Results for 'Doris Penka'

614 found
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  1.  14
    Number Word Constructions, Degree Semantics and the Metaphysics of Degrees.Brendan Balcerak Jackson & Doris Penka - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (4):347-372.
    A central question for ontology is the question of whether numbers really exist. But it seems easy to answer this question in the affirmative. The truth of a sentence like ‘Seven students came to the party’ can be established simply by looking around at the party and counting students. A trivial paraphrase of is ‘The number of students who came to the party is seven’. But appears to entail the existence of a number, and so it seems that we must (...)
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  2. Review: Comments on "Lack of Character" by John Doris[REVIEW]Nomy Arpaly & John Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):643-647.
  3. Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior.John M. Doris - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a provocative contribution to contemporary ethical theory challenging foundational conceptions of character that date back to Aristotle. John Doris draws on behavioral science, especially social psychology, to argue that we misattribute the causes of behavior to personality traits and other fixed aspects of character rather than to the situational context. More often than not it is the situation not the nature of the personality that really counts. The author elaborates the philosophical consequences of this research for (...)
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  4. Talking to Our Selves: Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency.John M. Doris - 2015 - Oxford University Press.
    Do we know what we're doing, and why? Psychological research seems to suggest not: reflection and self-awareness are surprisingly uncommon and inaccurate. John M. Doris presents a new account of agency and responsibility, which reconciles our understanding of ourselves as moral agents with empirical work on the unconscious mind.
     
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  5. Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior.John M. Doris - 2002 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):648-655.
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  6. Persons, Situations, and Virtue Ethics.John M. Doris - 1998 - Noûs 32 (4):504-530.
  7.  71
    Identification, Situational Constraint, and Social Cognition: Studies in the Attribution of Moral Responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & John M. Darley - 2006 - Cognition 100 (2):283-301.
  8. As a Matter of Fact : Empirical Perspectives on Ethics.John M. Doris & Stephen P. Stich - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
  9.  31
    Précis of Talking to Our Selves: Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency.John M. Doris - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  10. Vicious Minds.Lauren Olin & John M. Doris - 2014 - Philosophical Studies 168 (3):665-692.
    While there is now considerable anxiety about whether the psychological theory presupposed by virtue ethics is empirically sustainable, analogous issues have received little attention in the virtue epistemology literature. This paper argues that virtue epistemology encounters challenges reminiscent of those recently encountered by virtue ethics: just as seemingly trivial variation in context provokes unsettling variation in patterns of moral behavior, trivial variation in context elicits unsettling variation in patterns of cognitive functioning. Insofar as reliability is a condition on epistemic virtue, (...)
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  11.  67
    Character.Maria Merritt, John Doris & Gilbert Harman - 2010 - In John Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
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  12. Skepticism About Persons.John M. Doris - 2009 - Philosophical Issues 19 (1):57-91.
  13. Moral Psychology: Empirical Approaches.John Doris & Stephen Stich - 2008 - Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Moral psychology investigates human functioning in moral contexts, and asks how these results may impact debate in ethical theory. This work is necessarily interdisciplinary, drawing on both the empirical resources of the human sciences and the conceptual resources of philosophical ethics. The present article discusses several topics that illustrate this type of inquiry: thought experiments, responsibility, character, egoism v . altruism, and moral disagreement.
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  14. Altruism.Stephen Stich, John M. Doris & Erica Roedder - 2010 - In John M. Doris & The Moral Psychology Research Group (eds.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
    We begin, in section 2, with a brief sketch of a cluster of assumptions about human desires, beliefs, actions, and motivation that are widely shared by historical and contemporary authors on both sides in the debate. With this as background, we’ll be able to offer a more sharply focused account of the debate. In section 3, our focus will be on links between evolutionary theory and the egoism/altruism debate. There is a substantial literature employing evolutionary theory on each side of (...)
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  15. Heated Agreement: Lack of Character as Being for the Good.John M. Doris - 2010 - Philosophical Studies 148 (1):135-146.
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  16. From My Lai to Abu Ghraib: The Moral Psychology of Atrocity.John M. Doris & Dominic Murphy - 2007 - Midwest Studies in Philosophy 31 (1):25–55.
    While nothing justifies atrocity, many perpetrators manifest cognitive impairments that profoundly degrade their capacity for moral judgment, and such impairments, we shall argue, preclude the attribution of moral responsibility.
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  17. Variantism About Responsibility.John M. Doris, Joshua Knobe & Robert L. Woolfolk - 2007 - Philosophical Perspectives 21 (1):183–214.
  18.  38
    Doing Without Desert.John M. Doris - 2015 - Philosophical Studies 172 (10):2625-2634.
    This paper is a critical discussion of Manuel Vargas’ Building Better Beings, focusing on the treatment of desert therein. By means of an analogy between morality and sport, I examine some seemingly peculiar implications of Vargas’ teleological and revisionary account of desert. I also consider some general questions of philosophical methodology provoked by revisionary approaches.
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  19.  63
    Replies: Evidence and Sensibility.John M. Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):656-677.
  20. Responsibility.Joshua Knobe & John M. Doris - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
    A great deal of fascinating research has gone into an attempt to uncover the fundamental criteria that people use when assigning moral responsibility. Nonetheless, it seems that most existing accounts fall prey to one counterexample or another. The underlying problem, we suggest, is that there simply isn't any single system of criteria that people apply in all cases of responsibility attribution. Instead, it appears that people use quite different criteria in different kinds of cases. [This paper was originally circulated under (...)
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  21.  39
    No Excuses: Performance Mistakes in Morality.Santiago Amaya & John M. Doris - 2014 - In Jens Clausen & Neil Levy (eds.), Handbook of Neuroethics. Springer. pp. 253-272.
    Philosophical accounts of moral responsibility are standardly framed by two platitudes. According to them, blame requires the presence of a moral defect in the agent and the absence of excuses. In this chapter, this kind of approach is challenged. It is argued that (a) people sometimes violate moral norms due to performance mistakes, (b) it often appears reasonable to hold them responsible for it, and (c) their mistakes cannot be traced to their moral qualities or to the presence of excuses. (...)
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  22.  14
    Identification, Situational Constraint, and Social Cognition: Studies in the Attribution of Moral Responsibility.Rob Woolfolk, John Doris & John Darley - 2008 - In Shaun Nichols & Joshua Knobe (eds.), Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 61.
  23. Knowledge by Indifference.Gillian Russell & John Doris - 2008 - Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):429 – 437.
    Is it harder to acquire knowledge about things that really matter to us than it is to acquire knowledge about things we don't much care about? Jason Stanley 2005 argues that whether or not the relational predicate 'knows that' holds between an agent and a proposition can depend on the practical interests of the agent: the more it matters to a person whether p is the case, the more justification is required before she counts as knowing that p. The evidence (...)
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  24. Identification, Situational Constraint, and Social Cognition : Studies in the Attribution of Moral Responsibility.Robert L. Woolfolk, John M. Doris & & John M. Darley - 2007 - In Joshua Knobe (ed.), Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
  25. Attribution and Alternate Possibilities: Identification and Situational Constraint as Factors in Moral Cognition.R. Woolfolk, J. Doris & J. Darley - 2006 - Cognition 100:283-301.
     
