Results for 'Dorothy E. Roberts'

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  1.  21
    Legal Constraints on the Use of Race in Biomedical Research: Toward a Social Justice Framework.Dorothy E. Roberts - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (3):526-534.
    This article addresses three questions concerning the legal regulation of the use of race as a category in biomedical research: how does the law currently encourage the use of race in biomedical research?; how might the existing legal framework constrain its use?; and what should be the law's approach to race-based biomedical research? It proposes a social justice approach that aims to promote racial equality by discouraging the use of “race” as a biological category while encouraging its use as a (...)
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  2. Is Race-Based Medicine Good for Us?: African American Approaches to Race, Biomedicine, and Equality.Dorothy E. Roberts - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):537-545.
    Public discourse on race-specific medicine typically erects a wall between the scientific use of race as a biological category and the ideological battle over race as a social identity. Scientists often address the potential for these therapeutics to reinforce a damaging understanding of “race” with precautions for using them rather than questioning their very development. For example, Esteban Gonzalez Burchard, an associate professor of medicine and biopharmaceutical sciences at the University of California, San Francisco, states, “We do see racial differences (...)
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  3.  45
    Is Race-Based Medicine Good for Us?: African American Approaches to Race, Biomedicine, and Equality.Dorothy E. Roberts - 2008 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 36 (3):537-545.
    Public discourse on race-specific medicine typically erects a wall between the scientific use of race as a biological category and the ideological battle over race as a social identity. Scientists often address the potential for these therapeutics to reinforce a damaging understanding of “race” with precautions for using them rather than questioning their very development. For example, Esteban Gonzalez Burchard, an associate professor of medicine and biopharmaceutical sciences at the University of California, San Francisco, states, “We do see racial differences (...)
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  4.  15
    Legal Constraints on the Use of Race in Biomedical Research: Toward a Social Justice Framework.Dorothy E. Roberts - 2006 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 34 (3):526-534.
    The scientific validity of racial categories has been the subject of debate among population geneticists, evolutionary biologists, and physical anthropologists for several decades. After World War II, the rejection of eugenics, which had supported sterilization laws and other destructive programs in the United States, generated a compelling critique of the biological basis of race. The classification of human beings into distinct biological “races” is a relatively recent invention propped up by deeply flawed evidence and historically providing the foundation of racist (...)
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  5.  26
    Rationing, racism and justice: advancing the debate around ‘colourblind’ COVID-19 ventilator allocation.Harald Schmidt, Dorothy E. Roberts & Nwamaka D. Eneanya - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):126-130.
    Withholding or withdrawing life-saving ventilators can become necessary when resources are insufficient. In the USA, such rationing has unique social justice dimensions. Structural elements of dominant allocation frameworks simultaneously advantage white communities, and disadvantage Black communities—who already experience a disproportionate burden of COVID-19-related job losses, hospitalisations and mortality. Using the example of New Jersey’s Crisis Standard of Care policy, we describe how dominant rationing guidance compounds for many Black patients prior unfair structural disadvantage, chiefly due to the way creatinine and (...)
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  6.  11
    Sequential organ failure assessment, ventilator rationing and evolving triage guidance: new evidence underlines the need to recognise and revise, unjust allocation frameworks.Harald Schmidt, Dorothy E. Roberts & Nwamaka D. Eneanya - 2022 - Journal of Medical Ethics 48 (2):136-138.
    We respond to recent comments on our proposal to improve justice in ventilator triage, in which we used as an example New Jersey’s publicly available and legally binding Directive Number 2020-03. We agree with Bernard Lo and Doug White that equity implications of triage frameworks should be continually reassessed, which is why we offered six concrete options for improvement, and called for monitoring the consequences of adopted triage models. We disagree with their assessment that we mis-characterised their Model Guidance, as (...)
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  7.  16
    The Tanner Lectures on Human Values.Rosa Braidotti, Radhika Coomaraswamy, Richard Kraut, Dorothy E. Roberts, Seana Valentine Shiffrin, Melanne Verveer & Mark Matheson (eds.) - 2018 - Salt Lake City: The University of Utah Press.
