Results for 'Dr James Wilson'

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  1.  26
    The 1769 Transit of Venus: The Baja California Observations of Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche, Vicente de Doz, and Joaquin Velazquez Cardenas de Leon. Doyce B. Nunis, James Donahue, Maynard J. Geiger, Iris Wilson Engstrand. [REVIEW]Curtis A. Wilson - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):431-432.
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  2.  24
    The 1769 Transit of Venus: The Baja California Observations of Jean-Baptiste Chappe d'Auteroche, Vicente de Doz, and Joaquin Velazquez Cardenas de Leon by Doyce B. Nunis; James Donahue; Maynard J. Geiger; Iris Wilson Engstrand. [REVIEW]Curtis Wilson - 1983 - Isis 74:431-432.
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  3.  40
    Giving Liberty Its Due, But No More: Trans Fats, Liberty, and Public Health.Dr James Wilson - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):34-36.
    Resnik’s argument relies upon an undefended and unjustified overvaluation of liberty. First, he overlooks some important arguments in favour of restrictions to liberty, and his consideration of the two he does review is unfair; second his account grossly overestimates the autonomy of our food choices; and lastly his mechanism for balancing liberty against other concerns involves an illicit double counting of the weight of individual liberty.
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  4.  78
    Justice and the Social Determinants of Health: An Overview.Dr James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):210-213.
    The WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health revealed that there is a 28-year disparity between the life expectancy in the poorest postcode and the richest postcode of Glasgow (CSDH, 2008). There are two sets of questions that it is important to ask about health inequalities like these: first, epidemiological questions about the mechanisms that cause inequalities in health and the measures that are effective in reducing them. Second, normative questions about which inequalities in health are wrong and why (...)
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  5.  26
    Varieties of Religion Today: William James Revisited (Review).James G. S. Wilson - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):323-325.
  6. Secularization, Rationalism and Sectarianism Essays in Honour of Bryan R. Wilson.Eileen Barker, James A. Beckford, Karel Dobbelaere & Bryan R. Wilson - 1993
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  7.  16
    Introduction to Symposium on Daniel Hausman’s Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom and Suffering.James Wilson - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2):105-108.
    This article introduces a symposium on Daniel Hausman’s Valuing Health: Well-Being, Suffering and Freedom. The symposium contains papers by Elselijn Kingma, Adam Oliver, Anna Alexandrova, Erik Nord, Alex Voorhoeve and James Wilson, with replies by Daniel Hausman. In Valuing Health, Hausman argues that, despite apparently measuring health, projects such as the Global Burden of Disease Study in fact measure judgments about the value of health. Once this has been clarified, the key question is how the value of health (...)
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  8. Towards a Normative Framework for Public Health Ethics and Policy.James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):184-194.
    Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, UCL, First Floor, Charles Bell House, 67–73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)20 7679 9417; Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 9426; Email: james-gs.wilson{at}ucl.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract This paper aims to shed some light on the difficulties we face in constructing a generally acceptable normative framework for thinking about public health. It argues that there are three (...)
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  9.  23
    ‘Out of Sight, Out of Mind?’: The Daniel Turner-James Blondel Dispute Over the Power of the Maternal Imagination.Philip K. Wilson - 1992 - Annals of Science 49 (1):63-85.
    In the late 1720s, Daniel Turner and James Blondel engaged in a pamphlet dispute over the power of the maternal imagination. Turner accepted the long-standing belief that a pregnant woman's imagination could be transferred to her unborn child, imprinting the foetus with various marks and deformities. Blondel sought to refute this view on rational and anatomical grounds. Two issues repeatedly received these authors' attention: the identity of imagination, and its power in pregnant women; and the process of generation and (...)
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  10. Fruitful Imagining: On Catherine Wilson's 'Grief and the Poet'.Susan James - 2013 - British Journal of Aesthetics 53 (1):97-101.
