Results for 'Down's syndrome'

998 found
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  1.  17
    Can Safety Assurance Procedures in the Food Industry Be Used to Evaluate a Medical Screening Programme? The Application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System to an Antenatal Serum Screening Programme for Down's Syndrome. Stage 1: Identifying Significant Hazards.M. Clare Derrington, Janet D. Glencross, Elizabeth S. Draper, Ronald T. Hsu & Jennifer J. Kurinczuk - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (1):39-47.
  2.  11
    Can Safety Assurance Procedures in the Food Industry Be Used to Evaluate a Medical Screening Programme? The Application of the Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point System to an Antenatal Serum Screening Programme for Down's Syndrome. Stage 2: Overcoming the Hazards in Programme Delivery.M. Clare Derrington, Elizabeth S. Draper, Ronald T. Hsu & Jennifer J. Kurinczuk - 2003 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 9 (1):49-57.
  3.  23
    Risk Prediction for Down's Syndrome in Young Pregnant Women Using Maternal Serum Biomarkers: Determination of Cut‐Off Risk From Receiver Operating Characteristic Curve Analysis.Hsiao-Lin Hwa, Tsang-Ming Ko, Fon-Jou Hsieh, Ming-Fang Yen, Kai-Pei Chou & Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen - 2007 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 13 (2):254-258.
  4.  41
    Abortion and Euthanasia of Down's Syndrome Children--The Parents' View.B. Shepperdson - 1983 - Journal of Medical Ethics 9 (3):152-157.
    A study of 78 parents of Down's syndrome children shows that, while most were in favour of abortion for a handicapped fetus, they were divided equally on whether euthanasia (no distinction made between active and passive euthanasia) was an acceptable practice. Only a third considered an average Down's syndrome child could be a suitable candidate for euthanasia. While parents argued that the degree of handicap of the child was the crucial factor in making this decision, in (...)
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  5.  19
    Parental Consent to Cosmetic Facial Surgery in Down's Syndrome.R. B. Jones - 2000 - Journal of Medical Ethics 26 (2):101-102.
    It is suggested that the practice of attempting to normalise children with Down 's syndrome by subjecting them to major facial plastic surgery has no therapeutic benefit, and should be seen as mutilating surgery comparable to female circumcision.
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  6.  16
    Abortion of Fetus with Down’s Syndrome: India Joins the Worldwide Controversy Surrounding Abortion Laws.Alankrita Taneja, Sharath Burugina Nagaraja, Jagadish Rao Padubidri, Mohammed Madadin & Ritesh G. Menezes - 2018 - Science and Engineering Ethics 24 (2):769-771.
    Abortion continues to be a moral and ethical dilemma in medicine. While abortions in general have always faced social stigmas, the abortion of fetuses with Down’s syndrome in particular remains the subject of debate across the globe. In India, under the Medical Termination of Pregnancy Act, abortion is legal under prescribed circumstances only till 20 weeks of gestation. Laws for abortion after 20 week of gestation are ill defined. In a recent ruling of the Supreme Court in India, a (...)
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  7.  16
    Termination of Pregnancy Due to Thalassemia Major, Hemophilia, and Down's Syndrome: The Views of Iranian Physicians.Mehran Karimi, Mohammadmehdi Bonyadi, Mohhamad Galehdari & Soheila Zareifar - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):19-.
    BackgroundGenetic disorders due to kindred marriages are common medical conditions in Iran; however, the legal aspects of abortion remain controversial. This study was undertaken to determine physicians' opinions regarding the termination of pregnancy for three genetic diseases: thalassemia major, hemophilia, and Down's syndrome.MethodsA questionnaire was administered to selected physicians by stratified random sampling to determine the following: age, gender, knowledge about prenatal diagnosis of diseases in high risk pregnancies, agreement with abortion, recommended gestational age for abortion, and, if (...)
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  8.  7
    Termination of Pregnancy Due to Thalassemia Major, Hemophilia, and Down's Syndrome: The Views of Iranian Physicians.Mehran Karimi, Mohammadmehdi Bonyadi, Mohhamad Reza Galehdari & Soheila Zareifar - 2008 - BMC Medical Ethics 9 (1):19.
