33 found
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  1.  34
    Corporate Social Responsibility.Duane Windsor - 2006 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 17:180-185.
    A recent literature applies economic reasoning to restrict corporate social responsibility (CSR) to profitable opportunities. The underlying theory of the firmassumes widespread public company ownership and a net positive contribution to social welfare in relatively unfettered markets. This modern economic approach posits strict fiduciary responsibility of agents. Management, in this fiduciary role, should have no CSR discretion beyond the requirements of minimalist laws and customary ethics. Any profitable CSR option can be undertaken. Any unprofitable CSR action is defined as discretionary (...)
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  2.  14
    Special Issue: "Business Ethics in a Global Economy".Duane Windsor - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):729-754.
    :International business norms do not exist. Content and development of such norms is a significant research question for business ethics scholarship. Any norms must address difficult practical and moral problems facing multinational enterprises. The author’s thesis is as follows. A key circumstance is that international relations remain a Hobbesian state of nature. The theoretical solution of a global sovereignty for norm formulation and enforcement is unlikely. The business ethics literature proposes other insightful but theoretical and conflicting solutions to abstract wealth-responsibility (...)
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  3.  24
    The Development of International Business Norms.Duane Windsor - 2004 - Business Ethics Quarterly 14 (4):729-754.
    Abstract:International business norms do not exist. Content and development of such norms is a significant research question for business ethics scholarship. Any norms must address difficult practical and moral problems facing multinational enterprises. The author’s thesis is as follows. A key circumstance is that international relations remain a Hobbesian state of nature. The theoretical solution of a global sovereignty for norm formulation and enforcement is unlikely. The business ethics literature proposes other insightful but theoretical and conflicting solutions to abstract wealth-responsibility (...)
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  4.  18
    Dynamics for Integrative Social Contracts Theory: Norm Evolution and Individual Mobility.Duane Windsor - 2018 - Journal of Business Ethics 149 (1):83-95.
    This article proposes a specific logic of dynamics for integrative social contracts theory that combines two empirically oriented process extensions strengthening concreteness of Donaldson and Dunfee’s conceptualization, namely international policy regime theory and Tiebout migration. While either would help “dynamize” and “concretize” ISCT, the two combined are even more insightful. Real-world policy regime processes can develop concrete action-guiding norms instantiating hypernorms to guide business decisions. Donaldson and Dunfee placed empirical reliance on expectation of converging parallel evolution of universal principles and (...)
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  5.  39
    The Role of Dynamics in Stakeholder Thinking.Duane Windsor - 2010 - Journal of Business Ethics 96 (S1):79-87.
    Dynamics concerns the process of change in variable conditions through time at any level of analysis. Various important issues or topics in stakeholder theory and practice involve consideration of change over time and thus unavoidably involve dynamics. While dynamics has received explicit recognition in stakeholder literature, dynamic analysis remains partly tacit and suffused through the literature. One reason is that dynamics remains difficult to model even in economics. This article provides a basic orientation to stakeholder dynamics as a key conceptual (...)
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  6.  7
    Toward a global theory of cross-border and multilevel corporate political activity.Duane Windsor - 2007 - Business and Society 46 (2):253-278.
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  7.  7
    Regional Market Integration and the Development of Global Norms for Enterprise Conduct The Case of International Bribery.Duane Windsor & Kathleen A. Getz - 1999 - Business and Society 38 (4):415-449.
  8.  11
    Philosophy for Managers and Philosophy of Managers: Turf, Reputation, Coalition.Duane Windsor - 2015 - Philosophy of Management 14 (1):17-28.
    This article distinguishes between philosophy for managers and philosophy of managers. Philosophy for managers is prescriptive advice concerning the content of wisdom in practical judgment and action. Managers in action rely on a self-constructed operational code – a concept borrowed here from earlier literature – that unavoidably emphasizes turf, reputation, and coalition in career advancement. The organization is a political arena for decisions, resources, and career opportunities. While elements of operational philosophy are addressed in formal management education, treatment is haphazard (...)
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  9.  17
    Toward a General Theory of Responsibility and Irresponsibility.Duane Windsor - 2012 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 23:48-59.