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  11.  17
    James D. McCawley. Everything That Linguists Have Always Wanted to Know About Logic, but Were Ashamed to Ask. The University of Chicago Press, Chicago, and Basil Blackwell, Oxford, 1981, Xv + 508 Pp. [REVIEW]W. Kent Wilson - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1407-1408.
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  12.  17
    Romantic Science and the Experience of the Self: Transatlantic Crosscurrents From William James to Oliver Sacks. Martin Halliwell.Eric Wilson - 2001 - Isis 92 (1):189-190.
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  13.  5
    A Reply to James Marshall.John Wilson - 1984 - Journal of Philosophy of Education 18 (1):105–107.
  14.  14
    Alan Twyman. In Search of the Mysterious Dr Weeks: A Fragment of Sandwich History. Sandwich: The Author , 1989. Pp. Xi + 164. ISBN 0-9513889-0-8. £4.95. [REVIEW]Frank James - 1990 - British Journal for the History of Science 23 (1):116-117.
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  15.  5
    Dr. William Harvey and the Harvey Society of New York.Alexander G. Bearn & D. Geraint James - 1978 - Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 21 (4):524-535.
  16.  9
    A Reply To James Marshall.John Wilson - 1984 - Philosophy of Education 18 (1):105-107.
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  17.  6
    Romantic Science and the Experience of the Self: Transatlantic Crosscurrents From William James to Oliver Sacks by Martin Halliwell. [REVIEW]Eric Wilson - 2001 - Isis 92:189-190.
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  18.  4
    Review: James D. McCawley, Everything That Linguists Have Always Wanted to Know About Logic, but Were Ashamed to Ask. [REVIEW]W. Kent Wilson - 1984 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 49 (4):1407-1408.
  19. A Discovery by Dr. A. C. Johnson.H. L. Wilson - 1909 - Classical World: A Quarterly Journal on Antiquity 3:183.
     
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  20. A Discovery by Dr. A. C. Johnson.H. L. Wilson - 1909 - Classical Weekly 3:183.
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  21. Book Review: John and the Dead Sea Scrolls, Edited by James H. Charlesworth. The Christian Origins Library. The Crossroad Publishing Co., New York, 1990. 233 Pp. $16.95 (Paper).; Paul and the Dead Sea Scrolls, Edited by J. Murphy-O'Connor and James H. Charlesworth. The Christian Origins Library. The Crossroad Publishing Co., New York, 1990. 262 Pp. $16.95 (Paper). [REVIEW]J. Christian Wilson - 1991 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 45 (4):426-426.
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  22. James Bryce: The Years of Reaction.Francis G. Wilson - 1939 - Journal of Social Philosophy and Jurisprudence 5:232.
     
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  23.  25
    Emotion and Object.John R. S. Wilson - 1972 - Cambridge University Press.
    A study in the philosophy of mind, centred on the problem of 'intentionality' the sense in which emotions can be said to have objects, their relation to these objects, and the implications of this relation for our understanding of human action and behaviour. Dr Wilson sets his enquiry against a broad historical background on what distinguishes man from inanimate objects by describing both Cartesian view of man is matter plus mind and the neo-Wittgensteinian view that there is a dynamic (...)
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  24.  54
    Kant's Evolutionary Theory of Marriage.Holly L. Wilson - 1998 - In Jane Kneller (ed.), Autonomy and Community: Readings in Contemporary Kantian Social Philosophy.
    Dr. Wilson explores how Kant 's views of marriage are really developmental and how he foresees marriage evolving to become more egalitarian under the impetus of unsociable-sociability.
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  25.  19
    The Mental As Physical.Edgar Wilson - 1979 - London: Routledge &Amp; K Paul.
    The central theme of this impressively argued study is that the mental and physical are identical. Drawing heavily on recent scientific research into the mind-brain relationship, Dr Wilson argues that human mentality, rationality and purposefulness are phenomena which come within the compass of scientifically based explanation. The consequences of this thesis are enormous both in relation to the controversies about reasons and causes as explanations of human behaviour, and, more important, to the problems of free will, moral responsibility, penal (...)
