Results for 'Doron Dorfman'

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  1. Disability Rights as a Necessary Framework for Crisis Standards of Care and the Future of Health Care.Laura Guidry-Grimes, Katie Savin, Joseph A. Stramondo, Joel Michael Reynolds, Marina Tsaplina, Teresa Blankmeyer Burke, Angela Ballantyne, Eva Feder Kittay, Devan Stahl, Jackie Leach Scully, Rosemarie Garland-Thomson, Anita Tarzian, Doron Dorfman & Joseph J. Fins - 2020 - Hastings Center Report 50 (3):28-32.
    In this essay, we suggest practical ways to shift the framing of crisis standards of care toward disability justice. We elaborate on the vision statement provided in the 2010 Institute of Medicine (National Academy of Medicine) “Summary of Guidance for Establishing Crisis Standards of Care for Use in Disaster Situations,” which emphasizes fairness; equitable processes; community and provider engagement, education, and communication; and the rule of law. We argue that interpreting these elements through disability justice entails a commitment to both (...)
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  2.  4
    Foundations of the Everyday: Shock, Deferral, Repetition.Eran Dorfman - 2014 - Rowman & Littlefield International.
    A highly original and interdisciplinary study of the philosophy of the everyday.
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  3.  40
    History of the Lifeworld: From Husserl to Merleau-Ponty.Eran Dorfman - 2009 - Philosophy Today 53 (3):294-303.
  4.  15
    Political Corruption, Democratic Theory, and Democracy.Doron Navot - 2014 - Les ateliers de l'éthique/The Ethics Forum 9 (3):4-24.
    Doron Navot | : According to recent conceptual proposals, institutional corruption should be understood within the boundaries of the institution and its purpose. Political corruption in democracies, prominent scholars suggest, is characterized by the violation of institutional ideals or behaviors that tend to harm democratic processes and institutions. This paper rejects the idea that compromises, preferences, political agreements, or consent can be the baseline of conceptualization of political corruption. In order to improve the identification of abuse of power, the (...)
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  5. Dictionnaire de psychologie.Roland Doron & Françoise Parot - 1993 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 183 (4):759-759.
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  6.  20
    The Case Against Privatization.Alon Harel Avihay Dorfman - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (1):67-102.
  7.  5
    Fairness, Explainability and in-Between: Understanding the Impact of Different Explanation Methods on Non-Expert Users’ Perceptions of Fairness Toward an Algorithmic System.Doron Kliger, Tsvi Kuflik & Avital Shulner-Tal - 2022 - Ethics and Information Technology 24 (1).
    In light of the widespread use of algorithmic systems across numerous domains, there is an increasing awareness about the need to explain their underlying decision-making process and resulting outcomes. Since oftentimes these systems are being considered as black boxes, adding explanations to their outcomes may contribute to the perception of their transparency and, as a result, increase users’ trust and fairness perception towards the system, regardless of its actual fairness, which can be measured using various fairness tests and measurements. Different (...)
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  8.  12
    Eran Dorfman: Foundations of the Everyday, Shock, Deferral, Repetition: Rowman and Littlefield, London, 2014, 207 Pp. [REVIEW]Frank Chouraqui - 2016 - Continental Philosophy Review 49 (2):259-265.
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  9.  70
    The Causes and Scope of Political Egalitarianism During the Last Glacial: A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective.Doron Shultziner, Thomas Stevens, Martin Stevens, Brian A. Stewart, Rebecca J. Hannagan & Giulia Saltini-Semerari - 2010 - Biology and Philosophy 25 (3):319-346.
    This paper reviews and synthesizes emerging multi-disciplinary evidence toward understanding the development of social and political organization in the Last Glacial. Evidence for the prevalence and scope of political egalitarianism is reviewed and the biological, social, and environmental influences on this mode of human organization are further explored. Viewing social and political organization in the Last Glacial in a much wider, multi-disciplinary context provides the footing for coherent theory building and hypothesis testing by which to further explore human political systems. (...)
