Results for 'Doris Penka'

784 found
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  1.  46
    Number word constructions, degree semantics and the metaphysics of degrees.Brendan Balcerak Jackson & Doris Penka - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (4):347-372.
    A central question for ontology is the question of whether numbers really exist. But it seems easy to answer this question in the affirmative. The truth of a sentence like ‘Seven students came to the party’ can be established simply by looking around at the party and counting students. A trivial paraphrase of is ‘The number of students who came to the party is seven’. But appears to entail the existence of a number, and so it seems that we must (...)
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  2. Vanilla Rules: the "No Ice Cream" Construction.Felix Frühauf, Hadil Karawani, Todor Koev, Natasha Korotkova, Doris Penka & Daniel Skibra - 2023 - Proceedings of Sinn Und Bedeutung 27:209-227.
    This paper is about what we call Deontically-flavored Nominal Constructions (DNCs) in English, such as "No ice cream" or "Dogs on leash only". DNCs are often perceived as commands and have been argued to be a type of non-canonical imperative, much like root infinitives in German or Russian. We argue instead that DNCs at their core are declaratives that cite a rule but can be used performatively in the right context. We propose that DNCs contain an elided deontic modal, i.e., (...)
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  3.  1
    Nesŭznavanite analogii: kak sŭpostavi︠a︡me relat︠s︡ionno skhodni neshta, bez da osŭznavame tova.Penka Khristova - 2017 - Sofii︠a︡: Nov bŭlgarski universitet.
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  4.  24
    Cross-Linguistic Variation in the Meaning of Quantifiers: Implications for Pragmatic Enrichment.Penka Stateva, Arthur Stepanov, Viviane Déprez, Ludivine Emma Dupuy & Anne Colette Reboul - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
    One of the most experimentally studied scales in the literature on scalar implicatures is the quantifier scale. While the truth of some is entailed by the truth of all, some is felicitous only when all is false. This opens the possibility that some would be felicitous if, e.g., 99% of the objects in the domain of quantification fall under it, a conclusion that clashes with native speakers’ intuitions. In Experiment 1 we report a questionnaire study on the perception of quantifier (...)
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  5.  31
    Objective vs. subjective scales: the challenge that the scale type poses to the JUDGEMAP model of context sensitive judgment.Penka Hristova, Georgi Petkov & Boicho Kokinov - 2007 - In D. C. Richardson B. Kokinov (ed.), Modeling and Using Context. Springer. pp. 263--276.
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  6.  22
    Reading strategies for children and adults: A quantitative model.Doris Aaronson & Steven Ferres - 1986 - Psychological Review 93 (1):89-112.
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  7. Lack of Character: Personality and Moral Behavior.John M. Doris - 2002 - New York: Cambridge University Press.
    This book is a provocative contribution to contemporary ethical theory challenging foundational conceptions of character that date back to Aristotle. John Doris draws on behavioral science, especially social psychology, to argue that we misattribute the causes of behavior to personality traits and other fixed aspects of character rather than to the situational context. More often than not it is the situation not the nature of the personality that really counts. The author elaborates the philosophical consequences of this research for (...)
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  8.  36
    The influence of intention on masked priming: A study with semantic classification of words.Doris Eckstein & Walter J. Perrig - 2007 - Cognition 104 (2):345-376.
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  9.  38
    Temporal course of perception in an immediate recall task.Doris Aaronson - 1968 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 76 (1p1):129.
    Analyses of errors from a sequential auditory recall experiment indicated that perceptual factors influence the shape of the serial position curve of recall errors. The signal to noise ratio and presentation rate of the stimuli, as well as presentation rate during a prior training session, affected item and order errors. For experiments in which Ss simply monitored the auditory sequences for a preassigned critical item, and in which items were recalled in addition to monitoring, analyses of montoring RTs provided evidence (...)
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  10. Putting pressure on theories of choking: towards an expanded perspective on breakdown in skilled performance.Doris McIlwain, John Sutton & Wayne Christensen - 2015 - Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):253-293.
    There is a widespread view that well-learned skills are automated, and that attention to the performance of these skills is damaging because it disrupts the automatic processes involved in their execution. This idea serves as the basis for an account of choking in high pressure situations. On this view, choking is the result of self-focused attention induced by anxiety. Recent research in sports psychology has produced a significant body of experimental evidence widely interpreted as supporting this account of choking in (...)