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  26. Emotion and Object.John R. S. Wilson - 1972 - Cambridge University Press.
    A study in the philosophy of mind, centred on the problem of 'intentionality' the sense in which emotions can be said to have objects, their relation to these objects, and the implications of this relation for our understanding of human action and behaviour. Dr Wilson sets his enquiry against a broad historical background on what distinguishes man from inanimate objects by describing both Cartesian view of man is matter plus mind and the neo-Wittgensteinian view that there is a dynamic (...)
     
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  27.  9
    The Mental as Physical.Edgar Wilson - 1979 - Routledge.
    The central theme of this impressively argued study is that the mental and physical are identical. Drawing heavily on recent scientific research into the mind-brain relationship, Dr Wilson argues that human mentality, rationality and purposefulness are phenomena which come within the compass of scientifically based explanation. The consequences of this thesis are enormous both in relation to the controversies about reasons and causes as explanations of human behaviour, and, more important, to the problems of free will, moral responsibility, penal (...)
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  28.  17
    Counterfactuals in the Real World.James Woodward & Mark Wilson - 2019 - In James Robert Brown, Shaoshi Chen, Robert M. Corless, Ernest Davis, Nicolas Fillion, Max Gunzburger, Benjamin C. Jantzen, Daniel Lichtblau, Yuri Matiyasevich, Robert H. C. Moir, Mark Wilson & James Woodward (eds.), Algorithms and Complexity in Mathematics, Epistemology, and Science: Proceedings of 2015 and 2016 Acmes Conferences. Springer New York. pp. 269-294.
    Following Jacques Hadamard, applied mathematicians typically investigate their models in the form of well-set problems, which actually consist of a family of applicational circumstances that vary in specific ways with respect to their initial and boundary values. The chief motive for investigating models in this wider manner is to avoid the improper behavioral conclusions one might reach from the consideration of a more restricted range of cases. Suitable specifications of the required initial and boundary variability typically appeal to previously established (...)
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  29.  21
    Nuel Belnap: Doctoral Students.Carlos Giannoni, Robert Meyer, J. Michael Dunn, Peter Woodruff, James Garson, Kent Wilson, Dorothy Grover, Ruth Manor, Alasdair Urquhart & Garrel Pottinger - 1990 - In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  30.  62
    Not So Special After All? Daniels and the Social Determinants of Health.Wilson James - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):3 - 6.
    Just health: meeting health needs fairly is an ambitious book, in which Norman Daniels attempts to bring together in a single framework all his work on health and justice from the past 25 years. One major aim is to reconcile his earlier work on the special moral importance of healthcare with his later work on the social determinants of health. In his earlier work, Daniels argued that healthcare is of special moral importance because it protects opportunity. In this later work, (...)
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  31. A Pluralistic Universe: Hibbert Lectures at Manchester College on the Present Situation in Philosophy, by William James; A New Philosophical Reading.H. G. Callaway & William James (eds.) - 2008 - Cambridge Scholars Press.
    This new edition of William James’s 1909 classic, A Pluralistic Universe reproduces the original text, only modernizing the spelling. The books has been annotated throughout to clarify James’s points of reference and discussion. There is a new, fuller index, a brief chronology of James’s life, and a new bibliography—chiefly based on James’s own references. The editor, H.G. Callaway, has included a new Introduction which elucidates the legacy of Jamesian pluralism to survey some related questions of contemporary (...)
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  32.  48
    The Vision of James.William James - 1996 - Element.
    William James had the courage to experience the collision of European and American ways of thinking head on, and to emerge from it with a new philosophy - one displaying a remarkable vitality for dealing with the transformative issues at the core of the human condition. This easy to read introduction to his life and work explains why James' work is overwhelmingly valuable to us today in getting to grips with the spiritual dimension of human experience.
