Results for 'Dr Karsten Witt'

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  1.  49
    Das Identitätsproblem der tiefen Hirnstimulation und einige seiner praktischen Implikationen.Dr Karsten Witt - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):5-18.
    Ein Leitmotiv der medizinethischen Auseinandersetzung mit der tiefen Hirnstimulation (THS) ist die Beschäftigung mit Fragen personaler Identität. Da es sich bei personaler Identität auch um ein Problem der theoretischen Philosophie handelt, wird in diesem Aufsatz nicht nur die praktische Frage nach der ethischen Legitimation der THS durch informierte Einwilligung gestellt und ein modifiziertes Legitimationskriterium für wesensändernde THS erarbeitet. Vielmehr wird zunächst versucht, das Problem, um das es in der Debatte um THS und personaler Identität geht, besser zu verstehen.
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  2. Against Person Essentialism.Eric T. Olson* & Karsten Witt - 2020 - Mind 129 (515):715-735.
    It is widely held that every person is a person essentially, where being a person is having special mental properties such as intelligence and self-consciousness. It follows that nothing can acquire or lose these properties. The paper argues that this rules out all familiar psychological-continuity views of personal identity over time. It also faces grave difficulties in accounting for the mental powers of human beings who are not intelligent and self-conscious, such as foetuses and those with dementia.
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  3. Deep Brain Stimulation and the Search for Identity.Karsten Witt, Jens Kuhn, Lars Timmermann, Mateusz Zurowski & Christiane Woopen - 2011 - Neuroethics 6 (3):499-511.
    Ethical evaluation of deep brain stimulation as a treatment for Parkinson’s disease is complicated by results that can be described as involving changes in the patient’s identity. The risk of becoming another person following surgery is alarming for patients, caregivers and clinicians alike. It is one of the most urgent conceptual and ethical problems facing deep brain stimulation in Parkinson’s disease at this time. In our paper we take issue with this problem on two accounts. First, we elucidate what is (...)
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  4. Narrative and persistence.Eric T. Olson & Karsten Witt - 2019 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 49 (3):419-434.
    ABSTRACTMany philosophers say that the nature of personal identity has to do with narratives: the stories we tell about ourselves. While different narrativists address different questions of personal identity, some propose narrativist accounts of personal identity over time. The paper argues that such accounts have troubling consequences about the beginning and end of our lives, lead to inconsistencies, and involve backwards causation. The problems can be solved, but only by modifying the accounts in ways that deprive them of their appeal.
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  5.  77
    Narrative and Characterization.Karsten Witt - 2020 - Erkenntnis 85 (1):45-63.
    Many philosophers working on personal identity and ethics say that personal identity is constituted by stories: narratives people tell or would tell about their lives. Most of them also say that this is personal identity in the ‘characterization sense’, that it is the notion people in ordinary contexts are interested in, and that it raises the ‘characterization question’. I argue that these claims are inconsistent. Narrativists can avoid the incompatibility in one of two ways: They can concede that their view (...)
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  6.  20
    In Defence of Advance Directives in Dementia.Karsten Witt - 2019 - Pacific Philosophical Quarterly 101 (1):2-21.
    It has often been claimed that orthodox thinking about personal identity undermines the moral authority of advance directives in dementia by implying that the signer of the directive is numerically different from the severely demented patient. This is the ‘identity problem'. I introduce the problem, outline some well‐known solutions, and explain why they might be deemed unattractive. I then propose an alternative solution. It promises to be compatible with orthodox thinking about personal identity. I discuss three ways in which it (...)
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  7.  32
    Identity change and informed consent.Karsten Witt - 2017 - Journal of Medical Ethics 43 (6):384-390.
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  8.  39
    Deep brain stimulation, personal identity, and informed consent.Karsten Witt - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):5-18.
    Ein Leitmotiv der medizinethischen Auseinandersetzung mit der tiefen Hirnstimulation (THS) ist die Beschäftigung mit Fragen personaler Identität. Da es sich bei personaler Identität auch um ein Problem der theoretischen Philosophie handelt, wird in diesem Aufsatz nicht nur die praktische Frage nach der ethischen Legitimation der THS durch informierte Einwilligung gestellt und ein modifiziertes Legitimationskriterium für wesensändernde THS erarbeitet. Vielmehr wird zunächst versucht, das Problem, um das es in der Debatte um THS und personaler Identität geht, besser zu verstehen.
