Results for 'Dwight Holbrook'

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Dwight Holbrook
Adam Mickiewicz University
  1. Is Present Time a Precondition for the Existence of the Material and Public World?Dwight Holbrook - 2015 - Social Epistemology 29 (1):118-144.
    Is Present Time a Precondition for the Existence of the Material and Public World?. . ???aop.label???. doi: 10.1080/02691728.2013.782591.
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  2.  61
    Background Category and Its Place in the Material World.Dwight Holbrook - 2010 - Mind and Matter 8 (2):145-165.
    However robust the mind's cognitive strategies of objectifying and rendering in object terms conscious experience, there is nevertheless that which resists object/substantivity categorization: an exteriority that comes out of perception itself and that is here termed the 'background '. In seeking out, in this inquiry, the non- objectified and non-thingness part of the observed world, we must first of all distinguish this background from such misrepresenta- tions as mere 'seeming '. The background -- while not thing-like or detectable as data (...)
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  3.  78
    Consequentialism: The Philosophical Dog That Does Not Bark?: Daniel Holbrook.Daniel Holbrook - 1991 - Utilitas 3 (1):107-112.
    By consequentialism, I mean the position that actions are right or wrong insofar as they affect the happiness, preferences, etc., of some class of sentient beings, usually humans. Consequentialism specifies a fairly narrow range of properties as being the determining factors in regard to actions being right or wrong. Each action has properties other than how it affects the happiness preferences, etc., of humans. According to consequentialism, the kind of action it is, the motivation behind the action, and other consequences, (...)
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  4.  4
    Charles A. S. Dwight.C. Harrison Dwight - 1956 - Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 30:111 -.
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  5. Lyotard and Greek Thought: Sophistry (Review).J. Britt Holbrook - 2006 - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44 (4):676-677.
    J Britt Holbrook - Lyotard and Greek Thought: Sophistry - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 676-677 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by J. Britt Holbrook University of North Texas Keith Crome. Lyotard and Greek Thought: Sophistry. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Pp. x + 186. Cloth, $68.00. Caveat lector: this deceptively short work presents an exercise in genre-bending that may leave one's head spinning, particularly if one's acquaintance (...)
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  6.  67
    Utilitarianism on Environmental Issues Reexamined.Daniel Holbrook - 1992 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 7 (1):41-46.
    Daniel Holbrook is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy at Washington State University. He received his Ph.D. in Philosophy from the University of Iowa in 1987. Publications include a book on utilitarianism and papers on ethical theory, environmental ethics, biomedical ethics, animal rights, and philosophy of mind.
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  7.  2
    Lyotard and Greek Thought: Sophistry. [REVIEW]J. Holbrook - 2006 - Journal of the History of Ideas 44:676-677.
    J Britt Holbrook - Lyotard and Greek Thought: Sophistry - Journal of the History of Philosophy 44:4 Journal of the History of Philosophy 44.4 676-677 Muse Search Journals This Journal Contents Reviewed by J. Britt Holbrook University of North Texas Keith Crome. Lyotard and Greek Thought: Sophistry. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2004. Pp. x + 186. Cloth, $68.00. Caveat lector: this deceptively short work presents an exercise in genre-bending that may leave one's head spinning, particularly if one's acquaintance (...)
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  8.  9
    Education, Nihilism and Survival.David Holbrook - 1977 - Darton, Longman and Todd.
    In this insightful and passionately concerned book, British educationist and man of letters David Holbrook retorts persuasively that this reductive view of...
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  9. What is Interdisciplinary Communication? Reflections on the Very Idea of Disciplinary Integration.J. Britt Holbrook - 2013 - Synthese 190 (11):1865-1879.
    In this paper I attempt to answer the question: What is interdisciplinary communication? I attempt to answer this question, rather than what some might consider the ontologically prior question—what is interdisciplinarity (ID)?—for two reasons: (1) there is no generally agreed-upon definition of ID; and (2) one’s views regarding interdisciplinary communication have a normative relationship with one’s other views of ID, including one’s views of its very essence. I support these claims with reference to the growing literature on ID, which has (...)