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  33.  17
    What is "Special" About Face Perception?Martha J. Farah, Kevin D. Wilson, Maxwell Drain & James N. Tanaka - 1998 - Psychological Review 105 (3):482-498.
  34.  75
    Research Exceptionalism.James Wilson & David Hunter - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (8):45-54.
    Research involving human subjects is much more stringently regulated than many other nonresearch activities that appear to be at least as risky. A number of prominent figures now argue that research is overregulated. We argue that the reasons typically offered to justify the present system of research regulation fail to show that research should be subject to more stringent regulation than other equally risky activities. However, there are three often overlooked reasons for thinking that research should be treated as a (...)
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  35.  23
    [Book Review] the Moral Sense. [REVIEW]James Q. Wilson - 1994 - Criminal Justice Ethics 13 (2):19-23.
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  36.  27
    Public Reasoning and Health-Care Priority Setting: The Case of NICE.Benedict Rumbold, Albert Weale, Annette Rid, James Wilson & Peter Littlejohns - 2017 - Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 27 (1):107-134.
    Health systems that provide for universal patient access through a scheme of prepayments—whether through taxes, social insurance, or a combination of the two—need to make decisions on the scope of coverage that they secure. Such decisions are inherently controversial, implying, as they do, that some patients will receive less than comprehensive health care, or less than complete protection from the financial consequences of ill-heath, even when there is a clinically effective therapy to which they might have access.Controversial decisions of this (...)
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  37. Moral Psychology: Feminist Ethics and Social Theory.Sandra Lee Bartky, Paul Benson, Sue Campbell, Claudia Card, Robin S. Dillon, Jean Harvey, Karen Jones, Charles W. Mills, James Lindemann Nelson, Margaret Urban Walker, Rebecca Whisnant & Catherine Wilson - 2004 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Moral psychology studies the features of cognition, judgement, perception and emotion that make human beings capable of moral action. Perspectives from feminist and race theory immensely enrich moral psychology. Writers who take these perspectives ask questions about mind, feeling, and action in contexts of social difference and unequal power and opportunity. These essays by a distinguished international cast of philosophers explore moral psychology as it connects to social life, scientific studies, and literature.
     
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  38.  2
    Democratic Equality.James Lindley Wilson - 2019 - Princeton University Press.
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  39. Is Respect for Autonomy Defensible?James Wilson - 2007 - Journal of Medical Ethics 33 (6):353-356.
    Three main claims are made in this paper. First, it is argued that Onora O’Neill has uncovered a serious problem in the way medical ethicists have thought about both respect for autonomy and informed consent. Medical ethicists have tended to think that autonomous choices are intrinsically worthy of respect, and that informed consent procedures are the best way to respect the autonomous choices of individuals. However, O’Neill convincingly argues that we should abandon both these thoughts. Second, it is argued that (...)
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  40. The Moral Sense.James Q. Wilson - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1):43-47.
     
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  41.  48
    Health Inequities.James Wilson - unknown
    The infant mortality rate in Liberia is 50 times higher than it is in Sweden, whilst a child born in Japan has a life expectancy at birth of more than double that of one born in Zambia. 1 And within countries, we see differences which are nearly as great. For example, if you were in the USA and travelled the short journey from the poorer parts of Washington to Montgomery County Maryland, you would find that ‘for each mile travelled life (...)
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  42. Could There Be a Right to Own Intellectual Property?James Wilson - 2009 - Law and Philosophy 28 (4):393 - 427.
    Intellectual property typically involves claims of ownership of types, rather than particulars. In this article I argue that this difference in ontology makes an important moral difference. In particular I argue that there cannot be an intrinsic moral right to own intellectual property. I begin by establishing a necessary condition for the justification of intrinsic moral rights claims, which I call the Rights Justification Principle. Briefly, this holds that if we want to claim that there is an intrinsic moral right (...)
