Our aims are to set forth a multiprinciple system for selecting among clinical trials competing for limited space in an immunotherapy production facility that supplies products under investigation by scientific investigators; defend this system by appealing to justice principles; and illustrate our proposal by showing how it might be implemented. Our overarching aim is to assist manufacturers of immunotherapeutic products and other potentially breakthrough experimental therapies with the ethical task of prioritizing requests from scientific investigators when production capacity is limited.
Thousands of U.S. parents choose to refuse or delay the administration of selected vaccines to their children each year, and some choose not to vaccinate their children at all. While most physicians continue to provide care to these families over time, using each visit as an opportunity to educate and encourage vaccination, an increasing number of physicians are choosing to dismiss these families from their practice unless they agree to vaccinate their children. This paper will examine this emerging trend along (...) with the reasons given by those who advocate such an approach. I will argue that the strategy of refusing to allow families into a clinic unless they agree to vaccinate their children is misguided, and the arguments for doing so fail to stand up to close scrutiny. Such a strategy does not benefit the child or the health of the community, and may have a negative impact on both. Furthermore, some of the arguments in support of dismissal policies ignore the importance of professional obligation and appear to favor self-interest over the interest of the patient. (shrink)
The case presented here is tragic, not just in the sense of being a sad story, but in the dramatic meaning of tragedy. It presents us with a situation where there is no clear path, where moral ambiguity exists, and where no possible solution could unequivocally be declared the right or good one. Ethical deliberation can help here, but only as a way of clarifying the issues and offering reasonable solutions. It cannot show us the one right way.Baby G has (...) profound medical conditions, including respiratory failure, a chest wall deformity that will require surgery, and profound neurodevelopmental disability. Even a best case scenario portends a shortened lifespan and.. (shrink)