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  10.  34
    The Morality of Harm.Paulo Sousa, Colin Holbrook & Jared Piazza - 2009 - Cognition 113 (1):80-92.
  11. Folk Concepts of Intentional Action in the Contexts of Amoral and Immoral Luck.Paulo Sousa & Colin Holbrook - 2010 - Review of Philosophy and Psychology 1 (3):351-370.
    This paper concerns a recently discovered, puzzling asymmetry in judgments of whether an action is intentional or not (Knobe, Philosophical Psychology 16:309–324, 2003a ; Analysis 63:190–193, b ). We report new data replicating the asymmetry in the context of scenarios wherein an agent achieves an amoral or immoral goal due to luck. Participants’ justifications of their judgments of the intentionality of the agent’s action indicate that two distinct folk concepts of intentional action played a role in their judgments. When viewed (...)
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  12.  19
    May God Guide Our Guns.Jeremy Pollack, Colin Holbrook, Daniel M. T. Fessler, Adam Maxwell Sparks & James G. Zerbe - 2018 - Human Nature 29 (3):311-327.
    The perceived support of supernatural agents has been historically, ethnographically, and theoretically linked with confidence in engaging in violent intergroup conflict. However, scant experimental investigations of such links have been reported to date, and the extant evidence derives largely from indirect laboratory methods of limited ecological validity. Here, we experimentally tested the hypothesis that perceived supernatural aid would heighten inclinations toward coalitional aggression using a realistic simulated coalitional combat paradigm: competitive team paintball. In a between-subjects design, US paintball players recruited (...)
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  13.  44
    Philosophy in the Age of Neoliberalism.Robert Frodeman, Adam Briggle & J. Britt Holbrook - 2012 - Social Epistemology 26 (3-4):311-330.
    This essay argues that political, economic, and cultural developments have made the twentieth century disciplinary approach to philosophy unsustainable. It (a) discusses the reasons behind this unsustainability, which also affect the academy at large, (b) describes applied philosophy as an inadequate theoretical reaction to contemporary societal pressures, and (c) proposes a dedisciplined and interstitial approach??field philosophy??as a better response to the challenges facing the twenty-first century philosophy.
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  14.  8
    A Cartography of Philosophy’s Engagement with Society.Diana Hicks & J. Britt Holbrook - forthcoming - Minerva:1-21.
    Should philosophy help address the problems of non-philosophers or should it be something isolated both from other disciplines and from the lay public? This question became more than academic for philosophers working in UK universities with the introduction of societal impact assessment in the national research evaluation exercise, the REF. Every university department put together a submission describing its broader impact in case narratives, and these were graded. Philosophers were required to participate. The resulting narratives are publicly available and provide (...)
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  15.  22
    Natural Language Generation of Biomedical Argumentation for Lay Audiences.Nancy Green, Rachael Dwight, Kanyamas Navoraphan & Brian Stadler - 2011 - Argument and Computation 2 (1):23 - 50.
    This article presents an architecture for natural language generation of biomedical argumentation. The goal is to reconstruct the normative arguments that a domain expert would provide, in a manner that is transparent to a lay audience. Transparency means that an argument's structure and functional components are accessible to its audience. Transparency is necessary before an audience can fully comprehend, evaluate or challenge an argument, or re-evaluate it in light of new findings about the case or changes in scientific knowledge. The (...)
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  16.  46
    Authority Dependence and Judgments of Utilitarian Harm.Jared Piazza, Paulo Sousa & Colin Holbrook - 2013 - Cognition 128 (3):261-270.
    Three studies tested the conditions under which people judge utilitarian harm to be authority dependent (i.e., whether its right or wrongness depends on the ruling of an authority). In Study 1, participants judged the right or wrongness of physical abuse when used as an interrogation method anticipated to yield useful information for preventing future terrorist attacks. The ruling of the military authority towards the harm was manipulated (prohibited vs. prescribed) and found to significantly influence judgments of the right or wrongness (...)
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  17. Descartes on Mind-Body Interaction.Daniel Holbrook - 1992 - Southwest Philosophical Studies 14:74-83.