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  9.  13
    Caregiver burden and the medical ethos.Karsten Witt, Johanne Stümpel & Christiane Woopen - 2017 - Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 20 (3):383-391.
    Are physicians sometimes morally required to ease caregiver burden? In our paper we defend an affirmative answer to this question. First, we examine the well-established principle that medical care should be centered on the patient. We argue that although this principle seems to give physicians some leeway to lessen caregivers' suffering, it is very restrictive when spelled out precisely. Based on a critical analysis of existing cases for transcending patient-centeredness we then go on to argue that the medical ethos should (...)
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  10.  8
    Deep brain stimulation, personal identity, and informed consent.Karsten Witt - 2013 - Ethik in der Medizin 25 (1):5-18.
    Ein Leitmotiv der medizinethischen Auseinandersetzung mit der tiefen Hirnstimulation (THS) ist die Beschäftigung mit Fragen personaler Identität. Da es sich bei personaler Identität auch um ein Problem der theoretischen Philosophie handelt, wird in diesem Aufsatz nicht nur die praktische Frage nach der ethischen Legitimation der THS durch informierte Einwilligung gestellt und ein modifiziertes Legitimationskriterium für wesensändernde THS erarbeitet. Vielmehr wird zunächst versucht, das Problem, um das es in der Debatte um THS und personaler Identität geht, besser zu verstehen.
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  11.  59
    Demenz und personale Identität.Karsten Witt - 2018 - Zeitschrift für Praktische Philosophie 5 (1):153-180.
    Viele Menschen halten Patientenverfügungen für ein geeignetes Mittel, um selbstbestimmt zu entscheiden, wie mit ihnen im Fall schwerer Demenz umgegangen werden soll. Die meisten Bioethiker stimmen ihnen zu: Demenzverfügungen seien Ausdruck der „verlängerten Autonomie“ der Patientin. Doch ob sie recht haben, ist unklar. Dem viel beachteten Identitätseinwand zufolge sind die Ausstellerin der Verfügung und ihre schwer demente Nachfolgerin numerisch verschieden: Sie sind zwei und nicht eins. Wenn das stimmt, kann die Ausstellerin nicht verfügen, wie mit ihr im Falle schwerer Demenz (...)
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  12.  5
    Theorie des Kinos.Karsten Witte - 1972 - Frankfurt am Main]: Suhrkamp.
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  13. Theorie des Kinos.Karsten Witte - 1972 - Frankfurt am Main]: Suhrkamp.
     
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  14.  28
    Tim Lewens, The Biological Foundations of Bioethics: Oxford: OUP 2015 240 pages Hardback ISBN 0198712650 € 43.Karsten Witt - 2017 - Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 20 (1):205-207.
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  15.  54
    Neural Correlates of Executed Compared to Imagined Writing and Drawing Movements: A Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.Alexander Baumann, Inken Tödt, Arne Knutzen, Carl Alexander Gless, Oliver Granert, Stephan Wolff, Christian Marquardt, Jos S. Becktepe, Sönke Peters, Karsten Witt & Kirsten E. Zeuner - 2022 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 16.
    ObjectiveIn this study we used functional magnetic resonance imaging to investigate whether motor imagery of handwriting and circle drawing activates a similar handwriting network as writing and drawing itself.MethodsEighteen healthy right-handed participants wrote the German word “Wellen” and drew continuously circles in a sitting and lying position to capture kinematic handwriting parameters such as velocity, pressure and regularity of hand movements. Afterward, they performed the same tasks during fMRI in a MI and an executed condition.ResultsThe kinematic analysis revealed a general (...)
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  16.  19
    Menschengesichte: Max Picards Literarische Physiognomik.Karsten Lichau - 2014 - Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag.
    In der Reihe Deutsche Literatur erscheinen Studien und Quellen der germanistischen Literaturwissenschaft vom Mittelalter bis zur Gegenwart. Es handelt sich um philologisch grundlegende Arbeiten, die das Fach in seiner ganzen methodischen und thematischen Breite abdecken und literaturgeschichtliche Analysen mit theoretischer Reflexion auf hohem Niveau verbinden. Die Ausgaben im Rahmen der Reihe stellen ambitionierte, innovative Editionsvorhaben dar. Komparatistische Perspektiven auf die deutschsprachige Literatur sind ausdr cklich erw nscht. Herausgegeben wird die Reihe von zwei ausgewiesenen Vertreterinnen ihres Faches, die den analytischen Anspruch (...)
