Results for 'E. Castellani'

1000+ found
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  1.  10
    Memory and Connectivity in Immune and Neural Network Models.F. Bersani, E. Verondini & G. C. Castellani - 2002 - In Serge P. Shohov (ed.), Advances in Psychology Research. Nova Science Publishers. pp. 12--1.
  2.  20
    A. Cappelli, E. Castellani, F. Colomo and P. Di Vecchia : The Birth of String Theory: Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 664 Pages, Hardback, ISBN: 9780521197908.Sebastian de Haro, Jans Henke & Darrell Tang - 2015 - Foundations of Physics 45 (6):657-660.
    The Birth of String Theory by Cappelli et al. tells the story of the beginnings of string theory and of the evolutionary process it has undergone from its origins in S-matrix theory to its current status as a candidate unification theory. The book is intended for an audience of students and researchers in physics, as well as historians and philosophers of science with some background in quantum field theory.In the 50s and early 60s, theoretical particle physics focused on formulating a (...)
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  3.  17
    Essay Review: Symmetries in Physics*K. Brading and E. Castellani, Eds., Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press , Xii+445 Pp. [REVIEW]Jordi Cat - 2006 - Philosophy of Science 73 (4):459-468.
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  4. Review. Interpreting Bodies: Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics. E Castellani [Ed]. [REVIEW]Ej Lowe - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (2):353-355.
  5.  23
    Early String Theory as a Challenging Case Study for Philosophers.Elena Castellani - unknown
    This is the final draft of Chapter 4 of the Volume 'The Birth of String Theory' edited by A. Cappelli, E. Castellani, F. Colomo, and P. Di Vecchia, Cambridge University Press, forthcoming.
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  6. Arte e tecnica in Benjamin e in Heidegger.Corrado Castellani - 1986 - Filosofia Oggi 9 (2):251-266.
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  7. Cinema e narrativa dagli anni Sessanta ad oggi.Leandro Castellani - 2006 - Studium 102 (4):607-617.
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  8.  7
    Elena Castellani (Ed.) Interpreting Bodies: Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics.E. J. Lowe - 2000 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 51 (2):353-356.
  9.  10
    Rapporti interteor1ci E teorie di Campo effettive.Elena Castellani - 2001 - In V. Fano, M. Stanzione & G. Tarozzi (eds.), Prospettive Della Logica E Della Filosofia Della Scienza. Rubettino. pp. 153.
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  10. Il Cinema E la Sfida Del Sacro.L. Castellani - 1998 - Studium 94 (1):89-102.
     
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  11. Recensioni/Reviews-Normativita logica e ragionamento di senso comune.F. Castellani, L. Montecucco & M. Vallebona - 1999 - Epistemologia 22 (2):339-342.
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  12.  20
    Una Famiglia e le sue Ricordanze: I Castellani di Firenze nel Trequattrocento.Giovanni Ciappelli.Lauro Martines - 1996 - Speculum 71 (3):707-708.
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  13.  14
    I Giornali delle Sperienze e Osservazioni Relativi alla Fisiologia della Generazione e alla Embriologia Sperimentale. Lazzaro Spallanzani, C. Castellani, V. G. Leone. [REVIEW]Jane M. Oppenheimer - 1979 - Isis 70 (3):469-469.
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  14.  45
    Abbri, F.–Segala, M., Segni e percorsi della modernità. Saggi in onore di Paolo Rossi, Arezzo, Università degli Studi di Siena, Dipartimento di studi storico-sociali e filosofici, 2000. Addante, P., La centralità della persona in Antonio Rosmini. Filoso-fia, etica, politica, diritto, Milazzo (Me), Edizioni Spes, 2000. [REVIEW]L. Bonesio, P. C. Bori, C. Carrara, F. Milano, E. Castellani, E. A. Colombo, P. Colonnello, Fm–Loche Crasta, A. Lussu & M. –Marcialis Mt - 2000 - Rivista di Filosofia 91 (3).
