Results for 'E. Chemla'

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  1.  80
    Experimental Evidence for Embedded Scalar Implicatures.E. Chemla & B. Spector - 2011 - Journal of Semantics 28 (3):359-400.
    Scalar implicatures are traditionally viewed as pragmatic inferences that result from a reasoning about speakers' communicative intentions (Grice 1989). This view has been challenged in recent years by theories that propose that scalar implicatures are a grammatical phenomenon. Such theories claim that scalar implicatures can be computed in embedded positions and enter into the recursive computation of meaning—something that is not expected under the traditional pragmatic view. Recently, Geurts and Pouscoulous (2009) presented an experimental study in which embedded scalar implicatures (...)
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  2.  28
    An Epistemic Step for Anti-Presuppositions.E. Chemla - 2008 - Journal of Semantics 25 (2):141-173.
    Sentence (1) strongly suggests that the speaker does not have a sister:(1)John believes that I have a sister.a.Alternative:John knows that I have a sister.b.Actual inference:The speaker does not have a sister.c.Predicted inference:It is not common belief that the speaker has a sister.According to Heim (1991), Percus (2006), and Sauerland (2006), this inference should follow from the comparison of (1) to (1a). However, such an analysis would only predict a very weak implicature: it is not common belief that the speaker has (...)
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  3.  8
    Karine Chemla; Renaud Chorlay; David Rabouin . The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences. Xii + 507 Pp., Figs., Index. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. £95. [REVIEW]David E. Rowe - 2017 - Isis 108 (4):872-873.
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  4.  17
    Karine Chemla . The History of Mathematical Proof in Ancient Traditions. Xv + 596 Pp., Tables, Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2012. $177. [REVIEW]Byron E. Wall - 2014 - Isis 105 (4):836-837.
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  5.  7
    On the Role of Alternatives in the Acquisition of Simple and Complex Disjunctions in French and Japanese.L. Tieu, K. Yatsushiro, A. Cremers, J. Romoli, U. Sauerland & E. Chemla - 2016 - Journal of Semantics:ffw010.
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  6. Incremental Vs. Symmetric Accounts of Presupposition Projection: An Experimental Approach.Emmanuel Chemla & Philippe Schlenker - 2012 - Natural Language Semantics 20 (2):177-226.
    The presupposition triggered by an expression E is generally satisfied by information that comes before rather than after E in the sentence or discourse. In Heim’s classic theory (1983), this left-right asymmetry is encoded in the lexical semantics of dynamic connectives and operators. But several recent analyses offer a more nuanced approach, in which presupposition satisfaction has two separate components: a general principle (which varies from theory to theory) specifies under what conditions a presupposition triggered by an expression E is (...)
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  7.  16
    Connectedness as a constraint on exhaustification.Émile Enguehard & Emmanuel Chemla - 2019 - Linguistics and Philosophy 44 (1):1-34.
    “Scalar implicatures” is a phrase used to refer to some inferences arising from the competition between alternatives: typically, “Mary read some of the books” ends up conveying that Mary did not read all books, because one could have said “Mary read all books”. The so-called grammatical theory argues that these inferences obtain from the application of a covert operator \, which not only has the capability to negate alternative sentences, but also the capability to be embedded within sentences under other (...)
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  8.  8
    Connectedness as a constraint on exhaustification.Émile Enguehard & Emmanuel Chemla - 2021 - Linguistics and Philosophy 44 (1):79-112.
    “Scalar implicatures” is a phrase used to refer to some inferences arising from the competition between alternatives: typically, “Mary read some of the books” ends up conveying that Mary did not read all books, because one could have said “Mary read all books”. The so-called grammatical theory argues that these inferences obtain from the application of a covert operator \, which not only has the capability to negate alternative sentences, but also the capability to be embedded within sentences under other (...)
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  9.  38
    Connecting Content and Logical Words.Emmanuel Chemla, Brian Buccola & Isabelle Dautriche - 2019 - Journal of Semantics 36 (3):531-547.
    Content words are generally connected: there are no gaps in their denotations; no noun means ‘table or shoe’ or ‘animal or house’. We explore a formulation of connectedness which is applicable to content and logical words alike, and which compares well with the classic notion of monotonicity for quantifiers. On a first inspection, logical words satisfy this generalized version of the connectedness property at least as well as content words do — that is, both in terms of what may be (...)
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  10. Modularity and Intuitions in Formal Semantics: The Case of Polarity Items.Emmanuel Chemla, Vincent Homer & Daniel Rothschild - 2011 - Linguistics and Philosophy 34 (6):537-570.
    Linguists often sharply distinguish the different modules that support linguistics competence, e.g., syntax, semantics, pragmatics. However, recent work has identified phenomena in syntax (polarity sensitivity) and pragmatics (implicatures), which seem to rely on semantic properties (monotonicity). We propose to investigate these phenomena and their connections as a window into the modularity of our linguistic knowledge. We conducted a series of experiments to gather the relevant syntactic, semantic and pragmatic judgments within a single paradigm. The comparison between these quantitative data leads (...)
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  11. The Problem of the Empirical Basis: E. G. Zahars.E. G. Zahar - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:45-74.
    In this paper I shall venture into an area with which I am not very familiar and in which I feel far from confident; namely into phenomenology. My main motive is not to get away from standard, boring, methodological questions like those of induction and demarcation; but the conviction that a phenomenological account of the empirical basis forms a necessary complement to Popper's falsificationism. According to the latter, a scientific theory is a synthetic and universal, hence unverifiable proposition. In fact, (...)
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  12. Martha E. Rogers Her Life and Her Work.Martha E. Rogers, Violet M. Malinski, Elizabeth Ann Manhart Barrett & John R. Phillips - 1994
     
