Results for 'E. Fioratou'

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  1.  64
    Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach.E. Fioratou & K. J. Gilhooly - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
    This study investigated the roles of the executive functions of inhibition and switching, and of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities, in insight and non-insight tasks. A total of 18 insight tasks, 10 non-insight tasks, and measures of individual differences in working memory capacities, switching, and inhibition were administered to 120 participants. Performance on insight problems was not linked with executive functions of inhibition or switching but was linked positively to measures of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities. Non-insight task (...)
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  2.  60
    Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach.K. J. Gilhooly & E. Fioratou - 2009 - Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
  3.  18
    Insightful Thinking: Cognitive Dynamics and Material Artifacts.Evridiki Fioratou & Stephen J. Cowley - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (3):549-572.
    We trace how cognition arises beyond the skin. Experimental work on insight problem solving is used to examine how external artifacts can be used to reach the goal of assembling a `cheap necklace'. Instead of asking how insight occurs `in the head', our participants in Experiment 1 can either draw solution attempts or manipulate real objects . Even though performance with real chain links is significantly more successful than on paper, access to objects does not make this insight problem simple: (...)
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  4.  1
    Insightful Thinking: Cognitive Dynamics and Material Artifacts.Evridiki Fioratou & Stephen J. Cowley - 2009 - Pragmatics and Cognition 17 (3):549-572.
    We trace how cognition arises beyond the skin. Experimental work on insight problem solving is used to examine how external artifacts can be used to reach the goal of assembling a ‘cheap necklace’. Instead of asking how insight occurs ‘in the head’, our participants in Experiment 1 can either draw solution attempts or manipulate real objects. Even though performance with real chain links is significantly more successful than on paper, access to objects does not make this insight problem simple: objects (...)
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  5. G. E. Moore: Selected Writings.G. E. Moore - 1993 - Routledge.
    G.E. Moore, more than either Bertrand Russell or Ludwig Wittgenstein, was chiefly responsible for the rise of the analytic method in twentieth-century philosophy. This selection of his writings shows Moore at his very best. The classic essays are crucial to major philosophical debates that still resonate today. Amongst those included are: * A Defense of Common Sense * Certainty * Sense-Data * External and Internal Relations * Hume's Theory Explained * Is Existence a Predicate? * Proof of an External World (...)
     
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  6.  87
    Review: The Work of E. T. Jaynes on Probability, Statistics and Statistical Physics. [REVIEW]E. T. Jaynes, D. A. Lavis & P. J. Milligan - 1985 - British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 36 (2):193 - 210.
    An important contribution to the foundations of probability theory, statistics and statistical physics has been made by E. T. Jaynes. The recent publication of his collected works provides an appropriate opportunity to attempt an assessment of this contribution.
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  7.  35
    Facts, Freedom and Foreknowledge: E. M. Zemach and D. Widerker.E. M. Zemach - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (1):19-28.
    Is God's foreknowledge compatible with human freedom? One of the most attractive attempts to reconcile the two is the Ockhamistic view, which subscribes not only to human freedom and divine omniscience, but retains our most fundamental intuitions concerning God and time: that the past is immutable, that God exists and acts in time, and that there is no backward causation. In order to achieve all that, Ockhamists distinguish ‘hard facts’ about the past which cannot possibly be altered from ‘soft facts’ (...)
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  8.  20
    Natural Kinds: T. E. Wilkerson.T. E. Wilkerson - 1988 - Philosophy 63 (243):29-42.
    What is a natural kind ? As we shall see, the concept of a natural kind has a long history. Many of the interesting doctrines can be detected in Aristotle, were revived by Locke and Leibniz, and have again become fashionable in recent years. Equally there has been agreement about certain paradigm examples: the kinds oak, stickleback and gold are natural kinds, and the kinds table, nation and banknote are not. Sadly agreement does not extend much further. It is impossible (...)
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  9.  20
    The Principles of Mechanics. Edited by D.E. Jones and James Walley.E. A. Singer, Henrich Hertz, D. E. Jones & J. T. Walley - 1900 - Philosophical Review 9 (6):676.
  10.  53
    Conhecimento e identidade histórica em Sartre.Franklin Leopoldo E. Silva - 2003 - Trans/Form/Ação 26 (2):43-64.
    O presente texto procura acompanhar alguns aspectos da reconstrução sartreana das relações entre indivíduo e história, tentando mostrar que a fenomenologia e o materialismo dialético comparecem nessa proposta de conhecimento e que é a convergência das duas perspectivas que permite, contemplando adequadamente a universalidade e a singularidade, descrever e compreender dialeticamente o modo histórico de produção da identidade individual.
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  11.  40
    Equality of Talent: John E. Roemer.John E. Roemer - 1985 - Economics and Philosophy 1 (2):151-188.