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  15.  37
    Atti del Congresso Internazionale di Filosofia a Roma, Nov. 1946. Vol. I: Il Materialismo Storico. Pp. lix, 453. 1,000 lire. Vol. II: L'Esistenzialismo. Pp. 577. 1,200 lire. (Milan: Castellani. 1947–1948.). [REVIEW]T. E. Jessop - 1949 - Philosophy 24 (90):279-.
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  16. Discerning Fermions.Simon Saunders & F. A. Muller - 2008 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 59 (3):499 - 548.
    We demonstrate that the quantum-mechanical description of composite physical systems of an arbitrary number of similar fermions in all their admissible states, mixed or pure, for all finite-dimensional Hilbert spaces, is not in conflict with Leibniz's Principle of the Identity of Indiscernibles (PII). We discern the fermions by means of physically meaningful, permutation-invariant categorical relations, i.e. relations independent of the quantum-mechanical probabilities. If, indeed, probabilistic relations are permitted as well, we argue that similar bosons can also be discerned in all (...)
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  17.  38
    A First Class Constraint Generates Not a Gauge Transformation, But a Bad Physical Change: The Case of Electromagnetism.J. Brian Pitts - unknown
    In Dirac-Bergmann constrained dynamics, a first-class constraint typically does not _alone_ generate a gauge transformation. By direct calculation it is found that each first-class constraint in Maxwell's theory generates a change in the electric field E by an arbitrary gradient, spoiling Gauss's law. The secondary first-class constraint p^i,_i=0 still holds, but being a function of derivatives of momenta, it is not directly about E. Only a special combination of the two first-class constraints, the Anderson-Bergmann -Castellani gauge generator G, leaves (...)
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  18. Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections.Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.) - 2002 - Cambridge University Press.
    Highlighting main issues and controversies, this book brings together current philosophical discussions of symmetry in physics to provide an introduction to the subject for physicists and philosophers. The contributors cover all the fundamental symmetries of modern physics, such as CPT and permutation symmetry, as well as discussing symmetry-breaking and general interpretational issues. Classic texts are followed by new review articles and shorter commentaries for each topic. Suitable for courses on the foundations of physics, philosophy of physics and philosophy of science, (...)
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  19. Symmetries and Invariances in Classical Physics.Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani - unknown - In Jeremy Butterfield & John Earman (eds.). Elsevier.
    Symmetry, intended as invariance with respect to a transformation (more precisely, with respect to a transformation group), has acquired more and more importance in modern physics. This Chapter explores in 8 Sections the meaning, application and interpretation of symmetry in classical physics. This is done both in general, and with attention to specific topics. The general topics include illustration of the distinctions between symmetries of objects and of laws, and between symmetry principles and symmetry arguments (such as Curie's principle), and (...)
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  20. Reductionism, Emergence, and Effective Field Theories.Elena Castellani - 2000 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (2):251-267.
    In recent years, a ''change in attitude'' in particle physics has led to our understanding current quantum field theories as effective field theories (EFTs). The present paper is concerned with the significance of this EFT approach, especially from the viewpoint of the debate on reductionism in science. In particular, I shall show how EFTs provide a new and interesting case study in current philosophical discussion on reduction, emergence, and inter-level relationships in general.
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  21.  55
    Interpreting Bodies.Elena Castellani (ed.) - 1998 - Princeton University Press.
    Bewildering features of modern physics, such as relativistic space-time structure and the peculiarities of so-called quantum statistics, challenge traditional ways of conceiving of objects in space and time. Interpreting Bodies brings together essays by leading philosophers and scientists to provide a unique overview of the implications of such physical theories for questions about the nature of objects. The collection combines classic articles by Max Born, Werner Heisenberg, Hans Reichenbach, and Erwin Schrodinger with recent contributions, including several papers that have never (...)
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  22.  47
    Galilean Particles: An Example of Constitution of Objects.Elena Castellani - unknown
    A draft version of Chapter 11 of the edited volume 'Interpreting Bodies. Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics',. The Chapter is devoted to illustrating the group-theoretic approach to the issue of physical objects. In particular, the Chapter discusses the group-theoretic constitution of classical and quantum particles in the nonrelativistic case.
