Results for 'E. Campbell'

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  1.  56
    Educational Neuroscience: Motivations, Methodology, and Implications.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):7-16.
    ‘What does the brain have to do with learning?’Prima facie, this may seem like a strange thing for anyone to say, especially educational scholars, researchers, practitioners, and policy makers. There are, however, valid objections to injecting various and sundry neuroscientific considerations piecemeal into the vast field of education. These objections exist in a variety of dimensions. After providing a working definition for educational neuroscience, identifying the ‘mindbrain’ as the proper object of study thereof, I discuss, dispel or dismiss some of (...)
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  2.  5
    Attitudes of Healthcare Professionals and Parents Regarding Genetic Testing for Violent Traits in Childhood.E. Campbell & L. F. Ross - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):580-586.
    Objectives: Although no genetic tests for violent behaviour are currently available, research is ongoing to isolate genes related to a propensity for violence. We explored the attitudes of parents and healthcare professionals toward behavioural genetic testing for violence.Design: The attitudes of healthcare professionals and the lay public about genetic testing of children were elicited for a range of conditions through interviews with healthcare professionals and focus groups with parents. All participants were informed that behavioural genetic testing was the only hypothetical (...)
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  3.  15
    A Recruitment Strategy for Cluster Randomized Trials in Secondary Care Settings.Anne E. Walker, Marion K. Campbell, Jeremy M. Grimshaw & the Tempest Group - 2000 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 6 (2):185-192.
  4.  30
    Introduction: Educational Neuroscience.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell - 2011 - Educational Philosophy and Theory 43 (1):1-6.
    This chapter presents emotion as a function of brain‐body interaction, as a vital part of a multi‐tiered phylogenetic set of neural mechanisms, evoked by both instinctive processes and learned appraisal systems, and argues to establish the primacy of emotion in relation to cognition. Primarily based on Damasio's somatic marker hypothesis, but also incorporating elements of Lazarus' appraisal theory, this paper presents a neuropedagogical model of emotion, the somatic appraisal model of affect. SAMA identifies quintessential components, facets, and functions of affect (...)
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  5.  61
    Racism and Philosophy.Susan E. Babbitt & Sue Campbell (eds.) - 1999 - Cornell University Press.
    By definitively establishing that racism has broad implications for how the entire field of philosophy is practiced -- and by whom -- this powerful and ...
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  6.  13
    A-B and B-A Performance as Functions of Test Instructions and Reading Order.Slater E. Newman & Ralph T. Campbell - 1971 - Journal of Experimental Psychology 88 (1):57.
  7. Self-Love and Self-Respect. [REVIEW]Thomas E. Hill & Richmond Campbell - 1982 - Philosophical Review 91 (3):470-473.
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  8. Educational Neuroscience: Initiatives and Emerging Issues.Kathryn E. Patten & Stephen R. Campbell (eds.) - 2011 - Wiley.
    _Educational Neuroscience_ provides an overview of the wide range of recent initiatives in educational neuroscience, examining a variety of methodological concerns, issues, and directions. Encourages interdisciplinary perspectives in educational neuroscience Contributions from leading researchers examine key issues relating to educational neuroscience and mind, brain, and education more generally Promotes a theoretical and empirical base for the subject area Explores a range of methods available to researchers Identifies agencies, organizations, and associations facilitating development in the field Reveals a variety of on-going (...)
     
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  9.  11
    Rats Can Learn a Probability Discrimination Based on Previous Trial Outcomes in Partial Reward Schedules.Patrick E. Campbell, Wendy B. Campbell, Brian M. Kruger & Patricia Roberts - 1980 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 16 (5):337-340.
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  10.  6
    Flux Instabilities in Hard Superconductors.J. E. Evetts, A. M. Campbell & D. Dew-Hughes - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (104):339-343.
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  11.  3
    Consciousness: Brain Child.A. E. M. & Percy A. Campbell - 1934 - Journal of Philosophy 31 (2):48.
  12.  8
    Generation of the Universe and "Design for Living.".A. E. M. & Percy A. Campbell - 1935 - Journal of Philosophy 32 (3):80.
  13. Incentives: Motivation and the Economics of Information.Donald E. Campbell - 2006 - Cambridge University Press.
    This book, first published in 2006, examines the incentives at work in a wide range of institutions to see how and how well coordination is achieved by informing and motivating individual decision makers. The book examines the performance of agents hired to carry out specific tasks, from taxi drivers to CEOs. It investigates the performance of institutions, from voting schemes to kidney transplants, to see if they enhance general well being. The book examines a broad range of market transactions, from (...)
     
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  14.  20
    Prolonging Life and Allowing Death: Infants.A. G. Campbell & H. E. McHaffie - 1995 - Journal of Medical Ethics 21 (6):339-344.