    If one is an egalitarian, what should one want to equalize? Opportunities or outcomes? Resources or welfare? These positions are usually conceived to be very different. I argue in this paper that the distinction is misconceived: the only coherent conception of resource equality implies welfare equality, in an appropriately abstract description of the problem. In this section, I motivate the program which the rest of the paper carries out.
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  12. The Problem of the Empirical Basis: E. G. Zahars.E. G. Zahar - 1995 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 39:45-74.
    In this paper I shall venture into an area with which I am not very familiar and in which I feel far from confident; namely into phenomenology. My main motive is not to get away from standard, boring, methodological questions like those of induction and demarcation; but the conviction that a phenomenological account of the empirical basis forms a necessary complement to Popper's falsificationism. According to the latter, a scientific theory is a synthetic and universal, hence unverifiable proposition. In fact, (...)
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  13.  78
    Two Notions of Being: Entity and Essence: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 2008 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 62:23-48.
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  14. Happiness and Human Flourishing in Kant's Ethics: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1999 - Social Philosophy and Policy 16 (1):143-175.
    Ancient moral philosophers, especially Aristotle and his followers, typically shared the assumption that ethics is primarily concerned with how to achieve the final end for human beings, a life of “happiness” or “human flourishing.” This final end was not a subjective condition, such as contentment or the satisfaction of our preferences, but a life that could be objectively determined to be appropriate to our nature as human beings. Character traits were treated as moral virtues because they contributed well toward this (...)
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  15.  47
    The Greeks and the Irrational. By E. R. Dodds. Pp. Ix + 327. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press , 1951. 37s. 6d. [REVIEW]H. J. Rose & E. R. Dodds - 1953 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 73 (105):176-177.
    In this philosophy classic, which was first published in 1951, E. R. Dodds takes on the traditional view of Greek culture as a triumph of rationalism. Using the analytical tools of modern anthropology and psychology, Dodds asks, "Why should we attribute to the ancient Greeks an immunity from 'primitive' modes of thought which we do not find in any society open to our direct observation?" Praised by reviewers as "an event in modern Greek scholarship" and "a book which it would (...)
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  16.  47
    Substance and Selfhood: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 1991 - Philosophy 66 (255):81-99.
    How could the self be a substance? There are various ways in which it could be, some familiar from the history of philosophy. I shall be rejecting these more familiar substantivalist approaches, but also the non-substantival theories traditionally opposed to them. I believe that the self is indeed a substance—in fact, that it is a simple or noncomposite substance—and, perhaps more remarkably still, that selves are, in a sense, self-creating substances. Of course, if one thinks of the notion of substance (...)
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  17. VKnowledge Activation: Accessibility, Applicability, and Salience, V in E. Tory Higgins and Arie W. Kruglanski, Eds.E. T. Higgins - 1996 - In E. E. Higgins & A. Kruglanski (eds.), Social Psychology: Handbook of Basic Principles. Guilford.
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  18.  57
    A C.E. Real That Cannot Be SW-Computed by Any Ω Number.George Barmpalias & Andrew E. M. Lewis - 2006 - Notre Dame Journal of Formal Logic 47 (2):197-209.
    The strong weak truth table (sw) reducibility was suggested by Downey, Hirschfeldt, and LaForte as a measure of relative randomness, alternative to the Solovay reducibility. It also occurs naturally in proofs in classical computability theory as well as in the recent work of Soare, Nabutovsky, and Weinberger on applications of computability to differential geometry. We study the sw-degrees of c.e. reals and construct a c.e. real which has no random c.e. real (i.e., Ω number) sw-above it.
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  19.  81
    Visions of Philosophy: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 2009 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 65:1-13.
    Characterizations of philosophy abound. It is ‘the queen of the sciences’, a grand and sweeping metaphysical endeavour; or, less regally, it is a sort of deep anthropology or ‘descriptive metaphysics’, uncovering the general presuppositions or conceptual schemes that lurk beneath our words and thoughts. A different set of images portray philosophy as a type of therapy, or as a spiritual exercise, a way of life to be followed, or even as a special branch of poetry or politics. Then there is (...)
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  20.  25
    Martin Heidegger E a Técnica.Franklin Leopoldo E. Silva - 2007 - Scientiae Studia 5 (3):369-374.
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  21.  15
    Recherches sur les armées Hellénistiques. By M. Launey. Pp. xi + 624. Paris: E. de Boccard, 1949.E. G. Turner & M. Launey - 1950 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 70:95-96.
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  22. Zettel. Edited by G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. Von Wright.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. M. Anscombe & G. H. von Wright - 1967 - Blackwell.
     
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  23.  30
    Reactionary Modernism: David E. Cooper.David E. Cooper - 1999 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 44:291-304.
