Results for 'Douglas A. Marshall'

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  1.  48
    Behavior, Belonging, and Belief: A Theory of Ritual Practice.Douglas A. Marshall - 2002 - Sociological Theory 20 (3):360-380.
    A new model of ritual based on Durkheim's ([1912] 1995) theory is developed. It is argued that ritual practices generate belief and belonging in participants by activating multiple social-psychological mechanisms that interactively create the characteristic outcomes of ritual. Specifically, the distinctive elements of ritual practice are shown to induce altered subjective states and effortful and/or anomalous behaviors, which are subsequently misattributed in such a way that belief and belonging are created or maintained around the focus of ritual attention. These processes (...)
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  2.  12
    Exploring the Symbolic/Subsymbolic Continuum: A Case Study of RAAM.Douglas S. Blank, Lisa A. Meeden & James B. Marshall - 1992 - In J. Dinsmore (ed.), The Symbolic and Connectionist Paradigms: Closing the Gap. Lawrence Erlbaum. pp. 113--148.
  3. A Short History of Greek Philosophy / by John Marshall.John Marshall - 1891 - Percival & Co.
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  4. The Ethics of John Stuart Mill [a System of Logic, Book 6 and Utilitarianism] Ed. With Intr. Essays by C. Douglas.John Stuart Mill & Charles Mackinnon Douglas - 1897
     
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  5.  14
    Temptation, Tradition, and Taboo: A Theory of Sacralization.Douglas A. Marshall - 2010 - Sociological Theory 28 (1):64-90.
    A theory of sacralization is offered in which the sacred emerges from the collision of temptation and tradition. It is proposed that when innate or acquired desires to behave in one way conflict with socially acquired and/or mediated drives to behave in another way, actors ascribe sacredness to the objects of their action as a means of reconciling the difference between their desired and actual behavior toward those objects. After establishing the sacred as a theoretical construct, the theory is sketched (...)
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  6.  1
    Classics in Secondary Schools: A Sampling of Administrative Opinion.J. C. Douglas Marshall - 1973 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 67 (1):8.
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  7.  4
    Richard Rorty: Education, Philosophy, and Politics.Michael A. Peters, Paulo Ghiraldelli, Steven Best, Ramin Farahmandpur, Jim Garrison, Douglas Kellner, James D. Marshall, Peter McLaren, Michael Peters, Björn Ramberg, Alberto Tosi Rodrigues, Juha Suoranta & Kenneth Wain - 2001 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    This distinctive collection by scholars from around the world focuses upon the cultural, educational, and political significance of Richard Rorty's thought. The nine essays which comprise the collection examine a variety of related themes: Rorty's neopragmatism, his view of philosophy, his philosophy of education and culture, Rorty's comparison between Dewey and Foucault, his relation to postmodern theory, and, also his form of political liberalism.
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  8. The Development and Trials of a Decision-Making Model.Robert Keith Shaw, Michael A. Peters & James D. Marshall - 1986 - Evaluation Review, 10 (1):5-27.
    We describe an evaluation undertaken on contract for the New Zealand State Services Commission of a major project (the Administrative Decision-Making Skills Project) designed to produce a model of administrative decision making and an associated teaching/learning packagefor use by government officers. It describes the evaluation of a philosophical model of decision making and the associated teaching/learning package in the setting of the New Zealand Public Service, where a deliberate attempt has been initiated to improve the quality of decision making, especially (...)
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  9.  3
    He Drove Forward with a Yell: Anger in Medicine and Homer.A. Bleakley, R. Marshall & D. Levine - 2014 - Medical Humanities 40 (1):22-30.
    We use Homer and Sun Tzu as a background to better understand and reformulate confrontation, anger and violence in medicine, contrasting an unproductive ‘love of war’ with a productive ‘art of war’ or ‘art of strategy’. At first glance, it is a paradox that the healing art is not pacific, but riddled with militaristic language and practices. On closer inspection, we find good reasons for this cultural paradox yet regret its presence. Drawing on insights from Homer's The Iliad and The (...)
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  10.  22
    The Incompatibility of Punishment and Moral Education: A Reply to Peter Hobson.James D. Marshall - 1989 - Journal of Moral Education 18 (2):144-147.
