Results for 'Douglas P. MacKay'

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  1. The Philosophy and Psychology of Pietro Pomponazzi, Ed. By C. Douglas and R.P. Hardie.Andrew Halliday Douglas - 1910
  2.  30
    Ending SNAP-Subsidized Purchases of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages: The Need for a Pilot Project.Nicole M. V. Ross & Douglas P. MacKay - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (1).
    Recent efforts by legislative officials and public health advocates to reform the US food stamp program, or Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, have focused on restricting the types of foods eligible for purchase with SNAP benefits, specifically sugar-sweetened beverages. We argue that it is, in principle, permissible for the US government to enact a SNAP-specific SSB ban prohibiting the purchase of SSBs with SNAP benefits. While the government has a duty to ensure that citizens meet their nutritional needs, since SSBs provide (...)
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  3.  13
    Experienced Utility or Decision Utility for QALY Calculation? Both.Paige A. Clayton & Douglas P. MacKay - 2018 - Public Health Ethics 11 (1):82-89.
    Policy-makers must allocate scarce resources to support constituents’ health needs. This requires policy-makers to be able to evaluate health states and allocate resources according to some principle of allocation. The most prominent approach to evaluating health states is to appeal to the strength of people’s preferences to avoid occupying them, which we refer to as decision utility metrics. Another approach, experienced utility metrics, evaluates health states based on their hedonic quality. In this article, we argue that although decision utility metrics (...)
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  4.  17
    The Fog Lifts M. Winterbottom (Tr.): The Elder Seneca, Declamations. (Loeb Classical Library.) Two Volumes. Pp. Xxxi + 525; 640. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard U.P.; London: Heinemann, 1974. Cloth, £3·40 Each. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1977 - The Classical Review 27 (02):187-188.
  5.  27
    Cicero Elizabeth Rawson: Cicero, a Portrait. Pp. Xvi + 341; 8 Plates. London: Allen Lane, 1975. Cloth, £5·50. Maria Bellincioni: Cicerone Politico Nell' Ultimo Anno di Vita. (Antichità Classica E Cristiana, 12.) Pp. 300. Brescia: Paideia, 1974. Paper, L. 5,000. Michael Grant: Cicero: Murder Trials. Pp. 368. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1975. Paper, 80 P. [REVIEW]A. E. Douglas - 1978 - The Classical Review 28 (02):259-261.
  6.  6
    Technology and SocietyThe Social Construction of Technological Systems: New Directions in the Sociology and History of Technology. Wiebe E. Bijker, Thomas P. Hughes, Trevor Pinch. [REVIEW]Susan J. Douglas - 1990 - Isis 81 (1):80-83.
  7. Wages and the Family. By A. P. Brogan. [REVIEW]Paul H. Douglas - 1926 - Ethics 37:215.
     
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  8.  14
    The Duty to Rescue and Investigators' Obligations.Douglas MacKay & Tina Rulli - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (1):71-105.
    The duty to rescue is a highly plausible and powerful ethical principle. It requires agents to assist others in extreme need in cases where doing so does not conflict with some weighty moral aim; requires little personal sacrifice; and is likely to significantly benefit the recipients.1 As a general obligation, it binds all persons simply qua persons, and it is owed to all persons simply qua persons. Clinical investigators working in low-income countries frequently encounter sick or destitute people to whom (...)
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  9. Standard of Care, Institutional Obligations, and Distributive Justice.Douglas MacKay - 2015 - Bioethics 29 (4):352-359.
    The problem of standard of care in clinical research concerns the level of treatment that investigators must provide to subjects in clinical trials. Commentators often formulate answers to this problem by appealing to two distinct types of obligations: professional obligations and natural duties. In this article, I investigate whether investigators also possess institutional obligations that are directly relevant to the problem of standard of care, that is, those obligations a person has because she occupies a particular institutional role. I examine (...)
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  10.  70
    State of the Field: Why Novel Prediction Matters.Heather Douglas & P. D. Magnus - 2013 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 44 (4):580-589.