    This paper seeks to make a contribution toward a general theory of responsibility and irresponsibility. Such a theory, or framework or model, addresses therelationship between responsibility and irresponsibility. The motive for the effort is that the literature on business ethics, corporate citizenship, and corporate social responsibility combines negative prohibitions with positive requirements and at both individual and organizational levels of action. A prohibition takes the form “do not” expressed in laws and ethics. A requirement takes the form “should” or “ought” (...)
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  10.  44
    Authenticity, Greenwashing, and Institutionalization of CSR Best Practices.Duane Windsor - 2013 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 24:70-80.
    This paper explores relationships among authenticity, greenwashing, and institutionalization of best practices for corporate social responsibility . The issue of authenticity versus greenwashing in CSR and stakeholder engagement practices has become an increasingly important topic of activist debate and scholarly inquiry. This paper identifies some relevant literature, defines authenticity and greenwashing, and seeks to connect the definitional distinction to institutionalization of CSR best practices. Connection involves definition and identification of “best” practices for CSR.
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  11. Global Justice and Global Climate Change.Duane Windsor - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:23-34.
    Global climate change has very significant implications for the theory and practice of global justice. Climate change, whether generated by natural processes or human activities, generates uneven distribution of negative and net impacts across individuals, groups, and countries. Sources of climate change due to human activities, and also capacity to respond to climate change, are similarly unevenly distributed. Distributions of sources, impacts, and capacity are likely quite different from one another. In this context, justice concerns who should bear the final (...)
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  12.  12
    Accountable Capitalism, Responsible Capitalism, and Political Capitalism.Duane Windsor - 2019 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 30:12-25.
    This paper compares three recent prescriptive proposals for practicing capitalism: Accountable Capitalism (Senator Elizabeth Warren), Responsible Capitalism (Professor R. Edward Freeman), and Political Corporate Social Responsibility (Professors Andreas Scherer and Guido Palazzo and colleagues). Warren’s Accountable Capitalism is a corporate governance reform proposal. Freeman’s Responsible Capitalism prescribes effective stakeholder management through entrepreneurial value creation. Political CSR (expanded here to Political Capitalism) is a prescription for democratization inside and outside of businesses and provision of public goods in instances of governmental incompetence. (...)
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  13.  46
    Assessing Milton Friedman’s View of CSR: Theory Versus Pragmatism in Advising Practitioners.Duane Windsor - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:277-282.
    This paper assesses Milton Friedman’s (1962, 1970) strongly negative view of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and his influence among managers and academics. The subtitle reflects the theme of the IABS 2007 conference: advising practitioners, illustrated by Machiavelli’s The Prince (1513). The paper develops two general arguments. The first argument is that Professor Friedman was a highly academic theoretician arguing the general merits of basically simple theoretical ideas. The second argument concerns advising practitioners. While Friedman’s advice is theoretical (i.e., abstract) rather (...)
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  14.  18
    An Organizing Framework for Corporate Social Responsibility Theories.Duane Windsor - 2011 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 22:151-162.
    This paper proposes an organizing framework that shows likely relationships among five identifiable approaches to corporate social responsibility (CSR). CSR is an umbrella term embracing mandatory, expected, and voluntary activities. CSR is a contested concept, along a continuum from strong CSR through strategic CSR to zero CSR positions. The intention for the framework is to help scholars with understanding how various CSR approaches relate to one another. The organizing framework is explicated in Figure 2.
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  15.  18
    A Required Foundation Course for Moral, Legal, and Political Education.Duane Windsor - 2004 - Journal of Business Ethics Education 1 (2):137-164.
    Corporate scandals reveal the need for deep transformation of management education so as to profess and promote moral leadership. AACSB and business schools bear partial fault for the recent situation. New 2003 AACSB accreditation standards do highlight business ethics. But the 2003 standards undermine moral, legal and political education by defining “ethics” narrowly and tending to signal pure “infusion” in place of any independent foundation coursework. This paper states a case for an independent foundation course, required universally at undergraduate and (...)
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  16.  32
    Corporations and Global Human Rights.Duane Windsor - 2010 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 21:1-11.
