Results for 'Dr Liane M. Gabora'

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  1.  13
    Creative Thought as a Non-Darwinian Evolutionary Process.Dr Liane M. Gabora - 2005 - [Journal (Paginated)] (in Press).
    Selection theory requires multiple, distinct, simultaneously-actualized states. In cognition, each thought or cognitive state changes the 'selection pressure' against which the next is evaluated; they are not simultaneously selected amongst. Creative thought is more a matter of honing in a vague idea through redescribing successive iterations of it from different real or imagined perspectives; in other words, actualizing potential through exposure to different contexts. It has been proven that the mathematical description of contextual change of state introduces a non-Kolmogorovian probability (...)
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  2.  45
    Meme and Variations.Liane M. Gabora - unknown
    American Political Science Association Meeting, New Orleans, 1985. Belew, R. K. "E,volut,ioi1. Leariiing, and Culture: Computational Metaphors for Adaptive Algorithms? Complex Systems 4 (1990}: 11-49. Banner, J. T. The Evolution of Culture in Animals. Princeton, NJ: Princeton Univcrsitv Press. 1980.
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  3.  11
    Toward a Theory of Creative Inklings.Liane M. Gabora - 2000 - In [Book Chapter].
    It is perhaps not so baffling that we have the ability to develop, refine, and manifest a creative idea, once it has been conceived. But what sort of a system could spawn the initial seed of creativity from which an idea grows? This paper looks at how the mind is structured in such a way that we can experience a glimmer of insight or inkling of artistic inspiration.
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  4.  25
    The Birth of an Idea.Liane M. Gabora - 1994 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 17 (3):543-543.
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  5.  21
    Cultural Transitions Occur When Mind Parasites Learn New Tricks.Liane M. Gabora - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (4):760-761.
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  6.  8
    Cultural Learning as the Transmission Mechanism in an Evolutionary Process.Liane M. Gabora - 1993 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 16 (3):519-519.
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  7.  4
    An Autocatalytic Network Model of Conceptual Change.Liane Gabora, Nicole M. Beckage & Mike Steel - 2022 - Wiley: Topics in Cognitive Science 14 (1):163-188.
    Topics in Cognitive Science, Volume 14, Issue 1, Page 163-188, January 2022.
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  8.  6
    A Cognitive Transition Underlying Both Technological and Social Aspects of Cumulative Culture.Liane Gabora & Cameron M. Smith - 2020 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 43.
    The argument that cumulative technological culture originates in technical-reasoning skills is not the only alternative to social accounts; another possibility is that accumulation of both technical-reasoning skills and enhanced social skills stemmed from the onset of a more basic cognitive ability such as recursive representational redescription. The paper confuses individual learning of pre-existing information with creative generation of new information.
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  9.  4
    A Comparative Study on College Vocal Teaching and Performance in China and Holland: A Case Study of the Teaching Model at Holland's ArtEZ Institute of the Arts.M. O. Cheng-Lian - 2011 - Journal of Aesthetic Education (Misc) 2:012.
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  10. Philosophy, East and West: Essays in Honour of Dr. T. M. P. Mahadevan.T. M. P. Mahadevan & Hywel David Lewis (eds.) - 1976 - Blackie & Son (India).
    Bhattacharyya, K. The Advaita concept of subjectivity.--Deutsch, E. Reflections on some aspects of the theory of rasa.--Nakamura, H. The dawn of modern thought in the East.--Organ, T. Causality, Indian and Greek.--Chatterjee, M. On types of classification.--Lacombe, O. Transcendental imagination.--Bahm, A. J. Standards for comparative philosophy.--Herring, H. Appearance, its significance and meaning in the history of philosophy.--Chang Chung-yuan. Pre-rational harmony in Heidegger's essential thinking and Chʼan thought.--Staal, J. F. Making sense of the Buddhist tetralemma.--Enomiya-Lassalle, H. M. The mysticism of Carl Albrecht (...)
     
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  11.  11
    Dr. J. M. Unvala Memorial Volume.H. H. P. - 1968 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 88 (2):387.
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  12. Concepts and Their Dynamics: A Quantum‐Theoretic Modeling of Human Thought.Diederik Aerts, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2013 - Topics in Cognitive Science 5 (4):737-772.
    We analyze different aspects of our quantum modeling approach of human concepts and, more specifically, focus on the quantum effects of contextuality, interference, entanglement, and emergence, illustrating how each of them makes its appearance in specific situations of the dynamics of human concepts and their combinations. We point out the relation of our approach, which is based on an ontology of a concept as an entity in a state changing under influence of a context, with the main traditional concept theories, (...)
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  13.  83
    Contextualizing Concepts Using a Mathematical Generalization of the Quantum Formalism.Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts - 2002 - Journal of Experimental and Theoretical Artificial Intelligence 14 (4):327-358.
