Results for 'Dr James Wilson'

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  1.  53
    Giving Liberty Its Due, But No More: Trans Fats, Liberty, and Public Health.Dr James Wilson - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):34-36.
    Resnik’s argument relies upon an undefended and unjustified overvaluation of liberty. First, he overlooks some important arguments in favour of restrictions to liberty, and his consideration of the two he does review is unfair; second his account grossly overestimates the autonomy of our food choices; and lastly his mechanism for balancing liberty against other concerns involves an illicit double counting of the weight of individual liberty.
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  2.  76
    Justice and the Social Determinants of Health: An Overview.Dr James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (3):210-213.
    The WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health revealed that there is a 28-year disparity between the life expectancy in the poorest postcode and the richest postcode of Glasgow (CSDH, 2008). There are two sets of questions that it is important to ask about health inequalities like these: first, epidemiological questions about the mechanisms that cause inequalities in health and the measures that are effective in reducing them. Second, normative questions about which inequalities in health are wrong and why (...)
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  3.  65
    Counterfactuals in the Real World.James Woodward & Mark Wilson - 2019 - In Nicolas Fillion, Robert M. Corless & Ilias S. Kotsireas (eds.), Algorithms and Complexity in Mathematics, Epistemology, and Science: Proceedings of 2015 and 2016 Acmes Conferences. Springer New York. pp. 269-294.
    Following Jacques Hadamard, applied mathematicians typically investigate their models in the form of well-set problems, which actually consist of a family of applicational circumstances that vary in specific ways with respect to their initial and boundary values. The chief motive for investigating models in this wider manner is to avoid the improper behavioral conclusions one might reach from the consideration of a more restricted range of cases. Suitable specifications of the required initial and boundary variability typically appeal to previously established (...)
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  4.  6
    Nike, iemi, icio, iacio+ etymology of greek and latin nouns.James Wilson Poultney - 1985 - American Journal of Philology 106 (1):101-107.
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  5.  17
    Nikh," Ihmi, icio, iacio.James Wilson Poultney - 1985 - American Journal of Philology 106 (1):101.
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  6.  20
    Killing without Heart: Limits on Robotic Warfare in an Age of Persistent Conflict.Dr James L. Cook - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):106-111.
    (2014). Killing without Heart: Limits on Robotic Warfare in an Age of Persistent Conflict. Journal of Military Ethics: Vol. 13, No. 1, pp. 106-111. doi: 10.1080/15027570.2014.910017.
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  7.  79
    Not So Special After All? Daniels and the Social Determinants of Health.Wilson James - 2009 - Journal of Medical Ethics 35 (1):3 - 6.
    Just health: meeting health needs fairly is an ambitious book, in which Norman Daniels attempts to bring together in a single framework all his work on health and justice from the past 25 years. One major aim is to reconcile his earlier work on the special moral importance of healthcare with his later work on the social determinants of health. In his earlier work, Daniels argued that healthcare is of special moral importance because it protects opportunity. In this later work, (...)
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  8.  17
    Why can't science be more like history: A response to Ruth Leys' The Ascent of Affect. Genealogy and Critique.Dr James Nikopoulos - forthcoming - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A.
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  9.  14
    Duty.Dr James L. Cook - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (1):112-115.
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  10.  16
    The Future of the Just War: New Critical Essays.Dr James L. Cook - 2014 - Journal of Military Ethics 13 (2):203-210.
  11.  19
    Parsons' contributions to sociological theory: Reflections on the Schutz-Parsons correspondence. [REVIEW]Dr James J. Valone - 1980 - Human Studies 3 (1):375-386.
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  12.  14
    Surgical Ethics.Laurence B. McCullough, James Wilson Jones & Baruch A. Brody - 1998 - Oxford University Press USA.
    This is the first textbook of surgical ethics. It is a practical, clinically comprehenive, well-organized guide to ethical issues in surgical practice, research, and education written by leading figures in surgery and bioethics. The authors cover the surgeon-patient relationship, the full range of surgical patients, surgical education and research, and surgery and managed care. Their chapters are not abstract discussions of ethical principles; rather, they connect directly with the everyday concerns of practicing surgeons.
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  13.  16
    Essay review: Why Can't Science Be More Like History: A Response to Ruth Leys' The Ascent of Affect. Genealogy and Critique. [REVIEW]Dr James Nikopoulos - 2019 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 75:57-61.
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  14.  52
    No ordinário da Vida, um encontro com deus – Uma leitura da revelação a partir da obra crime E castigo, de fiodor dostoievski.James Wilson Januário de Oliveira & Wesclei Ribeiro da Cunha - 2013 - Revista de Teologia 7 (12):89-101.
