Results for 'Dorothea Wagner'

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  1.  9
    Algorithm Engineering (Dagstuhl Seminar 13391).Andrew V. Goldberg, Giuseppe F. Italiano, David S. Johnson & Dorothea Wagner - unknown
    This report documents the program and the outcomes of Dagstuhl Seminar 13391 "Algorithm Engineering". The algorithm engineering approach consists of a cycle of algorithm design, analysis, implementation, and experimental evaluation, with the aim of bridging the gap between theory and practice in the area of algorithms. This cycle of phases is driven by falsifiable hypotheses validated by experiments. Moreover, real-world instances often have direct impact on this cycle since they often expose modeling and analysis shortcomings. Algorithm engineering touches other research (...)
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  2.  52
    Realistic Opinion Aggregation: Lehrer-Wagner with a Finite Set of Opinion Values.R. Bradley & C. Wagner - 2012 - Episteme 9 (2):91-99.
    An allocation problem is a type of aggregation problem in which the values of individuals' opinions on some set of variables sum to a constant. This paper shows that for realistic allocation problems, namely ones in which the set of possible opinion values is finite, the only universal aggregation methods that satisfy two commonly invoked conditions are the dictatorial ones. The two conditions are, first, that the aggregate opinion on any variable depends only on the individuals' opinions on that variable (...)
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  3.  48
    Hans Wagner: Kleinere Schriften I: Systematische Abhandlungen. Hrsg. v. Bernward Grünewald.Hans Wagner, Bernward Grünewald & Reinhold Breil - 2016 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 69 (2):153-165.
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  4.  56
    Wagner, Richard, Fichtes.Anteil an der Einführung der Pestalozzischen Methode in Preußen.Richard Wagner - 1920 - Kant-Studien 24 (1).
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  5.  29
    Hans Wagner: Die Würde des Menschen. Wesen und Normfunktion. Hrsg. v. Stephan Nachtsheim.Hans Wagner & Reinhold Breil - 2015 - Philosophischer Literaturanzeiger 68 (1):022-032.
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  6. "I Still Maintain That This Session Should Have Been Called" An Evening with Alfred Schutz," Maybe with the Addition in Small Print:" as Seen Through the Re-Presentations of His Student Helmut Wagner.Helmut R. Wagner - 1985 - Human Studies 8 (33).
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  7.  13
    Art, Ideology, and Politics at Bayreuth, 1876-1976Studien Zur Geschichte Der Bayreuther Festspiele.Richard Wagner in Bayreuth 1876-1976.Der Bayreuther Kreis. Wagnerkult und Kultur-Reform im Geiste Volkischer Weltanschauung.Die Tagebucher. [REVIEW]David C. Large, Michael Karbaum, Hans Mayer, Winfried Schuler & Cosima Wagner - 1978 - Journal of the History of Ideas 39 (1):149.
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  8.  16
    Aristoteles-Erwähnungen im Mittelalter: Fritz Wagner.Fritz Wagner - 1987 - In Vivian Nutton, Jutta Kolesh, H. J. Lulofs & Jürgen Wiesner (eds.), Kommentierung, Überlieferung, Nachleben. De Gruyter. pp. 498-514.
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  9.  59
    Jeffrey Conditioning and External Bayesianity.Carl Wagner - 2010 - Logic Journal of the IGPL 18 (2):336-345.
    Suppose that several individuals who have separately assessed prior probability distributions over a set of possible states of the world wish to pool their individual distributions into a single group distribution, while taking into account jointly perceived new evidence. They have the option of first updating their individual priors and then pooling the resulting posteriors or first pooling their priors and then updating the resulting group prior. If the pooling method that they employ is such that they arrive at the (...)
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  10. Squaring the Circle in Descartes' Meditations: The Strong Validation of Reason.Stephen I. Wagner - 2014 - Cambridge University Press.
    Descartes' Meditations is one of the most thoroughly analyzed of all philosophical texts. Nevertheless, central issues in Descartes' thought remain unresolved, particularly the problem of the Cartesian Circle. Most attempts to deal with that problem have weakened the force of Descartes' own doubts or weakened the goals he was seeking. In this book, Stephen I. Wagner gives Descartes' doubts their strongest force and shows how he overcomes those doubts, establishing with metaphysical certainty the existence of a non-deceiving God and (...)