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  10.  12
    The Stages of Mass Mobilization: Separate Phenomena and Distinct Causal Mechanisms.Doron Shultziner & Sarah Goldberg - 2019 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 49 (1):2-23.
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  11. Sefer Bene Ḥayil: Yakhil Divre Ḥizuḳ Be-ʻinyan 48 Devarim Sheha-Torah Niḳnet Bahem: Asupat Śiḥot Ṿe-ʻedim.Doron Daṿid ben Shemuʼ Gold & el Yehoshuʻa - 2006 - Mekhon "Mishnat Rabi ʻaḳiva".
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  12. Sefer Bene Ḥayil: Yakhil Divre Ḥizuḳ Be-ʻinyan 48 Devarim Sheha-Torah Niḳnet Bahem: Asupat Śiḥot Ṿe-ʻedim.Doron Daṿid ben Shemuʼel Yehoshuʻa Gold - 2006 - Mekhon "Mishnat Rabi ʻaḳiva".
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  13. Sefer Hegyon Libi : Maʼamarim U-Veʼurim Be-ʻinyene Musar Ṿe-Derekh Erets.Doron Daṿid ben Shemuʼ Gold & el Yehoshuʻa - 2003 - [Mekhon Mishnat Rabi ʻaḳiva].
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  14. Ḳunṭres Dai le-ʻolam Ani Ṿe-Atah: Li-Yeme Ha-Sefirah Ṿe-33 Ba-ʻomer ...: Be-Maʻaśeh de-Rashbi ... Ṿe-Limudim Musariyim .. [REVIEW]Doron Daṿid ben Shemuʼ Gold & el Yehoshuʻa - 2004 - Doron Daṿid Ben ShemuʼEl Yehoshuʻa Gold.
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  15. Ḳunṭres Dai le-ʻolam Ani Ṿe-Atah: Li-Yeme Ha-Sefirah Ṿe-33 Ba-ʻomer.Doron Daṿid ben Shemuʼ Gold & el Yehoshuʻa - 2004 - Doron Daṿid Ben ShemuʼEl Yehoshuʻa Gold.
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  16. Ḳunṭres Dai le-ʻolam Ani Ṿe-Atah: Li-Yeme Ha-Sefirah Ṿe-33 Ba-ʻomer ...: Be-Maʻaśeh de-Rashbi ... Ṿe-Limudim Musariyim .. [REVIEW]Doron Daṿid ben Shemuʼel Yehoshuʻa Gold - 2004 - Doron Daṿid Ben Shemuʼel Yehoshuʻa Gold.
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  17.  47
    On Preference for Flexibility and Complexity Aversion: Experimental Evidence.Doron Sonsino & Marvin Mandelbaum - 2001 - Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):197-216.
    Desire for flexibility suggests that the value of a choice-menu should increase with the number of options included. Complexity-aversion on the other hand may imply that the value of a menu decreases with its cardinality. We present the results of an experiment where 5 groups of subjects were asked to evaluate saving plans that let the investor choose between alternative indexing-schemes before the saving period ends. The complexity of the different plans was manipulated in two ways: (1) increasing the number (...)
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  18.  35
    Towards a Constitutional Counter-Revolution in Israel?Doron Navot & Yoav Peled - 2009 - Constellations 16 (3):429-444.
  19. Checking for Fair Simulation in Models with B Uchi Fairness Constraints.Doron Bustan & Orna Grumberg - 2000 - Complexity 50:39.
     
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  20.  2
    Economic Behavior and Behavioral Economics at Times of COVID-19 Pandemic.Doron Kliger - 2021 - Mind and Society 20 (2):253-260.
    I am a behavioral economist, who is interested in both behavioral sciences and economic behavior. By the term “economic behavior” I refer to the calculative reasoned domain of economic analysis, whereas by “behavioral economics” I address aspects of human feelings, emotions and everything that is not captured by the “rational” paradigm. Evidently, erroneous calculations, as well as unhinged sentiments lead to economic losses, and every change in the economics of the world has both calculative and behavioral sides to it. In (...)