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  11. Superlative expressions, context, and focus.Yael Sharvit & Penka Stateva - 2002 - Linguistics and Philosophy 25 (4):453-504.
  12.  55
    Talking to Our Selves: Reflection, Ignorance, and Agency.John M. Doris - 2015 - New York: Oxford University Press.
    Do we know what we're doing, and why? Psychological research seems to suggest not: reflection and self-awareness are surprisingly uncommon and inaccurate. John M. Doris presents a new account of agency and responsibility, which reconciles our understanding of ourselves as moral agents with empirical work on the unconscious mind.
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  13.  11
    Is Earth a perfect square? Repetition increases the perceived truth of highly implausible statements.Doris Lacassagne, Jérémy Béna & Olivier Corneille - 2022 - Cognition 223 (C):105052.
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  14.  28
    Presupposition and Implicature in Compositional Semantics.Uli Sauerland & Penka Stateva (eds.) - 2007 - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire: Palgrave-Macmillan.
    All humans can interpret sentences of their native language quickly and without effort. Working from the perspective of generative grammar, the contributors investigate three mental mechanisms, widely assumed to underlie this ability: compositional semantics, implicature computation and presupposition computation. This volume brings together experts from semantics and pragmatics to bring forward the study of interconnections between these three mechanisms. The contributions develop new insights into important empirical phenomena; for example, approximation, free choice, accommodation, and exhaustivity effects.
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  15. Skepticism about persons.John M. Doris - 2009 - In Ernest Sosa & Enrique Villanueva (eds.), Metaethics. Boston: Wiley Periodicals.
     
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  16.  12
    Paradox.Doris Olin - 2003 - Chesham, Bucks: Routledge.
    Paradoxes are more than just intellectual puzzles - they raise substantive philosophical issues and offer the promise of increased philosophical knowledge. In this introduction to paradox and paradoxes, Doris Olin shows how seductive paradoxes can be, why they confuse and confound, and why they continue to fascinate. Olin examines the nature of paradox, outlining a rigorous definition and providing a clear and incisive statement of what does and does not count as a resolution of a paradox. The view that (...)
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  17.  33
    Paradox.Doris Olin - 2003 - Chesham, Bucks: Mcgill-Queen's University Press.
    Paradoxes are more than just intellectual puzzles - they raise substantive philosophical issues and offer the promise of increased philosophical knowledge. In this introduction to paradox and paradoxes, Doris Olin shows how seductive paradoxes can be, why they confuse and confound, and why they continue to fascinate. Olin examines the nature of paradox, outlining a rigorous definition and providing a clear and incisive statement of what does and does not count as a resolution of a paradox. The view that (...)
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  18. Persons, situations, and virtue ethics.John M. Doris - 1998 - Noûs 32 (4):504-530.
  19. Rethinking 'Rape as a Weapon of War'.Doris E. Buss - 2009 - Feminist Legal Studies 17 (2):145-163.
    One of the most significant shifts in current thinking on war and gender is the recognition that rape in wartime is not a simple by-product of war, but often a planned and targeted policy. For many feminists ‘rape as a weapon of war’ provides a way to articulate the systematic, pervasive, and orchestrated nature of wartime sexual violence that marks it as integral rather than incidental to war. This recognition of rape as a weapon of war has taken on legal (...)
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  20.  20
    The?light? organism for the job: Green algae and photosynthesis research.Doris T. Zallen - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (2):269-279.
  21.  61
    Research Ethics Governance in Times of Ebola.Doris Schopper, Raffaella Ravinetto, Lisa Schwartz, Eunice Kamaara, Sunita Sheel, Michael J. Segelid, Aasim Ahmad, Angus Dawson, Jerome Singh, Amar Jesani & Ross Upshur - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1).
    The Médecins Sans Frontières ethics review board has been solicited in an unprecedented way to provide advice and review research protocols in an ‘emergency’ mode during the recent Ebola epidemic. Twenty-seven Ebola-related study protocols were reviewed between March 2014 and August 2015, ranging from epidemiological research, to behavioural research, infectivity studies and clinical trials with investigational products at early development stages. This article examines the MSF ERB’s experience addressing issues related to both the process of review and substantive ethical issues (...)