    Abstract In his paper ?The compatibility of punishment and moral education?, Hobson (1986) attempts to refute arguments which I had advanced (Marshall, 1984) to the effect that there were incompatibilities between claims to be morally educating children and to be punishing them. I wish to point out in Hobson's paper some questionable interpretations of the punishment literature and a serious flaw in the argument. More importantly, I wish to advance the debate by recourse to historical material and the work (...)
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  11.  27
    A Postmodern Natural History of the World: Eviscerating the GUTs From Ecology and Environmentalism.A. Marshall - 1998 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C 29 (1):137-164.
    Postmodernism was not launched by the development of Warholesque pop art in the 1960s, nor was it initiated by the explosive destruction of the Pruitt-Igoe modern housing project of St Louis, Missouri in 1972, or by the commissioning of Jean-Francois Lyotard's work on knowledge in advanced societies by the Quebec government in the late 1970s. Postmodernism began with the publication of a paper entitled `The individualistic concept of plant the association' in 1926 by the plant ecologist Henry Gleason. If we (...)
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  12.  4
    Voluntary Participation and Comprehension of Informed Consent in a Genetic Epidemiological Study of Breast Cancer in Nigeria.Patricia A. Marshall, Clement A. Adebamowo, Adebowale A. Adeyemo, Temidayo O. Ogundiran, Teri Strenski, Jie Zhou & Charles N. Rotimi - 2014 - BMC Medical Ethics 15 (1):38.
    Studies on informed consent to medical research conducted in low or middle-income settings have increased, including empirical investigations of consent to genetic research. We investigated voluntary participation and comprehension of informed consent among women involved in a genetic epidemiological study on breast cancer in an urban setting of Nigeria comparing women in the case and control groups.
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  13.  4
    Requested Allocation of a Deceased Donor Organ: Laws and Misconceptions.J. F. Douglas & A. J. Cronin - 2010 - Journal of Medical Ethics 36 (6):321-321.
    In the Laura Ashworth case in 2008, the Human Tissue Authority considered itself bound to overturn a deceased daughter's alleged wish that one of her kidneys should go to her mother, who at the time had end stage kidney failure and was on dialysis. 12 This was so even though Laura's earlier wish to be a living donor would most likely have been authorised, had the formal assessment process begun. The decision provoked much criticism. The recent Department of Health document (...)
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  14.  10
    Richard A. Lanham: A Handlist of Rhetorical Terms. Pp. 8+148. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1968. Cloth, $6.50. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1973 - The Classical Review 23 (01):99-.
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  15.  13
    Seneca's Troades Elaine Fantham: Seneca's Troades. A Literary Introduction with Text, Introduction and Commentary. Pp. Xii + 412. Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1983. £31.60. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1985 - The Classical Review 35 (01):33-34.
  16.  18
    Frances A. Yates: The Art of Memory. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1968 - The Classical Review 18 (01):118-.
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  17.  16
    Theory and Practice of Latin Prose Style A. D. Leeman: Orationis Ratio: The Stylistic Theories and Practice of the Roman Orators, Historians and Philosophers. 2 Vols. Pp. 558. Amsterdam: Hakkert, 1963. Cloth. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1965 - The Classical Review 15 (03):325-327.
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  18.  15
    A Comprehensive Handbook of Rhetoric Heinrich Lausberg: Handbuch der literarischen Rhetorik. 2 vols. Pp. 957. Munich: Max Hueber, 1960. Cloth, DM. 54. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1962 - The Classical Review 12 (03):246-247.
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  19.  14
    Cicero Elizabeth Rawson: Cicero, a Portrait. Pp. Xvi + 341; 8 Plates. London: Allen Lane, 1975. Cloth, £5·50. Maria Bellincioni: Cicerone Politico Nell' Ultimo Anno di Vita. (Antichità Classica E Cristiana, 12.) Pp. 300. Brescia: Paideia, 1974. Paper, L. 5,000. Michael Grant: Cicero: Murder Trials. Pp. 368. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1975. Paper, 80 P. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (02):259-261.