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  21. Race and Genealogy: Buffon and the Formation of the Concept of 'Race'.Claude-Olivier Doron - 2012 - E. Casetta and V. Tripodi, Making Sense of Gender, Sex, Race, and the Family, Humana. Mente Journal of Philosophical Studies 22:75 - 109.
  22. Edit Doron/Agency and Voice: The Semantics of the Semitic Templates.Karlos Arregi, Clausal Pied-Piping, Richard Larson, Sungeun Cho & Temporal Adjectives - 2003 - Natural Language Semantics 11:395-396.
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  23.  7
    A Model for Discovering ‘Containment’ Relations.Shimon Ullman, Nimrod Dorfman & Daniel Harari - 2019 - Cognition 183:67-81.
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  24. A Note on Negativity Bias and Framing Response Asymmetry.Doron Sonsino - 2011 - Theory and Decision 71 (2):235-250.
    An unprocessed risk is a collection of simple lotteries with a reduction-rule that describes the actual-payoff to the decision-maker as a function of realized lottery outcomes. Experiments reveal that the willingness to pay for unprocessed risks is consistently biased toward the payoff-level in the unprocessed representation. The anchoring-to-frame bias in cases of positive framing is significantly weaker than in cases of negative framing suggesting that rational negativity bias may reflect in asymmetric violations of rationality.
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  25.  3
    Doron Galili. Seeing by Electricity: The Emergence of Television, 1878–1939. Durham, N.C.: Duke University Press, 2020. 247 Pp. [REVIEW]Rea Amit - 2021 - Critical Inquiry 47 (4):788-789.
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  26.  92
    Disappointment Aversion in Internet Bidding-Decisions.Doron Sonsino - 2008 - Theory and Decision 64 (2-3):363-393.
    The article presents an Internet experiment where subjects sequentially bid for basic gifts and binary-lotteries on these gifts in incentive compatible Vickrey auctions. Subjects exhibit uniformly pessimistic prize-weighting in spite of precautions to reduce suspicion and prohibit collusion. The bids for lotteries are close to the minimal payable value, even when the probability of obtaining a better prize is larger than 50%. Prize-weighting becomes even more conservative as the distance in value of payable prizes increases. The twofold aversive affect appears (...)
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  27.  22
    The Impact of Perceived Self-Efficacy on Mental Time Travel and Social Problem Solving.Adam D. Brown, Michelle L. Dorfman, Charles R. Marmar & Richard A. Bryant - 2012 - Consciousness and Cognition 21 (1):299-306.
    Current models of autobiographical memory suggest that self-identity guides autobiographical memory retrieval. Further, the capacity to recall the past and imagine one’s self in the future can influence social problem solving. We examined whether manipulating self-identity, through an induction task in which students were led to believe they possessed high or low self-efficacy, impacted episodic specificity and content of retrieved and imagined events, as well as social problem solving. Compared to individuals in the low self efficacy group, individuals in the (...)
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  28.  3
    Precontractual Justice.Hanoch Dagan & Avihay Dorfman - 2022 - Legal Theory 28 (2):89-123.
    ABSTRACTThis article develops a theory of just contractual relationships for a liberal society. As a liberal theory, our account is premised on liberalism's canonical commitments to self-determination and substantive equality. As a theory of contract law, it focuses on the parties’ interpersonal interactions rather than on the justice of the social order as a whole.Normatively, the article claims that the rules governing cases where one party experiences harsh circumstances or vulnerability during the bargaining process or operates under significant informational disadvantage (...)
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  29.  4
    Prophetic Figures in Late Second Temple Jewish Palestine: The Evidence From Josephus.Doron Mendels & Rebecca Gray - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1):117.
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  30.  49
    The Case Against Privatization.Avihay Dorfman & Alon Harel - 2013 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 41 (1):67-102.
  31. Navigators and Captains: Expertise in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman & Susan B. Rubin - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 18 (4).
