54 found
Order:
  1. The Concept of Observation in Science and Philosophy.Dudley Shapere - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (4):485-525.
    Through a study of a sophisticated contemporary scientific experiment, it is shown how and why use of the term 'observation' in reference to that experiment departs from ordinary and philosophical usages which associate observation epistemically with perception. The role of "background information" is examined, and general conclusions are arrived at regarding the use of descriptive language in and in talking about science. These conclusions bring out the reasoning by which science builds on what it has learned, and, further, how that (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   38 citations  
  2. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions.Dudley Shapere - 1964 - Philosophical Review 73 (3):383-394.
  3. Reason, Reference, and the Quest for Knowledge.Dudley Shapere - 1982 - Philosophy of Science 49 (1):1-23.
    This paper examines the "causal theory of reference", according to which science aims at the discovery of "essences" which are the objects of reference of natural kind terms (among others). This theory has been advanced as an alternative to traditional views of "meaning", on which a number of philosophical accounts of science have relied, and which have been criticized earlier by the present author. However, this newer theory of reference is shown to be equally subject to fatal internal difficulties, and (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   9 citations  
  4.  71
    Evolution and Continuity in Scientific Change.Dudley Shapere - 1989 - Philosophy of Science 56 (3):419-437.
    The alleged problem of "incommensurability" is examined, and attempts to explain scientific change in terms of concepts of meaning and reference are analyzed and rejected. A way of understanding scientific change through a properly developed concept of "reasons" is presented, and the issues of reasons, meaning, and reference are placed in the context of this broader interpretation of scientific change.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   8 citations  
  5. Plausibility and Justification in the Development of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1966 - Journal of Philosophy 63 (20):611-621.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  6. Leplin on Essentialism.Dudley Shapere - 1991 - Philosophy of Science 58 (4):655-677.
    Jarrett Leplin has recently criticized a number of aspects of my views of the aims and goals of science, of the rationale of scientific change, and of the consequent relations between science and the philosophy of science, and in particular of the methodology of the latter (Leplin 1984, 1987, 1988a, 1988b). Here I will respond to those criticisms, and also reply to some related criticisms made by other writers.
    Direct download (7 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  7. Reason and the Search for Knowledge Investigations in the Philosophy of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1983
  8.  8
    Galileo: A Philosophical Study.Dudley Shapere - 1974 - University of Chicago Press.
  9.  79
    Astronomy and Antirealism.Dudley Shapere - 1993 - Philosophy of Science 60 (1):134-150.
    Relying on an analysis of the case of gravitational lensing, Hacking argues for a "modest antirealism" in astronomy. It is shown here that neither his scientific arguments nor his philosophical doctrines imply an antirealist conclusion. An alternative, realistic interpretation of gravitational lensing, and of the nature and history of astronomy more generally, is suggested.
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   3 citations  
  10. Meaning and Scientific Change.Dudley Shapere - 1966 - In R. Colodny (ed.), Mind and Cosmos: Essays in Contemporary Science and Philosophy. University of Pittsburgh Press. pp. 41--85.
  11.  26
    Reasons, Radical Change and Incommensurability in Science.Dudley Shapere - 2001 - In Paul Hoyningen-Huene & Howard Sankey (eds.), Incommensurability and Related Matters. Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 181--206.
  12.  45
    What Can the Theory of Knowledge Learn From the History of Knowledge?Dudley Shapere - 1977 - The Monist 60 (4):488-508.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   5 citations  
  13.  17
    Biology and the Unity of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):3-18.
  14.  25
    Building on What We Have Learned.Dudley Shapere - 1998 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 4 (2):142-151.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  15.  17
    Editors' Foreword.Everett Mendelsohn, Dudley Shapere & Garland E. Allen - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):195-197.
  16. Incommensurability.Dudley Shapere - 1998 - In Edward Craig (ed.), Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Routledge. pp. 732-6.
    Translate
     