    In his "Meditations on First Philosophy", Descartes argues for there being a radical difference between mind and body. Yet, we know that mind and body interest. How is this possible? Descartes's answer tothis question is that human nature is a "substantial union" of mind and body. In this essay, Descartes's solution is explained and critically examined.
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  18.  12
    With God on Our Side: Religious Primes Reduce the Envisioned Physical Formidability of a Menacing Adversary.Colin Holbrook, Daniel M. T. Fessler & Jeremy Pollack - 2016 - Cognition 146:387-392.
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  19.  11
    Sizing Up the Threat: The Envisioned Physical Formidability of Terrorists Tracks Their Leaders' Failures and Successes.Colin Holbrook & Daniel Mt Fessler - 2013 - Cognition 127 (1):46-56.
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  20. Answering NSF's Question: What Are the Broader Impacts of the Proposed Activity?J. Britt Holbrook & Robert Frodeman - 2007 - Professional Ethics Report 20 (3).
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  21.  20
    Moral Asymmetries in Judgments of Agency Withstand Ludicrous Causal Deviance.Paulo Sousa, Colin Holbrook & Lauren Swiney - 2015 - Frontiers in Psychology 6.
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  22. Assessing the Science -- Society Relation: The Case of the U.S. National Science Foundation's Second Merit Review Criterion.J. Britt Holbrook - 2005 - Technology in Society 27 (4):437--451.
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  23.  11
    Supernatural Beliefs, Unconscious Threat and Judgment Bias in Tibetan Buddhists.Colin Holbrook & Paulo Sousa - 2013 - Journal of Cognition and Culture 13 (1-2):33-56.
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  24.  14
    Assessing the Science-Society Relation.J. Britt Holbrook - 2005 - Technology in Society 27 (4):437-51.
    The science–society relation exhibits a tension between scientific autonomy and societal control of the direction and scope of scientific research. With the 1997 formulation of two generic merit review criteria for the assessment of National Science Foundation proposals—one for intellectual merit, and a second for ‘broader impacts’—this tension between science and society took on a unique institutional expression that has yet to work itself out into a well-accepted balance of complementary interests. This article examines some of the issues associated especially (...)
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  25.  27
    The Consequentialistic Side of Environmental Ethics.Daniel Holbrook - 1997 - Environmental Values 6 (1):87-96.
    There are two principles often found in environmental ethics – self-realisation and environmental preservation. I argue that these are two logically independent principles. An analysis of its essential features shows that the preservation principle should be based on actual consequentialism, for it is only the actual effects of our actions and policies that are important to the main issues of environmental preservation. Aldo Leopold's land ethic is found to be an example of a consequentialistic theory of environmental preservation.
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  26.  5
    Men’s Physical Strength Moderates Conceptualizations of Prospective Foes in Two Disparate Societies.Daniel M. T. Fessler, Colin Holbrook & Matthew M. Gervais - 2014 - Human Nature 25 (3):393-409.
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  27.  15
    Baumard Et Al.'S Moral Markets Lack Market Dynamics.Daniel Mt Fessler & Colin Holbrook - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (1):89 - 90.
    Market models are indeed indispensable to understanding the evolution of cooperation and its emotional substrates. Unfortunately, Baumard et al. eschew market thinking in stressing the supposed invariance of moral/cooperative behavior across circumstances. To the contrary, humans display contingent morality/cooperation, and these shifts are best accounted for by market models of partner choice for mutually beneficial collaboration.
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  28.  7
    From Rupture to Resonance: Uncertainty and Scholarship in Fine Art Research Degrees.Beverley Simmons & Allyson Holbrook - 2013 - Arts and Humanities in Higher Education 12 (2-3):204-221.
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  29.  15
    Fault Tolerance in Belief Formation Networks.Sarah Holbrook & Pavel Naumov - 2012 - In Luis Farinas del Cerro, Andreas Herzig & Jerome Mengin (eds.), Logics in Artificial Intelligence. Springer. pp. 267--280.
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  30.  11
    Editor's Introduction.J. Britt Holbrook - 2009 - Social Epistemology 23 (3):177-181.
