Results for 'Du Bois-Reymond, Emil Heinrich'

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  1. Ignorabimus! Emil du Bois-Reymond E Il Dibattito Sui Limiti Della Conoscenza Scientifica Nell'ottocento.Ferdinando Vidoni & Ludovico Geymonat - 1988 - Marcos y Marcos.
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  2.  26
    Emil du Bois-Reymond: Neuroscience, Self, and Society in Nineteenth-Century Germany.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2013 - The MIT Press.
    This biography of Emil du Bois-Reymond, the most important forgotten intellectual of the nineteenth century, received an Honorable Mention for History of Science, Medicine, and Technology at the 2013 PROSE Awards, was shortlisted for the 2014 John Pickstone Prize (Britain's most prestigious award for the best scholarly book in the history of science), and was named by the American Association for the Advancement of Science as one of the Best Books of 2014. -/- In his own time (1818–1896) (...)
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  3. Ignorabimus! Emil du Bois-Raymond Und Die Debatte Über Die Grenzen Wissenschaftlicher Erkenntnis Im 19. Jahrhundert.Ferdinando Vidoni & Ludovico Geymonat - 1991 - P. Lang.
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  4.  22
    Emil du Bois-Reymond and the Tradition of German Physiological Science: Gabriel Finkelstein: Emil du Bois-Reymond: Neuroscience, Self, and Society in Nineteenth-Century Germany. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press, 2013, 384pp, $38.00, £26.95 HB.Stephen T. Casper - 2015 - Metascience 24 (1):85-86.
    In 1872, Emil du Bois-Reymond delivered an astonishing lecture entitled “The Limits of Science” at a Congress of German Scientists and Physicians in Leipzig. No stranger to polemic and bellicose oratory, and possessing among his generation of physiologists unmatched rhetorical abilities, du Bois-Reymond had already attracted much public recognition and acclaim for his denigration of French culture at a time when belligerence and competition between Prussia and France had peaked. Yet, the topic of his 1872 lecture had (...)
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  5.  36
    M. Du Bois-Reymond Goes To Paris.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (3):261-300.
    This article examines the science of electrophysiology developed by Emil du Bois-Reymond in Berlin in the 1840s. In it I recount his major findings, the most significant being his proof of the electrical nature of nerve signals. Du Bois-Reymond also went on to detect this same ‘negative variation’, or action current, in live human subjects. In 1850 he travelled to Paris to defend this startling claim. The essay concludes with a discussion of why his demonstration failed to (...)
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  6.  8
    Emil du Bois-Reymond's Reflections on Consciousness.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2014 - In Chris Smith Harry Whitaker (ed.), Brain, Mind and Consciousness in the History of Neuroscience. Springer. pp. 163-184.
    The late 19th-century Ignorabimus controversy over the limits of scientific knowledge has often been characterized as proclaiming the end of intellectual progress, and by implication, as plunging Germany into a crisis of pessimism from which Liberalism never recovered. My research supports the opposite interpretation. The initiator of the Ignorabimus controversy, Emil du Bois-Reymond, was a physiologist who worked his whole life against the forces of obscurantism, whether they came from the Catholic and Conservative Right or the scientistic and (...)
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  7. Emil du Bois-Reymond Vs Ludimar Hermann.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2006 - Comptes Rendus Biologies 329 (5-6):340-347.
    This essay recounts a controversy between a pioneer electrophysiologist, Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818–1896), and his student, Ludimar Hermann (1838–1914). Du Bois-Reymond proposed a molecular explanation for the slight electrical currents that he detected in frog muscles and nerves. Hermann argued that du Bois-Reymond's ‘resting currents’ were an artifact of injury to living tissue. He contested du Bois-Reymond's molecular model, explaining his teacher's observations as electricity produced by chemical decomposition. History has painted Hermann as the wronged (...)
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  8. Emil du Bois-Reymond on "The Seat of the Soul".Gabriel Finkelstein - 2014 - Journal of the History of the Neurosciences 23 (1):45-55.