    ‘Reactionary modernism’ is a term happily coined by the historian and sociologist Jeffrey Herf to refer to a current of German thought during the interwar years. It indicates the attempt to ‘reconcil[e] the antimodernist, romantic and irrationalist ideas present in German nationalism’ with that ‘most obvious manifestation of means–ends rationality … modern technology’. Herf's paradigm examples of this current of thought are two best-selling writers of the period: Oswald Spengler, author of the massive domesday scenario The Decline of the West (...)
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  24. The Message of Affirmative Action: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1991 - Social Philosophy and Policy 8 (2):108-129.
    Affirmative action programs remain controversial, I suspect, partly because the familiar arguments for and against them start from significantly different moral perspectives. Thus I want to step back for a while from the details of debate about particular programs and give attention to the moral viewpoints presupposed in different types of argument. My aim, more specifically, is to compare the “messages” expressed when affirmative action is defended from different moral perspectives. Exclusively forward-looking arguments, I suggest, tend to express the wrong (...)
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  25.  73
    Moore's Defence of Common Sense: A Reappraisal After Fifty Years: R. E. Tully.R. E. Tully - 1976 - Philosophy 51 (197):289-306.
    G. E. Moore's ‘A Defence of Common Sense’ has generated the kind of interest and contrariety which often accompany what is new, provocative, and even important in philosophy. Moore himself reportedly agreed with Wittgenstein's estimate that this was his best article, while C. D. Broad has lamented its very great but largely unfortunate influence. Although the essay inspired Wittgenstein to explore the basis of Moore's claim to know many propositions of common sense to be true, A. J. Ayer judges its (...)
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  26. Main Currents in Contemporary German, British, and American Philosophy. [Translated From the German by Albert E. Blumberg. --].Wolfgang Stegmüller & A. E. Blumberg - 1969 - Bloomington: Reidel.
  27.  23
    The Index Set $\{E: WE \Equiv1 X\}$.E. Herrmann - 1986 - Journal of Symbolic Logic 51 (1):110 - 116.
    Let X be any infinite, coinfinite r.e. set. We show that the index set $\{e: W_e \equiv_1 X\}$ is Σ 0 3 -complete, answering a question posed by Odifreddi in [2].
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  28.  29
    Herington The Older Scholia on the Prometheus Bound. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 1972. Pp. X + 262. 96ff.E. W. Whittle - 1973 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 93:224-224.
  29.  80
    Contract Remedies and Inalienable Rights*: RANDY E. BARNETT.Randy E. Barnett - 1986 - Social Philosophy and Policy 4 (1):179-202.
    I. Introduction Two kinds of remedies have traditionally been employed for breach of contract: legal relief and equitable relief. Legal relief normally takes the form of money damages. Equitable relief normally consists either of specific performance or an injunction – that is, the party in breach may be ordered to perform an act or to refrain from performing an act. In this article I will use a “consent theory of contract” to assess the choice between money damages and specific performance. (...)
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  30.  32
    Personal Agency: E. J. Lowe.E. J. Lowe - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 53:211-227.
    Why does the problem of free will seem so intractable? I surmise that in large measure it does so because the free will debate, at least in its modern form, is conducted in terms of a mistaken approach to causality in general. At the heart of this approach is the assumption that all causation is fundamentally event causation. Of course, it is well-known that some philosophers of action want to invoke in addition an irreducible notion of agent causation, applicable only (...)
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  31.  30
    I—Helen E. Longino.Helen E. Longino - 1997 - Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume 71 (1):19-35.
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  32.  52
    E-Z Reader 7 Provides a Platform for Explaining How Low- and High-Level Linguistic Processes Influence Eye Movements.Gary E. Raney - 2003 - Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (4):498-499.
    E-Z Reader 7 is a processing model of eye-movement control. One constraint imposed on the model is that high-level cognitive processes do not influence eye movements unless normal reading processes are disturbed. I suggest that this constraint is unnecessary, and that the model provides a sensible architecture for explaining how both low- and high-level processes influence eye movements.
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  33.  36
    III. Basic Emotions, Complex Emotions, Machiavellian Emotions1: Paul E. Griffiths.Paul E. Griffiths - 2003 - Royal Institute of Philosophy Supplement 52:39-67.
    According to the distinguished philosopher Richard Wollheim, an emotion is an extended mental episode that originates when events in the world frustrate or satisfy a pre-existing desire. This leads the subject to form an attitude to the world which colours their future experience, leading them to attend to one aspect of things rather than another, and to view the things they attend to in one light rather than another. The idea that emotions arise from the satisfaction or frustration of desires—the (...)
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  34.  41
    Cultura E Crisi Permanente: La ‘Xenia’ Dionisiaca. [REVIEW]R. E. Witt - 1972 - The Classical Review 22 (2):287-288.
  35.  9
    König, E. Kant Und Die Naturwissenschaft. [REVIEW]E. König - 1908 - Kant-Studien 13 (1-3).