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  17. Ways of Being: Potentiality and Actuality in Aristotle’s Metaphysics.Charlotte Witt - 2003 - Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press.
    Aristotle's defense of Dunamis -- Power and potentiality -- Rational and nonrational powers -- The priority of actuality -- Ontological hierarchy, normativity, and gender.
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  18.  43
    What is Bottom-Up and What is Top-Down in Predictive Coding?Karsten Rauss & Gilles Pourtois - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  19.  9
    Philosophie und Phantastik: über die Bedingungen, das Mögliche zu denken.Karsten Weber, Hans Friesen & Thomas Zoglauer (eds.) - 2016 - Münster: Mentis.
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  20.  2
    Logik ohne Dornen: die Rezeption von A.G. Baumgartens Ästhetik im Spannungsfeld von logischem Begriff und ästhetischer Anschauung.Egbert Witte - 2000 - New York: G. Olms Verlag.
  21. Responses to Professors Richardson, Rouse and Lepold.Charlotte Witt - forthcoming - Inquiry: An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy.
    It is a genuine pleasure to engage with the insightful and generous comments of my colleagues. I have learned a lot from them, and I hope to continue our conversations in the future. The range of c...
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  22. Freedom as Critique. Foucault Beyond Anarchism.Karsten Schubert - 2020 - Philosophy and Social Criticism 46.
    Foucault's theory of power and subjectification challenges common concepts of freedom in social philosophy and expands them through the concept of 'freedom as critique': Freedom can be defined as the capability to critically reflect one's own subjectification, and the conditions of possibility for this critical capacity lie in political and social institutions. The article develops this concept through a critical discussion of the standard response by Foucault interpreters to the standard objection that Foucault's thinking obscures freedom. The standard response interprets (...)
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  23.  12
    “The Root of All Evil” Revisited: My Journey from Heidegger to Cusanus.Karsten Harries - 2023 - International Journal of Philosophical Studies 32 (1):101-123.
    I first examine the context that led me to write ‘The Root of all Evil.’ A second section rehearses my present understanding of the significance and the inadequacy of Heidegger’s fundamental ontology. A third section turns to the way my thinking has evolved, including a brief account of the way it has moved from Heidegger to the 15th century cardinal and philosopher Nicolaus Cusanus. I conclude with some remarks about what I take to be my place in today’s philosophy world.
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  24. Freiheit Als Kritik: Sozialphilosophie Nach Foucault.Karsten Schubert - 2018 - Dissertation, Universität Leipzig
    Wie können Freiheit und Widerstand innerhalb von Foucaults Theorie der Macht und Subjektivierung konzipiert werden? Karsten Schubert liefert die erste systematische Rekonstruktion der sozialphilosophischen Debatte um Freiheit bei Foucault und eine neue Lösung für das Freiheitsproblem: Freiheit als die Fähigkeit zur reflexiven Kritik der eigenen Subjektivierung – kurz: Freiheit als Kritik – ist das Resultat von freiheitlicher Subjektivierung in politischen Institutionen. Der Band zeigt so die Konsequenzen von Foucaults Freiheitsdenken für die Demokratietheorie und die allgemeine sozialphilosophische Freiheitsdiskussion auf.
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  25.  9
    Betrachtungen über Kunst und Kunstbeurteilung.Heiner Karsten - 1979 - Hann[oversch] Münden: Gauke.
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  26.  9
    Die Welt der Friktionen.Heiner Karsten - 1979 - St. Michael: Bläschke.
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  27.  24
    Augmented Reality and Augmented Perception.Karsten Schoellner - 2017 - In José María Ariso (ed.), Augmented Reality: Reflections on its Contribution to Knowledge Formation. Berlin: De Gruyter. pp. 171-192.
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  28.  99
    Substance and essence in Aristotle: an interpretation of Metaphysics VII-IX.Charlotte Witt - 1989 - Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
    Charlotte Witt extracts from this text a coherent and provocative view about sensible substance by focusing on Aristotle's account of form or essence.