     
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  11.  41
    Old Evidence and New Explanation III.Carl G. Wagner - 2001 - Philosophy of Science 68 (3):S165 - S175.
    Garber (1983) and Jeffrey (1991, 1995) have both proposed solutions to the old evidence problem. Jeffrey's solution, based on a new probability revision method called reparation, has been generalized to the case of uncertain old evidence and probabilistic new explanation in Wagner 1997, 1999. The present paper reformulates some of the latter work, highlighting the central role of Bayes factors and their associated uniformity principle, and extending the analysis to the case in which an hypothesis bears on a countable (...)
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  12.  19
    Coset-Minimal Groups.Oleg Belegradek, Viktor Verbovskiy & Frank O. Wagner - 2003 - Annals of Pure and Applied Logic 121 (2-3):113-143.
    A totally ordered group G is called coset-minimal if every definable subset of G is a finite union of cosets of definable subgroups intersected with intervals with endpoints in G{±∞}. Continuing work in Belegradek et al. 1115) and Point and Wagner 261), we study coset-minimality, as well as two weak versions of the notion: eventual and ultimate coset-minimality. These groups are abelian; an eventually coset-minimal group, as a pure ordered group, is an ordered abelian group of finite regular rank. (...)
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  13.  28
    Allocation Aggregation for a Finite Valuation Domain.Carl Wagner - unknown
    A decision problem in which the values of the decision variables must sum to a fixed positive real number s is called an "allocation problem," and the problem of aggregating the allocations of n experts the "allocation aggregation problem." Under two simple axiomatic restrictions on aggregation, the only acceptable allocation aggregation method is based on weighted arithmetic averaging (Lehrer and Wagner, Rational Consensus in Science and Society, 1981). In this note it is demonstrated that when the values assigned to (...)
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  14. A Friendship That Lasted a Lifetime: The Correspondence Between Alfred Schutz and Eric Voegelin.Gerhard Wagner & Gilbert Weiss (eds.) - 2011 - University of Missouri.
    Scholarly correspondence can be as insightful as scholarly work itself, as it often documents the motivating forces of its writers’ intellectual ideas while illuminating their lives more clearly. The more complex the authors’ scholarly works and the more troubled the eras in which they lived, the more substantial, and potentially fascinating, their correspondence. This is especially true of the letters between Alfred Schutz and Eric Voegelin. The scholars lived in incredibly dramatic times and produced profound, complex works that continue to (...)
     
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  15.  27
    Personenidentität in der Welt der Begegnungen: Menschliche Persistenz, diachrone personale Identität und die psycho-physische Einheit der Person. De Gruyter 2013.Nils-Frederic Wagner - 2013 - De Gruyter.
    What does it mean to persist as an individual person throughout the course of a lifetime? Wagner develops a theory that regards persons as psychophysical actors whose identity is determined by the contingent de facto norms and structures of the world of action. Personal identity is understood as being a potentially mutable relationship that localizes our existence on a continuum between humanness and personhood.
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  16.  26
    Performing the Matrix: Mediating Cultural Performance.Meike Wagner & Wolf-Dieter Ernst (eds.) - 2008 - Epodium Verlag.
    Meike Wagner and Wolf-Dieter Ernst Performing the Matrix. Mediating Cultural Performances Neo: The matrix? Morpheus: Do you want to know what it is? ...
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  17.  2
    Lüge als Dichtungsprinzip Möglichkeiten und Grenzen der Sprache beim jungen Richard Wagner.Dorothea Rüland - 1986 - Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift für Literaturwissenschaft Und Geistesgeschichte 60 (1):24-41.
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  18.  63
    Deterministic Chaos and the Evolution of Meaning.Elliott O. Wagner - 2012 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 63 (3):547-575.
    Common wisdom holds that communication is impossible when messages are costless and communicators have totally opposed interests. This article demonstrates that such wisdom is false. Non-convergent dynamics can sustain partial information transfer even in a zero-sum signalling game. In particular, I investigate a signalling game in which messages are free, the state-act payoffs resemble rock–paper–scissors, and senders and receivers adjust their strategies according to the replicator dynamic. This system exhibits Hamiltonian chaos and trajectories do not converge to equilibria. This persistent (...)