    BackgroundGenetic disorders due to kindred marriages are common medical conditions in Iran; however, the legal aspects of abortion remain controversial. This study was undertaken to determine physicians' opinions regarding the termination of pregnancy for three genetic diseases: thalassemia major, hemophilia, and Down's syndrome.MethodsA questionnaire was administered to selected physicians by stratified random sampling to determine the following: age, gender, knowledge about prenatal diagnosis of diseases in high risk pregnancies, agreement with abortion, recommended gestational age for abortion, and, if (...)
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  9.  9
    What Lesson for Dyslexia From Down's Syndrome? Comments on Cossu, Rossini, and Marshall.John Morton & Uta Frith - 1993 - Cognition 48 (3):289-296.
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  10.  17
    Informed Choice of Pregnant Women in Prenatal Screening Tests for Down's Syndrome.Hsien-Hsien Chiang, Y. M. Yu Chao & Y. S. Yuh - 2006 - Journal of Medical Ethics 32 (5):273-277.
  11.  33
    When Reading is Acquired but Phonemic Awareness is Not: A Study of Literacy in Down's Syndrome.G. Cossu, F. Rossini & J. C. Marshall - 1993 - Cognition 46 (2):129-138.
  12.  4
    The Human Autonomous Karyotype and the Origins of Prenatal Testing: Children, Pregnant Women and Early Down's Syndrome Cytogenetics, Madrid 1962–1975.María Jesús Santesmases - 2014 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 47:142-153.
  13.  17
    Cost-Effectiveness Analysis of Triple Test in Second-Trimester Maternal Serum Screening for Down’s Syndrome: An Experience From Taiwan with Decreasing Birth Rate but Increasing Population of Old Pregnant Women.Hsiao-Lin Hwa, Ming-Fang Yen, Chen-Li Lin, Tsang-Ming Ko, Fon-Jou Hsieh & Tony Hsiu-Hsi Chen - 2008 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 14 (2):191-197.
  14.  20
    Down’s Syndrome Screening and Reproductive Politics: Care, Choice, and Disability in the Prenatal Clinic. [REVIEW]Daniel Rodger - 2018 - The New Bioethics 24 (1):95-97.
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  15.  16
    Reading Acquisition and Phonemic Awareness Testing: How Conclusive Are Data From Down's Syndrome?Paul Bertelson - 1993 - Cognition 48 (3):281-283.
  16.  16
    The Legal Investigation of a Decision Not to Operate on an Infant with Down's Syndrome and a Duodenal Atresia. A Report From the Netherlands.Jan C. Molenaar - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (1):35–40.
  17.  8
    Problems of Pre-Natal Screening Programme for Down's Syndrome in Older Women.Sheila L. B. Duncan - 1978 - Journal of Biosocial Science 10 (2):141-146.
  18.  11
    The Legal Investigation of a Decision Not to Operate on an Infant with Down's Syndrome and a Duodenal Atresia.Jan C. Molenaar - 1992 - Bioethics 6 (1):35-40.
  19.  5
    Termination of Pregnancy Due to Thalassemia Major, Hemophilia, and Down's Syndrome: The Views of Iranian Physicians.Mehran Karimi, Mohammadmehdi Bonyadi, Mohhamad Reza Galehdari & Soheila Zareifar - 2008 - Most Recent Articles: Bmc Medical Ethics.
    Genetic disorders due to kindred marriages are common medical conditions in Iran; however, the legal aspects of abortion remain controversial. This study was undertaken to determine physicians' opinions regarding..
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  20.  5
    Contemporary View of the Etiology of Down's Syndrome.Janusz Kostrzewski - forthcoming - Roczniki Filozoficzne: Annales de Philosophie.
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  21.  4
    Mitochondrial Dysfunction and Down's Syndrome.Svetlana Arbuzova, Tim Hutchin & Howard Cuckle - 2002 - Bioessays 24 (8):681-684.
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  22.  2
    Atypical Cerebral Dominance in Down’s Syndrome.Daniel J. Weeks & Digby Elliott - 1992 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 30 (1):23-25.
  23. Psychological Characteristics of Defensiveness of Parents Raising Children with Down’s Syndrome.Hanna Sokolova - 2017 - Science and Education: Academic Journal of Ushynsky University 17 (3):23-28.
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  24.  58
    Prenatal Screening, Ethics and Down’s Syndrome: A Literature Review.Priscilla Alderson - 2001 - Nursing Ethics 8 (4):360-374.