    Volume 39 of the Tanner Lectures on Human Values includes lectures initially scheduled during the academic year 2019-2020. Owing to the global coronavirus pandemic, some were delivered at a later date. The Tanner Lectures are published in an annual volume. In addition to permanent lectures at nine universities, the Tanner Lectures on Human Values funds special one-time lectures at selected higher educational institutions in the United States and around the world.
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  8.  14
    Centering the relationship between structural racism and individual bias.Agustín Fuentes, Laurence Ralph & Dorothy E. Roberts - 2022 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 45.
    Cesario misrepresents or ignores data on real-world racist and sexist patterns and processes in an attempt to discredit the assumptions of implicit bias experimentation. His position stands in stark contradiction to substantive research across the social sciences recognizing the widespread, systematic, and structuring processes of racism and sexism. We argue for centering the relationship between structural racism and individual bias.
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  9.  15
    Reduction of redundant stimulus information in short-term memory.Robert E. Morin, Dorothy S. Konick & Kenneth L. Hoving - 1973 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 2 (1):29-30.
  10.  9
    Characterizing Early Maternal Style in a Population of Guide Dogs.Emily E. Bray, Mary D. Sammel, Dorothy L. Cheney, James A. Serpell & Robert M. Seyfarth - 2017 - Frontiers in Psychology 8.
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  11.  30
    Short notices.A. C. F. Beales, R. F. Dearden, W. B. Inglis, R. R. Dale, Gordon R. Cross, John Hayes, S. Leslie Hunter, Robert J. Hoare, M. F. Cleugh, T. Desmond Morrow, Dorothy A. Wakeford, W. H. Burston, P. H. J. H. Gosden, Evelyn E. Cowie, Kartick C. Mukherjee, J. M. Wilson, H. C. Barnard & David Johnston - 1968 - British Journal of Educational Studies 16 (1):98-112.
  12.  60
    Critical periods after stroke study: translating animal stroke recovery experiments into a clinical trial.Alexander W. Dromerick, Matthew A. Edwardson, Dorothy F. Edwards, Margot L. Giannetti, Jessica Barth, Kathaleen P. Brady, Evan Chan, Ming T. Tan, Irfan Tamboli, Ruth Chia, Michael Orquiza, Robert M. Padilla, Amrita K. Cheema, Mark E. Mapstone, Massimo S. Fiandaca, Howard J. Federoff & Elissa L. Newport - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  13.  13
    Martin Buber's Ontology.Robert E. Wood.Dorothy Emmet - 1970 - Journal of the British Society for Phenomenology 1 (3):91-92.
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  14. Dorothy E. Roberts.Punishing Drug Addicts Who Have Babies - 2006 - In Elizabeth Hackett & Sally Anne Haslanger (eds.), Theorizing Feminisms: A Reader. Oxford University Press.
     
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  15.  74
    What Hume Actually Said About Miracles.Robert J. Fogelin - 1990 - Hume Studies 16 (1):81-86.
    In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content:What Hume Actually Said About Miracles Robert J. Fogelin Two things are commonly said about Hume's treatment ofmiracles in the first part of Section X of the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding: I.Hume did not put forward an a priori argument intended to show that miracles are not possible. II.Hume did put forward an a priori argument intended to show that testimony, however strong, could never make it reasonable to (...)
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  16. A feminist methodology.Dorothy E. Smith - 2002 - In Ben Highmore (ed.), The everyday life reader. New York: Routledge.
  17.  7
    In Memoriam: Robert K. Merton, Dorothy Nelkin, and David Edge: Presidential Address, Annual Meeting 2003, Atlanta, GA.Wiebe E. Bijker - 2004 - Science, Technology and Human Values 29 (2):131-138.
    At the occasion of the annual banquet of the Society for Social Studies of Science, the President commemorated Robert K. Merton, Dorothy Nelkin, and David Edge, who all died in 2003. The address highlights some of the contributions of these three scholars and past presidents to the development of the social studies of science, and to 4S.