  20. Tusculan Disputations Ii & V with a Summary of Iii & Iv.Marcus Tullius Cicero & A. E. Douglas - 1990
  21. A Comparison of Propensity Score-Based Approaches to Health Service Evaluation: A Case Study of a Preoperative Physician-Led Clinic for High-Risk Surgical Patients.Clarabelle T. Pham, Catherine L. Gibb, Murthy N. Mittinty, Robert A. Fitridge, Villis R. Marshall & Jonathan D. Karnon - 2016 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 22 (5):761-770.
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  22. Does Kant Demand Explanations for All Synthetic A Priori Claims?Colin Marshall - 2014 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 52 (3):549-576.
    in his prolegomena to any future metaphysics, Kant states that “[a]ll metaphysicians are … suspended from their occupations until such a time as they will have satisfactorily answered the question: How are synthetic cognitions a priori possible?” (Prolegomena, 4:278).1 In the Critique of Pure Reason, Kant describes the issue of the synthetic a priori as “[t]he real problem of pure reason” (B19), and in the Critique of the Power of Judgment as “the general problem of transcendental philosophy” (Judgment, 5:289). Kant (...)
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  23.  58
    Manalive a Collection of Reviews.R. A. Scott-James, James Douglas, Rebecca West & O. W. Firkins - 2012 - The Chesterton Review 38 (1-2):207-232.
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  24. A Contextual Approach to Clinical Ethics Consultation.Patricia A. Marshall - 2001 - In C. Barry Hoffmaster (ed.), Bioethics in Social Context. Temple University Press. pp. 137--152.
     
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  25.  11
    The Works of Aristotle De Motu Animalium; De Incessu Animalium. By A. S. L. Farquharson. Translated Into English Under the Editorship of S. A. Smith and W. D. Ross. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1913. 2S. Net. [REVIEW]F. H. A. Marshall - 1913 - The Classical Review 27 (08):283-284.
  26.  17
    The Works of Aristotle The Works of Aristotle. Translated Into English Under the Editorship of J. A. Smith and W. D. Ross. Vol. IV. Historia Animalium, by D'Arcy Wentworth Thompson. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910. Price 10s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW]F. H. A. Marshall - 1911 - The Classical Review 25 (07):208-209.
  27.  14
    The Works of Aristotle The Works of Aristotle. Translated Into English Under the Editorship of J. A. Smith and W. D. Ross. De Generatione Animalium, by Arthur Platt. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1910. 7s. 6d. Net. [REVIEW]F. H. A. Marshall - 1911 - The Classical Review 25 (03):85-87.
  28.  7
    A Thousand Marriages: A Medical Study of Sex Adjustment.F. H. A. Marshall - 1932 - The Eugenics Review 24 (2):143.
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  29.  13
    The Works of Aristotle De Partibus Animalium. By William Ogle. Translated Into English Under the Editorship of J. A. Smith and W. D. Ross. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1911. 5s. Net. [REVIEW]F. H. A. Marshall - 1912 - The Classical Review 26 (06):186-188.
  30.  5
    A Final Note on Implicit/Explicit Speech Equivalence.Philip H. Marshall & Sarah A. Cartwright - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 15 (6):409-409.
  31.  4
    Catalogue of the Jewellery, Greek, Etruscan, and Roman, in the Departments of Antiquities, British MuseumThe Greek CommonwealthThucydides and the History of His AgeStaat Und Gesellschaft der Griechen Und RomerBritish School of Archaeology in Egypt. Studies. Vol. IIHellenistic AthensDas Altertum Im Leben der GegenwartDie Anschauungen Vom Wesen des GriechentumsLes Secretaires AtheniensThe Imperial Administrative System in the Ninth Century with a Revised Text of the Kletorologion of Philotheos. [REVIEW]Norman H. Baynes, F. H. Marshall, A. E. Zimmern, G. B. Grundy, U. V. Wilamowitz-Moellendorff, B. Niese, William Scott Ferguson, P. Cauer, G. Billeter, Maurice Brillant & J. B. Bury - 1911 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 31:315.
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  32.  9
    A Breakfast for Barbarians. By Gwendolyn MacEwen. Toronto, The Ryerson Press, 1966. Ix, 53, $3.95.T. A. Marshall - 1966 - Dialogue 5 (2):290-292.