    This article reviews the literature on prenatal screening for Down’s syndrome. To be evidence based, medicine and nursing have to take account of research evidence and also of how this evidence is processed through the influence of prevailing social and moral attitudes. This review of the extensive literature examines how appropriate widely-held understandings of Down’s syndrome are, and asks whether or not practitioners and prospective parents have access to the full range of moral arguments and social evidence on (...)
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  25.  8
    Hierarchical Processing in Balint’s Syndrome: A Failure of Flexible Top-Down Attention.Carmel Mevorach, Lilach Shalev, Robin J. Green, Magda Chechlacz, M. Jane Riddoch & Glyn W. Humphreys - 2014 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 8.
  26. Descartes RV 5-8. 14. 25 Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease 132 Down Syndrome 67. 132 Early Detection of Brain Pathology in Alzheimer's Disease 131-143. [REVIEW]C. Bernard - 1992 - In Y. Christen & P. S. Churchland (eds.), Neurophilosophy and Alzheimer's Disease. Springer Verlag. pp. 80--151.
     
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  27.  7
    Alzheimer's Disease, Dementia and Down Syndrome: An Evaluation Using Positron Emmissions Tomography.Neal Cutler & Prem Narang - 1988 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 9 (3).
  28. A Disability Critique of the New Prenatal Test for Down Syndrome.Chris Kaposy - 2013 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 23 (4):299-324.
    Sequenom Inc., a developer of medical diagnostic products, recently made their noninvasive test for Down syndrome available for clinical practice.1 The DNA-based test—given the name “MaterniT21”—requires only a simple maternal blood sample as early as 10 weeks of gestation. In recent clinical trials involving thousands of pregnant women, the MaterniT21 test identified 99.1% of cases of Down syndrome, and gave the correct result in 99.9% of cases when the fetus did not have Down syndrome. Sequenom’s test is (...)
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  29.  11
    The Journey of a Child and His Hear; A Decade of Transformation in the Legal, Medical, and Ethical Care of a Child with Down Syndrome.Gary E. Gathman - 1994 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 3 (2):174.
    Much of recent medical, legal, and ethical focus has been directed toward the unborn or newly born. Guidelines and frameworks for decision making are in the early stages of evolution and are likely to shift as the politics, ethics, and economics of caregiving move beyond technologic accomplishments and debates into a more compassionate construct that may include input from an institutional bioethics committee. Beyond that, the courts may continue to be the place where unresolved issues are settled, and with each (...)
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  30.  17
    First‐Trimester Down Syndrome Screening in Women Younger Than 35 Years Old and Cost‐Effectiveness Analysis in Taiwan Population.Ching-Yu Chou, Fon-Jou Hsieh, Mei-Leng Cheong, Fa-Kung Lee, Bo-Quing She & Ming-Song Tsai - 2009 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 15 (5):789-796.
  31.  18
    First Trimester Down Syndrome Screening is Less Effective and the Number of Invasive Procedures is Increased in Women Younger Than 35 Years of Age.Sini Peuhkurinen, Paivi Laitinen, Markku Ryynanen & Jaana Marttala - 2013 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 19 (2):324-326.
  32.  56
    What Are “Normal Movements” in Atypical Populations?Mark L. Latash & J. Greg Anson - 1996 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 19 (1):55-68.
  33.  18
    Otherness and the Renewal of Freedom in Jarmusch's Down by Law : A Levinasian and Arendtian Reading.Mark Cauchi - 2013 - Film-Philosophy 17 (1):193-211.
    In this essay I argue that Down by Law (Jarmusch, 1986) is about how the encounter with otherness renews freedom and American identity. I first develop the idea of renewal through otherness by way of a discussion of Levinas' philosophy of freedom and Arendt's notion natality, contrasting it with the idea of negative liberty, which I explicate through a discussion of Hobbes, Locke, Hegel, and Tocqueville. Next, I show how negative liberty is engrained in the idea of America through a (...)
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  34.  76
    At Home with Down Syndrome and Gender.Sophia Isako Wong - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):89-117.
    : I argue that there is an important analogy between sex selection and selective abortion of fetuses diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are surprising parallels between the social construction of Down syndrome as a disability and the deeply entrenched institutionalization of sexual difference in many societies. Prevailing concepts of gender and mental retardation exert a powerful influence in constructing the sexual identities and life plans of people with Down syndrome, and also affect their families' lives.
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  35.  4
    At Home with Down Syndrome and Gender.Sophia Isako Wong - 2002 - Hypatia 17 (3):89-117.