    There is considerable disagreement about the epistemic value of novel predictive success, i.e. when a scientist predicts an unexpected phenomenon, experiments are conducted, and the prediction proves to be accurate. We survey the field on this question, noting both fully articulated views such as weak and strong predictivism, and more nascent views, such as pluralist reasons for the instrumental value of prediction. By examining the various reasons offered for the value of prediction across a range of inferential contexts , we (...)
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  11.  13
    How Do Clinicians Prepare Family Members for the Role of Surrogate Decision-Maker?V. Cunningham Thomas, P. Scheunemann Leslie, M. Arnold Robert & White Douglas - 2018 - Journal of Medical Ethics 44 (1):21-26.
    Purpose Although surrogate decision-making is prevalent in intensive care units and concerns with decision quality are well documented, little is known about how clinicians help family members understand the surrogate role. We investigated whether and how clinicians provide normative guidance to families regarding how to function as a surrogate. Subjects and methods We audiorecorded and transcribed 73 ICU family conferences in which clinicians anticipated discussing goals of care for incapacitated patients at high risk of death. We developed and applied a (...)
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  12.  9
    Basic Income, Cash Transfers, and Welfare State Paternalism.Douglas MacKay - forthcoming - Journal of Political Philosophy.
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  13.  17
    The Ethics of Public Policy RCTs: The Principle of Policy Equipoise.Douglas MacKay - 2018 - Bioethics 32 (1):59-67.
    In this article, I ask whether a principle analogous to the principle of clinical equipoise should govern the design and conduct of RCTs evaluating the effectiveness of policy interventions. I answer this question affirmatively, and introduce and defend the principle of policy equipoise. According to this principle, all arms of a policy RCT must be, at minimum, in a state of equipoise with the best proven policy that is also morally and practically attainable and sustainable. For all arms of a (...)
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  14.  6
    Calculating Qalys: Liberalism and the Value of Health States.Douglas MacKay - 2017 - Economics and Philosophy 33 (2):259-285.
    The value of health states is often understood to depend on their impact on the goodness of people's lives. As such, prominent health states metrics are grounded in particular conceptions of wellbeing – e.g. hedonism or preference satisfaction. In this paper, I consider how liberals committed to the public justification requirement – the requirement that public officials choose laws and policies that are justifiable to their citizens – should evaluate health states. Since the public justification requirement prohibits public officials from (...)
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  15.  19
    Rawlsian Justice and the Social Determinants of Health.Jayna Fishman & Douglas MacKay - forthcoming - Journal of Applied Philosophy.
    In this article, we suggest that the evidence regarding the social determinants of health calls for a deep re‐thinking of our understanding of distributive justice. Focusing on John Rawls's theory of distributive justice in particular, we argue that a full reckoning with the social determinants of health requires a re‐working of Rawls's principles of justice. We argue first that the social bases of health – a Rawlsian conception of the social determinants of health – should be considered a social primary (...)
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  16. Are Skill-Selective Immigration Policies Just?Douglas MacKay - 2016 - Social Theory and Practice 42 (1):123-154.
    Many high-income countries have skill-selective immigration policies, favoring prospective immigrants who are highly skilled. I investigate whether it is permissible for high-income countries to adopt such policies. Adopting what Joseph Carens calls a " realistic approach " to the ethics of immigration, I argue first that it is in principle permissible for high-income countries to take skill as a consideration in favor of selecting one prospective immigrant rather than another. I argue second that high-income countries must ensure that their skill-selective (...)
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  17.  58
    Incentive Inequalities and Freedom of Occupational Choice.Douglas Mackay - 2016 - Economics and Philosophy 32 (1):21-49.
    In Rescuing Justice and Equality, G.A. Cohen argues that the incentive inequalities permitted by John Rawls's difference principle are unjust since people cannot justify them to their fellow citizens. I argue that citizens of a Rawlsian society can justify their acceptance of a wide range of incentive inequalities to their fellow citizens. They can do so because they possess the right to freedom of occupational choice, and are permitted – as a matter of justice – to exercise this right by (...)