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  18. The best test theory of extension: First principle(s).Robert D. Rupert - 1999 - Mind and Language 14 (3):321–355.
    This paper presents the leading idea of my doctoral dissertation and thus has been shaped by the reactions of all the members of my thesis committee: Charles Chastain, Walter Edelberg, W. Kent Wilson, Dorothy Grover, and Charles Marks. I am especially grateful for the help of Professors Chastain, Edelberg, and Wilson; each worked closely with me at one stage or another in the development of the ideas contained in the present work. Shorter versions of this paper were presented at (...)
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  19.  16
    Ideology, Science and Social Relations: A Reinterpretation of Marx’s Epistemology.Dorothy E. Smith - 2004 - European Journal of Social Theory 7 (4):445-462.
    The article argues that Marx’s use of the concept of ideology in The German Ideology is incidental to a sustained critique of how those he described as the German ideologists think and reason about society and history and that this critique is not simply of an idealist theory that represents society and history as determined by consciousness but of methods of reasoning that treat concepts, even of those of political economy, as determinants. His view of how consciousness is determined historically (...)
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  20.  7
    Categories Are Not Enough.Dorothy E. Smith - 2009 - Gender and Society 23 (1):76-80.
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  21. Sociology from women's experience: A reaffirmation.Dorothy E. Smith - 1992 - Sociological Theory 10 (1):88-98.
  22.  45
    The Conceptual Practices of Power [1990].Dorothy E. Smith - 2007 - In Craig J. Calhoun (ed.), Contemporary Sociological Theory. Blackwell. pp. 2--318.
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  23.  12
    Sociology from women's perspective: Arcaifirmation.Dorothy E. Smith - 1992 - Sociological Theory 10 (1):88-97.
  24.  9
    Response to Susan Mann and Lori Kelley.Dorothy E. Smith - 1997 - Gender and Society 11 (6):819-821.
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  25.  15
    Strategies for Achieving High-Quality IRB Review.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais & Thomas B. Freeman - 2004 - American Journal of Bioethics 4 (3):74-76.
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  26.  22
    Health Care Workers' Willingness to Work in a Pandemic.Dorothy E. Vawter, J. Eline Garrett, Angela W. Prehn & Karen G. Gervais - 2008 - American Journal of Bioethics 8 (8):21-23.
  27.  7
    Facilitation and interference in performance on the modified Mashburn apparatus: II. The effects of varying the amount of interpolated learning.Dorothy E. McAllister & Don Lewis - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (5):356.
  28.  13
    Pseudoavoidance responses in two-way avoidance learning.Dorothy E. McAllister & Wallace R. McAllister - 1979 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 13 (5):317-319.
  29. Women's policy agencies and climate change in the US : the era of republican dominance.Dorothy E. McBride - 2007 - In Johanna Kantola & Joyce Outshoorn (eds.), Changing State Feminism. Palgrave-Macmillan.
  30.  31
    Dueling ethical frameworks for allocating health resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, J. Eline Garrett, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (4):54 – 56.
  31. Social context in massively-multiplayer online games (MMOGs): ethical questions in shared space.Dorothy E. Warner & Mike Raiter - 2005 - International Review of Information Ethics 4 (7):46-52.
    Computer and video games have become nearly ubiquitous among individuals in industrialized nations, and they have received increasing attention from researchers across many areas of scientific study. However, relatively little attention has been given to Massively-Multiplayer Online Games . The unique social context of MMOGs raises ethical questions about how communication occurs and how conflict is managed in the game world. In order to explore these questions, we compare the social context in Blizzard’s World of Warcraft and Disney’s Toontown, focusing (...)
     
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  32.  17
    Does Placebo Surgery-Controlled Research Call for New Provisions to Protect Human Research Participants?Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais & Thomas B. Freeman - 2003 - American Journal of Bioethics 3 (4):50-53.
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  33.  24
    Attending to Social Vulnerability When Rationing Pandemic Resources.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais, Angela Witt Prehn & Debra A. DeBruin - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (1):42-53.