    I argue that there is an important analogy between sex selection and selective abortion of fetuses diagnosed with Down syndrome. There are surprising parallels between the social construction of Down syndrome as a disability and the deeply entrenched institutionalization of sexual difference in many societies. Prevailing concepts of gender and mental retardation exert a powerful influence in constructing the sexual identities and life plans of people with Down syndrome, and also affect their families' lives.
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  36.  47
    Robot Companions for Children with Down Syndrome: A Case Study.Hagen Lehmann, Iolanda Iacono, Kerstin Dautenhahn, Patrizia Marti & Ben Robins - 2014 - Interaction Studiesinteraction Studies Social Behaviour and Communication in Biological and Artificial Systems 15 (1):99-112.
    We describe an exploratory case study about the applicability of different robotic platforms in an educational context with a child with Down syndrome. The robotic platforms tested are the humanoid robot KASPAR and the mobile robotic platform IROMEC. During the study we observed the effects KASPAR and IROMEC had in helping the child with the development and improvement of her social skills while playing different interactive games with the robots. Conceptually similar play scenarios were performed with both robots and (...)
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  37.  72
    Japan's Top-Down Policy Process to Dispatch the SDF to Iraq.Tomohito Shinoda - 2006 - Japanese Journal of Political Science 7 (1):71-91.
    In July 2003, Prime Minister Koizumi successfully passed the legislation to dispatch ground SDF units to Iraq in the Diet. His top-down policy process was completely different from Japan's traditional bottom-up system, which Aurelia George Mulgan calls the in which the bureaucrats in the ministries play a central role with the LDP being the only political power to negotiate with them. Mulgan also argues that the system has not changed despite recent institutional changes. On the contrary, this paper illustrates how (...)
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  38.  40
    Cold War at Porton Down: Informed Consent in Britain's Biological and Chemical Warfare Experiments.Ulf Schmidt - 2006 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 15 (4):366-380.
    By the end of the Second World War the advancing allied forces discovered a new nerve gas in Germany. It was called Tabun. Codenamed GA, it was found to be extremely toxic. British experts were immediately dispatched to examine the agent. On arrival, they discovered that German scientists had also developed even more toxic nerve agents, including Sarin, known as GB. The first organized testing of Sarin on humans began in October 1951 at Porton Down in Wiltshire, Britain's biochemical warfare (...)
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  39.  24
    Clashes of Consensus: On the Problem of Both Justifying Abortion of Fetuses with Down Syndrome and Rejecting Infanticide.Henrik Friberg-Fernros - 2017 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 38 (3):195-212.
    Although the abortion of fetuses with Down syndrome has become commonplace, infanticide is still widely rejected. Generally, there are three ways of justifying the differentiation between abortion and infanticide: by referring to the differences between the moral status of the fetus versus the infant, by referring to the differences of the moral status of the act of abortion versus the act of infanticide, or by separating the way the permissibility of abortion is justified from the way the impermissibility of (...)
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  40.  15
    A Plea for Not Watering Down the Unseemly: Reconsidering Francisco Varela's Contribution to Science.Sebastjan Vörös & Alexander Riegler - 2017 - Constructivist Foundations 13 (1):1-10.
    In the past three decades, the work of Varela has had an enormous impact on current developments in contemporary science. Problem: Varela’s thought was extremely complex and multifaceted, and while some aspects - notably his contributions to the autopoietic theory of living and enactivist approach to cognition - have gained widespread acclaim, others have been ignored or watered down. Method: We identify three dimensions of Varela’s thought: anti-realism of the “middle way”; anti-foundationalism of the circular/recursive onto-epistemology; and ethical/social implications of (...)
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  41.  38
    People with Down Syndrome - Part of Our Community.Kerri Anne Brussen - 2012 - Chisholm Health Ethics Bulletin 18 (2):1.
    Brussen, Kerri Anne This article briefly examines the history and genetics of Down syndrome. Contemporary prenatal testing practices are described as is the effect of testing on the birth prevalence of children with Down syndrome. The analysis of a series of articles on families with a child with Down syndrome provides a touching insight into these families. It demonstrates that each person - including those with Down syndrome - make a unique and valuable contribution to their (...)
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  42.  37
    The Affordable Care Act's Preventive Services Mandate: Breaking Down the Barriers to Nationwide Access to Preventive Services.John Aloysius Cogan - 2011 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 39 (3):355-365.