    We outline the rationale and preliminary results of using the State Context Property (SCOP) formalism, originally developed as a generalization of quantum mechanics, to describe the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning. The quantum formalism was developed to cope with problems arising in the description of (1) the measurement process, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when particles become entangled. Similar problems arising with concepts motivated the formal treatment introduced (...)
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  14.  3
    Modeling a Cognitive Transition at the Origin of Cultural Evolution Using Autocatalytic Networks.Liane Gabora & Mike Steel - 2020 - Cognitive Science 44 (9).
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  15.  34
    Prikkelverschijnselen Bij Plant, Dier En Mensch.Dr W. M. Kruseman - 1936 - Synthese 1 (1):118-120.
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  16.  25
    In Memoriam: Dr. William M. Malisoff.Philip Frank & C. West Churchman - 1948 - Philosophy of Science 15 (1):1-3.
    Since the turn of the century there has been a strong trend to break through the wall which has separated philosophy from the “special sciences” and to investigate the problems which require a good judgment in both philosophy and science. The evolution of science itself and the increasing relevance of science in human life have given immense momentum to this trend. But this momentum could not be appreciated in its actual strength because scientists who wanted to raise their voices had (...)
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  17.  7
    H. J. S. Stone, Struktuur en motief van het onderwysstelsel . Dissertatie . Promotor: Dr. R. M. Ruperti. Uitgever Sacum Beperk, Elserivier, Kaap, 1974. 189 biz. [REVIEW]M. Valenkamp - 1975 - Philosophia Reformata 40 (1-2):174-177.
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  18.  20
    Vitalisme en Mechanisme.Dr W. M. Kruseman - 1936 - Synthese 1 (1):21-24.
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  19. Ideas Are Not Replicators but Minds Are.Liane Gabora - 2004 - Biology and Philosophy 19 (1):127-143.
    An idea is not a replicator because it does not consist of coded self-assembly instructions. It may retain structure as it passes from one individual to another, but does not replicate it. The cultural replicator is not an idea but an associatively-structured network of them that together form an internal model of the world, or worldview. A worldview is a primitive, uncoded replicator, like the autocatalytic sets of polymers widely believed to be the earliest form of life. Primitive replicators generate (...)
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  20.  10
    San Francisco de Asis, Patrono Universal de la Accion Catolica by Augustin Baez, O.F.M. And Dr. J. M. Nunez Ponte.John M. Lenhart - 1947 - Franciscan Studies 7 (1):107-108.
  21.  19
    De Strijd der Wijsbegeerte Tegen de Argeloosheid.Dr H. M. J. Oldewelt - 1936 - Synthese 1 (1):371-376.
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  22.  23
    In Memoriam Prof. Dr. D. M. Bakker.J. van der Hoeven - 1985 - Philosophia Reformata 50 (2):97.
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  23.  15
    Rev. Dr. Paul M. Murakami 1929-1992.Kay K. Murakami - 1994 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 67 (4):146 -.
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  24.  14
    Le Fond Psychologique De La Philosophie Bergsonienne.Dr H. M. J. Oldewelt - 1938 - Synthese 3 (1):99-101.
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  25.  24
    De „Gestalt”-Theorie van Köhler.Dr W. M. Kruseman - 1936 - Synthese 1 (1):355-360.
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  26.  7
    Prof. Dr A. M. Brouwer as Akademiese Dosent.A. Van Selms - 1949 - Hts Theological Studies 5 (3).
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  27.  18
    De Historie van Het Vitalisme.Dr W. M. Kruseman - 1937 - Synthese 2 (1):185-188.
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  28.  20
    The Cultural Evolution of Socially Situated Cognition.Liane Gabora - manuscript
    Because human cognition is creative and socially situated, knowledge accumulates, diffuses, and gets applied in new contexts, generating cultural analogs of phenomena observed in population genetics such as adaptation and drift. It is therefore commonly thought that elements of culture evolve through natural selection. However, natural selection was proposed to explain how change accumulates despite lack of inheritance of acquired traits, as occurs with template-mediated replication. It cannot accommodate a process with significant retention of acquired or horizontally (e.g. socially) transmitted (...)
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  29.  10
    In Defence of Philosophy in Schools.Dr P. M. Ward - 1983 - British Journal of Educational Studies 31 (3):252-264.
  30.  16
    Revenge of the 'Neurds': Characterizing Creative Thought in Terms of the Structure and Dynamics of Memory.Liane Gabora - unknown
    Empirical results suggest that defocusing attention results in primary process or associative thought, conducive to finding unusual connections, while focusing attention results in secondary process or analytic thought, conducive to rule-based operations. Creativity appears to involve both. It is widely believed that it is possible to escape mental fixation by spontaneously and temporarily engaging in a more divergent or associative mode of thought. The resulting insight may be refined in a more analytic mode of thought. The question addressed here is: (...)