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  36.  14
    LOUISE E. ROBBINS, Elephant Slaves and Pampered Parrots: Exotic Animals in Eighteenth-Century Paris. Animals, History, Culture. Baltimore and London: Johns Hopkins University Press, 2002. Pp. Xiv+349. ISBN 0-8018-6753-3. £33.00. [REVIEW]E. C. Spary - 2003 - British Journal for the History of Science 36 (3):367-368.
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  37. E. Heintel, Hegel und die Analogia entis. [REVIEW]E. K. Specht - 1958 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 50:244.
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  38. E. Heintel, Hegel und die Analogia entis.E. K. Specht - 1958 - Kant-Studien 50:244.
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  39. E.-W. Platzeck, Von der Analogie zum Syllogismus. [REVIEW]E. K. Specht - 1955 - Société Française de Philosophie, Bulletin 47:429.
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  40. E.-W. Platzeck, Von der Analogie zum Syllogismus.E. K. Specht - 1955 - Kant-Studien 47:429.
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  41.  2
    Ukiyo-E Art.E. D. S. & Shigeo Miyao - 1963 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 83 (1):165.
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  42. Zettel Edited by G. E. M. Anscombe and G. H. Von Wright. Translated by G. E. M. Anscombe.Ludwig Wittgenstein, G. E. M. Anscombe & G. H. von Wright - 1967
     
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  43.  68
    Moral Construction as a Task: Sources and Limits: Thomas E. Hill, Jr.Thomas E. Hill - 2008 - Social Philosophy and Policy 25 (1):214-236.
    This essay first distinguishes different questions regarding moral objectivity and relativism and then sketches a broadly Kantian position on two of these questions. First, how, if at all, can we derive, justify, or support specific moral principles and judgments from more basic moral standards and values? Second, how, if at all, can the basic standards such as my broadly Kantian perspective, be defended? Regarding the first question, the broadly Kantian position is that from ideas in Kant's later formulations of the (...)
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  44.  25
    Reasonable Self-Interest*: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 1997 - Social Philosophy and Policy 14 (1):52-85.
    Philosophers have debated for millennia about whether moral requirements are always rational to follow. The background for these debates is often what I shall call “the self-interest model.” The guiding assumption here is that the basic demand of reason, to each person, is that one must, above all, advance one's self-interest. Alternatively, debate may be framed by a related, but significantly different, assumption: the idea that the basic rational requirement is to develop and pursue a set of personal ends in (...)
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  45.  18
    Oxyrhynchus Papyri. Part XIX. Ed. E. Lobel, E. P. Wegener, C. H. Roberts, and H. I. Bell. Pp. Xiv + 180; Pl. 13. London: Egypt Exploration Society, 1948. 50s. [REVIEW]E. G. Turner, E. Lobel, E. P. Wegener, C. H. Roberts & H. I. Bell - 1949 - Journal of Hellenic Studies 69:77-77.
  46. Hypothetical Consent in Kantian Constructivism*: THOMAS E. HILL, JR.Thomas E. Hill - 2001 - Social Philosophy and Policy 18 (2):300-329.
    Epistemology, as I understand it, is a branch of philosophy especially concerned with general questions about how we can know various things or at least justify our beliefs about them. It questions what counts as evidence and what are reasonable sources of doubt. Traditionally, episte-mology focuses on pervasive and apparently basic assumptions covering a wide range of claims to knowledge or justified belief rather than very specific, practical puzzles. For example, traditional epistemologists ask “How do we know there are material (...)
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  47.  11
    Cassia, Cinnamomo, Ossidiana: Uomini E Merci Tra Oceano Indiano E Mediterraneo.Steven E. Sidebotham & Federico de Romanis - 1998 - Journal of the American Oriental Society 118 (4):590.
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  48.  34
    Língua, Identidade E Convivencia Étnica Nas "Historias" de Heródoto.Maria de Fátima de Sousa E. Silva - 2009 - Humanitas 61:59-82.
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  49.  35
    The Most Brutal and Inexcusable Error in Counting?: Trinity and Consistency: KEITH E. YANDELL.Keith E. Yandell - 1994 - Religious Studies 30 (2):201-217.
    The Anglican Thirty Nine Articles join catholic Christendom in affirming that: There is but one living and true God…and in unity of this Godhead there be three Persons of one substance, power, and eternity; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost.
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  50.  16
    Miracles and Laws of Nature: E. J. LOWE.E. J. Lowe - 1987 - Religious Studies 23 (2):263-278.
    Hume's famous discussion of miracles in the Enquiry Concerning Human Understanding is curious both on account of the arguments he does deploy and on account of the arguments he does not deploy, but might have been expected to. The first and second parts of this paper will be devoted to examining, respectively, these two objects of curiosity. The second part I regard as the more important, because I shall there try to show that the fact that Hume does not deploy (...)
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