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  33. Frustration as a Consequence of Inconsistent Reward in Children with Adhd.A. Amsel, T. Wigal, Jm Swanson, Kk Fulbright & Vi Douglas - 1990 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 28 (6):481-481.
     
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  34. Polycrystalline Patterns in Far-From-Equilibrium Freezing: A Phase Field Study.L. Gránásy, T. Pusztai, T. Börzsönyi, G. I. Tóth, G. Tegze, J. A. Warren & J. F. Douglas - 2006 - Philosophical Magazine 86 (24):3757-3778.
  35. Lessons in Power Sharing and Lessons in Leadership Shaping Within the Forums of Campus Governance : A Concerto in C Minor.William J. A. Marshall - 2006 - In Francis M. Duffy (ed.), Power, Politics, and Ethics in School Districts: Dynamic Leadership for Systemic Change. Rowman & Littlefield Education.
     
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  36.  86
    Moral Enhancement Via Direct Emotion Modulation: A Reply to John Harris.Thomas Douglas - 2013 - Bioethics 27 (3):160-168.
    Some argue that humans should enhance their moral capacities by adopting institutions that facilitate morally good motives and behaviour. I have defended a parallel claim: that we could permissibly use biomedical technologies to enhance our moral capacities, for example by attenuating certain counter-moral emotions. John Harris has recently responded to my argument by raising three concerns about the direct modulation of emotions as a means to moral enhancement. He argues that such means will be relatively ineffective in bringing about moral (...)
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  37.  30
    Leibniz.Douglas Bertrand Marshall - 2011 - The Leibniz Review 21:9-32.
    Leibniz holds that nothing in nature strictly corresponds to any geometric curve or surface.Yet on Leibniz’s view, physicists are usually able to ignore any such lack of correspondence and to investigate nature using geometric representations. The primary goal of this essay is to elucidate Leibniz’s explanation of how physicists are able to investigate nature geometrically, focussing on two of his claims: there can be things innature which approximate geometric objects to within any given margin of error; the truths of geometry (...)
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  38.  8
    Galileo’s Defense of the Application of Geometry to Physics in the Dialogue.Douglas Bertrand Marshall - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (2):178-187.
  39.  1
    Catullus 99.J. C. Douglas Marshall - 1971 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 65 (2):57.
  40. Weighing Complex Evidence in a Democratic Society.Heather Douglas - 2012 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 22 (2):139-162.
    Weighing complex sets of evidence (i.e., from multiple disciplines and often divergent in implications) is increasingly central to properly informed decision-making. Determining “where the weight of evidence lies” is essential both for making maximal use of available evidence and figuring out what to make of such evidence. Weighing evidence in this sense requires an approach that can handle a wide range of evidential sources (completeness), that can combine the evidence with rigor, and that can do so in a way other (...)
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  41.  29
    A Puzzle for Modal Realism.Dan Marshall - 2016 - Philosophers' Imprint 16 (19).
    Modal realists face a puzzle. For modal realism to be justified, modal realists need to be able to give a successful reduction of modality. A simple argument, however, appears to show that the reduction they propose fails. In order to defend the claim that modal realism is justified, modal realists therefore need to either show that this argument fails, or show that modal realists can give another reduction of modality that is successful. I argue that modal realists cannot do either (...)
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  42.  28
    Cultural and Ethical Effects in Budgeting Systems: A Comparison of U.S. And Chinese Managers.Patricia Casey Douglas & Benson Wier - 2005 - Journal of Business Ethics 60 (2):159-174.
    This study developed and tested a model of culture’s effect on budgeting systems, and hypothesized that system variables and reactions to them are influenced by culture-specific work-related and ethical values. Most organizational and behavioral views of budgeting fail to acknowledge the ethical components of the problem, and have largely ignored the role of culture in shaping organizational and individual values. Cross-cultural differences in reactions to system design variables, and in the behaviors motivated or mitigated by those variables, has implications for (...)
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  43.  12
    Integrating Ethical Dimensions Into a Model of Budgetary Slack Creation.Patricia Casey Douglas & Benson Wier - 2000 - Journal of Business Ethics 28 (3):267 - 277.