    The debate about what constitutes the discipline of ethics and who qualifies as an ethics consultant is linked unavoidably to a debate that is potentiated by the reality of a rapidly changing and high-stakes health care consultation marketplace. Who we are and what we can offer to the moral gesture that is medicine is shaped by our fundamental understanding of the place of expert knowledge in the transformation of social reality. The struggle for self-definition is particularly freighted since clinical ethics (...)
     
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  32.  17
    The Calculating Machines : Their History and Development. Ernst Martin, Peggy Aldrich Kidwell, Michael R. Williams.Doron Swade - 1994 - Isis 85 (1):136-137.
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  33. Introduction From Altered Man.Claude-Olivier Doron & Nicholas Anthony Eppert - 2021 - Critical Philosophy of Race 9 (2):179-239.
    ABSTRACT This article includes Nicholas Anthony Eppert's English translation of the introduction from Claude-Olivier Doron's L'homme altèrè: races et dégénérescence, published in French in 2016. Inspired by a Foucauldian methodology, Doron provides a novel way to approach the historiography and philosophy of race and racism. Rather than focusing on traditional ways to conceptualize race, through alterity, and racism as emerging from polygenist theories that saw races as issuing from different origins and thwarting the idea of the unity of (...)
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  34.  2
    Drei Hellenistisch-Jüdische Predigten, II: KommentarDrei Hellenistisch-Judische Predigten, II: Kommentar.Doron Mendels & Folker Siegert - 1995 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 115 (1):116.
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  35.  34
    Doron Swade, the Cogwheel Brain: Charles Babbage and the Quest to Build the First Computer. London: Little, Brown and Company, 2000. Pp. X+342. Isbn 0-316-64847-7. £14.99. [REVIEW]Mary Croarken - 2004 - British Journal for the History of Science 37 (3):351-352.
  36.  36
    Agency and Voice: The Semantics of the Semitic Templates. [REVIEW]Edit Doron - 2003 - Natural Language Semantics 11 (1):1-67.
    Semitic templates systematically encode two dimensions of verb meaning: (a) agency, the thematic role of the verb’s external argument, and (b) voice. The assumption that this form-meaning correspondence is mediated by syntax allows the parallel compositional construction of the form and the meaning of a verb from the forms and the meanings of its root and template. The root and its arguments are optionally embedded under a light verb v which introduces the agent (Hale and Keyser 1993; Kratzer 1994). But (...)
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  37.  20
    Against Privatisation As Such.Avihay Dorfman & Alon Harel - 2016 - Oxford Journal of Legal Studies 36 (2):400-427.
    Privatisation has occupied the attention of theorists of different disciplines. Yet, despite the multiplicity of perspectives, the typical arguments concerning privatisation are instrumental, relying heavily on comparing the performance of a public functionary with that of its private counterpart. This article challenges this approach for leaving unaddressed other important consequences of shifting responsibilities to private entities. More specifically, privatisation cuts off the link between processes of decision-making and the citizens, and therefore erodes political engagement and its underlying notion of shared (...)
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  38.  84
    The Standard Metre in Paris.Doron Avital - 2008 - Philosophical Investigations 31 (4):318-339.
    In Philosophical Investigations, Wittgenstein argues that we can neither say of the standard One Metre in Paris that it is a single metred length, nor that it is not. Kripke's reply to the puzzle is well known: the sentence expressing the assertion that the standard One Metre is one metre in length (at time t0) is a true, a priori and contingent sentence. In this paper, I would like to show the nature of the intuition that runs behind Kripke's reply (...)
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  39.  9
    Nonverbal Indicators of Deception: How Iconic Gestures Reveal Thoughts That Cannot Be Suppressed.Doron Cohen, Geoffrey Beattie & Heather Shovelton - 2010 - Semiotica 2010 (182):133-174.
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  40.  7
    The World Reduced to NumberThe Works of Charles BabbageCharles Babbage Martin Campbell-KellyScience and Reform: Selected Works of Charles BabbageCharles Babbage Anthony HymanGlory and Failure: The Difference Engines of Johann Müller, Charles Babbage, and Georg and Edvard ScheutzMichael Lindgren Craig G. McKay.Doron Swade - 1991 - Isis 82 (3):532-536.