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  13. Zettel. Edited by G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. Von Wright.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. M. Anscombe & G. H. von Wright - 1967 - Blackwell.
     
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  14.  25
    Two Methods to Find Truth-Value Gaps and Their Application to the Projection Problem of Homogeneity.Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (3):205-248.
    Presupposition, vagueness, and oddness can lead to some sentences failing to have a clear truth value. The homogeneity property of plural predication with definite descriptions may also create truth-value gaps: The books are written in Dutch is true if all relevant books are in Dutch, false if none of them are, and neither true nor false if, say, half of the books are written in Dutch. We study the projection property of homogeneity by deploying methods of general interest to identify (...)
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  15. Experimenting on Contextualism.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (3):286-321.
    This paper concerns the central method of generating evidence in support of contextualist theories, what we call context shifting experiments. We begin by explaining the standard design of context shifting experiments, which are used in both quantitative surveys and more traditional thought experiments to show how context affects the content of natural language expressions. We discuss some recent experimental studies that have tried and failed to find evidence that confirms contextualist predictions about the results of context shifting experiments, and consider (...)
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  16. Erfahrung Und Erfahrungswissenschaft Die Frage des Zusammenhangs Wissenschaftlicher Und Gesellschaftlicher Entwicklung, Hrsg. Von Rolf E. Vente. Mit Beiträgen von O.F. Bollnow [Et Al.]. [REVIEW]Rolf E. Vente & Otto Friedrich Bollnow - 1974 - W. Kohlhammer.
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  17. Color Adjectives, Standards, and Thresholds: An Experimental Investigation.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2017 - Linguistics and Philosophy 40 (3):1--40.
    Are color adjectives ("red", "green", etc.) relative adjectives or absolute adjectives? Existing theories of the meaning of color adjectives attempt to answer that question using informal ("armchair") judgments. The informal judgments of theorists conflict: it has been proposed that color adjectives are absolute with standards anchored at the minimum degree on the scale, that they are absolute but have near-midpoint standards, and that they are relative. In this paper we report two experiments, one based on entailment patterns and one based (...)
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  18.  48
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  19.  44
    Monkey Semantics: Two ‘Dialects’ of Campbell’s Monkey Alarm Calls.Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla, Kate Arnold, Alban Lemasson, Karim Ouattara, Sumir Keenan, Claudia Stephan, Robin Ryder & Klaus Zuberbühler - 2014 - Linguistics and Philosophy 37 (6):439-501.
    We develop a formal semantic analysis of the alarm calls used by Campbell’s monkeys in the Tai forest and on Tiwai island —two sites that differ in the main predators that the monkeys are exposed to. Building on data discussed in Ouattara et al. :e7808, 2009a; PNAS 106: 22026–22031, 2009b and Arnold et al., we argue that on both sites alarm calls include the roots krak and hok, which can optionally be affixed with -oo, a kind of attenuating suffix; in (...)
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  20.  10
    The Geography of Thought: How Asians and Westerners Think Differently ... And Why.Richard E. Nisbett - 2003 - Nicholas Brealey Publishing.
    An eminent psychologist boldly takes on the presumptions of evolutionary psychology in an engaging exploration of the divergent ways Eastern and Western societies see and understand the world.
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  21.  15
    Texts, Textual Acts and the History of Science.Karine Chemla & Jacques Virbel - unknown
    The book presents the outcomes of an innovative research programme in the history of science and implements a Text Act Theory which extends Speech Act Theory, in order to illustrate a new approach to texts and textual communicative acts. It examines assertives (absolute or conditional statements, forecasts, insurance, etc.), directives, declarations and enumerations, as well as different types of textual units allowing authors to perform these acts: algorithms, recipes, prescriptions, lexical templates for terminological studies and enumerative structures. The book relies (...)
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  22.  12
    Conceptual alternatives: Competition in language and beyond.Brian Buccola, Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2022 - Linguistics and Philosophy 45 (2):265-291.
    Things we can say, and the ways in which we can say them, compete with one another. And this has consequences: words we decide not to pronounce have critical effects on the messages we end up conveying. For instance, in saying Chris is a good teacher, we may convey that Chris is not an amazing teacher. How this happens is an unsolvable problem, unless a theory of alternatives indicates what counts, among all the things that have not been pronounced. It (...)
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  23.  28
    Experimenting on Contextualism.Emmanuel Chemla Nat Hansen - 2013 - Mind and Language 28 (3):286-321.
    In this article we refine the design of context shifting experiments, which play a central role in contextualist debates, and we subject a large number of scenarios involving different types of expressions of interest to contextualists, including ‘know’ and color adjectives like ‘green’, to experimental investigation. Our experiment reveals an effect of changing contexts on the evaluation of uses of the sentences that we examine, thereby overturning the absence of results reported in previous experimental studies , uncovers evidence for a (...)
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  24. Critical Responses to Josiah Royce, 1885-1916 / Edited and Introduced by Randall E. Auxier.Josiah Royce & Randall E. Auxier - 2000
     