    Dilemmas about resuscitation and life-prolonging treatment for severely compromised infants have become increasingly complex as skills in neonatal care have developed. Quality of life and resource issues necessarily influence management. Our Institute of Medical Ethics working party, on whose behalf this paper is written, recognises that the ultimate responsibility for the final decision rests with the doctor in clinical charge of the infant. However, we advocate a team approach to decision-making, emphasising the important role of parents and nurses in the (...)
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  15.  30
    Campbell and Vinci on Novel Confirmation.Jeremiah E. McCarthy - 1986 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 37 (2):216-220.
    Richmond Campbell and Thomas Vinci have recently presented a Bayesian theory of confirmation by novel evidence (Campbell and Vinci [1983]). I shall review their theory as briefly as possible and present three objections to it.
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  16.  24
    The Works of George Berkeley.J. E. C., George Berkeley & Alexander Campbell Fraser - 1902 - Philosophical Review 11:97.
  17.  6
    Ontogeny of Memory.Byron A. Campbell & Norman E. Spear - 1972 - Psychological Review 79 (3):215-236.
  18.  10
    The Behaviour of Type II Superconductors.A. M. Campbell, J. E. Evetts & D. Dew-Hughes - 1964 - Philosophical Magazine 10 (104):333-338.
  19.  46
    Attitudes of Healthcare Professionals and Parents Regarding Genetic Testing for Violent Traits in Childhood.E. Campbell - 2004 - Journal of Medical Ethics 30 (6):580-586.
    Objectives: Although no genetic tests for violent behaviour are currently available, research is ongoing to isolate genes related to a propensity for violence. We explored the attitudes of parents and healthcare professionals toward behavioural genetic testing for violence.Design: The attitudes of healthcare professionals and the lay public about genetic testing of children were elicited for a range of conditions through interviews with healthcare professionals and focus groups with parents. All participants were informed that behavioural genetic testing was the only hypothetical (...)
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  20.  38
    Rationality From a Computational Standpoint.Donald E. Campbell - 1978 - Theory and Decision 9 (3):255-266.
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  21.  31
    Manipulation of Social Choice Rules by Strategic Nomination of Candidates.Donald E. Campbell - 1979 - Theory and Decision 10 (1-4):247-263.
  22.  27
    Sustainability and Peasant Farming Systems: Observations From Zimbabwe. [REVIEW]B. M. Campbell, P. Bradley & S. E. Carter - 1997 - Agriculture and Human Values 14 (2):159-168.
    Many authors suggest the need to define ‘sustainable development’in operational terms. This paper looks at the problems ofattempting to ask whether peasant farming systems are sustainable.Any attempt at sustainability assessment needs to consider issuesrelated to the selected indicators or performance criteria, spatialscale or boundaries, and temporal scale. While there is certainlya need for more rigorous analysis of sustainability issues, thereis limited outlook for an approach based on indicators. Even if themany purely technical problems associated with specific indicatorscan be surmounted, will (...)
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  23.  16
    Metallography of a Medium Carbon Steel Subjected to Slow and Impact Compression.J. D. Campbell, J. Duby & K. E. Puttick - 1957 - Philosophical Magazine 2 (16):548-553.
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  24. Compatibilist Alternatives.Joseph Keim Campbell - 2005 - Canadian Journal of Philosophy 35 (3):387-406.
    _If you were free in doing something and morally responsible for it, you could have done otherwise. That_ _has seemed a pretty firm proposition among the old, new, clear, unclear and other propositions in the_ _philosophical discussion of freedom and determinism. If you were free in what you did, there was an_ _alternative. It is also at least natural to think that if determinism is true, you can never do otherwise than_ _you do. G. E. Moore, that Cambridge reasoner in (...)
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  25.  14
    Runway Performance as a Function of the Schedule and Magnitude of Water Reward.Patrick E. Campbell, Thomas A. Hinson & Brian M. Kruger - 1977 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 10 (1):69-72.
  26. On Testing the Simulation Theory.Tom Campbell, Houman Owhadi, Joe Savageau & David Watkinson - manuscript
    Can the theory that reality is a simulation be tested? We investigate this question based on the assumption that if the system performing the simulation is nite (i.e. has limited resources), then to achieve low computational complexity, such a system would, as in a video game, render content (reality) only at the moment that information becomes available for observation by a player and not at the moment of detection by a machine (that would be part of the simulation and whose (...)
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  27.  20
    Dynamic Relationships Between Stress States and Working Memory.Gerald Matthews & Sian E. Campbell - 2010 - Cognition and Emotion 24 (2):357-373.