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  19.  52
    Rational Consensus in Science and Society.Keith Lehrer & Carl Wagner - 1981 - Boston: D. Reidel.
    CONSENSUS AND PHILOSOPHICAL ISSUES Various atomistic and individualistic theories of knowledge, language, ethics and politics have dominated philosophical ...
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  20. Probability Kinematics and Commutativity.Carl G. Wagner - 2002 - Philosophy of Science 69 (2):266-278.
    The so-called "non-commutativity" of probability kinematics has caused much unjustified concern. When identical learning is properly represented, namely, by identical Bayes factors rather than identical posterior probabilities, then sequential probability-kinematical revisions behave just as they should. Our analysis is based on a variant of Field's reformulation of probability kinematics, divested of its (inessential) physicalist gloss.
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  21.  62
    Considerations in Ethical Decision-Making and Software Piracy.Suzanne C. Wagner & G. Lawrence Sanders - 2001 - Journal of Business Ethics 29 (1-2):161 - 167.
    Individuals are faced with the many opportunities to pirate. The decision to pirate or not may be related to an individual''s attitudes toward other ethical issues. A person''s ethical and moral predispositions and the judgments that they use to make decisions may be consistent across various ethical dilemmas and may indicate their likelihood to pirate software. This paper investigates the relationship between religion and a theoretical ethical decision making process that an individual uses when evaluating ethical or unethical situations. An (...)
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  22.  31
    The Character Concept in Evolutionary Biology.G. P. Wagner (ed.) - 2001 - Academic Press.
    " Because characters and the conception of characters are central to all studies of evolution, and because evolution is the central organizing principle of biology, this book will appeal to a wide cross-section of biologists.
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  23.  40
    Evolving to Divide the Fruits of Cooperation.Elliott O. Wagner - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (1):81-94.
  24.  29
    Interdisciplinary Workshop in the Philosophy of Medicine: Death.Stefan J. Wagner, Elselijn Kingma & M. M. McCabe - 2012 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 18 (5):1072–1078.
  25.  44
    ‘Green’ Human Resource Benefits: Do They Matter as Determinants of Environmental Management System Implementation? [REVIEW]Marcus Wagner - 2013 - Journal of Business Ethics 114 (3):443-456.
    This article analyses whether benefits arising for human resource management from environmental management activities drive environmental management system implementation. Focusing on employee satisfaction and recruitment/retention, it tests this for German manufacturing firms in 2001 and 2006 and incorporates a rare longitudinal element into the analysis. It confirms positive associations of the benefit levels for both variables with environmental management system implementation on a large scale. Also it provides evidence that increasing levels of environmental management system implementation result from higher economic (...)
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  26.  44
    Is Conditioning Really Incompatible with Holism?Carl Wagner - 2013 - Journal of Philosophical Logic 42 (2):409-414.
    Jonathan Weisberg claims that certain probability assessments constructed by Jeffrey conditioning resist subsequent revision by a certain type of after-the-fact defeater of the reasons supporting those assessments, and that such conditioning is thus “inherently anti-holistic.” His analysis founders, however, in applying Jeffrey conditioning to a partition for which an essential rigidity condition clearly fails. Applied to an appropriate partition, Jeffrey conditioning is amenable to revision by the sort of after-the-fact defeaters considered by Weisberg in precisely the way that he demands.
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  27. Alfred Schutz: An Intellectual Biography.Helmut R. Wagner - 1983 - University of Chicago Press.
  28.  51
    Corporate Social Performance and Innovation with High Social Benefits: A Quantitative Analysis. [REVIEW]Marcus Wagner - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 94 (4):581 - 594.
    This article analyses the link between innovation with high social benefits and corporate social performance (CSP) and the role that family firms play in this. This theme is particularly relevant given the large number of firms that are family-owned. Also the implicit potential of innovation to reconcile corporate sustainability aspects with profitability justifies an extended analysis of this link. Governments often support socially beneficial innovation with various policy instruments, with the intention of increasing international competitiveness and simultaneously supporting sustainable development. (...)