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  22.  45
    Identification, Situational Constraint, and Social Cognition: Studies in the Attribution of Moral Responsibility.Rob Woolfolk, John Doris & John Darley - 2008 - In Shaun Nichols & Joshua Knobe (eds.), Experimental Philosophy. Oxford University Press. pp. 61.
  23.  9
    The Rockefeller Foundation and spectroscopy research: The programs at Chicago and Utrecht.Doris T. Zallen - 1992 - Journal of the History of Biology 25 (1):67-89.
  24.  32
    Invisible is Better: Decrease of Subliminal Priming With Increasing Visibility.Doris Eckstein, Dennis Norris, Matthew Davis & Richard Henson - 2009 - PSYCHE: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Research On Consciousness 15 (2).
    Comparisons of indirect measures with direct measures can help elucidate the relationship between nonconscious and conscious perception. We report three experiments on masked word priming in which we observed a negative correlation between prime discriminability and priming , i.e. where priming decreased with increasing prime visibility. While such observations are rare , they may indicate a conflict between conscious and nonconscious processing when primes are shown close to the subjective visibility threshold for the priming-relevant information. For instance, such a conflict (...)
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  25.  38
    Visible homonyms are ambiguous, subliminal homonyms are not: A close look at priming.Doris Eckstein, Matthias Kubat & Walter J. Perrig - 2011 - Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1327-1343.
    Homonyms, i.e. ambiguous words like ‘score’, have different meanings in different contexts. Previous research indicates that all potential meanings of a homonym are first accessed in parallel before one of the meanings is selected in a competitive race. If these processes are automatic, these processes of selection should even be observed when homonyms are shown subliminally. This study measured the time course of subliminal and supraliminal priming by homonyms with a frequent and a rare meaning in a neutral context, using (...)
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  26.  15
    Benefit sharing: From obscurity to common knowledge.Doris Schroeder Guest Editor - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (3):ii–ii.
  27.  42
    Redrawing the boundaries of molecular biology: The case of photosynthesis.Doris T. Zallen - 1993 - Journal of the History of Biology 26 (1):65-87.
    If the work carried out to gain a detailed understanding of the process of photosynthesis, and probably other types of bioenergetic conversions as well, fulfills the criteria of a molecular biology, and if the groups funding this research and those who worked in the laboratory regarded it as such, why has it been necessary for me to argue here that bioenergetics should always have been counted as part of - indeed, may have been in the forefront in establishing — the (...)
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  28. As a matter of fact : Empirical perspectives on ethics.John M. Doris & Stephen P. Stich - 2005 - In Frank Jackson & Michael Smith (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy. Oxford University Press.
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  29. Living strangely in time: emotions, masks and morals in psychopathically-inclined people.Doris Mcilwain - 2010 - European Journal of Analytic Philosophy 6 (1):75-94.
    Psychopaths appear to be ‘creatures apart’ – grandiose, shameless, callous and versatile in their violence. I discuss biological underpinnings to their pale affect, their selective inability to discern fear and sadness in others and a predatory orienting towards images that make most startle and look away. However, just because something is biologically underpinned does not mean that it is innate. I show that while there may be some genetic determination of fearlessness and callous-unemotionality, these and other features of the personality (...)
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  30. Was Ist Ein Original?: Eine Begriffsbestimmung Jenseits Genieästhetischer Stereotype.Doris Reisinger (ed.) - 2020 - Berlin: Transcript Verlag.
    Um den Begriff des Originals gibt es heftige Debatten. Können Fälschungen ebenso gut sein wie Originale? Wann sind Kopien vielleicht sogar besser? Und ist die Zeit des Originals nicht überhaupt vorbei? Dabei tritt die Frage, was ein Original eigentlich sei, oft in den Hintergrund. Doris Reisinger stellt die These auf: Der Begriff des Originals ist nicht nur nicht obsolet, er hat auch nicht notwendig mit Neuheit, Urheberschaft oder ästhetischem Wert zu tun - das Problem des Originalbegriffs besteht schlicht darin, (...)