    The objective of the present text is to develop a reflection about the value of human life in today’s society bringing into focus the contrasting perspectives of the ordinary and the extraordinary of life. For that purpose, we emphasize the conception of the Catholic Church from the Second Vatican Council that suggests an attitude of a Pilgrim Church which longs for dialogue with human beings in their ordinary life (we intend to rescue the positive sense of the term "ordinary"), in (...)
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  15.  44
    The Social Implications of Abortion.Rev Dr James J. McCartney - 1996 - Journal for Peace and Justice Studies 7 (1):85-91.
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  16.  33
    Nuel Belnap: Doctoral students.Carlos Giannoni, Robert Meyer, J. Michael Dunn, Peter Woodruff, James Garson, Kent Wilson, Dorothy Grover, Ruth Manor, Alasdair Urquhart & Garrel Pottinger - 1990 - In J. Dunn & A. Gupta (eds.), Truth or Consequences: Essays in Honor of Nuel Belnap. Boston, MA, USA: Kluwer Academic Publishers.
  17.  17
    Democratic Equality.James Lindley Wilson - 2019 - Princeton University Press.
    Democracy establishes relationships of political equality, ones in which citizens equally share authority over what they do together and respect one another as equals. But in today's divided public square, democracy is challenged by political thinkers who disagree about how democratic institutions should be organized, and by antidemocratic politicians who exploit uncertainties about what democracy requires and why it matters. Democratic Equality mounts a bold and persuasive defense of democracy as a way of making collective decisions, showing how equality of (...)
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  18.  5
    Barriers Encountered Conducting Informed Consent Research.Patricia Agre, Bruce Rapkin, James Dougherty & Roger Wilson - 2002 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 24 (4):1.
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  19.  26
    Using Stakeholder Orientation to Explain Candidate Attraction to Specific Corporate Social Practices.Dr Felissa K. Lee & Dr James E. Mattingly - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:77-88.
    Early research examining the relationship between corporate social practices and candidate attraction generally concludes that prospective employees prefer to be affiliated with socially responsible organizations (Dolan, 1997; Greening & Turban, 2000; Turban & Greening, 1996). A basic assumption embedded in these studies is that there is a generalized consensus among job candidates regarding the factors that constitute a desirable social record. Our project challenges this assumption and seeks to uncover variation among prospective job candidates’ attraction to specific organizations’ social practices. (...)
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  20.  9
    Philosophy for Public Health and Public Policy: Beyond the Neglectful State.James Wilson - 2021 - Oxford University Press.
    This work argues that philosophy is not just useful, but vital, for thinking coherently about priorities in health policy and public policy.
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  21.  21
    Introduction to Symposium on Daniel Hausman’s Valuing Health: Well-Being, Freedom and Suffering.James Wilson - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2):105-108.
    This article introduces a symposium on Daniel Hausman’s Valuing Health: Well-Being, Suffering and Freedom. The symposium contains papers by Elselijn Kingma, Adam Oliver, Anna Alexandrova, Erik Nord, Alex Voorhoeve and James Wilson, with replies by Daniel Hausman. In Valuing Health, Hausman argues that, despite apparently measuring health, projects such as the Global Burden of Disease Study in fact measure judgments about the value of health. Once this has been clarified, the key question is how the value of health (...)
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  22.  25
    Embracing complexity: theory, cases and the future of bioethics.James Wilson - 2014 - Monash Bioethics Review 32 (1-2):3-21.
    This paper reflects on the relationship between theory and practice in bioethics, by using various concepts drawn from debates on innovation in healthcare research—in particular debates around how best to connect up blue skies ‘basic’ research with practical innovations that can improve human lives. It argues that it is a mistake to assume that the most difficult and important questions in bioethics are the most abstract ones, and also a mistake to assume that getting clear about abstract cases will automatically (...)
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  23.  75
    Making the All‐Affected Principle Safe for Democracy.James Lindley Wilson - 2022 - Philosophy and Public Affairs 50 (2):169-201.
    Philosophy & Public Affairs, Volume 50, Issue 2, Page 169-201, Spring 2022.
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  24. The Moral Sense.James Q. Wilson - 1995 - Behavior and Philosophy 23 (1):43-47.
     
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  25.  75
    VII-Internal and External Validity in Thought Experiments.James Wilson - 2016 - Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 116 (2):127-152.
    This paper develops an account of rigour in the use of thought experiments in ethics. I argue that there are two separate challenges to be faced. The first is internal validity: is the thought experiment designed in a way that allows its readers to make judgements that are confident and free of bias about the hypothesis or point of principle that it aims to test? The second is external validity: to what extent do ethical judgements that are correct of the (...)