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  29. How Molecular is Molecular Developmental Biology? A Reply to Alex Rosenberg's Reductionism Redux: Computing the Embryo. [REVIEW]Manfred D. Laubichler & Günter P. Wagner - 2001 - Biology and Philosophy 16 (1):53-68.
    This paper argues in defense of theanti-reductionist consensus in the philosophy ofbiology. More specifically, it takes issues with AlexRosenberg's recent challenge of this position. Weargue that the results of modern developmentalgenetics rather than eliminating the need forfunctional kinds in explanations of developmentactually reinforce their importance.
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  30.  62
    Peer Disagreement and Independence Preservation.Carl Wagner - 2011 - Erkenntnis 74 (2):277-288.
    It has often been recommended that the differing probability distributions of a group of experts should be reconciled in such a way as to preserve each instance of independence common to all of their distributions. When probability pooling is subject to a universal domain condition, along with state-wise aggregation, there are severe limitations on implementing this recommendation. In particular, when the individuals are epistemic peers whose probability assessments are to be accorded equal weight, universal preservation of independence is, with a (...)
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  31.  60
    How Wide and How Deep is the Divide Between Population Genetics and Developmental Evolution?Günter P. Wagner - 2007 - Biology and Philosophy 22 (1):145-153.
  32.  24
    The Reciprocal and Non-Linear Relationship of Sustainability and Financial Performance.Marcus Wagner & Joris Blom - 2011 - Business Ethics 20 (4):418-432.
    The goal of this paper is to describe the link between financial performance and the level of sustainability. In a novel approach, the paper classifies firms based on past financial success to address a potentially reciprocal relationship. For the groups of better and worse performing firms and for the entire sample, the above link is then tested, also accounting for non-linearity in the relationship. We show that environmental management system (EMS) implementation as a proxy for a firm's sustainability level is (...)
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  33. Quasi-o-Minimal Structures.Oleg Belegradek, Ya'acov Peterzil & Frank Wagner - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (3):1115-1132.
    A structure (M, $ ,...) is called quasi-o-minimal if in any structure elementarily equivalent to it the definable subsets are exactly the Boolean combinations of 0-definable subsets and intervals. We give a series of natural examples of quasi-o-minimal structures which are not o-minimal; one of them is the ordered group of integers. We develop a technique to investigate quasi-o-minimality and use it to study quasi-o-minimal ordered groups (possibly with extra structure). Main results: any quasi-o-minimal ordered group is abelian; any quasi-o-minimal (...)
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  34.  50
    Modus Tollens Probabilized.Carl G. Wagner - 2004 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (4):747-753.
    We establish a probabilized version of modus tollens, deriving from p(E|H)=a and p()=b the best possible bounds on p(). In particular, we show that p() 1 as a, b 1, and also as a, b 0. Introduction Probabilities of conditionals Conditional probabilities 3.1 Adams' thesis 3.2 Modus ponens for conditional probabilities 3.3 Modus tollens for conditional probabilities.
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  35.  44
    Carnap's Ideal of Explication and Naturalism.Pierre Wagner (ed.) - 2012 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    Carnap's ideal of explication has become a key concept in analytic philosophy and the basis of a method of analysis which may be considered as an alternative to various forms of naturalism, including Quine's conception of a naturalized epistemology. More recently, new light has been shed on this aspect of the classical Carnap-Quine debate by contemporary philosophers. Whereas Michael Friedman articulated a notion of relativized a priori which owes much to Carnap's internal/external distinction, André Carus attempted to restate Carnap's ideal (...)
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  36.  47
    Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language.Pierre Wagner (ed.) - 2009 - Palgrave-Macmillan.
    This volumes aim is to provide an introduction to Carnaps book from a historical and philosophical perspective, each chapter focusing on one specific issue. The book will be of interest not only to Carnap scholars but to all those interested in the history of analytical philosophy.
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  37.  46
    Naturalism: A Critical Appraisal.Steven J. Wagner & Richard Warner (eds.) - 1993 - University of Notre Dame Press.