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  31.  46
    Contextualizing Concepts.Liane Gabora & Diederik Aerts - unknown
    To cope with problems arising in the description of (1) contextual interactions, and (2) the generation of new states with new properties when quantum entities become entangled, the mathematics of quantum mechanics was developed. Similar problems arise with concepts. We use a generalization of standard quantum mechanics, the mathematical lattice theoretic formalism, to develop a formal description of the contextual manner in which concepts are evoked, used, and combined to generate meaning.
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  32.  92
    A Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations I: The Structure of the Sets of Contexts and Properties.Diederik Aerts & Liane Gabora - 2005 - Aerts, Diederik and Gabora, Liane (2005) a Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations I.
    We propose a theory for modeling concepts that uses the state-context-property theory (SCOP), a generalization of the quantum formalism, whose basic notions are states, contexts and properties. This theory enables us to incorporate context into the mathematical structure used to describe a concept, and thereby model how context influences the typicality of a single exemplar and the applicability of a single property of a concept. We introduce the notion `state of a concept' to account for this contextual influence, and show (...)
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  33.  29
    Five Clarifications About Cultural Evolution.Liane Gabora - 2011 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 11 (1-2):61-83.
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  34.  26
    Self-Other Organization: Why Early Life Did Not Evolve Through Natural Selection.Liane Gabora - manuscript
    The improbability of a spontaneously generated self-assembling molecule has suggested that life began with a set of simpler, collectively replicating elements, such as an enclosed autocatalytic set of polymers (or autocell). Since replication occurs without a self-assembly code, acquired characteristics are inherited. Moreover, there is no strict distinction between alive and dead; one can only infer that an autocell was alive if it replicates. These features of early life render natural selection inapplicable to the description of its change-of-state because they (...)
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  35. Amplifying Phenomenal Information: Toward a Fundamental Theory of Consciousness.Liane Gabora - 2002 - Journal of Consciousness Studies 9 (8):3-29.
    from non-conscious components by positing that consciousness is a universal primitive. For example, the double aspect theory of information holds that infor- mation has a phenomenal aspect. How then do you get from phenomenal infor- mation to human consciousness? This paper proposes that an entity is conscious to the extent it amplifies information, first by trapping and integrating it through closure, and second by maintaining dynamics at the edge of chaos through simul- taneous processes of divergence and convergence. The origin (...)
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  36.  24
    Quantum Structure and Human Thought.Diederik Aerts, Jan Broekaert, Liane Gabora & Sandro Sozzo - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (3):274-276.
    We support the authors' claims, except that we point out that also quantum structure different from quantum probability abundantly plays a role in human cognition. We put forward several elements to illustrate our point, mentioning entanglement, contextuality, interference, and emergence as effects, and states, observables, complex numbers, and Fock space as specific mathematical structures.
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  37.  50
    Weaving, Bending, Patching, Mending the Fabric of Reality: A Cognitive Science Perspective on Worldview Inconsistency. [REVIEW]Liane Gabora - 1998 - Foundations of Science 3 (2):395-428.
    In order to become aware of inconsistencies, one must first construe of the world in a way that reflects its consistencies. This paper begins with a tentative model for how a set of discrete memories transforms into an interconnected worldview wherein relationships between memories are forged by way of abstractions. Inconsistencies prompt the invention of new abstractions. In regions of the conceptual network where inconsistencies abound, a cognitive analog of simulated annealing is in order; there is a willingness to question (...)
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  38.  48
    A Theory of Concepts and Their Combinations II: A Hilbert Space Representation.Diederik Aerts & Liane Gabora - 2005 - Philosophical Explorations.
    The sets of contexts and properties of a concept are embedded in the complex Hilbert space of quantum mechanics. States are unit vectors or density operators, and contexts and properties are orthogonal projections. The way calculations are done in Hilbert space makes it possible to model how context influences the state of a concept. Moreover, a solution to the combination of concepts is proposed. Using the tensor product, a procedure for describing combined concepts is elaborated, providing a natural solution to (...)
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  39.  74
    The Shifting Sands of Creative Thinking: Connections to Dual-Process Theory.Paul T. Sowden, Andrew Pringle & Liane Gabora - 2015 - Thinking and Reasoning 21 (1):40-60.
    Dual-process models of cognition suggest that there are two types of thought: autonomous Type 1 processes and working memory dependent Type 2 processes that support hypothetical thinking. Models of creative thinking also distinguish between two sets of thinking processes: those involved in the generation of ideas and those involved with their refinement, evaluation, and/or selection. Here we review dual-process models in both these literatures and delineate the similarities and differences. Both generative creative processing and evaluative creative processing involve elements that (...)