    The "Ibercorp affair" was front-page news in Spain at various times between 1992 and 1995. In itself, there was nothing particularly new about it: a newly formed financial group engaged in legally and ethically reprehensible behaviour that eventually came to light in the media, ruining the company (and the careers of those involved). What aroused public interest at the time was the fact that it involved individuals connected with Spanish public and political life, the media and certain business circles. Above (...)
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  44.  12
    Toward an Aesthetic Medicine: Developing a Core Medical Humanities Undergraduate Curriculum. [REVIEW]Alan Bleakley, Robert Marshall & Rainer Brömer - 2006 - Journal of Medical Humanities 27 (4):197-213.
    The medical humanities are often implemented in the undergraduate medicine curriculum through injection of discrete option courses as compensation for an overdose of science. The medical humanities may be reformulated as process and perspective, rather than content, where the curriculum is viewed as an aesthetic text and learning as aesthetic and ethical identity formation. This article suggests that a “humanities” perspective may be inherent to the life sciences required for study of medicine. The medical humanities emerge as a revelation of (...)
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  45.  5
    The Harms of Status Enhancement Could Be Compensated or Outweighed: A Response to Agar.T. Douglas - 2013 - Journal of Medical Ethics 39 (2):75-76.
    Nicholas Agar argues, that enhancement technologies could be used to create post-persons—beings of higher moral status than ordinary persons—and that it would be wrong to create such beings.1 I am sympathetic to the first claim. However, I wish to take issue with the second.Agar's second claim is grounded on the prediction that the creation of post-persons would, with at least moderate probability, harm those who remain mere persons. The harm that Agar has in mind here is a kind of meta-harm: (...)
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  46.  53
    A Critical Theory of the Self: Wittgenstein, Nietzsche, Foucault.James D. Marshall - 2001 - Studies in Philosophy and Education 20 (1):75-91.
    Critical thinking, considered as a version of informallogic, must consider emotions and personal attitudesin assessing assertions and conclusions in anyanalysis of discourse. It must therefore presupposesome notion of the self. Critical theory may be seenas providing a substantive and non-neutral positionfor the exercise of critical thinking. It thereforemust presuppose some notion of the self. This paperargues for a Foucauldean position on the self toextend critical theory and provide a particularposition on the self for critical thinking. Thisposition on the self is (...)
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  47.  62
    A Historical Perspective to the Present-Day Locality Debate.T. W. Marshall - 1992 - Foundations of Physics 22 (3):363-370.
    It is argued that the way towards understanding the experiments with visible light which purport to exhibit nonlocality lies in a return to the wave theory of light. A connection is also indicated between the present-day photon description and the pre-wave-theory corpuscular description, and hence we see that, essentially, the problem of nonlocality in physics was solved nearly two centuries ago by Young and Fresnel.
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  48.  30
    A Reply to Dr. Pegis.Joseph E. Douglas - 1939 - Thought: A Journal of Philosophy 14 (1):122-125.
  49.  15
    The Integrity of Discourse in the Anglican Eucharistic Tradition: A Consideration of Philosophical Assumptions.Brian Douglas & Terence Lovat - 2010 - Heythrop Journal 51 (5):847-861.
    This article explores the integrity of the discourse in the Anglican eucharistic tradition by considering the philosophical assumptions that underlie eucharistic theology. It argues that where the conversation of the Anglican eucharistic tradition is open and unfinished then the integrity of the discourse is facilitated as opposed to the conversations of party positions and particular interests which suggest exclusive versions of truth. The conversation or dialogue of Anglican eucharistic theology is seen to be enhanced through the consideration of the philosophical (...)
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  50. Some Phenomenological Implications of a Quantum Model of Consciousness.I. N. Marshall - 1995 - Minds and Machines 5 (4):609-20.
    We contrast person-centered categories with objective categories related to physics: consciousness vs. mechanism, observer vs. observed, agency vs. event causation. semantics vs. syntax, beliefs and desires vs. dispositions. How are these two sets of categories related? This talk will discuss just one such dichotomy: consciousness vs. mechanism. Two extreme views are dualism and reductionism. An intermediate view is emergence. Here, consciousness is part of the natural order (as against dualism), but consciousness is not definable only in terms of physical mass, (...)
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