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  23.  24
    Introduction to Special Issue on Dualities.Elena Castellani & Dean Rickles - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 59:1-5.
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  24.  15
    Reductionism, Emergence, and Effective Field Theories.Elena Castellani - 2002 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 33 (2):251-267.
    In recent years, a change in attitude in particle physics has led to our understanding current quantum field theories as effective field theories. The present paper is concerned with the significance of this EFT approach, especially from the viewpoint of the debate on reductionism in science. In particular, it is a purpose of this paper to clarify how EFTs may provide an interesting case-study in current philosophical discussion on reduction, emergence and inter-level relationships in general.
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  25.  59
    On the Meaning of Symmetry Breaking.Elena Castellani - unknown
    This is the review paper for the section III ("Symmetry breaking") of the volume "Symmetries in physics: philosophical reflections", Cambridge University Press, 2003, edited by Katherine A. Brading and Elena Castellani. The paper's sections are: 1. Preliminaries (I); 2. Symmetry breaking and Curie's analysis; 3. Preliminaries (II); 4. Symmetry breaking of physical laws (4.1. Explicit symmetry breaking; 4.2. Spontaneous symmetry breaking); 5. Symmetry breaking and philosophical questions.
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  26.  67
    Duality and ‘Particle’ Democracy.Elena Castellani - 2017 - Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics 59:100-108.
    Weak/strong duality is usually accompanied by what seems a puzzling ontological feature: the fact that under this kind of duality what is viewed as 'elementary' in one description gets mapped to what is viewed as 'composite' in the dual description. This paper investigates the meaning of this apparent 'particle democracy', as it has been called, by adopting an historical approach. The aim is to clarify the nature of the correspondence between 'dual particles' in the light of an historical analysis of (...)
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  27.  74
    Dualities and Intertheoretic Relations.Elena Castellani - 2009 - In Mauricio Suarez, Mauro Dorato & Miklos Redei (eds.), EPSA Philosophical Issues in the Sciences · Launch of the European Philosophy of Science Association. Springer. pp. 9--19.
    This is the first of two papers concerned with the philosophical significance of dualities as applied in recent fundamental physics. The general idea is that, for its peculiarity, this ‘new’ ingredient in theory construction can open unexpected perspectives in the current philosophical reflection on contemporary physics. In particular, today’s physical dualities represent an unusual type of intertheory relation, the meaning of which deserves to be investigated. The aim is to show how discussing this point brings into play, at the same (...)
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  28.  51
    Which Curie's Principle.Elena Castellani & Jenann Ismael - 2016 - Philosophy of Science 83 (5):1002-1013.
    Is there more that one "Curie's principle"? How far are different formulations legitimate? What are the aspects that make it so scientifically fruitful, independently of how it is formulated? The paper is devoted to exploring these questions. We start with illustrating Curie's original 1894 article and his focus. Then, we consider the way that the discussion of the principle took shape from early commentators to its modern form. We say why we think that the modern focus on the inter-state version (...)
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  29.  85
    Symmetry, Quantum Mechanics, and Beyond.Elena Castellani - 2002 - Foundations of Science 7 (1-2):181-196.
    The relevance of symmetry to today's physics is a widely acknowledged fact. A significant part of recent physical inquiry – especially the physics concerned with investigating the fundamentalbuilding blocks of nature – is grounded on symmetry principles andtheir many and far-reaching consequences. But where these symmetries come from and what their real meaning is are open questions, at the center of a developing debate among physicists and philosophers of science. To tackle the problems arising in considering the symmetry issue is (...)
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  30.  12
    Cases, Clusters, Densities: Modeling the Nonlinear Dynamics of Complex Health Trajectories.Brian Castellani, Rajeev Rajaram, Jane Gunn & Frances Griffiths - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):160-180.
  31.  81
    Alfred Schutz and Herbert Simon: Can Their Action Theories Work Together?Marco Castellani - 2013 - Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 43 (4):383-404.