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  29.  10
    Von Schildkröten und Lügnern: Paradoxien und Antinomien in den Wissenschaften.Karsten Engel (ed.) - 2018 - Münster: Mentis.
  30.  18
    Martin Heidegger: politics, art, and technology.Karsten Harries & Christoph Jamme (eds.) - 1994 - New York: Holmes & Meier.
    This volume has its origins in the colloquium 'Art, Politics, Technology -- Martin Heidegger 1889-1989' held at Yale University in 1989. The centenary provided the obvious occasion: regardless of whether deplored or welcomed, the far-reaching influence of Heidegger today is beyond question, an influence underscored in that centenary year by the literally scores of conferences that took place all over the world.
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  31. Understanding Truth and Objectivity: A Dialogue between Donald Davidson and Hans-Georg Gadamer.Karsten Stueber - 1994 - In Brice R. Wachterhauser (ed.), Hermeneutics and truth. Evanston, Ill.: Northwestern University Press. pp. 172--89.
     
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  32.  18
    Commentary: Cluster failure: Why fMRI inferences for spatial extent have inflated false-positive rates.Karsten Mueller, Jöran Lepsien, Harald E. Möller & Gabriele Lohmann - 2017 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 11.
  33. Teleology in Aristotelian Metaphysics.Charlotte Witt - 1997 - In Jyl Gentzler (ed.), Method in ancient philosophy. Oxford University Press UK. pp. 253--69.
     
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  34. Rediscovering Empathy: Agency, Folk Psychology, and the Human Sciences.Karsten Stueber - 2006 - Bradford.
    In this timely and wide-ranging study, Karsten Stueber argues that empathy is epistemically central for our folk-psychological understanding of other agents--that it is something we cannot do without in order to gain understanding of other minds. Setting his argument in the context of contemporary philosophy of mind and the interdisciplinary debate about the nature of our mindreading abilities, Stueber counters objections raised by some in the philosophy of social science and argues that it is time to rehabilitate the empathy (...)
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  35.  15
    Historical-sociology vs. ontology: The role of economy in Otto Kirchheimer and Carl Schmitt’s essays ‘Legality and Legitimacy’.Karsten Olson - 2016 - History of the Human Sciences 29 (2):96-112.
    The pre-1932 writings of Otto Kirchheimer are often described by researchers as the work of a young ‘left-Schmittian’, a radical Marxist who gave the anti-liberal critique and theoretical apparatus of his Doktorvater Carl Schmitt a new purpose for different ‘political ends’. The danger of this approach is that fundamental divisions between the societal conceptualizations of both theoreticians are ignored in lieu of apparent terminological similarity. Through the lens of economy, it is therefore the intent of this article to continue in (...)
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  36.  8
    Social learning and the adaptiveness of expressing and perceiving fearfulness.Karsten Olsen & Ida Selbing - 2023 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 46:e74.
    The fearful ape hypothesis revolves around our ability to express and perceive fearfulness. Here, we address these abilities from a social learning perspective which casts fearfulness in a slightly different light. Our commentary argues that any theory that characterizes a (human) social signal as being adaptive, needs to address the role of social learning as an alternative candidate explanation.
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  37. 2 Imagining a place in the Andes.Karsten Pcerregaard - 1997 - In Karen Fog Olwig & Kirsten Hastrup (eds.), Siting Culture: The Shifting Anthropological Object. Routledge. pp. 39.
     
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  38.  11
    Philosophy and Popular Knowledge Unrelated? Witte - 1926 - Modern Schoolman 2 (8):108-108.
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  39.  8
    Pier Paolo Vergerio.Ronald G. Witt - 1997 - In Jill Kraye (ed.), Cambridge translations of Renaissance philosophical texts. New York: Cambridge University Press. pp. 2--117.
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  40. Teleology in Aristotelian Science and Metaphysics.Charlotte Witt - 1997 - In Jyl Gentzler (ed.), Method in ancient philosophy. Oxford University Press UK.
     
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  41.  40
    Dynamic charge-transfer bond-order potential for gallium nitride.Karsten Albe, J. Nord & K. Nordlund - 2009 - Philosophical Magazine 89 (34-36):3477-3497.