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  26.  30
    Eyes on the Streets: Media Use and Public Opinion About Facial Recognition Technology.David C. Wilson, Ashley Paintsil, Wyatt Dawson, James Bingaman & Paul R. Brewer - 2022 - Bulletin of Science, Technology and Society 42 (4):133-143.
    This study examines how different forms of media use predict attitudes toward the development of facial recognition technology (FRT) and applications of it by law enforcement to identify criminal suspects, identify potential terrorists, and monitor public protests. The theoretical framework builds on theories of cultivation and genre-specific viewing to develop hypotheses and research questions. The analyses draw on original data from two nationally representative surveys of the U.S. public conducted in 2020, amid a series of controversies and protests about policing (...)
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  27.  14
    What makes a health system good? From cost-effectiveness analysis to ethical improvement in health systems.James Wilson - 2023 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 26 (3):351-365.
    Fair allocation of scarce healthcare resources has been much studied within philosophy and bioethics, but analysis has focused on a narrow range of cases. The Covid-19 pandemic provided significant new challenges, making powerfully visible the extent to which health systems can be fragile, and how scarcities within crucial elements of interlinked care pathways can lead to cascading failures. Health system resilience, while previously a key topic in global health, can now be seen to be a vital concern in high-income countries (...)
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  28.  14
    Giving Liberty Its Due, But No More: Trans Fats, Liberty, and Public Health.James Wilson - 2010 - American Journal of Bioethics 10 (3):34-36.
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  29. Providing ethics advice in a pandemic, in theory and in practice: A taxonomy of ethics advice.James Wilson, Jack Hume, Cian O'Donovan & Melanie Smallman - 2024 - Bioethics 38 (3):213-222.
    The pandemic significantly raised the stakes for the translation of bioethics insights into policy. The novelty, range and sheer quantity of the ethical problems that needed to be addressed urgently within public policy were unprecedented and required high‐bandwidth two‐way transfer of insights between academic bioethics and policy. Countries such as the United Kingdom, which do not have a National Ethics Committee, faced particular challenges in how to facilitate this. This paper takes as a case study the brief career of the (...)
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  30.  31
    Natural selection and the struggle for existence.James G. Lennox & Bradley E. Wilson - 1994 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A 25 (1):65-80.
  31.  32
    The right to public health.James Wilson - 2016 - Journal of Medical Ethics 42 (6):367-375.
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  32.  17
    Political Equality and Geographic Constituency.James Lindley Wilson - forthcoming - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice:1-20.
    Geographic definitions of constituency—the set of voters eligible to vote for a representative—have been criticized by theorists and reformers as undermining democratic values. I argue, in response, that there is no categorical (or even generally applicable) reason sounding in political equality to reject geographic districts. Geographic districting systems are typically flexible enough that, when properly designed, and matched with an appropriate electoral system, they can satisfy the requirements of political equality. More generally, I argue that it is a mistake to (...)
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  33.  36
    Varieties of Religion Today: William James Revisited (review).James G. S. Wilson - 2003 - Journal of Speculative Philosophy 17 (4):323-325.
  34.  33
    Public Value, Maximization and Health Policy: An Examination of Hausman’s Restricted Consequentialism.James Wilson - 2017 - Public Health Ethics 10 (2).
    In the book Valuing Health, Daniel Hausman sets out a normative framework for assessing social policy, which he calls restricted consequentialism. For the restricted consequentialist, government policy-making not only is, but ought to be, largely siloed in individual government departments. Each department has its own goal linked to a fundamental public value, which it should pursue in a maximizing way. I argue that, first, Hausman’s argument appears to be internally inconsistent: his case for thinking that health policy should default to (...)
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  35.  22
    On Human Nature. [REVIEW]James M. Gustafson & Edward O. Wilson - 1979 - Hastings Center Report 9 (1):44.
    Book reviewed in this article: On Human Nature. By Edward O. Wilson.
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  36.  24
    Equal Justice: Fair Legal Systems in an Unfair World, by Frederick Wilmot-Smith.James Lindley Wilson - 2021 - Mind 130 (519):1049-1057.
    Equal Justice: Fair Legal Systems in an Unfair World, by Wilmot-SmithFrederick. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2019. Pp. 256.
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  37. The Gospel of the Atonement.James M. Wilson - 1900 - International Journal of Ethics 10 (3):395-399.
     
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  38. Wanted: Another Archbishop's Committee on the Teaching Office of the Church.James M. Wilson - 1918 - Hibbert Journal 17:214.