    This paper combines Alfred Shultz and Herbert Simon's theories of action in order to understand the grey area between dynamic and completely unstructured decision making better. As a result I have put together a specific scheme of how choice elements are represented from an agent's personal experience, so as to create a bridge between the phenomenological and cognitive-procedural approaches of decision making. I first look at the key points of their original models relating Alfred Schutz's “provinces of meaning” and Herbert (...)
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  32.  7
    Past the Power Law: Complex Systems and the Limiting Law of Restricted Diversity.Brian Castellani & Rajeev Rajaram - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S2):99-112.
  33.  17
    Duality, Fundamentality, and Emergence.Elena Castellani & Sebastian De Haro - unknown
    We argue that dualities offer new possibilities for relating fundamentality, levels, and emergence. Namely, dualities often relate two theories whose hierarchies of levels are inverted relative to each other, and so allow for new fundamentality relations, as well as for epistemic emergence. We find that the direction of emergence typically found in these cases is opposite to the direction of emergence followed in the standard accounts. Namely, the standard emergence direction is that of decreasing fundamentality: there is emergence of less (...)
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  34.  57
    Leibniz's Principle, Physics, and the Language of Physics.Elena Castellani & Peter Mittelstaedt - 2000 - Foundations of Physics 30 (10):1587-1604.
    This paper is concerned with the problem of the validity of Leibniz's principle of the identity of indiscernibles in physics. After briefly surveying how the question is currently discussed in recent literature and which is the actual meaning of the principle for what concerns physics, we address the question of the physical validity of Leibniz's principle in terms of the existence of a sufficient number of naming predicates in the formal language of physics. This approach allows us to obtain in (...)
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  35.  10
    Exploring Comorbid Depression and Physical Health Trajectories: A Case-Based Computational Modelling Approach.Brian Castellani, Frances Griffiths, Rajeev Rajaram & Jane Gunn - 2018 - Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice 24 (6):1293-1309.
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  36.  10
    Scientific Methodology: A View From Early String Theory.Elena Castellani - unknown
    This paper addresses the question as to whether the methodology followed in building/assessing string theory can be considered scientific in the same sense, say, that the methodology followed in building/assessing the Standard Model of particle physics is scientific, by focussing on the "founding" period of the theory. More precisely, its aim is to argue for a positive answer to the above question – there is no real change of scientific status in the way of proceeding and reasoning in fundamental physical (...)
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  37.  30
    Symmetry and Symmetry Breaking.Katherine Brading & Elena Castellani - forthcoming - The Standford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
    Symmetry considerations dominate modern fundamental physics, both in quantum theory and in relativity. Philosophers are now beginning to devote increasing attention to such issues as the significance of gauge symmetry, quantum particle identity in the light of permutation symmetry, how to make sense of parity violation, the role of symmetry breaking, the empirical status of symmetry principles, and so forth. These issues relate directly to traditional problems in the philosophy of science, including the status of the laws of nature, the (...)
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  38.  24
    Symmetry and Equivalence.Elena Castellani - 2003 - In Katherine A. Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press. pp. 425--436.
  39.  13
    Epistemic Consequences of Bibliometrics-Based Evaluation: Insights From the Scientific Community.Tommaso Castellani, Emanuele Pontecorvo & Adriana Valente - 2016 - Social Epistemology 30 (4):398-419.
    The aim of this paper is to investigate the consequences of the bibliometrics-based evaluation system of scientific production on the contents and methods of sciences. The research has been conducted by means of in-depth interviews to a multi-disciplinary panel of Italian researchers. We discuss the implications of bibliometrics-based evaluation on the choice of the research topic, on the experimental practices, on the dissemination habits. We observe that the validation of the bibliometrics-based evaluation practices relies on the acceptance and diffusion within (...)