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  43. Universal Health Coverage, Priority Setting and the Human Right to Health.Benedict Rumbold, Octavio Ferraz, Sarah Hawkes, Rachel Baker, Carleigh Crubiner, Peter Littlejohns, Ole Frithjof Norheim, Thomas Pegram, Annette Rid, Sridhar Venkatapuram, Alex Voorhoeve, Albert Weale, James Wilson, Alicia Ely Yamin & Daniel Wang - 2017 - The Lancet 390 (10095):712-14.
    As health policy-makers around the world seek to make progress towards universal health coverage, they must navigate between two important ethical imperatives: to set national spending priorities fairly and efficiently; and to safeguard the right to health. These imperatives can conflict, leading some to conclude that rights-based approaches present a disruptive influence on health policy, hindering states’ efforts to set priorities fairly and efficiently. Here, we challenge this perception. We argue first that these points of tension stem largely from inadequate (...)
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  44. Adorno, Theodor W. Can One Live After Auschwitz?: A Philosophical Reader. Palo Alto, CA: Stanford University Press, 2003. Pp. Xxvii+ 525. Cloth, $75.00. Paper, $29.95. Antony, Louise M. And Norbert Hornstein, Editors. Chomsky and His Critics. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2003. Pp. Viii+ 342. Paper, $29.95. [REVIEW]James A. Arieti, Patrick A. Wilson & Daniel Baraz - 2003 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 41 (4).
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  45. When is Deception in Research Ethical?Nafsika Athanassoulis & James Wilson - 2009 - Clinical Ethics 4 (1):44-49.
    This article examines when deceptive withholding of information is ethically acceptable in research. The first half analyses the concept of deception. We argue that there are two types of accounts of deception: normative and non-normative, and argue that non-normative accounts are preferable. The second half of the article argues that the relevant ethical question which ethics committees should focus on is not whether the person from whom the information is withheld will be deceived, but rather on the reasonableness of withholding (...)
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  46.  14
    Reducing Pseudoscientific and Paranormal Beliefs in University Students Through a Course in Science and Critical Thinking.James Wilson - 2018 - Science & Education 27 (1-2):183-210.
    This study measured the relationship between student’s religion, gender, and propensity for fantasy thinking with the change in belief for paranormal and pseudoscientific subjects following a science and critical thinking course that directly confronted these subjects. Student pre-course endorsement of religious, paranormal, and pseudoscientific beliefs ranged from 21 to 53%, with religion having the highest endorsement rate. Pre-course belief in paranormal and pseudoscientific subjects was correlated with high scores in some fantasy thinking scales and showed a gender and a religion (...)
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  47.  32
    Self-Tests for Influenza: An Empirical Ethics Investigation.Benedict Rumbold, Clare Wenham & James Wilson - 2017 - BMC Medical Ethics 18 (1):33.
    In this article we aim to assess the ethical desirability of self-test diagnostic kits for influenza, focusing in particular on the potential benefits and challenges posed by a new, mobile phone-based tool currently being developed by i-sense, an interdisciplinary research collaboration based at University College London and funded by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council. Our study adopts an empirical ethics approach, supplementing an initial review into the ethical considerations posed by such technologies with qualitative data from three focus (...)
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  48.  68
    Natural Selection and the Struggle for Existence.James G. Lennox & Bradley E. Wilson - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (1):65-80.
  49.  21
    Public Value, Maximization and Health Policy: An Examination of Hausman’s Restricted Consequentialism.James Wilson - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2).
    In the book Valuing Health, Daniel Hausman sets out a normative framework for assessing social policy, which he calls restricted consequentialism. For the restricted consequentialist, government policy-making not only is, but ought to be, largely siloed in individual government departments. Each department has its own goal linked to a fundamental public value, which it should pursue in a maximizing way. I argue that, first, Hausman’s argument appears to be internally inconsistent: his case for thinking that health policy should default to (...)
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  50.  30
    Giving Liberty Its Due, But No More: Trans Fats, Liberty, and Public Health.James Wilson - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):34-36.
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