  28. Culture Corrupts! A Qualitative Study of Organizational Culture in Corrupt Organizations.Jamie-Lee Campbell & Anja S. Göritz - 2014 - Journal of Business Ethics 120 (3):1-21.
    Although theory refers to organizational culture as an important variable in corrupt organizations, only little empirical research has addressed the characteristics of a corrupt organizational culture. Besides some characteristics that go hand in hand with unethical behavior and other features of corrupt organizations, we are still not able to describe a corrupt organizational culture in terms of its underlying assumptions, values, and norms. With a qualitative approach, we studied similarities of organizational culture across different corrupt organizations. In this study, we (...)
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  29.  8
    When Static Media Promote Active Learning: Annotated Illustrations Versus Narrated Animations in Multimedia Instruction.Richard E. Mayer, Mary Hegarty, Sarah Mayer & Julie Campbell - 2005 - Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied 11 (4):256-265.
  30. Winning the Vote in the West: The Political Successes of the Women's Suffrage Movements, 1866-1919.Karen E. Campbell & Holly J. Mccammon - 2001 - Gender and Society 15 (1):55-82.
    When Congress passed the 19th Amendment in 1919 granting women voting rights, 13 western states had already adopted woman suffrage. Only 2 states outside the West had done so. Using event history analysis, the authors investigate why woman suffrage came early to the western states. Alan Grimes's hypotheses, that native-born, western men were willing to give women the vote to remedy western social problems and to increase the number of women in the region, receive little support in our analysis. Rather, (...)
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  31.  13
    High-Altitude HermeneuticsHermeneutics: Interpretation Theory in Schleiermacher, Dilthey, Heidegger, and Gadamer.Campbell Tatham & Richard E. Palmer - 1973 - Diacritics 3 (2):22.
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  32.  5
    M. Campbell‐Kelly;, M. Croarken;, R. Flood;, E. Robson . The History of Mathematical Tables: From Sumer to Spreadsheets. Viii + 361 Pp., Illus. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003. $89.50. [REVIEW]S. L. Zabell - 2005 - Isis 96 (2):258-258.
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  33.  92
    Two Kinds of Holism About Values.Campbell Brown - 2007 - Philosophical Quarterly 57 (228):456–463.
    I compare two kinds of holism about values: G.E. Moore's 'organic unities', and Jonathan Dancy's 'value holism'. I propose a simple formal model for representing evaluations of parts and wholes. I then define two conditions, additivism and invariabilism, which together imply a third, atomism. Since atomism is absurd, we must reject one of the former two conditions. This is where Moore and Dancy part company: whereas Moore rejects additivism, Dancy rejects invariabilism. I argue that Moore's view is more plausible. Invariabilism (...)
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  34.  13
    Basal Ganglia and Cortical Networks for Sequential Ordering and Rhythm of Complex Movements.Jeffery G. Bednark, Megan E. J. Campbell & Ross Cunnington - 2015 - Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 9.
  35. What's the Role of Spatial Awareness in Visual Perception of Objects?John Campbell - 2007 - Mind and Language 22 (5):548–562.
    I set out two theses. The first is Lynn Robertson’s: (a) spatial awareness is a cause of object perception. A natural counterpoint is: (b) spatial awareness is a cause of your ability to make accurate verbal reports about a perceived object. Zenon Pylyshyn has criticized both. I argue that nonetheless, the burden of the evidence supports both (a) and (b). Finally, I argue conscious visual perception of an object has a different causal role to both: (i) non-conscious perception of the (...)
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  36.  49
    Radicalizing Enactivism: Basic Minds with Content By Daniel F. Hutto and Erik Myin.Douglas Campbell - 2014 - Analysis 74 (1):ant102.
    In Radicalizing Enactivism, D. D. Hutto and E. Myin develop a theory of mind they call ‘Radical Enactive (or Embodied) Cognition’ (REC). They argue that extant enactivist and embodied theories of mind are, although pretty radical, not radical enough, because such theories buy into the representationalist doctrine that perceptual experience (along with other forms of ‘basic’ mentality) possesses representational content. REC denies this doctrine. It implies that perceptual experience lacks reference, truth conditions, accuracy conditions, or conditions of satisfaction. In this (...)
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  37. Giving Up Levelling Down.Campbell Brown - 2003 - Economics and Philosophy 19 (1):111-134.
    The so-called “Levelling Down Objection” is commonly believed to occupy a central role in the debate between egalitarians and prioritarians. Egalitarians think that equality is good in itself, and so they are committed to finding value even in such equality as may only be achieved by “levelling down”–i.e., by merely reducing the better off to the level of the worse off. Although egalitarians might deny that levelling down could ever make for an all-things-considered improvement, they cannot deny that it may (...)
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  38. Resource Allocation Mechanisms.Donald E. Campbell - 1987 - Cambridge University Press.