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  40. Interpreting Bodies Classical and Quantum Objects in Modern Physics.Elena Castellani (ed.) - 1998
    Bewildering features of modern physics, such as relativistic space-time structure and the peculiarities of so-called quantum statistics, challenge traditional ways of conceiving of objects in space and time. Interpreting Bodies brings together essays by leading philosophers and scientists to provide a unique overview of the implications of such physical theories for questions about the nature of objects. The collection combines classic articles by Max Born, Werner Heisenberg, Hans Reichenbach, and Erwin Schrodinger with recent contributions, including several papers that have never (...)
     
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  41.  15
    Dirac on Gauges and Constraints.Elena Castellani - unknown
    This paper is devoted to examining the relevance of Dirac's view on the use of transformation theory and invariants in modern physics --- as it emerges from his 1930 book on quantum mechanics as well as from his later work on singular theories and constraints --- to current reflections on the meaning of physical symmetries, especially gauge symmetries.
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  42.  7
    Spermatozoan Biology From Leeuwenhoek to Spallanzani.Carlo Castellani - 1973 - Journal of the History of Biology 6 (1):37-68.
  43.  5
    The Land Where the Sun Rises.Victor Castellani - 2020 - The European Legacy 26 (1):75-80.
    This hefty volume amounts to a chronological encyclopedia on the history and culture of a region that draws its other name “Anatolia” from a European perspective, “Land of the Sunrise.” It ranges f...
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  44.  9
    Book Review: The Mediterranean Revisited. [REVIEW]Vittorio Castellani - 2004 - Diogenes 51 (4):89-91.
    This is a multi-authored review of a book that is extremely rich and lengthy (43 chapters, among whose titles are: Chapter III, In the name of the Lord God, this round Earth of the Ancients becomes flat again. Or perhaps not? (In which - by way of preface - the story is told of how our great Sphere, which was measured and drawn by Egyptian Alexandria, became a Mystery, Sacrilege and dark until ten years ago); Chapter X, Strabo: ‘The Pillars? (...)
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  45.  47
    Modeling Complex Systems Macroscopically: Case/Agent‐Based Modeling, Synergetics, and the Continuity Equation.Rajeev Rajaram & Brian Castellani - 2013 - Complexity 18 (2):8-17.
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  46.  6
    Classic Texts: Extracts From Leibniz, Kant, and Black.Katherine A. Brading & Elena Castellani - 2003 - In Katherine A. Brading & Elena Castellani (eds.), Symmetries in Physics: Philosophical Reflections. Cambridge University Press. pp. 203.
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  47.  7
    The Utility of Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics, Specifically Transport Theory, for Modeling Cohort Data.Rajeev Rajaram & Brian Castellani - 2015 - Complexity 20 (4):45-57.
  48. G. E. Moore: Selected Writings.G. E. Moore - 1993 - Routledge.
    G.E. Moore, more than either Bertrand Russell or Ludwig Wittgenstein, was chiefly responsible for the rise of the analytic method in twentieth-century philosophy. This selection of his writings shows Moore at his very best. The classic essays are crucial to major philosophical debates that still resonate today. Amongst those included are: * A Defense of Common Sense * Certainty * Sense-Data * External and Internal Relations * Hume's Theory Explained * Is Existence a Predicate? * Proof of an External World (...)
     
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  49.  42
    The Birth of String Theory: Introduction and Synopsis.Andrea Cappelli, Elena Castellani, Filippo Colomo & Paolo Di Vecchia - unknown
    This is a draft of the introduction to the collective volume "The birth of string theory", including the book's index and preface. The book explores the history of the theory’s early stages of development, as told by its main protagonists. It journeys from the first version of the theory in the late 1960s, as an attempt to describe the physics of strong interactions outside the framework of quantum field theory, to its reinterpretation around the mid-1970s as a quantum theory of (...)
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  50.  40
    Allostatic Load as a Complex Clinical Construct: A Case-Based Computational Modeling Approach.J. Galen Buckwalter, Brian Castellani, Bruce Mcewen, Arun S. Karlamangla, Albert A. Rizzo, Bruce John, Kyle O'donnell & Teresa Seeman - 2016 - Complexity 21 (S1):291-306.
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