  42.  9
    Setzungen von Institutionen politischer Freiheit: Entstehung und Rezeption von Rousseaus Considérations sur le gouvernement de Pologne.Karsten Holste - 2016 - In Harald Bluhm & Konstanze Baron (eds.), Jean-Jacques Rousseau: Im Bann der Institutionen. Boston: De Gruyter. pp. 183-200.
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  43.  60
    The Causal Autonomy of Reason Explanations and How Not to Worry about Causal Deviance.Karsten R. Stueber - 2013 - Philosophy of the Social Sciences 43 (1):24-45.
    This essay will defend a causal conception of action explanations in terms of an agent’s reasons by delineating a metaphysical and epistemic framework that allows us to view folk psychology as providing us with causal and autonomous explanatory strategies of accounting for individual agency. At the same time, I will calm philosophical concerns about the issue of causal deviance that have been at the center of the recent debates between causalist and noncausalist interpretations of action explanations. For that purpose, it (...)
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  44.  11
    Introduction.Charlotte Witt - 1989 - In Substance and essence in Aristotle: an interpretation of Metaphysics VII-IX. Ithaca: Cornell University Press. pp. 1-5.
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  45. Freiheit Als Kritik: Sozialphilosophie Nach Foucault - Inhalt und Einleitung.Karsten Schubert - 2018 - Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.
    In der sozialphilosophischen Debatte um Freiheit bei Foucault wird das ‚Freiheitsproblem‘ verhandelt: Wie können Freiheit und Widerstand innerhalb von Foucaults Theorie der Macht und Subjektivierung konzipiert werden? Die Arbeit unterscheidet systematisch vier verschiedene Interpretationsstrategien von Foucaults Werk, die es als kohärente sozialphilosophische Theorie konstruieren und dabei das Freiheitsproblem lösen sollen; sie rekonstruiert die Arbeiten von exemplarischen Vertreter_innen dieser Strategien: 1. Foucault ist kohärent (Paul Patton), 2. Foucault korrigiert sich (Thomas Lemke), 3. Foucault kritisiert kohärent (Martin Saar), 4. Foucault ist nicht (...)
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  46.  6
    Responsible Bioentrepreneurs.Karsten Bolz & Christine Volkmann - 2019 - NanoEthics 13 (2):147-150.
    The principles of responsible bioentrepreneurship are a call for multiple stakeholders to engage in a manifold discourse driving a solution-oriented innovation process.
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  47.  30
    Predicting phenotypic effects of gene perturbations in C. elegans using an integrated network model.Karsten Borgwardt - 2008 - Bioessays 30 (8):707-710.
    Predicting the phenotype of an organism from its genotype is a central question in genetics. Most importantly, we would like to find out if the perturbation of a single gene may be the cause of a disease. However, our current ability to predict the phenotypic effects of perturbations of individual genes is limited. Network models of genes are one tool for tackling this problem. In a recent study, (Lee et al.) it has been shown that network models covering the majority (...)
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  48.  3
    Action Theoretical Approaches in European Communication Research: Some Introductory Remarks.Karsten Renckstorf & Denis McQuail - 2001 - Communications 26 (4):333-336.
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  49.  10
    Exploring newspapers' portrayals: A logic for interpretive content analysis.Karsten Renckstorf, Alexander Pleijter & Fred Wester - 2004 - Communications 29 (4):495-513.
    As shown through an inventory of the procedures used in diverse forms of qualitative content analysis projects, the logic of qualitative procedures is in most cases not standardized. Often researchers pay little or no attention to the procedures which they apply. This contribution presents and discusses a procedure for interpretive content analysis which was applied in an empirical study into trans-border news coverage in the Dutch-German Euregion Rhine-Waal. First, we will describe the study on the portrayal of the Dutch and (...)
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  50.  5
    Occupational position and consumption of news: A research note.Karsten Renckstorf, Ruben Konig & Paul Nelissen - 2008 - Communications 33 (4):473-484.
    This study explored in what way and to what extent people's occupational position corresponds with the consumption of news and the exposure to political content offered by the traditional mass media TV, radio, and newspaper, using survey data. The influence of occupational position in general and perceived amount of public social capital on especially consumption of news as well as the exposure to political media content, was evident. Findings are in line with the central assumptions on ‘audience activity’ of audience-centered (...)
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