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  18.  53
    Opt-Out and Consent.Douglas MacKay - 2015 - Journal of Medical Ethics 41 (10):1-4.
    A chief objection to opt-out organ donor registration policies is that they do not secure people's actual consent to donation, and so fail to respect their autonomy rights to decide what happens to their organs after they die. However, scholars have recently offered two powerful responses to this objection. First, Michael B Gill argues that opt-out policies do not fail to respect people's autonomy simply because they do not secure people's actual consent to donation. Second, Ben Saunders argues that opt-out (...)
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  19.  7
    Health Research Priority Setting: A Duty to Maximize Social Value?Douglas MacKay - 2018 - American Journal of Bioethics 18 (11):25-26.
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  20.  10
    Report of the AMA Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs: Professionalism in the Use of Social Media.Rebecca Shore, Julia Halsey, Kavita Shah, Bette-Jane Crigger & Sharon P. Douglas - 2011 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 22 (2):165.
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  21.  29
    Incentive Inequalities and Talents: A Reply to Shiffrin.Douglas MacKay - 2013 - Philosophia 41 (2):521-526.
    In a recent article, Seana Valentine Shiffrin offers a distinctive egalitarian critique of the types of incentive inequalities that are permitted by John Rawls's difference principle. She argues that citizens of a well-ordered society, who publicly accept Rawls's two principles of justice and their justifications, may not demand incentives to employ their talents in productive ways since such demands are inconsistent with a major justification for the difference principle: the moral arbitrariness of talent. I argue that there is no such (...)
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  22. The Politics of Representation.P. M. Ryan & K. Douglas - 2005 - In Thomas E. Wartenberg & Angela Curran (eds.), The Philosophy of Film: Introductory Text and Readings. Blackwell. pp. 213--224.
     
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  23.  5
    Government Policy Experiments and Informed Consent.Douglas MacKay & Averi Chakrabarti - forthcoming - Public Health Ethics:phy015.
    Governments are increasingly making use of field experiments to evaluate policy interventions in the spheres of education, public health and welfare. However, the research ethics literature is largely focused on the clinical context, leaving investigators, institutional review boards and government agencies with few resources to draw on to address the ethical questions they face regarding such experiments. In this article, we aim to help address this problem, investigating the conditions under which informed consent is required for ethical policy research conducted (...)
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  24.  3
    Immigrant Selection, Health Requirements, and Disability Discrimination.Douglas MacKay - 2018 - Journal of Ethics and Social Philosophy 14 (1).
    Australia, Canada, and New Zealand currently apply health requirements to prospective immigrants, denying residency to those with health conditions that are likely to impose an “excessive demand” on their publicly funded health and social service programs. In this paper, I investigate the charge that such policies are wrongfully discriminatory against persons with disabilities. I first provide a freedom-based account of the wrongness of discrimination according to which discrimination is wrong when and because it involves disadvantaging people in the exercise of (...)
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  25.  10
    The Coupling of Taxonomy and Function in Microbiomes.S. Andrew Inkpen, Gavin M. Douglas, T. D. P. Brunet, Karl Leuschen, W. Ford Doolittle & Morgan G. I. Langille - 2017 - Biology and Philosophy 32 (6):1225-1243.
    Microbiologists are transitioning from the study and characterization of individual strains or species to the profiling of whole microbiomes and microbial ecology. Equipped with high-throughput methods for studying the taxonomic and functional characteristics of diverse samples, they are just beginning to encounter the conceptual, theoretical, and experimental problems of comparing taxonomy to function, and extracting useful measures from such comparisons. Although still unresolved, these problems are well studied in macro-ecology and are reiterated here as an historical precautionary for microbial ecologists. (...)
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  26.  21
    The Ethics of Organ Donor Registration Policies: Nudges and Respect for Autonomy.Douglas MacKay & Alexandra Robinson - 2016 - American Journal of Bioethics 16 (11):3-12.