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  26.  19
    Ironic Deliberations.John M. Doris - 2018 - Social Theory and Practice 44 (2):279-296.
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  27.  23
    Collaborating Agents: Values, Sociality, and Moral Responsibility.John M. Doris - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
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  28. Introduction.John M. Doris - 2010 - In John Michael Doris (ed.), The Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press.
     
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  29.  18
    Making Do Without : A Response to Arpaly, Tiberius, and Kane.John M. Doris - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (3):771-790.
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  30. The Moral Psychology Handbook.John M. Doris - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The Moral Psychology Handbook offers a comprehensive discussion of how the human mind influences, and is influenced by, human morality. Each chapter is a collaborative effort, covering major issues in moral psychology, written by leading researchers in both philosophy and psychology.
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  31.  91
    Précis of Lack of Character. [REVIEW]John M. Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):632–635.
  32.  13
    Negative Features on Negative Indefinites: Evidence From Split Scope.D. Penka - 2012 - Journal of Semantics 29 (3):373-402.
    The assumption that negative indefinites (NIs) are semantically non-negative elements associating with sentential negation has proven fruitful to account for the behaviour of NIs in languages exhibiting negative concord (NC). Under this view, NIs carry a negative feature that has to be licenced by a semantic negation. There are, however, different ways in which licencing of negative features can be spelled out. This paper shows that several accounts proposed in the literature are problematic. Crucial evidence comes from constructions where another (...)
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  33.  14
    Précis of Talking to Our Selves.John M. Doris - 2018 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 97 (3):751-752.
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  34.  43
    Manuscript Referees for The Journal of Ethics Volume 6: November 2001–August 2002.Louise Antony, Owen McLeod, Paul Benson, Diane T. Meyers, Lawrence Blum, Albert Mosley, John P. Christman, Jerome Neu, John Doris & Marina Oshana - 2002 - The Journal of Ethics 6 (411):411-411.
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  35. Genealogy and Evidence: Prinz on the History of Morals.John M. Doris - 2009 - Analysis 69 (4):704-713.
    Jesse Prinz’s The Emotional Construction of Morals is among the most significant of illuminations of human morality to appear in recent years. This embarrassment of riches presents the space-starved commentator with a dilemma: survey the book’s extraordinary sweep, and slight the textured argumentation, or engage a fraction of the argumentation, and slight the sweep. I’ll fall on the second horn, and focus mostly on Chapter 7, ‘The Genealogy of Morals’. Like Prinz , 1 I think that genealogical arguments have not, (...)
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  36. End-of-Life Decision Making in Hong Kong: The Appeal of the Shared Decision Making Model.Chun Kit Chui, Julian Chuk-Ling Lai, Kam Hung Wong, M. W. Tse Doris & Ho Mun Chan - 2015 - In Ruiping Fan (ed.), Family-Oriented Informed Consent. Springer Verlag.
     