     
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  39.  15
    Virtue and the Moral Life: Theological and Philosophical Perspectives.Mark A. Wilson, Julie Hanlon Rubio, Lisa Tessman, Mary M. Doyle Roche, James F. Keenan, Margaret Urban Walker, Jamie Schillinger, Jean Porter, Jennifer A. Herdt & Edmund N. Santurri (eds.) - 2014 - Lanham: Lexington Books.
    Virtue and the Moral Life brings together distinguished philosophers and theologians with younger scholars of consummate promise to produce ten essays that engage both academics and students of ethics. This collection explores the role virtues play in identifying the good life and the good society.
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  40. Philanthrocapitalism and Global Health.James Wilson - 2020 - In Solomon Benatar & Gillian Brock (eds.), Global Health: Ethical Challenges. Cambridge University Press.
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  41.  37
    Comprehension Testing in Informed Consent.Wilson T. King & James E. Heubi - 2014 - AJOB Empirical Bioethics 5 (3):39-54.
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  42. Privacy Rights and Public Information.Benedict Rumbold & James Wilson - 2018 - Journal of Political Philosophy 27 (1):3-25.
    This article concerns the nature and limits of individuals’ rights to privacy over information that they have made public. For some, even suggesting that an individual can have a right to privacy over such information may seem paradoxical. First, one has no right to privacy over information that was never private to begin with. Second, insofar as one makes once-private information public – whether intentionally or unintentionally – one waives one’s right to privacy to that information. In this article, however, (...)
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  43.  21
    The liberal populism of Shmuel Nili’s The People’s Duty.James Lindley Wilson - 2021 - Critical Review of International Social and Political Philosophy 24 (4):616-621.
  44. Liberalism, Modernism, and the Good Life.James Q. Wilson - 1995 - Department of Economics and Political Science, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign.
     
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  45.  7
    The vision of the soul: truth, goodness, and beauty in the western tradition.James Matthew Wilson - 2017 - Washington, D.C.: The Catholic University of America Press.
    Ours is an age full of desires but impoverished in its understanding of where those desires lead—an age that claims mastery over the world but also claims to find the world as a whole absurd or unintelligible. In The Vision of the Soul, James Matthew Wilson seeks to conserve the great insights of the western tradition by giving us a new account of them responsive to modern discontents. The western— or Christian Platonist—tradition, he argues, tells us that man (...)
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  46.  7
    Best Practices for Technology-Enhanced Teaching and Learning: Connecting to Psychology and the Social Sciences.Dana S. Dunn, Janie H. Wilson, James Freeman & Jeffrey R. Stowell - 2011 - Oxford University Press USA.
    The use of technology and teaching techniques derived from technology is currently a bourgeoning topic in higher education. Teachers at all levels and types of institutions want to know how these new technologies will affect what happens in and outside of the classroom. Many teachers have already embraced some of these technologies but remain uncertain about their educational efficacy. Other teachers have waited because they are reluctant to try tools or techniques that remain unproven or, as is often the case, (...)
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  47.  32
    The Scientific & the Divine: Conflict and Reconciliation From Ancient Greece to the Present.James A. Arieti & Patrick A. Wilson - 2003 - Rowman & Littlefield Publishers.
    Examines the perennial issues that keep science and religion at arm's length, clarifies those issues, and fits them into an historical framework—from Plato, to Aquinas, to today's thinkers.
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  48. Towards a normative framework for public health ethics and policy.James Wilson - 2009 - Public Health Ethics 2 (2):184-194.
    Comprehensive Biomedical Research Centre and Centre for Philosophy, Justice and Health, UCL, First Floor, Charles Bell House, 67–73 Riding House Street, London W1W 7EJ, UK. Tel.: +44 (0)20 7679 9417; Fax: +44 (0)20 7679 9426; Email: james-gs.wilson{at}ucl.ac.uk ' + u + '@' + d + ' '//--> . Abstract This paper aims to shed some light on the difficulties we face in constructing a generally acceptable normative framework for thinking about public health. It argues that there are three (...)
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  49.  20
    All your Bayes (are) belong to us: Jan Sprenger and Stephan Hartmann: Bayesian philosophy of science. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2019, 414 pp, £63.00 HB.James Wilson - 2021 - Metascience 30 (2):227-230.
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  50.  22
    Constitutional Majoritarianism against Popular “Regulation” in the Federalist.James Lindley Wilson - 2022 - Political Theory 50 (3):449-476.
    In this essay, I make the interpretive claim that we cannot properly understand the Federalist without appreciating the extent to which the papers mount a sustained rejection of extra-constitutional democracy—practices in which people aim to assert authority over the terms of common life in ways that are not sanctioned by existing laws. I survey such practices, which were common in America before and after the Revolution. I argue that there is continuity between Publius’s justification for rejecting extra-constitutional democracy and his (...)
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