    Pandemic plans are increasingly attending to groups experiencing health disparities and other social vulnerabilities. Although some pandemic guidance is silent on the issue, guidance that attends to socially vulnerable groups ranges widely, some procedural (often calling for public engagement), and some substantive. Public engagement objectives vary from merely educational to seeking reflective input into the ethical commitments that should guide pandemic planning and response. Some plans that concern rationing during a severe pandemic recommend ways to protect socially vulnerable groups without (...)
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  34.  17
    Bill to Resume Federal Funding of Fetal Tissue Transplantation Is Damaging to Women.Dorothy E. Vawter, Karen G. Gervais & Warren Kearney - 1991 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 13 (5):11.
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  35.  12
    "Commentary on" Abortion and fetal tissue transplantation.Dorothy E. Vawter & Karen G. Gervais - 1992 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 15 (3):4-5.
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  36. Fetal Tissue Update.Dorothy E. Vawter - 1992 - Hastings Center Report 22 (2):3-3.
     
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  37.  25
    Palliative Care Ethics: A Case Commentary on Discontinuing Interventions at the End of Life.Dorothy E. Vawter, David Engelstad & Jason Kallestad - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (7):58-60.
  38.  21
    Another “Just So” story: How the leopardguarders spot.Dorothy Cheney & Robert Seyfarth - 1988 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):506.
  39.  23
    Mirrors and the attribution of mental states.Dorothy Cheney & Robert Seyfarth - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):574-577.
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  40.  13
    Increase over time in the stimulus generalization of acquired fear.Wallace R. McAllister & Dorothy E. McAllister - 1963 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 65 (6):576.
  41.  16
    Attention in the classroom.Dorothy Piontkowski & Robert Calfee - 1979 - In G. Hale & M. Lewis (eds.), Attention and Cognitive Development. Plenum.. pp. 297--329.
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  42.  37
    No end of a problem. Telomeres (1995). Edited by Elizabeth M. Blackburn and Carol W. Greider. Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press. pp x+396. $80. ISBN 0 87696 457 2. [REVIEW]Dorothy E. Shippen & Meni Melek - 1997 - Bioessays 19 (3):268-269.
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  43.  63
    On sociological description: A method from Marx. [REVIEW]Dorothy E. Smith - 1979 - Human Studies 4 (1):313 - 337.
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  44.  32
    Minnesota center for health care ethics.Karen G. Gervais, Dorothy E. Vawter & Emily Spilseth - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (2-3):183-197.
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  45. Readings in rehabilitation ethics.Karen G. Gervais, Dorothy E. Vawter & Emily Spilseth - 1995 - HEC Forum 7 (2):183-197.
     
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  46.  23
    Facilitation and interference in performance on the modified Mashburn apparatus: I. The effects of varying the amount of original learning.Don Lewis, Dorothy E. McAllister & Jack A. Adams - 1951 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 41 (4):247.
  47.  67
    No one commits suicide: Textual analysis of ideological practices. [REVIEW]Dorothy E. Smith - 1983 - Human Studies 6 (1):309 - 359.
  48.  38
    Eighteenth-Century Medics: Subscriptions, Licences, Apprenticeships. P. J. Wallis, R. V. Wallis, J. L. L. Burnby, T. D. Whittet. [REVIEW]Dorothy E. Porter - 1991 - Isis 82 (1):180-181.
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  49.  26
    Chromosome healing: Spontaneous and programmed de novo telomere formation by telomerase.Meni Melek & Dorothy E. Shippen - 1996 - Bioessays 18 (4):301-308.
    Telomeres are protective caps for chromosome ends that are essential for genome stability. Broken chromosomes missing a telomere will not be maintained unless the chromosome is ‘healed’ with the formation of a new telomere. Chromosome healing can be a programmed event following developmentally regulated chromosome fragmentation, or it may occur spontaneously when a chromosome is accidentally broken. In this article we discuss the consequences of telomere loss and the possible mechanisms that the enzyme telomerase employs to form telomeres de novo (...)
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  50.  13
    Are the concepts of enhancement and preparedness necessary?Wallace R. McAllister & Dorothy E. McAllister - 1979 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 2 (2):177-178.
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