    The German pioneer of electrophysiology, Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818–1896), is generally assumed to have remained silent on the subject of the brain. However, the archive of his papers in Berlin contains manuscript notes to a lecture on “The Seat of the Soul” that he delivered to popular audiences in 1884 and 1885. These notes demonstrate that cerebral localization and brain function in general had been concerns of his for quite some time, and that he did not shy away (...)
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  9. Emil du Bois-Reymond: The Making of a Liberal German Scientist (1818-1851).Gabriel Finkelstein - 1996 - Dissertation,
     
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  10. Helmholtz, Du Bois-Reymond, and the Transcendent Difficulty of Explaining the Relation Between Sensations and the Physical World.Andrea Togni - 2017 - Studia Philosophica Estonica 10 (1):83-98.
    According to Hermann von Helmholtz, sensations are signs that external causes impress on our sense organs; those signs are then used by the mind to acquire knowledge of the reality. Helmholtz's work points out the difficulty of defining a notion of causality suitable for explaining the relation between sensations on the one hand and the physical world on the other. In fact, he states that: 1) Physical stimuli, understood as the causal origins of sensations, are unknowable in themselves; 2) There (...)
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  11.  12
    Emil du Bois-Reymond: Neuroscience, Self and Society in Nineteenth Century Germany - by Gabriel Finkelstein.Christian Reiß - 2015 - Centaurus 57 (1):35-36.
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  12.  27
    The Making of Modern Scientific Personae: The Scientist as a Moral Person? Emil Du Bois-Reymond and His Friends.Irmline Veit-Brause - 2002 - History of the Human Sciences 15 (4):19-49.
    This article examines the notion of the `scientist as a moral person' in the light of the early stages of the commodification of science and the transformation of research into a big enterprise, operating on the principle of the division of labour. These processes were set in train at the end of the 19th century. The article focuses on the concomitant changes in the public persona and the habitus of scientific entrepreneurs. I begin by showing the significance of the professional (...)
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  13. The Ascent of Man? Emil du Bois-Reymond's Reflections on Scientific Progress.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2000 - Endeavour 24 (3):129-132.
    Triumphalist histories of science are nothing new but were, in fact, a staple of the 19th century. This article considers one of the more famous works in the genre and argues that it was motivated by doubt more than by faith.
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  14. Mechanical Neuroscience: Emil du Bois-Reymond’s Innovations in Theory and Practice.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2015 - Frontiers 9 (130):1-4.
    Summary of the major innovations of Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896).
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  15.  19
    Scientists and the Cultural Politics of Academic Disciplines in Late 19th-Century Germany: Emil Du Bois-Reymond and the Controversy Over the Role of the Cultural Sciences.Irmline Veit-Brause - 2001 - History of the Human Sciences 14 (4):31-56.
    This article is concerned with interactions between the natural and the human sciences. It examines a specific late 19th-century episode in their relationship and argues that the schism between the two branches of knowledge was due to cognitive factors, but consolidated through the social dynamics of institutionalized disciplines. It contends that the assignment of a social function to the human sciences to compensate for the self-destructive tendencies inherent in the technological society was expressed even by those, at the end of (...)
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  16.  17
    Gabriel Finkelstein. Emil du Bois-Reymond: Neuroscience, Self, and Society in Nineteenth-Century Germany. 362 Pp., Illus., Bibl., Index. Cambridge, Mass./London: MIT Press, 2013. $38. [REVIEW]Anna Echterhölter - 2015 - Isis 106 (2):467-468.
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  17. Haeckel and du Bois-Reymond: Rival German Darwinists.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2019 - Theory in Biosciences:1-8.
    Ernst Haeckel and Emil du Bois-Reymond were the most prominent champions of Darwin in Germany. This essay compares their contributions to popularizing the theory of evolution, drawing special attention to the neglected figure of du Bois-Reymond as a spokesman for a world devoid of natural purpose. It suggests that the historiography of the German reception of Darwin’s theory needs to be reassessed in the light of du Bois-Reymond’s Lucretian outlook.