    This paper considers the relationship between corporations and global human rights. This relationship lies at the heart of the 2010 conference theme “Business and the Sustainable Commons.” A human or natural right is one that is inherent, and thus universal, in being human. It is typical to distinguish between civil and political rights as a category (thus supposing constitutional democracy in some form); and economic, social, and cultural rights (thus implying minimum conditions such as food, work, education, culture, and so (...)
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  17.  20
    Choice Institutions, Moral Theories, and Social Responsibilities.Duane Windsor - 2010 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 21:12-22.
    This paper reports a preliminary sketch of a framework for integrating perspectives on economics, ethics, strategy, and stakeholders (Jones, 1995). It may notbe desirable in management practice to separate such considerations (Harris & Freeman, 2008). There are three general types of collective choice institutions: governments, markets, and voluntary associations. There are four general types of moral theory: moral rules (Kantianism), consequentialism (utilitarianism), virtuousness (bundling virtue theory, religion, and moral intuitionism), and social contract. There are three general positions concerning social responsibilities (...)
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  18.  16
    Constrained Multiple Goal Optimization as a Theory of the Firm.Duane Windsor - 2007 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 18:283-288.
    This paper explores an approach for formulating a prescriptive theory of the firm that integrates economic and ethical criteria to guide strategic and operationalconduct of managers. A prescriptive theory posits goal optimization. A “constrained multiple goal optimization” approach models the firm as a broad set of multiple goals and multiple constraints, the latter both internal and external. An exploration begins with no assumptions concerning whether economics and ethics are compatible or antithetical. If the two approaches are mutually reinforcing, a win-win (...)
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  19.  29
    Developing a Global Regime for Human Rights.Duane Windsor - 2009 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 4:83-105.
    This paper examines prospects for and content of a global regime for human rights. Competing schools of thought forecast convergence and divergence of national standards under stress of globalization. No such regime exists, and there is no compelling theory of international corporate social responsibility. However, elements of an emerging global regime can be identified and partially overlap with environmental protection issues. This regime is highly fragmented, underdeveloped, and only partially enforceable—but it is in development. The UN Global Compact, the Global (...)
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  20.  4
    Editorial Announcement.Duane Windsor - 2014 - Business and Society 53 (6):751-753.
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  21.  21
    Economic Rationality and a Moral Science of Business Ethics.Duane Windsor - 2016 - Philosophy of Management 15 (2):135-149.
    This article examines the relationship between economic rationality and the possibility of a moral science of business ethics. The purpose of this inquiry is to consider whether a universal and non-controversial moral science of business ethics can be defined satisfactorily, and linked to economic rationality of managers and other stakeholders of firms operating in market economies. Economic rationality connotes economic efficiency, meaning a strictly instrumental maximization of actor utility from limited resources. This rationality is a universal and value free (or (...)
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  22.  15
    Formulating a Moral Core for International Codes of Conduct.Duane Windsor - 2005 - International Corporate Responsibility Series 2:47-63.
    A moral core places ethical considerations superior to business interest. This core must include voluntary prescriptions in various forms to “buy higher, sell lower.” International business ethics must somehow address the tradeoff between corporate financial and stakeholder interests. Corporation codes of conduct generally do not define a moral core. Corporate citizenship is typically strategic investment in markets and reputation. There are two practical paths for formulating a moral core. One path is civil lawsuits against multinationals that, successful or not, increase (...)
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  23. Game-theoretic insights concerning key business ethics issues occurring in emerging economies.Duane Windsor & United States - 2015 - In Daniel E. Palmer (ed.), Handbook of research on business ethics and corporate responsibilities. Business Science Reference, An Imprint of IGI Global.
     
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  24.  26
    Private Equity Investments.Duane Windsor - 2009 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 20:278-289.
    The recent global financial crisis and economic recession has generated renewed inquiry into and debate over optimal regulation of financial sectors. One such topic of interest concerns how to define, monitor, and regulate the responsibilities of private equity investors. Waves of private equity acquisitions have occurred since the 1980s. The more negative aspects of private equity investment are now under renewed scrutiny. The topic has wide scope, including the recent GM and Chrysler situations. A recent lawsuit by Mervyn’s LLC, a (...)