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  37. Moral Psychology Handbook.John Doris (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford University Press.
    The Moral Psychology Handbook offers a survey of contemporary moral psychology, integrating evidence and argument from philosophy and the human sciences.
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  38.  15
    Consciousness is Cheap, Even If Symbols Are Expensive; Metabolism and the Brain’s Dark Energy.Seán O. Nualláin & Tom Doris - 2012 - Biosemiotics 5 (2):193-210.
    Use of symbols, the key to the biosemiotics field as to many others, required bigger brains which implied a promissory note for greater energy consumption; symbols are obviously expensive. A score years before the current estimate of 18–20% for the human brain’s metabolic demand on the organism, it was known that neural tissue is metabolically dear. This paper first discusses two evolutionary responses to this demand, on both of which there is some consensus. The first, assigning care of altricial infants (...)
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  39. 1. Philosophical Background.Stephen Stich, John M. Doris & Erica Roedder - 2010 - In John Doris (ed.), Moral Psychology Handbook. Oxford University Press. pp. 147.
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  40. Empirical Perspectives on Ethics.Stephen Stich & Doris & John - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
     
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  41.  24
    Review of Kwame Anthony Appiah, Experiments in Ethics[REVIEW]John M. Doris - 2009 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2009 (10).
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  42.  39
    Rationing Mental Health Care: Parity, Disparity, and Justice.Robert L. Woolfolk & John M. Doris - 2002 - Bioethics 16 (5):469–485.
    Recent policy debates in the US over access to mental health care have raised several philosophically complex ethical and conceptual issues. The defeat of mental health parity legislation in the US Congress has brought new urgency and relevance to theoretical and empirical investigations into the nature of mental illness and its relation to other forms of sickness and disability. Manifold, nebulous, and often competing conceptions of mental illness make the creation of coherent public policy exceedingly difficult. Referencing a variety of (...)
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  43.  4
    Précis of Lack of Character.John M. Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):632-635.
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  44.  18
    Can Psychologists Tell Us Anything About Morality?John M. Doris, Edouard Machery & Stephen Stich - 2017 - The Philosophers' Magazine 77:24-29.
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  45. Acuna-Farina, C., 217 Betancort, M., 217 Bharucha, JJ, 131 Bigand, E., 100.R. Breheny, M. Carreiras, J. Cole-Virtue, M. Coltheart, M. Curtis, J. M. Darley, M. A. Defeyter, J. M. Doris, A. Fernald & W. T. Fitch - 2006 - Cognition 100:543.
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  46.  55
    Paul E. Griffiths, What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories:What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.John M. Doris - 2000 - Ethics 110 (3):617-619.
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  47.  34
    Review: Précis of "Lack of Character". [REVIEW]John M. Doris - 2005 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 71 (3):632 - 635.
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  48.  27
    Review of Dominic Murphy, Psychiatry in the Scientific Image[REVIEW]John M. Doris - 2007 - Notre Dame Philosophical Reviews 2007 (10).
  49.  12
    A Handbook of Fundamental Theology.Sebastian Doris - 1932 - New Scholasticism 6 (4):374-375.
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  50. The Oxford Handbook of Moral Psychology.Manuel Vargas & John M. Doris (eds.) - forthcoming - Oxford, U.K.: Oxford University Press.
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