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  18.  7
    Physiology and Philhellenism in the Late Nineteenth Century: The Self-Fashioning of Emil du Bois-Reymond.Lea Beiermann & Elisabeth Wesseling - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (1):19-35.
    ArgumentNineteenth-century Prussia was deeply entrenched in philhellenism, which affected the ideological framework of its public institutions. At Berlin’s Friedrich Wilhelm University, philhellenism provided the rationale for a persistent elevation of the humanities over the burgeoning experimental life sciences. Despite this outspoken hierarchy, professor of physiology Emil du Bois-Reymond eventually managed to increase the prestige of his discipline considerably. We argue that du Bois-Reymond’s use of philhellenic repertoires in his expositions on physiology for the educated German public contributed (...)
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  19. Book notices-briefwechsel zwischen Alexander Von hunboldt und Emil du Bois-reymond.Ingo Schwarz & Klaus Wenig - 1998 - History and Philosophy of the Life Sciences 20 (1):124-124.
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  20.  99
    Autorité rhétorique: Claude Bernard et Émile du Bois-Reymond.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2012 - In Jean-Gäel Barbara & Pierre Corvol (eds.), Les élèves de Claude Bernard: Les nouvelles disciplines bernardiennes au tournant du XXe siècle. Paris, France: pp. 173-192.
    Professeur Finkelstein avait posée la question, pourquoi, bien que leurs réalisations scientifiques et leur scientifique approche soient similaires, Bernard était beaucoup plus connu dans son pays, France, et à son époque, que Bois-Reymond en Allemagne? Une question similaire a été posée au sujet du pourquoi Darwin est connu pour la théorie de l'évolution, tandis que Wallace a été remis en arrière-fond dans leur temps et dans l'histoire. Selon Finkelstein, la cause de la differences entre Bois-Reymond et Bernard, peut (...)
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  21.  11
    Laura Otis. Müller's Lab: The Story of Jakob Henle, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois‐Reymond, Hermann von Helmholtz, Rudolf Virchow, Robert Remak, Ernst Haeckel, and Their Brilliant, Tormented Advisor. Xix + 316 Pp., Figs., Bibl., Index. New York: Oxford University Press, 2007. $55. [REVIEW]Jutta Schickore - 2008 - Isis 99 (1):205-206.
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  22.  17
    Müller's Lab: The Story of Jakob Henle, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois‐Reymond, Hermann von Helmholtz, Rudolf Virchow, Robert Remak, Ernst Haeckel, and Their Brilliant, Tormented Advisor. [REVIEW]Jutta Schickore - 2008 - Isis 99:205-206.
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  23.  98
    Matteucci and du Bois-Reymond: A Bitter Rivalry.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2011 - Archives Italiennes de Biologie 149 (4):29-37.
    This essay considers a long-standing controversy between two nineteenth century pioneers in electrophysiology: the German scientist Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896), and his Italian rival Carlo Matteucci (1811-1868). Historians have generally described their disagreement in du Bois-Reymond’s terms: the product of a contrast in scientific outlook. While not discounting this interpretation, I want to suggest that the controversy was driven as much by the rivals’ similarity as it was by their difference.
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  24.  7
    Müller’s Lab. The Story of Jakob Henle, Theodor Schwann, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Hermann von Helmholtz, Rudolf Virchow, Robert Remak, Ernst Haeckel, and Their Brilliant, Tormented Advisor - by Laura Otis.Daniel Becker - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (3):236-237.
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  25. Marriage and Science in Nineteenth Century Berlin: Emil du Bois-Reymond’s Correspondence with Jeannette Claude.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2004 - In B. P. Wanrooij (ed.), La Mediazione matrimoniale: Il Terzo (in)comodo in Europa fra Otto e Novecento. Rome, Metropolitan City of Rome, Italy: pp. 195-219.