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  31. Qualitative Utilitarianism.Daniel Holbrook - 1988 - Upa.
    This text offers an interpretation of John Stuart Mill's ethical theory, Qualitatively-Hedonistic Utilitarianism, as well as a discussion, analysis and solution of problems that have arisen in the theory since the initial publication of Utilitarianism in 1861.
     
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  32.  22
    Research Ethics in the Assessment of PhD Theses: Footprint or Footnote?Allyson Holbrook, Kerry Dally, Carol Avery, Terry Lovat & Hedy Fairbairn - 2017 - Journal of Academic Ethics 15 (4):321-340.
    There is an expectation that all researchers will act ethically and responsibly in the conduct of research involving humans and animals. While research ethics is mentioned in quality indicators and codes of responsible researcher conduct, it appears to have little profile in doctoral assessment. There seems to be an implicit assumption that ethical competence has been achieved by the end of doctoral candidacy and that there is no need for candidates to report on the ethical dimensions of their study nor (...)
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  33.  6
    Book Review: A Relevant Word: Communicating the Gospel to Seekers. [REVIEW]Fred A. Holbrook - 1998 - Interpretation: A Journal of Bible and Theology 52 (2):220-222.
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  34.  3
    Edwards Re-ExaminedThe Works of Jonathan Edwards. Volume I. Freedom of the Will.The Works of Jonathan Edwards. Volume II. Religious Affections. [REVIEW]Clyde A. Holbrook - 1960 - Review of Metaphysics 13 (4):623-641.
    The formidable task of republishing Edwards' works is made the more significant by the planned inclusion of the manuscript material hitherto little known except to a limited number of research scholars. The job of deciphering and organizing these writings, to say nothing of providing a meaningful context for understanding their merits, is one of the first magnitude. Each of the volumes will be put into the hands of a competent scholar for the editing of the text and the writing of (...)
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  35. Understanding Technological Design.Carl Mitcham & J. Britt Holbrook - 2006 - In John R. Dakers (ed.), Defining Technological Literacy: Towards an Epistemological Framework. Palgrave-Macmillan.
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  36.  36
    Navigating in a Volumetric World: Metric Encoding in the Vertical Axis of Space.Theresa Burt de Perera, Robert Holbrook, Victoria Davis, Alex Kacelnik & Tim Guilford - 2013 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 36 (5):546-547.
    Animals navigate through three-dimensional environments, but we argue that the way they encode three-dimensional spatial information is shaped by how they use the vertical component of space. We agree with Jeffery et al. that the representation of three-dimensional space in vertebrates is probably bicoded (with separation of the plane of locomotion and its orthogonal axis), but we believe that their suggestion that the vertical axis is stored (that is, not containing distance or direction metrics usable for novel computations) is unlikely, (...)
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  37.  28
    Introducing a Policy Turn in Environmental Philosophy.J. Britt Holbrook - 2006 - Environmental Philosophy 3 (1):70-77.
    This essay inaugurates a commitment to devote a small part of Environmental Philosophy to reflection on how environmental philosophers can better engage scientists and decisionmakers already involved in their own conversation about the environment. Philosophers generally have not made the question of how to make philosophy a relevant or useful part of their philosophical research. By way of introduction, we begin to articulate a theoretical framework for how we might integrate the humanities, philosophy in general, and environmental philosophy in particular (...)
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  38.  29
    Research Ethics Education in the STEM Disciplines: The Promises and Challenges of a Gaming Approach.Adam Briggle, J. Britt Holbrook, Joseph Oppong, Joesph Hoffmann, Elizabeth K. Larsen & Patrick Pluscht - 2016 - Science and Engineering Ethics 22 (1):237-250.
    While education in ethics and the responsible conduct of research is widely acknowledged as an essential component of graduate education, particularly in the STEM disciplines, little consensus exists on how best to accomplish this goal. Recent years have witnessed a turn toward the use of games in this context. Drawing from two NSF-funded grants, this paper takes a critical look at the use of games in ethics and RCR education. It does so by: setting the development of research and engineering (...)