    Governments must determine the legal procedures by which their residents are registered, or can register, as organ donors. Provided that governments recognize that people have a right to determine what happens to their organs after they die, there are four feasible options to choose from: opt-in, opt-out, mandated active choice, and voluntary active choice. We investigate the ethics of these policies' use of nudges to affect organ donor registration rates. We argue that the use of nudges in this context is (...)
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  27.  20
    Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics by I Glenn Cohen.Douglas MacKay - 2016 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 26 (3):1-10.
    I. Glenn Cohen’s Patients with Passports: Medical Tourism, Law, and Ethics offers a thorough examination of the growing practice of medical tourism, the legal regulations governing it, and the many ethical issues it raises for policy-makers, health care providers, and prospective medical tourists. Demonstrating mastery of the relevant literatures in the social sciences, law, ethics, and political philosophy, Cohen provides a comprehensive overview of the current practice of medical tourism, and offers well-argued, sensible policy advice to guide its reform. Cohen’s (...)
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  28.  31
    A New Species of Afrotropical Ants in the Genus Bothroponera (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ponerinae).Abdulmeneem Joma & William P. Mackay - 2013 - Psyche: A Journal of Entomology 2013.
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  29.  16
    Fair Subject Selection in Clinical Research: Formal Equality of Opportunity.Douglas MacKay - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (10):672-677.
    In this paper, I explore the ethics of subject selection in the context of biomedical research. I reject a key principle of what I shall refer to as the standard view. According to this principle, investigators should select participants so as to minimise aggregate risk to participants and maximise aggregate benefits to participants and society. On this view, investigators should exclude prospective participants who are more susceptible to risk than other prospective participants. I argue instead that investigators should select subjects (...)
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  30.  3
    Returning Incidental Findings in Low‐Resource Settings: A Case of Rescue?Douglas Mackay - 2018 - Hastings Center Report 48 (3):28-30.
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  31.  5
    Weighing Obligations to Home Care Workers and Medicaid Recipients.Paul C. Treacy & Douglas MacKay - 2019 - Nursing Ethics 26 (2):418-424.
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  32.  14
    Federalism and Responsibility for Health Care.Douglas MacKay & Marion Danis - 2016 - Public Affairs Quarterly 30 (1):1-29.
    Political philosophers often formulate the problem of distributive justice as the problem of how the government ought to distribute different types of goods—for example, income or health care—to its citizens. They therefore presuppose that the government is a unitary agent that governs its citizens directly. However, although a number of governments are unitary in this way, many are federations, exhibiting a division of sovereignty between two or more levels of government having independent grounds of authority. In contrast to unitary states, (...)
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  33.  16
    Selected Writings in Philosophy.G. P. Adams, W. R. Dennes, J. Loewenberg, D. S. Mackay, P. Marhenke & S. C. Pepper - 1939 - Journal of Philosophy 36 (23):639-639.
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  34.  12
    The Philosophy and Psychology of Pietro Pomponazzi.Andrew Halliday Douglas, Charles Douglas & R. P. Hardie - 1911 - Philosophical Review 20 (3):320-323.
  35.  21
    Popper and Eccles' Psychophysical Interaction Theses Examined.Rodney J. Douglas & Bernard P. Keaney - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 23:129-153.
    Popper and Eccles present two different notions of Interactionism. Popper's arguments arise out of the traditional philosophical debate, whereas Eccles' arguments arise out of a mixture of neurophysiology and personal belief. Popper's three-world ontology is the philosophical foundation of both their positions. However, it is precisely against the background of the three Worlds that the considerable differences between their positions are apparent. Despite these defects, Interactionism is a productive notion since it does not place the Self beyond experimental investigation. Indeed, (...)
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  36.  15
    Knowledge and Society.G. P. Adams, W. R. Dennes, J. Loewenberg, D. S. Mackay, P. Marhenke & S. C. Pepper - 1939 - Philosophical Review 48 (5):540-543.