    Resource Allocation Mechanisms derives the general welfare properties of systems in which individuals are motivated by self-interest. Satisfactory outcomes will emerge only if individual incentives are harnessed by means of a communication and payoff process, or mechanism, involving every agent. Professor Campbell employs a formal and abstract model of a mechanism that brings into prominence the criteria by which the performance of an economy is to be judged. The mechanism approach is used to prove some fundamental theorems about the (...)
     
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  39.  11
    Martin Campbell-Kelly. ICL: A Business and Technical History. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1989. Pp. Xii + 409. ISBN 0-19-853918-5. £30.00. [REVIEW]Mari E. W. Williams - 1991 - British Journal for the History of Science 24 (4):480-481.
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  40.  7
    The Costs and Consequences of Omalizumab in Uncontrolled Asthma From a USA Payer Perspective.J. D. Campbell, D. E. Spackman & S. D. Sullivan - unknown
    Background: Omalizumab, an anti-immunoglobulin E antibody, reduces exacerbations and symptoms in uncontrolled allergic asthma. The study objective was to estimate the costs and consequences of omalizumab compared to usual care from a US payer perspective. Methods: We estimated payer costs, quality-adjusted survival (QALYs), and the incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER) of omalizumab compared to usual care using a state-transition simulation model that included sensitivity analyses. Every 2 weeks, patients could transition between chronic asthma and exacerbation health states. The best available evidence (...)
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  41.  12
    Martin Campbell-Kelly and William Aspray, Computer: A History of the Information Machine. New York: Basic Books, 1996. Pp. IX+340. Isbn 0-465-02989-2. No Price Given. Paul N. Edwards, the Closed World: Computers and the Politics of Discourse in Cold War America. Cambridge, Ma: MIT Press, 1996. Pp. XX+440. Isbn 0-262-05051-X. £33.95. Arthur L. Norberg and Judy E. O'Neill, Transforming Computer Technology: Information Processing for the Pentagon, 1962–1986. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press, 1996. Pp. XIV+360. Isbn 0-8018-5152-1. £41.50. [REVIEW]Jon Agar - 1998 - British Journal for the History of Science 31 (3):361-375.
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  42. Apperly, IA, 287.E. Ashbridge, R. E. Baillargeon, P. Barrouillet, M. Brysbaert, H. H. Bülthoff, J. I. D. Campbell, P. Cavanagh, Q. Feng, I. Gauthier & M. A. Goodale - 1998 - Cognition 67:377.
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  43.  14
    James Campbell and Richard E. Hart , Experience as Philosophy: On the Work of John J. McDermott. [REVIEW]Douglas Browning - 2007 - Transactions of the Charles S. Peirce Society 43 (4):787-795.
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  44.  26
    Anonymity Conditions in Social Choice Theory.Donald E. Campbell & Peter C. Fishburn - 1980 - Theory and Decision 12 (1):21-39.
  45.  9
    Book Review Section 1. [REVIEW]Malcolm B. Campbell, Jim W. Garrison, Thomas C. Hunt, Barry Kanpol, Frank E. Stevens, Lynda Stone, Patricia G. Anthony & Ronald E. Butchart - 1995 - Educational Studies 26 (4):335-368.
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  46.  7
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Jack K. Campbell, Elmer A. Lemke, Margaret K. Yaure, Barbara Cutney, Dale H. Gleason, William T. Pink, Sandford W. Reitman & Lewis E. Cloud - 1979 - Educational Studies 10 (2):222-237.
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  47.  14
    Book Review Section 2. [REVIEW]Jack K. Campbell, William H. Young, James Palermo, Hilary E. Bender, William E. Roweton, William M. Bart, Dana T. Elmore, Ralph J. Erickson, William H. Schubert, Robert Paul Craig & Cynthia Porter-Gehrie - 1977 - Educational Studies 8 (3):285-309.
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  48.  12
    Barpress Variability as a Function of Two Methods of Body-Weight Control.Patrick E. Campbell, Brian M. Kruger & Catharine Barclay - 1978 - Bulletin of the Psychonomic Society 12 (5):344-346.
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  49.  16
    Does Anxiety Sensitivity Correlate with Startle Habituation? An Examination in Two Independent Samples.Miranda L. Campbell, Stephanie M. Gorka, Sarah K. McGowan, Brady D. Nelson, Casey Sarapas, Andrea C. Katz, E. Jenna Robison-Andrew & Stewart A. Shankman - 2014 - Cognition and Emotion 28 (1):46-58.
  50. Dignity of the Human Person in Relation to Biomedical Problems.A. V. E. Campbell - 2000 - Bioethics and Biolaw 2:103-11.
     
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