  38.  30
    Allocation, Lehrer Models, and the Consensus of Probabilities.Carl Wagner - 1982 - Theory and Decision 14 (2):207-220.
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  39.  32
    On the Formal Properties of Weighted Averaging as a Method of Aggregation.Carl Wagner - 1985 - Synthese 62 (1):97 - 108.
  40.  57
    Organism and Character Decomposition: Steps Towards an Integrative Theory of Biology.Manfred D. Laubichler & Gunter P. Wagner - 2000 - Philosophy of Science 67 (3):300.
    In this paper we argue that an operational organism concept can help to overcome the structural deficiency of mathematical models in biology. In our opinion, the structural deficiency of mathematical models lies mainly in our inability to identify functionally relevant biological characters in biological systems, and not so much in a lack of adequate mathematical representations of biological processes. We argue that the problem of character identification in biological systems is linked to the question of a properly formulated organism concept. (...)
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  41.  30
    The Analysis of Philosophy in Logical Syntax : Carnap's Critique and His Attempt at a Reconstruction.Pierre Wagner - 2009 - In Carnap's Logical Syntax of Language. Palgrave-Macmillan. pp. 184--202.
  42.  77
    The Role of Randomness in Darwinian Evolution.Andreas Wagner - 2012 - Philosophy of Science 79 (1):95-119.
  43.  33
    Towards a Theory of Synagonism.Nathalie Karagiannis & Peter Wagner - 2005 - Journal of Political Philosophy 13 (3):235–262.
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  44.  37
    Consensus Through Respect: A Model of Rational Group Decision-Making.Carl Wagner - 1978 - Philosophical Studies 34 (4):335 - 349.
  45. Liftez Les Sylows! Une Suite À "Sous-Groupes Périodiques d'Un Groupe Stable".Bruno Poizat & Frank O. Wagner - 2000 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 65 (2):703-704.
    If G is an omega-stable group with a normal definable subgroup H, then the Sylow-2-subgroups of G/H are the images of the Sylow-2-subgroups of G. /// Sei G eine omega-stabile Gruppe und H ein definierbarer Normalteiler von G. Dann sind die Sylow-2-Untergruppen von G/H Bilder der Sylow-2-Untergruppen von G.
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  46. Causality in Complex Systems.Andreas Wagner - 1999 - Biology and Philosophy 14 (1):83-101.
    Systems involving many interacting variables are at the heart of the natural and social sciences. Causal language is pervasive in the analysis of such systems, especially when insight into their behavior is translated into policy decisions. This is exemplified by economics, but to an increasing extent also by biology, due to the advent of sophisticated tools to identify the genetic basis of many diseases. It is argued here that a regularity notion of causality can only be meaningfully defined for systems (...)
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  47. Quasi-Endomorphisms in Small Stable Groups.Frank O. Wagner - 1993 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 58 (3):1044-1051.
    We generalise various properties of quasiendomorphisms from groups with regular generic to small abelian groups. In particular, for a small abelian group such that no infinite definable quotient is connected-by-finite, the ring of quasi-endomorphisms is locally finite. Under some additional assumptions, it decomposes modulo some nil ideal into a sum of finitely many matrix rings.
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  48.  11
    Hyperdefinable Groups in Simple Theories.Frank Wagner - 2001 - Journal of Mathematical Logic 1 (01):125-172.
    We study hyperdefinable groups, the most general kind of groups interpretable in a simple theory. After developing their basic theory, we prove the appropriate versions of Hrushovski's group quotient theorem and the Weil–Hrushovski group chunk theorem. We also study locally modular hyperdefinable groups and prove that they are bounded-by-Abelian-by-bounded. Finally, we analyze hyperdefinable groups in supersimple theories.
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  49.  46
    Probability Amalgamation and the Independence Issue: A Reply to Laddaga.Keith Lehrer & Carl Wagner - 1983 - Synthese 55 (3):339 - 346.
  50.  27
    Using Preimplantation Genetic Diagnosis to Create a Stem Cell Donor: Issues, Guidelines & Limits.Susan M. Wolf, Jeffrey P. Kahn & John E. Wagner - 2003 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 31 (3):327-339.
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