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  41.  1
    Over and Under Commitment to a Course of Action in Decisions From Experience.Doron Cohen & Ido Erev - 2021 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: General 150 (12):2455-2471.
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  42. An Ethics of Encounter: Public Choices and Private Acts.Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman - 1995 - In Elliot N. Dorff & Louis E. Newman (eds.), Contemporary Jewish Ethics and Morality: A Reader. Oxford University Press. pp. 219--245.
     
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  43.  5
    Navigators and Captains: Expertise in Clinical Ethics Consultation.Susan B. Rubin & Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman - 1997 - Theoretical Medicine 18 (4):421-432.
    The debate about what constitutes the discipline of ethics and who qualifies as an ethics consultant is linked unavoidably to a debate that is potentiated by the reality of a rapidly changing and high-stakes health care consultation marketplace. Who we are and what we can offer to the moral gesture that is medicine is shaped by our fundamental understanding of the place of expert knowledge in the transformation of social reality. The struggle for self-definition is particularly freighted since clinical ethics (...)
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  44.  7
    Face to Face, Not Eye to Eye: Further Conversations on Jewish Medical Ethics.L. Zoloth-Dorfman - 1995 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 6 (3):222.
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  45.  7
    She Said/He Said: Ethics Consultation and the Gendered Discourse.Susan Rubin & Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman - 1996 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 7 (4):321.
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  46.  4
    Tracking the Distribution of Individual Semantic Features in Gesture Across Spoken Discourse: New Perspectives in Multi-Modal Interaction.Doron Cohen, Geoffrey Beattie & Heather Shovelton - 2011 - Semiotica 2011 (185):147-188.
    Speakers frequently produce elaborate hand movements during talk that have been shown to serve a communicative function. Nevertheless, two-thirds of the semantic content of these hand movements is encoded linguistically elsewhere in the discourse . The present experiment demonstrated that while 62.9% of semantic information in gesture was elsewhere, most gestures retained at least one semantic feature that was never represented linguistically. Semantic features were more explicit when they occurred in gesture than when represented linguistically. Even in cases where the (...)
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  47.  20
    Insider Trading: Conscience and Critique in Bioethics. [REVIEW]Laurie Zoloth-Dorfman & Susan B. Rubin - 1998 - HEC Forum 10 (1):24-33.
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  48.  1
    A Few Instrumental Thoughts About Luck, Accidents, and Insurance.Doron Teichman - 2008 - Theoretical Inquiries in Law 9 (1):25-32.
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  49.  46
    Business and Professional Ethics in Transitional Economies and Beyond: Considerations for the Insurance Industries of Poland, the Czech Republic and Hungary. [REVIEW]Robert W. Cooper & Mark S. Dorfman - 2003 - Journal of Business Ethics 47 (4):381 - 392.
    This paper examines several key aspects of the ethical environment facing the insurance industries of Poland, The Czech Republic and Hungary as they complete the transition from Communist insurance systems built upon state-owned monopolies to viable private domestic insurance markets, and then seek to harmonize their markets with the single insurance market of the European Union. Since many types of ethical problems encountered during the transition are unlikely to diminish significantly as a result of either privatization or regulation of the (...)
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  50. Implicit and Explicit Memory and Learning.John F. Kihlstrom, Jennifer Dorfman & Lillian Park - 2007 - In Max Velmans & Susan Schneider (eds.), The Blackwell Companion to Consciousness. Blackwell. pp. 525--539.
    Learning and memory are inextricably intertwined. The capacity for learning presupposes an ability to retain the knowledge acquired through experience, while memory stores the background knowledge against which new learning takes place. During the dark years of radical behaviorism, when the concept of memory was deemed too mentalistic to be a proper subject of scientific study, research on human memory took the form of research on verbal learning (Anderson, 2000; Schwartz & Reisberg, 1991).
     
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