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  25. Eclipse of the Self the Development of Heidegger's Concept of Authenticity /Michael E. Zimmerman. --. --.Michael E. Zimmerman - 1982 - Ohio University Press,, C1981 1982.
     
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  26.  1
    Rob Boddice. Humane Professions: The Defense of Experimental Medicine, 1876–1914. X + 204 Pp., Illus., Index. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2021. £75 (Cloth); ISBN 9781108490092. E-Book Available. [REVIEW]Sarah E. Naramore - 2022 - Isis 113 (2):454-455.
  27. Presuppositions of Quantified Sentences: Experimental Data. [REVIEW]Emmanuel Chemla - 2009 - Natural Language Semantics 17 (4):299-340.
    Some theories assume that sentences like (i) with a presupposition trigger in the scope of a quantifier carry an existential presupposition, as in (ii); others assume that they carry a universal presupposition, as in (iii). No student knows that he is lucky. Existential presupposition: At least one student is lucky.Universal presupposition: Every student is lucky. This work is an experimental investigation of this issue in French. Native speakers were recruited to evaluate the robustness of the inference from (i) to (iii). (...)
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  28.  30
    K. Chemla Ed. The History of Mathematical Proof in Ancient Traditions. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, . Pp. 612. £100. 9781107012219. [REVIEW]Michalis Slalaros - 2014 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 134:267-268.
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  29.  60
    MERRINGTON, E. N. -The Problem of Personality. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1917 - Mind 26:489.
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  30.  9
    Karine Chemla;, Guo Shuchun. Les Neuf Chapitres: Le Classique Mathématique de la Chine Ancienne Et Ses Commentaires. Preface by, Geoffrey Lloyd. Xvi + 1,117 Pp., Table, Notes, Bibls., Indexes. Paris: Dunod, 2004. [REVIEW]Lisa Raphals - 2007 - Isis 98 (1):175-176.
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  31. Linguistic Experiments and Ordinary Language Philosophy.Nat Hansen & Emmanuel Chemla - 2015 - Ratio 28 (4):422-445.
    J.L. Austin is regarded as having an especially acute ear for fine distinctions of meaning overlooked by other philosophers. Austin employs an informal experimental approach to gathering evidence in support of these fine distinctions in meaning, an approach that has become a standard technique for investigating meaning in both philosophy and linguistics. In this paper, we subject Austin's methods to formal experimental investigation. His methods produce mixed results: We find support for his most famous distinction, drawn on the basis of (...)
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  32.  25
    Processing Inferences at the Semantics/Pragmatics Frontier: Disjunctions and Free Choice.Emmanuel Chemla & Lewis Bott - 2014 - Cognition 130 (3):380-396.
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  33.  2
    Archaeology in the Making: Conversations Through a Discipline with Susan E. Alcock [Et Al.].William L. Rathje, Michael Shanks, Christopher Witmore & Susan E. Alcock (eds.) - 2012 - Routledge.
    Archaeology in the Making is a collection of bold statements about archaeology, its history, how it works, and why it is more important than ever. This book comprises conversations about archaeology among some of its notable contemporary figures. They delve deeply into the questions that have come to fascinate archaeologists over the last forty years or so, those that concern major events in human history such as the origins of agriculture and the state, and questions about the way archaeologists go (...)
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  34. J. E. Erdmann, Grundriss der Geschichte der Philosophie. 4. Aufl. bearb. von Benno Erdmann. [REVIEW]E. Adickes - 1899 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 3:344.
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  35. BRÉHIER, É. -Histoire de la Philosophie, Tome II, 1. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1930 - Mind 39:526.
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  36. JOURDAIN, E. F. -On the Theory of the Infinite in Modern Thought. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1911 - Mind 20:437.
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  37. ROLFES, E. -Die Philosophie des Aristoteles Als Naturerklärung Und Weltanschauung. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1925 - Mind 34:105.
     