    The Affordable Care Act (ACA) transforms the U.S.'s public and private health care financing systems into vehicles for promoting public health by making evidence-based preventive services available nationwide through individual and group health plans, Medicare, and Medicaid. The ACA accomplishes this transformation by breaking down two barriers: (1) the public health-health care divide, which led to a dominance of curative medicine over preventive health measures and (2) ERISA preemption, which created an obstacle to the provision of a uniform set of (...)
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  43.  19
    Bringing Phenomenology Down to Earth: Passivity, Development, and Merleau-Ponty’s Transformation of Philosophy.David Morris - 2014 - Chiasmi International 16:25-39.
    I suggest how Merleau-Pontian sense hinges on an ontology in which passivity and what I call “development” are fundamental. This means, though, that the possibility of philosophy cannot be guaranteed in advance: philosophy is a joint operation of philosophers and being, and is radically contingent on a pre-philosophical field. Merleau-Ponty thus transforms philosophy, revealing a philosophy of tomorrow: a new way of doing philosophy that, because it is grounded in pre-reflective contingency, has to wait to describe its beginnings, and so (...)
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  44.  18
    Motherhood in the Context of Normative Discourse: Birth Stories of Mothers of Children with Down Syndrome.Susan L. Gabel & Kathy Kotel - 2018 - Journal of Medical Humanities 39 (2):179-193.
    Using birth stories as our object of inquiry, this article examines the ways in which normative discourses about gender, disability and Down syndrome construct the birth stories of three mothers of children with Down syndrome. Their stories are composed of the mothers’ recollections of the first hours after birth as a time when their infants are separated from them and their postpartum needs are ignored. Together, their stories illustrate socio-cultural tropes that position Down syndrome as a dangerous (...)
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  45.  7
    The Integration of Faulkner's "Go Down, Moses".John Limon - 1986 - Critical Inquiry 12 (2):422-438.
    The smallest ambition of this essay is to demonstrate that Rider, the central character in William Faulkner’s short story “Pantaloon in Black,” cannot be understood. This may be of some interest to Faulkner specialists. But the fact that he cannot be understood has ramifications, because “Pantaloon in Black,” seems to be the anomaly of the book Go Down, Moses, which is either a collection of stories or a novel, depending on the success one has in integrating “Pantaloon in Black” into (...)
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  46. When Washington Shut Down Wall Street: The Great Financial Crisis of 1914 and the Origins of America's Monetary Supremacy.William L. Silber - 2008 - Princeton University Press.
    When Washington Shut Down Wall Street unfolds like a mystery story. It traces Treasury Secretary William Gibbs McAdoo's triumph over a monetary crisis at the outbreak of World War I that threatened the United States with financial disaster. The biggest gold outflow in a generation imperiled America's ability to repay its debts abroad. Fear that the United States would abandon the gold standard sent the dollar plummeting on world markets. Without a central bank in the summer of 1914, the United (...)
     
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  47.  17
    Skeletal Maturation and Elongation in Down's Disease (Mongolism).A. F. Roche - 1967 - The Eugenics Review 59 (1):11.
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  48.  13
    Laying Down Hume's Law.Hsueh Qu - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 100 (1):24-46.
    In this paper, I argue for an interpretation of Hume's Law that sees him as dismissing all possible arguments from is to ought on the basis of a comparison with his famous argument on induction.
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  49.  14
    The Way Back Down: Paul Klee’s Heights and Depths.David Farrell Krell - 2013 - Research in Phenomenology 43 (3):331-339.
    The present essay offers a brief commentary on Paul Klee’s The Tightrope Walker. Klee’s painting is brought into connection with Nietzsche’s famous figure of the Seiltänzer in the prologue to Thus Spoke Zarathustra and to the recent film, Man on Wire. The general context of the essay, “descensional reflection,” is inspired by Heidegger’s remark that thinking in our time is “on the descent” from metaphysics.
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  50.  34
    The Canadian Question: What's So Great About Intelligence?Tom Koch - 1996 - Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 5 (2):307.
    A personable teenager with Down's syndrome became a Canadian cause célèbre a few months ago when University Hospital in Edmonton, Alberta, denied him a position on the organ transplantation waiting list. Terry Urquart lacked “reasonable” intelligence, hospital officials said, a criterion for all transplant candidates at that hospital. Protests by the boy's family, and by groups active in the cause of those with developmental disabilities, became well-photographed stories on the nightly television news and in the nation's newspapers. It (...)
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