes iconiques et plastiques. L'étude des interprétations des rayures de D. Buren et de la pyramide du Grand Louvre de I. M. Pei invalide l'existence de tels codes. La grande variabilité des interprétations est alors expliquée (...)
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  13.  67
    Les débats sur les fondements de la perspective linéaire de Piero della Francesca à Egnatio Danti: un cas de mathématisation à rebours.Dominique Raynaud - 2010 - Early Science and Medicine 15 (4):474-504.
    L'essor de la perspective linéaire a suscité de nombreuses polémiques tout au long du Quattrocento et du Cinquecento, opposant les partisans d'une géométrisation artificialiste de la vision à ceux qui vantaient les qualités du dessin d'après nature ou invoquaient des arguments de nature physiologique. Ces débats peuvent être retracés à partir des quatre alternatives qui en constituent le noyau dur : champ de vision restreint vs. large ; immobilité vs. mobilité oculaire ; tableau plan vs. curviligne ; vision monoculaire vs. (...)
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  14.  4
    Le raisonnement expérimental en sociologie.Dominique Raynaud - forthcoming - Philosophia Scientiæ.
    Au contraire des sciences physiques, la sociologie est souvent décrite comme une science interprétative et non-expérimentale. L’épistémologie apporte un éclairage nouveau sur cette position : 1) L’expérimentation n’est pas un trait constant des sciences physiques ; 2) Le raisonnement expérimental est également applicable en sociologie. L’argument est développé en comparant en détail le test de la prédiction d’une déviation des rayons lumineux dans un champ de gravitation effectué en 1919 et le test de la prédiction d’un taux de cosmopolitisme de (...)
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  15.  5
    Le raisonnement expérimental en sociologie Experimental Reasoning in Sociology.Dominique Raynaud - 2019 - Philosophia Scientae 23:19-46.
    Unlike the physical sciences, sociology is frequently described as an interpretative non-experimental science. Comparative epistemology sheds new light on this claim. 1. Experimentation is not a constant character of the physical sciences; 2. Experimental hypothetical-deductive reasoning, including the test of predictions, is also practicable in sociology. The argument is developed by a detailed step-wise comparison of the prediction of light ray deviation within the Sun’s gravitational field made in 1919 (physics) and the prediction of 8% cosmopolitanism of Cambridge University between (...)
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  16.  10
    Le raisonnement expérimental en sociologie.Dominique Raynaud - 2019 - Philosophia Scientiæ. Travaux d'Histoire Et de Philosophie des Sciences 23:19-46.
    Au contraire des sciences physiques, la sociologie est souvent décrite comme une science interprétative et non-expérimentale. L’épistémologie apporte un éclairage nouveau sur cette position : 1) L’expérimentation n’est pas un trait constant des sciences physiques ; 2) Le raisonnement expérimental est également applicable en sociologie. L’argument est développé en comparant en détail le test de la prédiction d’une déviation des rayons lumineux dans un champ de gravitation effectué en 1919 et le test de la prédiction d’un taux de cosmopolitisme de (...)
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  17.  6
    Mathématiques et architecture: le tracé de l’entasis par Nicolas-François Blondel.Dominique Raynaud - 2020 - Archive for History of Exact Sciences 74 (5):445-468.
    In Résolution des quatre principaux problèmes d’architecture then in Cours d’architecture, the architect–mathematician Nicolas-François Blondel addresses one of the most famous architectural problems of all times, that of the reduction in columns. The interest of the text lies in the variety of subjects that are linked to this issue. The text is a response to the challenge launched by Curabelle in 1664 under the name Étrenne à tous les architectes; Blondel mathematicizes the problem in the “style of the Ancients”; The (...)
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  18.  16
    Signature Scientifique Et Collaborations Internationales: L’Inflation du Nombre de Coauteurs En Physique des Particules.Dominique Raynaud - 2017 - Social Science Information 56 (1):142-167.
    The article examines the inflation in the number of authors that now affects several disciplines such as particle physics and biomedical sciences. Deepening the example of the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at CERN, which discovered the Higgs boson in 2012, the article details the signing procedures in this field, reviews the factors responsible for the inflation in the number of authors, asks whether this inflation has caused the emergence of novel phenomena, characterizes these novelties, and specifies the time and number (...)
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  19.  42
    The Aerial Perspective of Leonardo da Vinci and His Origins in the Optics of Ibn Al-Haytham (de Aspectibus, III, 7).Dominique Raynaud - 2009 - Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 19 (2):225-246.
    The concept of aerial perspective has been used for the first time by Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519). This article studies its dependence on Ptolemy’s Optica and overall on the optical tradition inaugurated by Ibn al-Haytham’s Kitâb al-Manâzir (d. after 1040). This treatise, that was accessible through several Latin and Italian manuscripts, and was the source of many Medieval commentaries, offers a general theory of visual perception emancipated from the case of the moon illusion, in which physical and psychological factors are (...)
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