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  38. URWICK, E. J. -The Message of Plato. [REVIEW]A. E. T. A. E. T. - 1921 - Mind 30:235.
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  39. E. W. BETH, "Mathematical Thought. An Introduction to the Philosophy of Mathematics". [REVIEW]E. Agazzi - 1967 - Rivista di Filosofia Neo-Scolastica 59:251.
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  40.  5
    What Do Monkey Calls Mean?Philippe Schlenker, Emmanuel Chemla & Klaus Zuberbühler - 2016 - Trends in Cognitive Sciences 20 (12):894-904.
  41. Il Problema Dei Valori l'Etica di G.E. Moore.Giulio Preti & G. E. Moore - 1986 - F. Angeli.
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  42.  17
    Suszko’s Problem: Mixed Consequence and Compositionality.Emmanuel Chemla & Paul Égré - 2019 - Review of Symbolic Logic 12 (4):736-767.
    Suszko’s problem is the problem of finding the minimal number of truth values needed to semantically characterize a syntactic consequence relation. Suszko proved that every Tarskian consequence relation can be characterized using only two truth values. Malinowski showed that this number can equal three if some of Tarski’s structural constraints are relaxed. By so doing, Malinowski introduced a case of so-called mixed consequence, allowing the notion of a designated value to vary between the premises and the conclusions of an argument. (...)
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  43.  46
    Scalar Implicatures of Embedded Disjunction.Luka Crnič, Emmanuel Chemla & Danny Fox - 2015 - Natural Language Semantics 23 (4):271-305.
    Sentences with disjunction in the scope of a universal quantifier, Every A is P or Q, tend to give rise to distributive inferences that each of the disjuncts holds of at least one individual in the domain of the quantifier, Some A is P & Some A is Q. These inferences are standardly derived as an entailment of the meaning of the sentence together with the scalar implicature that it is not the case that either disjunct holds of every individual (...)
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  44.  50
    Synthesis as a Stage in the History of Mathematics.Katrine Chemla & Thomas Epstein - 1992 - Diogenes 40 (160):95-111.
  45.  32
    A Psycholinguistic Study of the Exhaustive Readings of Embedded Questions.Alexandre Cremers & Emmanuel Chemla - 2016 - Journal of Semantics 33 (1):49-85.
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  46.  2
    Children's Acquisition of Homogeneity in Plural Definite Descriptions.Lyn Tieu, Manuel Križ & Emmanuel Chemla - 2019 - Frontiers in Psychology 10.
  47.  11
    Karine Chemla, Renaud Chorlay, and David Rabouin, Eds. The Oxford Handbook of Generality in Mathematics and the Sciences. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016. Pp. Xi+528. $150.00 ; $120.00. [REVIEW]Christophe Eckes - 2018 - Hopos: The Journal of the International Society for the History of Philosophy of Science 8 (1):214-217.
  48.  13
    From Many-Valued Consequence to Many-Valued Connectives.Emmanuel Chemla & Paul Egré - 2019 - Synthese 198 (S22):5315-5352.
    Given a consequence relation in many-valued logic, what connectives can be defined? For instance, does there always exist a conditional operator internalizing the consequence relation, and which form should it take? In this paper, we pose this question in a multi-premise multi-conclusion setting for the class of so-called intersective mixed consequence relations, which extends the class of Tarskian relations. Using computer-aided methods, we answer extensively for 3-valued and 4-valued logics, focusing not only on conditional operators, but also on what we (...)
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  49.  62
    Th E View From Here: On Affi Rmation, Attachment, and the Limits of Regret.R. Jay Wallace - 2013 - Oup Usa.
    The View from Here is a study of our must fundamental attitudes toward the past. The book explores the dynamics of affirmation and regret, tracing the connections of each to our ongoing attachments. The focus is on situations in which our attachments commit us to affirming events or decisions that we know to have been unfortunate or regrettable.
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  50. Journeys Through Philosophy a Classical Introduction /Edited by Nicholas Capaldi, Eugene Kelly, and Luis E. Navia. --.Luis E. Navia, Nicholas Capaldi & Eugene Kelly - 1982 - Prometheus Books, 1982.
     
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