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  25. Rationale for a transnational code.Duane Windsor - forthcoming - Emerging Global Business Ethics:165.
  26.  24
    Responsible Management Education for the 21st Century: An Update on the State of Affairs and an Open Forum.Duane Windsor - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:512-523.
    This paper reports on recent developments concerning responsible management education for the 21st century. AACSB International’s posture is evidently to permit local flexibility concerning delivery of any business ethics education while highlighting the general importance of ethics for business and business schools. Campaign AACSB organized to argue the case for a strong requirement emphasizing foundational course work followed by infusion/diffusion as opposed to local option. The Business Roundtable and theUN Global Compact in 2007 issued strong, useful recommendations concerning business ethics (...)
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  27.  20
    21st Century Protests Against Objectionable Labor Practices.Duane Windsor - 2005 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 16:326-329.
    A framework is given for the discussion of blogs as a form of online business protests against objectionable labor practices. Blogs are described and analyzed regarding responsibility and effectiveness. Future research on the morality and effectiveness of blogs and other types of online business protests is detailed.
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  28. The role of ethics in business curricula.Duane Windsor - 2005 - In Sheb L. True, Linda Ferrell & O. C. Ferrell (eds.), Fulfilling Our Obligation: Perspectives on Teaching Business Ethics. Kennesaw State University.
     
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  29.  21
    The Value Creation Proposition Suggests Two Requirements for Assessing Alternative Theories of Capitalism.Duane Windsor - 2009 - Philosophy of Management 8 (3):65-74.
    The recent global financial crisis and worst recession since the Great Depression underscore the theoretical and practical importance of defining requirements for assessing alternative theories of capitalism. The expressed goal of Freeman and his co-authors is to replace value-allocating ‘shareholder capitalism’ with value-creating ‘stakeholder capitalism.’ Each theory combines a different value proposition and principal-agent conception. So interpreted, the value creation proposition suggests two requirements for assessing alternative theories. A proposed better theory of capitalism should demonstrate first practicality of prescriptive guidance (...)
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  30.  16
    Teaching Workshop.Duane Windsor & Harry van Buren Iii - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:509-511.
    This brief document introduces two papers (which follow in sequence) based on presentations at the conference in teaching workshop (June 27, 2008) jointly organized and conducted by Duane Windsor (Rice University) and Harry Van Buren III (University of New Mexico). The purpose of the teaching workshop was to report on recent developments concerning responsible management education. Windsor made some introductory comments. Van Buren followed with an exposition of his experiences with and critical reflections on business ethics education particularly with undergraduates (...)
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  31.  7
    Teaching Workshop.Duane Windsor & Harry Van Buren Iii - 2008 - Proceedings of the International Association for Business and Society 19:509-511.
    This brief document introduces two papers (which follow in sequence) based on presentations at the conference in teaching workshop (June 27, 2008) jointly organized and conducted by Duane Windsor (Rice University) and Harry Van Buren III (University of New Mexico). The purpose of the teaching workshop was to report on recent developments concerning responsible management education. Windsor made some introductory comments. Van Buren followed with an exposition of his experiences with and critical reflections on business ethics education particularly with undergraduates (...)
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  32.  8
    Moral CSR.Donna J. Wood, Duane Windsor & Barry M. Mitnick - 2023 - Business and Society 62 (1):192-220.
    Corporate social responsibility (CSR) is about the moral purpose of business and its proper relationship to society. We map the logical structure of CSR—its canonical core—and identify the view of CSR that is most consistent with CSR as driven by moral purpose as Moral CSR (CSRM). The numerous perspectives of CSR, which we term CSR memes, are complements to CSRM. A meme is an idea or usage diffusing within communities. Moral norms and what we term normatively injunctive warrants are implicit (...)
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  33.  17
    Corporate Social Responsibility: An Ethical Approach, by Mark S. Schwartz. Peterborough, Ont.: Broadview Press, 2011, 176 pp. ISBN: 978-155-111-2947. [REVIEW]Duane Windsor - 2013 - Business Ethics Quarterly 23 (4):628-632.
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