     
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  26. The Mountains and the Sea: Travel as Discovery in the Lives of Emil du Bois-Reymond and Ernst Haeckel.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2015 - Chronica Mundi 9 (1):182-192.
     
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  27.  19
    Dokumente einer Freundschaft: Briefwechsel zwischen Hermann von Helmholtz und Emil du Bois-Reymond, 1846-1894. Hermann von Helmholtz, Emil du Bois-Reymond, Christa Kirsten. [REVIEW]Timothy Lenoir - 1987 - Isis 78 (2):306-307.
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  28.  10
    Two Great Scientists of the Nineteenth Century: Correspondence of Emil Du Bois-Reymond and Carl LudwigPaul F. Cranefield Sabie Lichter Ayed.Timothy Lenoir - 1983 - Isis 74 (3):450-451.
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  29.  4
    Sven Dierig. Wissenschaft in der Machinenstadt: Emil Du Bois‐Reymond und seine Laboratorien in Berlin. 303 pp., figs., bibls. Göttingen: Wallstein Verlag, 2006. €39. [REVIEW]Robert Michael Brain - 2008 - Isis 99 (2):420-422.
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  30. When Realism Made a Difference: The Constitution of Matter and its Conceptual Enigmas in Late 19th Century Physics.Torsten Wilholt - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):1-16.
    The late 19th century debate among German-speaking physicists about theoretical entities is often regarded as foreshadowing the scientific realism debate. This paper brings out differences between them by concentrating on the part of the earlier debate that was concerned with the conceptual consistency of the competing conceptions of matter—mainly, but not exclusively, of atomism. Philosophical antinomies of atomism were taken up by Emil Du Bois-Reymond in an influential lecture in 1872. Such challenges to the consistency of atomism had (...)
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  31.  20
    When Realism Made a Difference: The Constitution of Matter and its Conceptual Enigmas in Late 19th Century Physics.Torsten Wilholt - 2008 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 39 (1):1-16.
    The late 19th century debate among German-speaking physicists about theoretical entities is often regarded as foreshadowing the scientific realism debate. This paper brings out differences between them by concentrating on the part of the earlier debate that was concerned with the conceptual consistency of the competing conceptions of matter---{}mainly, but not exclusively, of atomism. Philosophical antinomies of atomism were taken up by Emil Du Bois-Reymond in an influential lecture in 1872. Such challenges to the consistency of atomism had (...)
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  32. Du Bois-Reymond, E., Vorträge über Philosophie und Gesellschaft. [REVIEW]R. Malter - 1981 - Tijdschrift Voor Filosofie 43:171.
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  33.  18
    Problems and Riddles: Hilbert and the Du Bois-Reymonds.D. C. McCarty - 2005 - Synthese 147 (1):63 - 79.
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  34. Über Die Grundlagen der Erkenntnis in den Exakten Wissenschaften. Nach Einer Hinterlassenen Handschrift. Sonderausg. [Unveränderter Reprografischer Nachdruck der Ausg. Tübingen 1890). [REVIEW]Paul du Bois-Reymond - 1966 - Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
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  35. Über Die Grundlagen der Erkenntnis in den Exacten Wissenschaften Nach Einer Hinterlassenen Handschrift.Paul du Bois-Reymond & Guido Hauck - 1890 - H. Laupp.
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  36. Die Allgemeine Functionentheorie.Paul du Bois-Reymond - 1991 - Laupp.
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  37. Die Allgemeine Functionentheorie. 1. T.: Metaphysik Und Theorie der Mathematischen Grundbegriffe: Grösse, Grenze, Argument Und Function. Mit Einem Nachwort Zum Neudruck Und Einer Auswahl-Bibliographie von Detlev Laugwitz. [REVIEW]Paul du Bois-Reymond & Detlef Laugwitz - 1968 - Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft.
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  38. Eber Die Grundlagen der Erkenntnis in den Exacten Wissenschaften. [REVIEW]Paul du Bois-Reymond - 1890 - Ancient Philosophy (Misc) 1:608.