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  17.  15
    Doppelt Crossed.Dudley Shapere - 1988 - Philosophy of Science 55 (1):134-140.
    The chief objections raised by Doppelt (this issue, "The Philosophical Requirements for an Adequate Conception of Scientific Rationality") against my views fall into three groups: ones having to do with my concept of "success" (that I have provided no analysis of it, and that therefore my concept of "reason" in science is likewise unexplained; that it requires appeal to some universal criterion); ones having to do with the role of standards or criteria in science (how they are related to substantive (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   2 citations  
  18.  33
    Rationalism and Empiricism: A New Perspective. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1988 - Argumentation 2 (3):299-312.
    Though classical and twentieth-century versions of empiricism and rationalism fail in their aims, as does the Kantian attempt at a compromise between those views, there are residues of those views that play important roles in the scientific enterprise. Those residue, and their scientific roles, are examined in this paper.
    Direct download (3 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  19.  39
    Review. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (1):647 - 651.
    Direct download (5 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  20.  26
    Objectivity, Rationality, and Scientific Change.Dudley Shapere - 1984 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1984:637 - 663.
    "Objectivity" and "rationality" of science do not depend on freedom from all "presuppositions", but are inextricably bound with the employment of background beliefs, so long as those background beliefs satisfy certain constraints. These latter have developed through application of the same kind of reasoning that they themselves dictate, and change in response to changes in the reasoning-patterns which they themselves generate. This interaction of constraints and reasoning does not eventuate in a vicious circle; rather, what results is a mutual reinforcement, (...)
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  21.  21
    The Origin and Nature of Metaphysics.Dudley Shapere - 1990 - Philosophical Topics 18 (2):163-174.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  22. On Deciding What to Believe and How to Talk About Nature.Dudley Shapere - 1991 - In Marcello Pera & William R. Shea (eds.), Persuading Science: The Art of Scientific Rhetoric. Science History Publications, Usa.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  23.  18
    VII. "Scientific Thought".Dudley Shapere - 1977 - Teaching Philosophy 2 (2):130-134.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  24.  19
    Modern Physics and the Philosophy of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1988 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1988:201-210.
    This paper examines some sources of the concepts of existence, explanation, and force in ancient thought, and shows how those ideas have been altered in fundamental ways in modem physics. Some lessons for the philosophy of science, in particular implications for its methodology, are considered.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  25. Method in the Philosophy of Science and Epistemology.Dudley Shapere - 1987 - In Nancy J. Nersessian (ed.), The Process of Science: Contemporary Philosophical Approaches to Understanding Scientific Practice. Kluwer Academic Publishers.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  26.  5
    Commentary: Part I.Ernst Mayr, Ernest Nagel, Dudley Shapere, Everett Mendelsohn & John Platt - 1969 - Journal of the History of Biology 2 (1):123 - 147.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  27.  2
    12. On the Relations Between Compositional and Evolutionary Theories.Dudley Shapere - 1974 - In Francisco Jose Ayala & Theodosius Grigorievich Dobzhansky (eds.), Studies in the Philosophy of Biology: Reduction and Related Problems. University of California Press. pp. 187.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography   1 citation  
  28.  14
    Kitcher on Advancing Science. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1995 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):647-651.
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  29.  14
    Discovery, Rationality, and Progress in Science: A Perspective in the Philosophy of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1972 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1972:407 - 419.
  30.  14
    Review: Churchland on Cognitive Creativity and the Understanding of Science. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):879 - 884.
  31.  15
    Book Review:History and Philosophy of Science L. W. H. Hull. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1960 - Philosophy of Science 27 (2):218-.
  32.  17
    Mathematical Ideals and Metaphysical Concepts.Dudley Shapere - 1960 - Philosophical Review 69 (3):376-385.
    No categories
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  33.  4
    VII. "Scientific Thought": A Course in the History and Philosophy of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1977 - Teaching Philosophy 2 (2):130-134.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  34.  12
    Philosophy and the Analysis of Language.Dudley Shapere - 1960 - Inquiry : An Interdisciplinary Journal of Philosophy 3 (1-4):29 – 48.
  35.  8
    The Influence of Knowledge on the Description of Facts.Dudley Shapere - 1976 - PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1976:281 - 298.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  36.  10
    The Causal Efficacy of Space.Dudley Shapere - 1964 - Philosophy of Science 31 (2):111-121.
    Through an analysis of conditions under which the question of spatial anisotropy can be raised, the present paper brings out intimate conceptual relationships between the scientific concept of space and the concepts of entities, behavior, and explanation specified by scientific theories. Thus scientific departures from ordinary usage (or from usage in other scientific theories) of the term "space" entail corresponding shifts in the use of other terms not generally seen to be connected. As a case study of the relations between (...)
    Direct download (6 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  37.  3
    The Origin and Nature of Time.Dudley Shapere - 1996 - Philosophia Scientiae 1 (S1):197-220.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  38.  5
    Book Review:The Scientific Methodology of Theodoric of Freiberg William A. Wallace. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1962 - Philosophy of Science 29 (1):101-.
  39.  2
    Natural Science and the Future of Metaphysics.Dudley Shapere - 1974 - In R. S. Cohen & Marx W. Wartofsky (eds.), Methodological and Historical Essays in the Natural and Social Sciences. Boston: Reidel. pp. 161--171.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  40.  1
    A Bibliography Of The Philosophy Of Science, 1945-1981 By Richard J. Blackwell. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1984 - Isis: A Journal of the History of Science 75:566-567.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  41.  3
    Book Review:Classics in Science: A Course of Selected Readings by Authorities. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1962 - Philosophy of Science 29 (3):326-.
  42.  1
    Talking and Thinking About Nature Roots, Evolution, and Future Prospects.Dudley Shapere - 1992 - Dialectica 46 (3‐4):281-296.
    SummaryThe topic of this symposium gives rise to questions like these: How do we come to talk about nature in the way we do in science? In particular, what, precisely, are the relations between the “technical” language of science and the language we use in our everyday talk about the world and its contents? How, if at all, does the language of everyday life influence the language of science? In order to confront them, it is necessary first to clarify the (...)
    Direct download (4 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  43. A Bibliography of the Philosophy of Science, 1945-1981Richard J. Blackwell.Dudley Shapere - 1984 - Isis 75 (3):566-567.
    No categories
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  44. Building on What We Have Learned: The Relations Between Science and Technology.Dudley Shapere - 1998 - Techné: Research in Philosophy and Technology 4 (2):142-151.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  45. Churchland on Cognitive Creativity and the Understanding of Science.Dudley Shapere - 1998 - Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 58 (4):879-884.
    No categories
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  46. Certain Philosophical Questions: Newton's Trinity Notebook.Dudley Shapere, J. E. McGuire & Martin Tamny - 1986 - Philosophical Review 95 (1):102.
    Direct download (2 more)  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  47. Descartes and Plato.Dudley Shapere - 1963 - Journal of the History of Ideas 24 (4):572.
  48. Hans Blumenberg, "the Genesis of the Copernican World". [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1989 - History and Theory 28 (2):224.
    Direct download  
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  49. Howard Sankey: The Incommensurability Thesis. [REVIEW]Dudley Shapere - 1995 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 46 (1):139.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
  50. Newton, Isaac in Paul Edwards.Dudley Shapere - 1967 - In Paul Edwards (ed.), The Encyclopedia of Philosophy. New York: Macmillan. pp. 489--491.
     
    Export citation  
     
    My bibliography  
1 — 50 / 54