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  31.  18
    Zu Ulrich Kießlings »Abgesang« auf das »Verschwinden der Pädagogen aus der Psychoanalyse«.Doris Fischer & Annegret Wittenberger - 2021 - Psyche 75 (3):264-267.
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  32.  71
    Measuring What Counts in Life: The Development and Initial Validation of the Fulfilled Life Scale.Doris Baumann & Willibald Ruch - 2022 - Frontiers in Psychology 12.
    In a recent work, we introduced a theoretical model for fulfillment in life that covers cognitive and affective components and distinguishes different time frames. The present study evaluates this model and describes the construction of the Fulfilled Life Scale to assess fulfillment regarding the whole lived life retrospectively. We investigated the scale in two samples. The model of the cognitive component combines three sources of fulfillment with three criteria, yielding nine facets. Employing hierarchical factor analysis, we inspected all solutions between (...)
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  33. Yoga From the Mat Up: How words alight on bodies.Doris McIlwain & John Sutton - 2013 - Educational Philosophy and Theory (6):1-19.
    Yoga is a unique form of expert movement that promotes an increasingly subtle interpenetration of thought and movement. The mindful nature of its practice, even at expert levels, challenges the idea that thought and mind are inevitably disruptive to absorbed coping. Building on parallel phenomenological and ethnographic studies of skilful performance and embodied apprenticeship, we argue for the importance in yoga of mental access to embodied movement during skill execution by way of a case study of instruction and practice in (...)
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  34. Human genetic banking: altruism, benefit and consent.Doris Schroeder & Garrath Williams - 2004 - New Genetics and Society 23 (1):89-103.
    This article considers how we should frame the ethical issues raised by current proposals for large-scale genebanks with on-going links to medical and lifestyle data, such as the Wellcome Trust and Medical Research Council's 'UK Biobank'. As recent scandals such as Alder Hey have emphasised, there are complex issues concerning the informed consent of donors that need to be carefully considered. However, we believe that a preoccupation with informed consent obscures important questions about the purposes to which such collections are (...)
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  35.  16
    Brain Network Oscillations During Gait in Parkinson’s Disease.Doris D. Wang & Julia T. Choi - 2020 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 14.
  36.  47
    Realizing benefit sharing – the case of post-study obligations.Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (6):305-314.
    In 2006, the Indonesian government decided to withhold avian flu samples from the World Health Organization. They argued that even though Indonesian samples were crucial to the development of vaccines, the results of vaccine research would be unaffordable for its citizens. Commentaries on the case varied from alleging blackmail to welcoming this strong stance against alleged exploitation. What is clear is that the concern expressed is related to benefit sharing.Benefit sharing requires resource users to return benefits to resource providers in (...)
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  37. Methods for Measuring Breadth and Depth of Knowledge.Doris J. F. McIllwain & John Sutton - 2015 - In Damion Farrow & Joe Baker (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Sport Expertise. Routledge.
    In elite sport, the advantages demonstrated by expert performers over novices are sometimes due in part to their superior physical fitness or to their greater technical precision in executing specialist motor skills. However at the very highest levels, all competitors typically share extraordinary physical capacities and have supremely well-honed techniques. Among the extra factors which can differentiate between the best performers, psychological skills are paramount. These range from the capacities to cope under pressure and to bounce back from setbacks, to (...)
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  38.  10
    Doctrine of the Ciphers Intercursions among Zeropoint-Utopia-Core.Doris Zeilinger - 2021 - Philosophies 6 (2):44.
    The Blochian concept of cipher is discussed in some detail with a view to possible developments in the modern philosophy of nature. Parallels and differences are listed as to the Idealistic tradition in Germany preceding Bloch’s approach. It is found that within the framework of a strict process philosophy of the Blochian type, life forms and human life in particular show up as systemic parts of a nature that is projecting itself towards what has not yet become, hence a strong (...)
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  39. Die ästhetisch-kommunikativen Funktionen der Musik unter historischen genetischen und Entwicklungs-Aspekten.Doris Stockmann - 1981 - In Harry Goldschmidt & Georg Knepler (eds.), Musikästhetik in der Diskussion: Vorträge und Diskussionen. Leipzig: Deutscher Verlag für Musik.
     
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  40.  21
    Cross-linguistic evidence for memory storage costs in filler-gap dependencies with wh-adjuncts.Artur Stepanov & Penka Stateva - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6:145572.