     
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  39. Ueber Die Grundlagen der Erkenntnis in den Exacten Wissenschaften.Paul du Bois-Reymond - 1890 - The Monist 1:608.
     
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  40.  20
    Pictures, Preparations, and Living Processes: The Production of Immediate Visual Perception (Anschauung) in Late-19th-Century Physiology. [REVIEW]Henning Schmidgen - 2004 - Journal of the History of Biology 37 (3):477 - 513.
    This paper addresses the visual culture of late-19th-century experimental physiology. Taking the case of Johann Nepomuk Czermak (1828-1873) as a key example, it argues that images played a crucial role in acquiring experimental physiological skills. Czermak, Emil Du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) and other late-19th-century physiologists sought to present the achievements and perspective of their discipline by way of "immediate visual perception (unmittelbare Anschauung)." However, the images they produced and presented for this purpose were strongly mediated. By means of specifically (...)
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  41.  4
    Reconsidering the Ignorabimus: Du Bois-Reymond and the Hard Problem of Consciousness.Paolo Pecere - 2020 - Science in Context 33 (1):1-18.
    ArgumentIn this paper I present an interpretation of du Bois-Reymond’s thesis on the impossibility of a scientific explanation of consciousness and of its present importance. I reconsider du Bois-Reymond’s speech “On the limits of natural science” in the context of nineteenth-century German philosophy and neurophysiology, pointing out connections and analogies with contemporary arguments on the “hard problem of consciousness.” Du Bois-Reymond’s position turns out to be grounded on an epistemological argument and characterized by a metaphysical skepticism, motivated (...)
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  42. Hilbert and Paul Du Bois Reymond.David Charles McCarty - 2004 - In ¸ Itelink2004. Walter de Gruyter. pp. 517-532.
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  43.  46
    Problems and Riddles: Hilbert and the du Bois-Reymonds.D. C. Mc Carty - 2005 - Synthese 147 (1):63-79.
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  44.  11
    Science and Internationalism in Germany: Helmholtz, Du Bois-Reymond and Their Critics.Daan Wegener - 2009 - Centaurus 51 (4):265-287.
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  45.  92
    Individuality and the Intellectuals: An Imaginary Conversation Between W. E. B. Du Bois and Emile Durkheim. [REVIEW]Karen E. Fields - 2002 - Theory and Society 31 (4):435-462.
  46.  65
    Who Gave You the Cauchy–Weierstrass Tale? The Dual History of Rigorous Calculus.Alexandre Borovik & Mikhail G. Katz - 2012 - Foundations of Science 17 (3):245-276.
    Cauchy’s contribution to the foundations of analysis is often viewed through the lens of developments that occurred some decades later, namely the formalisation of analysis on the basis of the epsilon-delta doctrine in the context of an Archimedean continuum. What does one see if one refrains from viewing Cauchy as if he had read Weierstrass already? One sees, with Felix Klein, a parallel thread for the development of analysis, in the context of an infinitesimal-enriched continuum. One sees, with Emile Borel, (...)
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  47.  10
    Les sept énigmes du monde.C. S. & du Bois-ReymondDubois-Reymond - 1882 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 13:180 - 184.
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  48. DeValois 192 Donald 143 Doty 77 Driver 114,115.Du Bois-Reymond - 2003 - In Naoyuki Osaka (ed.), Neural Basis of Consciousness. John Benjamins. pp. 49--213.
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  49.  13
    L'infini nouveau: Le théorème de P. du Bois-reymond.Evellin Evellin - 1902 - Revue Philosophique de la France Et de l'Etranger 53:142-157.
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  50.  78
    Response to Richards.Gabriel Finkelstein - 2016 - In Kristin Gjesdal (ed.), Debates in Nineteenth-Century European Philosophy: Essential Readings and Contemporary Responses. New York, NY, USA: pp. 226-230.
    Emil du Bois-Reymond (1818-1896) complicates the historiography of the reception of Darwinism. His presentation of the theory was anti-teleological, a fact that refutes the claim that German Darwinists were Romantic.
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