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Duff Waring [9]Duff R. Waring [5]
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  1.  58
    Why the Practice of Medicine is Not a Phronetic Activity.Duff Waring - 2000 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 21 (2):139-151.
    This essay argues that the practice ofmedicine is not a phronetic activity in theoriginal Aristotelian sense of that term. Jonsen andToulmin are two philosophers who have conflated thetechne of medicine with phronesis. Thisconflation ignores Aristotle's crucial distinctionbetween techne and phronesis and his useof the medical analogy. It is argued that medicalreasoning is similar to phronesis but does notexemplify it. Phronesis will not save thelife of medical ethics. The concept could be utilized as amoral prosthetic.
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  2.  27
    The Virtuous Patient: Psychotherapy and the Cultivation of Character.Duff R. Waring - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (1):25-35.
    The standard approach to ethics in psychotherapy is to focus on the therapist. Although normative “boundary” ethics revolves around what the therapist ought, or ought not, to do, virtue ethics can revolve around the kind of person the therapist ought to be. One can thus apply virtue ethical theory to clinical practice and argue for therapist virtues that are relevant to meeting professional standards and to working effectively through the problems that arise in psychotherapy. Considerably less attention has been paid (...)
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  3.  4
    The Physician/Investigator's Obligation to Patients Participating in Research: The Case of Placebo Controlled Trials.Kathleen Cranley Glass & Duff Waring - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):575-585.
    Some authors argue that the ethics of medical care and the ethics of research differ, and that it is a mistake to conflate the two. They propose “that medical research and medical treatment are two distinct forms of activities, governed by different ethical principles.” This raises the question of whether physicians who are also clinical investigators may separate their role as physician from that of researcher when they are involved in clinical trials, thereby avoiding the obligations required in the physician-patient (...)
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  4.  12
    The Physician/Investigator's Obligation to Patients Participating in Research: The Case of Placebo Controlled Trials.Kathleen Cranley Glass & Duff Waring - 2005 - Journal of Law, Medicine and Ethics 33 (3):575-585.
    Some authors argue that the ethics of medical care and the ethics of research differ, and that it is a mistake to conflate the two. They propose “that medical research and medical treatment are two distinct forms of activities, governed by different ethical principles.” This raises the question of whether physicians who are also clinical investigators may separate their role as physician from that of researcher when they are involved in clinical trials, thereby avoiding the obligations required in the physician-patient (...)
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  5.  25
    Psychotherapy Through the Prism of Moral Language.Duff R. Waring - 2012 - Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Psychology 19 (1):45-48.
  6.  64
    Paradoxical Drug Response and the Placebo Effect: A Discussion of Grunbaum's Definitional Scheme.Duff Waring - 2003 - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 24 (1):5-17.
    Grunbaum claims that the remedial failure of atreatment's characteristic factors is thegeneric, objective property of a placebo. Hestipulates that a treatment is placebic if thisremedial failure exacerbates the targetdisorder. This stipulation can subsume asplacebic effects that might be solelypharmacological, e.g., paradoxical reactions tocertain psychiatric drugs. If that exacerbationcan be explained pharmacologically, then wemight question whether Grunbaum's definitionalscheme captures the core identity of what weusually intend by the placebo concept. Ipropose that this core identity is bestcaptured by a symbolic meaning hypothesis (...)
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  7.  14
    Effective Trial Design Need Not Conflict with Good Patient Care.Kathleen Cranley Glass & Duff Waring - 2002 - American Journal of Bioethics 2 (2):25 – 26.
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  8.  33
    Adequate Conscious Life and Age-Related Need: F.M. Kamm's Approach to Patient Selection.Duff Waring - 2004 - Bioethics 18 (3):234–248.
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  9. Medical Benefit and the Human Lottery: An Egalitarian Approach to Patient Selection.Duff R. Waring - 2001 - Dissertation, York University (Canada)
    The central issue of this dissertation is known in bioethics as the problem of fair chances versus best outcomes. The decision-making context is patient selection for scarce, transplantable organs. This problem poses two options for patient selection: either select by a procedure which affords fair chances to all medically suitable transplant candidates or select those whose prognoses indicate the highest levels of prospective medical benefit. The fair chances/best outcomes problem is essentially a problem of choosing between lives. An egalitarian approach (...)
     
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  10. Making Us Crazy. DSM: The Psychiatric Bible and the Creation of Mental Disorders. [REVIEW]Duff Waring - 1998 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 19 (4):437-446.
    The Malleus Maleficarum was a detailed manual for Dominican witch-hunters. It codified specific criteria for identifying witches and guidelines for their application. It elaborated a system of symptoms that indicated illness caused by witchcraft . These symptoms were seen as the visible projections of a vast and complex organization of behavior. Since the existence of witches was presupposed by those who used the manual, its criteria were confirmed repeatedly during the Inquisition. Once the Malleus was published, its diagnostic system acquired (...)
     
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  11. The Antidepressant Debate and Ethically Defensible Placebo-Controlled Trials.Duff Waring - 2008 - IRB: Ethics & Human Research 30 (6).
    The expert clinical community is split about whether the difference between antidepressant treatment and treatment with placebos stems from the efficacy of the drug or from subjects’ heightened expectancy enhanced by side effects—i.e., enhanced placebo effects. Proving whether pharmacological efficacy has been established reliably by randomized controlled trials of antidepressant drugs is difficult, primarily because substituting a placebo for an effective treatment in the control arm of a trial is ethically questionable. I argue that clinical equipoise permits the use of (...)
     
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  12. The Healing Virtues: Character Ethics in Psychotherapy.Duff R. Waring - 2016 - Oxford University Press UK.
    The Healing Virtues explores the intersection of psychotherapy and virtue ethics - with an emphasis on the patient's role within a healing process. It considers how the common ground between the therapeutic process and the cultivation of virtues can inform the efforts of both therapist and patient. Within this book, the Duff R. Waring argues that there is a case for patient virtues that are crucially relevant to working through the problems in living that arise in psychotherapy, e.g., honesty, courage, (...)
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  13.  3
    Telling it like it was: dignity therapy and moral reckoning in palliative care.Duff R. Waring - forthcoming - Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics:1-16.
    This article offers a conceptual analysis of self-respect and self-esteem that informs the ethics of psychotherapy in palliative care. It is focused on Chochinov’s Dignity Therapy, an internationally recognized treatment offered to dying patients who express a need to bolster their sense of self-worth. Although Dignity Therapy aims to help such patients affirm their value through summarized life stories that are shared with their survivors, it is not grounded in a robust theory of self-respect. There is reason to be skeptical (...)
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  14. The Wing of Madness: The Life and Work of R.D. Laing. [REVIEW]Duff Waring - 1997 - Journal of Mind and Behavior 18 (4):465-472.
    By the time of his death in 1989, R.D. Laing was already history. His status as a countercultural legend remained intact, but he had gone from icon to relic. His intellectual and political credibility reached a peak in the late 1960s that he never regained. For many, the publication of The Politics of Experience and The Bird of Paradise in 1967 presaged his critical demise into bad poetry and bellicose shamanism. Laing himself was keenly aware of his fall from popular (...)
     
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