    This study investigates processing of interrogative filler-gap dependencies in which the filler integration site or gap is not directly subcategorized by the verb. This is the case when the wh-filler is a structural adjunct such as how or when rather than subject or object. Two self-paced reading experiments in English and Slovenian provide converging cross-linguistic evidence that wh-adjuncts elicit a kind of memory storage cost similar to that previously shown in the literature for wh-arguments. Experiment 1 investigates the storage costs (...)
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  41.  88
    Paul E. Griffiths, What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories:What Emotions Really Are: The Problem of Psychological Categories.John M. Doris - 2000 - Ethics 110 (3):617-619.
  42. Moral Psychology Handbook.John M. Doris (ed.) - 2010 - Oxford, GB: Oxford University Press.
    The Moral Psychology Handbook offers a survey of contemporary moral psychology, integrating evidence and argument from philosophy and the human sciences.
  43.  39
    Yoga From the Mat Up: How words alight on bodies.Doris McIlwain & John Sutton - 2014 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 46 (6):655-673.
    Yoga is a unique form of expert movement that promotes an increasingly subtle interpenetration of thought and movement. The mindful nature of its practice, even at expert levels, challenges the idea that thought and mind are inevitably disruptive to absorbed coping. Building on parallel phenomenological and ethnographic studies of skilful performance and embodied apprenticeship, we argue for the importance in yoga of mental access to embodied movement during skill execution by way of a case study of instruction and practice in (...)
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  44.  92
    Sharing the benefits of genetic resources: From biodiversity to human genetics.Doris Schroeder & Carolina Lasén-díaz - 2006 - Developing World Bioethics 6 (3):135–143.
    Benefit sharing aims to achieve an equitable exchange between the granting of access to a genetic resource and the provision of compensation. The Convention on Biological Diversity, adopted at the 1992 Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro, is the only international legal instrument setting out obligations for sharing the benefits derived from the use of biodiversity. The CBD excludes human genetic resources from its scope, however, this article considers whether it should be expanded to include those resources, so as to (...)
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  45.  33
    On transparent law, good legislation and accessibility to legal information: Towards an integrated legal information system.Doris Liebwald - 2015 - Artificial Intelligence and Law 23 (3):301-314.
    This paper connects to Jon Bing’s great vision of an integrated national legal information system. The intention of this paper is to variegate Bing’s vision of an integrated information system by shifting the focus to the lay users, thus to those, who are subject to the law. The modified vision is an integrated information system that supports intelligible access to law for the citizens. This presupposes however an unambiguous and transparent legal system. Accordingly, it is also stressed that intelligent legal (...)
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  46.  40
    Realizing benefit sharing - the case of post-study obligations.Doris Schroeder & Eugenijus Gefenas - 2012 - Bioethics 26 (6):305-314.
    In 2006, the Indonesian government decided to withhold avian flu samples from the World Health Organization. They argued that even though Indonesian samples were crucial to the development of vaccines, the results of vaccine research would be unaffordable for its citizens. Commentaries on the case varied from alleging blackmail to welcoming this strong stance against alleged exploitation. What is clear is that the concern expressed is related to benefit sharing. Benefit sharing requires resource users to return benefits to resource providers (...)
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  47.  15
    Women at the Borders: Rape and Nationalism in International Law.Doris E. Buss - 1998 - Feminist Legal Studies 6 (2):171-203.
  48.  17
    Government by the people, for the people—twenty‐first century style.Doris A. Graber - 2006 - Critical Review: A Journal of Politics and Society 18 (1-3):167-178.
    Citizens' competence for democratic self‐government must be judged by their ability to perform the typical functions of modern citizenship, rather than by their scores on surveys of political information—which are flawed in a variety of important respects. The role requirements for effective citizenship have changed throughout American history because government has grown vastly in size, complexity, and the range of functions that it performs. Effective use of citizens’ political talents therefore requires limiting public surveillance and advice to broad overview aspects, (...)
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  49.  64
    The prediction paradox resolved.Doris Olin - 1983 - Philosophical Studies 44 (2):225 - 233.
  50.  27
    Editorial: Scalar Implicatures.Anne Colette Reboul & Penka Stateva - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
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