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  37.  40
    The Individual Rights of the Difficult Patient.Roy R. Reeves, Sharon P. Douglas, Rosa T. Garner, Marti D. Reynolds & Anita Silvers - 2007 - Hastings Center Report 37 (2):13-15.
  38.  18
    A Physician's Role Following a Breach of Electronic Health Information.Daniel Kim, Kristin Schleiter, Bette-Jane Crigger, John W. McMahon, Regina M. Benjamin & Sharon P. Douglas - 2010 - Journal of Clinical Ethics 21 (1):30.
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  39.  6
    Nudges, Autonomy, and Organ Donor Registration Policies: Response to Critics.Douglas MacKay - 2017 - American Journal of Bioethics 17 (2):W4 - W8.
  40.  9
    Knowledge and Society: A Philosophical Approach to Modern Civilization.G. P. Adams, W. R. Dennes, J. Loewenberg, D. S. Mackay, P. Marhenke & S. C. Pepper - 1938 - Journal of Philosophy 35 (17):466-470.
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  41.  10
    The Excavations at Dura-Europos, Ninth Season, 1935-6. Part II: The Necropolis.Dorothy Mackay & N. P. Toll - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:85.
  42.  7
    Some Etonian Thoughts and Contrary Imaginations: Thring (1884) and Orwell (1984).D. P. Leinster Mackay - 1985 - British Journal of Educational Studies 33 (1):70 - 85.
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  43.  3
    Popper and Eccles' Psychophysical Interaction Theses Examined.Rodney J. Douglas & Bernard P. Keaney - 1985 - Grazer Philosophische Studien 23:129-153.
    Popper and Eccles present two different notions of Interactionism. Popper's arguments arise out of the traditional philosophical debate, whereas Eccles' arguments arise out of a mixture of neurophysiology and personal belief. Popper's three-world ontology is the philosophical foundation of both their positions. However, it is precisely against the background of the three Worlds that the considerable differences between their positions are apparent. Despite these defects, Interactionism is a productive notion since it does not place the Self beyond experimental investigation. Indeed, (...)
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  44.  4
    Some Etonian Thoughts and Contrary Imaginations: Thring and Orwell.D. P. Leinster Mackay - 1985 - British Journal of Educational Studies 33 (1):70-85.
  45.  2
    Meaning and Interpretation.D. S. Mackay, G. P. Adams & W. R. Dennes - 1954 - Philosophical Review 63 (4):610-614.
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  46. The Philosophy and Psychology of Pietro Pomponazzi.Andrew Halliday Douglas, Charles Douglas & R. P. Hardie - 1911 - International Journal of Ethics 21 (4):494-498.
     
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  47. Meaning and Interpretation, Lectures delivered before the Philosophical Union of the University of California, 1948-1949.D. S. Mackay, G. P. Adams & W. R. Dennes - 1958 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 148:115-116.
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  48.  25
    Allen P. F. Sell. John Locke and the Eighteenth Century Divines. (Cardiff: University of Wales Press, 1997.) Pp. 444. £40.00 Hbk. [REVIEW]A. B. P. - 1998 - Religious Studies 34 (2):231-234.
  49.  33
    Eberhard Herrmann. Scientific Theory and Religious Belief: An Essay on the Rationality of Views of Life. Pp. 128. Dfl. 69.90.Peter Van Inwagen. God, Knowledge and Mystery: Essays in Philosophical Theology, Pp. 284. Morton Klass. Ordered Universes: Approaches to the Anthropology of Religion. Pp. Xiv + 177. £37.00 Hb, £11.50 Pb.Ian S. Markham. Plurality and Christian Ethics. Pp. Xiv + 225. £32.50.M. A. Stewart & John P. Wright, Ed. Hume and Hume's Connexions. Pp. Xvi + 266. £39.50. [REVIEW]Brian R. Clack, C. B. & H. P. - 1996 - Religious Studies 32 (2):293.
  50. Den Uyl and Douglas B. Rasmussen," The Myth of Atomism,".J. Douglas - 2006 - Review of Metaphysics 59:843-70.
     
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