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  39.  47
    All Embryos Are Equal?: Issues in Pre-Implantation Genetic Diagnosis, IVF Implantation, Embryonic Stem Cell Research, and Therapeutic Cloning.Daniel Holbrook - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):43-53.
    The focus here is the question of the moral status of viable human embryos for the first few days of their existence. More precisely, my focus is the human embryo from its conception, through its becoming a mass of undifferentiated cells, to its first differentiation when the initial stem cell mass appears. Naturally, this would occur in the first week of the embryo’s existence, whether in vitro (in a laboratory) or in vivo (in the uterine tubes or uterus). With cryogenics, (...)
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  40.  52
    Lincoln Allison, Ecology and Utility: The Philosophical Dilemmas of Planetary Management, Leicester University Press, 1991, Pp. 185.Daniel Holbrook - 1994 - Utilitas 6 (1):145.
  41.  5
    The Ottoman Lady: A Social History From 1718 to 1918.Victoria Holbrook & Fanny Davis - 1991 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 111 (3):605.
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  42.  16
    Nymue, the Chief Lady of the Lake, in Malory's Le Morte Darthur.S. Holbrook - 1978 - Speculum 53 (4):761-777.
    The account of Merlin's disappearance from the world most often repeated is that he was imprisoned by the woman he loved after having taught her all the magic art that she desired to know. All the major versions in medieval literature, except the Vulgate Merlin Sequel, identify the woman in question as the Lady of the Lake, and all but the Prophecies de Merlin provide another name as well, written with several spellings that seem to be scribal variations of each (...)
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  43. Adventures in Ethics.Daniel Holbrook - manuscript
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  44. Biomedical Ethics Spring 2007.Daniel Holbrook - manuscript
    Topic Read 01. Jan 09 Introduction/Pretest/Critical Thinking 02. Jan 11 Ethical Theory Homepage 03. Jan 16 More about Ethical Theory 04. Jan 18 Euthanasia CC-2 05. Jan 23 More about Euthanasia CC-4 06. Jan 25 Birth Defects CC-9 07. Jan 30 Euthanasia/Birth Defects Symposium 08. Feb 01 Animals as Research Subjects CC-10 09. Feb 06 More about Animals as Research Subjects 10. Feb 08 Humans as Research Subjects CC-11 11. Feb 13 Organ/Tissue Donation & Xenografts CC-13/14 12. Feb 15 Research (...)
     
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  45.  31
    Descartes on Persons.Daniel Holbrook - 1992 - The Personalist Forum 8 (Supplement):9-14.
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  46.  34
    Lincoln Allison, Ed., The Utilitarian Response, London, Sage Publications, 1990, Pp. 256.Daniel Holbrook - 1992 - Utilitas 4 (1):181.
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  47.  16
    All Embryos Are Equal?Daniel Holbrook - 2007 - International Journal of Applied Philosophy 21 (1):43-53.
    The focus here is the question of the moral status of viable human embryos for the first few days of their existence. More precisely, my focus is the human embryo from its conception, through its becoming a mass of undifferentiated cells, to its first differentiation when the initial stem cell mass appears. Naturally, this would occur in the first week of the embryo’s existence, whether in vitro or in vivo. With cryogenics, the process can be frozen at any stage. In (...)
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  48.  19
    Beneventan fragments at Altamura.Thomas Forrest Kelly & Herman F. Holbrook - 1987 - Mediaeval Studies 49 (1):466-479.
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  49.  8
    Erratum To: Research Ethics in the Assessment of PhD Theses: Footprint or Footnote?Allyson Holbrook, Kerry Dally, Carol Avery, Terry Lovat & Hedy Fairbairn - 2017 - Journal of Academic Ethics 15 (4):341-341.
  50.  17
    Context and Contextualisation: Remarks on the Work of Ian Hunter.Peter Holbrook - 2014 - History of European Ideas 40 (1):1-7.
    Summary This essay focuses on a characteristic analytical and rhetorical strategy of the style of intellectual history practiced by Ian Hunter. It assesses the moral and political resources supplied by that strategy, as well as its implications for one particular humanities discipline, that of literary criticism.
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