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  40. A Day in the Life of a Meme.Liane Gabora - 1996 - Philosophica 57 (1):53-90.
    Like the information patterns that evolve through. biological processes, mental representations or memes evolve through adaptive exploration and transformation of an information space through variation, selection, and transmission. However since memes do not contain instructions for their replication our brains do it for them, strategically, guided by a fitness landscape that reflects both internal drives and a worldview that forms through meme assimilation. This paper presents a tentative model for how an individual becomes a meme evolving agent via the emergence (...)
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  41.  17
    Concept Combination and the Origins of Complex Cognition.Liane Gabora & Kirsty Kitto - 2013 - In Liz Swan (ed.), Origins of Mind. pp. 361--381.
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  42.  10
    Evolution as Context-Driven Actualization of Potential: Toward an Interdisciplinary Theory of Change of State.Liane Gabora - manuscript
    It is increasingly evident that there is more to biological evolution than natural selection; moreover, the concept of evolution is not limited to biology. We propose an integrative framework for characterizing how entities evolve, in which evolution is viewed as a process of context-driven actualization of potential (CAP). Processes of change differ according to the degree of nondeterminism, and the degree to which they are sensitive to, internalize, and depend upon a particular context. The approach enables us to embed phenomena (...)
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  43.  25
    Dyscalculia From a Developmental and Differential Perspective.Liane Kaufmann, Michèle M. Mazzocco, Ann Dowker, Michael von Aster, Silke M. Göbel, Roland H. Grabner, Avishai Henik, Nancy C. Jordan, Annette D. Karmiloff-Smith, Karin Kucian, Orly Rubinsten, Denes Szucs, Ruth Shalev & Hans-Christoph Nuerk - 2013 - Frontiers in Psychology 4.
  44.  10
    Conceptual Closure: How Memories Are Woven Into an Interconnected Worldview.Liane Gabora - unknown
    This paper describes a tentative model for how discrete memories transform into an interconnected conceptual network, or worldview, wherein relationships between memories are forged by way of abstractions. The model draws on Kauffman’s theory of how an information-evolving system could emerge through the formation and closure of an autocatalytic network. Here, the information units are not catalytic molecules, but memories and abstractions, and the process that connects them is not catalysis but reminding events (i.e. one memory evokes another). The result (...)
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  45.  42
    The Objectivity of Moral Norms is a Top-Down Cultural Construct.Burton Voorhees, Dwight Read & Liane Gabora - 2018 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 41.
    Encultured individuals see the behavioral rules of cultural systems of moral norms as objective. In addition to prescriptive regulation of behavior, moral norms provide templates, scripts, and scenarios regulating the expression of feelings and triggered emotions arising from perceptions of norm violation. These allow regulated defensive responses that may arise as moral idea systems co-opt emotionally associated biological survival instincts.
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  46. Intrinsic Contextuality as the Crux of Consciousness.D. Aerts, J. Broekaert & Liane Gabora - 2000 - In Kunio Yasue, Marj Jibu & Tarcisio Della Senta (eds.), No Matter, Never Mind: Proceedings of Toward a Science of Consciousness: Fundamental Approaches (Tokyo '99). John Benjamins.
    A stream of conscious experience is extremely contextual; it is impacted by sensory stimuli, drives and emotions, and the web of associations that link, directly or indirectly, the subject of experience to other elements of the individual's worldview. The contextuality of one's conscious experience both enhances and constrains the contextuality of one's behavior. Since we cannot know first-hand the conscious experience of another, it is by way of behavioral contextuality that we make judgements about whether or not, and to what (...)
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  47.  35
    Dr. C. Kunhan Raja Presentation Volume: A Volume of Indological StudiesAcharya Dhruva Smaraka Grantha , Parts II and IIIShri K. M. Munshi Diamond Jubilee Volume-Part IHomage to VaisaliSir William Jones. Bicentenary of His Birth, Commemoration Volume, 1746-1946. [REVIEW]M. B. Emeneau, J. C. Mathur & Yogendra Mishra - 1951 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 71 (1):88.
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  48.  6
    The Ubiquity of Cross-Domain Thinking in the Early Phase of the Creative Process.Victoria S. Scotney, Sarah Weissmeyer, Nicole Carbert & Liane Gabora - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  49.  56
    Microtubules, Anesthetics, and Quantum Consciousness:An Interview with Stuart Hameroff. [REVIEW]Liane Gabora - 1999 - Foundations of Science 4 (2):205-223.
  50. Dr. M. Sztern.Christian Herrmann - 1928 - Kant-Studien 33:335.
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